New Developments in Archaeology Research

Author: Martin Adalslteinn

Publisher: Nova Science Pub Incorporated

ISBN: 9781628082036

Category: Political Science

Page: 83

View: 1943

In this book, the authors present new developments in archaeology research. Topics include the adequacy of small-scale samplings from ancient pottery for instrumental analysis; the problem of phosphorous pollution in ceramic archaeological materials buried in the ground and polluted Neolithic pottery; and the huge potential in applying archaeological stratigraphic excavation to all kinds of objects, such as paintings, sculptures and even archaeological artifacts themselves.
Posted in Political Science

Anthropology Explored, Second Edition

The Best of Smithsonian AnthroNotes

Author: Ruth Selig,Marilyn R. London,P. Ann Kaupp

Publisher: Smithsonian Institution

ISBN: 1588343383

Category: Social Science

Page: 496

View: 6200

This new edition offers a variety of clearly written and readily accessible articles from the Smithsonian’s highly acclaimed, award-winning publication AnthroNotes. Some of the world's leading anthropologists explore fundamental questions humans ask about themselves as individuals, as societies, and as a species. The articles reveal the richness and breadth of anthropology, covering not only the fundamental subjects but also the changing perspectives of anthropologists over the 150-year history of their field. Illustrated with original cartoons by anthropoligst Robert L. Humphrey, Anthropology Explored opens up to lay readers, teachers, and students a discipline as varied and fascinating as the cultures it observes.
Posted in Social Science

Nature Across Cultures

Views of Nature and the Environment in Non-Western Cultures

Author: Helaine Selin

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401701490

Category: Science

Page: 482

View: 2598

Nature Across Cultures: Views of Nature and the Environment in Non-Western Cultures consists of about 25 essays dealing with the environmental knowledge and beliefs of cultures outside of the United States and Europe. In addition to articles surveying Islamic, Chinese, Native American, Aboriginal Australian, Indian, Thai, and Andean views of nature and the environment, among others, the book includes essays on Environmentalism and Images of the Other, Traditional Ecological Knowledge, Worldviews and Ecology, Rethinking the Western/non-Western Divide, and Landscape, Nature, and Culture. The essays address the connections between nature and culture and relate the environmental practices to the cultures which produced them. Each essay contains an extensive bibliography. Because the geographic range is global, the book fills a gap in both environmental history and in cultural studies. It should find a place on the bookshelves of advanced undergraduate students, graduate students, and scholars, as well as in libraries serving those groups.
Posted in Science

Robert Redfield and the Development of American Anthropology

Author: Clifford Wilcox

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 9780739117774

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 235

View: 2423

Relying upon close readings of virtually all of his published and unpublished writings as well as extensive interviews with former colleagues and students, Robert Redfield and the Development of American Anthropology traces the development of Robert Redfield's ideas regarding social change and the role of social science in American society. Reconsideration of these debates will enrich contemporary thinking regarding the history of American anthropology and international development.
Posted in Biography & Autobiography

Agency in Archaeology

Author: Marcia-Anne Dobres,John E. Robb

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415207614

Category: Social Science

Page: 271

View: 5102

Agency in Archaeology is the first critical volume to scrutinise the concept of agency and to examine in-depth its potential to inform our understanding of the past. Theories of agency recognise that human beings make choices, hold intentions and take action. This offers archaeologists scope to move beyond looking at broad structural or environmental change and instead to consider the individual and the group Agency in Archaeology brings together nineteen internationally renowned scholars who have very different, and often conflicting, stances on the meaning and use of agency theory to archaeology. The volume is composed of five theoretically-based discussions and nine case studies, drawing on regions from North America and Mesoamerica to Western and central Europe, and ranging in subject from the late Pleistocene hunter-gatherers to the restructuring of gender relations in the north-eastern US.
Posted in Social Science

Introducing Archaeology, Second Edition

Author: Robert J. Muckle

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442607874

Category: Social Science

Page: 304

View: 2602

Introducing Archaeology offers a lively alternative to many other texts. While covering traditional elements of archaeology, including methods and prehistory, the book also integrates the key principles of curriculum reform for the twenty-first century, as outlined by the Society for American Archaeology. The second edition highlights recent developments in the field and includes a new chapter on archaeology beyond mainstream academia. It also integrates more examples from popular culture, including mummies, tattoos, pirates, and global warming. What results is a surprisingly fresh and contemporary take on archaeology, one that situates the discipline within, but also beyond, the academy. Introducing Archaeology is accompanied by a free website with chapter-by-chapter resources for students, including study questions. Visit www.introducingarchaeology.com. Instructor ancillaries for Introducing Archaeology include an instructor's manual, PowerPoint slides, and a testbank.
Posted in Social Science

The Archaeology of Africa

Food, Metals and Towns

Author: Thurstan Shaw,Bassey Andah,Alex Okpoko,Paul Sinclair

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415115858

Category: Social Science

Page: 857

View: 7347

The authors of this work are either Africans or live in Africa, and all carry out fieldwork there. This not only allows a wide overview of African development from around 8000 BC to the present day, but also offers individual reviews and in-depth studies. Rather than appearing as a barren continenent, requiring the input of colonizers in order to make any kind of progress, Africa emerges as the proud possessor of a vast and highly complex inter-weaving of peoples and cultures, all practising a huge diversity of economic and social strategies in so many different environmental situations. In some areas, hunting and gathering was a successful adaptation, in some, pastoralism, in others, small agricultural communities, and in still others, urbanization. The archaeology of Africa has revealed enough of Africa's unwritten past to confound preconceptions about this continent.
Posted in Social Science

OUR FRAGILE WORLD: Challenges and Opportunities for Sustainable Development - Volume II

Author: M. K. Tolba

Publisher: EOLSS Publications

ISBN: 0953494470

Category: Sustainable agriculture

Page: 2263

View: 8937

This publication, Our Fragile World: Challenges and Opportunities for Sustainable Development presents perspectives of several important subjects that are covered in greater detail and depth in the Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS). The contributions to the two volumes provide an integrated presentation of knowledge and worldviews related to the state of: Earth's natural resources, social resources, institutional resources, and economic and financial resources. They present the vision and thinking of over 200 authors in support of efforts to solve the complex problems connected with sustainable development, and to secure perennial life support on "The Blue Planet'. These contributions are holistic, informative, forward looking, and will be of interest to a broad readership. This volume presents contributions with focus on the Economic and Institutional Dimensions of Sustainable Development in two sections: KNOWLEDGE, TECHNOLOGY, AND MANAGEMENT (Knowledge; Technology and Management ; Economics; Finance and trade). – POLICY AND INSITUTIONAL IMPLICATIONS FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT (Policy Issues; Institutional implications; Regional Analysis).
Posted in Sustainable agriculture

UC Santa Cruz

Author: University of California, Santa Cruz

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 6929

Posted in

Order, Legitimacy, and Wealth in Ancient States

Author: Janet Richards,Mary Van Buren

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521776714

Category: History

Page: 163

View: 7322

In a very influential paper published in 1994, John Baines, an Egyptologist, and Norman Yoffee, a Near Eastern archaeologist, produced the first analysis to examine the impact of wealth and high culture on the development of states. The contributors to this book apply their model to a range of ancient states around the world, providing evidence on the production and uses of 'high culture', literature and monumental architecture. There are chapters on Mesoamerica, the Andes, the Indus Valley, China, and Greece, while others expand on the original Egypt-Mesopotamia comparison.
Posted in History

A Companion to Chinese Archaeology

Author: Anne P. Underhill

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118325788

Category: Social Science

Page: 664

View: 3207

A Companion to Chinese Archaeology is an unprecedented, newresource on the current state of archaeological research in one ofthe world’s oldest civilizations. It presents a collection ofreadings from leading archaeologists in China and elsewhere thatprovide diverse interpretations about social and economicorganization during the Neolithic period and early BronzeAge. An unprecedented collection of original contributions frominternational scholars and collaborative archaeological teamsconducting research on the Chinese mainland and Taiwan Makes available for the first time in English the work ofleading archaeologists in China Provides a comprehensive view of research in key geographicregions of China Offers diverse methodological and theoretical approaches tounderstanding China’s past, beginning with the era ofestablished agricultural villages from c. 7000 B.C. through to theend of the Shang dynastic period in c. 1045 B.C.
Posted in Social Science

The Oxford Handbook of African Archaeology

Author: Peter Mitchell,Paul Lane

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191626155

Category: Social Science

Page: 1080

View: 8975

Africa has the longest and arguably the most diverse archaeological record of any of the continents. It is where the human lineage first evolved and from where Homo sapiens spread across the rest of the world. Later, it witnessed novel experiments in food-production and unique trajectories to urbanism and the organisation of large communities that were not always structured along strictly hierarchical lines. Millennia of engagement with societies in other parts of the world confirm Africa's active participation in the construction of the modern world, while the richness of its history, ethnography, and linguistics provide unusually powerful opportunities for constructing interdisciplinary narratives of Africa's past. This Handbook provides a comprehensive and up-to-date synthesis of African archaeology, covering the entirety of the continent's past from the beginnings of human evolution to the archaeological legacy of European colonialism. As well as covering almost all periods and regions of the continent, it includes a mixture of key methodological and theoretical issues and debates, and situates the subject's contemporary practice within the discipline's history and the infrastructural challenges now facing its practitioners. Bringing together essays on all these themes from over seventy contributors, many of them living and working in Africa, it offers a highly accessible, contemporary account of the subject for use by scholars and students of not only archaeology, but also history, anthropology, and other disciplines.
Posted in Social Science

HISTORIES OF MAIZE

MULTIDISCIPLINARY APPROACHES TO THE PREHISTORY, LINGUISTICS, BIOGEOGRAPHY, DOMESTICATION, AND EVOLUTION OF MAIZE

Author: John Staller,Robert Tykot,Bruce Benz

Publisher: Left Coast Press

ISBN: 1598744623

Category: Science

Page: 704

View: 508

Histories of Maize is the most comprehensive reference source on the botanical, genetic, archaeological, and anthropological aspects of ancient maize published to date.
Posted in Science

Connections and Complexity

New Approaches to the Archaeology of South Asia

Author: Shinu Anna Abraham,Praveena Gullapalli,Teresa P Raczek,Uzma Z Rizvi

Publisher: Left Coast Press

ISBN: 1598746863

Category: History

Page: 430

View: 3173

The set of case studies presented in this volume emphasize the significance of new research in South Asia within the broader universe of archaeological scholarship.
Posted in History

From Foragers to Farmers

Papers in Honour of Gordon C. Hillman

Author: Ehud Weiss

Publisher: Oxbow Books

ISBN: 1782973311

Category: Social Science

Page: 298

View: 5204

This volume celebrates the career of archaebotanist Professor Gordon C. Hillman. Twenty-eight papers cover a wide range of topics reflecting the great influence that Hillman has had in the field of archaeobotany. Many of his favourite research topics are covered, the body of the text being split into four sections: Personal reflections on Professor Hillman's career; archaeobotanical theory and method; ethnoarchaeological and cultural studies; and ancient plant use from sites and regions around the world. The collection demonstrates, as Gordon Hillman believes, that the study of archaebotany is not only valuable, but vital for any study of humanity.
Posted in Social Science

Gender and Archaeology

Author: Rita Wright

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 9780812215748

Category: Architecture

Page: 296

View: 2131

This important collection represents current thinking in feminist studies in archaeology. Its contributors are primarily anthropologists but the book also includes essays by a bioanthropologist and an historian of technology. All are leading scholars who, using a range of methodologies and theoretical frameworks, integrate gender into the central questions with which archaeologists have traditionally been concerned. The book challenges archaeologists to draw on wider feminist discourses in their interpretations of past societies and feminist scholars in other disciplines to consider the new engendered approaches to archaeology presented in the volume. Contributors include: Gillian Bentley, Elizabeth Brumfiel, Margaret Conkey, Cathy Lynne Costin, Joan Gero, Rosemary Joyce, Judith McGaw, Janet Romanowicz, Ruth Tringham, and the editor.
Posted in Architecture

Ancient Oaxaca

Author: Richard Blanton

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521577878

Category: History

Page: 153

View: 3900

Just after 500 B.C., one of the earliest states in the New World developed in the Valley of Oaxaca, in present-day Mexico. The newly created political institution brought in its wake a profound transformation of society and technology. This book investigates the rich archaeological record of the valley in an attempt to throw light on the causes and consequences of these changes.
Posted in History

Catalog of the University of Iowa

Author: University of Iowa

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Universities and colleges

Page: N.A

View: 2378

Posted in Universities and colleges

Arm und reich

die Schicksale menschlicher Gesellschaften

Author: Jared M. Diamond

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783596149674

Category: Kontinent - Gesellschaft - Entwicklung - Umweltfaktor - Vor- und Frühgeschichte

Page: 550

View: 8393

Posted in Kontinent - Gesellschaft - Entwicklung - Umweltfaktor - Vor- und Frühgeschichte