Ocean Circulation

Author: Open University

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080537944

Category: Science

Page: 286

View: 6650

This second edition retains the general structure of the first edition, but has been updated in the light of recent oceanographic research, and improved as a teaching text on the basis of feedback from past students and other readers. Notable additions include new sections addressing the topic of numerical modelling, and more discussion of natural oscillations in the ocean-atmosphere system (previously confined to the El Niño phenomenon). In particular, the Chapter on the North Atlantic now includes a discussion of the North Atlantic Oscillation, as well as of the Great Salinity Anomaly. In the final Chapter, treatment of water mass formation has been updated to reflect recent ideas about the processes involved and how they relate to climatic change over different time-scales, from decades to millennia. High quality full colour diagrams Substantial chapter summaries ideal for revision Answers, hints and notes for questions at back of the book
Posted in Science

Ocean Circulation

Prepared by an Open University Course Team

Author: Joan Brown

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 148329269X

Category: Science

Page: 242

View: 2463

The first two chapters outline the causes of circulation patterns in the atmosphere and oceans, emphasizing the interactions between them. Chapter 3 deals with the surface circulation (including mesoscale eddies), using a minimum of mathematics. Chapter 4 reviews the history of ideas about ocean circulation (with special reference to the North Atlantic gyre), and Chapter 5 describes the major current systems at high and low latitudes. The final Chapter returns to the theme of ocean-atmosphere interaction, especially the global transport of heat and freshwater, and the formation of sub-surface water masses. Fully illustrated in four coloursFully illustrated in four colours
Posted in Science

Ocean Circulation

Wind-Driven and Thermohaline Processes

Author: Rui Xin Huang

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521852285

Category: Science

Page: 791

View: 6466

The modeling of ocean circulation is important not only for its own sake, but also in terms of the prediction of weather patterns and the effects of climate change. This book introduces the basic computational techniques necessary for all models of the ocean and atmosphere, and the conditions they must satisfy. It describes the workings of ocean models, the problems that must be solved in their construction, and how to evaluate computational results. Major emphasis is placed on examining ocean models critically, and determining what they do well and what they do poorly. Numerical analysis is introduced as needed, and exercises are included to illustrate major points. Developed from notes for a course taught in physical oceanography at the College of Oceanic and Atmospheric Sciences at Oregon State University, this book is ideal for graduate students of oceanography, geophysics, climatology and atmospheric science, and researchers in oceanography and atmospheric science.
Posted in Science

Ocean Circulation and Climate

Observing and Modelling the Global Ocean

Author: Gerold Siedler,John Church,John Gould

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780126413519

Category: Science

Page: 715

View: 3719

The book represents all the knowledge we currently have on ocean circulation. It presents an up-to-date summary of the state of the science relating to the role of the oceans in the physical climate system. The book is structured to guide the reader through the wide range of World Ocean Circulation Experiment (WOCE) science in a consistent way. Cross-references between contributors have been added, and the book has a comprehensive index and unified reference list. The book is simple to read, at the undergraduate level. It was written by the best scientists in the world who have collaborated to carry out years of experiments to better understand ocean circulation.
Posted in Science

Ocean Circulation and Climate

A 21st Century Perspective

Author: N.A

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0123918537

Category: Science

Page: 904

View: 2855

The book represents all the knowledge we currently have on ocean circulation. It presents an up-to-date summary of the state of the science relating to the role of the oceans in the physical climate system. The book is structured to guide the reader through the wide range of world ocean circulation experiment (WOCE) science in a consistent way. Cross-references between contributors have been added, and the book has a comprehensive index and unified reference list. The book is simple to read, at the undergraduate level. It was written by the best scientists in the world who have collaborated to carry out years of experiments to better understand ocean circulation. Presents in situ and remote observations with worldwide coverage Provides theoretical understanding of processes within the ocean and at its boundaries to other Earth System components Allows for simulating ocean and climate processes in the past, present and future using a hierarchy of physical-biogeochemical models
Posted in Science

Numerical Modeling of Ocean Circulation

Author: Robert N. Miller

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139461478

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 9060

The modelling of ocean circulation is important not only for its own sake, but also in terms of the prediction of weather patterns and the effects of climate change. This 2007 book introduces the basic computational techniques necessary for all models of the ocean and atmosphere, and the conditions they must satisfy. It describes the workings of ocean models, the problems that must be solved in their construction, and how to evaluate computational results. Major emphasis is placed on examining ocean models critically, and determining what they do well and what they do poorly. Numerical analysis is introduced as needed, and exercises are included to illustrate major points. Developed from notes for a course taught in physical oceanography at the College of Oceanic and Atmospheric Sciences at Oregon State University, this book is ideal for graduate students of oceanography, geophysics, climatology and atmospheric science, and researchers in oceanography and atmospheric science.
Posted in Science

Numerical Models of Ocean Circulation

Proceedings of a Symposium Held at Durham, New Hampshire, October 17-20, 1972

Author: N.A

Publisher: National Academies

ISBN: N.A

Category: Ocean circulation

Page: 364

View: 3057

Posted in Ocean circulation

Ocean Circulation and Climate

Chapter 1. The Ocean as a Component of the Climate System

Author: Thomas F. Stocker

Publisher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters

ISBN: 0128058501

Category: Science

Page: 904

View: 3498

A broad perspective of the ocean as a key component of the Earth System and of its role in the past, present, and future climate change is provided. The ocean is a huge reservoir of heat, mass, carbon, and many other quantities, and their estimated exchange fluxes suggest characteristic timescales of adjustment ranging from decades to many thousands of years. Surface patterns and meridional fluxes of these quantities highlight the important role of the wind-driven circulation and the deep ocean flow systems through all ocean basins. Ocean-dominated phenomena of natural variability, in particular associated with the tropical oceans, are explained. The relevance of the ocean circulation for abrupt climate change, as recorded from a variety of paleoclimate records, is discussed. This includes the bipolar seesaw concept which explains many features of interhemispheric response during the sequence of rapid warmings in the past ice age. Finally, the ocean’s role during the anthropocene, the time epoch which is dominated by the human-caused increase in greenhouse gases to levels unprecedented in the past 800,000 years, is explored. Both the warming and the increase in atmospheric transport of water polewards create conditions for the ocean that may induce large and irreversible changes in the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation.
Posted in Science

Ocean Circulation and Climate

Chapter 18. Dynamics of the Southern Ocean Circulation

Author: Stephen R. Rintoul,Alberto C. Naveira Garabato

Publisher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters

ISBN: 0128058676

Category: Science

Page: 904

View: 3502

The Southern Ocean circulation connects the ocean basins as well as the upper and deep layers of the ocean. As a result, the region has a profound influence on the global ocean circulation and climate. The Antarctic Circumpolar Current and the overturning circulation are dynamically linked through interactions between the mean flow, eddies, topography, air–sea forcing, and mixing and stirring by small- and mesoscale processes. A new dynamical paradigm is emerging that emphasizes the fully three-dimensional nature of the circulation, including the localization of meridional and vertical exchange of momentum, vorticity, and tracers by interactions between the flow and topography. Changes observed in the Southern Ocean in recent decades have implications for global climate and provide insight into the response of the Southern Ocean circulation to changes in forcing.
Posted in Science

Ocean Circulation and Pollution Control - A Mathematical and Numerical Investigation

A Mathematical and Numerical Investigation : a Diderot Mathematyical Forum

Author: J. I. Díaz

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540406471

Category: Mathematics

Page: 111

View: 7184

In the framework of the Diderot Mathematical Forum (DMF) of the European Mathematical Society (EMS), December 19-20, 1997, a Videoconference was held linking three teams of specialists in Amsterdam, Madrid and Venice respectively. The general subject of this videoconference, the second one of the DMF series, was Mathematics and Environment and more specifically, Problems related to Water. This volume contains the texts of the Madrid site contributions with important, new and unpublished, examples on the modeling, mathematical and numerical analysis and treatment of the associated control problems of relevant questions arising in Oceanography and Environment.
Posted in Mathematics

Ocean Circulation

Mechanisms and Impacts -- Past and Future Changes of Meridional Overturning

Author: Andreas Schmittner,John C. H. Chiang,Sidney R. Hemming

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118671880

Category: Science

Page: 392

View: 1356

Published by the American Geophysical Union as part of the Geophysical Monograph Series, Volume 173. The ocean's meridional overturning circulation (MOC) is a key factor in climate change. The Atlantic MOC, in particular, is believed to play an active role in the regional and global climate variability. It is associated with the recent debate on rapid climate change, the Atlantic Multi-Decadal Oscillation (AMO), global warming, and Atlantic hurricanes. This is the first book to deal with all aspects of the ocean's large-scale meridional overturning circulation, and is a coherent presentation, from a mechanistic point of view, of our current understanding of paleo, present-day, and future variability and change. It presents the current state of the science by bringing together the world's leading experts in physical, chemical, and biological oceanography, marine geology, geochemistry, paleoceanography, and climate modeling. A mix of overview and research papers makes this volume suitable not only for experts in the field, but also for students and anyone interested in climate change and the oceans.
Posted in Science

Ocean Currents

Author: N.A

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080870403

Category: Science

Page: 351

View: 2658

Ocean Currents
Posted in Science

Ocean Circulation Theory

Author: Joseph Pedlosky

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540604891

Category: Science

Page: 453

View: 700

Basic questions of physical processes in large-scale dynamics of the oceans are discussed in this book. These large-scale circulations influence the climate of the earth and are of great importance for the future development of our climate system.
Posted in Science

Ocean Circulation Physics

Author: Stern

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0080954545

Category: Science

Page: 243

View: 3825

Ocean Circulation Physics
Posted in Science

Wind-driven ocean circulation

a collection of theoretical studies

Author: Allan R. Robinson

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 161

View: 9778

Posted in Science

Marine Geochemistry

Ocean Circulation, Carbon Cycle and Climate Change

Author: Matthieu Roy-Barman,Catherine Jeandel

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198787499

Category:

Page: 432

View: 4418

Marine geochemistry uses chemical elements and their isotopes to study how the ocean works in terms of ocean circulation, chemical composition, biological activity and atmospheric CO2 regulation. This rapidly growing field is at a crossroad for many disciplines (physical, chemical and biological oceanography, geology, climatology, ecology, etc.). It provides important quantitative answers to questions such as: What is the deep ocean mixing rate? How much atmospheric CO2 is pumped by the ocean? How fast are pollutants removed from the ocean? How do ecosystems react to anthropogenic pressure? This text gives a simple introduction to the concepts, the methods and the applications of marine geochemistry with a particular emphasis on isotopic tracers. Overall introducing a very large number of topics (physical oceanography, ocean chemistry, isotopes, gas exchange, modelling, biogeochemical cycles), with a balance of didactic and indepth information, it provides an outline and a complete course in marine geochemistry. Throughout, the book uses a hands-on approach with worked out exercises and problems (with answers provided at the end of the book), to help the students work through the concepts presented. A broad scale approach is take including ocean physics, marine biology, ocean-climate relations, remote sensing, pollutions and ecology, so that the reader acquires a global perspective of the ocean. It also includes new topics arising from ongoing research programs. This textbook is essential reading for students, scholars, researchers and other professionals.
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Ocean Circulation and Climate

Chapter 11. Conceptual Models of the Wind-Driven and Thermohaline Circulation

Author: Sybren S. Drijfhout,David P. Marshall,Henk A. Dijkstra

Publisher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters

ISBN: 0128058609

Category: Science

Page: 904

View: 1032

Conceptual models are a vital tool for understanding the processes that maintain the global ocean circulation, both in nature and in complex numerical ocean models. In this chapter we provide a broad overview of our conceptual understanding of the wind-driven circulation, the thermohaline circulation, and their transient behavior. While our conceptual understanding of the time-mean wind-driven circulation is now fairly mature, basic questions remain regarding the thermohaline circulation, for example, surrounding its overall strength and stability. Similarly, basic questions remain regarding the transient adjustment and internal variability of the ocean circulation.
Posted in Science

Numerical Models of Ocean Circulation

Inertial Flows and Balanced Dynamics

Author: Jian Wang

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Hydrodynamics

Page: 254

View: 4320

Posted in Hydrodynamics

Deep Ocean Circulation

Physical and Chemical Aspects

Author: T. Teramoto

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080870977

Category: Science

Page: 379

View: 7823

This volume comprises the final report of the research project entitled the Dynamics of the Deep Ocean Circulation. The layered structure of the subsurface circulation, which had been predicted in the hypothetical model proposed prior to the research, is verified through Eulerian and Lagrangian measurements of current. By the use of the numerical model, the deep circulation of the Philippine Sea, which has been long supposed to be isolated from the North Pacific, is revealed to be derived in close association with that of the latter ocean. Behavior of the deep current around the equator is also clarified by numerical modeling. By the extensive use of sediment trapping technology, it becomes clear that sinking sediments play an important role in the distribution of chemical substances in the deep ocean. Graduate students in the field of oceanography will find this a good textbook.
Posted in Science