Nations Matter

Culture, History and the Cosmopolitan Dream

Author: Craig Calhoun

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113412757X

Category: Political Science

Page: 248

View: 5850

Craig Calhoun, one of the most respected social scientists in the world, re-examines nationalism in light of post-1989 enthusiasm for globalization and the new anxieties of the twenty-first century. Nations Matter argues that pursuing a purely postnational politics is premature at best and possibly dangerous. Calhoun argues that, rather than wishing nationalism away, it is important to transform it. One key is to distinguish the ideology of nationalism as fixed and inherited identity from the development of public projects that continually remake the terms of national integration. Standard concepts like 'civic' vs. 'ethnic' nationalism can get in the way unless they are critically re-examined – as an important chapter in this book does. This book is essential reading for undergraduate and postgraduate students of sociology, history, political theory and all subjects concerned with nationalism, globalization, and cosmopolitanism.
Posted in Political Science

Religion und Öffentlichkeit

Author: Eduardo Mendieta,Jonathan VanAntwerpen

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518763407

Category: Philosophy

Page: 180

View: 6570

Lange Zeit hatte es den Anschein, als sei die Säkularisierung, also die schwindende Bedeutung des Religiösen, ein ebenso stabiler gesellschaftlicher Trend wie die Individualisierung und die Globalisierung. Doch spätestens seit dem 11. September erleben wir eine Renaissance der Religionen: Die Debatten um Kruzifixe in Schulen, die mediale Hysterie nach der Wahl Papst Benedikts XVI. und den Islam in Europa zwingen uns nun, die Bedeutung von Begriffen wie religiös und säkular und die öffentliche Rolle der Religion zu überdenken. Zu diesem Zweck fand im Oktober 2009 in New York eine Art Gipfeltreffen der Philosophie statt, an dem mit Judith Butler, Craig Calhoun, Jürgen Habermas, Charles Taylor und Cornel West fünf der wichtigsten Denkerinnen und Denker der Gegenwart teilnahmen. Dieser Band dokumentiert die Beiträge des Symposiums sowie die anschließende Diskussion.
Posted in Philosophy

Weltbürgertum und Nationalstaat

Author: N.A

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3486819569

Category: History

Page: 514

View: 5859

Im Auftrag des Friedrich-Meinecke-Instituts der Freien Universität Berlin herausgegeben von Hans Herzfeld und Walther Hofer (Band 1-9). Für Band 10 herausgegeben von Gisela Bock, Jürgen Kocka und Gerhard A. Ritter.
Posted in History

Kompass

Roman

Author: Mathias Enard

Publisher: Hanser Berlin

ISBN: 3446254269

Category: Fiction

Page: 480

View: 6057

"Kompass" ist das Buch der Stunde: eine leidenschaftliche Beschwörung der jahrhundertelangen Passion des Westens für die orientalische Kultur. Unter dem Schock einer alarmierenden medizinischen Diagnose verbringt Franz Ritter, Musikwissenschaftler in Wien, eine schlaflose Nacht. Er begibt sich im Geiste noch einmal an die Orte seiner Forschungsreisen: Istanbul, Damaskus, Aleppo, Palmyra – alles Städte, die für ihn untrennbar mit Sarah verbunden sind, der berühmten Orientalistin, seiner großen Liebe. Seine Erinnerung zaubert immer mehr Fakten, Romanzen und Geschichten hervor, die alle von dem entscheidenden Beitrag des Orients zur westlichen Kultur und Identität zeugen. Für diesen Roman erhielt Mathias Enard in Frankreich 2015 den Prix Goncourt.
Posted in Fiction

The Wiley-Blackwell Companion to Political Sociology

Author: Edwin Amenta,Kate Nash,Alan Scott

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444355074

Category: Social Science

Page: 576

View: 2486

The Wiley-Blackwell Companion to Political Sociology is a complete reference guide, reflecting the scope and quality of the discipline, and highlighting emerging topics in the field. Global in focus, offering up-to-date topics from an interdisciplinary, international set of scholars addressing key issues concerning globalization, social movements, and citizenship The majority of chapters are new, including those on environmental politics, international terrorism, security, corruption, and human rights Revises and updates all previously published chapters to include new themes and topics in political sociology Provides an overview of scholarship in the field, with chapters working independently and collectively to examine the full range of contributions to political sociology Offers a challenging yet accessible and complete reference guide for students and scholars
Posted in Social Science

Daisaku Ikeda, Language and Education

Author: Jason Goulah

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134914857

Category: Education

Page: 176

View: 7683

Daisaku Ikeda (b. 1928) is an international Buddhist leader, peacebuilder, prolific author, and the founder of the secular Soka kindergartens, elementary and secondary schools, women’s college and universities in seven countries across Asia and the Americas. He has emerged as an important educational philosopher and practitioner whose perspectives on dialogue, value-creation (soka), global citizenship, and the deep inner transformation he calls "human revolution" have informed the curriculum and instruction of thousands of teachers not only at the Soka schools, but also at numerous non-Soka schools and universities around the world. This volume brings together, for the first time in English, international scholars’ empirical and theoretical analyses of Ikeda’s contributions to language and education in a global context. This book was awarded the Critics Choice Book Award by the American Educational Studies Association in 2015. This book was originally published as a special issue of Critical Inquiry in Language Studies.
Posted in Education

Die Fünf

Author: Vladimir Jabotinsky

Publisher: Aufbau Verlag

ISBN: 3847753363

Category: Fiction

Page: 267

View: 3304

Ein Gesellschaftsroman über den Untergang des bürgerlich-jüdischen Odessa zu Beginn des 20. Jahrhunderts. Eine Wiederentdeckung – Die »Buddenbrooks« am Schwarzen Meer*Im Jahr 1935 unternimmt Vladimir Jabotinsky, streitbarer Mitbegründer der zionistischen Bewegung und brillanter Feuilletonist, eine imaginär-romanhafte Reise in das alte Odessa, in dem er 1880 geboren wurde, seine Kindheit und jungen Jahre verbrachte.*Die Fünf: eine elegische Erinnerung an eine vergehende Welt, verkörpert in den fünf Geschwistern der Familie Milgrom, die in den politisch-kulturellen Wirren ihrer Zeit, zwischen revolutionärer Gewalt und Assimilation, heranwachsen.*Das damalige Odessa ist noch eine kosmopolitisch tolerante Stadt am Schwarzen Meer, ein Vielvölkergemisch, in dem das Ukrainische und das Russische, das Jüdische und das Deutsche, das Armenische und das Griechische nebeneinander existieren. Durchdrungen vom Parfüm dieser sinnlichen, vitalen und polyglotten Prosa, begegnet uns in Vladimir Jabotinskys Roman vom Verfall einer Familie ein intimes Odessa mit seinen Plätzen, Straßen und Cafés – ein theatralisches, tragisches Menschenschauspiel. Es sind die letzten Tage von Odessa.
Posted in Fiction

Visions of Zion

Ethiopians and Rastafari in the Search for the Promised Land

Author: Erin C. MacLeod

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 1479880752

Category: Religion

Page: 288

View: 4716

In reggae song after reggae song Bob Marley and other reggae singers speak of the Promised Land of Ethiopia. “Repatriation is a must!” they cry. The Rastafari have been travelling to Ethiopia since the movement originated in Jamaica in 1930s. They consider it the Promised Land, and repatriation is a cornerstone of their faith. Though Ethiopians see Rastafari as immigrants, the Rastafari see themselves as returning members of the Ethiopian diaspora. In Visions of Zion, Erin C. MacLeod offers the first in-depth investigation into how Ethiopians perceive Rastafari and Rastafarians within Ethiopia and the role this unique immigrant community plays within Ethiopian society. Rastafari are unusual among migrants, basing their movements on spiritual rather than economic choices. This volume offers those who study the movement a broader understanding of the implications of repatriation. Taking the Ethiopian perspective into account, it argues that migrant and diaspora identities are the products of negotiation, and it illuminates the implications of this negotiation for concepts of citizenship, as well as for our understandings of pan-Africanism and south-south migration. Providing a rare look at migration to a non-Western country, this volume also fills a gap in the broader immigration studies literature.
Posted in Religion

Minority Nations in the Age of Uncertainty

New Paths to National Emancipation and Empowerment

Author: Alain-G. Gagnon

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442621265

Category: Political Science

Page: 176

View: 8382

For thirty years, Alain-G. Gagnon has been one of the world’s leading experts on federalism and multinational democracies. In Minority Nations in the Age of Uncertainty, he presents an articulate and accessible introduction to the ways in which minority nations have begun to empower themselves in a global environment that is increasingly hostile to national minorities. Comparing conditions in Quebec, Catalonia, and Scotland, Gagnon offers six interrelated essays on national minorities, processes of accommodation, and autonomy and self-determination within a modern democratic context. Based on a long career of scholarly study and public engagement, he argues that self-determination for these “nations without states” is best achieved through intercultural engagement and negotiation within the federal system, rather than through independence movements. Already translated into fifteen languages from the original French, Minority Nations in the Age of Uncertainty is an essential text on the theory of multinational federalism and the politics of minority nations.This edition also features a foreword by noted political scientist and philosopher James Tully that discusses the significance of Gagnon's work.
Posted in Political Science

After Pluralism

Reimagining Religious Engagement

Author: Courtney Bender,Pamela E. Klassen

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231527268

Category: Religion

Page: 416

View: 5851

The contributors to this volume treat pluralism as a concept that is historically and ideologically produced or, put another way, as a doctrine that is embedded within a range of political, civic, and cultural institutions. Their critique considers how religious difference is framed as a problem that only pluralism can solve. Working comparatively across nations and disciplines, the essays in After Pluralism explore pluralism as a "term of art" that sets the norms of identity and the parameters of exchange, encounter, and conflict. Contributors locate pluralism's ideals in diverse sites Broadway plays, Polish Holocaust memorials, Egyptian dream interpretations, German jails, and legal theories and demonstrate its shaping of political and social interaction in surprising and powerful ways. Throughout, they question assumptions underlying pluralism's discourse and its influence on the legal decisions that shape modern religious practice. Contributors do more than deconstruct this theory; they tackle what comes next. Having established the genealogy and effects of pluralism, they generate new questions for engaging the collective worlds and multiple registers in which religion operates.
Posted in Religion

European Cosmopolitanism in Question

Author: Roland Robertson,Anne Sophie Krossa

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

ISBN: 0230302629

Category: Political Science

Page: 204

View: 7275

Cosmopolitanism is currently one of the most prominent topics in the social sciences and humanities, and a key concept for understanding globalization. This collection of essays, featuring a line-up of leading international scholars, argues that most work on cosmopolitanism uses a normative model, rather than fully interrogating the issue empirically, comparatively and globally. Thisambitious and ground-breakingcollectionwill push the boundaries of the debate on cosmopolitanism into new areas, opening up new lines of inquiry and analysis that will have an impact on the study of globalization and global process for years to come.
Posted in Political Science

Exit West

Roman

Author: Mohsin Hamid

Publisher: Dumont Buchverlag

ISBN: 3832189645

Category: Fiction

Page: 224

View: 3899

In einer Welt, die aus den Fugen geraten ist, in einem muslimisch geprägten Land, das am Rande eines Bürgerkriegs steht, in einer Stadt, die namenlos bleibt, lernen sie sich kennen: Nadia und Saeed. Sie hat mit ihrer Familie gebrochen, fährt Motorrad, lebt säkular und trägt ihr dunkles Gewand nur als Schutz vor den Zudringlichkeiten fremder Männer. Er wohnt noch bei seinen Eltern, ist eher schüchtern und nimmt die Ausübung seiner Religion sehr ernst. Doch während die Stadt um sie herum in Flammen aufgeht, sich Anschläge häufen und die Sicherheitslage immer prekärer wird, finden die beiden zusammen. Sie wollen eine gemeinsame Zukunft, in Freiheit. Und da sind diese Gerüchte über Türen, die diejenigen, die sie passieren, an ferne Orte bringen können. Doch den Weg durch diese Türen muss man sich mit viel Geld erkaufen. Als die Gewalt weiter eskaliert, entscheiden sich Nadia und Saeed, diesen Schritt zu gehen. Sie lassen ihr Land und ihr altes Leben zurück ... ›Exit West‹ ist ein überaus berührender Roman, der sich mit den zentralen Themen unserer Zeit beschäftigt: Flucht und Migration. Mohsin Hamid beweist, dass Literatur poetisch und zugleich politisch sein kann. Mit diesem »fesselnden Roman« (New York Times) steht Mohsin Hamid auf der Longlist des diesjährigen Man Booker Preises.
Posted in Fiction

The Parthenon Enigma

A Journey Into Legend

Author: Joan Breton Connelly

Publisher: Head of Zeus

ISBN: 1781859426

Category: History

Page: 512

View: 6907

A radical new interpretation of the meaning and purposes of one of the world's most iconic buildings. For more than two millennia, the Parthenon has been revered as the symbol of Western culture and its highest ideals. It was understood to honour the city-state's patron deity, Athena, and its sculptures to depict a civic celebration in the birthplace of democracy. But through a close reading of a lost play by Euripides, Joan Connelly has developed a theory that has sparked fierce controversy. Here she explains that our most basic sense of the Parthenon and the culture that built it may have been crucially mistaken. Re-creating the ancient structure, and using a breathtaking range of textual and visual evidence, she uncovers a monument glorifying human sacrifice set in a world of cult ritual quite alien to our understanding of the word 'Athenian'.
Posted in History

Zwischen mir und der Welt

Author: Ta-Nehisi Coates

Publisher: Hanser Berlin

ISBN: 3446251952

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 5804

Wenn in den USA schwarze Teenager von Polizisten ermordet werden, ist das nur ein Problem von individueller Verfehlung? Nein, denn rassistische Gewalt ist fest eingewebt in die amerikanische Identität – sie ist das, worauf das Land gebaut ist. Afroamerikaner besorgten als Sklaven seinen Reichtum und sterben als freie Bürger auf seinen Straßen. In seinem schmerzhaften, leidenschaftlichen Manifest verdichtet Ta-Nehisi Coates amerikanische und persönliche Geschichte zu einem Appell an sein Land, sich endlich seiner Vergangenheit zu stellen. Sein Buch wurde in den USA zum Nr.-1-Bestseller und ist schon jetzt ein Klassiker, auf den sich zukünftig alle Debatten um Rassismus beziehen werden.
Posted in Political Science

Nationalism and National Identities

Author: Martin Bulmer,John Solomos

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 131799566X

Category: Social Science

Page: 168

View: 901

Nationalism and nationalist ideas are a major force in the contemporary world. This volume brings together original papers from a number of countries dealing both with theories and case studies of particular national contexts. Taken together, these papers shed light on the processes through which nationalist sentiments and ideas are articulated and given social and political meaning in specific situations. They cover a broad range of different kinds of nationalist movements and ideologies, using a variety of theoretical perspectives and based on varying empirical methodologies. The cases covered include a comparison of Bosnia-Herzegovina and the North Caucasus, the role of religion in nationalist sentiment in Spain, ethnicity and nationalism in Turkey, Basque nationalism, the Basque diaspora across the Atlantic, the patrimonial state and inter-ethnic conflict in Nigeria, and nationalist movements in Uzbekistan and Tajikistan. Though this is the empirical focus, all chapters raise relevant theoretical questions and challenge differing approaches to the phenomenon of nationalism in the social sciences. This book was originally published as a special issue of Ethnic and Racial Studies.
Posted in Social Science

A Companion to Rawls

Author: Jon Mandle,David A. Reidy

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118328418

Category: Philosophy

Page: 600

View: 994

Wide ranging and up to date, this is the single most comprehensive treatment of the most influential political philosopher of the 20th century, John Rawls. An unprecedented survey that reflects the surge of Rawls scholarship since his death, and the lively debates that have emerged from his work Features an outstanding list of contributors, including senior as well as “next generation” Rawls scholars Provides careful, textually informed exegesis and well-developed critical commentary across all areas of his work, including non-Rawlsian perspectives Includes discussion of new material, covering Rawls’s work from the newly published undergraduate thesis to the final writings on public reason and the law of peoples Covers Rawls’s moral and political philosophy, his distinctive methodological commitments, and his relationships to the history of moral and political philosophy and to jurisprudence and the social sciences Includes discussion of his monumental 1971 book, A Theory of Justice, which is often credited as having revitalized political philosophy
Posted in Philosophy

Television Studies After TV

Understanding Television in the Post-Broadcast Era

Author: Graeme Turner,Jinna Tay

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134021666

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 7478

Television studies must now address a complex environment where change has been vigorous but uneven, and where local and national conditions vary significantly. Globalizing media industries, deregulatory policy regimes, the multiplication, convergence and trade in media formats, the emergence of new content production industries outside the US/UK umbrella, and the fragmentation of media audiences are all changing the nature of television today: its content, its industrial structure and how it is consumed. Television Studies after TV leads the way in developing new ways of understanding television in the post-broadcast era. With contributions from leading international scholars, it considers the full range of convergent media now implicated in understanding television, and also focuses on large non-Anglophone markets – such as Asia and Latin America — in order to accurately reflect the wide variety of structures, forms and content which now organise television around the world.
Posted in Social Science

Contesting Kurdish Identities in Sweden

Quest for Belonging among Middle Eastern Youth

Author: B. Eliassi

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137282088

Category: Political Science

Page: 224

View: 9079

Contesting Kurdish Identities in Sweden sheds light on the day-to-day strategies of accommodation and resistance that Kurdish youth use in the face exclusive narratives and structures of belonging and citizenship regimes in the Middle-East and Sweden.
Posted in Political Science

Israel, Jordan, and Palestine

The Two-state Imperative

Author: Asher Susser

Publisher: UPNE

ISBN: 1611680387

Category: History

Page: 297

View: 5162

Since 1921, the Zionist movement, the Hashemites, and Palestinian nationalists have been vying for regional control. In this book, Asher Susser analyzes the evolution of the one- and two-state options and explores why a two-state solution has failed to materialize. He provides an in-depth analysis of Jordan’s positions and presents an updated discussion of the two-state imperative through the initiatives of Israel and the Palestinian Authority. Susser argues that Israelis, Palestinians, and Jordanians have cohesive collective identities that violently collide with each other. Because of these entrenched differences, a single-state solution cannot be achieved.
Posted in History

Academics as Public Intellectuals

Author: Sven Eliaeson,Ragnvald Kalleberg

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 1443807176

Category: Social Science

Page: 315

View: 1495

As public intellectuals academics formulate specialized knowledge to become understandable and relevant for people outside of the specialty. There are two main forms of such intellectual activity: dissemination and debating. Scientific knowledge is a cultural value in its own right and also of importance in public discourse. Due to the complexity of the challenges facing modern societies the intellectual role of individual academics and scholarly institutions is increasingly important with mass education and new media techniques expanding the public sphere. It has become more important that specialists popularize also for specialists in other fields. Challenges such as climate change or social integration requires knowledgeable citizens and broad public discourses integrating specialized knowledge from several disciplines. Contemporary challenges in Western Europe, Scandinavia and the US are discussed. The historical perspectives are followed back to early Modernity. The cases include contributions on Holberg, the Myrdals and Boas. There are contributions on the recent transformations “East of the Elbe” and the challenges facing scholars in Turkey and India. The main focus of the book is on social scientists but the issues discussed are of general interest for all kinds of academics and for people interested in the cultural and political relevance of science.
Posted in Social Science