Picturing Russia

Explorations in Visual Culture

Author: Valerie Ann Kivelson,Joan Neuberger

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 0300119615

Category: Art

Page: 284

View: 4083

What can Russian images and objects—a tsar’s crown, a provincial watercolor album, the Soviet Pioneer Palace—tell us about the Russian people and their culture? This wide-ranging book is the first to explore the visual culture of Russia over the entire span of Russian history, from ancient Kiev to contemporary, post-Soviet society. Illustrated with more than one hundred diverse and fascinating images, the book examines the ways that Russians have represented themselves visually, understood their visual environment, and used visual images in social and political contexts. Expert contributors discuss images and objects from all over the Russian/Soviet empire, including consumer goods, architectural monuments, religious icons, portraits, news and art photography, popular prints, films, folk art, and more. Each of the concise and accessible essays in the volume offers a fresh interpretation of Russian cultural history. Putting visuality itself in focus as never before, Picturing Russia adds an entirely new dimension to the study of Russian literature, history, art, and culture. The book enriches our understanding of visual documents and shows the variety of ways they serve as far more than mere illustration.
Posted in Art

Picturing Russia

A Research Guide to Russian Culture

Author: Alla Kourova

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781524906252

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 6701

Picturing Russia: A Research Guide to Russian Culture
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Den Jazz sowjetisch machen

Kulturelle Leitbilder, Musikmarkt und Distinktion zwischen 1953 und 1970

Author: Michel Abeßer

Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht

ISBN: 3412501190

Category: History

Page: 532

View: 4338

Seit Beginn des Kalten Krieges galt der Jazz in der Sowjetunion tendenziell als politisch subversiv. Sein Erfolg unter Jugendlichen nach 1953 wird als Resultat des Reizes westlicher Kultur verstanden, der die Sowjetunion nichts entgegenzusetzen hatte. Die vorliegende Studie zeigt, dass dieser kulturelle Wandel vielmehr aus der Binnenlogik des sowjetischen Systems resultierte und die gesamte Gesellschaft einschloss. Auf dem sowjetischen Musikmarkt rang das Regime mit einer florierenden Schattenwirtschaft um kulturelle Hoheit und Hörergunst. Dieser Aushandlungsprozess machte Jazz als U-Musik zum erfolgreichen Angebot an die sowjetische Mittelklasse. Die zukünftige technische Elite wiederum machte Jazz als E-Musik unter dem Dach des Komsomol nicht durch ihre Musik, sondern durch die sozialen Praktiken seiner Inszenierung sowjetisch.
Posted in History

Geschichte Russlands

Vom Mittelalter bis zur Oktoberrevolution

Author: Manfred Hildermeier

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 3406645526

Category: History

Page: 1504

View: 8709

Von den dunklen Anfängen in der Kiever und der mongolischen Epoche führt dieses Buch uns in das Zeitalter Iwans des Schrecklichen, das Jahrhundert Peters des Großen und durch das 18. und 19. Jahrhundert bis zum Untergang des Zarenreiches. Souverän die internationale Forschung beherrschend, gekonnt in der Darstellung, differenziert in seinen Interpretationen bietet Manfred Hildermeier eine Gesamtgeschichte Russlands, die sich einreiht in den Kreis der großen Gesamtdarstellungen der letzten Jahrzehnte. Nach seiner großen Geschichte der Sowjetunion, die 1998 erschien und als Standardwerk gilt, legt der renommierte Historiker Manfred Hildermeier nun eine Gesamtdarstellung der Russischen Geschichte vor, die im Mittelalter einsetzt und dort endet, wo der vorangegangene Band beginnt. Politik und Herrschaftsordnung, soziale Verfassung, Wirtschaft, Industrie und Handel sowie die materielle und geistige Kultur bilden dabei die zentralen Achsen. Der rote Faden des Werkes ist das Verhältnis zu Europa, aus dem sich auch die klare These ergibt: Vor Ausbruch des Weltkriegs gehörte Russland so eng zu Europa wie nie zuvor. Erst die Sowjetunion hat dies geändert – und ihr Zusammenbruch die alte Schicksalsfrage Russlands wieder auf die Tagesordnung gesetzt.
Posted in History

Unerhörte Subjekte

Die Wahrnehmung sexueller Gewalt in Russland 1880-1910

Author: Alexandra Oberländer

Publisher: Campus Verlag

ISBN: 3593399571

Category: History

Page: 359

View: 6960

Sexuelle Gewalt, so wie sie heute verstanden wird, hat es keineswegs schon immer gegeben; sie ist vielmehr ein historisches und damit ein wandelbares Phänomen. Wie sexuelle Gewalt zu dem wurde, was sie heute in der Regel ist - nämlich ultimative Grenzüberschreitung -, erklärt dieses Buch am Beispiel des ausgehenden Zarenreichs. Anhand von Gerichtsakten, Romanen, forensischen Gutachten und Artikeln aus der Boulevardpresse entwirft die Autorin ein lebendiges Panorama der städtischen Gesellschaft Russlands um 1900. Das mikrogeschichtlich orientierte Buch analysiert moderne Entwicklungen der Wahrnehmung sexueller Gewalt, etwa die Entstehung des "pädophilen Typus", aber auch russische Besonderheiten, zum Beispiel die "Epidemie " sexueller Gewalt, die das Zarenreich um 1905 in Atem hielt.
Posted in History

The Russian Empire 1450-1801

Author: Nancy Shields Kollmann

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199280517

Category:

Page: 496

View: 9256

Modern Russian identity and historical experience has been largely shaped by Russia's imperial past: an empire that was founded in the early modern era and endures in large part today. The Russian Empire 1450-1801 surveys how the areas that made up the empire were conquered and how they were governed. It considers the Russian empire a 'Eurasian empire', characterized by a 'politics of difference': the rulers and their elites at the center defined the state's needs minimally - with control over defense, criminal law, taxation, and mobilization of resources - and otherwise tolerated local religions, languages, cultures, elites, and institutions. The center related to communities and religions vertically, according each a modicum of rights and autonomies, but didn't allow horizontal connections across nobilities, townsmen, or other groups potentially with common interests to coalesce. Thus, the Russian empire was multi-ethnic and multi-religious; Nancy Kollmann gives detailed attention to the major ethnic and religious groups, and surveys the government's strategies of governance - centralized bureaucracy, military reform, and a changed judicial system. The volume pays particular attention to the dissemination of a supranational ideology of political legitimacy in a variety of media - written sources and primarily public ritual, painting, and particularly architecture. Beginning with foundational features, such as geography, climate, demography, and geopolitical situation, The Russian Empire 1450-1801 explores the empire's primarily agrarian economy, serfdom, towns and trade, as well as the many religious groups - primarily Orthodoxy, Islam, and Buddhism. It tracks the emergence of an 'Imperial nobility' and a national self-consciousness that was, by the end of the eighteenth century, distinctly imperial, embracing the diversity of the empire's many peoples and cultures.
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Open Letters

Russian Popular Culture and the Picture Postcard 1880-1922

Author: Alison Rowley

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442667168

Category: History

Page: 336

View: 1634

During the fin-de-siècle and early revolutionary eras, picture postcards were an important medium of communication for Russians of all backgrounds. In Open Letters, the most comprehensive study of Russian picture postcards to date, Alison Rowley uses this medium to explore a variety of aspects of Russian popular culture. The book is lavishly illustrated with more than 130 images, most of which have never been published before. Through her examinations of postcards, Rowley addresses a diverse range of topics: how landscape postcards conveyed notions of imperialism; the role of postcards in the rise of celebrity culture; depictions of the body on erotic and pornographic postcards; how postcards were employed to promote differing interpretations of the First World War; and the use of postcards by revolutionary groups seeking to overthrow the Tsarist government. Rowley determines the extent to which Russia was embedded in Europe-wide cultural trends by situating the Russian case within a larger European context.
Posted in History

Personality and Place in Russian Culture

Essays in Memory of Lindsey Hughes

Author: Simon Dixon

Publisher: MHRA

ISBN: 1907322035

Category: History

Page: 435

View: 3015

Lindsey Hughes (1949-2007) made her reputation as one of the foremost historians of the age of Peter the Great by revealing the more freakish aspects of the tsar's complex mind and reconstructing the various physical environments in which he lived. Contributors to Personality and Place in Russian Culture were encouraged to develop any of the approaches featured in Hughes's work: pointillist and panoramic, playful and morbid, quotidian and bizarre. The result is a rich and original collection, ranging from the sixteenth century to the present day, in which a group of leading international scholars explore the role of the individual in Russian culture, the myriad variety of individual lives, and the changing meanings invested in particular places. The editor, Simon Dixon, is Sir Bernard Pares Professor of Russian History at UCL School of Slavonic and East European Studies.
Posted in History

Mapping Europe's Borderlands

Russian Cartography in the Age of Empire

Author: Steven Seegel

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226744272

Category: History

Page: 384

View: 8684

The simplest purpose of a map is a rational one: to educate, to solve a problem, to point someone in the right direction. Maps shape and communicate information, for the sake of improved orientation. But maps exist for states as well as individuals, and they need to be interpreted as expressions of power and knowledge, as Steven Seegel makes clear in his impressive and important new book. Mapping Europe’s Borderlands takes the familiar problems of state and nation building in eastern Europe and presents them through an entirely new prism, that of cartography and cartographers. Drawing from sources in eleven languages, including military, historical-pedagogical, and ethnographic maps, as well as geographic texts and related cartographic literature, Seegel explores the role of maps and mapmakers in the East Central European borderlands from the Enlightenment to the Treaty of Versailles. For example, Seegel explains how Russia used cartography in the aftermath of the Napoleonic Wars and, later, formed its geography society as a cover for gathering intelligence. He also explains the importance of maps to the formation of identities and institutions in Poland, Ukraine, and Lithuania, as well as in Russia. Seegel concludes with a consideration of the impact of cartographers’ regional and socioeconomic backgrounds, educations, families, career options, and available language choices.
Posted in History

Religious Internationals in the Modern World

Globalization and Faith Communities since 1750

Author: A. Green,V. Viaene

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137031719

Category: Religion

Page: 383

View: 5777

Tracing the emergence of 'Religious Internationals' as a distinctive new phenomenon in world history, this book transforms our understanding of the role of religion in our modern world. Through in-depth studies comparing the experiences of Buddhists, Christians, Hindus, Jews and Muslims, leading experts shed new light on 'global civil society'.
Posted in Religion

The Oxford Handbook of Witchcraft in Early Modern Europe and Colonial America

Author: Brian P. Levack

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191648841

Category: History

Page: 646

View: 917

The essays in this Handbook, written by leading scholars working in the rapidly developing field of witchcraft studies, explore the historical literature regarding witch beliefs and witch trials in Europe and colonial America between the early fifteenth and early eighteenth centuries. During these years witches were thought to be evil people who used magical power to inflict physical harm or misfortune on their neighbours. Witches were also believed to have made pacts with the devil and sometimes to have worshipped him at nocturnal assemblies known as sabbaths. These beliefs provided the basis for defining witchcraft as a secular and ecclesiastical crime and prosecuting tens of thousands of women and men for this offence. The trials resulted in as many as fifty thousand executions. These essays study the rise and fall of witchcraft prosecutions in the various kingdoms and territories of Europe and in English, Spanish, and Portuguese colonies in the Americas. They also relate these prosecutions to the Catholic and Protestant reformations, the introduction of new forms of criminal procedure, medical and scientific thought, the process of state-building, profound social and economic change, early modern patterns of gender relations, and the wave of demonic possessions that occurred in Europe at the same time. The essays survey the current state of knowledge in the field, explore the academic controversies that have arisen regarding witch beliefs and witch trials, propose new ways of studying the subject, and identify areas for future research.
Posted in History

Das Historisch-politische Buch

ein Wegweiser durch das Schrifttum

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Books

Page: N.A

View: 7618

Posted in Books

Desperate Magic

The Moral Economy of Witchcraft in Seventeenth-Century Russia

Author: Valerie Kivelson

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 0801469376

Category: History

Page: 328

View: 9040

In the courtrooms of seventeenth-century Russia, the great majority of those accused of witchcraft were male, in sharp contrast to the profile of accused witches across Catholic and Protestant Europe in the same period. While European courts targeted and executed overwhelmingly female suspects, often on charges of compacting with the devil, the tsars' courts vigorously pursued men and some women accused of practicing more down-to-earth magic, using poetic spells and home-grown potions. Instead of Satanism or heresy, the primary concern in witchcraft testimony in Russia involved efforts to use magic to subvert, mitigate, or avenge the harsh conditions of patriarchy, serfdom, and social hierarchy. Broadly comparative and richly illustrated with color plates, Desperate Magic places the trials of witches in the context of early modern Russian law, religion, and society. Piecing together evidence from trial records to illuminate some of the central puzzles of Muscovite history, Kivelson explores the interplay among the testimony of accusers, the leading questions of the interrogators, and the confessions of the accused. Assembled, they create a picture of a shared moral vision of the world that crossed social divides. Because of the routine use of torture in extracting and shaping confessions, Kivelson addresses methodological and ideological questions about the Muscovite courts’ equation of pain and truth, questions with continuing resonance in the world today. Within a moral economy that paired unquestioned hierarchical inequities with expectations of reciprocity, magic and suspicions of magic emerged where those expectations were most egregiously violated. Witchcraft in Russia surfaces as one of the ways that oppression was contested by ordinary people scrambling to survive in a fiercely inequitable world. Masters and slaves, husbands and wives, and officers and soldiers alike believed there should be limits to exploitation and saw magic deployed at the junctures where hierarchical order veered into violent excess.
Posted in History

Information and Empire

Mechanisms of Communication in Russia, 1600-1854

Author: Simon Franklin,Katherine Bowers

Publisher: Open Book Publishers

ISBN: 178374376X

Category: History

Page: 444

View: 5494

From the mid-sixteenth to the mid-nineteenth century Russia was transformed from a moderate-sized, land-locked principality into the largest empire on earth. How did systems of information and communication shape and reflect this extraordinary change? Information and Mechanisms of Communication in Russia, 1600-1850 brings together a range of contributions to shed some light on this complex question. Communication networks such as the postal service and the gathering and circulation of news are examined alongside the growth of a bureaucratic apparatus that informed the government about its country and its people. The inscription of space is considered from the point of view of mapping and the changing public ‘graphosphere’ of signs and monuments. More than a series of institutional histories, this book is concerned with the way Russia discovered itself, envisioned itself and represented itself to its people. Innovative and scholarly, this collection breaks new ground in its approach to communication and information as a field of study in Russia. More broadly, it is an accessible contribution to pre-modern information studies, taking as its basis a country whose history often serves to challenge habitual Western models of development. It is important reading not only for specialists in Russian Studies, but also for students and non-Russianists who are interested in the history of information and communications.
Posted in History

Schlüsseljahre

zentrale Konstellationen der mittel- und osteuropäischen Geschichte : Festschrift für Helmut Altrichter zum 65. Geburtstag

Author: Matthias Stadelmann,Lilia Antipow

Publisher: Franz Steiner Verlag Wiesbaden gmbh

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 512

View: 895

English summary: Helmut Altrichter, professor of East European history at the University of Erlangen-Nuremberg, is one of the eminent historians of Eastern Europe in Germany. Focused on the Soviet Union, but with an open mind towards all of Eastern Europe and always interested in a comparison to Central and Western Europe, Altrichter's recent oeuvre is dedicated to dramatic situations of historical change from a political, social, and cultural historical perspective. On this basis, and in honor of Altrichter's 65th birthday, the editors have asked renowned colleagues of the honored to present one particularly momentous historical event from their perspective. The result is a varied collection of innovatively designed essays on key years of Central and Eastern European history, ranging from the religious freedom of 1555, the end of the Old Empire in 1806, the accession of Spain into the EC in 1986, the key year of 1478 for old Russian, the revolutions of 1905 and 1917, to the time of perestroika in 1989. German text. German description: Helmut Altrichter, Ordinarius fuer Osteuropaische Geschichte an der Universitat Erlangen-Nuernberg, zahlt zu den eminenten Osteuropahistorikern im deutschsprachigen Raum. Auf Russland und die Sowjetunion konzentriert, ganz Osteuropa gegenueber aufgeschlossen, am Vergleich mit Mittel- und Westeuropa stets interessiert, hat sich Altrichter in seinem bisherigen Oeuvre - bei politik-, sozial- und kulturgeschichtlicher Breite - stets einschneidenden Situationen historischen Wandels gewidmet.Hiervon ausgehend haben die Herausgeber zu Altrichters 65. Geburtstag namhafte Kollegen des Jubilars gebeten, jeweils eine besonders folgenreiche historische Konstellation aus ihrer Perspektive vorzustellen. Entstanden ist eine abwechslungsreiche Sammlung an innovativ konzipierten Essays zu entscheidenden aSchluesseljahren der mittel- und osteuropaischen Geschichte - vom Religionsfrieden 1555 ueber das Ende des aAlten Reiches 1806 bis zum Beitritt Spaniens in die EG 1986, vom altrussischen Schluesseljahr 1478 ueber die Revolutionen von 1905 und 1917 bis zur Zeit der Perestrojka 1989.
Posted in History

Cartographies of Tsardom

The Land and Its Meanings in Seventeenth-century Russia

Author: Valerie Ann Kivelson

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 9780801472534

Category: History

Page: 263

View: 3343

By studying 17th century maps Kivelson sheds light on Muscovite Russia - the relationship of state and society, the growth of an empire, the rise of serfdom and the place of Orthodox Christianity in society.
Posted in History

(2009)

Author: K. G. Saur Verlag GmbH & Company

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783598694523

Category:

Page: 2563

View: 1427

The IBR, published again since 1971 as an interdisciplinary, international bibliography of reviews, offers book reviews of literature dealing primarily with the humanities and social sciences published in 6,000 mainly European scholarly journals. This unique bibliography contains over 1.2 millions book reviews. 60,000 entries are added every year with details on the work reviewed and the review.
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Language and Culture in Eighteenth-century Russia

Author: V. M. Zhivov

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 506

View: 6816

One of the most important studies ever published on eighteenth-century Russia, Victor Zhivovs Language and Culture in Eighteenth-Century Russia now brings an essential work on the genesis of modern Russian culture to a wider, English-speaking audience. Historians and students of Russian culture agree that the creation of a Russian literary language was key to the formation of a modern secular culture, and Zhivovs book traces the growth of a vernacular language from the hybrid Slavonic of the late seventeenth century through the debates between archaists and innovators of the early nineteenth century. An essential addition to the library of any Russian scholar.
Posted in Foreign Language Study

Inter-republican Co-operation of the Russian Republic

Author: Anwara Begum

Publisher: Dartmouth Publishing Company

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 159

View: 837

This work documents the inter-governmental relations between Russia and its newly independent neighbours from the early 1990's - highlighting these relations over the fragmentation of the USSR, and focusing on Russia's identification with the separatist nations that had once been a part of it.
Posted in History