Ordinary Differential Equations

Analysis, Qualitative Theory and Control

Author: Hartmut Logemann,Eugene P. Ryan

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1447163982

Category: Mathematics

Page: 333

View: 9554

The book comprises a rigorous and self-contained treatment of initial-value problems for ordinary differential equations. It additionally develops the basics of control theory, which is a unique feature in current textbook literature. The following topics are particularly emphasised: • existence, uniqueness and continuation of solutions, • continuous dependence on initial data, • flows, • qualitative behaviour of solutions, • limit sets, • stability theory, • invariance principles, • introductory control theory, • feedback and stabilization. The last two items cover classical control theoretic material such as linear control theory and absolute stability of nonlinear feedback systems. It also includes an introduction to the more recent concept of input-to-state stability. Only a basic grounding in linear algebra and analysis is assumed. Ordinary Differential Equations will be suitable for final year undergraduate students of mathematics and appropriate for beginning postgraduates in mathematics and in mathematically oriented engineering and science.
Posted in Mathematics

Essential Partial Differential Equations

Analytical and Computational Aspects

Author: David F. Griffiths,John W. Dold,David J. Silvester

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319225693

Category: Mathematics

Page: 368

View: 2609

This volume provides an introduction to the analytical and numerical aspects of partial differential equations (PDEs). It unifies an analytical and computational approach for these; the qualitative behaviour of solutions being established using classical concepts: maximum principles and energy methods. Notable inclusions are the treatment of irregularly shaped boundaries, polar coordinates and the use of flux-limiters when approximating hyperbolic conservation laws. The numerical analysis of difference schemes is rigorously developed using discrete maximum principles and discrete Fourier analysis. A novel feature is the inclusion of a chapter containing projects, intended for either individual or group study, that cover a range of topics such as parabolic smoothing, travelling waves, isospectral matrices, and the approximation of multidimensional advection–diffusion problems. The underlying theory is illustrated by numerous examples and there are around 300 exercises, designed to promote and test understanding. They are starred according to level of difficulty. Solutions to odd-numbered exercises are available to all readers while even-numbered solutions are available to authorised instructors. Written in an informal yet rigorous style, Essential Partial Differential Equations is designed for mathematics undergraduates in their final or penultimate year of university study, but will be equally useful for students following other scientific and engineering disciplines in which PDEs are of practical importance. The only prerequisite is a familiarity with the basic concepts of calculus and linear algebra.
Posted in Mathematics

An Introduction to Ordinary Differential Equations

Author: Earl A. Coddington

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486131831

Category: Mathematics

Page: 320

View: 9205

A thorough, systematic first course in elementary differential equations for undergraduates in mathematics and science, requiring only basic calculus for a background. Includes many exercises and problems, with answers. Index.
Posted in Mathematics

A Textbook on Ordinary Differential Equations

Author: Shair Ahmad,Antonio Ambrosetti

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319164082

Category: Mathematics

Page: 331

View: 6095

This book offers readers a primer on the theory and applications of Ordinary Differential Equations. The style used is simple, yet thorough and rigorous. Each chapter ends with a broad set of exercises that range from the routine to the more challenging and thought-provoking. Solutions to selected exercises can be found at the end of the book. The book contains many interesting examples on topics such as electric circuits, the pendulum equation, the logistic equation, the Lotka-Volterra system, the Laplace Transform, etc., which introduce students to a number of interesting aspects of the theory and applications. The work is mainly intended for students of Mathematics, Physics, Engineering, Computer Science and other areas of the natural and social sciences that use ordinary differential equations, and who have a firm grasp of Calculus and a minimal understanding of the basic concepts used in Linear Algebra. It also studies a few more advanced topics, such as Stability Theory and Boundary Value Problems, which may be suitable for more advanced undergraduate or first-year graduate students. The second edition has been revised to correct minor errata, and features a number of carefully selected new exercises, together with more detailed explanations of some of the topics. A complete Solutions Manual, containing solutions to all the exercises published in the book, is available. Instructors who wish to adopt the book may request the manual by writing directly to one of the authors.
Posted in Mathematics

Differential Equations

Author: Viorel Barbu

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319452614

Category: Mathematics

Page: 224

View: 3503

This textbook is a comprehensive treatment of ordinary differential equations, concisely presenting basic and essential results in a rigorous manner. Including various examples from physics, mechanics, natural sciences, engineering and automatic theory, Differential Equations is a bridge between the abstract theory of differential equations and applied systems theory. Particular attention is given to the existence and uniqueness of the Cauchy problem, linear differential systems, stability theory and applications to first-order partial differential equations. Upper undergraduate students and researchers in applied mathematics and systems theory with a background in advanced calculus will find this book particularly useful. Supplementary topics are covered in an appendix enabling the book to be completely self-contained.
Posted in Mathematics

Partial Differential Equations in Action

From Modelling to Theory

Author: Sandro Salsa

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319150936

Category: Mathematics

Page: 701

View: 7869

The book is intended as an advanced undergraduate or first-year graduate course for students from various disciplines, including applied mathematics, physics and engineering. It has evolved from courses offered on partial differential equations (PDEs) over the last several years at the Politecnico di Milano. These courses had a twofold purpose: on the one hand, to teach students to appreciate the interplay between theory and modeling in problems arising in the applied sciences, and on the other to provide them with a solid theoretical background in numerical methods, such as finite elements. Accordingly, this textbook is divided into two parts. The first part, chapters 2 to 5, is more elementary in nature and focuses on developing and studying basic problems from the macro-areas of diffusion, propagation and transport, waves and vibrations. In turn the second part, chapters 6 to 11, concentrates on the development of Hilbert spaces methods for the variational formulation and the analysis of (mainly) linear boundary and initial-boundary value problems.
Posted in Mathematics

Differential Equations and Their Applications

An Introduction to Applied Mathematics

Author: M. Braun

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1475749694

Category: Mathematics

Page: 719

View: 1711

For the past several years the Division of Applied Mathematics at Brown University has been teaching an extremely popular sophomore level differential equations course. The immense success of this course is due primarily to two fac tors. First, and foremost, the material is presented in a manner which is rigorous enough for our mathematics and ap plied mathematics majors, but yet intuitive and practical enough for our engineering, biology, economics, physics and geology majors. Secondly, numerous case histories are given of how researchers have used differential equations to solve real life problems. This book is the outgrowth of this course. It is a rigorous treatment of differential equations and their appli cations, and can be understood by anyone who has had a two semester course in Calculus. It contains all the material usually covered in a one or two semester course in differen tial equations. In addition, it possesses the following unique features which distinguish it from other textbooks on differential equations.
Posted in Mathematics

An Introduction to Laplace Transforms and Fourier Series

Author: Phil Dyke

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1447163958

Category: Mathematics

Page: 318

View: 6533

In this book, there is a strong emphasis on application with the necessary mathematical grounding. There are plenty of worked examples with all solutions provided. This enlarged new edition includes generalised Fourier series and a completely new chapter on wavelets. Only knowledge of elementary trigonometry and calculus are required as prerequisites. An Introduction to Laplace Transforms and Fourier Series will be useful for second and third year undergraduate students in engineering, physics or mathematics, as well as for graduates in any discipline such as financial mathematics, econometrics and biological modelling requiring techniques for solving initial value problems.
Posted in Mathematics

The Theory of Differential Equations

Classical and Qualitative

Author: Walter G. Kelley,Allan C. Peterson

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1441957839

Category: Mathematics

Page: 423

View: 1572

For over 300 years, differential equations have served as an essential tool for describing and analyzing problems in many scientific disciplines. This carefully-written textbook provides an introduction to many of the important topics associated with ordinary differential equations. Unlike most textbooks on the subject, this text includes nonstandard topics such as perturbation methods and differential equations and Mathematica. In addition to the nonstandard topics, this text also contains contemporary material in the area as well as its classical topics. This second edition is updated to be compatible with Mathematica, version 7.0. It also provides 81 additional exercises, a new section in Chapter 1 on the generalized logistic equation, an additional theorem in Chapter 2 concerning fundamental matrices, and many more other enhancements to the first edition. This book can be used either for a second course in ordinary differential equations or as an introductory course for well-prepared students. The prerequisites for this book are three semesters of calculus and a course in linear algebra, although the needed concepts from linear algebra are introduced along with examples in the book. An undergraduate course in analysis is needed for the more theoretical subjects covered in the final two chapters.
Posted in Mathematics

Numerical Mathematics

Author: Alfio Maria Quarteroni,Riccardo Sacco,Fausto Saleri

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0387227504

Category: Mathematics

Page: 655

View: 3137

The purpose of this book is to provide the mathematical foundations of numerical methods, to analyze their basic theoretical properties and to demonstrate their performances on examples and counterexamples. Within any specific class of problems, the most appropriate scientific computing algorithms are reviewed, their theoretical analyses are carried out and the expected results are verified using the MATLAB software environment. Each chapter contains examples, exercises and applications of the theory discussed to the solution of real-life problems. While addressed to senior undergraduates and graduates in engineering, mathematics, physics and computer sciences, this text is also valuable for researchers and users of scientific computing in a large variety of professional fields.
Posted in Mathematics

Ordinary Differential Equations

Author: Vladimir I. Arnold

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540548133

Category: Mathematics

Page: 338

View: 9013

Few books on Ordinary Differential Equations (ODEs) have the elegant geometric insight of this one, which puts emphasis on the qualitative and geometric properties of ODEs and their solutions, rather than on routine presentation of algorithms. From the reviews: "Professor Arnold has expanded his classic book to include new material on exponential growth, predator-prey, the pendulum, impulse response, symmetry groups and group actions, perturbation and bifurcation." --SIAM REVIEW
Posted in Mathematics

Stability Theory of Differential Equations

Author: Richard Bellman

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486150135

Category: Mathematics

Page: 176

View: 3906

Suitable for advanced undergraduates and graduate students, this text introduces the stability theory and asymptotic behavior of solutions of linear and nonlinear differential equations. 1953 edition.
Posted in Mathematics

Differential Equations: Methods and Applications

Author: Belkacem Said-Houari

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319257358

Category: Mathematics

Page: 212

View: 4581

This book presents a variety of techniques for solving ordinary differential equations analytically and features a wealth of examples. Focusing on the modeling of real-world phenomena, it begins with a basic introduction to differential equations, followed by linear and nonlinear first order equations and a detailed treatment of the second order linear equations. After presenting solution methods for the Laplace transform and power series, it lastly presents systems of equations and offers an introduction to the stability theory.To help readers practice the theory covered, two types of exercises are provided: those that illustrate the general theory, and others designed to expand on the text material. Detailed solutions to all the exercises are included.The book is excellently suited for use as a textbook for an undergraduate class (of all disciplines) in ordinary differential equations.
Posted in Mathematics

Mathematical Methods of Classical Mechanics

Author: V.I. Arnol'd

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1475720637

Category: Mathematics

Page: 520

View: 1224

This book constructs the mathematical apparatus of classical mechanics from the beginning, examining basic problems in dynamics like the theory of oscillations and the Hamiltonian formalism. The author emphasizes geometrical considerations and includes phase spaces and flows, vector fields, and Lie groups. Discussion includes qualitative methods of the theory of dynamical systems and of asymptotic methods like averaging and adiabatic invariance.
Posted in Mathematics

Differential Equations and Dynamical Systems

Author: Lawrence Perko

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461300037

Category: Mathematics

Page: 557

View: 1072

This textbook presents a systematic study of the qualitative and geometric theory of nonlinear differential equations and dynamical systems. Although the main topic of the book is the local and global behavior of nonlinear systems and their bifurcations, a thorough treatment of linear systems is given at the beginning of the text. All the material necessary for a clear understanding of the qualitative behavior of dynamical systems is contained in this textbook, including an outline of the proof and examples illustrating the proof of the Hartman-Grobman theorem. In addition to minor corrections and updates throughout, this new edition includes materials on higher order Melnikov theory and the bifurcation of limit cycles for planar systems of differential equations.
Posted in Mathematics

Advanced Calculus

Revised

Author: Lynn Harold Loomis,Shlomo Sternberg

Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company

ISBN: 9814583952

Category: Mathematics

Page: 596

View: 8366

An authorised reissue of the long out of print classic textbook, Advanced Calculus by the late Dr Lynn Loomis and Dr Shlomo Sternberg both of Harvard University has been a revered but hard to find textbook for the advanced calculus course for decades. This book is based on an honors course in advanced calculus that the authors gave in the 1960's. The foundational material, presented in the unstarred sections of Chapters 1 through 11, was normally covered, but different applications of this basic material were stressed from year to year, and the book therefore contains more material than was covered in any one year. It can accordingly be used (with omissions) as a text for a year's course in advanced calculus, or as a text for a three-semester introduction to analysis. The prerequisites are a good grounding in the calculus of one variable from a mathematically rigorous point of view, together with some acquaintance with linear algebra. The reader should be familiar with limit and continuity type arguments and have a certain amount of mathematical sophistication. As possible introductory texts, we mention Differential and Integral Calculus by R Courant, Calculus by T Apostol, Calculus by M Spivak, and Pure Mathematics by G Hardy. The reader should also have some experience with partial derivatives. In overall plan the book divides roughly into a first half which develops the calculus (principally the differential calculus) in the setting of normed vector spaces, and a second half which deals with the calculus of differentiable manifolds.
Posted in Mathematics

A Short Course in Ordinary Differential Equations

Author: Qingkai Kong

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319112392

Category: Mathematics

Page: 267

View: 9513

This text is a rigorous treatment of the basic qualitative theory of ordinary differential equations, at the beginning graduate level. Designed as a flexible one-semester course but offering enough material for two semesters, A Short Course covers core topics such as initial value problems, linear differential equations, Lyapunov stability, dynamical systems and the Poincaré—Bendixson theorem, and bifurcation theory, and second-order topics including oscillation theory, boundary value problems, and Sturm—Liouville problems. The presentation is clear and easy-to-understand, with figures and copious examples illustrating the meaning of and motivation behind definitions, hypotheses, and general theorems. A thoughtfully conceived selection of exercises together with answers and hints reinforce the reader's understanding of the material. Prerequisites are limited to advanced calculus and the elementary theory of differential equations and linear algebra, making the text suitable for senior undergraduates as well.
Posted in Mathematics

Differential Equations and Linear Algebra

Author: Charles Henry Edwards,David E. Penney

Publisher: Prentice Hall

ISBN: 9780136054252

Category: Mathematics

Page: 762

View: 8125

Acclaimed authors Edwards and Penney combine core topics in elementary differential equations with those concepts and methods of elementary linear algebra needed for a contemporary combined introduction to differential equations and linear algebra. Known for its real-world applications and its blend of algebraic and geometric approaches, this book discusses mathematical modeling of real-world phenomena, with a fresh new computational and qualitative flavor evident throughout in figures, examples, problems, and applications. First-Order Differential Equations; Mathematical Models and Numerical Methods; Linear Systems and Matrices; Vector Spaces; Higher-Order Linear Differential Equations; Eigenvalues and Eigenvectors; Linear Systems of Differential Equations; Matrix Exponential Methods; Nonlinear Systems and Phenomena; Laplace Transform Methods; Power Series Methods. For future math majors, engineers, or scientists that have taken two or three semesters of Calculus.
Posted in Mathematics

Differential Equation Models

Author: Martin Braun,Courtney S. Coleman,Donald A. Drew

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461254272

Category: Mathematics

Page: 380

View: 6895

The purpose of this four volume series is to make available for college teachers and students samples of important and realistic applications of mathematics which can be covered in undergraduate programs. The goal is to provide illustrations of how modem mathematics is actually employed to solve relevant contemporary problems. Although these independent chapters were prepared primarily for teachers in the general mathematical sciences, they should prove valuable to students, teachers, and research scientists in many of the fields of application as well. Prerequisites for each chapter and suggestions for the teacher are provided. Several of these chapters have been tested in a variety of classroom settings, and all have undergone extensive peer review and revision. Illustrations and exercises are included in most chapters. Some units can be covered in one class, whereas others provide sufficient material for a few weeks of class time. Volume 1 contains 23 chapters and deals with differential equations and, in the last four chapters, problems leading to partial differential equations. Applications are taken from medicine, biology, traffic systems and several other fields. The 14 chapters in Volume 2 are devoted mostly to problems arising in political science, but they also address questions appearing in sociology and ecology. Topics covered include voting systems, weighted voting, proportional representation, coalitional values, and committees. The 14 chapters in Volume 3 emphasize discrete mathematical methods such as those which arise in graph theory, combinatorics, and networks.
Posted in Mathematics

Partial Differential Equations

Author: András Vasy

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 1470418819

Category: Differential equations, Partial

Page: 281

View: 2765

This text on partial differential equations is intended for readers who want to understand the theoretical underpinnings of modern PDEs in settings that are important for the applications without using extensive analytic tools required by most advanced texts. The assumed mathematical background is at the level of multivariable calculus and basic metric space material, but the latter is recalled as relevant as the text progresses. The key goal of this book is to be mathematically complete without overwhelming the reader, and to develop PDE theory in a manner that reflects how researchers would think about the material. A concrete example is that distribution theory and the concept of weak solutions are introduced early because while these ideas take some time for the students to get used to, they are fundamentally easy and, on the other hand, play a central role in the field. Then, Hilbert spaces that are quite important in the later development are introduced via completions which give essentially all the features one wants without the overhead of measure theory. There is additional material provided for readers who would like to learn more than the core material, and there are numerous exercises to help solidify one's understanding. The text should be suitable for advanced undergraduates or for beginning graduate students including those in engineering or the sciences.
Posted in Differential equations, Partial