Orthodox Christianity in Imperial Russia

A Source Book on Lived Religion

Author: Heather J. Coleman

Publisher: Indiana University Press

ISBN: 0253013186

Category: Religion

Page: 352

View: 5355

From sermons and clerical reports to personal stories of faith, this book of translated primary documents reveals the lived experience of Orthodox Christianity in 19th- and early 20th-century Russia. These documents allow us to hear the voices of educated and uneducated writers, of clergy and laity, nobles and merchants, workers and peasants, men and women, Russians and Ukrainians. Orthodoxy emerges here as a multidimensional and dynamic faith. Beyond enhancing our understanding of Orthodox Christianity as practiced in Imperial Russia, this thoughtfully edited volume offers broad insights into the relationship between religious narrative and social experience and reveals religion's central place in the formation of world views and narrative traditions.
Posted in Religion

Geschichte der russischen Kirche

1700-1917

Author: Igor Smolitsch

Publisher: Brill Archive

ISBN: N.A

Category: Russia

Page: 734

View: 3305

Posted in Russia

A History of Russian Christianity, Vol. IV

Tsar Nicholas II to Gorbachev’s Edict on the Freedom of Conscience

Author: Daniel H. Shubin

Publisher: Algora Publishing

ISBN: 0875864430

Category: Religion

Page: 196

View: 3538

From Apostle Andrew to the conclusion of Soviet authority in 1990, Daniel Shubin presents the entire history of Christianity in Russia in a 3-volume series. The events, people and politics that forged the earliest traditions of Russian Christianity are presented objectively and intensively, describing the rise and dominance of the Russian Orthodox Church, the many dissenters and sectarian groups that evolved over the centuries (and their persecution), the presence of Catholicism and the influx of Protestantism and Judaism and other minority religions into Russia. The history covers the higher levels of ecclesiastical activity including the involvement of tsars and princes, as well as saints and serfs, and monks and mystics. This, the first volume, deals with the period from Apostle Andrew to the death of Tsar Ivan the Terrible, just prior to the election of the first Russian Patriarch, a period of almost 1600 years.
Posted in Religion

The Cambridge History of Christianity: Volume 5, Eastern Christianity

Author: Michael Angold

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521811139

Category: Religion

Page: 722

View: 5589

This volume encompasses the whole Christian Orthodox tradition from 1200 to the present. Its central theme is the survival of Orthodoxy against the odds into the modern era. It celebrates the resilience shown in the face of hostile regimes and social pressures in this often-neglected period of Orthodox history.
Posted in Religion

Kreuz und Kreml

Geschichte der orthodoxen Kirche in Russland

Author: Thomas Bremer

Publisher: Verlag Herder GmbH

ISBN: 3451809575

Category: Religion

Page: 272

View: 4747

Das Standardwerk des Ostkirchenexperten Thomas Bremer erscheint in einer zweiten, stark überarbeiteten und aktualisierten Auflage. Nach einem Durchgang durch die Kirchengeschichte der Russischen Orthodoxen Kirche werden wichtige Themen wie Ausbreitung und Mission, die Beziehung zwischen Staat und Kirche, die Frömmigkeit oder das Mönchtum dargestellt. Auch werden Fragen wie die Haltung der russischen Orthodoxie zum Westen oder ihre Position zu den aktuellen Ereignissen in der Ukraine erörtert.
Posted in Religion

Of Religion and Empire

Missions, Conversion, and Tolerance in Tsarist Russia

Author: Robert P. Geraci,Michael Khodarkovsky

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 9780801487033

Category: History

Page: 356

View: 5602

This book is the first to investigate the role of religious conversion in the long history of Russian state building, with geographic coverage from Poland and European Russia to the Caucasus, Central Asia, Siberia, and Alaska.
Posted in History

Enzyklika Dominum et Vivificantem

Über den heiligen Geist im Leben der Kirche und der Welt

Author: Papst Johannes Paul II

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783945462171

Category:

Page: 114

View: 6370

Die Kirche bekennt ihren Glauben an den Heiligen Geist als den, der Herr ist und lebendig macht. So spricht sie im sogenannten nizano-konstantinopolitanischen Glaubensbekenntnis, das nach den beiden Konzilien - dem von Nizaa (325) und dem von Konstantinopel (381) - benannt ist, auf denen es formuliert oder verkundet worden ist. Darin fugt man noch hinzu, dass der Heilige Geist durch die Propheten gesprochen hat. Diese Worte empfangt die Kirche aus der Quelle ihres Glaubens selbst, von Jesus Christus. Nach dem Johannesevangelium ist uns ja mit dem neuen Leben der Heilige Geist geschenkt worden, wie Jesus am grossen Tag des Laubhuttenfestes ankundigt und verspricht: Wer Durst hat, komme zu mir, und es trinke, wer an mich glaubt. Wie die Schrift sagt: Aus seinem Inneren werden Strome von lebendigem Wasser fliessen. Und der Evangelist erklart dies: Damit meinte er den Geist, den alle empfangen sollten, die an ihn glauben. Das ist derselbe Vergleich mit dem Wasser, den Jesus im Gesprach mit der samaritischen Frau benutzt, wenn er von der sprudelnden Quelle spricht, deren Wasser ewiges Leben schenkt, wie auch im Gesprach mit Nikodemus, wenn er die Notwendigkeit einer neuen Geburt aus Wasser und Geist ankundigt, um in das Reich Gottes zu kommen. Durch das Wort Christi belehrt und durch die Pfingsterfahrung und die eigene apostolische Geschichte bereichert, verkundet die Kirche deshalb von Anfang an ihren Glauben an den Heiligen Geist als den, der lebendig macht und in dem sich der unerforschliche dreieinige Gott den Menschen mitteilt und so in ihnen die Quelle zum ewigen Leben begrundet."
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Containing Balkan Nationalism

Imperial Russia and Ottoman Christians, 1856-1914

Author: Associate Professor of History Denis Vovchenko

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190276673

Category: HISTORY

Page: 360

View: 3489

"Containing Balkan Nationalism highlights the efforts by ecclesiastics, publicists, and diplomats in Russia, the Ottoman Empire, Greece, and Bulgaria to develop and implement various plans to reconcile ethnic differences within existing religious and dynastic frameworks. Those arrangements were often inspired by modern visions of a political and cultural union of Orthodox Slavs and Greeks"--
Posted in HISTORY

The Encyclopedia of Eastern Orthodox Christianity, 2 Volume Set

Author: John Anthony McGuckin

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781444392548

Category: Religion

Page: 872

View: 1077

With a combination of essay-length and short entries written by a team of leading religious experts, the two-volume Encyclopedia of Eastern Orthodoxy offers the most comprehensive guide to the cultural and intellectual world of Eastern Orthodox Christianity available in English today. An outstanding reference work providing the first English language multi-volume account of the key historical, liturgical, doctrinal features of Eastern Orthodoxy, including the Non-Chalcedonian churches Explores of the major traditions of Eastern Orthodoxy in detail, including the Armenian, Byzantine, Coptic, Ethiopic, Slavic, Romanian, Syriac churches Uniquely comprehensive, it is edited by one of the leading scholars in the field and provides authoritative but accessible articles by a range of top international academics and Orthodox figures Spans the period from Late Antiquity to the present, encompassing subjects including history, theology, liturgy, monasticism, sacramentology, canon law, philosophy, folk culture, architecture, archaeology, martyrology, hagiography, all alongside a large and generously detailed prosopography Structured alphabetically and topically cross-indexed, with entries ranging from 100 to 6,000 words
Posted in Religion

Historiography of Imperial Russia: The Profession and Writing of History in a Multinational State

The Profession and Writing of History in a Multinational State

Author: Thomas Sanders

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317468627

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 521

View: 7683

This collection of the best new and recent work on historical consciousness and practice in late Imperial Russia assembles the building blocks for a fundamental reconceptualization of Russian history and history writing.
Posted in Literary Criticism

Icon and Devotion

Sacred Spaces in Imperial Russia

Author: Oleg Tarasov

Publisher: Reaktion Books

ISBN: 186189550X

Category: Art

Page: 416

View: 1281

Icon and Devotion offers the first extensive presentation in English of the making and meaning of Russian icons. The craft of icon-making is set into the context of forms of worship that emerged in the Russian Orthodox Church in the mid-seventeenth century. Oleg Tarasov shows how icons have held a special place in Russian consciousness because they represented idealized images of Holy Russia. He also looks closely at how and why icons were made. Wonder-working saints and the leaders of such religious schisms as the Old Believers appear in these pages, which are illustrated with miniature paintings, lithographs and engravings never before published in the English-speaking world. By tracing the artistic vocabulary, techniques and working methods of icon painters, Tarasov shows how icons have been integral to the history of Russian art, influenced by folk and mainstream currents alike. As well as articulating the specifically Russian piety they invoke, he analyzes the significance of icons in the cultural life of modern Russia in the context of popular prints and poster design.
Posted in Art

Zwischen Reform und Revolution

Die Deutschen an Der Wolga, 1869-1917

Author: Dittmar Dahlmann,Ralph Tuchtenhagen

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783884741719

Category: Germans

Page: 407

View: 1193

Posted in Germans

Becoming Muslim in Imperial Russia

Conversion, Apostasy, and Literacy

Author: Agnès Nilüfer Kefeli

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 080145476X

Category: History

Page: 312

View: 3598

In the nineteenth century, the Russian Empire’s Middle Volga region (today’s Tatarstan) was the site of a prolonged struggle between Russian Orthodoxy and Islam, each of which sought to solidify its influence among the frontier’s mix of Turkic, Finno-Ugric, and Slavic peoples. The immediate catalyst of the events that Agnès Nilüfer Kefeli chronicles in Becoming Muslim in Imperial Russia was the collective turn to Islam by many of the region’s Kräshens, the Muslim and animist Tatars who converted to Russian Orthodoxy between the sixteenth and eighteenth centuries. The traditional view holds that the apostates had really been Muslim all along or that their conversions had been forced by the state or undertaken voluntarily as a matter of convenience. In Kefeli’s view, this argument vastly oversimplifies the complexity of a region where many participated in the religious cultures of both Islam and Orthodox Christianity and where a vibrant Kräshen community has survived to the present. By analyzing Russian, Eurasian, and Central Asian ethnographic, administrative, literary, and missionary sources, Kefeli shows how traditional education, with Sufi mystical components, helped to Islamize Finno-Ugric and Turkic peoples in the Kama-Volga countryside and set the stage for the development of modernist Islam in Russia. Of particular interest is Kefeli’s emphasis on the role that Tatar women (both Kräshen and Muslim) played as holders and transmitters of Sufi knowledge. Today, she notes, intellectuals and mullahs in Tatarstan seek to revive both Sufi and modernist traditions to counteract new expressions of Islam and promote a purely Tatar Islam aware of its specificity in a post-Christian and secular environment.
Posted in History

Imperial Russia

A Reference Handbook

Author: J. Paxton

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230598722

Category: History

Page: 257

View: 5510

Imperial Russia provides an accessible reference tool for students, researchers, historians and Russian history enthusiasts. It covers the period from Ivan IV to the death of Nicholas II. There are chronologies for each of the reigns and the handbook covers important political and administrative changes, the influence of the West, religion, serfdom, and economic progress. Wars and international relations are succinctly explained as is the rise of radicalism and the revolutions of 1905 and 1917. Other sections deal with education, the arts, law, press and censorship. It is essential reading for anyone interested in Soviet and East European history.
Posted in History

Orthodox Russia

Belief and Practice Under the Tsars

Author: Valerie Ann Kivelson,Robert H. Greene

Publisher: Penn State University Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Religion

Page: 291

View: 6077

This volume concentrates on the lived religious experience - how Orthodoxy touched the lives of a wide variety of subjects of the Russian state, from clerics awaiting the apocalypse in the 15th century to nuns adapting to the attacks on organized religion under the Soviets.
Posted in Religion

Stalin

Paradoxes of Power, 1878-1928

Author: Stephen Kotkin

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 0698170105

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 976

View: 7025

A magnificent new biography that revolutionizes our understanding of Stalin and his world It has the quality of myth: a poor cobbler’s son, a seminarian from an oppressed outer province of the Russian empire, reinvents himself as a top leader in a band of revolutionary zealots. When the band seizes control of the country in the aftermath of total world war, the former seminarian ruthlessly dominates the new regime until he stands as absolute ruler of a vast and terrible state apparatus, with dominion over Eurasia. While still building his power base within the Bolshevik dictatorship, he embarks upon the greatest gamble of his political life and the largest program of social reengineering ever attempted: the collectivization of all agriculture and industry across one sixth of the earth. Millions will die, and many more millions will suffer, but the man will push through to the end against all resistance and doubts. Where did such power come from? In Stalin, Stephen Kotkin offers a biography that, at long last, is equal to this shrewd, sociopathic, charismatic dictator in all his dimensions. The character of Stalin emerges as both astute and blinkered, cynical and true believing, people oriented and vicious, canny enough to see through people but prone to nonsensical beliefs. We see a man inclined to despotism who could be utterly charming, a pragmatic ideologue, a leader who obsessed over slights yet was a precocious geostrategic thinker—unique among Bolsheviks—and yet who made egregious strategic blunders. Through it all, we see Stalin’s unflinching persistence, his sheer force of will—perhaps the ultimate key to understanding his indelible mark on history. Stalin gives an intimate view of the Bolshevik regime’s inner geography of power, bringing to the fore fresh materials from Soviet military intelligence and the secret police. Kotkin rejects the inherited wisdom about Stalin’s psychological makeup, showing us instead how Stalin’s near paranoia was fundamentally political, and closely tracks the Bolshevik revolution’s structural paranoia, the predicament of a Communist regime in an overwhelmingly capitalist world, surrounded and penetrated by enemies. At the same time, Kotkin demonstrates the impossibility of understanding Stalin’s momentous decisions outside of the context of the tragic history of imperial Russia. The product of a decade of intrepid research, Stalin is a landmark achievement, a work that recasts the way we think about the Soviet Union, revolution, dictatorship, the twentieth century, and indeed the art of history itself. Stalin: Waiting for Hitler, 1929-1941 will be published by Penguin Press in October 2017
Posted in Biography & Autobiography

Stalin, Vol. I

Paradoxes of Power, 1878-1928

Author: Stephen Kotkin

Publisher: Penguin UK

ISBN: 0718192982

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 976

View: 6415

The magnificent new biography that revolutionizes our understanding of Stalin and his world In January 1928 Stalin, the ruler of the largest country in the world, boarded a train bound for Siberia where he would embark upon the greatest gamble of his political life. He was about to begin the largest programme of social reengineering ever attempted: the root-and-branch uprooting and collectivization of agriculture and industry across the entire Soviet Union. Millions would die, and many more would suffer. How did Stalin get to this point? Where did such great, monstrous power come from? The first of three volumes, the product of a decade of scrupulous and intrepid research, this landmark book offers the most convincing portrait and explanation yet of Stalin's power, and of Russian power in the world. The book is as much about the Russia that Stalin inherits and reshapes as about the man himself. It gives a brilliantly nuanced picture of the sequence of catastrophes that disposed of the social structures, armies, rivals and close colleagues that should have stood in Stalin's way, as he emerged from obscurity to shoulder the terrifying responsibility of upholding Russian power in the world.
Posted in Biography & Autobiography

Imperial Russian Foreign Policy

Author: Hugh Ragsdale,V. N. Ponomarev

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521442299

Category: History

Page: 457

View: 3689

Imperial Russian Foreign Policy aims to demythologise a field hitherto dominated by suspicions of diabolical cunning, inscrutable motives, and international plots using unseen forces of the gigantic, fear-inspiring empire of the tsar. The contributors, leading historians from both Russia and the West, examine Imperial foreign policy from its origins to the October Revolution, revealing a policy that, as in other countries, had a complex of motives - commerce, nationalism, the interests of various social groups - but an unusual origin, coming almost exclusively from the entourage of the tsar. The work is based largely on original research in Soviet archives, which only became possible after Soviet glasnost.
Posted in History

Russian Orthodoxy on the Eve of Revolution

Author: Vera Shevzov

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199882487

Category: Religion

Page: 376

View: 8709

Since the collapse of the Soviet Union, Orthodox Christianity in Russia has enjoyed a remarkable resurgence. Many Russians are now looking to the history of their faith as they try to rebuild a lost way of life. Vera Shevzov has spent ten years researching Orthodoxy as it was lived in the years before the 1917 Revolution. In Russian Orthodoxy on the Eve of Revolution, she draws on a rich variety of previously untapped archival sources and published works unavailable in the West to reconstruct the religious world of lay people. Shevzov traces the means by which men and women shaped their religious lives in an ecclesiastical system that was often dominated by bureaucrats and monastic bishops. She finds vivid displays of resistance to the official system and equally vivid affirmations of faith. Focusing on various "centers" of religious life--the church temple, chapels, feasts, icons, and the Virgin Mary--she traces the rituals, beliefs, and communal dynamics that lent these centers meaning. Shevzov also presents the conflicting voices of ecclesiastical officials. She questions the notion that the only challenge to Orthodoxy at the end of the ancien regime came from outsiders such as Marxist revolutionaries, atheistic intellectuals, and urban factor workers. Instead, she shows that a different but equally great challenge emerged within the faith community itself. Indeed, the late nineteenth and early twentieth century is revealed as one of the most dynamic periods in the history of Russian Orthodoxy, characterized by debates analogous to the Reformation or the era of Vatican II. Russian Orthodoxy on the Eve of Revolution breaks new ground by giving voice to the previously-ignored common people during this period immediately preceding one of the most important events of the twentieth century.
Posted in Religion