A Participatory Approach to Modern Geometry

Author: Jay Kappraff

Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company

ISBN: 9814556726

Category: Mathematics

Page: 272

View: 7088

This book aims to make the subject of geometry and its applications easy and comfortable to understand by students majoring in mathematics or the liberal arts, architecture and design. It can be used to teach students at different levels of computational ability and there is also sufficient novel material to interest students at a higher cognitive level. While the book goes deeply into the applications of geometry, it contains much introductory material which up to now may not have been known to the student. The constructive approach using compass and straightedge engages students, not just on an intellectual level, but also at a tactile level. This may be the only rigorous book offering geometry that attempts to engage students outside of the mathematics discipline.
Posted in Mathematics

Connections

The Geometric Bridge Between Art and Science

Author: Jay Kappraff

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789812811394

Category: Science

Page: 486

View: 639

The first edition of Connections was chosen by the National Association of Publishers (USA) as the best book in OC Mathematics, Chemistry, and Astronomy OCo Professional and ReferenceOCO in 1991. It has been a comprehensive reference in design science, bringing together in a single volume material from the areas of proportion in architecture and design, tilings and patterns, polyhedra, and symmetry. The book presents both theory and practice and has more than 750 illustrations. It is suitable for research in a variety of fields and as an aid to teaching a course in the mathematics of design. It has been influential in stimulating the burgeoning interest in the relationship between mathematics and design. In the second edition there are five new sections, supplementary, as well as a new preface describing the advances in design science since the publication of the first edition. Contents: Proportion in Architecture; Similarity; The Golden Mean; Graphs; Tilings with Polygons; Two-Dimensional Networks and Lattices; Polyhedra: Platonic Solids; Transformation of the Platonic Solids I; Transformation of the Platonic Solids II; Polyhedra: Space Filling; Isometries and Mirrors; Symmetry of the Plane. Readership: Polytechnic students, architects, designers, mathematicians and general readers."
Posted in Science

Beyond Measure

A Guided Tour Through Nature, Myth, and Number

Author: Jay Kappraff

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789810247027

Category: Mathematics

Page: 582

View: 6855

This book consists of essays that stand on their own but are also loosely connected. Part I documents how numbers and geometry arise in several cultural contexts and in nature: scale, proportion in architecture, ancient geometry, megalithic stone circles, the hidden pavements of the Laurentian library, the shapes of the Hebrew letters, and the shapes of biological forms. Part II shows how many of the same numbers and number sequences are related to the modern mathematical study of numbers, dynamical systems, chaos, and fractals.
Posted in Mathematics

Handbook of Community-Based Participatory Research

Author: Maria E. Fernández

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190652233

Category:

Page: 304

View: 2219

Community-based participatory research (CBPR) emerged in response to the longstanding tradition of "top-down" research-studies in which social scientists observe social phenomena and community problems as outsiders, separate from the participants' daily lives. CBPR is more immersive, fostering partnerships between academic and community organizations that increase the value and consequence of the research for all partners. The current perspectives gleaned from this school of research have been wildly well-received, in no small part because they address the complexity of the human experience in their conclusions. HANDBOOK OF COMMUNITY-BASED PARTICIPATORY RESEARCH codifies the methods and theories of this research approach and articulates an expansive vision of health that includes gender equality, safe and adequate housing, and freedom from violence. Topic-based chapters apply the theory and methods of CBPR to real world problems affecting women, ethnic and racial minorities, and immigrant communities such as sexual violence, exposure to environmental toxins, and lack of access to preventive care as well as suggesting future directions for effective, culturally sensitive research. HANDBOOK OF COMMUNITY-BASED PARTICIPATORY RESEARCH is required reading for academics, policy makers, and students seeking meaningful social change through scholarship.
Posted in

Dissemination and Implementation Research in Health

Translating Science to Practice

Author: Ross C. Brownson,Graham A. Colditz,Enola K. Proctor

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190683236

Category: Medical

Page: 560

View: 1870

The definitive work in D&I research -- now completely updated and expanded The application of scientific research to the creation of evidence-based policies is a science unto itself -- and one that is never easy. Dissemination and implementation research (D&I) is the study of how scientific advances can be implemented into everyday life, and understanding how it works has never been more important for students and professionals across the scientific, academic, and governmental communities. DISSEMINATION AND IMPLEMENTATION RESEARCH IN HEALTH is a practical guide to making research more consequential, a collection assembled and written by today's leading D&I researchers. Readers of this book are taught to: ? Evaluate the evidence base in an effective intervention ? Choose a strategy that produces the greatest impact ? Design an appropriate and effectual study ? Track essential outcomes ? Account for the barriers to uptake in communities, social service agencies, and health care facilities The challenges to moving research into practice are universal, and they're complicated by the current landscape's reliance on partnerships and multi-center research. In this light, DISSEMINATION AND IMPLEMENTATION RESEARCH IN HEALTH is nothing less than a roadmap to effecting change in the sciences. It will have broad utility to researchers and practitioners in epidemiology, biostatistics, behavioral science, economics, medicine, social work, psychology, and anthropology -- both today and in our slightly better future.
Posted in Medical

Abstract Algebra

Theory and Applications

Author: Thomas W. Judson

Publisher: Orthogonal Publishing L3c

ISBN: 9781944325053

Category: Mathematics

Page: 434

View: 6365

Abstract Algebra: Theory and Applications is an open-source textbook that is designed to teach the principles and theory of abstract algebra to college juniors and seniors in a rigorous manner. Its strengths include a wide range of exercises, both computational and theoretical, plus many non-trivial applications. The first half of the book presents group theory, through the Sylow theorems, with enough material for a semester-long course. The second-half is suitable for a second semester and presents rings, integral domains, Boolean algebras, vector spaces, and fields, concluding with Galois Theory.
Posted in Mathematics

Handbook of Research on Geospatial Science and Technologies

Author: Maphanyane, Joyce Gosata,Mapeo, Read Brown Mthanganyika,Akinola, Modupe O.

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1522534415

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 457

View: 1483

The impacts of climate change are beginning to be felt throughout the world, yet there is no clear explanation as to how these changes will alter our future. The research being conducted within the geospatial science field is pivotal to understanding the effects the global environment is experiencing. The Handbook of Research on Geospatial Science and Technologies is an essential scholarly reference source that evaluates the current methodologies and trends in geospatial science, and how these insights provide society with more efficient and effective ways to manage natural resources. Featuring discussions on relevant topics such as cartography, geographical information systems, remotely sensed data, and sustainability management, this publication is an informative resource for all academicians, students, scientists, and researchers that are interested in emerging developments within geospatial science.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Media and Participation

A Site of Ideological-democratic Struggle

Author: Nico Carpentier

Publisher: Intellect Books

ISBN: 1841504076

Category: Social Science

Page: 405

View: 8834

Discusses participatory processes within the media. By looking at a diversity of media (television, radio, print, web, photography, but also museums), this book focuses on the process of participation itself, and shows how complex and difficult it is for media organisations to uphold their democratic-communicative role.
Posted in Social Science

A Handbook for Teaching and Learning in Higher Education

Enhancing academic practice

Author: Heather Fry,Steve Ketteridge,Stephanie Marshall

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317650220

Category: Education

Page: 452

View: 2432

This entirely new edition of a very successful book focuses on developing professional academic skills for supporting and supervising student learning and effective teaching. It is built on the premise that the roles of those who teach in higher education are complex and multi-faceted. A Handbook for Teaching and Learning in Higher Education is sensitive to the competing demands of teaching, research, scholarship, and academic management. The new edition reflects and responds to the rapidly changing context of higher education and to current understanding of how to best support student learning. Drawing together a large number of expert authors, it continues to feature extensive use of case studies that show how successful teachers have implemented these ideas. It includes key topics such as student engagement and motivation, internationalisation, employability, inclusive strategies for teaching, effective use of technology and issues relating to postgraduate students and student retention. Part 1 explores a number of aspects of the context of UK higher education that affect the education of students, looking at the drivers of institutional behaviours and how to achieve success as a university teacher. Part 2 examines learning, teaching and supervising in higher education and includes chapters on working with diversity, encouraging independent learning and learning gain. Part 3 considers approaches to teaching and learning in different disciplines, covering a full range including arts and humanities, social sciences, experimental sciences through to medicine and dentistry. Written to support the excellence in teaching and learning design required to bring about student learning of the highest quality, this will be essential reading for all new lecturers, particularly anyone taking an accredited course in teaching and learning in higher education, as well as those experienced lecturers who wish to improve their teaching practice. Those working in adult learning and educational development will also find the book to be a particularly useful resource. In addition it will appeal to staff who support learning and teaching in various other roles.
Posted in Education

Valuing Freedoms

Sen's Capability Approach and Poverty Reduction

Author: Sabina Alkire

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780199283316

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 340

View: 7393

Friendship, knowledge of foreign groups, the ability to purchase milk and shoes, the scent of summer roses: of what interest is this type of information to economists? Sabina Alkire shows how Nobel Prize-winning economist Amartya Sen's capability approach can be coherently - and practically - put to work in poverty reduction activities. Sen argues that economic development should expand 'valuable' freedoms. Alkire probes how we identify what is valuable. Foundational issues are addressed critically - dimensions of development, practical reason, culture, basic needs - drawing on Thomist authors who give central place to authentic participation. A participatory procedure for identifying capability change is then developed. Case studies of three Oxfam activities in Pakistan - goat-rearing, female literacy, and rose cultivation - illustrate this novel approach. Valuing Freedoms will be of considerable interest to economists, philosophers, development practitioners, and theologians, as well as to followers of Sen's work.
Posted in Business & Economics

Dynamic Sustainabilities

Technology, Environment, Social Justice

Author: Melissa Leach,Ian Scoones,Andy Stirling

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1849710937

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 212

View: 7503

Introducing a new pathways approach for understanding and responding to sustainability challenges, this title explores practical ways forward for building pathways to sustainability.
Posted in Business & Economics

Stochastic Processes

From Physics to Finance

Author: Wolfgang Paul,Jorg Baschnagel

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3319003275

Category: Science

Page: 280

View: 1663

This book introduces the theory of stochastic processes with applications taken from physics and finance. Fundamental concepts like the random walk or Brownian motion but also Levy-stable distributions are discussed. Applications are selected to show the interdisciplinary character of the concepts and methods. In the second edition of the book a discussion of extreme events ranging from their mathematical definition to their importance for financial crashes was included. The exposition of basic notions of probability theory and the Brownian motion problem as well as the relation between conservative diffusion processes and quantum mechanics is expanded. The second edition also enlarges the treatment of financial markets. Beyond a presentation of geometric Brownian motion and the Black-Scholes approach to option pricing as well as the econophysics analysis of the stylized facts of financial markets, an introduction to agent based modeling approaches is given.
Posted in Science

The Dialogical Spirit

Christian Reason and Theological Method in the Third Millennium

Author: Amos Yong

Publisher: James Clarke & Co

ISBN: 0227904346

Category: Religion

Page: 352

View: 9449

Contemporary proposals for Christian theology from post-liberalism to Radical Orthodoxy and beyond have espoused their own methodological paradigms. Those who have ventured into this domain of theological method, however, have usually had to stake their claims vis-à-vis trends in what may be called the contemporary "post-al" age, whether of the post-modern, post-Christendom, post-Enlightenment, post-Western, or post-colonial varieties. This volume is unique among offerings in this arena in suggesting a way forward that engages on each of these fronts, and does so from a particularistic Christian perspective without giving up on Christian theology's traditional claims to universality. This is accomplished through the articulation of a distinctive dialogical methodology informed by both Pentecostalism and Evangelicalism, one rooted in the Christian salvation-history narrative of Incarnation and Pentecost that is yet open to the world in its many and various cultural, ethnic, religious, and disciplinary discourses. Amos Yong here engages with twelve different interlocutors representing different ecumenical, religious, and disciplinary perspectives. 'The Dialogical Spirit' thus not only proffers a model for Christian theological method suitable for the twenty-first century global context but also exemplifies this methodological approach through its interactions across the contemporary scholarly, inter-religious, and theological landscape.
Posted in Religion

Methods in Biomedical Informatics

A Pragmatic Approach

Author: Indra Neil Sarkar

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0124016847

Category: Computers

Page: 592

View: 9140

Beginning with a survey of fundamental concepts associated with data integration, knowledge representation, and hypothesis generation from heterogeneous data sets, Methods in Biomedical Informatics provides a practical survey of methodologies used in biological, clinical, and public health contexts. These concepts provide the foundation for more advanced topics like information retrieval, natural language processing, Bayesian modeling, and learning classifier systems. The survey of topics then concludes with an exposition of essential methods associated with engineering, personalized medicine, and linking of genomic and clinical data. Within an overall context of the scientific method, Methods in Biomedical Informatics provides a practical coverage of topics that is specifically designed for: (1) domain experts seeking an understanding of biomedical informatics approaches for addressing specific methodological needs; or (2) biomedical informaticians seeking an approachable overview of methodologies that can be used in scenarios germane to biomedical research. Contributors represent leading biomedical informatics experts: individuals who have demonstrated effective use of biomedical informatics methodologies in the real-world, high-quality biomedical applications Material is presented as a balance between foundational coverage of core topics in biomedical informatics with practical "in-the-trenches" scenarios. Contains appendices that function as primers on: (1) Unix; (2) Ruby; (3) Databases; and (4) Web Services.
Posted in Computers

Computer-Aided Architectural Design Futures

Author: Alan Pipes

Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann

ISBN: 1483162273

Category: Computers

Page: 260

View: 7938

Computer-Aided Architectural Design Futures contains the proceeding of the International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design, held at Department of Architecture, Technical University of Delft, The Netherlands on September 18-19, 1985. Organized into four parts, the book underlines concepts on computer-aided architectural design. These include systematic design; drawing and visualization; artificial intelligence and knowledge engineering; and implications for practice. This book will be a major reference text for students, researchers, and practitioners.
Posted in Computers

Governing Modern Societies

Towards Participatory Governance

Author: Hubert Heinelt

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135151814

Category: Political Science

Page: 192

View: 5477

This book explores democracy beyond the governmental structures and focuses on participatory governance in particular. It demonstrates that we need to change the way we think about democracy and our notion of democracy has to be re-conceptualised.
Posted in Political Science

Co-Engineering and Participatory Water Management

Organisational Challenges for Water Governance

Author: Katherine A. Daniell

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107012317

Category: Science

Page: 335

View: 4934

A trans-disciplinary book offering evaluation-based approaches for effective participatory interventions, for academic researchers, practitioners and policy-makers working in water management.
Posted in Science

The Art of Game Design

A Book of Lenses, Second Edition

Author: Jesse Schell

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1498759564

Category: Computers

Page: 600

View: 3077

Good game design happens when you view your game from as many perspectives as possible. Written by one of the world's top game designers, The Art of Game Design presents 100+ sets of questions, or different lenses, for viewing a game’s design, encompassing diverse fields such as psychology, architecture, music, visual design, film, software engineering, theme park design, mathematics, puzzle design, and anthropology. This Second Edition of a Game Developer Front Line Award winner: Describes the deepest and most fundamental principles of game design Demonstrates how tactics used in board, card, and athletic games also work in top-quality video games Contains valuable insight from Jesse Schell, the former chair of the International Game Developers Association and award-winning designer of Disney online games The Art of Game Design, Second Edition gives readers useful perspectives on how to make better game designs faster. It provides practical instruction on creating world-class games that will be played again and again.
Posted in Computers

Summing It Up

From One Plus One to Modern Number Theory

Author: Avner Ash,Robert Gross

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 140088053X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 248

View: 6997

We use addition on a daily basis—yet how many of us stop to truly consider the enormous and remarkable ramifications of this mathematical activity? Summing It Up uses addition as a springboard to present a fascinating and accessible look at numbers and number theory, and how we apply beautiful numerical properties to answer math problems. Mathematicians Avner Ash and Robert Gross explore addition's most basic characteristics as well as the addition of squares and other powers before moving onward to infinite series, modular forms, and issues at the forefront of current mathematical research. Ash and Gross tailor their succinct and engaging investigations for math enthusiasts of all backgrounds. Employing college algebra, the first part of the book examines such questions as, can all positive numbers be written as a sum of four perfect squares? The second section of the book incorporates calculus and examines infinite series—long sums that can only be defined by the concept of limit, as in the example of 1+1/2+1/4+. . .=? With the help of some group theory and geometry, the third section ties together the first two parts of the book through a discussion of modular forms—the analytic functions on the upper half-plane of the complex numbers that have growth and transformation properties. Ash and Gross show how modular forms are indispensable in modern number theory, for example in the proof of Fermat's Last Theorem. Appropriate for numbers novices as well as college math majors, Summing It Up delves into mathematics that will enlighten anyone fascinated by numbers.
Posted in Mathematics

Geometric Properties of Natural Operators Defined by the Riemann Curvature Tensor

Author: Peter B. Gilkey

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9812799699

Category: Mathematics

Page: 316

View: 3740

A central problem in differential geometry is to relate algebraic properties of the Riemann curvature tensor to the underlying geometry of the manifold. The full curvature tensor is in general quite difficult to deal with. This book presents results about the geometric consequences that follow if various natural operators defined in terms of the Riemann curvature tensor (the Jacobi operator, the skew-symmetric curvature operator, the Szabo operator, and higher order generalizations) are assumed to have constant eigenvalues or constant Jordan normal form in the appropriate domains of definition. The book presents algebraic preliminaries and various Schur type problems; deals with the skew-symmetric curvature operator in the real and complex settings and provides the classification of algebraic curvature tensors whose skew-symmetric curvature has constant rank 2 and constant eigenvalues; discusses the Jacobi operator and a higher order generalization and gives a unified treatment of the Osserman conjecture and related questions; and establishes the results from algebraic topology that are necessary for controlling the eigenvalue structures. An extensive bibliography is provided. Results are described in the Riemannian, Lorentzian, and higher signature settings, and many families of examples are displayed. Contents: Algebraic Curvature Tensors; The Skew-Symmetric Curvature Operator; The Jacobi Operator; Controlling the Eigenvalue Structure. Readership: Researchers and graduate students in geometry and topology.
Posted in Mathematics