New Directions in Biocultural Anthropology

Author: Molly K. Zuckerman,Debra L. Martin

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 111896294X

Category: Social Science

Page: 536

View: 6381

Biocultural or biosocial anthropology is a research approach that views biology and culture as dialectically and inextricably intertwined, explicitly emphasizing the dynamic interaction between humans and their larger social, cultural, and physical environments. The biocultural approach emerged in anthropology in the 1960s, matured in the 1980s, and is now one of the dominant paradigms in anthropology, particularly within biological anthropology. This volume gathers contributions from the top scholars in biocultural anthropology focusing on six of the most influential, productive, and important areas of research within biocultural anthropology. These are: critical and synthetic approaches within biocultural anthropology; biocultural approaches to identity, including race and racism; health, diet, and nutrition; infectious disease from antiquity to the modern era; epidemiologic transitions and population dynamics; and inequality and violence studies. Focusing on these six major areas of burgeoning research within biocultural anthropology makes the proposed volume timely, widely applicable and useful to scholars engaging in biocultural research and students interested in the biocultural approach, and synthetic in its coverage of contemporary scholarship in biocultural anthropology. Students will be able to grasp the history of the biocultural approach, and how that history continues to impact scholarship, as well as the scope of current research within the approach, and the foci of biocultural research into the future. Importantly, contributions in the text follow a consistent format of a discussion of method and theory relative to a particular aspect of the above six topics, followed by a case study applying the surveyed method and theory. This structure will engage students by providing real world examples of anthropological issues, and demonstrating how biocultural method and theory can be used to elucidate and resolve them. Key features include: Contributions which span the breadth of approaches and topics within biological anthropology from the insights granted through work with ancient human remains to those granted through collaborative research with contemporary peoples. Comprehensive treatment of diverse topics within biocultural anthropology, from human variation and adaptability to recent disease pandemics, the embodied effects of race and racism, industrialization and the rise of allergy and autoimmune diseases, and the sociopolitics of slavery and torture. Contributions and sections united by thematically cohesive threads. Clear, jargon-free language in a text that is designed to be pedagogically flexible: contributions are written to be both understandable and engaging to both undergraduate and graduate students. Provision of synthetic theory, method and data in each contribution. The use of richly contextualized case studies driven by empirical data. Through case-study driven contributions, each chapter demonstrates how biocultural approaches can be used to better understand and resolve real-world problems and anthropological issues.
Posted in Social Science

Out in Public

Reinventing Lesbian / Gay Anthropology in a Globalizing World

Author: Ellen Lewin,William L. Leap

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444310674

Category: Social Science

Page: 384

View: 8657

Out in Public addresses, and engages us in, the new and exciting directions in the emerging field of lesbian/gay anthropology. The authors offer a deep conversation about the meaning of sexuality, subjectivity and culture. Affirms the importance of recognizing gay and lesbian social issues within the arena of public anthropology Explores critical concerns of gay activism in a variety of global settings, from the U.S., the European Union, Singapore, Nigeria, India, Nicaragua, and Guadalajara Offers a unique focus on the politics of being gay and lesbian - in cross-cultural perspective Deals with broad-ranging issues that affect human sexuality and human rights globally Winner of the 2009 Ruth Benedict Prize in the category of "Best Anthology"
Posted in Social Science

New Directions in Anthropology and Environment

Intersections

Author: Carole L. Crumley

Publisher: Altamira Press

ISBN: 9780742502659

Category: Social Science

Page: 308

View: 6944

Crumley has brought together top scholars from across anthropology in a benchmark volume that displays the range of exciting new work on the complex relationship between humans and the environment. Designed for classroom use in and beyond anthropology, this book will be important for all scholars and non-academics interested in the relation between our species and its biotic and built environments.
Posted in Social Science

Building a New Biocultural Synthesis

Political-economic Perspectives on Human Biology

Author: Alan H. Goodman,Thomas L. Leatherman

Publisher: University of Michigan Press

ISBN: 9780472066063

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 486

View: 1266

Shows the potential for a reintegrated, critical, and politically relevant biocultural anthropology
Posted in Health & Fitness

New Directions in Psychological Anthropology

Author: Theodore Schwartz,Geoffrey M. White,Catherine A. Lutz

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521426091

Category: Psychology

Page: 352

View: 870

The contributors to this state-of-the-art collection are prominent figures in psychological anthropology, and they write about recent developments in this field. Rooted in psychoanalytic psychology, the early practitioners in the forties and fifties concentrated on studying cross-cultural variation in child rearing practices. While tensions between individual experience and collective meanings are still central to psychological anthropology, alongside fresh versions of the psychoanalytic approaches, other approaches to the study of cognition, emotion, and ethnopsychology have been introduced. Psychological anthropology's present scope includes the psychology of cognition and affect, to which it has made substantial contributions.
Posted in Psychology

Human-Environment Interactions

New Directions in Human Ecology

Author: Robert Jurmain,Lynn Kilgore,Wenda Trevathan

Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing Company

ISBN: 9780534620714

Category: Social Science

Page: 32

View: 9458

This module by Kathy Galvin begins with a brief discussion of the history and core concepts of the field of human ecology, the study of how humans interact with the natural environment. It then looks in-depth at how the environment influences cultural practices (environmental determinism), as well as how aspects of culture, in turn, affect the environment. Human behavioral ecology is presented within the context of natural selection and how ecological factors influence the development of cultural and behavioral traits, and how people subsist in different environments. The module concludes with a discussion of resilience and global change as a result of human-environment interactions.
Posted in Social Science

New Directions in the Skeletal Biology of Greece

Author: Lynne Alison Schepartz,Sherry C. Fox,Chryssi Bourbou

Publisher: ASCSA

ISBN: 0876615434

Category: Nature

Page: 284

View: 6988

Physical anthropology, the study of human skeletal remains, has assumed an increasingly important role in the archaeology of Greece over the past 30 years, both in the field and in interpretive research. In addition to including stimulating case studies, ranging in date from the Palaeolithic to modern periods, the 17 chapters in this book provide an overview of bioarchaeological research across Greece and Cyprus. The volume is the first in a series of monographs from the Wiener Laboratory at the ASCSA that demonstrates the impact of archaeological science on Mediterranean archaeology.
Posted in Nature

Abstracts of the Annual Meeting

Author: American Anthropological Association

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Anthropology

Page: N.A

View: 2287

Posted in Anthropology

Annual Review of Anthropology

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Anthropology

Page: N.A

View: 2348

Annual compilation of critical articles from all areas of the discipline of anthropology.
Posted in Anthropology

Environmental Anthropology

Future Directions

Author: Helen Kopnina,Eleanor Shoreman-Ouimet

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135044120

Category: Social Science

Page: 328

View: 6388

This volume presents new theoretical approaches, methodologies, subject pools, and topics in the field of environmental anthropology. Environmental anthropologists are increasingly focusing on self-reflection - not just on themselves and their impacts on environmental research, but also on the reflexive qualities of their subjects, and the extent to which these individuals are questioning their own environmental behavior. Here, contributors confront the very notion of "natural resources" in granting non-human species their subjectivity and arguing for deeper understanding of "nature," and "wilderness" beyond the label of "ecosystem services." By engaging in interdisciplinary efforts, these anthropologists present new ways for their colleagues, subjects, peers and communities to understand the causes of, and alternatives to environmental destruction. This book demonstrates that environmental anthropology has moved beyond the construction of rural, small group theory, entering into a mode of solution-based methodologies and interdisciplinary theories for understanding human-environmental interactions. It is focused on post-rural existence, health and environmental risk assessment, on the realm of alternative actions, and emphasizes the necessary steps towards preventing environmental crisis.
Posted in Social Science

Jenseits von Natur und Kultur

Author: Philippe Descola

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518768409

Category: Social Science

Page: 638

View: 9310

Seit der Zeit der Renaissance ist unser Weltbild von einer zentralen Unterscheidung bestimmt: der zwischen Natur und Kultur. Dort die von Naturgesetzen regierte, unpersönliche Welt der Tiere und Dinge, hier die Menschenwelt mit ihrer individuellen und kulturellen Vielfalt. Diese fundamentale Trennung beherrscht unser ganzes Denken und Handeln. In seinem faszinierenden Buch zeigt der große französische Anthropologe und Schüler von Claude Lévi-Strauss, Philippe Descola, daß diese Kosmologie alles andere als selbstverständlich ist. Dabei stützt er sich auf reiches Material aus zum Teil eigenen anthropologischen Feldforschungen bei Naturvölkern und indigenen Kulturen in Afrika, Amazonien, Neuguinea oder Sibirien. Descola führt uns vor Augen, daß deren Weltbilder ganz andersartig aufgebaut sind als das unsere mit seinen »zwei Etagen« von Natur und Kultur. So betrachten manche Kulturen Dinge als beseelt oder glauben, daß verwandtschaftliche Beziehungen zwischen Tieren und Menschen bestehen. Descola plädiert für eine monistische Anthropologie und entwirft eine Typologie unterschiedlichster Weltbilder. Auf diesem Wege lassen sich neben dem westlichen dualistischen Naturalismus totemistische, animistische oder analogistische Kosmologien entdecken. Eine fesselnde Reise in fremde Welten, die uns unsere eigene mit anderen Augen sehen läßt.
Posted in Social Science

New directions in political economy

an approach from anthropology

Author: Madeline Barbara Léons,Frances Rothstein

Publisher: Greenwood Pub Group

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 350

View: 1545

Posted in Business & Economics

Die Indianer Nordamerikas

Author: Edward S. Curtis

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783822847701

Category:

Page: 576

View: 6770

Posted in

Das egoistische Gen

Mit einem Vorwort von Wolfgang Wickler

Author: Richard Dawkins

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642553915

Category: Science

Page: 489

View: 9088

p”Ein auch heute noch bedeutsamer Klassiker“ Daily Express Sind wir Marionetten unserer Gene? Nach Richard Dawkins ́ vor über 30 Jahren entworfener und heute noch immer provozierender These steuern und dirigieren unsere von Generation zu Generation weitergegebenen Gene uns, um sich selbst zu erhalten. Alle biologischen Organismen dienen somit vor allem dem Überleben und der Unsterblichkeit der Erbanlagen und sind letztlich nur die "Einweg-Behälter" der "egoistischen" Gene. Sind wir Menschen also unserem Gen-Schicksal hilflos ausgeliefert? Dawkins bestreitet dies und macht uns Hoffnung: Seiner Meinung nach sind wir nämlich die einzige Spezies mit der Chance, gegen ihr genetisches Schicksal anzukämpfen.
Posted in Science

Das wilde Denken

Author: Claude Lévi-Strauss

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783518276143

Category: Totemismus - Strukturalismus

Page: 333

View: 7001

Posted in Totemismus - Strukturalismus

Medical Anthropology in Europe

Teaching and Doctoral Research

Author: Elisabeth Hsu,Doreen Montag

Publisher: Sean Kingston Pub

ISBN: 9780954557256

Category: Social Science

Page: 111

View: 686

This handbook to existing medical anthropology programs at the undergraduate and postgraduate level in Europe is designed for students who are looking for suitable training and professionals who are looking for expertise in the field.
Posted in Social Science