Palmyra

An Irreplaceable Treasure

Author: Paul Veyne

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 022642782X

Category: Architecture

Page: 88

View: 4721

Originally published as: Palmyre: l'irremplaocable traesor.
Posted in Architecture

Roman Palmyra

Identity, Community, and State Formation

Author: Andrew M. Smith II

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199861102

Category: History

Page: 293

View: 5288

This history of Roman Palmyra offers an examination of how the Palmyrenes constructed and maintained a unique identity, individually and collectively, amid progressive communal changes.
Posted in History

Palmyra

Mirage in the Desert

Author: Joan Aruz,Waleed Khaled al-Asa‘ad,Dr. Eleonora Cussini,Lucinda Dirven,Michał Gawlikowski,Maura K. Heyn,Ted Kaizer,Michel Al-Maqdissi,Eva Ishaq,Jørgen Christian Meyer,Dr. Rubina Raja,Andreas Schmidt-Colinet,Judith Weingarten

Publisher: Metropolitan Museum of Art

ISBN: 1588396312

Category: POLITICAL SCIENCE

Page: 160

View: 2750

In response to the catastrophic destruction of Syria’s ancient city of Palmyra, a UNESCO world heritage site, a group of major international scholars gathered to focus on the art, archaeology, and history of the beleaguered site and present their latest findings. Their papers, given at a symposium at The Metropolitan Museum of Art in May 2016, have been collected in this fascinating and important publication. They are accompanied by a moving tribute by Waleed Khaled al-Asa‘ad to his father, Khaled al-Asa‘ad, the Syrian archaeologist and head of antiquities for the ancient city of Palmyra who was brutally murdered in 2015 while defending the site. p.p1 {margin: 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px; font: 14.0px Verdana} Palmyra: Mirage in the Desert, published simultaneously in English and Arabic, is the latest volume in the Metropolitan Museum symposium series. It is a major contribution to the knowledge and understanding of this multicultural desert—located at the crossroads of the ancient world—that will help preserve the memory of this extraordinary place for generations to come.

Posted in POLITICAL SCIENCE

Roman Syria and the Near East

Author: Kevin Butcher

Publisher: Getty Publications

ISBN: 9780892367153

Category: History

Page: 472

View: 314

The provinces that the Romans referred to as Syria covered a vast area occupied today by several modern states. These included some of the most spectacular ruins of the ancient world-Palmyra, Baalbek, and Apamea-and fabled cities such as Antioch, Damascus, Sidon, and Tyre. Roman Syria also comprised sites that are virtually unknown, such as the great fortress city of Zenobia on the Euphrates and the remarkably well-preserved villages of the limestone massif of northwestern Syria. Roman Syria and the Near East offers a broad overview of this major cultural crossroads. Surveying a millennium of Roman and Byzantine rule in the Near East, from Roman annexation to the Arab conquest, the book outlines Syria's crucial role in Roman history. Topics discussed include the Roman army's use of Syria as a buffer against its powerful eastern neighbors and the elaborate road system that Rome developed to connect its far-reaching empire. The book also explores the impact of geography, trade, and religion on the shaping of Syria, as well as the influence of Syrian culture on the classical world.
Posted in History

When Our World Became Christian

312 - 394

Author: Paul Veyne

Publisher: Polity

ISBN: 0745644996

Category: Religion

Page: 248

View: 1886

"This short book by one of France's leading historians deals with a big question: how was it that Christianity, that masterpiece of religious invention, managed, between 300 and 400 AD, to impose itself upon the whole of the western world? Paul Veyne suggests three possible explanations." "In the course of deciding between these explanations Paul Veyne sheds fresh light on one of the most profound transformations that shaped the modern world - the Christianization of the West. A best-seller in France, this book will appeal to a wide readership interested in history, religion and the rise of the modern world." --Book Jacket.
Posted in Religion

Palmyra

Author: Iain Browning

Publisher: Noyes Publications

ISBN: N.A

Category: Extinct cities

Page: 223

View: 3887

Posted in Extinct cities

Edge of Empires

Pagans, Jews, and Christians at Roman Dura-Europos

Author: Jennifer Chi,Sebastian Heath

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691154688

Category: History

Page: 124

View: 5216

Published by the Institute for the Study of the Ancient World at New York University on the occasion of the exhibition Edge of Empires, Sept. 23, 2011-Jan. 8, 2012.
Posted in History

Palmyra 1885

The Wolfe Expedition and the Photographs of John Henry Haynes

Author: Benjamin Anderson,Professor Department of the History of Art and Director of the Center for Ancient Studies Robert G Ousterhout

Publisher: Cornucopia Books/Caique Publishing

ISBN: 9780956594877

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 6084

PALMYRA 1885, by Benjamin Anderson and Robert G. Ousterhout, is the first published record of the five fruitful days that father of American archaeological photography, John Henry Haynes, spent in Syria's ancient desert city, whose most important monuments were destroyed by the self-styled Islamic State in 2015.
Posted in

Foucault

His Thought, His Character

Author: Paul Veyne

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0745683800

Category: Philosophy

Page: 216

View: 5263

Michel Foucault and Paul Veyne: the philosopher and the historian. Two major figures in the world of ideas, resisting all attempts at categorization. Two timeless thinkers who have long walked and fought together. In this short book Paul Veyne offers a fresh portrait of his friend and relaunches the debate about his ideas and legacy. ‘Foucault is not who you think he is’, writes Veyne; he stood neither on the left nor on the right and was frequently disowned by both. He was not so much a structuralist as a sceptic, an empiricist disciple of Montaigne, who never ceased in his work to reflect on 'truth games', on singular, constructed truths that belonged to their own time. A unique testimony by a scholar who knew Foucault well, this book succeeds brilliantly in grasping the core of his thought and in stripping away the confusions and misunderstandings that have so often characterized the interpretation of Foucault and his work.
Posted in Philosophy

Petra Rediscovered

Lost City of the Nabataeans

Author: Glenn Markoe

Publisher: Harry N. Abrams

ISBN: 9780810945371

Category: Social Science

Page: 288

View: 2735

For more than four centuries the ancient kingdom of Petra, with its magnificent temples and rock-cut tombs, flourished at the intersection of two major trade routes running from Syria to the Red Sea and from the Persian Gulf to the Mediterranean. The Romans absorbed Petra into their empire in 106 A.D., and in 363 A.D. an earthquake left the city in ruins, forgotten in the West until European explorers rediscovered it in the 19th century. Today--largely as a result of the astonishing finds from ongoing archaeological excavations--this beautiful site has become one of the most visited tourist destinations in the Middle East. Petra Rediscovered brings us the discoveries from those excavations, in a spectacular volume that accompanies a major traveling exhibition on the history and art of this evocative ancient city. Vibrantly illustrated with on-site photography--most newly shot for this book--Petra Rediscovered presents the latest archaeological revelations and scholarly research on the city and the Nabataean people. Essays in lively prose by archaeologists who have worked at Petra and researched the art, objects, and inscriptions found there will fascinate history and archaeology buffs, art lovers, and travelers, who will be newly inspired to visit this spectacular site.
Posted in Social Science

Discourses of the Vanishing

Modernity, Phantasm, Japan

Author: Marilyn Ivy

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226388344

Category: Social Science

Page: 277

View: 9220

Japan today is haunted by the ghosts its spectacular modernity has generated. Deep anxieties about the potential loss of national identity and continuity disturb many in Japan, despite widespread insistence that it has remained culturally intact. In this provocative conjoining of ethnography, history, and cultural criticism, Marilyn Ivy discloses these anxieties—and the attempts to contain them—as she tracks what she calls the vanishing: marginalized events, sites, and cultural practices suspended at moments of impending disappearance. Ivy shows how a fascination with cultural margins accompanied the emergence of Japan as a modern nation-state. This fascination culminated in the early twentieth-century establishment of Japanese folklore studies and its attempts to record the spectral, sometimes violent, narratives of those margins. She then traces the obsession with the vanishing through a range of contemporary reconfigurations: efforts by remote communities to promote themselves as nostalgic sites of authenticity, storytelling practices as signs of premodern presence, mass travel campaigns, recallings of the dead by blind mediums, and itinerant, kabuki-inspired populist theater.
Posted in Social Science

Designs for the Pluriverse

Radical Interdependence, Autonomy, and the Making of Worlds

Author: Arturo Escobar

Publisher: New Ecologies for the Twenty-First Century

ISBN: 9780822371052

Category:

Page: 312

View: 7204

Arturo Escobar presents a new vision of design theory by arguing for the creation of what he calls "autonomous design"--a design practice aimed at channeling design's world-making capacity toward ways of being and doing that are deeply attuned to justice and the Earth.
Posted in

In Search of the Phoenicians

Author: Josephine Crawley Quinn

Publisher: Miriam S. Balmuth Lectures in

ISBN: 9780691175270

Category: History

Page: 335

View: 8351

"The Phoenicians traveled the Mediterranean long before the Greeks and Romans, trading, establishing settlements, and refining the art of navigation. But who these legendary sailors really were has long remained a mystery. [Quinn] makes the startling claim that the Phoenicians never actually existed. Taking readers from the ancient world to today, this ... book argues that the notion of these sailors as a coherent people with a shared identity, history, and culture is a product of modern nationalist ideologies"--Dust jacket flap.
Posted in History

My European Family

The First 54,000 Years

Author: Karin Bojs

Publisher: Bloomsbury Sigma

ISBN: 9781472941459

Category: Science

Page: 400

View: 916

The story of Europe and its peoples, told through its genetic legacy and woven together using the latest archaeological findings, will fascinate anyone interested in genealogy. Karin Bojs grew up in a small, broken family, and at her mother's funeral she felt this more acutely than ever. As part of the healing process, she decided to use DNA research to learn more about herself, her family, and the interconnectedness of society. She went deep in search of her genealogy, having her DNA sequenced and tested, and effectively becoming an experimental subject. Remarkably, she was able to trace the path of her ancestors through recorded history and into prehistory. Through the course of her research, she met dozens of scientists working in genetic research. The narrative travels the length and breadth of Europe, from the Neanderthals of central Germany to the Cro-Magnon in France. Bojs visited the ancient caves, realizing that her direct ancestors must have been living in the area when the cave art was painted. A second DNA analysis later revealed she has Sami (i.e. Lapp) genetic material in her genome, and there were further revelations about her hunter-gatherer, Bronze-Age, and Iron-Age relatives, including the Vikings. This fresh, first-person exploration of genes and genetics goes well beyond personal genealogy and reveals much about the shared history of European peoples.
Posted in Science

Ancient Libraries

Author: Jason König,Katerina Oikonomopoulou,Greg Woolf

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107244587

Category: History

Page: N.A

View: 2059

The circulation of books was the motor of classical civilization. But books were both expensive and rare, and so libraries - private and public, royal and civic - played key roles in articulating intellectual life. This collection, written by an international team of scholars, presents a fundamental reassessment of how ancient libraries came into being, how they were organized and how they were used. Drawing on papyrology and archaeology, and on accounts written by those who read and wrote in them, it presents new research on reading cultures, on book collecting and on the origins of monumental library buildings. Many of the traditional stories told about ancient libraries are challenged. Few were really enormous, none were designed as research centres, and occasional conflagrations do not explain the loss of most ancient texts. But the central place of libraries in Greco-Roman culture emerges more clearly than ever.
Posted in History

Imperial Triumph

The Roman World from Hadrian to Constantine

Author: Michael Kulikowski

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781846683718

Category:

Page: 386

View: 5619

Imperial Triumph presents the history of Rome at the height of its imperial power. Beginning with the reign of Hadrian in Rome and ending with the death of Julian the Apostate on campaign in Persia, it offers an intimate account of the twists and often deadly turns of imperial politics in which successive emperors rose and fell with sometimes bewildering rapidity. Yet, despite this volatility, the Romans were able to see off successive attacks by Parthians, Germans, Persians and Goths and to extend and entrench their position as masters of Europe and the Mediterranean. This books shows how they managed to do it.Professor Michael Kulikowski describes the empire's cultural integration in the second century, the political crises of the third when Rome's Mediterranean world became subject to the larger forces of Eurasian history, and the remaking of Roman imperial institutions in the fourth century under Constantine and his son Constantius II. The Constantinian revolution, Professor Kulikowski argues, was the pivot on which imperial fortunes turned - and the beginning of the parting of ways between the eastern and western empires.This sweeping account of one of the world's greatest empires at its magnificent peak is incisive, authoritative and utterly gripping.
Posted in

Ambiguities of Domination

Politics, Rhetoric, and Symbols in Contemporary Syria

Author: Lisa Wedeen

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 022634553X

Category: Political Science

Page: 272

View: 8067

Treating rhetoric and symbols as central rather than peripheral to politics, Lisa Wedeen’s groundbreaking book offers a compelling counterargument to those who insist that politics is primarily about material interests and the groups advocating for them. During the thirty-year rule of President Hafiz al-Asad’s regime, his image was everywhere. In newspapers, on television, and during orchestrated spectacles. Asad was praised as the “father,” the “gallant knight,” even the country’s “premier pharmacist.” Yet most Syrians, including those who create the official rhetoric, did not believe its claims. Why would a regime spend scarce resources on a personality cult whose content is patently spurious? Wedeen shows how such flagrantly fictitious claims were able to produce a politics of public dissimulation in which citizens acted as if they revered the leader. By inundating daily life with tired symbolism, the regime exercised a subtle, yet effective form of power. The cult worked to enforce obedience, induce complicity, isolate Syrians from one another, and set guidelines for public speech and behavior. Wedeen‘s ethnographic research demonstrates how Syrians recognized the disciplinary aspects of the cult and sought to undermine them. In a new preface, Wedeen discusses the uprising against the Syrian regime that began in 2011 and questions the usefulness of the concept of legitimacy in trying to analyze and understand authoritarian regimes.
Posted in Political Science

The culture of calamity

disaster and the making of modern America

Author: Kevin Rozario

Publisher: University Of Chicago Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 313

View: 3308

Turn on the news and it looks as if we live in a time and place unusually consumed by the specter of disaster. The events of 9/11 and the promise of future attacks, Hurricane Katrina and the destruction of New Orleans, and the inevitable consequences of environmental devastation all contribute to an atmosphere of imminent doom. But reading an account of the San Francisco earthquake of 1906, with its vivid evocation of buildings “crumbling as one might crush a biscuit,” we see that calamities—whether natural or man-made—have long had an impact on the American consciousness. Uncovering the history of Americans’ responses to disaster from their colonial past up to the present, Kevin Rozario reveals the vital role that calamity—and our abiding fascination with it—has played in the development of this nation. Beginning with the Puritan view of disaster as God’s instrument of correction, Rozario explores how catastrophic events frequently inspired positive reactions. He argues that they have shaped American life by providing an opportunity to take stock of our values and social institutions. Destruction leads naturally to rebuilding, and here we learn that disasters have been a boon to capitalism, and, paradoxically, indispensable to the construction of dominant American ideas of progress. As Rozario turns to the present, he finds that the impulse to respond creatively to disasters is mitigated by a mania for security. Terror alerts and duct tape represent the cynical politician’s attitude about 9/11, but Rozario focuses on how the attacks registered in the popular imagination—how responses to genuine calamity were mediated by the hyperreal thrills of movies; how apocalyptic literature, like the best-selling Left Behind series, recycles Puritan religious outlooks while adopting Hollywood’s style; and how the convergence of these two ways of imagining disaster points to a new postmodern culture of calamity. The Culture of Calamity will stand as the definitive diagnosis of the peculiarly American addiction to the spectacle of destruction.
Posted in History

The World in Guangzhou

Africans and Other Foreigners in South China’s Global Marketplace

Author: Gordon Mathews,Linessa Dan Lin,Yang Yang

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226506074

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 3733

Only decades ago, the population of Guangzhou was almost wholly Chinese. Today, it is a truly global city, a place where people from around the world go to make new lives, find themselves, or further their careers. A large number of these migrants are small-scale traders from Africa who deal in Chinese goods—often knockoffs or copies of high-end branded items—to send back to their home countries. In The World in Guangzhou, Gordon Mathews explores the question of how the city became a center of “low-end globalization” and shows what we can learn from that experience about similar transformations elsewhere in the world. Through detailed ethnographic portraits, Mathews reveals a world of globalization based on informality, reputation, and trust rather than on formal contracts. How, he asks, can such informal relationships emerge between two groups—Chinese and sub-Saharan Africans—that don't share a common language, culture, or religion? And what happens when Africans move beyond their status as temporary residents and begin to put down roots and establish families? Full of unforgettable characters, The World in Guangzhou presents a compelling account of globalization at ground level and offers a look into the future of urban life as transnational connections continue to remake cities around the world.
Posted in Social Science