Orbitals

With Applications in Atomic Spectra

Author: Charles S McCaw

Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company

ISBN: 1783264160

Category: Science

Page: 276

View: 9340

This book describes atomic orbitals at a level suitable for undergraduates in chemistry. The mathematical treatment is brought to life by many illustrations rendered from mathematical functions (no artists' impressions), including three-dimensional plots of angular functions, showing orbital phase, and contour plots of the wavefunctions that result from orbital hybridisation. Orbitals extends the key fundamental quantum properties to many-electron atoms, linear combinations of atomic orbitals, simple molecules, delocalised systems and atomic spectroscopy. By focusing on simple model systems, use of analogies and avoiding group theory the results are obtained from initial postulates without the need for sophisticated mathematics.
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Orbitals

With Applications in Atomic Spectra

Author: Charles Stuart McCaw

Publisher: Essential Textbooks in Chemistry

ISBN: 9781783264131

Category: Science

Page: 261

View: 675

This book, suitable for undergraduates in chemistry, describes atomic orbitals in detail and is illustrated by three-dimensional plots of the mathematical functions (no artists' impressions). It then extends the key fundamental quantum properties to many-electron atoms, linear combinations of atomic orbitals, simple molecules, delocalised systems, atomic spectroscopy and paramagnetism.
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Principles of Nuclear Chemistry

Author: Peter A C McPherson

Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company

ISBN: 1786340534

Category:

Page: 272

View: 4537

Principles of Nuclear Chemistry is an introductory text in nuclear chemistry and radiochemistry, aimed at undergraduates with little or no knowledge of physics. It covers the key aspects of modern nuclear chemistry and includes worked solutions to end of chapter questions. The text begins with basic theories in contemporary physics and uses these to introduce some fundamental mathematical techniques. It relates nuclear phenomena to key divisions of chemistry such as atomic structure, spectroscopy, equilibria and kinetics. It also gives an introduction to f-block chemistry and the nuclear power industry. This book is essential reading for those taking a first course in nuclear chemistry and is a useful companion to other volumes in physical and analytical chemistry. It will also be of use to those new to working in nuclear chemistry or radiochemistry.
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Atmospheric Chemistry

From the Surface to the Stratosphere

Author: Grant Ritchie

Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company

ISBN: 1786341786

Category:

Page: 224

View: 542

Understanding the composition and chemistry of the Earth's atmosphere is essential to global ecological and environmental policy making and research. Atmospheric changes as a result of both natural and anthropogenic activity have affected many of the Earth's natural systems throughout history, some more seriously than others, and such changes are ever more evident with increases in both global warming and extreme weather events. Atmospheric Chemistry considers in detail the physics and chemistry of our atmosphere, that gives rise to our weather systems and climate, soaks up our pollutants and protects us from solar UV radiation. The development of the complex chemistry occurring on Earth can be explained through application of basic principles of physical chemistry, as is discussed in this book. It is therefore accessible to intermediate and advanced undergraduates of chemistry, with an interdisciplinary approach relevant to meteorologists, oceanographers, and climatologists. It also provides an ideal opportunity to bring together many different aspects of physical chemistry and demonstrate their relevance to the world we live in. This book was written in conjunction with Astrochemistry: From the Big Bang to the Present Day, Claire Vallance (2017) World Scientific Publishing. Request Inspection Copy
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Astrochemistry

From the Big Bang to the Present Day

Author: Hae-Geon Lee

Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company

ISBN: 1786340402

Category: Science

Page: 228

View: 4473

The rapidly growing field of astrochemistry focuses on the chemistry occurring in stars, planets, and the interstellar medium, bringing together elements of chemistry, physics, astrophysics, and biology. Astrochemistry describes the chemical history of the Universe, our solar system, and our planet. It explores in some detail the 'alien' chemistry occurring in interstellar gas clouds, the regions where stars and planets are formed, and also looks at the theoretical and experimental methods that allow us to carry out Earth-based studies of astrochemistry. The evolution of the Universe and the complex chemistry occurring both in interstellar space and in the planetary systems that form in these regions is explained primarily in terms of basic principles of physical chemistry. While there is plenty to interest the general reader, this book is aimed at intermediate to advanced undergraduates of chemistry and astrochemistry, highlighting many different aspects of physical chemistry and demonstrating their relevance to the world we live in. This book was written in conjunction with Atmospheric Chemistry: From the Surface to the Stratosphere, Grant Ritchie (2017) World Scientific Publishing.
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Orbital Interactions in Chemistry

Author: Thomas A. Albright,Jeremy K. Burdett,Myung-Hwan Whangbo

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118558251

Category: Science

Page: 834

View: 4858

Explains the underlying structure that unites all disciplines in chemistry Now in its second edition, this book explores organic, organometallic, inorganic, solid state, and materials chemistry, demonstrating how common molecular orbital situations arise throughout the whole chemical spectrum. The authors explore the relationships that enable readers to grasp the theory that underlies and connects traditional fields of study within chemistry, thereby providing a conceptual framework with which to think about chemical structure and reactivity problems. Orbital Interactions in Chemistry begins by developing models and reviewing molecular orbital theory. Next, the book explores orbitals in the organic-main group as well as in solids. Lastly, the book examines orbital interaction patterns that occur in inorganic–organometallic fields as well as cluster chemistry, surface chemistry, and magnetism in solids. This Second Edition has been thoroughly revised and updated with new discoveries and computational tools since the publication of the first edition more than twenty-five years ago. Among the new content, readers will find: Two new chapters dedicated to surface science and magnetic properties Additional examples of quantum calculations, focusing on inorganic and organometallic chemistry Expanded treatment of group theory New results from photoelectron spectroscopy Each section ends with a set of problems, enabling readers to test their grasp of new concepts as they progress through the text. Solutions are available on the book's ftp site. Orbital Interactions in Chemistry is written for both researchers and students in organic, inorganic, solid state, materials, and computational chemistry. All readers will discover the underlying structure that unites all disciplines in chemistry.
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Symmetry in Bonding and Spectra

An Introduction

Author: Bodie E. Douglas,Charles A. Hollingsworth

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0323139310

Category: Science

Page: 456

View: 7885

Many courses dealing with the material in this text are called "Applications of Group Theory." Emphasizing the central role and primary importance of symmetry in the applications, Symmetry in Bonding and Spectra enables students to handle applications, particularly applications to chemical bonding and spectroscopy. It contains the essential background in vectors and matrices for the applications, along with concise reviews of simple molecular orbital theory, ligand field theory, and treatments of molecular shapes, as well as some quantum mechanics. Solved examples in the text illustrate theory and applications or introduce special points. Extensive problem sets cover the important methods and applications, with the answers in the appendix.
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Electrons, Atoms, and Molecules in Inorganic Chemistry

A Worked Examples Approach

Author: Joseph J. Stephanos,Anthony W. Addison

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 012811049X

Category: Science

Page: 762

View: 2328

Electrons, Atoms, and Molecules in Inorganic Chemistry: A Worked Examples Approach builds from fundamental units into molecules, to provide the reader with a full understanding of inorganic chemistry concepts through worked examples and full color illustrations. The book uniquely discusses failures as well as research success stories. Worked problems include a variety of types of chemical and physical data, illustrating the interdependence of issues. This text contains a bibliography providing access to important review articles and papers of relevance, as well as summaries of leading articles and reviews at the end of each chapter so interested readers can readily consult the original literature. Suitable as a professional reference for researchers in a variety of fields, as well as course use and self-study. The book offers valuable information to fill an important gap in the field. Incorporates questions and answers to assist readers in understanding a variety of problem types Includes detailed explanations and developed practical approaches for solving real chemical problems Includes a range of example levels, from classic and simple for basic concepts to complex questions for more sophisticated topics Covers the full range of topics in inorganic chemistry: electrons and wave-particle duality, electrons in atoms, chemical binding, molecular symmetry, theories of bonding, valence bond theory, VSEPR theory, orbital hybridization, molecular orbital theory, crystal field theory, ligand field theory, electronic spectroscopy, vibrational and rotational spectroscopy
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Modern Spectroscopy

Author: J. Michael Hollas

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470094710

Category: Science

Page: 480

View: 850

The latest edition of this highly acclaimed title introduces the reader to a wide range of spectroscopies, and includes both the background theory and applications to structure determination and chemical analysis. It covers rotational, vibrational, electronic, photoelectron and Auger spectroscopy, as well as EXAFs and the theory of lasers and laser spectroscopy. A revised and updated edition of a successful, clearly written book Includes the latest developments in modern laser techniques, such as cavity ring-down spectroscopy and femtosecond lasers Provides numerous worked examples, calculations and questions at the end of chapters
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Group Theory in Chemistry and Spectroscopy

A Simple Guide to Advanced Usage

Author: Boris S. Tsukerblat

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 048645035X

Category: Science

Page: 448

View: 916

This handbook on group theory is geared toward chemists and experimental physicists who use spectroscopy and require knowledge of the electronic structures of the materials they investigate. Accessible to undergraduate students, it takes an elementary approach to many of the key concepts. Rather than the deductive method common to books on mathematics and theoretical physics, the present volume introduces fundamental concepts with simple examples, relating them to specific chemical and physical problems. The text is centered on detailed analysis of examples. Since neither chemists nor spectroscopists require theorem proofs, very few appear here. Instead, the focus remains on the principal conclusions, their meaning, and their use. In keeping with the text's practical bias, the main results of group theory are presented in all sections as procedures, making possible their systematic and step-by-step-application. Each chapter contains problems that develop practical skill and provide a valuable supplement to the text.
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Advanced Inorganic Chemistry

Applications in Everyday Life

Author: Narayan S. Hosmane

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 012801993X

Category: Science

Page: 276

View: 6722

Advanced Inorganic Chemistry: Applications in Everyday Life connects key topics on the subject with actual experiences in nature and everyday life. Differing from other foundational texts with this emphasis on applications and examples, the text uniquely begins with a focus on the shapes (geometry) dictating intermolecular forces of attractions, leading to reactivity between molecules of different shapes. From this foundation, the text explores more advanced topics, such as: Ligands and Ligand Substitution Processes with an emphasis on Square-Planar Substitution and Octahedral Substitution Reactions in Inorganic Chemistry and Transition Metal Complexes, with a particular focus on Crystal-Field and Ligand-Field Theories, Electronic States and Spectra and Organometallic, Bioinorganic Compounds, including Carboranes and Metallacarboranes and their applications in Catalysis, Medicine and Pollution Control. Throughout the book, illustrative examples bring inorganic chemistry to life. For instance, biochemists and students will be interested in how coordination chemistry between the transition metals and the ligands has a direct correlation with cyanide or carbon monoxide poisoning (strong-field Cyanide or CO ligand versus weak-field Oxygen molecule). Engaging discussion of key concepts with examples from the real world Valuable coverage from the foundations of chemical bonds and stereochemistry to advanced topics, such as organometallic, bioinorganic, carboranes and environmental chemistry Uniquely begins with a focus on the shapes (geometry) dictating intermolecular forces of attractions, leading to reactivity between molecules of different shapes
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Problems of Instrumental Analytical Chemistry

A Hands-On Guide

Author: JM Andrade-Garda,A Carlosena-Zubieta,MP Gómez-Carracedo,MA Maestro-Saavedra,MC Prieto-Blanco,RM Soto-Ferreiro

Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company

ISBN: 1786341824

Category:

Page: 480

View: 3900

The complex field of analytical chemistry requires knowledge and application of the fundamental principles of numerical calculation. Problems of Instrumental Analytical Chemistry provides support and guidance to help students develop these numerical strategies to generate information from experimental results in an efficient and reliable way. Exercises are provided to give standard protocols to follow which address the most common calculations needed in the daily work of a laboratory. Also included are easy to follow diagrams to facilitate understanding and avoid common errors, making it perfect as a hands-on accompaniment to in-class learning. Subjects covered follow a course in analytical chemistry from the initial basics of data analysis, to applications of mass, UV-Vis, infrared and atomic spectrometry, chromatography, and finally concludes with an overview of nuclear magnetic resonance. Intended as a self-training tool for undergraduates in chemistry, analytic chemistry and related subjects, this book is also useful as a reference for scientists looking to brush up on their knowledge of instrumental techniques in laboratories. Request Inspection Copy
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Energy Levels in Atoms and Molecules

Author: William Graham Richards,Peter Richard Scott

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780198558040

Category: Science

Page: 92

View: 9935

An understanding of the energy levels of atoms and molecules is an essential foundation for the study of physical chemistry. This short text provides students at the start of their university chemistry courses with a clear and accessible introduction to electronic structure and quantized mechanics and spectroscopy in second and third year courses. All students on first courses in spectroscopy will find this readable, lively account to be invaluable aid to their study.
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Inorganic Chemistry

Author: J. E. House

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0123851106

Category: Science

Page: 832

View: 2736

This textbook provides essential information for students of inorganic chemistry or for chemists pursuing self-study. The presentation of topics is made with an effort to be clear and concise so that the book is portable and user friendly. Inorganic Chemistry 2E is divided into five major themes (structure, condensed phases, solution chemistry, main group and coordination compounds) with several chapters in each. There is a logical progression from atomic structure to molecular structure to properties of substances based on molecular structures, to behavior of solids, etc. The author emphasizes fundamental principles-including molecular structure, acid-base chemistry, coordination chemistry, ligand field theory, and solid state chemistry -and presents topics in a clear, concise manner. There is a reinforcement of basic principles throughout the book. For example, the hard-soft interaction principle is used to explain hydrogen bond strengths, strengths of acids and bases, stability of coordination compounds, etc. The book contains a balance of topics in theoretical and descriptive chemistry. New to this Edition: New and improved illustrations including symmetry and 3D molecular orbital representations Expanded coverage of spectroscopy, instrumental techniques, organometallic and bio-inorganic chemistry More in-text worked-out examples to encourage active learning and to prepare students for their exams • Concise coverage maximizes student understanding and minimizes the inclusion of details students are unlikely to use. • Discussion of elements begins with survey chapters focused on the main groups, while later chapters cover the elements in greater detail. • Each chapter opens with narrative introductions and includes figures, tables, and end-of-chapter problem sets.
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Quantum Mechanics for Chemists

Author: David O. Hayward

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 9780854046072

Category: Education

Page: 184

View: 644

This book is designed to provide chemistry undergraduates with a basic understanding of the principles of quantum mechanics.
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Molecular Vibrations

The Theory of Infrared and Raman Vibrational Spectra

Author: E. Bright Wilson,J. C. Decius,Paul C. Cross

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486137155

Category: Science

Page: 416

View: 7665

Pedagogical classic and essential reference focuses on mathematics of detailed vibrational analyses of polyatomic molecules, advancing from application of wave mechanics to potential functions and methods of solving secular determinant.
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Strategies and Applications in Quantum Chemistry

From Molecular Astrophysics to Molecular Engineering

Author: Y. Ellinger,M. Defranceschi

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0306469308

Category: Science

Page: 463

View: 7921

At the time when increasing numbers of chemists are being attracted by the fascination of supposedly easy computing and associated colourful imaging, this book appears as a counterpoint. The first part focuses on fundamental concepts of quantum chemistry, covering MCSCF theory, perturbation treatments, basis set developments, density matrices, wave function instabilities to correlation effects, and momentum space theory. The second part is devoted to more practical studies, ranging from the characterisation of exotic interstellar molecules, the accurate determination of spectroscopic constants, excited states structures and EPR parameters through photochemical and charge-transfer processes, cluster chemistry and fullerenes, muonium chemistry, to the possible prediction of the response of materials to electric fields in view of nonlinear optical applications. Audience: Graduate students and researchers whose work involves quantum chemistry, molecular physics, and materials modelling.
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Concepts, Methods and Applications of Quantum Systems in Chemistry and Physics

Selected proceedings of QSCP-XXI (Vancouver, BC, Canada, July 2016)

Author: Yan A. Wang,Mark Thachuk,Roman Krems,Jean Maruani

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319745824

Category: Science

Page: 407

View: 4535

This edited, multi-author volume contains selected, peer–reviewed contributions based on the presentations given at the 21th International Workshop on Quantum Systems in Chemistry, Physics, and Biology (QSCP-XXI), held in Vancouver, Canada, in July 2016. This book is primarily aimed at scholars, researchers and graduate students working at universities and scientific laboratories and interested in the structure, properties, dynamics and spectroscopy of atoms, molecules, biological systems and condensed matter.
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Symmetry in Chemistry

Author: Hans H. Jaffé,Milton Orchin

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486150623

Category: Science

Page: 206

View: 3217

Developed in an essentially nonmathematical way, this text covers symmetry elements and operations, multiple symmetry operations, multiplication tables and point groups, group theory applications, and crystal symmetry. 1977 edition.
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Mixed Valency Systems: Applications in Chemistry, Physics and Biology

Author: K. Prassides

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401136068

Category: Science

Page: 451

View: 4891

Mixed valency is one of various names used to describe compounds which contain ions of the same element in two different formal states of oxidation. The existence of mixed valency systems goes far back into the geological evolutionary history of the earth and other planets, while a plethora of mixed valency minerals has attracted attention since antiquity. Indeed, control of the oxidation states of Fe in its oxides (FeO, Fe304' Fe203) was elegantly used in vase painting by the ancient Greeks to produce the characteristic black and red Attic ceramics (Z. Goffer, "Archaeological Chemistry", Wiley, New York, 1980). It was, however, only 25 years ago that two reviews of mixed valency appeared in the literature almost simultaneously, signalling the first attempt to treat mixed valency systems as a separate class of compounds whose properties can be correlated with the molecular and the electronic structure of their members. Then mixed valency phenomena attracted the interest of disparate classes of scientists, ranging from synthetic chemists to solid state physicists and from biologists to geologists. This activity culminated with the NATO ASI meeting in Oxford in 1979. The 1980's saw again a continuing upsurge of interest in mixed valency. Its presence is a necessary factor in the search for highly conducting materials, including molecular metals and superconductors. The highly celebrated high T c ceramic superconducting oxides are indeed mixed valency compounds.
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