Origins of Human Innovation and Creativity

Author: Scott Elias

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0444538216

Category: Science

Page: 132

View: 7481

Innovation and creativity are two of the key characteristics that distinguish cultural transmission from biological transmission. This book explores a number of questions concerning the nature and timing of the origins of human creativity. What were the driving factors in the development of new technologies? What caused the stasis in stone tool technological innovation in the Early Pleistocene? Were there specific regions and episodes of enhanced technological development, or did it occur at a steady pace where ancestral humans lived? The authors are archaeologists who address these questions, armed with data from ancient artefacts such as shell beads used as jewelry, primitive musical instruments, and sophisticated techniques required to fashion certain kinds of stone into tools. Providing 'state of art' discussions that step back from the usual archaeological publications that focus mainly on individual site discoveries, this book presents the full picture on how and why creativity in Middle to Late Pleistocene archeology/anthropology evolved. Gives a full, original and multidisciplinary perspective on how and why creativity evolved in the Middle to Late Pleistocene Enhances our understanding of the big leaps forward in creativity at certain times Assesses the intellectual creativity of Homo erectus, H. neanderthalensis, and H. sapiens via their artefacts
Posted in Science

The Origin of Ideas

Blending, Creativity, and the Human Spark

Author: Mark Turner

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019998882X

Category: Medical

Page: 300

View: 7912

Humans are unique among all other species in having one cognitive attribute-the ability, almost without conscious effort, to engage in blending. This is the first book that brings the theory of blending to a wide audience and shows how blending is at the heart of the origin of ideas.
Posted in Medical

Creativity

The Human Brain in the Age of Innovation

Author: Elkhonon Goldberg PhD, ABPP

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190466510

Category: Medical

Page: 288

View: 625

What is the nature of human creativity? What are the brain processes behind its mystique? What are the evolutionary roots of creativity? How does culture help shape individual creativity? Creativity: The Human Brain in the Age of Innovation by Elkhonon Goldberg is arguably the first ever book to address these and other questions in a way that is both rigorous and engaging, demystifying human creativity for the general public. The synthesis of neuroscience and the humanities is a unique feature of the book, making it of interest to an unusually broad range of readership. Drawing on a number of cutting-edge discoveries from brain research as well as on his own insights as a neuroscientist and neuropsychologist, Goldberg integrates them with a wide-ranging discussion of history, culture, and evolution to arrive at an original, compelling, and at times provocative understanding of the nature of human creativity. To make his argument, Goldberg discusses the origins of language, the nature of several neurological disorders, animal cognition, virtual reality, and even artificial intelligence. In the process, he takes the reader to different times and places, from antiquity to the future, and from Western Europe to South-East Asia. He makes bold predictions about the future directions of creativity and innovation in society, their multiple biological and cultural roots and expressions, about how they will shape society for generations to come, and even how they will change the ways the human brain develops and ages.
Posted in Medical

The Origins of Creativity

Author: Edward O. Wilson

Publisher: Liveright Publishing

ISBN: 1631493191

Category: Science

Page: 256

View: 1502

An eloquent exploration of creativity, The Origins of Creativity grapples with the question of how this uniquely human expression—so central to our identity as individuals and, collectively, as a species—came about and how it has manifested itself throughout the history of our species. In this profound and lyrical book, one of our most celebrated biologists offers a sweeping examination of the relationship between the humanities and the sciences: what they offer to each other, how they can be united, and where they still fall short. Both endeavours, Edward O. Wilson reveals, have their roots in human creativity—the defining trait of our species. Reflecting on the deepest origins of language, storytelling, and art, Wilson demonstrates how creativity began not ten thousand years ago, as we have long assumed, but over one hundred thousand years ago in the Paleolithic age. Chronicling this evolution of creativity from primate ancestors to humans, The Origins of Creativity shows how the humanities, spurred on by the invention of language, have played a largely unexamined role in defining our species. And in doing so, Wilson explores what we can learn about human nature from a surprising range of creative endeavors—the instinct to create gardens, the use of metaphors and irony in speech, and the power of music and song. Our achievements in science and the humanities, Wilson notes, make us uniquely advanced as a species, but also give us the potential to be supremely dangerous, most worryingly in our abuse of the planet. The humanities in particular suffer from a kind of anthropomorphism, encumbered by a belief that we are the only species among millions that seem to matter, yet Wilson optimistically reveals how researchers will have to address this parlous situation by pushing further into the realm of science, especially fields such as evolutionary biology, neuroscience, and anthropology. With eloquence and humanity, Wilson calls for a transformational "Third Enlightenment," in which the blending of these endeavors will give us a deeper understanding of the human condition and our crucial relationship with the natural world.
Posted in Science

Where Good Ideas Come From

Author: Steven Johnson

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 1101444207

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 336

View: 8808

Look out for Johnson’s new book, Wonderland, now on sale. The printing press, the pencil, the flush toilet, the battery--these are all great ideas. But where do they come from? What kind of environment breeds them? What sparks the flash of brilliance? How do we generate the breakthrough technologies that push forward our lives, our society, our culture? Steven Johnson's answers are revelatory as he identifies the seven key patterns behind genuine innovation, and traces them across time and disciplines. From Darwin and Freud to the halls of Google and Apple, Johnson investigates the innovation hubs throughout modern time and pulls out the approaches and commonalities that seem to appear at moments of originality.
Posted in Business & Economics

Human Evolution and the Origins of Hierarchies

The State of Nature

Author: Benoît Dubreuil

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139491318

Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

View: 2182

In this book, Benoît Dubreuil explores the creation and destruction of hierarchies in human evolution. Combining the methods of archaeology, anthropology, cognitive neuroscience and primatology, he offers a natural history of hierarchies from the point of view of both cultural and biological evolution. This volume explains why dominance hierarchies typical of primate societies disappeared in the human lineage and why the emergence of large-scale societies during the Neolithic period implied increased social differentiation, the creation of status hierarchies, and, eventually, political centralisation.
Posted in Social Science

Play, Playfulness, Creativity and Innovation

Author: Patrick Bateson,Paul Patrick Gordon Bateson,Paul Martin

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107015138

Category: Medical

Page: 166

View: 5415

Examines the role of playfulness in animal and human development, highlighting its links to creativity and, in turn, to innovation.
Posted in Medical

The Runaway Species

How human creativity remakes the world

Author: David Eagleman,Anthony Brandt

Publisher: Catapult

ISBN: 1936787679

Category: Psychology

Page: 296

View: 2234

“The authors look at art and science together to examine how innovations—from Picasso’s initially offensive paintings to Steve Jobs’s startling iPhone—build on what already exists and rely on three brain operations: bending, breaking and blending. This manifesto . . . shows how both disciplines foster creativity.” —The Wall Street Journal “The Runaway Species approach[es] creativity scientifically but sensitively, feeling its roots without pulling them out.” —The Economist The Runaway Species is a deep dive into the creative mind, a celebration of the human spirit, and a vision of how we can improve our future by understanding and embracing our ability to innovate. David Eagleman and Anthony Brandt seek to answer the question: what lies at the heart of humanity’s ability—and drive—to create? Our ability to remake our world is unique among all living things. But where does our creativity come from, how does it work, and how can we harness it to improve our lives, schools, businesses, and institutions? Eagleman and Brandt examine hundreds of examples of human creativity through dramatic storytelling and stunning images in this beautiful, full-color volume. By drawing out what creative acts have in common and viewing them through the lens of cutting-edge neuroscience, they uncover the essential elements of this critical human ability, and encourage a more creative future for all of us.
Posted in Psychology

Innovation, Creativity, and Discovery in Modern Organizations

Author: Wayne Miles Bundy

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9781567205695

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 286

View: 9670

Bundy shows how the evolution of knowledge can take us to unimaginably higher levels of human achievement, and offers a new model for the understanding and implementation of creativity and discovery. He provides guidelines that will vitalize technical thinking, and useful insights into the creative process that will benefit all who are concerned with growth and innovation, and shows how "unconventionality when reduced to rationalism offers a pathway to successful innovation." With the global economy expanding so rapidly and with the deplorable rise in the use of technology to create man-made disasters, Bundy shows how essential it is for leaders in industry, government, and politics to understand how innovation occurs, and how to generate and control creativity for the benefit of all of us. Written for laymen as well as specialists in fields other than science, Bundy's book is a fascinating, needed look into how things come to be what they are and how to bring about new things that will advance civilization and help the world to prosper.
Posted in Business & Economics

Cities and Creativity from the Renaissance to the Present

Author: Ilja Van Damme,Bert De Munck,Andrew Miles

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351681796

Category: History

Page: 276

View: 4476

This volume critically challenges the current creative city debate from a historical perspective. In the last two decades, urban studies has been engulfed by a creative city narrative in which concepts like the creative economy, the creative class or creative industries proclaim the status of the city as the primary site of human creativity and innovation. So far, however, nobody has challenged the core premise underlying this narrative, asking why we automatically have to look at cities as being the agents of change and innovation. What processes have been at work historically before the predominance of cities in nurturing creativity and innovation was established? In order to tackle this question, the editors of this volume have collected case studies ranging from Renaissance Firenze and sixteenth-century Antwerp to early modern Naples, Amsterdam, Bologna, Paris, to industrializing Sheffield and nineteenth-and twentieth century cities covering Scandinavian port towns, Venice, and London, up to the French techno-industrial city Grenoble. Jointly, these case studies show that a creative city is not an objective or ontological reality, but rather a complex and heterogenic "assemblage," in which material, infrastructural and spatial elements become historically entangled with power-laden discourses, narratives and imaginaries about the city and urban actor groups.
Posted in History

The Creative Spark

How Imagination Made Humans Exceptional

Author: Agustín Fuentes

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 1101983957

Category: Social Science

Page: 336

View: 1399

A bold new synthesis of paleontology, archaeology, genetics, and anthropology that overturns misconceptions about race, war and peace, and human nature itself, answering an age-old question: What made humans so exceptional among all the species on Earth? Creativity. It is the secret of what makes humans special, hiding in plain sight. Agustín Fuentes argues that your child's finger painting comes essentially from the same place as creativity in hunting and gathering millions of years ago, and throughout history in making war and peace, in intimate relationships, in shaping the planet, in our communities, and in all of art, religion, and even science. It requires imagination and collaboration. Every poet has her muse; every engineer, an architect; every politician, a constituency. The manner of the collaborations varies widely, but successful collaboration is inseparable from imagination, and it brought us everything from knives and hot meals to iPhones and interstellar spacecraft. Weaving fascinating stories of our ancient ancestors' creativity, Fuentes finds the patterns that match modern behavior in humans and animals. This key quality has propelled the evolutionary development of our bodies, minds, and cultures, both for good and for bad. It's not the drive to reproduce; nor competition for mates, or resources, or power; nor our propensity for caring for one another that have separated us out from all other creatures. As Fuentes concludes, to make something lasting and useful today you need to understand the nature of your collaboration with others, what imagination can and can't accomplish, and, finally, just how completely our creativity is responsible for the world we live in. Agustín Fuentes's resounding multimillion-year perspective will inspire readers—and spark all kinds of creativity.
Posted in Social Science

Creativity, Law and Entrepreneurship

Author: Shubha Ghosh,Robin Paul Malloy

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 0857933167

Category: Law

Page: 288

View: 9629

Creativity, Law and Entrepreneurship explores the idea of creativity, its relationship to entrepreneurship, and the law's role in inhibiting and promoting it. Our inquiry into law and creativity reduces to an inquiry about what people do, what activities and actions they engage in. What unites law and creativity, work and play, is their shared origins in human activity, however motivated, to whatever purpose directed. In this work contributors from the US and Europe explore the ways in which law incentivizes particular types of activity as they develop themes related to emergent theories of entrepreneurship (public, private, and social); lawyering and the creative process; creativity in a business and social context; and, creativity and the construction of legal rights.
Posted in Law

Creativity, Innovation, and Entrepreneurship

Keys to the Future of Human Society

Author: Zechariah James Blanchard

Publisher: Needle Rat Business

ISBN: 9781935715009

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 116

View: 3867

Creativity, innovation, and entrepreneurship play a crucial role in the development of human society. This title explores various aspects of these three elements of business, how they can be applied by groups and individuals, and how they have influenced the past, molded the present, and might affect the future of our world.
Posted in Business & Economics

The Myths of Creativity

The Truth About How Innovative Companies and People Generate Great Ideas

Author: David Burkus

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118611144

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 214

View: 2813

Debunking 10 common myths, and drawing on the latest research into how creative individuals and firms succeed, this authoritative resource to overcoming creative obstacles demystifies the processes that drive innovation.
Posted in Business & Economics

Sociological and Philosophical Aspects of Human Interaction with Technology: Advancing Concepts

Advancing Concepts

Author: Mesquita, Anabela

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1609605764

Category: Computers

Page: 440

View: 7581

"This book presents a careful blend of conceptual, theoretical and applied research in regards to the relationship between technology and humans, exploring the importance of these interactions, aspects related with trust, communication, data protection, usability concerning organizational change, and e-learning"--Provided by publisher.
Posted in Computers

Designed Leadership

Author: Moura Quayle

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231544685

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 272

View: 4347

Great leaders aspire to manage “by design”—with a sense of purpose and foresight. But too few leaders incorporate the proven practices and principles of the design disciplines.Lessons learned from the world of design, when applied to management, can turn leaders into collaborative, creative, deliberate, and accountable visionaries. Design thinking loosens the mind and activates innovation. It creates the conditions for employees to thrive and for all kinds of businesses to succeed. In Designed Leadership, the strategic-design scholar and urban-systems designer Moura Quayle shares her plan for integrating design and leadership, translating processes, principles, and practices from years of experience into tools of change for professional leaders. Quayle describes the key concepts of designed leadership, such as “make values explicit” and “learn from natural systems,” showing how strategic design can spur individual creativity and harness collective energy. For managers at any level, Designed Leadership uses original visuals and field-tested examples to teach the kind of thinking, theorizing, and practicing that result in long-lasting high performance in the workplace and beyond.
Posted in Business & Economics

Origins of Genius

Darwinian Perspectives on Creativity

Author: Dean Keith Simonton

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0195128796

Category: Psychology

Page: 308

View: 2653

This groundbreaking book applies Darwin's theory of natural selection to the creative process and takes readers inside the mind of genius. Line art.
Posted in Psychology

The Philosophy of Creativity

New Essays

Author: Elliot Samuel Paul,Scott Barry Kaufman

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199836965

Category: Philosophy

Page: 352

View: 5698

Creativity pervades human life. It is the mark of individuality, the vehicle of self-expression, and the engine of progress in every human endeavor. It also raises a wealth of neglected and yet evocative philosophical questions. The Philosophy of Creativity takes up these questions and, in doing so, illustrates the value of interdisciplinary exchange.
Posted in Philosophy

The Nature of Human Creativity

Author: Robert J. Sternberg,James C. Kaufman

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107199816

Category: Psychology

Page: 352

View: 8828

Brings together the research programs and findings of the twenty-four psychological scientists most cited in major textbooks on creativity.
Posted in Psychology

Shaping Humanity

How Science, Art, and Imagination Help Us Understand Our Origins

Author: John Gurche

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 0300182023

Category: Art

Page: 345

View: 9235

Describes the process by which the author uses knowledge of fossil discoveries and comparative ape and human anatomy to create forensically accurate representations of human beings' ancient ancestors.
Posted in Art