On Liberty

Author: John Stuart Mill,Elizabeth Rapaport

Publisher: Hackett Publishing

ISBN: 1603845577

Category: Philosophy

Page: 139

View: 5991

Contents include a selected bibliography and an editor's Introduction broken into two sections. The first section provides a brief sketch of the historical, social, and biographical context in which Mill wrote and the second traces the central line of argument in the text to aid in the comprehension of the essay's structure, method, and major theses.
Posted in Philosophy

The Subjection of Women

Author: John Stuart Mill

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Women

Page: 188

View: 9780

Posted in Women

On Liberty, Utilitarianism and Other Essays

Author: John Stuart Mill

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0199670803

Category: Philosophy

Page: 547

View: 8803

Previous edition: published as On liberty and other essays. 1991.
Posted in Philosophy

Utilitarianism

Author: John Stuart Mill

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Utilitarianism

Page: 96

View: 4683

Posted in Utilitarianism

Readings of Plato's Apology of Socrates

Defending the Philosophical Life

Author: Vivil Valvik Haraldsen,Olof Pettersson,Oda E. Wiese Tvedt

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 1498550002

Category: Philosophy

Page: 272

View: 8285

Contributors to this volume focus on the character of Socrates as the embodiment of philosophy, employing this as a starting point for exploring various themes exposed in the Apology. These include the relation of philosophy to democracy, rhetoric, politics, or society in general, and the overarching question of what comprises the philosophic life.
Posted in Philosophy

At the Heart of Freedom

Feminism, Sex, and Equality

Author: Drucilla Cornell

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9781400822553

Category: Social Science

Page: 240

View: 2685

How can women create a meaningful and joyous life for themselves? Is it enough to be equal with men? In this provocative and wide-ranging book, Drucilla Cornell argues that women should transcend the quest for equality and focus on what she shows is a far more radical project: achieving freedom. Cornell takes us on a highly original exploration of what it would mean for women politically, legally, and culturally, if we took this ideal of freedom seriously--if, in her words, we recognized that "hearts starve as well as bodies." She takes forceful and sometimes surprising stands on such subjects as abortion, prostitution, pornography, same-sex marriage, international human rights, and the rights and obligations of fathers. She also engages with what it means to be free on a theoretical level, drawing on the ideas of such thinkers as Kant, Rawls, Ronald Dworkin, Hegel, and Lacan. Cornell begins by discussing what she believes lies at the heart of freedom: the ability for all individuals to pursue happiness in their own way, especially in matters of love and sex. This is only possible, she argues, if we protect the "imaginary domain"--a psychic and moral space in which individuals can explore their own sources of happiness. She writes that equality with men does not offer such protection, in part because men themselves are not fully free. Instead, women must focus on ensuring that individuals face minimal interference from the state and from oppressive cultural norms. They must also respect some controversial individual choices. Cornell argues in favor of permitting same-sex couples to marry and adopt children, for example. She presses for access to abortion and for universal day care. She also justifies lifestyles that have not always been supported by other feminists, ranging from staying at home as a primary caregiver to engaging in prostitution. She argues that men should have similar freedoms--thus returning feminism to its promise that freedom for women would mean freedom for all. Challenging, passionate, and powerfully argued, Cornell's book will have a major impact on the course of feminist thought.
Posted in Social Science

Liberalism and Its Critics

Author: Michael J. Sandel

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 0814778410

Category: Political Science

Page: 272

View: 7188

Much contemporary political philosophy has been a debate between utilitarianism on the one hand and Kantian, or rights-based ethic has recently faced a growing challenge from a different direction, from a view that argues for a deeper understanding of citizenship and community than the liberal ethic allows. The writings collected in this volume present leading statements of rights-based liberalism and of the communitarian, or civic republican alternatives to that position. The principle of selection has been to shift the focus from the familiar debate between utilitarians and Kantian liberals in order to consider a more powerful challenge ot the rights-based ethic, a challenge indebted, broadly speaking, to Aristotle, Hegel, and the civic republican tradition. Contributors include Isaiah Berlin, John Rawls, Alasdair MacIntyre.
Posted in Political Science

Sweden in the Seventeenth Century

Author: Paul Douglas Lockhart

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 0230802559

Category: History

Page: 200

View: 2963

The history of Sweden in the seventeenth century is perhaps one of the most remarkable political success stories of early modern Europe. Little more than a century after achieving independence from Denmark, Sweden - an impoverished and sparsely-populated state - had defeated all of its most fearsome enemies and was ranked amongst the great powers of Europe. In this book, which incorporates the latest research on the subject, Paul Douglas Lockhart: - surveys the political, diplomatic, economic, social and cultural history of the country, from the beginnings of its career as an empire to its decline at the end of the seventeenth century - examines the mechanisms that helped Sweden to achieve the status of a great power, and the reasons for its eventual downfall - emphasises the interplay between social structure, constitutional development, and military necessity Clear and well-written, Lockhart's text is essential reading for all those with an interest in the fascinating history of early modern Sweden.
Posted in History

Law and Philosophy

Author: Elizabeth Anderson,Ishani Maitra

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781465229335

Category: Law

Page: 378

View: 4793

Posted in Law

On Marx: Revolutionary and Utopian

Author: Alan Ryan

Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company

ISBN: 0871408201

Category: Philosophy

Page: 192

View: 5014

A lucid introduction to the philosophical complexities and the practical limits of the political thought of Karl Marx. When Karl Marx was buried at Highgate Cemetery in North London in 1883, his longtime friend and collaborator, Friedrich Engels, remarked that he was "above all a revolutionary." For Marx, the struggle to accurately describe or interpret the world in rational terms was not enough; the point of politics and philosophy was not to diagnose human society but to change it. According to Marx, history was defined by class conflict, with the state heretofore existing as a medium through which the ruling classes can exploit the labor of the productive classes. Only through revolution could true self-government be achieved with the ultimate goal of achieving a stateless, self-administering society free of coercive law, police, and military forces. Marx spent most of his adult life dedicated to uniting the radical working-class movements of Europe around this central idea. In On Marx, Alan Ryan examines Marx's political and economic philosophy within the Victorian context of Marx's own life and times as well as glancing forward to the uses and abuses of his ideas by his many successors. Tracing Marx's influences from Hegel to Feuerbach, from French socialism to British political economy, and documenting his ideological battles with his contemporaries, Ryan provides a sterling explication and critique of Marx’s theories of alienation, surplus value, class struggle, and revolution. Situating Marx into the framework of everyday politics is never easy, but this one volume provides the clearest, most accessible introduction to Marx's theories in recent years. On Marx: Revolutionary and Utopian features: • a chronology of Karl Marx's life • an introduction and text by Alan Ryan that provides crucial context and cogent analysis • key excerpts from: "Notes on James Mill," The German Ideology, "Theses on Feuerbach," The Communist Manifesto, Capital, The Civil War in France, and Critique of the Gotha Program
Posted in Philosophy

The Harm in Hate Speech

Author: Jeremy Waldron

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674065085

Category: Law

Page: 264

View: 7690

For constitutionalists, regulation of hate speech violates the First Amendment and damages a free society. Waldron rejects this view, and makes the case that hate speech should be regulated as part of a commitment to human dignity and to inclusion and respect for members of vulnerable minorities.
Posted in Law

Thomas Reid's Inquiry and Essays

Author: Thomas Reid,Ronald E. Beanblossom,Keith Lehrer

Publisher: Hackett Publishing

ISBN: 9780915145850

Category: Philosophy

Page: 368

View: 6058

Reid’s previously published writings are substantial, both in quantity and quality. This edition attempts to make these writings more readily available in a single volume. Based upon Hamilton’s definitive two volume 6th edition, this edition is suitable for both students and scholars. Beanblossom and Lehrer have included a wide range of topics addressed by Reid. These topics include Reid’s views on the role of common sense, scepticism, the theory of ideas, perception, memory and identity, as well as his views on moral liberty, duties, and principles. Historical as well as topical considerations guided the selection process. Thus, Reid’s responses to Descartes, Locke, Berkeley, and Hume are included. Through the resulting selections Reid’s influence and impact upon subsequent philosophers is manifested.
Posted in Philosophy

King of the Mountain

The Nature of Political Leadership

Author: Arnold M. Ludwig

Publisher: University Press of Kentucky

ISBN: 0813143306

Category: Political Science

Page: 496

View: 5784

People may choose to ignore their animal heritage by interpreting their behavior as divinely inspired, socially purposeful, or even self-serving, all of which they attribute to being human, but they masticate, fornicate, and procreate, much as chimps and apes do, so they should have little cause to get upset if they learn that they act like other primates when they politically agitate, debate, abdicate, placate, and administrate, too." -- from the book King of the Mountain presents the startling findings of Arnold M. Ludwig's eighteen-year investigation into why people want to rule. The answer may seem obvious -- power, privilege, and perks -- but any adequate answer also needs to explain why so many rulers cling to power even when they are miserable, trust nobody, feel besieged, and face almost certain death. Ludwig's results suggest that leaders of nations tend to act remarkably like monkeys and apes in the way they come to power, govern, and rule. Profiling every ruler of a recognized country in the twentieth century -- over 1,900 people in all­­, Ludwig establishes how rulers came to power, how they lost power, the dangers they faced, and the odds of their being assassinated, committing suicide, or dying a natural death. Then, concentrating on a smaller sub-set of 377 rulers for whom more extensive personal information was available, he compares six different kinds of leaders, examining their characteristics, their childhoods, and their mental stability or instability to identify the main predictors of later political success. Ludwig's penetrating observations, though presented in a lighthearted and entertaining way, offer important insight into why humans have engaged in war throughout recorded history as well as suggesting how they might live together in peace.
Posted in Political Science

Freedom Without Violence

Author: Dustin Ells Howes

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199336997

Category:

Page: 288

View: 6892

There is a long tradition in Western political thought suggesting that violence is necessary to defend freedom. But nonviolence and civil disobedience have played an equally long and critical role in establishing democratic institutions. Freedom Without Violence explores the long history of political practice and thought that connects freedom to violence in the West, from Athenian democracy and the Roman republic to the Age of Revolutions and the rise of totalitarianism. It is the first comprehensive examination of the idea that violence is necessary to obtain, defend, and exercise freedom. The book also brings to the fore the opposing theme of nonviolent freedom, which can be found both within the Western tradition and among critics of that tradition. Since the plebs first vacated Rome to refuse military service and win concessions from the patricians in 494 B.C., nonviolence and civil disobedience have played a critical role in republics and democracies. Abolitionists, feminists and anti-colonial activists all adopted and innovated the methods of nonviolence. With the advent of the Velvet Revolutions, the end of apartheid in South Africa and, most recently, the Arab Spring, nonviolence has garnered renewed interest in both scholarly publications and the popular imagination. In this book, Dustin Ells Howes traces the intellectual history of freedom as it relates to the concepts and practices of violence and nonviolence. Through a critique and reappraisal of the Western political tradition, Freedom Without Violence constructs a conception of nonviolent freedom. The book argues that cultivating and practicing this brand of freedom is the sine qua non of a vibrant democracy that resists authoritarianism, imperialism and oligarchy.
Posted in

Selected Political Writings

Author: Niccolò Machiavelli,David Wootton

Publisher: Hackett Publishing

ISBN: 1603845569

Category:

Page: 272

View: 1202

Here are The Prince and the most important Discourses, newly translated into spare, vivid English by one of the most gifted historians of his generation. Why a new translation? "Machiavelli was never the dull, worthy, pedantic author who appears in the pages of other translations", says David Wootton in his Introduction. "In the pages that follow I have done my best to let him speak in his own voice." (And indeed, Wootton's Machiavelli literally does so when the occasion demands: Renderings of that most problematic of words, virtù, are in each instance followed by the Italian). Notes, a map, and an altogether remarkable Introduction, no less authoritative for being grippingly readable, help make this edition an ideal first encounter with Machiavelli for any student of history and political theory.
Posted in

Philosophical Problems

An Annotated Anthology

Author: Laurence BonJour,Ann Baker

Publisher: Longman Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780205539376

Category: Philosophy

Page: 654

View: 4096

Edited and assembled by one of philosophy's foremost scholars, in collaboration with a distinguished teacher, this introductory anthology offers both classic and contemporary primary source readings and schools students in developing distinctly philosophical habits of mind. In addition to the fine selection of primary source readings, this anthology offers a unique array of pedagogical features that, together, form a roadmap for thinking philosophically. These features begin with an introductory essay, followed by chapter introductions and annotations that accompany the readings, and conclude with discussion questions and an appendix on writing about philosophy.
Posted in Philosophy

Schneier on Security

Author: Bruce Schneier

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470505621

Category: Computers

Page: 336

View: 3571

Presenting invaluable advice from the world?s most famous computer security expert, this intensely readable collection features some of the most insightful and informative coverage of the strengths and weaknesses of computer security and the price people pay -- figuratively and literally -- when security fails. Discussing the issues surrounding things such as airplanes, passports, voting machines, ID cards, cameras, passwords, Internet banking, sporting events, computers, and castles, this book is a must-read for anyone who values security at any level -- business, technical, or personal.
Posted in Computers

Hegel: Elements of the Philosophy of Right

Author: Georg Wilhelm Fredrich Hegel

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107268303

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 3295

This book is a translation of a classic work of modern social and political thought, Elements of the Philosophy of Right. Hegel's last major published work, is an attempt to systematize ethical theory, natural right, the philosophy of law, political theory and the sociology of the modern state into the framework of Hegel's philosophy of history. Hegel's work has been interpreted in radically different ways, influencing many political movements from far right to far left, and is widely perceived as central to the communication tradition in modern ethical, social and political thought. This edition includes extensive editorial material informing the reader of the historical background of Hegel's text, and explaining his allusions to Roman law and other sources, making use of lecture materials which have only recently become available. The new translation is literal, readable and consistent, and will be informative and scholarly enough to serve the needs of students and specialists alike.
Posted in Political Science

Second Treatise of Government

Author: John Locke,C. B. Macpherson

Publisher: Hackett Publishing

ISBN: 9781603844963

Category: Political science

Page: 148

View: 7603

The Second Treatise is one of the most important political treatises ever written and one of the most far-reaching in its influence. In his provocative 15-page introduction to this edition, the late eminent political theorist C. B. Macpherson examines Locke's arguments for limited, conditional government, private property, and right of revolution and suggests reasons for the appeal of these arguments in Locke's time and since.
Posted in Political science

Crowns in Pediatric Dentistry

Author: Prashant Babaji

Publisher: Jaypee Brothers,Medical Publishers Pvt. Limited

ISBN: 9789351524397

Category: Medical

Page: 140

View: 9735

This book is a concise guide to the use of crowns in paediatric dentistry. Beginning with an introduction to the theoretical and clinical aspects of crown placement, the following section discusses different types of crowns used for children. Each crown type is explained by indication, special features, availability, price and clinical procedures. Both conventional and newer anterior and posterior crowns are covered. The final chapters examine restoration of destructed primary teeth, and management of complications with crowns. Numerous flow charts and tables are included for quick review. Key points Concise guide to use of crowns in paediatric dentistry Covers different types of crowns, their special features, indications, price and availability Discusses both conventional and newer crowns Includes flow charts and tables for quick review
Posted in Medical