Law enforcement agencies and their employees are continually at risk for potential liability related to torts, civil rights violations, and employment law issues. Litigation may involve suits by the public against officers and the administration, actions by the administration against officers, or actions by officers against the administration or members of the public they serve. Knowledge of these risks and understanding how they arise are essential to law enforcement officers, administrators, and their legal counsel. Police Liability and Risk Management: Torts, Civil Rights, and Employment Law is written by an attorney and a 34-year law enforcement veteran who knows his way around the streets and the courtroom. Dr. Robert J. Girod combines decades of teaching and practical experience with legal and academic education to compile this practical source of case law and risk management principles. The book is designed to help law enforcement professionals reduce police liability and avoid the risk of litigation—or, in the event a lawsuit does arise—to manage liability and defend themselves. In our litigious society, suits involving the law enforcement community are becoming a more common occurrence and can destroy an officer’s career or cast a pall on an entire department. By understanding the laws governing these types of issues, law enforcement professionals are better able to monitor the sources of liability and implement risk management strategies to shield their policies, practices, procedures, and protocols from the danger of liability.
Torts, Civil Rights, and Employment Law
Author: Robert J Girod
Publisher: CRC Press
Tradecraft is a term used within the intelligence community to describe the methods, practices, and techniques used in espionage and clandestine investigations. Whether the practitioner is a covert agent for the government or an identity thief and con man, the methods, practices, tactics, and techniques are often the same and sometimes learned from the same sources. Advanced Criminal Investigations and Intelligence Operations: Tradecraft Methods, Practices, Tactics, and Techniques reveals how intelligence officers and investigators conduct their tradecraft. You’ll learn how to plan an operation, how to build an identity and cover story for deep cover operations, and how to detect those who have created false identities for illegal purposes. You’ll also get insight into the technical aspects of intelligence (the INTs), counterintelligence, and criminal investigations, and legal considerations for conducting intelligence investigations. Topics include: A discussion of black bag operational planning HUMINT (human intelligence)—the gathering of information from human sources DAME (defenses against methods of entry), forced entry into buildings, safes and combination locks, and automobile locks PSYOPS (psychological operations) and the use of social networks ELINT (electronic intelligence) and SIGINT (signals intelligence)—electronic interception of intelligence, bugs, wiretaps, and other communications interceptions EMINT (emanations intelligence), which concerns the emanation of data, signals, or other intelligence from C4I systems IMINT (imagery intelligence), involving any intelligence gathered using images Intelligence files and analytical methods Based upon the author’s training and experience over more than three decades as a law enforcement investigator and military officer, as well as research conducted as an attorney and in academia, the book provides you with an insider perspective on sensitive covert and overt operations and sources. Supplemented with roughly 140 illustrations and photos, this collection of special skills and reference materials is essential to the professional investigator and intelligence operative.
Tradecraft Methods, Practices, Tactics, and Techniques
Author: Robert J Girod
Publisher: CRC Press
All too often, professional investigations fail because those involved jump to conclusions and draw faulty premises that leave the trail cold. Correct conclusions are not the result of guessing, but by applying efficient thought processes. Logical Investigative Methods: Critical Thinking and Reasoning for Successful Investigations is designed to help investigators, detectives, special agents, and prosecutors avoid assumptions and false premises by using logic, reasoning, critical thinking, and the scientific method in their investigations. Topics covered in this text include: Finding facts instead of making assumptions Understanding how our cognitive skills can affect investigations Using philosophy and logic to come to proper conclusions and probable inferences Using critical thinking and logical reasoning effectively Outlining the criminal investigation skills required of detectives and investigators Profiling to analyze personality types and to interpret artifacts of a crime scene Interviewing, interrogation, and detecting deception Using tools to analyze and graphically display organized, understandable information about complex crimes Documenting and presenting a case using all of the tools learned This organized text of methods, practices, techniques, and tactics provides concrete instruction that can be applied to any investigation. By learning to become trained observers who make logical inferences from their observations, users of this text can effectively streamline their investigations for a successful result.
Critical Thinking and Reasoning for Successful Investigations
Author: Robert J. Girod
Publisher: CRC Press
Author: Chris Bowes
Publisher: First and Best in Education
Category: School field trips
Using the Classification and Numbering System of the Official Illinois Compiled Statutes, as Authorized by Public Act 87-1005, Effective January 1, 1993
Author: ames Boyd Martindale,John Henry Hubbell,Martindale-Hubbell (Firm)
Category: American literature
Category: Court calendars
Category: Defense (Civil procedure)
A woman terrified by the threats of a jilted suitor is denied police protection. A workman collapses on the job and the employer is slow to help him. A bully in a bar begins to carry out threats of serious injury to a customer, after the bartender’s lackadaisical response. Springing from varied areas of human activity, such cases occupy an important area of the legal battleground called modern tort law. They also provide the basis for a fascinating legal analysis by Marshall S. Shapo. Tort law is an important social mediator of events surrounding personal injuries. It impinges on many other areas of the law—those dealing with crime, constitutional protections against government officials and agencies, and property rights. Since litigated tort cases often involve brutal treatment or accidents inflicting severe physical harm, this area of the law generates much emotion and complex legal doctrine. Shapo cuts through the emotion and the complexity to present a view of these problems that is both legally sound and intuitively appealing. His emphasis is on power relationships between private citizens and other individuals, as well as between private persons and governments and officials. He undertakes to define power in a meaningful way as it relates to many tort issues faced by ordinary citizens, and to make this definition precise by constant reference to concrete cases. His particular focus is on an age-old problem in tort law: the question of when a person has a duty to aid another in peril. In analyzing a large number of cases in this category, Shapo develops an analysis that blends considerations of economic efficiency and humanitarian concern. Recognizing that economic considerations are significant in judicial analysis of these cases, he emphasizes elements that go beyond a simple concern with efficiency, especially the ability of one person to control another’s actions or exposure to risk. These considerations of power and corresponding dependence provide the basis for Shapo’s study of the duties of both private citizens and governments to prevent injury to others. Calling on a broad range of legal precedents, he also refers to social science research dealing with the behavior of bystanders when fellow citizens are under attack. Beyond his application of a power-based analysis to litigation traditionally based in tort doctrine, Shapo offers some speculative suggestions on the possible applicability of his views to several controversial areas of welfare law: medical care, municipal services, and educational standards. This book was written with a view to readership by interested citizens as well as legal scholars, judges, and practicing attorneys.
Tort Law, Power, and Public Policy
Author: Marshall S. Shapo
Publisher: University of Texas Press
This Guide provides an outline of the main aspects of the Zimbabwean Law of Delict. Delict is a concept of civil law in which a willfull wrong or an act of negligence gives rise to a legal obligation between the parties, despite the lack of a contract. A Cases section follows the main text, containing summaries of salient Zimbabwean cases and also of some important South African and English cases.
Author: G. Feltoe
Publisher: African Books Collective
Author: Oliver Wendell Holmes
Category: Common law
Whether you are a new or an experienced emergency nurse, you'll find that the Emergency Nursing Core Curriculum, 6th Edition is an essential tool for your practice. Authored by the Emergency Nurses Association (ENA), this highly-respected resource will help you build and verify your knowledge, develop practice standards, improve quality of care, and educate nursing staff as well as patients and families. The Emergency Nursing Core Curriculum, 6th Edition is also the ideal resource to help you prepare for the Certification for Emergency Nurses (CEN) exam. Authored by ENA, you can rely on this text to be the most authoritative and up-to-date resource available. The text's outline format and alphabetical listing of the Clinical Emergencies chapters mean you can find the information you need - fast! The most recent CEN examination content is included to ensure that you're prepared and confident. Nine new chapters incorporate the latest information about: Triage Complementary and Alternative Therapies Cultural Dimensions and Emergency Nursing End-of-Life Issues in the Emergency Department Hemodynamic Monitoring Hematologic/Oncologic Emergencies Mechanism of Injury Weapons of Mass Destruction Forensic Nursing Practice A new unit on trauma emergencies reorganizes information from the previous edition to help you more easily find the facts you need. More illustrations and tables are included to enhance your understanding of key information.
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
County Officials' Handbook to Avoid Liability
Author: James R. Schirott
Category: Government liability