Network Analysis in Archaeology

New Approaches to Regional Interaction

Author: Carl Knappett

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199697094

Category: History

Page: 350

View: 9368

Outgrowth of a session organized for the 75th Anniversary Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology held in St. Louis, Mo., in 2010. Cf. acknowledgments.
Posted in History

Transfer of Buddhism Across Central Asian Networks (7th to 13th Centuries)

Author: N.A

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004307435

Category: Religion

Page: 352

View: 7353

Transfer of Buddhism across Central Asian Networks (7th to 13th Centuries), ed. Carmen Meinert, offers a transregional and transcultural vision for religious transfer processes in Central Asian history. It explores Buddhist localisations in the Tarim basin, the Transhimalaya and Tibet.
Posted in Religion

Social Networks and Regional Identity in Bronze Age Italy

Author: Emma Blake

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316062538

Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

View: 6365

This book takes an innovative approach to detecting regional groupings in peninsular Italy during the Late Bronze Age, a notoriously murky period of Italian prehistory. Applying social network analysis to the distributions of imports and other distinctive objects, Emma Blake reveals previously unrecognized exchange networks that are in some cases the precursors of the named peoples of the first millennium BC: the Etruscans, the Veneti, and others. In a series of regional case studies, she uses quantitative methods to both reconstruct and analyze the character of these early networks and posits that, through path dependence, the initial structure of the networks played a role in the success or failure of the groups occupying those same regions in later times. This book thus bridges the divide between Italian prehistory and the Classical period, and demonstrates that Italy's regionalism began far earlier than previously thought.
Posted in Social Science

The Connected Past

Challenges to Network Studies in Archaeology and History

Author: Tom Brughmans,Anna Collar,Fiona Coward

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0191065382

Category: Social Science

Page: 240

View: 3570

One of the most exciting recent developments in archaeology and history has been the adoption of new perspectives which see human societies in the past—as in the present—as made up of networks of interlinked individuals. This view of people as always connected through physical and conceptual networks along which resources, information, and disease flow, requires archaeologists and historians to use new methods to understand how these networks form, function, and change over time. The Connected Past provides a constructive methodological and theoretical critique of the growth in research applying network perspectives in archaeology and history, and considers the unique challenges presented by datasets in these disciplines, including the fragmentary and material nature of such data and the functioning and change of social processes over long timespans. An international and multidisciplinary range of scholars debate both the rationale and practicalities of applying network methodologies, addressing the merits and drawbacks of specific techniques of analysis for a range of datasets and research questions, and demonstrating their approaches with concrete case studies and detailed illustrations. As well as revealing the valuable contributions archaeologists and historians can make to network science, the volume represents a crucial step towards the development of best practice in the field, especially in exploring the interactions between social and material elements of networks, and long-term network evolution.
Posted in Social Science

Social Networks and Regional Identity in Bronze Age Italy

Author: Emma Blake

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107063205

Category: History

Page: 330

View: 8166

This innovative book uses social network analysis to trace the origins of pre-Roman Italian peoples from their earliest exchange networks.
Posted in History

Greek and Roman Networks in the Mediterranean

Author: Irad Malkin,Christy Constantakopoulou,Katerina Panagopoulou

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317991141

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 322

View: 7684

How useful is the concept of "network" for historical studies and the ancient world in particular? Using theoretical models of social network analysis, this book illuminates aspects of the economic, social, religious, and political history of the ancient Greek and Roman worlds. Bringing together some of the most active and prominent researchers in ancient history, this book moves beyond political institutions, ethnic, and geographical boundaries in order to observe the ancient Mediterranean through a perspective of network interaction. It employs a wide range of approaches, and to examine relationships and interactions among various social entities in the Mediterranean. Chronologically, the book extends from the early Iron Age to the late Antique world, covering the Mediterranean between Antioch in the east to Massalia (Marseilles) in the west. This book was published as two special issues in Mediterranean Historical Review.
Posted in Business & Economics

Action Research in Policy Analysis

Critical and Relational Approaches to Sustainability Transitions

Author: Koen P.R. Bartels,Julia M. Wittmayer

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351372637

Category: Political Science

Page: 266

View: 3661

Today’s pressing political, social, economic, and environmental crises urgently ask for effective policy responses and fundamental transitions towards sustainability supported by a sound knowledge base and developed in collaboration between all stakeholders. This book explores how action research forms a valuable methodology for producing such collaborative knowledge and action. It outlines the recent uptake of action research in policy analysis and transition research and develops a distinct and novel approach that is both critical and relational. By sharing action research experiences in a variety of settings, the book seeks to explicate ambitions, challenges, and practices involved with fostering policy changes and sustainability transitions. As such it provides crucial guidance and encouragement for future action research in policy analysis and transition research. This text will be of key interest to scholars and students of policy analysis and transition research and more broadly to public administration and policy, urban and regional studies, political science, research and innovation, sustainability science, and science and technology studies. It will also speak to practitioners, policymakers and philanthropic funders aiming to engage in or fund action research.
Posted in Political Science

Connected Communities

Networks, Identity, and Social Change in the Ancient Cibola World

Author: Matthew A. Peeples

Publisher: University of Arizona Press

ISBN: 081653568X

Category: History

Page: 291

View: 4386

The Cibola region on the Arizona–New Mexico border has fascinated archaeologists for more than a century. The region’s core is recognized as the ancestral homeland of the contemporary Zuni people, and the area also spans boundaries between the Ancestral Puebloan and Mogollon culture areas. The complexity of cross-cutting regional and cultural designations makes this an ideal context within which to explore the relationship between identity and social change at broad regional scales. In Connected Communities, Matthew A. Peeples examines a period of dramatic social and political transformation in the ancient Cibola region (ca. A.D. 1150–1325). He analyzes archaeological data generated during a century of research through the lens of new and original social theories and methods focused on exploring identity, social networks, and social transformation. In so doing, he demonstrates the value of comparative, synthetic analysis. The book addresses some of the oldest enduring questions in archaeology: How do large-scale social identities form? How do they change? How can we study such processes using material remains? Peeples approaches these questions using a new set of methods and models from the broader comparative social sciences (relational sociology and social networks) to track the trajectories of social groups in terms of both networks of interactions (relations) and expressions of similarity or difference (categories). He argues that archaeological research has too often conflated these different kinds of social identity and that this has hindered efforts to understand the drivers of social change. In his strikingly original approach, Peeples combines massive amounts of new data and comparative explorations of contemporary social movements to provide new insights into how social identities formed and changed during this key period.
Posted in History

Maritime Networks in the Mycenaean World

Author: Thomas F. Tartaron

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107002982

Category: Art

Page: 341

View: 4520

In this book, Thomas F. Tartaron presents a new and original reassessment of the maritime world of the Mycenaean Greeks of the Late Bronze Age. By all accounts a seafaring people, they enjoyed maritime connections with peoples as distant as Egypt and Sicily. These long-distance relations have been celebrated and much studied; by contrast, the vibrant worlds of local maritime interaction and exploitation of the sea have been virtually ignored. Dr. Tartaron argues that local maritime networks, in the form of "coastscapes" and "small worlds," are far more representative of the true fabric of Mycenaean life. He offers a complete template of conceptual and methodological tools for recovering small worlds and the communities that inhabited them. Combining archaeological, geoarchaeological, and anthropological approaches with ancient texts and network theory, he demonstrates the application of this scheme in several case studies. This book presents new perspectives and challenges for all archaeologists with interests in maritime connectivity.
Posted in Art

Agency Without Actors?

New Approaches to Collective Action

Author: Jan-Hendrik Passoth,Birgit Peuker,Michael Schillmeier

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136851267

Category: PHILOSOPHY

Page: 240

View: 5859

"Agency without Actors? New Approaches to collective Action is rethinking a key issue in social theory and research: the question of agency. The history of sociological thought is deeply intertwined with the discourse of human agency as an effect of social relations. In most recent discussions the role of non-humans gains a substantial impact. Consequently the book asks: Are nonhumans active, do they have agency? And if so: how and in what different ways? The volume offers a critical state-of-the-art debate of internationally and nationally leading scholars within Sociology, Social Anthropology and STS on agency (Latour, Law, Michael, Rammert etc.). It fosters the productive exchange of empirical settings and theoretical views by outlining a wide range of novel accounts that link human and non-human agency. It tries to understand social-technical, political and environmental networks as different forms of agency that produce discrete and identifiable entities like humans, animals, technical artifacts. It also asks how different types of (often conflicting) agency and agents actors are distinguished in practice, how they are maintained and how they interfere with each other"--
Posted in PHILOSOPHY

Communities, Landscapes, and Interaction in Neolithic Greece

Author: Apostolos Sarris,Evita Kalogiropoulou,Tuna Kalayci,Evagelia Karimali

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 1789201462

Category: Social Science

Page: 512

View: 5129

The last three decades have witnessed a period of growing archaeological activity in Greece that have enhanced our awareness of the diversity and variability of ancient communities. New sites offer rich datasets from many aspects of material culture that challenge traditional perceptions and suggest complex interpretations of the past. This volume provides a synthetic overview of recent developments in the study of Neolithic Greece and reconsiders the dynamics of human-environment interactions while recording the growing diversity in layers of social organization. It fills an essential lacuna in contemporary literature and enhances our understanding of the Neolithic communities in the Greek Peninsula.
Posted in Social Science

The Routledge Companion to Embodied Music Interaction

Author: Micheline Lesaffre,Pieter-Jan Maes,Marc Leman

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317219724

Category: Music

Page: 456

View: 3412

The Routledge Companion to Embodied Music Interaction captures a new paradigm in the study of music interaction, as a wave of recent research focuses on the role of the human body in musical experiences. This volume brings together a broad collection of work that explores all aspects of this new approach to understanding how we interact with music, addressing the issues that have roused the curiosities of scientists for ages: to understand the complex and multi-faceted way in which music manifests itself not just as sound but also as a variety of cultural styles, not just as experience but also as awareness of that experience. With contributions from an interdisciplinary and international array of scholars, including both empirical and theoretical perspectives, the Companion explores an equally impressive array of topics, including: Dynamical music interaction theories and concepts Expressive gestural interaction Social music interaction Sociological and anthropological approaches Empowering health and well-being Modeling music interaction Music-based interaction technologies and applications This book is a vital resource for anyone seeking to understand human interaction with music from an embodied perspective.
Posted in Music

Space and Spatial Analysis in Archaeology

Author: University of Calgary. Archaeological Association. Conference,Elizabeth C. Robertson

Publisher: UNM Press

ISBN: 9780826340221

Category: Social Science

Page: 406

View: 3112

The archaeology of space and place is examined in this selection of papers from the 34th annual Chacmool Archaeological Conference.
Posted in Social Science

The Oxford Handbook of Public Policy

Author: Michael Moran,Martin Rein,Robert E. Goodin

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199548455

Category: Political Science

Page: 1000

View: 3131

This is part of a ten volume set of reference books offering authoritative and engaging critical overviews of the state of political science. This work explores the business end of politics, where theory meets practice in the pursuit of public good.
Posted in Political Science

Qualitative Networks

Mixed Methods in Sociological Research

Author: Elisa Bellotti

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136868364

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 7767

How do we interact with people in our everyday life? Who are the people we are connected to? What are the consequences of overlapping social circles and how people deal with the potential emerging conflicts? What are the structural and cultural mechanisms that regulate social worlds? Network science is a scientific approach to the study of network dependencies and associations which tries to answer these and many other questions. This book explores the underlying mechanisms that regulate social life as they are produced, reproduced, modified, and abandoned in the spatial and temporal patterns of interactions. The mixed methods approach, that combines formal network analysis with qualitative materials and statistical tools, shows the importance of contextualising structural mechanisms in their social and cultural environment, and allows overcoming the traditional methodological boundaries that shape the field of social sciences.
Posted in Social Science

Mycenaean Greece and the Aegean World

Palace and Province in the Late Bronze Age

Author: Margaretha Kramer-Hajos

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 131679072X

Category: Social Science

Page: 218

View: 4312

In this book, Kramer-Hajos examines the Euboean Gulf region in Central Greece to explain its flourishing during the post-palatial period. Providing a social and political history of the region in the Late Bronze Age, she focuses on the interactions between this 'provincial' coastal area and the core areas where the Mycenaean palaces were located. Drawing on network and agency theory, two current and highly effective methodologies in prehistoric Mediterranean archaeology, Kramer-Hajos argues that the Euboean Gulf region thrived when it was part of a decentralized coastal and maritime network, and declined when it was incorporated in a highly centralized mainland-looking network. Her research and analysis contributes new insights to our understanding of the mechanics and complexity of the Bronze Age Aegean collapse.
Posted in Social Science

Minoan Architecture and Urbanism

New Perspectives on an Ancient Built Environment

Author: Quentin Letesson,Carl Knappett

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198793626

Category: Architecture

Page: 416

View: 3846

Minoan Crete is rightly famous for its idiosyncratic architecture, as well as its palaces and towns such as Knossos, Malia, Gournia, and Palaikastro. Indeed, these are often described as the first urban settlements of Bronze Age Europe. However, we still know relatively little about the dynamics of these early urban centres. How did they work? What role did the palaces have in their towns, and the towns in their landscapes? It might seem that with such richly documented architectural remains these questions would have been answered long ago. Yet, analysis has mostly found itself confined to building materials and techniques, basic formal descriptions, and functional evaluations. Critical evaluation of these data as constituting a dynamic built environment has thus been slow in coming. This volume aims to provide a first step in this direction. It brings together international scholars whose research focuses on Minoan architecture and urbanism as well as on theory and methods in spatial analyses. By combining methodological contributions with detailed case studies across the different scales of buildings, settlements and regions, the volume proposes a new analytical and interpretive framework for addressing the complex dynamics of the Minoan built environment.
Posted in Architecture

Regional Approaches to Mortuary Analysis

Author: Lane Anderson Beck

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1489913106

Category: Social Science

Page: 280

View: 3701

In this volume, archaeologists offer a new direction for burial research by expanding the models for mortuary analysis from a site-specific to a regional level. Contributors explore how regional mortuary approaches allow the introduction of new questions about peer polity interactions and regional alliances-extending traditional settlement system and exchange analyses. This volume features case studies examining mortuary sites as components of the archaeological landscape.
Posted in Social Science

Innovation in City Governments

Structures, Networks, and Leadership

Author: Jenny Lewis,Lykke Margot Ricard,Erik Hans Klijn,Tamyko Ysa Figueras

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317375459

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 206

View: 5502

Jenny Lewis is Professor of Public Policy at the University of Melbourne, Australia Lykke Ricard is Assistant Professor at The Department of Society and Globalisation, Democratic Network Governance, Roskilde University, Denmark Erik-Hans Klijn is Professor at the School of Social Sciences, Erasmus, University, The Netherlands Tamyko Ysa Figueras is Associate Professor, Department of Strategy and General Management in ESADE Business School, Spain
Posted in Business & Economics

Probabilistic Foundations of Statistical Network Analysis

Author: Harry Crane

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351807331

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 236

View: 6425

Probabilistic Foundations of Statistical Network Analysis presents a fresh and insightful perspective on the fundamental tenets and major challenges of modern network analysis. Its lucid exposition provides necessary background for understanding the essential ideas behind exchangeable and dynamic network models, network sampling, and network statistics such as sparsity and power law, all of which play a central role in contemporary data science and machine learning applications. The book rewards readers with a clear and intuitive understanding of the subtle interplay between basic principles of statistical inference, empirical properties of network data, and technical concepts from probability theory. Its mathematically rigorous, yet non-technical, exposition makes the book accessible to professional data scientists, statisticians, and computer scientists as well as practitioners and researchers in substantive fields. Newcomers and non-quantitative researchers will find its conceptual approach invaluable for developing intuition about technical ideas from statistics and probability, while experts and graduate students will find the book a handy reference for a wide range of new topics, including edge exchangeability, relative exchangeability, graphon and graphex models, and graph-valued Levy process and rewiring models for dynamic networks. The author’s incisive commentary supplements these core concepts, challenging the reader to push beyond the current limitations of this emerging discipline. With an approachable exposition and more than 50 open research problems and exercises with solutions, this book is ideal for advanced undergraduate and graduate students interested in modern network analysis, data science, machine learning, and statistics. Harry Crane is Associate Professor and Co-Director of the Graduate Program in Statistics and Biostatistics and an Associate Member of the Graduate Faculty in Philosophy at Rutgers University. Professor Crane’s research interests cover a range of mathematical and applied topics in network science, probability theory, statistical inference, and mathematical logic. In addition to his technical work on edge and relational exchangeability, relative exchangeability, and graph-valued Markov processes, Prof. Crane’s methods have been applied to domain-specific cybersecurity and counterterrorism problems at the Foreign Policy Research Institute and RAND’s Project AIR FORCE. ? ? ? ? ? ?
Posted in Business & Economics