Newsrooms in Conflict

Journalism and the Democratization of Mexico

Author: Sallie Hughes

Publisher: University of Pittsburgh Pre

ISBN: 0822973049

Category: Political Science

Page: 296

View: 3099

Newsrooms in Conflict examines the dramatic changes within Mexican society, politics, and journalism that transformed an authoritarian media institution into many conflicting styles of journalism with very different implications for deepening democracy in the country. Using extensive interviews with journalists and content analysis spanning more than two decades, Sallie Hughes identifies the patterns of newsroom transformation that explain how Mexican journalism was changed from a passive and even collusive institution into conflicting clusters of news organizations exhibiting citizen-oriented, market-driven, and adaptive authoritarian tendencies. Hughes explores the factors that brought about this transformation, including not only the democratic upheaval within Mexico and the role of the market, but also the diffusion of ideas, the transformation of professional identities and, most significantly, the profound changes made within the newsrooms themselves. From the Zapatista rebellion to the political bribery scandals that rocked the nation, Hughes's investigation presents a groundbreaking model of the sociopolitical transformation of a media institution within a new democracy, and the rise and subsequent stagnation of citizen-focused journalism after that democracy was established.
Posted in Political Science

Mano Dura

The Politics of Gang Control in El Salvador

Author: Sonja Wolf

Publisher: University of Texas Press

ISBN: 1477311238

Category: Political Science

Page: 320

View: 6098

In 1992, at the end of a twelve-year civil war, El Salvador was poised for a transition to democracy. Yet, after longstanding dominance by a small oligarchy that continually used violence to repress popular resistance, El Salvador’s democracy has proven to be a fragile one, as social ills (poverty chief among them) have given rise to neighborhoods where gang activity now thrives. Mano Dura examines the ways in which the ruling ARENA party used gang violence to solidify political power in the hands of the elite—culminating in draconian “iron fist” antigang policies that undermine human rights while ultimately doing little to address the roots of gang membership. Drawing on extensive ethnographic fieldwork and policy analysis, Mano Dura examines the activities of three nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) that have advocated for more nuanced policies to eradicate gangs and the societal issues that are both a cause and an effect of gang proliferation. While other studies of street gangs have focused on relatively distant countries such as Colombia, Argentina, and Jamaica, Sonja Wolf’s research takes us to a country closer to the United States, where forced deportation has brought with it US gang culture. Charting the limited success of NGOs in influencing El Salvador’s security policies, the book brings to light key contextual aspects—including myopic media coverage and the ironic populist support for ARENA, despite the party’s protection of the elite at the expense of the greater society.
Posted in Political Science

Centuries of Silence

The Story of Latin American Journalism

Author: Leonardo Ferreira

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780275983970

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 332

View: 5638

Debunks the myth of a free press in Latin America.
Posted in Language Arts & Disciplines

The Alchemists

Questioning our Faith in Courts as Democracy-Builders

Author: Tom Gerald Daly

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1108287190

Category: Law

Page: N.A

View: 4375

Can courts really build democracy in a state emerging from authoritarian rule? This book presents a searching critique of the contemporary global model of democracy-building for post-authoritarian states, arguing that it places excessive reliance on courts. Since 1945, both constitutional courts and international human rights courts have been increasingly perceived as alchemists, capable of transmuting the base materials of a nascent democracy into the gold of a functioning democratic system. By charting the development of this model, and critically analysing the evidence and claims for courts as democracy-builders, this book argues that the decades-long trend toward ever greater reliance on courts is based as much on faith as fact, and can often be counter-productive. Offering a sustained corrective to unrealistic perceptions of courts as democracy-builders, the book points the way toward a much needed rethinking of democracy-building models and a re-evaluation of how we employ courts in this role.
Posted in Law

La política en México

¿Consolidación democrática o deterioro?

Author: Roderic Ai Camp

Publisher: Fondo de Cultura Economica

ISBN: 6071655684

Category: Political Science

Page: 359

View: 9650

Riguroso análisis acerca de los orígenes y el desarrollo de la cultura política en el México contemporáneo. El eje del estudio es la acentuada tendencia de dicha política hacia la democracia y las consecuencias que para ella tuvieron, sobre todo, tres factores: el incremento del narcotráfico y la agresiva estrategia de solución que emprendió el gobierno de Felipe Calderón, la crisis económica a nivel mundial iniciada en Estados Unidos en 2008 y la enérgica pugna por la constitución de una verdadera democracia.
Posted in Political Science

The British National Bibliography

Author: Arthur James Wells

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: English literature

Page: N.A

View: 7708

Posted in English literature

The Best Democracy Money Can Buy

Author: Greg Palast

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 110121323X

Category: Political Science

Page: 408

View: 4055

"Palast is astonishing, he gets the real evidence no one else has the guts to dig up." Vincent Bugliosi, author of None Dare Call it Treason and Helter Skelter Award-winning investigative journalist Greg Palast digs deep to unearth the ugly facts that few reporters working anywhere in the world today have the courage or ability to cover. From East Timor to Waco, he has exposed some of the most egregious cases of political corruption, corporate fraud, and financial manipulation in the US and abroad. His uncanny investigative skills as well as his no-holds-barred style have made him an anathema among magnates on four continents and a living legend among his colleagues and his devoted readership. This exciting collection, now revised and updated, brings together some of Palast's most powerful writing of the past decade. Included here are his celebrated Washington Post exposé on Jeb Bush and Katherine Harris's stealing of the presidential election in Florida, and recent stories on George W. Bush's payoffs to corporate cronies, the payola behind Hillary Clinton, and the faux energy crisis. Also included in this volume are new and previously unpublished material, television transcripts, photographs, and letters.
Posted in Political Science

Qualitative Media Analysis

Author: David L. Altheide,Christopher J. Schneider

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1452230056

Category: Social Science

Page: 150

View: 9502

In order to prepare a successful research project, a qualitative researcher often must consult media documents of various types. Authors David L. Altheide and Christopher J. Schneider show readers how to obtain, categorize, and analyze these different media documents in this entry in the Qualitative Research Methods series. They look at traditional primary documents such as newspapers and magazines but also at more recent forms--television newscasts and cyberspace. The use of student examples of research protocols makes this book a useful primer in deriving meaning from the bombardment of media documents a qualitative researcher faces.
Posted in Social Science

Unequal Opportunities

The Case of Women and the Media

Author: Margaret Gallagher

Publisher: United Nations Educational

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 221

View: 7064

Posted in Social Science

The 9/11 Commission Report

Final Report of the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States

Author: N.A

Publisher: Government Printing Office

ISBN: 0160891809

Category: Political Science

Page: 587

View: 4685

This edition has been designated as the only official U.S. Government edition of the 9-11 Commission’s Final Report. It provides a full and complete account of the circumstances surrounding the September 11th, 2001 terrorist attacks, including preparedness for and the immediate response to the attacks. It also includes recommendations designed to guard against future attacks.
Posted in Political Science

Guns, Democracy, and the Insurrectionist Idea

Author: Joshua Horwitz,Casey Anderson

Publisher: University of Michigan Press

ISBN: 0472033700

Category: History

Page: 274

View: 9899

Does the gun lobby threaten the democratic institutions safeguarding individual liberty in America?
Posted in History

Watchdog Journalism in South America

News, Accountability, and Democracy

Author: Silvio Waisbord

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 9780231506540

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 288

View: 9081

-- Scott L. Althaus, Harvard International Journal of Press/Politics
Posted in Language Arts & Disciplines

Digital Media and Democracy

Tactics in Hard Times

Author: Megan Boler,Andrea Schmidt,Alessandra Renzi,Nathalie Magnan

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262292564

Category: Social Science

Page: 480

View: 6206

In an age of proliferating media and news sources, who has the power to define reality? When the dominant media declared the existence of WMDs in Iraq, did that make it a fact? Today, the "Social Web" (sometimes known as Web 2.0, groupware, or the participatory web) -- epitomized by blogs, viral videos, and YouTube -- creates new pathways for truths to emerge and makes possible new tactics for media activism. In Digital Media and Democracy, leading scholars in media and communication studies, media activists, journalists, and artists explore the contradiction at the heart of the relationship between truth and power today: the fact that the radical democratization of knowledge and multiplication of sources and voices made possible by digital media coexists with the blatant falsification of information by political and corporate powers. The book maps a new digital media landscape that features citizen journalism, The Daily Show, blogging, and alternative media. The contributors discuss broad questions of media and politics, offer nuanced analyses of change in journalism, and undertake detailed examinations of the use of web-based media in shaping political and social movements. The chapters include not only essays by noted media scholars but also interviews with such journalists and media activists as Amy Goodman of Democracy Now!, Media Matters host Robert McChesney, and Hassan Ibrahim of Al Jazeera.Contributors and intervieweesShaina Anand, Chris Atton, Megan Boler, Axel Bruns, Jodi Dean, Ron Deibert, Deepa Fernandes, Amy Goodman, Brian Holmes, Hassan Ibrahim, Geert Lovink, Nathalie Magnan, Robert McChesney, Graham Meikle, Susan Moeller, Alessandra Renzi, Ricardo Rosas, Trebor Scholz, D. Travers Scott, Rebecca Statzel.
Posted in Social Science

Media Systems and Communication Policies in Latin America

Author: M. Guerrero,M. Márquez-Ramírez

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137409053

Category: Political Science

Page: 318

View: 7438

Media Systems and Communication Policies in Latin America proposes, tests and analyses the liberal captured model. It explores to what extent to which globalisation, marketization, commercialism, regional bodies and the nation State redefine the media's role in Latin American societies.
Posted in Political Science

Measures of Press Freedom and Media Contributions to Development

Evaluating the Evaluators

Author: Monroe E. Price,Susan Abbott,Libby Morgan

Publisher: Peter Lang Pub Incorporated

ISBN: 9781433112904

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 343

View: 1796

The global promotion of media diversity: models and bureaucratic imperatives in international media assistance / by Silvio Waisbord.
Posted in Language Arts & Disciplines

Presidential Impeachment and the New Political Instability in Latin America

Author: Aníbal Pérez-Liñán

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139464450

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 4460

Documents the emergence of a pattern of political instability in Latin America. Traditional military coups have receded in the region, but elected presidents are still ousted from power as a result of recurrent crises. Aníbal Pérez-Liñán shows that presidential impeachment has become the main constitutional instrument employed by civilian elites to depose unpopular rulers. Based on detailed comparative research in five countries and extensive historical information, the book explains why crises without breakdown have become the dominant form of instability in recent years and why some presidents are removed from office while others survive in power. The analysis emphasizes the erosion of presidential approval resulting from corruption and unpopular policies, the formation of hostile coalitions in Congress, and the role of investigative journalism. This book challenges classic assumptions in studies of presidentialism and provides important insights for the fields of political communication, democratization, political behaviour, and institutional analysis.
Posted in Political Science

Beyond Convergence

World Without Order

Author: National Defense University (US)

Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform

ISBN: 9781975720421

Category: Computer networks

Page: 402

View: 5636

The world order built upon the Peace of Westphalia is faltering. State fragility or failure are endemic, with no fewer than one-third of the states in the United Nations earning a "high warning"-or worse-in the Fragile States Index, and an equal number suffering a decline in sustainability over the past decade.1 State weakness invites a range of illicit actors, including international terrorists, globally networked insurgents, and transnational criminal organizations (TCOs). The presence and operations of these entities keep states weak and incapable of effective governance, and limit the possibility of fruitful partnerships with the United States and its allies. Illicit organizations and their networks fuel corruption, eroding state legitimacy among the governed, and sowing doubt that the state is a genuine guardian of the public interest. These networks can penetrate the state, leading to state capture, and even criminal sovereignty.2 A growing number of weak and corrupt states is creating gaping holes in the global rule-based system of states that we depend on for our security and prosperity. Indeed, the chapters of this book suggest the emergence of a highly adaptive and parasitic alternative ecosystem, based on criminal commerce and extreme violence, with little regard for what we commonly conceive of as the public interest or the public good. The last 10 years have seen unprecedented growth in interactivity between and among a wide range of illicit networks, as well as the emergence of hybrid organizations that use methods characteristic of both terrorist and criminal groups. In a convergence of interests, terrorist organizations collaborate with cartels, and trafficking organizations collude with insurgents. International terrorist organizations, such as al-Qaeda and Hezbollah, engage energetically in transnational crime to raise funds for their operations. Prominent criminal organizations like Los Zetas in Mexico and D-Company in Pakistan have adopted the symbolic violence of terrorists-the propaganda of the deed-to secure their "turf." And networked insurgents, such as the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC), and the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE), have adopted the techniques of both crime and terror.
Posted in Computer networks