Personal Memoirs of a Residence of Thirty Years with the Indian Tribes on the American Frontiers

With Brief Notices of Passing Events, Facts, and Opinions, A.D. 1812 to A.D. 1842

Author: Henry Rowe Schoolcraft

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Indians of North America

Page: 703

View: 7637

This is the autobiographical account of an explorer, government administrator, and scholar whose researches into the language and customs of the Chippewa and other Native American peoples of the Great Lakes region are considered milestones in nineteenth-century ethnography. After a childhood in Hamilton, New York, Schoolcraft gained attention for the reports and journals he wrote on trips west to explore mineral deposits in Arkansas, Missouri, and the old Northwest. Later, he joined the Cass expedition to the Lake Superior region, where he served as an Indian agent in St. Mary (Sault Ste. Marie) from 1822 to 1836. During that time, he continued to make regular exploratory journeys. On one of these, in 1832, he located the Mississippi River's source at Lake Itasca, Minnesota. From 1836 to 1841, Schoolcraft served as Michigan's superintendent of Indian Affairs and helped to bring about a treaty with the Ojibwa (1836), who as a result relinquished their claims to most of northern Michigan. Schoolcraft's memoirs are noteworthy for their detailed geographic, geological, political, military, folkloric, historical, and ethnographic information. Married to a woman of Native American background, he was sympathetic to certain aspects of the Indian societies he encountered. Nevertheless, he saw the sweep of new settlers into Indian lands as inevitable, and accepted as necessary the removal of Native peoples beyond the advancing boundaries of the United States. Schoolcraft believed that soldiers, diplomats, federal officials, and missionaries could do their jobs more effectively if they learned native languages and understood Indian customs. These motives, along with his literary aspirations, gave rise to his explorations of Indian cultural life. He discusses Indian myths and legends at length and talks about how he transformed them into his own Algic Researches (1839), the work that inspired Longfellow's "Hiawatha." Schoolcraft also corresponded or visited with Washington Irving, Thomas Jefferson, Albert Gallatin, and many of the era's other leading intellectuals, and details his conversations with them.
Posted in Indians of North America

Personal Memoirs Of A Residence Of Thirty Years With The Indian Tribes On The American Frontiers

Author: Henry Rowe Schoolcraft

Publisher: Kessinger Publishing

ISBN: 9781419140952

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 676

View: 5956

This scarce antiquarian book is a facsimile reprint of the original. Due to its age, it may contain imperfections such as marks, notations, marginalia and flawed pages. Because we believe this work is culturally important, we have made it available as part of our commitment for protecting, preserving, and promoting the world's literature in affordable, high quality, modern editions that are true to the original work.
Posted in Biography & Autobiography

The Hoe and the Horse on the Plains

A Study of Cultural Development Among North American Indians

Author: Preston Holder

Publisher: U of Nebraska Press

ISBN: 9780803258099

Category: History

Page: 176

View: 7819

Posted in History

Empire, Education, and Indigenous Childhoods

Nineteenth-Century Missionary Infant Schools in Three British Colonies

Author: Dr Helen May,Dr Baljit Kaur,Dr Larry Prochner

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1472409604

Category: History

Page: 282

View: 7569

Examining the experiences of very young ‘native’ children in three British colonies, the authors focus on the shared as well as unique aspects of the colonial experience in infant schools across the northern part of the North Island of New Zealand, Upper Canada, and British-controlled India. Informed by archival research, Empire, Education, and Indigenous Childhoods illuminates both the pervasiveness of missionary education and the diverse contexts in which its attendant ideals were applied.
Posted in History

Writing Indian Nations

Native Intellectuals and the Politics of Historiography, 1827-1863

Author: Maureen Konkle

Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press

ISBN: 0807875902

Category: Social Science

Page: 384

View: 1251

In the early years of the republic, the United States government negotiated with Indian nations because it could not afford protracted wars politically, militarily, or economically. Maureen Konkle argues that by depending on treaties, which rest on the equal standing of all signatories, Europeans in North America institutionalized a paradox: the very documents through which they sought to dispossess Native peoples in fact conceded Native autonomy. As the United States used coerced treaties to remove Native peoples from their lands, a group of Cherokee, Pequot, Ojibwe, Tuscarora, and Seneca writers spoke out. With history, polemic, and personal narrative these writers countered widespread misrepresentations about Native peoples' supposedly primitive nature, their inherent inability to form governments, and their impending disappearance. Furthermore, they contended that arguments about racial difference merely justified oppression and dispossession; deriding these arguments as willful attempts to evade the true meanings and implications of the treaties, the writers insisted on recognition of Native peoples' political autonomy and human equality. Konkle demonstrates that these struggles over the meaning of U.S.-Native treaties in the early nineteenth century led to the emergence of the first substantial body of Native writing in English and, as she shows, the effects of the struggle over the political status of Native peoples remain embedded in contemporary scholarship.
Posted in Social Science

Indian Country

Essays on Contemporary Native Culture

Author: Gail Guthrie Valaskakis

Publisher: Wilfrid Laurier Univ. Press

ISBN: 1554588103

Category: Social Science

Page: 304

View: 7107

Since first contact, Natives and newcomers have been involved in an increasingly complex struggle over power and identity. Modern “Indian wars” are fought over land and treaty rights, artistic appropriation, and academic analysis, while Native communities struggle among themselves over membership, money, and cultural meaning. In cultural and political arenas across North America, Natives enact and newcomers protest issues of traditionalism, sovereignty, and self-determination. In these struggles over domination and resistance, over different ideologies and Indian identities, neither Natives nor other North Americans recognize the significance of being rooted together in history and culture, or how representations of “Indianness” set them in opposition to each other. In Indian Country: Essays on Contemporary Native Culture, Gail Guthrie Valaskakis uses a cultural studies approach to offer a unique perspective on Native political struggle and cultural conflict in both Canada and the United States. She reflects on treaty rights and traditionalism, media warriors, Indian princesses, powwow, museums, art, and nationhood. According to Valaskakis, Native and non-Native people construct both who they are and their relations with each other in narratives that circulate through art, anthropological method, cultural appropriation, and Native reappropriation. For Native peoples and Others, untangling the past—personal, political, and cultural—can help to make sense of current struggles over power and identity that define the Native experience today. Grounded in theory and threaded with Native voices and evocative descriptions of “Indian” experience (including the author’s), the essays interweave historical and political process, personal narrative, and cultural critique. This book is an important contribution to Native studies that will appeal to anyone interested in First Nations’ experience and popular culture.
Posted in Social Science

Living with Animals

Ojibwe Spirit Powers

Author: Michael Pomedli

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442667052

Category: Social Science

Page: 384

View: 9785

Within nineteenth-century Ojibwe/Chippewa medicine societies, and in communities at large, animals are realities and symbols that demonstrate cultural principles of North American Ojibwe nations. Living with Animals presents over 100 images from oral and written sources – including birch bark scrolls, rock art, stories, games, and dreams – in which animals appear as kindred beings, spirit powers, healers, and protectors. Michael Pomedli shows that the principles at play in these sources are not merely evidence of cultural values, but also unique standards brought to treaty signings by Ojibwe leaders. In addition, these principles are norms against which North American treaty interpretations should be reframed. The author provides an important foundation for ongoing treaty negotiations, and for what contemporary Ojibwe cultural figures corroborate as ways of leading a good, integrated life.
Posted in Social Science

In this Remote Country

French Colonial Culture in the Anglo-American Imagination, 1780-1860

Author: Edward Watts

Publisher: UNC Press Books

ISBN: 0807830461

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 275

View: 1173

When Anglo-Americans looked west after the Revolution, they hoped to see a blank slate upon which to build their continental republic. However, French settlers had inhabited the territory stretching from Ohio to Oregon for over a century, blending into Na
Posted in Literary Criticism

Languages and Publics

The Making of Authority

Author: Susan Gal,Kathryn Woolard

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317639790

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 8

View: 423

The essays in this collection examine the public construction of languages, the linguistic construction of publics, and the relationship between these two processes. Cultural categories such as named languages, linguistic standards and genres are the products of expert knowledge as well as of linguistic ideologies more widely shared among speakers. Translation, grammars and dictionaries, the policing of correctness, folklore collections and linguistic academies are all part of the work that produces not only languages but also social groups and spheres of action such as "the public". Such representational processes are the topic of inquiry in this voume. They are explored as crucial aspects of power, figuring among the means for establishing inequality, imposing social hierarchy, and mobilizing political action. Contributions to this volume investigate two related questions: first, how different images of linguistic phenomena gain social credibility and political influence; and, secondly, the role of linguistic ideology and practices in the making of political authority. Using both historical and ethnographic approaches, they examine empirical cases ranging from small-scale societies to multi-ethnic empire, from nineteenth-century linguistic theories to contemporary mass media, and from Europe to Oceania to the Americas. Contributors include Susan Gal, Kathryn Woolard, Judith Irvine, Richard Bauman, Michael Silverstein, Jane Hill, Joseph Errington, Bambi Schieffelin, Jacqueline Urla and Ben Lee.
Posted in Language Arts & Disciplines

Robidoux Chronicles

French-Indian Ethnoculture of the Trans-Mississippi West

Author: Hugh M. Lewis

Publisher: Trafford Publishing

ISBN: 1412222990

Category: History

Page: 450

View: 2211

Robidoux Chronicles treats with comprehensive documentary detail the factual history of the Robidoux lineage in North America from the first progenitor who arrived in Quebec in about 1665, through the famous six brothers who distinguished themselves as Mountain Men, up until even recent times on reservations in the US. Many members of the Robidoux family were intimately connected to the entire history of the North American fur trade. The six brothers, born in St. Louis before the coming of Lewis & Clark, were important fur-traders during the classical Rendezvous era of the North American fur trade. They became key players in the organization & articulation of the Overland Trail, only to die soon afterward in relative obscurity upon the plains of Kansas & Nebraska. By the 1950's, the story of the Robidoux had been almost entirely forgotten. Subsequent historians had lost all but a scant & fragmentary knowledge of the true role & exploits of the Robidoux & their French-Indian compatriots upon the frontiers of the old west. Antoine Robidoux was the first to establish permanent trading settlements west of the Rockies in the Inter-Montane corridor, & his brother Michel was one of the first expeditions to traverse the length of the Grand Canyon. The eldest brother Joseph became one of the earliest established traders on the upper Missouri & founded St. Joseph, Missouri, which was later to be the primary starting point of the Overland Trail. His younger brother Louis became one of the earliest ranch owners in California, becoming Don of the Jurupa, that encompassed the areas known today as Riverside, San Bernardino, San Jacinto & San Timoteo. An entire inter-tribal French-Indian ethnocultural orientation had developed upon the plains, prairies & mountains of the Trans-Mississippi west a good fifty years before the coming of the Iron Horse & the Pony Express, & has been carried on today in proximity to the reservations of Kansas & Oklahoma, South Dakota & Wyoming.
Posted in History

The Sun Dance of the Blackfoot Indians

Author: Clark Wissler

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 3732662381

Category: Fiction

Page: 60

View: 498

Reproduction of the original: The Sun Dance of the Blackfoot Indians by Clark Wissler
Posted in Fiction

Personal Memoirs of a Residence

Author: Henry Rowe Schoolcraft

Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform

ISBN: 9781544661421

Category:

Page: 752

View: 2280

The early period at which Mr. Schoolcraft entered the field of observation in the United States as a naturalist; the enterprise he has from the outset manifested in exploring the geography and geology of the Great West; and his subsequent researches as an ethnologist, in investigating the Indian languages and history, are well known to the public, and may be appropriately referred to as the grounds of the present design, in furnishing some brief and connected sketches of his life, family, studies, and literary labors. He is an example of what early and continued zeal, talent, and diligence, united with energy of character and consistent moral habits, may accomplish in the cause of letters and science, by the force of solitary application, without the advantage of hereditary wealth, the impulse of patronage, or the prestige of early academic honors. Ardent in the pursuit of whatever engaged his attention, quick in the observation of natural phenomena, and assiduous in the accumulation of facts; with an ever present sense of their practical and useful bearing--few men, in our modern history, have accomplished so much, in the lines of research he has chosen, to render science popular and letters honorable. To him we are indebted for our first accounts of the geological constitution, and the mineral wealth and resources of the great valley beyond the Alleghanies, and he is the discoverer of the actual source of the Mississippi River in Itasca Lake.
Posted in

The Indian War of 1864

Being a Fragment of the Early History of Kansas, Nebraska, Colorado, and Wyoming

Author: Eugene Fitch Ware

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Indians of North America

Page: 601

View: 6152

Posted in Indians of North America

Museum Studies

An Anthology of Contexts

Author: Bettina Messias Carbonell

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1405173815

Category: Art

Page: 655

View: 7798

Retaining the multidisciplinary focus of the critically acclaimed first edition, the new edition of "Museum Studies: An Anthology of Contexts" presents a comprehensive collection of approaches to museums and their relation to history, culture, and philosophy. Striking a careful balance between contemporary analysis and historical documentation, the new edition features primary and secondary texts spanning the course of some two hundred years of museum history that reveal a wealth of insights into culture and society. Among the developments in twenty-first-century museum scholarship featured in this new edition are issues of inclusion and exclusion, repatriation, indigenous models of collection and display, museums in an age of globalization, visitor studies, and interactive technologies. A new section on relationships, interactions, and responsibilities focuses on the intersection of memory, history, ethics, and affect within the museum and beyond its walls. With its expansive nature and multidisciplinary approach, "Museum Studies" solidifies its reputation as the primary resource for this important academic discipline.
Posted in Art

Names

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: N.A

View: 9890

Posted in Law

Michigan History

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Michigan

Page: N.A

View: 4866

Posted in Michigan

On the Rez

Author: Ian Frazier

Publisher: Macmillan

ISBN: 9780312278595

Category: Social Science

Page: 336

View: 9754

The author visits the Pine Ridge Reservation and shares his observations of the heroism, humor, and tough spirit that keeps these people afloat in the midst of crushing poverty.
Posted in Social Science

Nine Years Among the Indians, 1870-1879

The Story of the Captivity and Life of a Texan Among the Indians

Author: Herman Lehmann

Publisher: UNM Press

ISBN: 9780826314178

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 235

View: 7380

Provides an account of the author's experiences as a captive of the Mescalero Apaches, telling of his training to become a warrior, his exile after killing a medicine man in self-defense, and his return home.
Posted in Biography & Autobiography