Pioneers in Canadian Criminology

Author: John Winterdyk

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781772440614

Category: Social Science

Page: 308

View: 6270

This unique book, edited by John Winterdyk of Mount Royal University, includes insightful profiles and first-person accounts of the men and women who have shaped Canadian criminology and criminal justice from colonial times to the present. Intriguing memoirs by Patricia L. Brantingham and Paul J. Brantingham, Ezzat Fattah, ArlEne Gaudreault, Jim Hackler, Marc Le Blanc, Irvin Waller, Jo-Anne Wemmers provide a ringside seat to the evolution of criminology and related disciplines and sub-disciplines, including criminal justice, victimology, and the study of corrections and policing. In addition, the contributions of numerous other pioneers are also profiled in contributions by respected scholars; these include such giants of the field as Jean-Paul Brodeur, Anthony Doob, Richard Ericson, Tadeusz Grygier, Gwynne Nettler, AndrE Normandeau, Dennis Szabo, and many others. Adding further value and interest are four thematic chapters: Ritesh Dalip Narayan discusses pioneers of the Canadian legal system, Joshua Murphy and Curt Taylor Griffiths examine key contributors to the study and practice of policing, Rick Ruddell provides an overview of important figures in corrections, while Steven Kohm and Michael Weinrath consider the development and proliferation of programs in criminology and criminal justice at the post-secondary level. Lisa Monchalin has contributed an insightful foreword to this ground-breaking volume, which promises to be of interest to students, scholars, and practitioners alike. Edited by John Winterdyk. Foreword by Lisa Monchalin. With contributions by Steven Kohm and Michael Weinrath - FranCois Fenchel - Ezzat A. Fattah - BenoIt Dupont - Marc Le Blanc - Jo-Anne Wemmers - Jim Hackler - Kevin D. Haggerty, Aaron Doyle and Janet Chan - Irvin Waller - Patricia L. Brantingham and Paul J. Brantingham - ArlEne Gaudreault - Ritesh Dalip Narayan - Joshua Murphy and Curt Taylor Griffiths - Rick Ruddell "As academic disciplines, Canadian criminology and criminal justice have a rich and varied albeit compara-tively short history. It was just over 50 years ago that the first criminol-ogy program was established at the UniversitE de MontrEal. Aside from a growing number of tributes occasioned by the passing of key academics and practitioners in the field and the odd Festschrift (a publication honouring an academic scholar, presented during his or her lifetime), until now we have no consoli-dated account of the legacy of the pio-neers who have helped forge these disci-plines." --from the Introduction by John Winterdyk "Fills a knowledge void for both students and most scholars. These pioneers have influenced several generations of research and criminal justice policy not only in Canada but also globally. Their scholarship continues to inspire. A wonderful contribution to the field." --Ray Corrado, Simon Fraser University "The pioneers represented in this volume clearly articulate the significance of their contributions within the theoretical, practical and policy-oriented realms, as well as their tireless efforts to bring criminological inquiry to students. This very accessible book should inspire current scholars and students alike to further the contributions already made by Canadians." --Nick Jones, University of Regina
Posted in Social Science

Pioneers in criminology

Author: Hermann Mannheim

Publisher: Patterson Smith

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 505

View: 5869

Posted in Social Science

The Colonial Problem

An Indigenous Perspective on Crime and Injustice in Canada

Author: Lisa Monchalin

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442606649

Category: Social Science

Page: 448

View: 3360

Indigenous peoples are vastly overrepresented in the Canadian criminal justice system. The Canadian government has framed this disproportionate victimization and criminalization as being an "Indian problem." In The Colonial Problem, Lisa Monchalin challenges the myth of the "Indian problem" and encourages readers to view the crimes and injustices affecting Indigenous peoples from a more culturally aware position. She analyzes the consequences of assimilation policies, dishonoured treaty agreements, manipulative legislation, and systematic racism, arguing that the overrepresentation of Indigenous peoples in the Canadian criminal justice system is not an Indian problem but a colonial one.
Posted in Social Science

Canadian Criminology

Author: John Winterdyk

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780199001460

Category: Crime

Page: 448

View: 6776

Taking a grounded, real-world approach, the third edition of Canadian Criminology draws on a wealth of research, engaging case studies, and updated Canadian statistics to provide a clear overview of the field today. By starting with a foundation of history, methods, and public perception ofcrime; moving on to classical, biological, psychological, and sociological theory; then covering specific crime typologies; before ending with a look to the future of the discipline, Canadian Criminology anchors students in the discipline while providing engaging examples and data that bring thetheory to life and help them to understand how to apply their knowledge to criminology in the field. Thoroughly revised with new material in every chapter, including new case studies, statistics, discussions of current and controversial topics - such as Bill C-10 (the "omnibus crime bill"), the federal Victim's Bill of Rights, and prostitution legislation - and an entirely new chapter on emergingcrime trends such as bullying, cybercrime, and transnational crimes, the new edition is up-to-date and interesting for students. With an expanded art program and a brand new suite of ancillaries, Canadian Criminology is an accessible and entertaining introduction to the discipline.
Posted in Crime

Youth at Risk and Youth Justice

A Canadian Overview

Author: Russell Charles Smandych,John Winterdyk

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780199018215

Category: Juvenile delinquency

Page: 480

View: 6958

Youth at Risk and Youth Justice offers an engaging and relevant introduction to youth crime and deviance in Canada. Written by experts from across the country to offer a range of perspectives on the patterns, theories, and emerging topics related to youth justice, this text blends empiricalresearch with critical analysis, while incorporating youth voices throughout.
Posted in Juvenile delinquency

Handbook of Critical Criminology

Author: Walter S. DeKeseredy,Molly Dragiewicz

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135192804

Category: Social Science

Page: 552

View: 9518

The Routledge Handbook of Critical Criminology explores the most-up-to-date empirical, theoretical, and political contributions made by critical criminologists around the world. In addition to including cutting edge, original contributions made by many leading experts in the field, this book is specifically designed to be a comprehensive resource for students, faculty, policy makers, and practitioners.
Posted in Social Science

Pioneers in Public Health

Lessons from History

Author: Jill Stewart

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1351671499

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 144

View: 4183

The public health movement involved numerous individuals who made the case for change and put new practices into place. However despite a growing interest in how we understand history to inform current evidence-based practice, there is no book focusing on our progressive pioneers in public health and environmental health. This book seeks to fill that gap. It examines carefully selected public and environmental health pioneers who made a real difference to the UK’s health, some with international influence. Many of these pioneers were criticised in their life-times, yet they had the strength of character to know what they were doing was fundamentally right and persevered, often against many odds. Including chapters on: Thomas Fresh John Snow Duncan of Liverpool Margaret McMillan George Cadbury Christopher Addison Margery Spring Rice and others.? This book will help readers place pioneers in a wider context and to make more sense of their academic and practitioner work today; how evidence (and what was historically understood by it) underpins modern day practice; and how these visionary pioneers developed their ideas into practice, some not fully appreciated until after their own deaths. Pioneers in Public Health sets the tone for a renewed focus on research into evidence-based public and environmental health, which has become subject of growing international interest in recent years.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Colonial Systems of Control

Criminal Justice in Nigeria

Author: Viviane Saleh-Hanna

Publisher: University of Ottawa Press

ISBN: 0776618237

Category: Social Science

Page: 534

View: 9066

A pioneering book on prisons in West Africa, Colonial Systems of Control: Criminal Justice in Nigeria is the first comprehensive presentation of life inside a West African prison. Chapters by prisoners inside Kirikiri maximum security prison in Lagos, Nigeria are published alongside chapters by scholars and activists. While prisoners document the daily realities and struggles of life inside a Nigerian prison, scholar and human rights activist Viviane Saleh-Hanna provides historical, political, and academic contexts and analyses of the penal system in Nigeria. The European penal models and institutions imported to Nigeria during colonialism are exposed as intrinsically incoherent with the community-based conflict-resolution principles of most African social structures and justice models. This book presents the realities of imprisonment in Nigeria while contextualizing the colonial legacies that have resulted in the inhumane brutalities that are endured on a daily basis. Keywords: Nigeria, West Africa, penal system, maximum-security prison
Posted in Social Science

The Development of Criminal and Antisocial Behavior

Theory, Research and Practical Applications

Author: Julien Morizot,Lila Kazemian

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319087207

Category: Social Science

Page: 564

View: 9352

This edited book summarizes the current state of knowledge on the development of criminal and antisocial behavior over the life course. It focuses mainly on the developmental perspective, which has had a paradigmatic influence on current theoretical and empirical works in criminology. With a multidisciplinary perspective, the book reviews: (a) the fundamental concepts of developmental criminology; (b) the risk factors and developmental processes related to the most salient personal (e.g., genetics, personality) and environmental (e.g., family, peers, school) domains explaining the development of criminal and antisocial behavior; (c) the developmental issues related to a number a special themes (e.g., women criminality, street gangs) and (d) the applied and policy implications of research in developmental criminology. In each chapter, prominent researchers from different disciplines such as criminology and psychology summarize the state of knowledge on a specific topic, identify the shortcomings of past research, offer recommendations for future research needs.
Posted in Social Science

Arming and Disarming

A History of Gun Control in Canada

Author: R. Blake Brown,The Osgoode Society

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442665602

Category: Law

Page: 376

View: 3246

From the École Polytechnique shootings of 1989 to the political controversy surrounding the elimination of the federal long-gun registry, the issue of gun control has been a subject of fierce debate in Canada. But in fact, firearm regulation has been a sharply contested issue in the country since Confederation. Arming and Disarming offers the first comprehensive history of gun control in Canada from the colonial period to the present. In this sweeping, immersive book, R. Blake Brown outlines efforts to regulate the use of guns by young people, punish the misuse of arms, impose licensing regimes, and create firearm registries. Brown also challenges many popular assumptions about Canadian history, suggesting that gun ownership was far from universal during much of the colonial period, and that many nineteenth century lawyers – including John A. Macdonald – believed in a limited right to bear arms. Arming and Disarming provides a careful exploration of how social, economic, cultural, legal, and constitutional concerns shaped gun legislation and its implementation, as well as how these factors defined Canada’s historical and contemporary ‘gun culture.’
Posted in Law

Queer Criminology

Author: Carrie Buist,Emily Lenning

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 131758094X

Category: Social Science

Page: 144

View: 5499

Winner of the 2016 Book Award from the American Society of Criminology, Division of Critical Criminology. In this book, Carrie L. Buist and Emily Lenning reflect on the origins of Queer Criminology, survey the foundational research and scholarship in this emerging field, and offer suggestions for the future. Covering topics such as the criminalization of queerness; the policing of Queer communities; Queer experiences in the courtroom; and the correctional control of Queer people, Queer Criminology synthesizes the work of criminologists, journalists, legal scholars, non-governmental organizations, and others to illuminate the historical and contemporary context of the Queer experience. Queer Criminology offers examples of the grave injustices that Queer people face around the world, particularly in places such as Russia, Kyrgyzstan, England, India, Thailand, Nigeria, and the United States. These injustices include, but are not limited to, selective enforcement, coerced confessions, disproportionate sentencing, rape, extortion, denial of due process, forced isolation, corporal punishment, and death. By highlighting a pattern of discriminatory, disproportionate, and abusive treatment of Queer people by the criminal legal system, this book demonstrates the importance of developing a criminology that critiques the heteronormative systems that serve to oppress Queer people around the world. Buist and Lenning argue that criminology is incomplete without a thorough recognition and understanding of these Queer experiences. Therefore, Queer Criminology is a vital contribution to the growing body of literature exploring the Queer experience, and should be considered a necessary tool for students, scholars, and practitioners alike who are seeking a more just criminal legal system.
Posted in Social Science

Critical Criminology in Canada

New Voices, New Directions

Author: Aaron Doyle

Publisher: UBC Press

ISBN: 0774818360

Category: Social Science

Page: 336

View: 2582

This book presents the work of a new generation of critical criminologists who explore the geographical, institutional, and political contexts of the discipline in Canada. Breaking away from mainstream criminology and law-and-order discourses, the authors offer a spectrum of theoretical approaches to criminal justice -- from governmentality to feminist criminology, from critical realism to anarchism � and they propose novel approaches to topics ranging from genocide to white-collar crime. By posing crucial questions and attempting to define what criminology should be, this book will shape debates about crime, policing, and punishment for years to come.
Posted in Social Science

Realist Criminology

Author: R. Matthews

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137445718

Category: Social Science

Page: 179

View: 3689

This book challenges contemporary criminological thinking, providing a thorough critique of mainstream criminology, including both liberal criminology and administrative criminology. It sets a new agenda for theoretical and practical engagement, and for creating a more effective and just criminal justice system.
Posted in Social Science

Criminological Thought

Pioneers Past and Present

Author: Robert J. Mutchnick,W. Timothy Austin,Randy Martin

Publisher: Pearson College Division

ISBN: 9780131190467

Category: Social Science

Page: 365

View: 7921

Offering an extensive look into the lives and times of fifteen notable crime theorists, Criminological Thought: Pioneers Past and Present examines the people who have helped shape the discipline. Features fifteen criminological pioneers. Includes a systematic approach that focuses on one thinker per chapter. Offers an innovative work that places the theoretical perspective within a historical context.
Posted in Social Science

The Criminology of Edwin Sutherland

Author: John F. Galliher

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9781412836401

Category: Social Science

Page: 184

View: 5299

Edwin Sutherland is the acknowledged father of American criminology. This is the first full-length analysis of his work and his person. Unlike the European schools of criminology, which sought to locate deviant behavior within the deep structures of the economy, Sutherland eschewed such explanations in favor of proximate and observable causes. He located the sources of crime in the association and interaction of specific groups of people. For Sutherland, crime as a way of life results from an individual's attachment to criminals for whom criminal acts are a measure of success no less than a way of life. In a series of publications, Sutherland expanded the horizons of the classic "Chicago School" of interactionists, and in the process founded criminology as a separate area of research while locating it firmly within sociology. As the authors show, Sutherland's work was inspired by strong moral concerns and a sense of the needs of society for social order without falling prey to either blaming the victim or pandering to sentiment about the joys of criminal life. In this sense, he is a model of the sociological tradition long deserving of the biography acknowledging his role as a master and pioneer. Yet Gaylord and Galliher have written more than an intellectual biography. They take seriously the need to fit Sutherland and his "theory of differential association" into a social and historical context. They are also aware and critically straightforward about the limitations of Sutherland's work in criminology, but place both his achievements and their limitations in a fully developed analytical context.
Posted in Social Science

The Handbook of the History and Philosophy of Criminology

Author: Ruth Ann Triplett

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119011353

Category: Social Science

Page: 488

View: 5244

"This book provides students, scholars, and criminologists with a truly a global perspective on the theory and practice of criminology throughout the centuries and around the world. In addition to chapters devoted to the key ideas, thinkers, and moments in the intellectual and philosophical history of criminology, it features in-depth coverage of the organizational structure of criminology as an academic discipline world-wide"--
Posted in Social Science

Criminal Justice and Regulation Revisited

Essays in Honour of Peter Grabosky

Author: Lennon Y.C. Chang,Russell Brewer

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351702637

Category: Social Science

Page: 220

View: 1811

This volume brings together leading researchers to celebrate the significant contributions of Peter Grabosky to the field of Criminology, and in particular his work developing and adapting regulatory theory to the study of policing and security. Over the past three decades, his path-breaking theoretical and empirical research has contributed to a burgeoning literature on the myriad ways regulatory systems drive state and non-state interactions in an effort to control crime. This collection of essays showcases Grabosky’s pioneering treatment of key regulatory concepts as they relate to such interactions, and illustrate how his work has been instrumental in shaping contemporary scholarship and practice around the governance of security. Revisiting the work of a key figure in the field, this book will be of interest to criminologists, sociologists, socio-legal studies and those engaged with security and policy studies.
Posted in Social Science

Pioneering African-American Women in the Advertising Business

Biographies of MAD Black WOMEN

Author: Judy Foster Davis

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1317421671

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 236

View: 2966

Much has been written about the men and women who shaped the field of advertising, some of whom became legends in the industry. However, the contributions of African-American women to the advertising business have largely been omitted from these accounts. Yet, evidence reveals some trailblazing African-American women who launched their careers during the 1960s Mad Men era, and went on to achieve prominent careers. This unique book chronicles the nature and significance of these women’s accomplishments, examines the opportunities and challenges they experienced and explores how they coped with the extensive inequities common in the advertising profession. Using a biographical narrative approach, this book examines the careers of these important African-American women who not only achieved managerial positions in major mainstream advertising agencies but also established successful agencies bearing their own names. Based on their words and memories, this study reveals experiences which are intriguing, triumphant, bittersweet and sometimes tragic. These women’s stories comprise a vital part of the historical narrative on women and African-Americans in advertising and will be instructive not only to scholars of advertising and marketing history but to future generations of advertising professionals.
Posted in Business & Economics

A Criminological Imagination

"Essays on Justice, Punishment, Discourse "

Author: Pat Carlen

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351578103

Category: Social Science

Page: 402

View: 7219

A Criminological Imagination contains a selection of key articles from Pat Carlen's research studies of magistrates' courts and women's imprisonment together with a range of other articles on social control, discourse analysis, ideology, punishment, criminology and critique. They are all informed by an assumption that while criminal justice must remain imaginary in societies based upon unequal and exploitative social relations, one task of a criminological imagination might be to suggest why this is so, and how things could be otherwise. This is an invaluable collection for anyone interested in crime, justice and injustice and the social, political and academic contexts in which knowledge of them is constructed.
Posted in Social Science

The Routledge International Handbook of Rural Criminology

Author: Joseph F Donnermeyer

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317628519

Category: Social Science

Page: 464

View: 2469

49% of the world’s population lives in small towns, villages and farms, yet until recent years criminological scholarship has focused almost exclusively on urban crimes. The Routledge International Handbook of Rural Criminology is the first major publication to bring together this growing body of scholarship under a single cover. For many years rural criminology has remained marginalized and often excluded from the mainstream, with precedence given to urban criminology: this volume intends to address that imbalance. Pioneering in scope, this book brings together leading international scholars from fourteen different countries to offer an authoritative synthesis of theoretical and empirical literature. This handbook is divided in to seven parts, each addressing a different aspect of rural criminology: Rurality and crime Criminological dimensions of food and agriculture Violence and rurality Drug use, production and trafficking in the rural context Intersections between rural and green criminology Policing, justice and rurality Teaching rural criminology Edited by a world renowned scholar of rural criminology, this book explores rural crime issues in over thirty-five countries including Japan, Sweden, Brazil, Australia, Tanzania, the US, and the UK. This is the first Handbook dedicated to rural criminology and is an essential resource for criminologists, sociologists and social geographers engaged with rural studies and crime.
Posted in Social Science