Origins of Human Innovation and Creativity

Author: Scott Elias

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0444538216

Category: Science

Page: 132

View: 7200

Innovation and creativity are two of the key characteristics that distinguish cultural transmission from biological transmission. This book explores a number of questions concerning the nature and timing of the origins of human creativity. What were the driving factors in the development of new technologies? What caused the stasis in stone tool technological innovation in the Early Pleistocene? Were there specific regions and episodes of enhanced technological development, or did it occur at a steady pace where ancestral humans lived? The authors are archaeologists who address these questions, armed with data from ancient artefacts such as shell beads used as jewelry, primitive musical instruments, and sophisticated techniques required to fashion certain kinds of stone into tools. Providing 'state of art' discussions that step back from the usual archaeological publications that focus mainly on individual site discoveries, this book presents the full picture on how and why creativity in Middle to Late Pleistocene archeology/anthropology evolved. Gives a full, original and multidisciplinary perspective on how and why creativity evolved in the Middle to Late Pleistocene Enhances our understanding of the big leaps forward in creativity at certain times Assesses the intellectual creativity of Homo erectus, H. neanderthalensis, and H. sapiens via their artefacts
Posted in Science

The Origin of Ideas

Blending, Creativity, and the Human Spark

Author: Mark Turner

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019998882X

Category: Medical

Page: 300

View: 5862

Humans are unique among all other species in having one cognitive attribute-the ability, almost without conscious effort, to engage in blending. This is the first book that brings the theory of blending to a wide audience and shows how blending is at the heart of the origin of ideas.
Posted in Medical

Creativity

The Human Brain in the Age of Innovation

Author: Elkhonon Goldberg

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190466499

Category: Medical

Page: 288

View: 3329

"Creativity: The Human Brain in the Age of Innovation" is about creativity, one of the most cherished and mysterious manifestations of the human mind, and what it is in the human brain and its interaction with culture, that allows us to expand how we think about things, generate new knowledge, and to explore unchartered territories. Based on a growing body of scientific literature, Elkhonon Goldberg points to several brain structures and processes that are involved in the creative process: the frontal lobes, the right and left hemispheres and their respective contributions, subcortical structures, various biochemical systems, and intricate neural network processes that work in concert for the creative act to happen. To that end, he discusses the brain mechanisms of deciding what is important and what is not; of confronting cognitive novelty; and the marshalling of previously acquired knowledge to generate new insights culminating in a creative product. An active researcher neuroscientist and clinician neuropsychologist, who also has a keen interest in history, Elkhonon Goldberg offers an original, and arguably the first coherent account of how multiple brain mechanisms come together in order to culminate in the creative act. While a large body of scientific material is discussed, the book offers much more than a mere review. It presents a novel understanding of how the creative process takes place, and is full of original insights challenging current assumptions and theories.
Posted in Medical

The Evolution of Human Language

Scenarios, Principles, and Cultural Dynamics

Author: Wolfgang Wildgen

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789027251930

Category: Psychology

Page: 236

View: 6556

Wolfgang Wildgen presents three perspectives on the evolution of language as a key element in the evolution of mankind in terms of the development of human symbol use. (1) He approaches this question by constructing possible scenarios in which mechanisms necessary for symbolic behavior could have developed, on the basis of the state of the art in evolutionary anthropology and genetics. (2) Non-linguistic symbolic behavior such as cave art is investigated as an important clue to the developmental background to the origin of language. Creativity and innovation and a population's ability to integrate individual experiments are considered with regard to historical examples of symbolic creativity in the visual arts and natural sciences. (3) Probable linguistic 'fossils' of such linguistic innovations are examined. The results of this study allow for new proposals for a 'protolanguage' and for a theory of language within a broader philosophical and semiotic framework, and raises interesting questions as to human consciousness, universal grammar, and linguistic methodology. (Series B)
Posted in Psychology

Enhancing Entrepreneurial Excellence

Tools for Making the Possible Real

Author: Robert A. Baron

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1781952094

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 208

View: 4161

'Enhancing Entrepreneurial Excellence is a fascinating and valuable treatise on how entrepreneurs achieve the transformation of an idea into a product that is successful in the marketplace. It is practical but well-grounded in the academic research. The book explains the tools that entrepreneurs need to be successful and displays the passion of the author, Robert Baron, to help more entrepreneurs become "engines of change" in order to improve human life. The book is a must read for all scholars of entrepreneurship and aspiring entrepreneurs.' – Michael A. Hitt, Texas A&M University, US The field of entrepreneurship has long pondered the following question: Why, despite their high levels of motivation, effort and commitment, do so many entrepreneurs fail? This innovative volume tackles the complex question of entrepreneurial success, identifying the essential tools necessary for converting ideas into reality and offering concrete means for acquiring and strengthening those tools. Though entrepreneurial success or failure can be partly attributed to external considerations such as market fluctuations and competitor activity, Robert A. Baron argues that the individual entrepreneur is often crucial in determining whether an idea succeeds or fails. Using current, concrete data, the author demonstrates the critical importance of the entrepreneur's skills, knowledge and other personal resources to the outcome of his or her entrepreneurial undertakings. Written in a clear and vibrant style, this groundbreaking book offers both a detailed breakdown of the personal attributes that foster entrepreneurial success as well as helpful suggestions for achieving and enhancing those same attributes in one's own search for entrepreneurial excellence. Professors and students of entrepreneurship, as well as their peers in other innovation-based fields such as engineering and the sciences, will find this book an invaluable resource for both the study and practice of successful entrepreneurship.
Posted in Business & Economics

Creativity and Innovation in Business and Beyond

Social Science Perspectives and Policy Implications

Author: Leon Mann,Janet Chan

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136840648

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 304

View: 3225

Creativity and Innovation in Business and Beyond illustrates the ways in which creativity spurs innovation – not only in the realms of business and management, where the innovation is regularly acknowledged and discussed, but throughout the social sciences. With contributions from experts in fields as far-flung as policy, history, economics, law, psychology, and education, in addition to business and management, this volume explores the manifold avenues for creativity and innovation within and across a multitude of disciplines.
Posted in Business & Economics

Total R & D Management

Strategies and Tactics for 21st Century Healthcare Manufacturers

Author: Roger Dabbah

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0203502426

Category: Medical

Page: 672

View: 6211

Drawing on a lifetime of experience, Roger Dobbah gives readers an in-depth view of R&D survival strategies and tactics and demonstrates how to apply them to any organization. The author provides insights into the role of R&D, the crucial topic of creativity and innovation, and the differences and similarities between general management and R&D management. He covers R&D resources, organizational structures, internal and external environments, R&D interface with other functions, objectives and adaptation, and integration of strategies. It includes coverage of the new R&D dimension of pharmacoeconomics and a full discussion of the regulatory environment impacting the present and future of R&D.
Posted in Medical

Explaining Creativity

The Science of Human Innovation

Author: Robert Keith Sawyer

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0195161645

Category: Psychology

Page: 354

View: 2646

Creativity is part of what makes us human. Perhaps for the first time, we hold in our grasp the potential to explain creativity.
Posted in Psychology

The Psychology of Human Possibility and Constraint

Author: Jack Martin,Jeff Sugarman

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9780791441244

Category: Psychology

Page: 160

View: 4586

Resolves the fundamental debate between cognitivists and social constructionists concerning the metaphysics of human psychology, and offers new insights into therapy, education, and creativity.
Posted in Psychology

Homo Problematis Solvendis–Problem-solving Man

A History of Human Creativity

Author: David H. Cropley

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9789811331008

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 165

View: 945

This book presents the history of modern human creativity/innovation through examples of solutions to basic human needs that have been developed over time. The title – Homo problematis solvendis – is a play on the scientific classifications of humans (e.g. Homo habilus, Homo erectus, Homo sapiens), and is intended to suggest that a defining characteristic of modern humans is our fundamental ability to solve problems (i.e. problem- solving human = Homo problematis solvendis). The book not only offers new perspectives on the history of technology, but also helps readers connect the popular interest in creativity and innovation (in schools, in businesses) with their psychological underpinnings. It discusses why creativity and innovation are vital to societies, and how these key abilities have made it possible for societies to develop into what they are today.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Innovative products in creative companies: how to manage to develop them

Author: Julia Dall

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 3656084181

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 18

View: 2311

Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2010 im Fachbereich BWL - Unternehmensführung, Management, Organisation, Freie Universität Berlin, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Environment, both social and institutional, plays nearly the main part in establishment of creativity in the company. It exists on every enterprise and can serve as the base for spreading the ideas and attitudes to work among the staff, especially in the hands of experienced leaders. Technology in terms of our topic is an educational element in the system of management. Openness and Diversity represent the collective of the company, when different people, sometimes employees of different positions and statuses are open for communication and equal collaboration in the name of the firm’s progress and prosperity. And of course the main part in creativity is Human Capital. They are part of the environment, they can alter the environment and together in cooperation they can create innovative ideas. Usually human capital is most flexible and therefore most creative at the time of the company’s start up, when there is no gap between the leaders of the company and the other staff. Leaders think globally and with their own example infect the ordinary staff in close communication with ideas and with the need to innovate. But with the company’s growth, the amount of the staff grows, there appears the middle layer – managers, who become the connecting link between the leaders of the firm and the staff, and the feeling of unity usually weakens and finally disappears. After analyzing information about how creational the management system of big market players is we found that not every company’s creational environment can fight the crisis of becoming a solid corporation. Information technology in its turn is the field which has more opportunities for innovation and creation than any other due to the fact that it is a new and still developing sphere. That is why we were interested to study an example of a company dealing with a more traditional field where usually success means to follow a prevailing standard. Now we can conclude that creative management can be achieved with the help of two nearly opposite and a little bit contradictive approaches. And we can call them Western-American approach and Eastern-Japanese one. Both have the right to exist and be implemented, both can bring impressive results. The difference between them is in where to put them into practice. Each cultural and geographical environment has the prerequisites to chose one or another depending on which is closer to their mentality: the examples of Google Way or the Toyota Way.
Posted in Business & Economics

The Origins and History of Consciousness

Author: Erich Neumann

Publisher: Karnac Books

ISBN: 1781811040

Category: Psychology

Page: 518

View: 7891

The Origins and History of Consciousness is an important and wide-ranging interpretation of the relations between psychology and mythology. Erich Neumann undertakes to show that the individual consciousness passes through the same archetypal stages of development that marked the history of human consciousness as a whole. He draws upon the full range of world myth in the illustration of his thesis, and his account makes unexpectedly fresh and lively reading in a field not always notable for these qualities. Neumann ends the work with a trenchant commentary on contemporary society.
Posted in Psychology

The Logic of the Spirit in Human Thought and Experience

Exploring the Vision of James E. Loder Jr.

Author: Dana R. Wright,Keith J. White

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 1625646895

Category: Religion

Page: 384

View: 9607

In March 2012 a small consultation convened on the campus of Princeton Theological Seminary, where James E. Loder Jr. had served for forty years as the Mary D. Synnott Professor of the Philosophy of Christian Education. Members from the Child Theology Movement had begun to read Loder's work and they wanted to go further. So they invited former students of Loder's to meet with them for conversations about things that really mattered to them and to Loder: human beings (and especially children), the church's witness to the gospel of Jesus Christ, and discerning the work of Spiritus Creator in the postmodern world. The conversations proved rich and rewarding and some would even say they took on a life of their own--serious scholarship set to the music of the Spirit's communion-creating artistry forming new relationships, inspiring new ideas, and sustaining all of it amid much laughter, joy, and hope. These essays, taken from the papers delivered at the consultation, are offered as a means of extending that conversation inspired by Loder's interdisciplinary practical theological science and his discernment of the "logic of the Spirit." They are offered with confidence that the same Spirit continues to work in all persons who hope for the Spirit's redemptive transformation of all creation, beginning with children.
Posted in Religion

Creativity and Innovation Among Science and Art

A Discussion of the Two Cultures

Author: Christine Charyton

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1447166248

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 239

View: 3048

This edited book will address creativity and innovation among the two cultures of science and art. Disciplines within science and art include: medicine (neurology), music therapy, art therapy, physics, chemistry, engineering, music, improvisation, education and aesthetics. This book will be the first of its kind to appeal to a broad audience of students, scholars, scientists, professionals, practitioners (physicians, psychologists, counsellors and social workers), musicians, artists, educators and administrators. In order to understand creativity and innovation across fields, the approach is multidisciplinary. While there is overlap across disciplines, unique domain specific traits exist in each field and are also discussed in addition to similarities. This book engages the reader with the comparison of similarities and differences through dialog across disciplines. Authors of each chapter address creativity and innovation from their own distinct perspective. Each chapter is transdisciplinary in approach. These perspectives entail a representation of their field through research, teaching, service and/or practice.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

The Origins of Life

The Origins of the Existential Sharing-in-Life

Author: Anna-Teresa Tymieniecka

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401140588

Category: Philosophy

Page: 502

View: 4783

Understanding life through its origins reveals the groundwork underlying the differentiations of its autonomous generative matrixes. Following the primogenital matrix of generation, the three generative matrixes of the specifically human sense of life establish humanness within the creative human condition as the existential sphere of sharing-in-life.
Posted in Philosophy

Play, Playfulness, Creativity and Innovation

Author: Patrick Bateson,Paul Patrick Gordon Bateson,Paul Martin

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107015138

Category: Medical

Page: 166

View: 8784

Examines the role of playfulness in animal and human development, highlighting its links to creativity and, in turn, to innovation.
Posted in Medical

Creative Intelligence

Harnessing the Power to Create, Connect, and Inspire

Author: Bruce Nussbaum

Publisher: Harper Collins

ISBN: 0062088432

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 368

View: 4322

Offering insights from the spheres of anthropology, psychology, education, design, and business, Creative Intelligence by Bruce Nussbaum, a leading thinker, commentator, and curator on the subjects of design, creativity, and innovation, is first book to identify and explore creative intelligence as a new form of cultural literacy and as a powerful method for problem-solving, driving innovation, and sparking start-up capitalism. Nussbaum investigates the ways in which individuals, corporations, and nations are boosting their creative intelligence — CQ—and how that translates into their abilities to make new products and solve new problems. Ultimately, Creative Intelligence shows how to frame problems in new ways and devise solutions that are original and highly social. Smart and eye opening, Creative Intelligence: Harnessing the Power to Create, Connect, and Inspire illustrates how to connect our creative output with a new type of economic system, Indie Capitalism, where creativity is the source of value, where entrepreneurs drive growth, and where social networks are the building blocks of the economy.
Posted in Business & Economics

Decision Making: Social and Creative Dimensions

Author: C.M. Allwood,M. Selart

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401598274

Category: Psychology

Page: 320

View: 1021

Decision making is a complex phenomenon which normally is deeply integrated into social life. At the same time the decision making process often gives the decision maker an opportunity for conscious planning and for taking a reflective stance with respect to the action considered. This suggests that decision making allows creative solutions with a potential to change the course of events both on an individual and a collective level. Given these considerations, we argue that in order to more fully understand decision making the perspectives of different disciplines are needed. In this volume we have attempted to draw together contributions that would provide a broad view of decision making. Much work has been carried out in the writing and editing of this volume. First of all we would like to thank the contributors for their efforts in producing interesting and important texts and for their patience in the editorial process. Each chapter was edited by two or three reviewers. These reviewers are listed on a separate page in this book. Our heartfelt thanks go to them for their time and for their incisive and constructive reviews! We are also grateful to the publishing editors at Kluwer Academic Publishers, Christiane Roll and Dorien Francissen, who have been generous with their encouragement and patience throughout the editorial process.
Posted in Psychology

New Dimensions of Confucian and Neo-Confucian Philosophy

Contemporary Allegory and the Search for Postmodern Faith

Author: Zhongying Cheng

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9780791402832

Category: Religion

Page: 619

View: 7358

This is the first book to thoroughly explore Confucian and Neo-Confucian metaphysics and ethics, building upon the creativity and temporality of human existence and human nature as well as their extension into human culture. Fundamental essays deal cogently with the relationship between Chinese language and Chinese philosophy, offering general categories which shape the matrix of ideas woven in Chinese philosophy from its very beginnings. Along with more general characterizations, there are themes placing Confucian thinkers in touch with modern communication theories, perceptions of individuals, religious themes, and scientific worldviews. Conceptual and comparative essays probe the frontiers of Chinese philosophy in its contemporary Confucian revival.
Posted in Religion