An excellent new translation and commentary. It will serve newcomers as an informative, accessible introduction to the Nicomachean Ethics and to many issues in Aristotle’s philosophy, but also has much to offer advanced scholars. The commentary is noteworthy for its frequent citations of relevant passages from other works in Aristotle’s corpus, which often shed new light on the texts. Reeve’s translation is meticulous: it hits the virtuous mean--accurate and technical, yet readable--between translation’s vicious extremes of faithlessness and indigestibility.--Jessica Moss, New York University
Publisher: Hackett Publishing
C. C. W. Taylor presents a clear and faithful new translation of one of the most famous and influential texts in the history of Western thought, accompanied by an analytical and critical commentary focusing on philosophical issues. In Books II to IV of the Nicomachean Ethics Aristotle gives his account of virtue of character, which is central to his ethical theory as a whole and a key topic in much modern ethical writing.
Translated with an introduction and commentary
Publisher: OUP Oxford
This book presents an ethical theory for financial transactions that underpins the stability of modern economies. It combines elements from history, ethics, economics and mathematics to show how these combined can be used to develop a pragmatic theory of financial markets. Written in three sections; section one examines the co-evolution of finance and mathematics in an ethical context by focusing on three periods: pre-Socratic Greece, Western Europe in the thirteenth century and North-western Europe in the seventeenth century to demonstrate how the historical development of markets and finance were critical in the development of European ideas of science and democracy. Section two interprets the evidence presented in section one to provide examples of the norms reciprocity, sincerity and charity and introduce the pragmatic theory. Section three uses the pragmatic theory to interpret recent financial crises, address emergent phenomena and relate the theory to alternative contemporary theories of markets. Presenting a unique synthesis of mathematical and behavioural approaches to finance this book provides explicit ethical guidance that will be of interest to academics and practitioners alike.
A Pragmatic Financial Market Theory
Author: Timothy Johnson
Category: Business & Economics
Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics is the first and arguably most important treatise on ethics in Western philosophy. It remains to this day a compelling reflection on the best sort of human life and continues to inspire contemporary thought and debate. This Cambridge Companion includes twenty essays by leading scholars of Aristotle and ancient philosophy that cover the major issues of this text. The essays in this volume shed light on Aristotle's rigorous and challenging thinking on questions such as: can there be a practical science of ethics? What is happiness? Are we responsible for our character? How does moral virtue relate to good thinking? Can we act against our reasoned choice? What is friendship? Is the contemplative life the highest kind of life? Covering all sections of the Nicomachean Ethics and selected topics in Aristotle's Eudemian Ethics and Protrepticus, this volume offers the reader a solid foundation in Aristotle's ethical philosophy.
Author: Ronald Polansky
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Die vorliegende Studie zeigt, dass Aristoteles eine originelle Konzeption der Zurechnung entwickelt, auch wenn er noch über keinen Ausdruck für Zurechnung verfügt. Die Frage nach der Zurechnung ist zu verstehen als die Frage danach, (i) unter welchen Bedingungen und zu welchem Grad Handlungen einem Akteur als seine eigenen Handlungen, für die er (moralisch) verantwortlich ist, zurechenbar sind und (ii) inwieweit ein Akteur auch für seine Dispositionen, die seinen Handlungen zugrunde liegen, verantwortlich ist. Aristoteles’ Konzeption ist innovativ, weil er Willentlichkeit weder als notwendige noch als hinreichende Bedingung für Zurechenbarkeit erweist und weil er nicht nur Handlungen, sondern auch Dispositionen, die Handlungen zugrunde liegen, als Zurechnungsgegenstände auffasst. Die Studie macht die Vielschichtigkeit und Graduierbarkeit des aristotelischen Zurechnungsbegriffs sichtbar, indem sie die Konzeption der Zurechnung auf besondere Arten von Handlungen wie z.B. plötzliche Handlungen, Handlungen aus Zorn (thymos) oder akratische Handlungen anwendet. In systematischer Hinsicht stellt die Studie Bezüge zu Gegenwartspositionen her und zeigt, dass die aristotetelische Position auch für aktuelle Debatten anschlussfähig ist.
Author: Béatrice Lienemann
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
A distinguished international team of scholars under the editorship of Carlo Natali have collaborated to produce a systematic, chapter-by-chapter study of one of the most influential texts in the history of moral philosophy. The seventh book of Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics discusses weakness of will in its first ten chapters, then turns in the last four chapters to pleasure and its relation to the supreme human good.
Author: Carlo Natali
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
The Nicomachean Ethics is one of Aristotle’s most widely read and influential works. Ideas central to ethics—that happiness is the end of human endeavor, that moral virtue is formed through action and habituation, and that good action requires prudence—found their most powerful proponent in the person medieval scholars simply called “the Philosopher.” Drawing on their intimate knowledge of Aristotle’s thought, Robert C. Bartlett and Susan D. Collins have produced here an English-language translation of the Ethics that is as remarkably faithful to the original as it is graceful in its rendering. Aristotle is well known for the precision with which he chooses his words, and in this elegant translation his work has found its ideal match. Bartlett and Collins provide copious notes and a glossary providing context and further explanation for students, as well as an introduction and a substantial interpretive essay that sketch central arguments of the work and the seminal place of Aristotle’s Ethics in his political philosophy as a whole. The Nicomachean Ethics has engaged the serious interest of readers across centuries and civilizations—of peoples ancient, medieval, and modern; pagan, Christian, Muslim, and Jewish—and this new edition will take its place as the standard English-language translation.
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
Aristoteles: Nikomachische Ethik Glückseligkeit, Tugend und Gerechtigkeit sind die Gegenstände seines ethischen Hauptwerkes, das Aristoteles kurz vor seinem Tode abschließt. Die »Nikomachische Ethik« entstand vermutlich im letzten Lebensabschnitt von Aristoteles, also in den Jahren vor 322 vor Chr. Erstdruck in lateinischer Übersetzung: Straßburg (vor 10.4.1496). Erstdruck des griechischen Originals: Venedig 1498. Erste vollständige deutsche Übersetzung durch Daniel Jenisch, Danzig 1791. Der Text folgt der deutschen Übersetzung durch Adolf Lasson von 1909. Die Überschriften stammen vom Übersetzer. Vollständige Neuausgabe mit einer Biographie des Autors. Herausgegeben von Karl-Maria Guth. Berlin 2016, 2. Auflage. Textgrundlage ist die Ausgabe: Aristoteles: Nikomachische Ethik. Ins Deutsche übertragen von Adolf Lasson, Jena: Eugen Diederichs, 1909. Die Paginierung obiger Ausgabe wird in dieser Neuausgabe als Marginalie zeilengenau mitgeführt. Umschlaggestaltung von Thomas Schultz-Overhage unter Verwendung des Bildes: Hayez, Francesco: Aristoteles. Gesetzt aus der Minion Pro, 11 pt. Über den Autor: 384 v. Chr. als Sohn des Hofarztes Nikomachos in Stageira in Thrakien geboren, wird Aristoteles Mitglied von Platons »Akademie« in Athen und Lehrer des jungen Alexander (dem Großen), der ihn später in seinen Studien unterstützt. Seine Sytematisierung ist bis heute prägend, er ist neben seinem Lehrer Platon und dessen Lehrer Sokrates der dritte große Philosoph der Antike. Aristoteles stirbt 322 v. Chr. bei Chalkis auf Euböa.
Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand
Peter Martyr Vermigli (1499-1562) was a scriptural exegete, but also an Aristotelian philosopher. His voluminous commentaries on Old and New Testament books are complemented by this volume, the only one of its kind in his corpus. It provides a window into the complex world of early modern European philosophical translation and commentary, as well as the theology and ethics of the Reformed camp.
Author: Pietro Martire Vermigli
Publisher: Truman State Univ Press
Virtue ethics is on the move both in Anglo-American philosophy and in the rest of the world. This volume uniquely emphasizes non-Western varieties of virtue ethics at the same time that it includes work in the many different fields or areas of philosophy where virtue ethics has recently spread its wings. Just as significantly, several chapters make comparisons between virtue ethics and other ways of approaching ethics or political philosophy or show how virtue ethics can be applied to "real world" problems.
Author: Lorraine L Besser,Michael Slote
Of Aristotleas works, few have had as lasting an influence on subsequent Western thought as "The Nicomachean Ethics," In it, he argues that happiness consists in aactivity of the soul in accordance with virtue, a defining avirtuea as both moral (courage, generosity, and justice) and intellectual (knowledge, wisdom, and insight). Aristotle also discusses the nature of practical reasoning, the different forms of friendship, and the relationship between individual virtue and the state. Featuring a lucid translation, a new introduction, updated suggestions for further reading, and a chronology of Aristotleas life and works, this is the authoritative edition of a seminal intellectual masterpiece.
Author: Aristotle,Hippocrates George Apostle
Publisher: D. Reidel
Mit diesem Band liegt neben der Nikomachischen und der Eudemischen die dritte Version der Ethik des Aristoteles vor. Im Unterschied zu den beiden anderen Ethiken geht es hier um eine Tugend- und Güterlehre, nicht um ein umfassendes Konzept einer Eudämonie. Über die zeitliche Reihenfolge der ethischen Texte des Aristoteles besteht bisher keine Einigkeit. Somit schien es dem Bearbeiter zweckmäßig, Satz für Satz der Gedankendarstellung nachzugehen und auf diese Weise den ersten vollständigen Kommentar zu schaffen. Er kommt zu dem Schluss, dass die "Magna Moralia" nicht als nacharistotelische Kompilation aus Nikomachischer und Eudemischer Ethik begriffen werden könne, sie sich auch nicht zeitlich als "Mittlere Ethik" einreihen lasse, sondern die früheste Skizze des Aristoteles selbst sei. Wenn irgendwo, so ist also innerhalb der Ethik die Möglichkeit gegeben, Aristoteles sukzessive am Werk zu sehen.
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
How can philosophy guide our understanding of and approach to counseling ethics and techniques? Moving beyond the standard review of ethical issues and basic problem solving, this highly engaging new text for counseling professionals features innovative, experiential activities and case studies that promote in-depth thinking about the ethical, moral, and legal issues often confronted by counseling professionals. The book is designed to help counselors develop an appreciation for and confidence in their preferred set of philosophical ethics and become ethically autonomous professionals. To this end, it examines a full range of philosophical approaches to ethics, such as the well-known concepts of ethics codes and laws, as well as the less familiar ideas of existential phenomenology, care ethics, and virtues. Featuring contributions from leading counselor educators and practitioners representing a wide range of expertise in counseling specialties and ethical practice, this text presents ethical practice from a positive, proactive point of view rather than from a reactive or fear-based stance. It provides a solid foundation in ethical decision making, critical thinking, and best practices that will enable counseling professionals to navigate the maze of ethical codes and standards of care, while confidently practicing in a consistently ethical manner. The accompanying Instructorís Manual offers step-by-step guidance on how to facilitate classroom activities and case study discussions, as well as a sample syllabus and a selection of quiz and essay questions to enhance studentsí understanding of each chapter. The text is congruent with relevant ethical codes and CACREP curriculum standards. Key Features: Provides activity-based learning regarding all the ethical standards and legal issues counselors will face Promotes in-depth critical thinking and a proactive, postitive approach to ethical and moral dilemmas Includes examples across all counseling settings and specialties Offers students multiple case examples that make ethical issues realistic and engaging Features Instructorís Manual offering sample syllabus and resources for course activities
Philosophical and Professional Foundations
Author: Christin Jungers, PhD, LPCC-S, NCC,Jocelyn Gregoire, CSSP, EdD, LPC, NCC, ACS
Publisher: Springer Publishing Company
This is a book about how film encountered love in the course of its history. It is also a book about the philosophy of love. Since Plato, erotic love has been praised for leading the soul to knowledge. The vast tradition of poetry devoted to love has emphasized that love is a feeling. Love in Motion presents a new metaphysics and ontology of love as a reciprocal erotic relationship. The book argues that film has been particularly well suited for depicting love in this way, in virtue of its special narrative language. This is a language of expression that has developed in the course of film history. The book spans this history from early silent directors such as Joseph von Sternberg to contemporary filmmakers like Sophia Coppola. At the centre of this study is a comparison between Classical French and American love films of the forties and a series of modernist films by Luis Buñuel, François Truffaut and Wong Kar Wai.
Erotic Relationships in Film
Author: Reidar Due
Publisher: Columbia University Press
Category: Performing Arts
Is Aquinas's Sententia libri Ethicorum an interpretation of Aristotle based on `principles of Christian ethics'? Or do we have in that work a presentation of the foundation of Aquinas's moral philosophy? Professor Doig answers these questions through an examination of the historical context within which the Sententia was composed. In Chapters 1-2, the work's role as a corrective of earlier commentaries is established. Chapter 3, by examining philosophy at Paris between 1215 and 1283, reveals that the proposal by Aquinas of a moral philosophy would have been unexceptional. Chapter 4's investigation of the principles underlying the moral theory of the Sententia makes apparent that they were regarded by Aquinas as both philosophical and Aristotelian. The date to be assigned the composition of the Sententia is studied in Chapter 5, and the conclusion is drawn, that with some probability, the Sententia is its author's final proposal of moral doctrines. The closing Chapter offers a summary of that moral philosophy against the historical background brought out earlier.
A Historical Perspective
Author: J.C. Doig
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
This book comprises essays on the nature of Aspasius’ commentary, his interpretation of Aristotle, and his own place in the history of thought. The contributions are in English or Italian. Aspasius’ commentary on the Nicomachean Ethics is the earliest ancient commentary on Aristotle of which extensive parts survive in their original form. It is important both for the history of commentary as a genre and for the history of philosophical thought in the first two centuries A.D.; it is also still valuable as what its author intended it to be, an aid in interpreting the Ethics. All three aspects are explored by the essays. The book is not formally a commentary on Aspasius’ commentary; but between them the essays consider the interpretation of numerous problematic or significant passages. Full indices will enable readers quickly to locate discussion of particular parts of Aspasius’ work. This volume of essays will form a natural complement to the first ever translation of Aspasius’ commentary into any modern language, currently in preparation by Paul Mercken.
The Earliest Extant Commentary on Aristotle's Ethics
Author: Antonina Alberti,Robert W. Sharples
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
Anyone seriously interested in Aristotle's moral philosophy must take full account of the Eudemian Ethics, a work which has in the past been unduly neglected in favour of the better-known Nicomachean Ethics. The relation between the two treatises is now the subject of lively debate. This volume contains a translation of three of the eight books of the Eudemian Ethics - those that are likely to be of most interest to philosophers today - together with a philosophical commentary on these books from a contemporary point of view. Like the other volumes in the series, it is intended to serve the needs of readers of Aristotle without a knowledge of Greek, and the aim in the translation has been to give as accurate an idea as possible of Aristotle's text; but for the benefit of those who are able to read the original, there are notes on the Greek text used for problematic passages. In preparing this new edition, Michael Woods has made use of the much improved text of the Eudemian Ethics that has recently been published as an Oxford Classical Text, and has taken into consideration recent philosophical work on Aristotle's ethics. The Clarendon Aristotle Series is designed for both students and professionals. It provides accurate translations of selected Aristotelian texts, accompanied by incisive commentaries which focus on philosophical problems and issues. The volumes in the series have been widely welcomed and favourably reviewed. Important new titles are being added to the series, and a number of well-established volumes are being reissued with revisions and/or supplementary material. - ;Introduction; Translation; Commentary; Notes on the Text and Translation; Select bibliography; Glossary; Index -
Publisher: Clarendon Press
Aristotle devotes books 8-9 of the Nicomachean Ethics to friendship, distinguishing three kinds: a primary kind motivated by the other's character; and other kinds motivated by utility or pleasure. He takes up Plato's idea that one knows oneself better as reflected in another's eyes, as providing one of the benefits of friendship, and he also sees true friendship as modelled on true self-love. He further compares friendship with justice, and illustrates the ubiquity of friendship by referring to the way in which we help wayfarers as if they were kin (oikeion), a word he takes from Plato's discussion of love. In many of these respects he probably influenced the Stoic theory of justice as based on the natural kinship (oikeiotes) one feels initially for oneself at birth and, eventually, for lost wayfarers. Of the three commentaries translated here, that by the second-century AD Aristotelian Aspasius is the earliest extant commentary on Aristotle; the second is by Michael of Ephesus in the twelfth century; the third is of unknown date and authorship. Aspasius worries whether there is only one kind of friendship with a single definition.But he plumps for a verdict not given by Aristotle, that the primary kind of friendship serves as a focal point for defining the other two. Aspasius picks up connections with his Stoic contemporaries. Michael cites Christians and draws from Neoplatonists the idea that there is a self-aware part of the soul, and that Aristotle saw individuals as bundles of properties.
Author: Michael of Ephesus,Aspasius
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing