This work examines what it means to be a philosopher and attacks the sterility of modern philosophy. Part One explores the nature and scope of philosophy and its relation to social and economic development. Part Two considers other forms of thought: science, art, literature and music.
Author: Gilles Deleuze,Félix Guattari
Publisher: Rex Bookstore, Inc.
Author: Georg Meggle,Andreas Mundt
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
Here, Morton White presents the first synoptic view of the major philosophical ideas in The Federalist. Using the tools of philosophy and intellectual history, White extracts and examines the interlocking theory of knowledge, doctrine of normative ethics, psychology of motivation, and even metaphysics and theology, all of which were used in different degrees by the founding fathers in defense of the Constitution.
Author: Morton White
Publisher: Oxford University Press
This bestselling dictionary is written by one of the leading philosophers of our time, and it is widely recognized as the best dictionary of its kind. Comprehensive and authoritative, it covers every aspect of philosophy from Aristotle to Zen. With clear and concise definitions, it provides lively and accessible coverage of not only Western philosophical traditions, but also themes from Chinese, Indian, Islamic, and Jewish philosophy. Entries include over 400 biographies of famous and influential philosophers, in-depth analysis of philosophical terms and concepts, and a chronology of philosophical events stretching from 10,000 BC to the present day. New entries on philosophy of economics, social theory, neuroscience, philosophy of the mind, and moral conceptions bring the third edition of this dictionary fully up to date. Fully cross-referenced and containing over 3,300 alphabetical entries, it is the ideal introduction to philosophy for anyone with an interest in the subject, and it is an indispensable work of reference for students and teachers.
Author: Simon Blackburn
Publisher: Oxford University Press
This accessible primer explains the basics of Western thought in an easy-to-understand manner for the beginning student of philosophy. Starting with basic questions posed by the ancient Greeks, the book takes readers on an entertaining odyssey through philosophic history. Illustrated.
Author: Richard Osborne
Publisher: Writers and Readers Publishing
Mit dem systematischen Einsatz der Sprachanalyse bei der Behandlung philosophischer Probleme kommt es in den letzten hundert Jahren zu einer sich ständig beschleunigenden Entwicklung der Sprachphilosophie sowohl diachron, durch immer bessere Kenntnisse der historischen Vorläufer, als auch synchron, durch Differenzierung der begrifflichen Hilfsmittel. Sie findet in enger Wechselwirkung mit Logik, Linguistik, Psychologie und der aus ihnen entwickelten Kognitionswissenschaft statt, neuerdings auch in Konkurrenz zu der als Wissenschaft vom Zeichengebrauch eine integrierende Funktion beanspruchenden Semiotik und zur Theorie der Kommunikation, insofern Sprachhandlungen als Handlungen mit Kommunikationsabsicht gelten. Wird Zeichengebrauch noch in zeichenvermitteltes, empirisch beobachtbares Verhalten eingebettet aufgefaßt, so nimmt in diesem Zusammenhang wiederum Handlungstheorie (Pragmatik/Praxeologie) und Verhaltensforschung (Ethologie), ergänzt um die von der Theorie der künstlichen Intelligenz bereitgestellten Modellbildungen, die Stelle sowohl der Semiotik wie der Theorie der Kommunikation in ihrer Rolle als fundierende Disziplin ein. Das Handbuch Sprachphilosophie gibt eine nach Fragestellungen, Behandlungsmethoden und theoretischem Rahmen möglichst umfassende Übersicht über den aktuellen Stand dieser Disziplin. I. Raumzeitliche Übersichten II. Personen III. Positionen IV. Kontroversen V. Begriffe VI. Sprachphilosophische Aspekte in anderen Bereichen
Author: Marcelo Dascal
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Pierre Hadot shows how the various schools, trends, and ideas of ancient Greek and Roman philosophy all strove to transform the individual s mode of perceiving and being in the world. For the ancients, philosophical theory and the philosophical way of life were inseparably linked. Hadot asks us to consider whether and how this connection might be reestablished today."
Author: Pierre Hadot,Michael Chase
Publisher: Harvard University Press
In this book noted scholar Thomas L. Pangle brings back a lost and crucial dimension of political theory: the mutually illuminating encounter between skeptically rationalist political philosophy and faith-based political theology guided ultimately by the authority of the Bible. Focusing on the chapters of Genesis in which the foundation of the Bible is laid, Pangle provides an interpretive reading illuminated by the questions and concerns of the Socratic tradition and its medieval heirs in the Christian, Jewish, and Islamic worlds. He brings into contrast the rival interpretive framework set by the biblical criticism of the modern rationalists Hobbes and Spinoza, along with their heirs from Locke to Hegel. The full meaning of these diverse philosophic responses to the Bible is clarified through a dialogue with hermeneutic discussions by leading political theologians in the Judaic, Muslim, and Christian traditions, from Josephus and Augustine to our day. Profound and subtle in its argument, this book will be of interest not only to students and scholars of politics, philosophy, and religion but also to thoughtful readers in every walk of life who seek to deepen their understanding of the perplexing relationship between religious faith and philosophic reason. -- James V. Schall
Author: Thomas L. Pangle
Publisher: JHU Press
Category: Political Science
Examines the history of speculative thought by focusing on such dominant personalities as Plato, Bacon, Spinoza, Kant, Schopenhauer, and Nietzsche
Author: Will Durant
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Author: George Ramsay (sir, 9th bart.)
Charles Taylor has been one of the most original and influential figures in contemporary philosophy: his 'philosophical anthropology' spans an unusually wide range of theoretical interests and draws creatively on both Anglo-American and Continental traditions in philosophy. A selection of his published papers is presented here in two volumes, structured to indicate the direction and essential unity of the work. He starts from a polemical concern with behaviourism and other reductionist theories (particularly in psychology and the philosophy of language) which aim to model the study of man on the natural sciences. This leads to a general critique of naturalism, its historical development and its importance for modern culture and consciousness; and that in turn points, forward to a positive account of human agency and the self, the constitutive role of language and value, and the scope of practical reason. The volumes jointly present some two decades of work on these fundamental themes, and convey strongly the tenacity, verve and versatility of the author in grappling with them. They will interest a very wide range of philosophers and students of the human sciences.
Author: Charles Taylor,Taylor Charles
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
The Blackwell Guide to the Philosophy of Religion features fourteen new essays written by some of the most prominent philosophers working in the field. Contributors include Linda Zabzeski, Hugh McCann, Brian Leftow, Gareth B. Matthews, William L. Rowe, Elliott Sober, Derk Pereboom, Alfred J. Freddoso, William P. Alston, William J. Wainwright, Peter van Inwagen, Philip Kitcher and Philip Quinn. Features fourteen newly commissioned essays. Provides a comprehensive treatment of the major problems in the philosophy of religion. Surveys the field and presents distinctive arguments.
Author: William E. Mann
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Examines how philosophers including Plato, Descartes, Hobbes, Darwin, and de Beauvoir responded to real life situations, and how their responses continue to influence people today.
Author: Edward Craig
Publisher: Oxford Paperbacks
Author: Alexander Rosenberg
Publisher: Psychology Press
Lars Svendsen draws upon the writings of thinkers from Adam Smith to Roland Barthes to analyze fashion as both a historical phenomenon and a philosophy of aesthetics.
Author: Lars Svendsen
Publisher: Reaktion Books
The Buddhist philosophical tradition is vast, internally diverse, and comprises texts written in a variety of canonical languages. It is hence often difficult for those with training in Western philosophy who wish to approach this tradition for the first time to know where to start, and difficult for those who wish to introduce and teach courses in Buddhist philosophy to find suitable textbooks that adequately represent the diversity of the tradition, expose students to important primary texts in reliable translations, that contextualize those texts, and that foreground specifically philosophical issues. Buddhist Philosophy fills that lacuna. It collects important philosophical texts from each major Buddhist tradition. Each text is translated and introduced by a recognized authority in Buddhist studies. Each introduction sets the text in context and introduces the philosophical issues it addresses and arguments it presents, providing a useful and authoritative guide to reading and to teaching the text. The volume is organized into topical sections that reflect the way that Western philosophers think about the structure of the discipline, and each section is introduced by an essay explaining Buddhist approaches to that subject matter, and the place of the texts collected in that section in the enterprise. This volume is an ideal single text for an intermediate or advanced course in Buddhist philosophy, and makes this tradition immediately accessible to the philosopher or student versed in Western philosophy coming to Buddhism for the first time. It is also ideal for the scholar or student of Buddhist studies who is interested specifically in the philosophical dimensions of the Buddhist tradition.
Author: William Edelglass,Jay Garfield
Publisher: Oxford University Press