Outgrowth of a session organized for the 75th Anniversary Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology held in St. Louis, Mo., in 2010. Cf. acknowledgments.
New Approaches to Regional Interaction
Author: Carl Knappett
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Soziale Beziehungen und die daraus entstehenden Netzwerke sind eine Konstante der Menschheitsgeschichte, die sozialen wie auch politischen Wandel ermöglicht. So ist der »Arabische Frühling« ohne die Berücksichtigung von Zusammenschlüssen sozialer Einheiten nicht vorstellbar. Die relationale Wissenschaft legt ihren Fokus auf solche Beziehungsstrukturen. »Knoten und Kanten III« zeigt theoretische und methodische Zugänge der Netzwerkanalyse in politischen sowie in historischen Forschungsfeldern. Die Beiträge beleuchten beispielsweise Anwendungen in der Altertumsforschung, neuzeitliche Gläubiger- und Schuldner-Beziehungen, Unterstützungsnetzwerke von Juden im Dritten Reich sowie interne Vernetzungen von Parteien und Koalitionen.
Soziale Netzwerkanalyse in Geschichts- und Politikforschung
Author: Markus Gamper,Linda Reschke,Marten Düring
Publisher: transcript Verlag
Category: Social Science
Interaction and mobility have attracted much interest in research within scholarly fields as different as archaeology, history, and more broadly the humanities. Critically assessing some of the most widespread views on interaction and its social impact, this book proposes an innovative perspective which combines radical social theory and currently burgeoning network methodologies. Through an in-depth analysis of a wealth of data often difficult to access, and illustrated by many diagrams and maps, the book highlights connections and their social implications at different scales ranging from the individual settlement to the Mediterranean. The resulting diachronic narrative explores social and economic trajectories over some seven centuries and sheds new light on the broad historical trends affecting the life of people living around the Middle Sea. The Bronze Age is the first period of intense interaction between early state societies of the Eastern Mediterranean and the small-scale communities to the west of Greece, with people and goods moving at a scale previously unprecedented. This encounter is explored from the vantage point of one of its main foci: Apulia, located in the southern Adriatic, at the junction between East and West and the entryway of one of the major routes for the resource-rich European continent.
People, Things and Networks around the Southern Adriatic Sea
Author: Francesco Iacono
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
Category: Social Science
The set of case studies presented in this volume emphasize the significance of new research in South Asia within the broader universe of archaeological scholarship.
New Approaches to the Archaeology of South Asia
Author: Shinu Anna Abraham,Praveena Gullapalli,Teresa P Raczek,Uzma Z Rizvi
Publisher: Left Coast Press
Author: Colin Renfrew
Category: Anthropology, Prehistoric
In allen wissenschaftlichen Disziplinen und insbesondere in den Geschichts- und Sozialwissenschaften bilden „Prozesse“ eine zentrale Kategorie. Die Beschreibung und Erklärung von Prozessen ob auf der Mikro-, der Meso- oder der Makroebene gehört zu den zentralen Anliegen wissenschaftlicher Forschung. Doch trotz ihrer Universalität wird die Kategorie selbst nur selten analysiert. Was sind denn eigentlich Prozesse? Was beobachtet man mit Hilfe dieser Kategorie? Wie kann man sie konzeptualisieren, beschreiben und erklären? Welche Formen kann man unterscheiden? Mit diesen Fragen befassen sich die von Historikern und Soziologen, Philosophen und Ökonomen verfassten Beiträge und liefern damit einen aktuellen, interdisziplinären Überblick.
Formen, Dynamiken, Erklärungen
Author: Rainer Schützeichel,Stefan Jordan
Category: Social Science
Prehistoric Europe: Theory and Practice provides a comprehensive introduction to the range of critical contemporary thinking in the study of European prehistory. Presents essays by some of the most dynamic researchers and leading European scholars in the field today Ranges from the Neolithic period to the early stages of the Iron Age, and from Ireland and Scandinavia to the Urals and the Iberian Peninsula
Theory and Practice
Author: Andrew Jones
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
This 2005 book presents a significant interpretation of the social transformation in Bronze Age Europe.
Travels, Transmissions and Transformations
Author: Kristian Kristiansen,Thomas B. Larsson
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Category: Social Science
Minoan Crete is rightly famous for its idiosyncratic architecture, as well as its palaces and towns such as Knossos, Malia, Gournia, and Palaikastro. Indeed, these are often described as the first urban settlements of Bronze Age Europe. However, we still know relatively little about the dynamics of these early urban centres. How did they work? What role did the palaces have in their towns, and the towns in their landscapes? It might seem that with such richly documented architectural remains these questions would have been answered long ago. Yet, analysis has mostly found itself confined to building materials and techniques, basic formal descriptions, and functional evaluations. Critical evaluation of these data as constituting a dynamic built environment has thus been slow in coming. This volume aims to provide a first step in this direction. It brings together international scholars whose research focuses on Minoan architecture and urbanism as well as on theory and methods in spatial analyses. By combining methodological contributions with detailed case studies across the different scales of buildings, settlements and regions, the volume proposes a new analytical and interpretive framework for addressing the complex dynamics of the Minoan built environment.
New Perspectives on an Ancient Built Environment
Author: Quentin Letesson,Carl Knappett
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Mitte 2. Jh. v. Chr.-Mitte 2. Jh. n. Chr
Author: Carsten Meyer-Schlichtmann,Deutsches Archäologisches Institut
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
James River Chiefdoms explores puzzling discrepancies between the ethnohistoric and archaeological records of the Powhatan and Monacan societies Jamestown colonists met in 1607. The colonists described the coastal Powhatans and the Monacans of the James River interior in terms that evoke the anthropological notion of a chiefdom, but the Chesapeake region?s archaeological record lacks elements typically associated with complex polities.øIn an effort to account for these apparent incongruities, Martin D. Gallivan synthesizes ethnohistoric accounts with the archaeology of thirty-five Native settlements dating from A.D. 1?1610 to identify and illuminate social changes largely undetected by previous research. A comparative, quantitative analysis of residential archaeology in the James River Valley highlights a rearrangement of daily practices within Native villages between 1200 and 1500. James River villagers reorganized their domestic production, settlements, and regional interactions to create new funds of power within social settings perched between communally oriented cultural practices and exclusionary political strategies. During the early-seventeenth-century colonial encounter, Native leaders were thus positioned to employ strategies that, for a time, eclipsed communal decision-making structures in the Chesapeake.øJames River Chiefdoms presents a novel perspective on an important chapter in the history of Native peoples in eastern North America and on early colonial America. It offers an innovative interpretive approach to Native American culture history and the emergence of hierarchical political organizations in the Americas.
The Rise of Social Inequality in the Chesapeake
Author: Martin D. Gallivan
Publisher: U of Nebraska Press
Category: Business & Economics
Any overview of prehispanic society in the Americas would identify its obsidian core-blade production as a unique and highly inventive technology. Normally termed prismatic blades, these long, parallel-sided flakes are among the sharpest cutting tools ever produced by humans. Their standardized form permitted interchangeable use, and such blades became the cutting tool of choice throughout Mesoamerica between 600-800 B.C. Because considerable production skill is required, increased demand may have stimulated the appearance of craft specialists who played an integral role in Mesoamerican society. Some investigators have argued that control over obsidian also had a significant effect on the development and organization of chiefdom and state-level societies. While researchers have long recognized the potential of obsidian studies, recent work has focused primarily on compositional analysis to reconstruct trade and distribution networks. Study of blade production has received much less attention, and many aspects of this highly evolved craft are still lost. This volume seeks to identify current research questions in Mesoamerican lithic technology and to demonstrate that replication studies coupled with experimental research design are valuable analytical approaches to such questions.
Experimentation and Interpretation
Author: Kenn Hirth
Across the Corrupting Sea: Post-Braudelian Approaches to the Ancient Eastern Mediterranean reframes current discussions of the Mediterranean world by rereading the past with new methodological approaches. The work asks readers to consider how future studies might write histories of the Mediterranean, moving from the larger pan-Mediterranean approaches of The Corrupting Sea towards locally-oriented case studies. Spanning from the Archaic period to the early Middle Ages, contributors engage the pioneering studies of the Mediterranean by Fernand Braudel through the use of critical theory, GIS network analysis, and postcolonial cultural inquiries. Scholars from several time periods and disciplines rethink the Mediterranean as a geographic and cultural space shaped by human connectivity and follow the flow of ideas, ships, trade goods and pilgrims along the roads and seascapes that connected the Mediterranean across time and space. The volume thus interrogates key concepts like cabotage, seascapes, deep time, social networks, and connectivity in the light of contemporary archaeological and theoretical advances in order to create new ways of writing more diverse histories of the ancient world that bring together local contexts, literary materials, and archaeological analysis.
Post-Braudelian Approaches to the Ancient Eastern Mediterranean
Author: Cavan Concannon,Lindsey A. Mazurek
In Jared Diamond’s follow-up to the Pulitzer-Prize winning Guns, Germs and Steel, the author explores how climate change, the population explosion and political discord create the conditions for the collapse of civilization Environmental damage, climate change, globalization, rapid population growth, and unwise political choices were all factors in the demise of societies around the world, but some found solutions and persisted. As in Guns, Germs, and Steel, Diamond traces the fundamental pattern of catastrophe, and weaves an all-encompassing global thesis through a series of fascinating historical-cultural narratives. Collapse moves from the Polynesian cultures on Easter Island to the flourishing American civilizations of the Anasazi and the Maya and finally to the doomed Viking colony on Greenland. Similar problems face us today and have already brought disaster to Rwanda and Haiti, even as China and Australia are trying to cope in innovative ways. Despite our own society’s apparently inexhaustible wealth and unrivaled political power, ominous warning signs have begun to emerge even in ecologically robust areas like Montana. Brilliant, illuminating, and immensely absorbing, Collapse is destined to take its place as one of the essential books of our time, raising the urgent question: How can our world best avoid committing ecological suicide? From the Trade Paperback edition.
How Societies Choose to Fail or Succeed: Revised Edition
Author: Jared Diamond
Author: Lawrence W. Fritz,James R. Lucas
Category: English imprints
The famous 'Silk Roads' have long evoked a romantic picture of travel through colourful civilizations, but how far back can we trace these trade-networks?
Trans-regional Routes and Material Flows in the Transcaucasia, Eastern Anatolia and Western Central Asia, C.3000-1500BC
Author: Toby C. Wilkinson