Philosophical Foundations of Contract Law

Author: Gregory Klass,George Letsas,Prince Saprai

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0198713010

Category: Law

Page: 391

View: 3332

"The chapters that constitute this volume were first presented at the inaugural Bentham House conference at University College London in 2013"--Acknowledgments (page v).
Posted in Law

The Philosophical Foundations of Environmental Law

Property, Rights and Nature

Author: Sean Coyle,Karen Morrow

Publisher: Hart Publishing

ISBN: 1841133590

Category: Law

Page: 228

View: 8091

Legal regulation of the environment is often construed as a collection of legislated responses to the problems of modern living. Authors conclude, however, that environmental law must be understood as the product of sustained reflection on fundamental moral questions about the relationship between property, rights and nature.
Posted in Law

Effizienz statt Gerechtigkeit?

auf der Suche nach den philosophischen Grundlagen der Ökonomischen Analyse des Rechts

Author: Klaus Mathis

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783428127245

Category: Economics

Page: 255

View: 8708

Posted in Economics

Philosophical Foundations of the Law of Unjust Enrichment

Author: Robert Chambers,Charles Christopher James Mitchell,James E. Penner

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 446

View: 321

This volume takes stock of the rapid changes to the law of unjust enrichment over the last decade. It offers a set of original contributions from leading private law theorists examining the philosophical foundations of the law. The essays consider the central questions raised by demarcating unjust enrichment as a separate area of private law - including how its normative foundations relate to those of other areas of private law, how the concept of enrichment relates to property theory, how the remedy of restitution relates to principles of corrective justice and what role mental elements should play in shaping the law.
Posted in Law

Philosophical Foundations of Fiduciary Law

Author: Andrew S. Gold,Paul B. Miller,Paul B. Miller (Law teacher)

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0198701721

Category: Law

Page: 436

View: 7317

Fiduciary law is one of the most important areas of private law, governing a wide range of relationships that affect people in their daily lives. These new and innovative essays explore the foundations of fiduciary relationships and the duties fiduciaries owe to their beneficiaries.
Posted in Law

Philosophical Foundations of Language in the Law

Author: Andrei Marmor,Scott Soames

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191654752

Category: Law

Page: 288

View: 5989

This collection brings together the best contemporary philosophical work in the area of intersection between philosophy of language and the law. Some of the contributors are philosophers of language who are interested in applying advances in philosophy of language to legal issues, and some of the participants are philosophers of law who are interested in applying insights and theories from philosophy of language to their work on the nature of law and legal interpretation. By making this body of recent work available in a single volume, readers will gain both a general overview of the various interactions between language and law, and also detailed analyses of particular areas in which this interaction is manifest. The contributions to this volume are grouped under three main general areas: The first area concerns a critical assessment, in light of recent advances in philosophy of language, of the foundational role of language in understanding the nature of law itself. The second main area concerns a number of ways in which an understanding of language can resolve some of the issues prevalent in legal interpretation, such as the various ways in which semantic content can differ from law's assertive content; the contribution of presuppositions and pragmatic implicatures in understanding what the law conveys; the role of vagueness in legal language, for example. The third general topic concerns the role of language in the context of particular legal doctrines and legal solutions to practical problems, such as the legal definitions of inchoate crimes, the legal definition of torture, or the contractual doctrines concerning default rules. Together, these three key issues cover a wide range of philosophical interests in law that can be elucidated by a better understanding of language and linguistic communication.
Posted in Law

Historical and Philosophical Foundations of European Legal Culture

Author: Dawid Bunikowski

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 1443862576

Category:

Page: 235

View: 8257

This ambitious book examines the historical, theoretical, and axiological foundations of European legal culture, and explores their practical impacts on current European law and legal ways of thinking in Europe. Including considerations about the history of law as well contemporary legal issues, the book consists of seven chapters authored by scholars from across the globe, from Italy to Taiwan. This volume shows that it is possible to speak of one European legal culture in terms of various countries’ common legal origins (Roman law, Greek philosophy, and medieval jurisprudence as the ius commune), while also discussing distinct national legal cultures and traditions in Europe. However, to understand the present day law and legal profession, it is necessary to go back to the values, theories, and thinkers which were influential in the progress of European law from ancient times to the 19th century. The book not only presents the theoretical and historical issues of European legal culture, but also acquaints the audience with the true axiological foundations of our contemporary legal institutions, and the methods of legal thinking in Europe. It is clear that many of our current legal concepts and institutions come from theorists such as Aristotle, Ulpian, Aquinas, Hobbes and Savigny. The book will be of particular interest to scholars and students of legal history, jurisprudence, and European law, especially in the context of the origins of European legal culture. Moreover, it will also appeal to all lawyers working in both the common law and the civil law traditions wishing to gain a greater understanding of European legal heritage.
Posted in

Philosophical Foundations of Labour Law

Author: Hugh Collins,Gillian Lester,Virginia Mantouvalou

Publisher: Philosophical Foundations of L

ISBN: 0198825277

Category: Law

Page: 368

View: 5708

The first book to explore the philosophical foundations of labour law in detail, including topics such as the meaning of work, the relationship between employee and employer, and the demands of justice in the workplace.
Posted in Law

Philosophical Foundations of Children's and Family Law

Author: Associate Professor of Philosophy Elizabeth Brake,Elizabeth Brake,Lucinda Ferguson

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198786425

Category:

Page: 350

View: 7332

This volume brings together new essays in law and philosophy on a broad range of topics in children's and family law. It is the first volume to bring together essays by legal scholars and philosophers for an integrated, critical analysis of key issues in this area, marking the 'coming of age' of a comparatively new field of family law. Debates in children's and family law are at once theoretical and empirical in nature. Not only does children's and family law have significant consequences for individuals' intimate lives, the field's impact on lived experience highlights the socially constructed nature of law. Approaching this area of law often involves exploring a legal concept familiar from daily life, such as the very notion of 'marriage' or 'family', and examining it within its social, economic, and historical context. The normative basis for law regulating intimate personal and family life extends beyond any narrow legal philosophy or social context to its broader foundations in theories of morality or justice. The chapters included bring together a representative and broad range of pieces that engage with long-standing and contemporary debates. A wide range of perspectives is represented on topics such as same-sex marriage, polygamy and polyamory, alimony, unmarried cohabitation, gestational surrogacy and assisted reproductive technologies, child support, parental rights and responsibilities, children's rights, family immigration, religious freedom, and the rights of paid caregivers. There is also philosophical discussion of concepts such as care, intimacy, and the nature of family and family law itself.
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Souveränität

Herkunft und Zukunft eines Schlüsselbegriffs

Author: Dieter Grimm

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Sovereignty

Page: 135

View: 8055

Posted in Sovereignty

The Jurisprudential Foundations of Corporate and Commercial Law

Author: Jody S. Kraus,Steven D. Walt

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521038768

Category: Law

Page: 256

View: 4914

This collection, first published in 2000, brings together essays by some of the most prominent scholars currently writing in commercial law theory. The essays address the foundations of efficiency analysis as the dominant theoretical paradigm in contemporary corporate and commercial law scholarship. Some of the questions addressed in the volume are: What are the historical roots of efficiency analysis in contract, sales, and corporate law? Is moral theory irrelevant to efficiency analysis in these areas; if relevant, are morality and efficiency compatible? Even if efficiency is otherwise reasonable as a normative goal in corporate and commercial law, does the complexity of efficiency make it practical to administer in adjudication? What is the best way of pursuing efficiency in corporate and commercial law? The volume reflects the most exciting work being done in contemporary legal theory. It will be of interest to professionals and students in law and philosophy of law.
Posted in Law

Efficiency Instead of Justice?

Searching for the Philosophical Foundations of the Economic Analysis of Law

Author: Klaus Mathis

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402097980

Category: Law

Page: 220

View: 3092

Economic analysis of law is an interesting and challenging attempt to employ the concepts and reasoning methods of modern economic theory so as to gain a deeper understanding of legal problems. According to Richard A. Posner it is the role of the law to encourage market competition and, where the market fails because transaction costs are too high, to simulate the result of competitive markets. This would maximize economic efficiency and social wealth. In this work, the lawyer and economist Klaus Mathis critically appraises Posner’s normative justification of the efficiency paradigm from the perspective of the philosophy of law. Posner acknowledges the influences of Adam Smith and Jeremy Bentham, whom he views as the founders of normative economics. He subscribes to Smith’s faith in the market as an ideal allocation model, and to Bentham’s ethical consequentialism. Finally, aligning himself with John Rawls’s contract theory, he seeks to legitimize his concept of wealth maximization with a consensus theory approach. In his interdisciplinary study, the author points out the possibilities as well as the limits of economic analysis of law. It provides a method of analysing the law which, while very helpful, is also rather specific. The efficiency arguments therefore need to be incorporated into a process for resolving value conflicts. In a democracy this must take place within the political decision-making process. In this clearly written work, Klaus Mathis succeeds in making even non-economists more aware of the economic aspects of the law.
Posted in Law

Contract as Promise

A Theory of Contractual Obligation

Author: Charles Fried

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190240180

Category: Law

Page: 200

View: 3883

Contract as Promise is a study of the philosophical foundations of contract law in which Professor Fried effectively answers some of the most common assumptions about contract law and strongly proposes a moral basis for it while defending the classical theory of contract. This book provides two purposes regarding the complex legal institution of the contract. The first is the theoretical purpose to demonstrate how contract law can be traced to and is determined by a small number of basic moral principles. At the theory level the author shows that contract law does have an underlying, and unifying structure. The second is a pedagogic purpose to provide for students the underlying structure of contract law. At this level of doctrinal exposition the author shows that structure can be referred to moral principles. Together the two purposes support each other in an effective and comprehensive study of contract law. This second edition retains the original text, and includes a new Preface. It also includes a substantial new essay entitled Contract as Promise in the Light of Subsequent Scholarship--Especially Law and Economics which serves as a retrospective of the work accomplished in the last thirty years, while responding to present and future work in the field.
Posted in Law

Revisiting the Philosophical Foundations of Trademarks in the US and UK

Author: Mohammad Amin Naser

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 1443818291

Category: Law

Page: 230

View: 9083

This book challenges the philosophical foundations of current trademark systems in the USA and the UK. It argues that the process of trademark creation should be transformed to the more practical and realistic proposition of “co-authorship” of trademarks by both the public and trademark owners. The book develops the “Economic-Social Planning justification”, which departs from the economic argument that trademarks reduce consumer search costs, and then proposes that trademarks should be formulated in a manner which helps foster a just and attractive culture. Trademarks are thus seen as source and origin identifiers, rather than quality identifiers. The book focuses on the often ignored role of the public and their rights in trademarks and calls for the adoption of the confusion rationale for trademark protection, not the dilution individualistic rationale. The two jurisdictions of this book prove adverse effects over the rights of the public in terms of using trademarks in cultural and expressive contexts, thereby threatening the principles of freedom of expression as a human fundamental right.
Posted in Law

Philosophical Foundations of Property Law

Author: James Penner,Henry Smith

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191654523

Category: Law

Page: 450

View: 8383

Property has long played a central role in political and moral philosophy. Philosophers dealing with property have tended to follow the consensus that property has no special content but is a protean construct - a mere placeholder for theories aimed at questions of distributive justice and efficiency. Until recently there has been a relative absence of serious philosophical attention paid to the various doctrines that shape the actual law of property. If the philosophy of property is to be more attentive to concepts lying between broad considerations of political philosophy and distributive justice on the one hand and individual rules on the other, what in this broad space needs explaining, and how might we justify what we find? The papers in this volume are a first step towards filling this gap in the philosophical analysis of private law. This is achieved here by revisiting the contributions of philosophers such as Hume, Locke, Kant, and Grotius and revealing how particular doctrines illuminate the way in which property law respects the equality and autonomy of its subjects. Secondly, by exploring the central notions of possession, ownership, and title and finally by considering the very foundations of conceptualism in property.
Posted in Law

Ascent to Freedom

Practical and Philosophical Foundations of Democratic World Law

Author: Glen T. Martin

Publisher: Inst for Economic Democracy

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 500

View: 7082

Ascent to Freedom develops a philosophical framework for democratic world law by drawing on the scientific revolutions of the twentieth century, the history of philosophy of law, and contemporary discussions of law, democracy, and human rights. It traces the history of the philosophy of law from ancient times to the present, showing the progressive development of democratic thought that culminates in the imperative for global democracy. It examines the legitimacy of the dominant institutions in the contemporary world (monopoly capitalism and the nation-state system) and points beyond these destructive, fragmenting institutions to a holistic approach for human affairs. It concludes by developing the parameters and the likely consequences of a conversion to democratic world law for protecting the environment and human rights as well as creating a world system of peace and prosperity for everyone on Earth. Ascent to Freedom lays out both the practical and conceptual foundations for a transformed world order that can deal directly with our multiple global crises while creating peace and prosperity on Earth.
Posted in Law

Theorie der Rechtsprinzipien

Author: Humberto Bergmann Ávila

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783428120802

Category: Jurisprudence

Page: 140

View: 3649

Posted in Jurisprudence

Corporate Citizenship, Contractarianism and Ethical Theory

On Philosophical Foundations of Business Ethics

Author: Jesús Conill,Tatjana Schönwälder-Kuntze,Dr Christoph Luetge

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1409496376

Category: Law

Page: 206

View: 4262

This study provides a representation of the broad spectrum of theoretical work on topics related to business ethics, with a particular focus on corporate citizenship. It considers relations of business and society alongside social responsibility and moves on to examine the historical and systemic foundations of business ethics, focusing on the concepts of social and ethical responsibilities. The contributors explore established theories and concepts and their impact on moral behaviour. Together, the contributions offer varied philosophical theories in approaches to business ethics. The book will be a valuable resource for academics and researchers with an interest in the theoretical development of business ethics.
Posted in Law

Philosophical Foundations of the Law of Torts

Author: John Oberdiek

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191005088

Category: Law

Page: 488

View: 1619

Contemporary philosophy and tort law have long enjoyed a happy union. Tort theory today is an exceptionally active and wide ranging field within legal philosophy. This volume brings together established and emerging scholars from around the world and from varying disciplines that bring their distinct perspective to the philosophical problems of tort law. These ground breaking essays advance longstanding debates and open up new avenues of enquiry thus deepening and broadening the field. Contributions cover the major problematic areas of tort law, such as the relations between responsibility, fault, and strict liability; the morality of harm, compensation, and repair; and the relationship of tort with criminal and property law among many others.
Posted in Law

Foundations of Natural Right

Author: Johann Gottlieb Fichte,Frederick Neuhouser,Michael Baur

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521575911

Category: Philosophy

Page: 338

View: 1288

A complete translation into English of Fichte's most important work of political philosophy.
Posted in Philosophy