Once Within Borders

Author: Charles S. Maier

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674059788

Category: History

Page: 340

View: 2561

At a time when the technologies of globalization are eroding barriers to communication, transportation, and trade, Charles Maier explores the fitful evolution of territories—politically bounded regions whose borders define the jurisdiction of laws and the movement of peoples—as a worldwide practice of human societies.
Posted in History

Once Within Borders

Author: Charles S. Maier

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674973917

Category: History

Page: 340

View: 7945

At a time when the technologies of globalization are eroding barriers to communication, transportation, and trade, Charles Maier explores the fitful evolution of territories—politically bounded regions whose borders define the jurisdiction of laws and the movement of peoples—as a worldwide practice of human societies.
Posted in History

Dissolution

The Crisis of Communism and the End of East Germany

Author: Charles S. Maier

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9781400822256

Category: History

Page: 464

View: 6349

Against the backdrop of one of the great transformations of our century, the sudden and unexpected fall of communism as a ruling system, Charles Maier recounts the history and demise of East Germany. Dissolution is his poignant, analytically provocative account of the decline and fall of the late German Democratic Republic. This book explains the powerful causes for the disintegration of German communism as it constructs the complex history of the GDR. Maier looks at the turning points in East Germany's forty-year history and at the mix of coercion and consent by which the regime functioned. He analyzes the GDR as it evolved from the purges of the 1950s to the peace movements and emerging youth culture of the 1980s, and then turns his attention to charges of Stasi collaboration that surfaced after 1989. In the context of describing the larger collapse of communism, Maier analyzes German elements that had counterparts throughout the Soviet bloc, including its systemic and eventually terminal economic crisis, corruption and privilege in the SED, the influence of the Stasi and the plight of intellectuals and writers, and the slow loss of confidence on the part of the ruling elite. He then discusses the mass protests and proliferation of dissident groups in 1989, the collapse of the ruling party, and the troubled aftermath of unification. Dissolution is the first book that spans the communist collapse and the ensuing process of unification, and that draws on newly available archival documents from the last phases of the GDR, including Stasi reports, transcripts of Politburo and Central Committee debates, and papers from the Economic Planning Commission, the Council of Ministers, and the office files of key party officials. This book is further bolstered by Maier's extensive knowledge of European history and the Cold War, his personal observations and conversations with East Germans during the country's dramatic transition, and memoirs and other eyewitness accounts published during the four-decade history of the GDR.
Posted in History

Among Empires

Author: Charles S MAIER

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674040457

Category: History

Page: 383

View: 6027

This elegantly written book examines the structure and impact of empires and asks whether the United States shares their traits and behavior. Charles S. Maier outlines the essentials of empire throughout history, then explores the exercise of U.S. power in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. With learning, dispassion, and clarity, Among Empires offers bold comparisons and an original account of American power.
Posted in History

Scientists and Swindlers

Consulting on Coal and Oil in America, 1820–1890

Author: Paul Lucier

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 9781421402857

Category: Science

Page: 448

View: 7858

This sweeping narrative enriches our understanding of how the rocks beneath our feet became invaluable resources for science, technology, and industry.
Posted in Science

Mapping an Empire

The Geographical Construction of British India, 1765-1843

Author: Matthew H. Edney

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226184862

Category: Reference

Page: 480

View: 8383

In this fascinating history of the British surveys of India, Matthew H. Edney relates how imperial Britain used modern survey techniques to not only create and define the spatial image of its Empire, but also to legitimate its colonialist activities. "There is much to be praised in this book. It is an excellent history of how India came to be painted red in the nineteenth century. But more importantly, Mapping an Empire sets a new standard for books that examine a fundamental problem in the history of European imperialism."—D. Graham Burnett, Times Literary Supplement "Mapping an Empire is undoubtedly a major contribution to the rapidly growing literature on science and empire, and a work which deserves to stimulate a great deal of fresh thinking and informed research."—David Arnold, Journal of Imperial and Commonwealth History "This case study offers broadly applicable insights into the relationship between ideology, technology and politics. . . . Carefully read, this is a tale of irony about wishful thinking and the limits of knowledge."—Publishers Weekly
Posted in Reference

Free Trade, Free World

The Advent of GATT

Author: Thomas W. Zeiler

Publisher: UNC Press Books

ISBN: 9780807824580

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 267

View: 3372

In this era of globalization, it is easy to forget that today's free market values were not always predominant. But as this history of the birth of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) shows, the principles and practices underlying our current international economy once represented contested ground between U.S. policymakers, Congress, and America's closest allies. Here, Thomas Zeiler shows how the diplomatic and political considerations of the Cold War shaped American trade policy during the critical years from 1940 to 1953. Zeiler traces the debate between proponents of free trade and advocates of protectionism, showing how and why a compromise ultimately triumphed. Placing a liberal trade policy in the service of diplomacy as a means of confronting communism, American officials forged a consensus among politicians of all stripes for freer_if not free_trade that persists to this day. Constructed from inherently contradictory impulses, the system of international trade that evolved under GATT was flexible enough to promote American economic and political interests both at home and abroad, says Zeiler, and it is just such flexibility that has allowed GATT to endure.
Posted in Business & Economics

How Population Change Will Transform Our World

Author: Sarah Harper

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198784090

Category: Demographic transition

Page: 234

View: 1762

Predicting the shape of our future populations is vital for installing the infrastructure, welfare, and provisions necessary for society to survive. There are many opportunities and challenges that will come with the changes in our populations over the 21st century. In this new addition to the 21st Century Challenges series, Sarah Harper works to dispel myths such as the fear of unstoppable global growth resulting in a population explosion, or that climate change will lead to the mass movement of environmental refugees; and instead considers the future shape of our populations in light of demographic trends in fertility, mortality, and migration, and their national and global impact. How Population Change Will Transform Our World looks at population trends by region to highlight the key issues facing us in the coming decades, including the demographic inertia in Europe, demographic dividend in Asia, high fertility and mortality in Africa, the youth bulge in the Middle East, and the balancing act of migration in the Americas. Harper concludes with an analysis of global challenges we must plan for such as the impact of climate change and urbanization, and the difficulty of feeding 10 billion people, and considers ways in which we can prepare for, and mitigate against, these challenges.
Posted in Demographic transition

Does Conquest Pay?

The Exploitation of Occupied Industrial Societies

Author: Peter Liberman

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 0691002428

Category: Political Science

Page: 264

View: 8925

Can foreign invaders successfully exploit industrial economies? DOES CONQUEST PAY? demonstrates that expansion can, in fact, provide rewards to aggressor nations and suggests that the international system is more war-prone than many optimists claim.
Posted in Political Science

Recasting Bourgeois Europe

Stabilization in France, Germany and Italy in the Decade After World War I

Author: Charles S. Maier

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780691169798

Category: Europe

Page: 680

View: 8469

"One of Princeton University Press's Notable Centenary Titles"--Page 4 of cover.
Posted in Europe

The Cartographic State

Maps, Territory, and the Origins of Sovereignty

Author: Jordan Branch

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107040965

Category: History

Page: 242

View: 1841

Describes the emergence of the territorial state and examines the role that cartography has played in shaping its linear boundaries.
Posted in History

A Search for Sovereignty

Law and Geography in European Empires, 1400–1900

Author: Lauren Benton

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107782716

Category: History

Page: N.A

View: 2928

A Search for Sovereignty approaches world history by examining the relation of law and geography in European empires between 1400 and 1900. Lauren Benton argues that Europeans imagined imperial space as networks of corridors and enclaves, and that they constructed sovereignty in ways that merged ideas about geography and law. Conflicts over treason, piracy, convict transportation, martial law, and crime created irregular spaces of law, while also attaching legal meanings to familiar geographic categories such as rivers, oceans, islands, and mountains. The resulting legal and spatial anomalies influenced debates about imperial constitutions and international law both in the colonies and at home. This study changes our understanding of empire and its legacies and opens new perspectives on the global history of law.
Posted in History

A Genealogy of Sovereignty

Author: Jens Bartelson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521478885

Category: Political Science

Page: 317

View: 2360

The concept of sovereignty is central to international relations theory and theories of the state and provides the foundation of the conventional separation of modern politics into domestic and international spheres. In this book Jens Bartelson provides a critical analysis and conceptual history of sovereignty, dealing with philosophical and political texts during three periods: the Renaissance, the Classical Age, and Modernity. He argues that sovereignty should be regarded as a concept contingent upon, rather than fundamental to, political science and its history.
Posted in Political Science

Cheap Threats

Why the United States Struggles to Coerce Weak States

Author: Dianne Pfundstein Chamberlain

Publisher: Georgetown University Press

ISBN: 1626162816

Category: History

Page: 288

View: 1589

The United States has a huge advantage in military power over other states, yet it is frequently unable to coerce weak adversary states with threats alone. Instead, over the past two decades, the leaders of Iraq, Haiti, Serbia, Afghanistan, and Libya have dismissed US threats and invited military clashes. Why have weak states risked and ultimately suffered catastrophic defeat when giving in to US demands earlier might have allowed their survival? Why was it necessary to use force at all? Pfundstein finds that the United States' compellent threats often fail because the use of force has become relatively cheap for the United States in terms of political costs, material costs, and casualties. This comparatively low-cost model of war that relies on deficit spending, air power, high technology, and a light footprint by an all-volunteer force has allowed the United States to casually threaten force and frequently carry out short-term military campaigns. Paradoxically, this frequent use of "cheap" force has made adversary states doubt that the United States is highly motivated to bear high costs over a sustained period if the intervention is not immediately successful.
Posted in History

Leviathan 2.0

Author: Charles S. Maier

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674281322

Category: History

Page: 370

View: 7543

Thomas Hobbes laid the theoretical groundwork of the nation-state in Leviathan, his tough-minded 1651 treatise. Charles Maier's Leviathan 2.0 updates this classic to explain how modern statehood took shape between the mid-nineteenth and mid-twentieth centuries, before it unraveled into the political uncertainty that persists today.
Posted in History

Seascapes

Maritime Histories, Littoral Cultures, and Transoceanic Exchanges

Author: Jerry H. Bentley,Renate Bridenthal,Kären Wigen

Publisher: University of Hawaii Press

ISBN: 082483027X

Category: History

Page: 261

View: 6852

Historians have begun to chart the experiences of maritime regions and penetrate the historical processes at work there. This book aims to contribute to these efforts by bringing together original scholarship on historical issues arising from maritime regions around the world.
Posted in History

The Invention of the Passport

Surveillance, Citizenship and the State

Author: John C. Torpey

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1108473903

Category: History

Page: 278

View: 2517

The definitive history of the passport and why it became so important for controlling movement in the modern world.
Posted in History

Feminism’s Forgotten Fight

The Unfinished Struggle for Work and Family

Author: Kirsten Swinth

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674986415

Category: History

Page: 307

View: 5786

Kirsten Swinth reconstructs the comprehensive vision of feminism’s second wave at a time when its principles are under renewed attack. In the struggle for equality at home and at work, it was not feminism that failed to deliver on the promise that women can have it all, but a society that balked at making the changes for which activists fought.
Posted in History

The Development of American Citizenship, 1608-1870

Author: James H. Kettner

Publisher: UNC Press Books

ISBN: 0807839760

Category: History

Page: 402

View: 9703

he concept of citizenship that achieved full legal form and force in mid-nineteenth-century America had English roots in the sense that it was the product of a theoretical and legal development that extended over three hundred years. This prize-winning volume describes and explains the process by which the cirumstances of life in the New World transformed the quasi-medieval ideas of seventeenth-century English jurists about subjectship, community, sovereignty, and allegiance into a wholly new doctrine of "volitional allegiance." The central British idea was that subjectship involved a personal relationship with the king, a relationship based upon the laws of nature and hence perpetual and immutable. The conceptual analogue of the subject-king relationship was the natural bond between parent and child. Across the Atlantic divergent ideas were taking hold. Colonial societies adopted naturalization policies that were suited to practical needs, regardless of doctrinal consistency. Americans continued to value their status as subjects and to affirm their allegiance to the king, but they also moved toward a new understanding of the ties that bind individuals to the community. English judges of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries assumed that the essential purpose of naturalization was to make the alien legally the same as a native, that is, to make his allegiance natural, personal, and perpetual. In the colonies this reasoning was being reversed. Americans took the model of naturalization as their starting point for defining all political allegiance as the result of a legal contract resting on consent. This as yet barely articulated difference between the American and English definition of citizenship was formulated with precision in the course of the American Revolution. Amidst the conflict and confusion of that time Americans sought to define principles of membership that adequately encompassed their ideals of individual liberty and community security. The idea that all obligation rested on individual volition and consent shaped their response to the claims of Parliament and king, legitimized their withdrawal from the British empire, controlled their reaction to the loyalists, and underwrote their creation of independent governments. This new concept of citizenship left many questions unanswered, however. The newly emergent principles clashed with deep-seated prejudices, including the traditional exclusion of Indians and Negroes from membership in the sovereign community. It was only the triumph of the Union in the Civil War that allowed Congress to affirm the quality of native and naturalized citizens, to state unequivocally the primacy of the national over state citizenship, to write black citizenship into the Constitution, and to recognize the volitional character of, the status of citizen by formally adopting the principle of expatriation.-->
Posted in History