Policy Worlds

Anthropology and the Analysis of Contemporary Power

Author: Cris Shore,Susan Wright,span data-scayt_word="Davide" data-scaytid="13"Davide span data-scayt_word="Pero" data-scaytid="14"Pero

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 0857455893

Category: Social Science

Page: 348

View: 4094

There are few areas of society today that remain outside the ambit of policy processes, and likewise policy making has progressively reached into the structure and fabric of everyday life. An instrument of modern government, policy and its processes provide an analytical window into systems of governance themselves, opening up ways to study power and the construction of regimes of truth. This volume argues that policies are not simply coercive, constraining or confined to static texts; rather, they are productive, continually contested and able to create new social and semantic spaces and new sets of relations. Anthropologists do not stand outside or above systems of governance but are themselves subject to the rhetoric and rationalities of policy. The analyses of policy worlds presented by the contributors to this volume open up new possibilities for understanding systems of knowledge and power and the positioning of academics within them.
Posted in Social Science

Anthropology of Policy

Perspectives on Governance and Power

Author: Cris Shore,Susan Wright

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134827024

Category: Social Science

Page: 312

View: 9019

Arguing that policy has become an increasingly central concept and instrument in the organisation of contemporary societies and that it now impinges on all areas of life so that it is virtually impossible to ignore or escape its influence, this book argues that the study of policy leads straight into issues at the heart of anthropology.
Posted in Social Science

Insurgent Encounters

Transnational Activism, Ethnography, and the Political

Author: Jeffrey S. Juris,Alex Khasnabish

Publisher: Duke University Press

ISBN: 0822353628

Category: Social Science

Page: 444

View: 6910

Politically engaged ethnographers examine the dynamics of contemporary transnational social movements, challenging dominant understandings of social transformation, political possibility, knowledge production, and the relation between intellectual labor and sociopolitical activism.
Posted in Social Science

Audit Cultures

Anthropological Studies in Accountability, Ethics and the Academy

Author: Marilyn Strathern

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113456970X

Category: Social Science

Page: 336

View: 3470

Do audit cultures deliver greater responsibility, or do they stifle creative thought? We are all increasingly subjected to auditing, and alongside that, subject to accountability for our behaviour and actions. Audit cultures pervade in the workplace, our governmental and public institutions as well as academia. However, audit practices themselves have consequences, beneficial and detrimental, that often go unexamined. This book examines how pervasive practices of accountability are, the political and cultural conditions under which accountability flourishes and the consequences of their application. Twelve social anthropologists look at this influential and controversial phenomenon, and map out the effects around Europe and the Commonwealth, as well as in contexts such as the European Commission, the International Monetary Fund and Academic institutions. The result provides an excellent insight into auditing and its dependence on precepts of economic efficiency and ethical practice. This point of convergence between these moral and financial priorities provides an excellent opening for debate on the culture of management and accountability.
Posted in Social Science

The Routledge Companion to Contemporary Anthropology

Author: Simon Coleman,Susan B. Hyatt,Ann Kingsolver

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1317590678

Category: Social Science

Page: 530

View: 1592

The Routledge Companion to Contemporary Anthropology is an invaluable guide and major reference source for students and scholars alike, introducing its readers to key contemporary perspectives and approaches within the field. Written by an experienced international team of contributors, with an interdisciplinary range of essays, this collection provides a powerful overview of the transformations currently affecting anthropology. The volume both addresses the concerns of the discipline and comments on its construction through texts, classroom interactions, engagements with various publics, and changing relations with other academic subjects. Persuasively demonstrating that a number of key contemporary issues can be usefully analyzed through an anthropological lens, the contributors cover important topics such as globalization, law and politics, collaborative archaeology, economics, religion, citizenship and community, health, and the environment. The Routledge Companion to Contemporary Anthropology is a fascinating examination of this lively and constantly evolving discipline.
Posted in Social Science

Cultivating Development : An Ethnography Of Aid Policy And Practice

Author: David Mosse

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9788178296012

Category: Economic assistance

Page: 336

View: 5852

Based on a detailed account of an actual development project, this book addresses an important question: Is development practice actually driven by policy? Development agencies and researchers are preoccupied with policy; with exerting influence over policy; linking research to policy, and with implementing policy around the world. In this book, David Mosse argues that rather than being driven by policy, development practice is actually shaped by the exigencies of organisations and the need to maintain relationships. At the same time, however, development actors work hard at maintaining the fiction of representing authorised policy in their actions. This book (which can be characterised as being a social investigation) asks pertinent questions about international aid, in particular of British aid for rural development. It does so by examining in depth the experience of a development project in western India over a period of more than ten years and as it falls under different policy regimes. Mosse analyses development processes in the light of the broad experience of the project workers (which included himself), even if it means destabilising policy representations. The book is a compelling re-examination of the politics and ethics of engaging with development and a rare self-critical reflection practice.
Posted in Economic assistance

Encounters of Body and Soul in Contemporary Religious Practices

Anthropological Reflections

Author: Anna Fedele,Ruy Llera Blanes

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 0857452088

Category: Social Science

Page: 252

View: 911

Social scientists and philosophers confronted with religious phenomena have always been challenged to find a proper way to describe the spiritual experiences of the social group they were studying. The influence of the Cartesian dualism of body and mind (or soul) led to a distinction between non-material, spiritual experiences (i.e., related to the soul) and physical, mechanical experiences (i.e., related to the body). However, recent developments in medical science on the one hand and challenges to universalist conceptions of belief and spirituality on the other have resulted in "body" and "soul" losing the reassuring solid contours they had in the past. Yet, in "Western culture," the body–soul duality is alive, not least in academic and media discourses. This volume pursues the ongoing debates and discusses the importance of the body and how it is perceived in contemporary religious faith: what happens when "body" and "soul" are un-separated entities? Is it possible, even for anthropologists and ethnographers, to escape from "natural dualism"? The contributors here present research in novel empirical contexts, the benefits and limits of the old dichotomy are discussed, and new theoretical strategies proposed.
Posted in Social Science

Nature and Society

Anthropological Perspectives

Author: Philippe Descola,Gisli Palsson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134827156

Category: Social Science

Page: 320

View: 755

The contributors to this book focus on the relationship between nature and society from a variety of theoretical and ethnographic perspectives. Their work draws upon recent developments in social theory, biology, ethnobiology, epistemology, sociology of science, and a wide array of ethnographic case studies -- from Amazonia, the Solomon Islands, Malaysia, the Mollucan Islands, rural comunities from Japan and north-west Europe, urban Greece, and laboratories of molecular biology and high-energy physics. The discussion is divided into three parts, emphasising the problems posed by the nature-culture dualism, some misguided attempts to respond to these problems, and potential avenues out of the current dilemmas of ecological discourse.
Posted in Social Science

Power and Magic in Italy

Author: Hauschild

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 1845458532

Category: Body, Mind & Spirit

Page: 316

View: 7400

Posted in Body, Mind & Spirit

Power, community and the state

the political anthropology of organisation in Mexico

Author: Monique Nuijten

Publisher: Pluto Pr

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 227

View: 3547

An important contribution to debates on theorising state power. The author's fieldwork in Mexico is used to examine the tensions between local community and state.
Posted in Political Science

Development as Process

Concepts and Methods for Working with Complexity

Author: John Farrington,David Mosse,Alan Rew

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134664826

Category: Science

Page: 216

View: 1449

Process" approaches to economic and social development appear to be more flexible and offer greater prospects of success than traditional "project" methods. Development as Process addresses the questions raised by the different natures of the two approaches. The authors examine development projects through experience in water resources development in India and in organizational learning by a Bangladeshi NGO. Inter-agency contexts are examined in the setting of an aquaculture project in Bangladesh and in the setting of agriculture and natural resources development in Rajisthan, India. Finally, the role of process monitoring is explained in the context of policy reform, with illustrations from forestry in India and land reform in Russia.
Posted in Science

Migrant Politics and Mobilisation

Exclusion, Engagements, Incorporation

Author: Davide Pero,John Solomos

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317986512

Category: Social Science

Page: 159

View: 7417

In recent years immigration and the integration of migrants and minorities have become politicised in public and policy debates in Britain, the rest of Europe and the United States. In such debates, migrants are commonly treated as objects of politics and spoken in terms of management, national interest, control and contention. This treatment has characterised not only policy makers and politicians but also many academics. Existing scholarly research on migrants as subjects of politics is limited and largely carried out through detached and structural approaches. These approaches have focused on the institutional environments in which mobilisations develop. They have, however, overlooked migrants’ conditions, experiences, subjectivities and practices as well as the focus of their engagement. This volume contributes to the study of migrants’ mobilisation through theoretically informed original empirical papers focusing on current forms and aspects of migrants and minorities practices of citizenship in an engaged and people-centred manner. In particular, the book addresses issues of change both in the forms assumed by migrants’ and minorities political engagements and in the transformations these engagements produce as well as exclusion-inclusion dynamics that migrants experience with regard to the political process and more generally. This book was previously published as a special issue of Ethnic and Racial Studies.
Posted in Social Science

Disputing Citizenship

Author: John Clarke,Kathleen Coll,Evelina Dagnino,Catherine Neveu

Publisher: Policy Press

ISBN: 1447312538

Category: Political Science

Page: 214

View: 9660

Many people take citizenship for granted, but throughout history it has been an embattled notion. This unique book presents a new perspective on citizenship, treating it as a continuous focal point of dispute. Written by scholars from Brazil, France, Britain, and the United States, it offers an international and interdisciplinary exploration of the ways different forms and practices of citizenship embody contesting entanglements of politics, culture, and power. In doing so, it offers a provocative challenge to the ways citizenship is normally conceived of and analyzed by the social sciences and develops an innovative view of citizenship as something always emerging from struggle.
Posted in Political Science

Theorising Media and Practice

Author: Birgit Bräuchler,John Postill

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 1845458540

Category: Social Science

Page: 352

View: 2005

Although practice theory has been a mainstay of social theory for nearly three decades, so far it has had very limited impact on media studies. This book draws on the work of practice theorists such as Wittgenstein, Foucault, Bourdieu, Barth and Schatzki and rethinks the study of media from the perspective of practice theory. Drawing on ethnographic case studies from places such as Zambia, India, Hong Kong, the United States, Britain, Norway and Denmark, the contributors address a number of important themes: media as practice; the interlinkage between media, culture and practice; the contextual study of media practices; and new practices of digital production. Collectively, these chapters make a strong case for the importance of theorising the relationship between media and practice and thereby adding practice theory as a new strand to the study of anthropology of media.
Posted in Social Science

Anthropology and Development

Challenges for the Twenty-First Century

Author: Colin Cremin

Publisher: Pluto Press

ISBN: 9780745333656

Category: Social Science

Page: 216

View: 3459

Western aid is in decline. Non-traditional development actors from the developing countries and elsewhere are in the ascendant. A new set of global economic and political processes are shaping the twenty-first century. Anthropology and Development is a completely rewritten new edition of the best-selling Anthropology, Development and the Post-Modern Challenge (1996). Published to a set of excellent reviews and strong sales, it, along with the new book, serves as both an innovative reformulation of the field, and as a textbook for many undergraduate and graduate courses at leading universities in Europe and North America. For the new book, the authors Katy Gardner and David Lewis engage with nearly two decades of continuity and change in the development industry. In particular, they argue that while the world of international development has expanded since the 1990s, it has become more rigidly technocratic. Anthropology and Development therefore insists on a focus upon the core anthropological issues surrounding poverty and inequality, and thus sharply criticises the contemporary perceived problems in the field.
Posted in Social Science

Reigning the River

Urban Ecologies and Political Transformation in Kathmandu

Author: Anne Rademacher

Publisher: Duke University Press Books

ISBN: 9780822350620

Category: Science

Page: 272

View: 9082

A major contribution to the nascent anthropology of urban environments, Reigning the River illuminates the complexities of river restoration in Kathmandu, Nepal’s capital and one of the fastest-growing cities in South Asia. In this rich ethnography, Anne M. Rademacher explores the ways that urban riverscape improvement involved multiple actors, each constructing ideals of restoration through contested histories and ideologies of belonging. She examines competing understandings of river restoration, particularly among bureaucrats in state and conservation-development agencies, cultural heritage activists, and advocates for the security of tens of thousands of rural-to-urban migrants settled along the exposed riverbed. Rademacher conducted research during a volatile period in Nepal’s political history. As clashes between Maoist revolutionaries and the government intensified, the riverscape became a site of competing claims to a capital city that increasingly functioned as a last refuge from war-related violence. In this time of intense flux, efforts to ensure, create, or imagine ecological stability intersected with aspirations for political stability. Throughout her analysis, Rademacher emphasizes ecology as an important site of dislocation, entitlement, and cultural meaning.
Posted in Science

Flexible Capitalism

Exchange and Ambiguity at Work

Author: Jens Kjaerulff

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 1782386165

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 296

View: 3341

Approaching “work” as at heart a practice of exchange, this volume explores sociality in work environments marked by the kind of structural changes that have come to define contemporary “flexible” capitalism. It introduces anthropological exchange theory to a wider readership, and shows how the perspective offers new ways to enquire about the flexible capitalism’s social dimensions. The essays contribute to a trans-disciplinary scholarship on contemporary economic practice and change by documenting how, across diverse settings, “gift-like” socialities proliferate, and even sustain the intensified flexible commoditization that more commonly is touted as tearing social relations apart. By interrogating a keenly debated contemporary work regime through an approach to sociality rooted in a rich and distinct anthropological legacy, the volume also makes a novel contribution to the anthropological literature on work and on exchange.
Posted in Business & Economics

Anthropology Matters

Third Edition

Author: Shirley A. Fedorak

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1487593201

Category: Anthropology

Page: 288

View: 7062

"Anthropology Matters places the study of anthropology concretely in the world that surrounds it. It takes a question-based approach to introducing important anthropological concepts by embedding those concepts in contemporary global issues that will interest students. The third edition of this popular text has been updated throughout and includes two new chapters: globalization and transnational mobility, and the responsibility of the global community to refugees. The book has also been revised and updated throughout to reflect current events and popular topics, including the impact of social media on social, political, and religious systems, interviews with women who veil, and discussion of design anthropology."--
Posted in Anthropology

Inclusionary Rhetoric/exclusionary Practices

Left-wing Politics and Migrants in Italy

Author: Davide Però

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 9781845451578

Category: Political Science

Page: 168

View: 7935

Migration and multiculturalism are hotly discussed in public debates across Europe. Whereas ethnographic research has begun to examine the Right in this context, the Left remains largely unexplored. Drawing on fieldwork conducted in Bologna - the show-case city of the Italian Left this book provides fresh perspectives on how the contemporary Left "frames" these issues in practice and how such framing has changed in recent decades. By focusing on the official rhetoric grassroots discourses, policy and civil societal practices of the Left as well as on the immigrants' own views, this book timely offers a comprehensive, vivid, and critical account of changing ideas about ethnicity, class, identity and difference in "progressive" politics and of the implications that such ideas have for the incorporation of migrants in Europe.
Posted in Political Science