New Developments in Archaeology Research

Author: Martin Adalslteinn

Publisher: Nova Science Pub Incorporated

ISBN: 9781628082036

Category: Political Science

Page: 83

View: 7638

In this book, the authors present new developments in archaeology research. Topics include the adequacy of small-scale samplings from ancient pottery for instrumental analysis; the problem of phosphorous pollution in ceramic archaeological materials buried in the ground and polluted Neolithic pottery; and the huge potential in applying archaeological stratigraphic excavation to all kinds of objects, such as paintings, sculptures and even archaeological artifacts themselves.
Posted in Political Science

Our Indigenous Ancestors

A Cultural History of Museums, Science, and Identity in Argentina, 1877–1943

Author: Carolyne R. Larson

Publisher: Penn State Press

ISBN: 0271073179

Category: Social Science

Page: 232

View: 4344

Our Indigenous Ancestors complicates the history of the erasure of native cultures and the perceived domination of white, European heritage in Argentina through a study of anthropology museums in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Carolyne Larson demonstrates how scientists, collectors, the press, and the public engaged with Argentina’s native American artifacts and remains (and sometimes living peoples) in the process of constructing an “authentic” national heritage. She explores the founding and functioning of three museums in Argentina, as well as the origins and consolidation of Argentine archaeology and the professional lives of a handful of dynamic curators and archaeologists, using these institutions and individuals as a window onto nation building, modernization, urban-rural tensions, and problems of race and ethnicity in turn-of-the-century Argentina. Museums and archaeology, she argues, allowed Argentine elites to build a modern national identity distinct from the country’s indigenous past, even as it rested on a celebrated, extinct version of that past. As Larson shows, contrary to widespread belief, elements of Argentina’s native American past were reshaped and integrated into the construction of Argentine national identity as white and European at the turn of the century. Our Indigenous Ancestors provides a unique look at the folklore movement, nation building, science, institutional change, and the divide between elite, scientific, and popular culture in Argentina and the Americas at a time of rapid, sweeping changes in Latin American culture and society.
Posted in Social Science

Anthropology and Climate Change

From Encounters to Actions

Author: Susan A Crate,Mark Nuttall

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1315434768

Category: Social Science

Page: 416

View: 3037

The first book to comprehensively assess anthropology’s engagement with climate change, this pioneering volume both maps out exciting trajectories for research and issues a call to action. Chapters in part one are systematic research reviews, covering the relationship between culture and climate from prehistoric times to the present; changing anthropological discourse on climate and environment; the diversity of environmental and sociocultural changes currently occurring around the globe; and the unique methodological and epistemological tools anthropologists bring to bear on climate research. Part two includes a series of case studies that highlights leading-edge research—including some unexpected and provocative findings. Part three challenges scholars to be proactive on the front lines of climate change, providing instruction on how to work in with research communities, with innovative forms of communication, in higher education, in policy environments, as individuals, and in other critical arenas. Linking sophisticated knowledge to effective actions, Anthropology and Climate Change is essential for students and scholars in anthropology and environmental studies.
Posted in Social Science

Archaeological Hammers and Theories

Author: James A. Moore,Arthur S. Keene

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483277631

Category: History

Page: 330

View: 9116

Studies in Archaeology: Archaeological Hammers and Theories provides information pertinent to the archeological method, with emphasis on the interaction of data and technique with theory and problems. This book describes the nature of archeological data, the range of archeological theories, and the scope of archeological problems. Organized into three parts encompassing 13 chapters, this book begins with an overview of the products of the archeological record. This text then examines survey sampling, site formation studies, and lithic and ceramic analysis. Other chapters consider the behavioral concepts that are implicit in the notions of special behavior, optimization, decision making, and population dynamics. This book discusses as well the analysis of pottery, which plays a leading part in the reconstruction of culture histories in archeology. The final chapter suggests an alternative set of philosophical issues that might serve to focus a philosophy or archeology. This book is a valuable resource for archeologists.
Posted in History

Nature Across Cultures

Views of Nature and the Environment in Non-Western Cultures

Author: Helaine Selin

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401701490

Category: Science

Page: 482

View: 2079

Nature Across Cultures: Views of Nature and the Environment in Non-Western Cultures consists of about 25 essays dealing with the environmental knowledge and beliefs of cultures outside of the United States and Europe. In addition to articles surveying Islamic, Chinese, Native American, Aboriginal Australian, Indian, Thai, and Andean views of nature and the environment, among others, the book includes essays on Environmentalism and Images of the Other, Traditional Ecological Knowledge, Worldviews and Ecology, Rethinking the Western/non-Western Divide, and Landscape, Nature, and Culture. The essays address the connections between nature and culture and relate the environmental practices to the cultures which produced them. Each essay contains an extensive bibliography. Because the geographic range is global, the book fills a gap in both environmental history and in cultural studies. It should find a place on the bookshelves of advanced undergraduate students, graduate students, and scholars, as well as in libraries serving those groups.
Posted in Science

Robert Redfield and the Development of American Anthropology

Author: Clifford Wilcox

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 9780739117774

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 235

View: 867

Relying upon close readings of virtually all of his published and unpublished writings as well as extensive interviews with former colleagues and students, Robert Redfield and the Development of American Anthropology traces the development of Robert Redfield's ideas regarding social change and the role of social science in American society. Reconsideration of these debates will enrich contemporary thinking regarding the history of American anthropology and international development.
Posted in Biography & Autobiography

Exchange Systems in Prehistory

Author: T. Earle,J. Ericson

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 148329496X

Category: Social Science

Page: 274

View: 1511

Exchange Systems in Prehistory
Posted in Social Science

Anthropology Explored, Second Edition

The Best of Smithsonian AnthroNotes

Author: Ruth Selig,Marilyn R. London,P. Ann Kaupp

Publisher: Smithsonian Institution

ISBN: 1588343383

Category: Social Science

Page: 496

View: 8625

This new edition offers a variety of clearly written and readily accessible articles from the Smithsonian’s highly acclaimed, award-winning publication AnthroNotes. Some of the world's leading anthropologists explore fundamental questions humans ask about themselves as individuals, as societies, and as a species. The articles reveal the richness and breadth of anthropology, covering not only the fundamental subjects but also the changing perspectives of anthropologists over the 150-year history of their field. Illustrated with original cartoons by anthropoligst Robert L. Humphrey, Anthropology Explored opens up to lay readers, teachers, and students a discipline as varied and fascinating as the cultures it observes.
Posted in Social Science

Myths of the Archaic State

Evolution of the Earliest Cities, States, and Civilizations

Author: Norman Yoffee

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521521567

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 277

View: 880

Classical archaeology promotes the view that a state's evolution reflects general, universal forces. Norman Yoffee challenges the model in this book by presenting more complex and multi-linear models for the evolution of civilizations. Yoffee questions the definition of the prehistoric state, particularly that which heralds "the chiefdom" as the forerunner of the ancient state and explores case studies on the role of women in ancient societies.
Posted in Literary Criticism

Archaeology and Economic Development

Author: Paul Burtenshaw

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351191136

Category: Social Science

Page: 290

View: 3207

"Nowhere in archaeology is the gap between theory and practice more evident than in its ambivalent engagement with economic development. This groundbreaking volume assembles practicing archaeologists, economists, and NGO officials in an extensive exploration of the theoretical, practical and ethical issues raised by archaeologists' use of cultural heritage to support economic development. The first chapters consider the problem of articulating the value of tangible and intangible heritage when economic measures alone are inadequate. Subsequent chapters present regional perspectives on archaeology and development, and present a host of case studies from around the globe that describe archaeologists' development projects, including some that are successful and others that are less so. These studies both suggest best practices in the implementation of development projects and illuminate the obstacles to success created by political conflict and competing human needs. Ethical issues and practical considerations converge in chapters that explore the role that members of local communities should play in the design, management and governance of archaeological and heritage resources. In this volume, archaeologists and heritage professionals will encounter a thought-provoking international discourse concerning the path forward for archaeology as the field engages with economic development."
Posted in Social Science

From Acorns to Warehouses

Historical Political Economy of Southern California's Inland Empire

Author: Thomas C Patterson

Publisher: Left Coast Press

ISBN: 1629580414

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 8099

Thomas C. Patterson’s large-scale history of the Inland Empire of Southern California traces the social, political and economic changes in this region from the first Native American settlement 12,000 years ago to the present. Framing his discussion of this region in the general growth trajectory of California’s socio-economic history, he is able to connect landscape, resources, wealth, labor, and inequality using a Marxian framework for many key periods of the region’s history. In moving between large scale historical changes, regional adaptations and resistance to those changes, and a framework that places those responses in theoretical context, Patterson’s work allows the reader to see how inland Southern California developed into the warehouse empire of the 21st century and its prospects for the future.
Posted in Social Science

Key Concepts in Public Archaeology

Author: Gabriel Moshenska

Publisher: UCL Press

ISBN: 1911576410

Category: Religion

Page: 250

View: 7987

This book provides a broad overview of the key concepts in public archaeology, a research field that examines the relationship between archaeology and the public, in both theoretical and practical terms. While based on the long-standing programme of undergraduate and graduate teaching in public archaeology at UCL’s renowned Institute of Archaeology, the book also takes into account the growth of scholarship from around the world and seeks to clarify what exactly ‘public archaeology’ is by promoting an inclusive, socially and politically engaged vision of the discipline. Written for students and practitioners, the individual chapters provide textbook-level introductions to the themes, theories and controversies that connect archaeology to wider society, from the trade in illicit antiquities to the use of digital media in public engagement, and point readers to the most relevant case studies and learning resources to aid their further study. This book was produced as part of JISC's Institution as e-Textbook Publisher project. Find out more athttps://www.jisc.ac.uk/rd/projects/institution-as-e-textbook-publisher Praise for Key Concepts in Archaeology 'Littered throughout with concise and well-chosen case studies, Key Concepts in Public Archaeology could become essential reading for undergraduates and is a welcome reminder of where archaeology sits in UK society today.' British Archaeology
Posted in Religion

UC Santa Cruz

Author: University of California, Santa Cruz

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 6244

Posted in

The Archaeology of Africa

Food, Metals and Towns

Author: Thurstan Shaw

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415115858

Category: Social Science

Page: 857

View: 3390

Africa has a vibrant past. It emerges from this book as the proud possessor of a vast and highly complicated interweaving of peoples and cultures, practising an enormous diversity of economic and social strategies in an Extraordinary range of environmental situations. At long last the archaeology of Africa has revealed enough of Africa's unwritten past to confound preconceptions about this continent and to upset the picture inferred from historic written records. Without an understanding of its past complexities, it is impossible to grasp Africa's present, let alone its future.
Posted in Social Science

Connections and Complexity

New Approaches to the Archaeology of South Asia

Author: Shinu Anna Abraham,Praveena Gullapalli,Teresa P Raczek,Uzma Z Rizvi

Publisher: Left Coast Press

ISBN: 1598746863

Category: History

Page: 430

View: 9197

The set of case studies presented in this volume emphasize the significance of new research in South Asia within the broader universe of archaeological scholarship.
Posted in History

Fingerprints of the Gods

The Evidence of Earth's Lost Civilization

Author: Graham Hancock

Publisher: Three Rivers Press

ISBN: 0307829057

Category: Science

Page: 592

View: 7776

The bestselling author of The Sign and the Seal reveals the true origins of civilization. Connecting puzzling clues scattered throughout the world, Hancock discovers compelling evidence of a technologically and culturally advanced civilization that was destroyed and obliterated from human memory. Four 8-page photo inserts.
Posted in Science

Encyclopedia of archaeology

Author: Deborah M. Pearsall

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780123736437

Category: Social Science

Page: 2382

View: 3221

Posted in Social Science

Entheogens and the Development of Culture

The Anthropology and Neurobiology of Ecstatic Experience

Author: John A. Rush

Publisher: North Atlantic Books

ISBN: 1583946241

Category: Body, Mind & Spirit

Page: 672

View: 8775

Entheogens and the Development of Culture makes the radical proposition that mind-altering substances have played a major part not only in cultural development but also in human brain development. Researchers suggest that we have purposely enhanced receptor sites in the brain, especially those for dopamine and serotonin, through the use of plants and fungi over a long period of time. The trade-off for lowered functioning and potential drug abuse has been more creative thinking--or a leap in consciousness. Experiments in entheogen use led to the development of primitive medicine, in which certain mind-altering plants and fungi were imbibed to still fatigue, pain, or depression, while others were taken to promote hunger and libido. Our ancestors selected for our neural hardware, and our propensity for seeking altered forms of consciousness as a survival strategy may be intimately bound to our decision-making processes going back to the dawn of time. Fourteen essays by a wide range of contributors—including founding president of the American Anthropological Association’s Anthropology of Religion section Michael Winkelman, PhD; Carl A. P. Ruck, PhD, Boston University professor of classics and an authority on the ecstatic rituals of the god Dionysus; and world-renowned botanist Dr. Gaston Guzma, member of the Colombian National Academy of Sciences and expert on hallucinogenic mushrooms—demonstrate that altering consciousness continues to be an important part of human experience today. Anthropologists, cultural historians, and anyone interested in the effects of mind-altering substances on the human mind and soul will find this book deeply informative and inspiring. From the Trade Paperback edition.
Posted in Body, Mind & Spirit

Fetishes and Monuments

Afro-Brazilian Art and Culture in the 20th Century

Author: Roger Sansi

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 1845457110

Category: Art

Page: 224

View: 6088

One hundred years ago in Brazil the rituals of Candomblé were feared as sorcery and persecuted as crime. Its cult objects were fearsome fetishes. Nowadays, they are Afro-Brazilian cultural works of art, objects of museum display and public monuments. Focusing on the particular histories of objects, images, spaces and persons who embodied it, this book portrays the historical journey from weapons of sorcery looted by the police, to hidden living stones, to public works of art attacked by religious fanatics that see them as images of the Devil, former sorcerers who have become artists, writers, and philosophers. Addressing this history as a journey of objectification and appropriation, the author offers a fresh, unconventional, and illuminating look at questions of syncretism, hybridity and cultural resistance in Brazil and in the Black Atlantic in general.
Posted in Art

Understanding Early Civilizations

A Comparative Study

Author: Bruce G. Trigger

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521822459

Category: History

Page: 757

View: 4722

This book offers the first detailed comparative study of the seven best-documented early civilizations: ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia, Shang China, the Aztecs and adjacent peoples in the Valley of Mexico, the Classic Maya, the Inka, and the Yoruba. Unlike previous studies, equal attention is paid to similarities and differences in their sociopolitical organization, economic systems, religion, and culture. Many of this study's findings are surprising and provocative. Agricultural systems, technologies, and economic behaviour turn out to have been far more diverse than was expected. These findings and many others challenge not only current understandings of early civilizations but also the theoretical foundations of modern archaeology and anthropology. The key to understanding early civilizations lies not in their historical connections but in what they can tell us about similarities and differences in human behaviour.
Posted in History