Poincaré and the Three Body Problem

Author: June Barrow-Green

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 9780821803677

Category: Mathematics

Page: 272

View: 1219

The idea of chaos figures prominently in mathematics today. It arose in the work of one of the greatest mathematicians of the late 19th century, Henri Poincare, on a problem in celestial mechanics: the three body problem. This ancient problem--to describe the paths of three bodies in mutual gravitational interaction--is one of those which is simple to pose but impossible to solve precisely. Poincare's famous memoir on the three body problem arose from his entry in the competition celebrating the 60th birthday of King Oscar of Sweden and Norway. His essay won the prize and was set up in print as a paper in Acta Mathematica when it was found to contain a deep and critical error. In correcting this error Poincare discovered mathematical chaos, as is now clear from Barrow-Green's pioneering study of a copy of the original memoir annotated by Poincare himself, recently discovered in the Institut Mittag-Leffler in Stockholm. Poincare and the Three Body Problem opens with a discussion of the development of the three body problem itself and Poincare's related earlier work. The book also contains intriguing insights into the contemporary European mathematical community revealed by the workings of the competition. After an account of the discovery of the error and a detailed comparative study of both the original memoir and its rewritten version, the book concludes with an account of the final memoir's reception, influence and impact, and an examination of Poincare's subsequent highly influential work in celestial mechanics.
Posted in Mathematics

The Three-Body Problem and the Equations of Dynamics

Poincaré’s Foundational Work on Dynamical Systems Theory

Author: Henri Poincaré

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319528998

Category: Mathematics

Page: 248

View: 4161

Here is an accurate and readable translation of a seminal article by Henri Poincaré that is a classic in the study of dynamical systems popularly called chaos theory. In an effort to understand the stability of orbits in the solar system, Poincaré applied a Hamiltonian formulation to the equations of planetary motion and studied these differential equations in the limited case of three bodies to arrive at properties of the equations’ solutions, such as orbital resonances and horseshoe orbits. Poincaré wrote for professional mathematicians and astronomers interested in celestial mechanics and differential equations. Contemporary historians of math or science and researchers in dynamical systems and planetary motion with an interest in the origin or history of their field will find his work fascinating.
Posted in Mathematics

Celestial Encounters

The Origins of Chaos and Stability

Author: Florin Diacu,Philip Holmes

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691005454

Category: Science

Page: 233

View: 2498

Celestial Encounters traces the history of attempts to solve the problem of celestial mechanics first posited in Isaac Newton's Principia in 1686. More generally, the authors reflect on mathematical creativity and the roles that chance encounters, politics, and circumstance play in it. 23 halftones. 64 line illustrations.
Posted in Science

Henri Poincaré, 1912–2012

Poincaré Seminar 2012

Author: Bertrand Duplantier,Vincent Rivasseau

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3034808348

Category: Mathematics

Page: 233

View: 1209

This thirteenth volume of the Poincaré Seminar Series, Henri Poincaré, 1912-2012, is published on the occasion of the centennial of the death of Henri Poincaré in 1912. It presents a scholarly approach to Poincaré’s genius and creativity in mathematical physics and mathematics. Its five articles are also highly pedagogical, as befits their origin in lectures to a broad scientific audience. Highlights include “Poincaré’s Light” by Olivier Darrigol, a leading historian of science, who uses light as a guiding thread through much of Poincaré ’s physics and philosophy, from the application of his superior mathematical skills and the theory of diffraction to his subsequent reflections on the foundations of electromagnetism and the electrodynamics of moving bodies; the authoritative “Poincaré and the Three-Body Problem” by Alain Chenciner, who offers an exquisitely detailed, hundred-page perspective, peppered with vivid excerpts from citations, on the monumental work of Poincaré on this subject, from the famous (King Oscar’s) 1889 memoir to the foundations of the modern theory of chaos in “Les méthodes nouvelles de la mécanique céleste.” A profoundly original and scholarly presentation of the work by Poincaré on probability theory is given by Laurent Mazliak in “Poincaré’s Odds,” from the incidental first appearance of the word “probability” in Poincaré’s famous 1890 theorem of recurrence for dynamical systems, to his later acceptance of the unavoidability of probability calculus in Science, as developed to a great extent by Emile Borel, Poincaré’s main direct disciple; the article by Francois Béguin, “Henri Poincaré and the Uniformization of Riemann Surfaces,” takes us on a fascinating journey through the six successive versions in twenty-six years of the celebrated uniformization theorem, which exemplifies the Master’s distinctive signature in the foundational fusion of mathematics and physics, on which conformal field theory, string theory and quantum gravity so much depend nowadays; the final chapter, “Harmony and Chaos, On the Figure of Henri Poincaré” by the filmmaker Philippe Worms, describes the homonymous poetical film in which eminent scientists, through mathematical scenes and physical experiments, display their emotional relationship to the often elusive scientific truth and universal “harmony and chaos” in Poincaré’s legacy. This book will be of broad general interest to physicists, mathematicians, philosophers of science and historians.
Posted in Mathematics

Henri Poincaré

A Scientific Biography

Author: Jeremy Gray

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 0691152713

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 592

View: 8733

Henri Poincaré (1854-1912) was not just one of the most inventive, versatile, and productive mathematicians of all time--he was also a leading physicist who almost won a Nobel Prize for physics and a prominent philosopher of science whose fresh and surprising essays are still in print a century later. The first in-depth and comprehensive look at his many accomplishments, Henri Poincaré explores all the fields that Poincaré touched, the debates sparked by his original investigations, and how his discoveries still contribute to society today. Math historian Jeremy Gray shows that Poincaré's influence was wide-ranging and permanent. His novel interpretation of non-Euclidean geometry challenged contemporary ideas about space, stirred heated discussion, and led to flourishing research. His work in topology began the modern study of the subject, recently highlighted by the successful resolution of the famous Poincaré conjecture. And Poincaré's reformulation of celestial mechanics and discovery of chaotic motion started the modern theory of dynamical systems. In physics, his insights on the Lorentz group preceded Einstein's, and he was the first to indicate that space and time might be fundamentally atomic. Poincaré the public intellectual did not shy away from scientific controversy, and he defended mathematics against the attacks of logicians such as Bertrand Russell, opposed the views of Catholic apologists, and served as an expert witness in probability for the notorious Dreyfus case that polarized France. Richly informed by letters and documents, Henri Poincaré demonstrates how one man's work revolutionized math, science, and the greater world.
Posted in Biography & Autobiography

The Scientific Legacy of Poincaré

Author: Éric Charpentier,Etienne Ghys,Annick Lesne

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 082184718X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 391

View: 9114

Henri Poincare (1854-1912) was one of the greatest scientists of his time, perhaps the last one to have mastered and expanded almost all areas in mathematics and theoretical physics. He created new mathematical branches, such as algebraic topology, dynamical systems, and automorphic functions, and he opened the way to complex analysis with several variables and to the modern approach to asymptotic expansions. He revolutionized celestial mechanics, discovering deterministic chaos. In physics, he is one of the fathers of special relativity, and his work in the philosophy of sciences is illuminating. For this book, about twenty world experts were asked to present one part of Poincare's extraordinary work. Each chapter treats one theme, presenting Poincare's approach, and achievements, along with examples of recent applications and some current prospects. Their contributions emphasize the power and modernity of the work of Poincare, an inexhaustible source of inspiration for researchers, as illustrated by the Fields Medal awarded in 2006 to Grigori Perelman for his proof of the Poincare conjecture stated a century before. This book can be read by anyone with a master's (even a bachelor's) degree in mathematics, or physics, or more generally by anyone who likes mathematical and physical ideas. Rather than presenting detailed proofs, the main ideas are explained, and a bibliography is provided for those who wish to understand the technical details.
Posted in Mathematics

The Three-Body Problem

Author: Catherine Shaw

Publisher: Allison & Busby

ISBN: 074901444X

Category: Fiction

Page: 352

View: 9861

Cambridge, 1888. When schoolmistress Vanessa Duncan learns of a murder at St John's College, little does she know that she will become deeply entangled in the mystery. Dr Geoffrey Akers, Fellow in Pure Mathematics, has been found dead, struck down by a violent blow to the head. What could provoke such a brutal act? Vanessa, finding herself in amongst Cambridge's brightest scholarly minds, discovers that the motive may lie in mathematics itself. Drawn closer to the case by a blossoming friendship with mathematician Arthur Weatherburn, Vanessa begins to investigate. When she learns of Sir Isaac Newton's elusive 'n-body problem' and the prestigious prize offered to anyone with a solution, things begin to make sense. But with further deaths occurring and the threat of an innocent man being condemned, Vanessa must hurry with her calculations...
Posted in Fiction

Linear Differential Equations and Group Theory from Riemann to Poincare

Author: Jeremy Gray

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780817647728

Category: Mathematics

Page: 338

View: 9808

This book is a study of how a particular vision of the unity of mathematics, often called geometric function theory, was created in the 19th century. The central focus is on the convergence of three mathematical topics: the hypergeometric and related linear differential equations, group theory, and on-Euclidean geometry. The text for this second edition has been greatly expanded and revised, and the existing appendices enriched. The exercises have been retained, making it possible to use the book as a companion to mathematics courses at the graduate level.
Posted in Mathematics

Lectures on Celestial Mechanics

Author: Carl L. Siegel,Jürgen K. Moser

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642872840

Category: Mathematics

Page: 290

View: 1940

The present book represents to a large extent the translation of the German "Vorlesungen über Himmelsmechanik" by C. L. Siegel. The demand for a new edition and for an English translation gave rise to the present volume which, however, goes beyond a mere translation. To take account of recent work in this field a number of sections have been added, especially in the third chapter which deals with the stability theory. Still, it has not been attempted to give a complete presentation of the subject, and the basic prganization of Siegel's original book has not been altered. The emphasis lies in the development of results and analytic methods which are based on the ideas of H. Poincare, G. D. Birkhoff, A. Liapunov and, as far as Chapter I is concerned, on the work of K. F. Sundman and C. L. Siegel. In recent years the measure-theoretical aspects of mechanics have been revitalized and have led to new results which will not be discussed here. In this connection we refer, in particular, to the interesting book by V. I. Arnold and A. Avez on "Problemes Ergodiques de la Mecanique Classique", which stresses the interaction of ergodic theory and mechanics. We list the points in which the present book differs from the German text. In the first chapter two sections on the tri pie collision in the three body problem have been added by C. L. Siegel.
Posted in Mathematics

Poincare's Prize

The Hundred-Year Quest to Solve One of Math's Greatest Puzzles

Author: George G. Szpiro

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 1440634289

Category: Mathematics

Page: 320

View: 704

The amazing story of one of the greatest math problems of all time and the reclusive genius who solved it In the tradition of Fermat’s Enigma and Prime Obsession, George Szpiro brings to life the giants of mathematics who struggled to prove a theorem for a century and the mysterious man from St. Petersburg, Grigory Perelman, who fi nally accomplished the impossible. In 1904 Henri Poincaré developed the Poincaré Conjecture, an attempt to understand higher-dimensional space and possibly the shape of the universe. The problem was he couldn’t prove it. A century later it was named a Millennium Prize problem, one of the seven hardest problems we can imagine. Now this holy grail of mathematics has been found. Accessibly interweaving history and math, Szpiro captures the passion, frustration, and excitement of the hunt, and provides a fascinating portrait of a contemporary noble-genius.
Posted in Mathematics

Mathematical Methods of Classical Mechanics

Author: V.I. Arnol'd

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1475720637

Category: Mathematics

Page: 520

View: 8052

This book constructs the mathematical apparatus of classical mechanics from the beginning, examining basic problems in dynamics like the theory of oscillations and the Hamiltonian formalism. The author emphasizes geometrical considerations and includes phase spaces and flows, vector fields, and Lie groups. Discussion includes qualitative methods of the theory of dynamical systems and of asymptotic methods like averaging and adiabatic invariance.
Posted in Mathematics

The Value of Science

Author: Henri Poincaré,George Bruce Halsted

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 147

View: 3829

Posted in Science

The Scientific Legacy of Poincaré

Author: Éric Charpentier,Etienne Ghys,Annick Lesne

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 082184718X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 391

View: 1821

Henri Poincare (1854-1912) was one of the greatest scientists of his time, perhaps the last one to have mastered and expanded almost all areas in mathematics and theoretical physics. He created new mathematical branches, such as algebraic topology, dynamical systems, and automorphic functions, and he opened the way to complex analysis with several variables and to the modern approach to asymptotic expansions. He revolutionized celestial mechanics, discovering deterministic chaos. In physics, he is one of the fathers of special relativity, and his work in the philosophy of sciences is illuminating. For this book, about twenty world experts were asked to present one part of Poincare's extraordinary work. Each chapter treats one theme, presenting Poincare's approach, and achievements, along with examples of recent applications and some current prospects. Their contributions emphasize the power and modernity of the work of Poincare, an inexhaustible source of inspiration for researchers, as illustrated by the Fields Medal awarded in 2006 to Grigori Perelman for his proof of the Poincare conjecture stated a century before. This book can be read by anyone with a master's (even a bachelor's) degree in mathematics, or physics, or more generally by anyone who likes mathematical and physical ideas. Rather than presenting detailed proofs, the main ideas are explained, and a bibliography is provided for those who wish to understand the technical details.
Posted in Mathematics

Mathematics and Science: Last Essays (1913)

Author: Henri Poincare

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781436552059

Category:

Page: 126

View: 7149

This scarce antiquarian book is a facsimile reprint of the original. Due to its age, it may contain imperfections such as marks, notations, marginalia and flawed pages. Because we believe this work is culturally important, we have made it available as part of our commitment for protecting, preserving, and promoting the world's literature in affordable, high quality, modern editions that are true to the original work.
Posted in

Papers on Topology

Analysis Situs and Its Five Supplements

Author: Henri Poincaré

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 0821852345

Category: Mathematics

Page: 228

View: 3276

The papers in this book chronicle Henri Poincare's Journey in algebraic topology between 1892 and 1904, from his discovery of the fundamental group to his formulation of the Poincare conjecture. For the first time in English translation, one can follow every step (and occasional stumble) along the way, with the help of translator John Stillwell's introduction and editorial comments. Now that the Poincare conjecture has finally been proved, by Grigory perelman, it seems timely to collect the papers that from the background to this famous conjecture. Poincare's papers are in fact the first draft of algebraic topology, introducing its main subject matter (manifolds) and basic concepts (homotopy and homology). All mathematicians interested in topology and its history will enjoy this book. These famous papers, with their characteristic mixture of deep insight and inevitable confusion, are here presented complete and in English for the first time, with a commentary by their translator, John Stillwell, that guides the reader into the beart of the subject. One of the finest works of one of the great mathematicians is now available anew for students and experts alike.---Jeremy Gray The AMS and John Stillwell have made an important contribution to the mathematics literature in this translation of Poincare. For many of us, these great papers on the foundations of topology are given greater clarity in English. Moreover, reading Poincare here illustrates the ultimate in research by successive approximations (akin to my own way of mathematical thinking)---Stephen Smale I am a proud owner of the original complete works in green leather in French bought for a princely sum in Paris around 1975. I have read in them exten-sively, and often during topology lectures I refer to parts of these works. I am happy that there is now the option for my students to read them in English---Dennis Sullivan
Posted in Mathematics

The Great Mathematical Problems

Author: Ian Stewart

Publisher: Profile Books

ISBN: 1847653510

Category: Mathematics

Page: 340

View: 3456

There are some mathematical problems whose significance goes beyond the ordinary - like Fermat's Last Theorem or Goldbach's Conjecture - they are the enigmas which define mathematics. The Great Mathematical Problems explains why these problems exist, why they matter, what drives mathematicians to incredible lengths to solve them and where they stand in the context of mathematics and science as a whole. It contains solved problems - like the Poincar Conjecture, cracked by the eccentric genius Grigori Perelman, who refused academic honours and a million-dollar prize for his work, and ones which, like the Riemann Hypothesis, remain baffling after centuries. Stewart is the guide to this mysterious and exciting world, showing how modern mathematicians constantly rise to the challenges set by their predecessors, as the great mathematical problems of the past succumb to the new techniques and ideas of the present.
Posted in Mathematics

New Kind of Science

Notes from the Book

Author: Stephen Wolfram

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781579550196

Category: Science

Page: 348

View: 5360

Posted in Science

A History of Mechanics

Author: René Dugas

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486173372

Category: Science

Page: 688

View: 2025

Monumental study traces the history of mechanical principles chronologically from antiquity through the early 20th century. Contributions of ancient Greeks, Leonardo, Galileo, Kepler, Lagrange, others. 116 illustrations.
Posted in Science

The SAGE Handbook of Complexity and Management

Author: Peter Allen,Steve Maguire,Bill McKelvey

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1446209741

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 672

View: 6718

The SAGE Handbook of Complexity and Management is the first substantive scholarly work to provide a map of the state of art research in the growing field emerging at the intersection of complexity science and management studies. Edited and written by internationally respected scholars from management and related disciplines, the Handbook will be the definitive reference source for understanding the implications of complexity science for management research and practice. Part One: Foundations introduces complexity science and its implications for the foundations of scientific knowledge, including management knowledge. Part Two: Applications presents the numerous ways in which complexity science models and tools, as well as complexity thinking, are being applied to management and organizational phenomena and the insights gained as a result. Part Three: Interfaces highlights how complexity science is transforming various non-management fields and, in so doing, creating exciting interfaces for bridging between management and related disciplines.
Posted in Business & Economics

What's Happening in the Mathematical Sciences

Author: Barry Cipra

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 9780821889985

Category: Science

Page: 51

View: 815

After rave reviews for last year's issue of What's Happening, volume 2 has been eagerly awaited. Very well written, '' said one reader of volume 1. The writing is brilliant, positively brilliant.'' A terrific publication, '' said another. This is a wonderful tool for showing people what mathematics is about and what mathematicians can do.'' One reader called it a must for all mathematics department reading and coffee lounges.'' Volume 2 of What's Happening features the same lively writing and all new topics. Here you can read about a new class of solitons, the contributions wavelets are making to solving scientific problems, how mathematics is improving medical imaging, and Andrew Wiles's acclaimed work on Fermat's Last Theorem. What's Happening is great for mathematics undergraduates, graduate students, and mathematics clubs---not to mention mathematics faculty, who will enjoy reading about recent developments in fields other than their own. Highlighting the excitement and wonder of mathematics, What's Happening is in a class by itself.
Posted in Science