Myth and Philosophy from the Presocratics to Plato

Author: Kathryn A. Morgan

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139427524

Category: Philosophy

Page: N.A

View: 3120

This book explores the dynamic relationship between myth and philosophy in the Presocratics, the Sophists, and in Plato - a relationship which is found to be more extensive and programmatic than has been recognized. The story of philosophy's relationship with myth is that of its relationship with literary and social convention. The intellectuals studied here wanted to reformulate popular ideas about cultural authority and they achieved this goal by manipulating myth. Their self-conscious use of myth creates a self-reflective philosophic sensibility and draws attention to problems inherent in different modes of linguistic representation. Much of the reception of Greek philosophy stigmatizes myth as 'irrational'. Such an approach ignores the important role played by myth in Greek philosophy, not just as a foil but as a mode of philosophical thought. The case studies in this book reveal myth deployed as a result of methodological reflection, and as a manifestation of philosophical concerns.
Posted in Philosophy

Ancient Greek Philosophy

From the Presocratics to the Hellenistic Philosophers

Author: Thomas A. Blackson

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444396080

Category: Philosophy

Page: 328

View: 8478

Ancient Greek Philosophy: From the Presocratics to the Hellenistic Philosophers presents a comprehensive introduction to the philosophers and philosophical traditions that developed in ancient Greece from 585 BC to 529 AD. Provides coverage of the Presocratics through the Hellenistic philosophers Moves beyond traditional textbooks that conclude with Aristotle A uniquely balanced organization of exposition, choice excerpts and commentary, informed by classroom feedback Contextual commentary traces the development of lines of thought through the period, ideal for students new to the discipline Can be used in conjunction with the online resources found at http://tomblackson.com/Ancient/toc.html
Posted in Philosophy

Reading Ancient Texts: Presocratics and Plato

Author: Denis O'Brien,Suzanne Stern-Gillet,Kevin Corrigan

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004165096

Category: History

Page: 226

View: 2692

The contributors to this volume offer, in the light of specialised knowledge of leading philosophers of the ancient world, answers to the question: how are we to read and understand the surviving texts of Parmenides, Plato, Aristotle, Plotinus and Augustine?
Posted in History

The Greek philosophers

selected Greek texts from the Presocratics, Plato, and Aristotle

Author: James H. Lesher

Publisher: Duckbacks

ISBN: N.A

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 147

View: 8853

This study presents a collection of the influential Greek philosophical texts which provide a broad cross-section of ancient Greek thought. Full notes on the translation and the philosophical content are provided
Posted in Biography & Autobiography

The Anatomy of Myth

The Art of Interpretation from the Presocratics to the Church Fathers

Author: Michael Herren

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019060669X

Category: Social Science

Page: 231

View: 5726

The Anatomy of Myth is a comprehensive study of the different methods of interpreting myths developed by the Greeks, adopted by the Romans, and eventually passed to Jewish and Christian interpreters of the Bible. Methods of myth interpretation are closely related to developments in Greekphilosophy, beginning with the Presocratics in the 6th century B.C.E. and continuing to the Neoplatonists in the fifth century C.E. Greek thinkers only rarely saw 'myth' as a category of thought in its own right. Most often they viewed myths as the creation of poets, especially Homer and Hesiod, orelse as an ancient revelation that had been corrupted by them. In the first instance, critics attempted to find in the intention of the authors some deeper truth, whether physical or spiritual; in the second, they deemed it necessary to clear away poetic falsehoods in order to recapture an ancientrevelation. Parallel to the philosophical critiques were the efforts of early historians to explain myths as exaggerated history; myths could be purified by logos (reason) and rendered believable. Practically all of these early methods could be lumped under the term 'allegory' - to intend somethingdifferent from what one expressed. Only occasionally did philosophers veer from a concern for the literal truth of myths; but a few thinkers, while acknowledging myths as fictions, defended their value for the examples of good and bad human behavior they offered. These early efforts were invaluablefor the development of critical thinking, enabling public criticism of even the most authoritative texts. The Church Fathers Church took the interpretative methods of their pagan contemporaries and applied them vigorously to their reading of the scriptures. Pagan Greek methods of myth interpretationpassed into the Middle Ages and beyond, serving as a perennial defense against the damaging effects of scriptural literalism and fundamentalism.
Posted in Social Science

The Cambridge Companion to Early Greek Philosophy

Author: A. A. Long

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521446679

Category: Philosophy

Page: 427

View: 6723

A 1999 Companion to Greek philosophy, invaluable for new readers, and for specialists.
Posted in Philosophy

Greek Philosophy ...

Author: John Burnet

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Philosophy, Ancient

Page: 360

View: 3429

Posted in Philosophy, Ancient

Plato

The Man and His Work

Author: A.E. Taylor

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 041562780X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 562

View: 4806

This book provides an introduction to Plato’s work that gives a clear statement of what Plato has to say about the problems of thought and life. In particular, it tells the reader just what Plato says, and makes no attempt to force a system on the Platonic text or to trim Plato’s works to suit contemporary philosophical tastes. The author also gives an account that has historical fidelity - we cannot really understand the Republic or the Gorgias if we forget that the Athens of the conversations is meant to be the Athens of Nicias or Cleon, not the very different Athens of Plato’s own manhood. To understand Plato’s thought we must see it in the right historical perspective.
Posted in Philosophy

Presocratics

Author: James Warren

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317493370

Category: History

Page: 240

View: 6498

The earliest phase of philosophy in Europe saw the beginnings of cosmology and rational theology, metaphysics, epistemology, and ethical and political theory. It saw the development of a wide range of radical and challenging ideas: from Thales' claim that magnets have souls and Parmenides' account that there is only one unchanging existent to the development of an atomist theory of the physical world. This general account of the Presocratics introduces the major Greek philosophical thinkers from the sixth to the middle of the fifth century BC. It explores how we might go about reconstructing their views and understanding the motivation and context for their work as well as highlighting the ongoing philosophical interest of their often surprising claims. Separate chapters are devoted to each of the major Presocratic thinkers, including Xenophanes, Heraclitus, Parmenides, Anaxagoras, Empedocles, Leucippus and Democritus, and an introductory chapter sets the scene by describing their intellectual world and the tradition through which their philosophy has been transmitted and interpreted. With a useful chronology and guide to further reading, the book is an ideal introduction for the student and general reader.
Posted in History

Early Greek Philosophy

Author: Jonathan Barnes

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 9780140448153

Category: Philosophy

Page: 282

View: 2370

Examines early Greek philosophy, which relied on reasoning and forged the first scientific vocabulary, and includes discussion of such topics as Democritus' atomic theory of matter and Pythagorean insights into mathematics.
Posted in Philosophy

Ancient Philosophy

A Contemporary Introduction

Author: Christopher Shields

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136627588

Category: Philosophy

Page: 264

View: 1436

In this re-titled and substantially revised update of his Classical Philosophy (2003), Christopher Shields expands his coverage to include the Hellenistic era, and now offers an introduction to more than 1,000 years of ancient philosophy. From Thales and other Pre-Socratics through Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle, and on to Epicureanism, Stoicism, and Scepticism, Ancient Philosophy traces the important connections between these periods and individuals without losing sight of the novelties and dynamics unique to each. The coverage of Plato and Aristotle also has been expanded. It now includes, for example, updated coverage of Plato's allegories of the cave and the divided line and the metaphor of the sun as well as features of Plato's epistemology. Shields also adds new discussion on Aristotle's theory of virtue and his approach to the Socratic problem of akrasia, or weakness of will. In terms of its structure, Ancient Philosophy is presented so that each philosophical position receives: (1) a brief introduction, (2) a sympathetic review of its principal motivations and primary supporting arguments, and (3) a short assessment, inviting readers to evaluate its plausibility. The result is a book that brings the ancient arguments to life, making the introduction truly contemporary. It will serve as both a first stop and a well visited resource for any student of the subject. Ancient Philosophy offers a vivid picture of the ideas that flourished at philosophy's long birth and considers their relevance, both to the historical development of the Western philosophical tradition, and to philosophy today.
Posted in Philosophy

A History of Greek Philosophy

Author: William Keith Chambers Guthrie

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Philosophy, Ancient

Page: N.A

View: 5435

Posted in Philosophy, Ancient

The First Philosophers

The Presocratics and Sophists

Author: Robin Waterfield

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019953909X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 400

View: 7330

These first philosophers paved the way for the work of Plato and Aristotle - and hence for the whole of Western thought. This is a unique and invaluable collection of the works of the Presocratics and the Sophists. Waterfield brings together the works of these early thinkers with brilliant new translation and exceptional commentary. This is the ideal anthology for the student of this increasingly appreciated field of classical philosophy.
Posted in Philosophy

The Poetics of Philosophical Language

Plato, Poets and Presocratics in the Republic

Author: Zacharoula A. Petraki

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110260972

Category: Philosophy

Page: 292

View: 9027

"A close analysis of the Republic's diverse literary styles shows how the peculiarities of verbal texture in Platonic discourse can be explained by Plato's remolding of tropes and techniques from poetry and the Presocratics. This book argues that Plato smuggles poetic language into the Republic's prose in order to characterize the deceitful coloration and polymorphy that accompanies the world of Becoming as opposed to the Real. Plato's distinctive discourse thus can transmit, even to those figures focused on the visual within his Republic, the shiftiness of the base and the unjust."--Publisher's website.
Posted in Philosophy

Philosophy Before Socrates (Second Edition): An Introduction with Texts and Commentary

An Introduction with Texts and Commentary

Author: Richard D. McKirahan

Publisher: Hackett Publishing

ISBN: 1603846123

Category: Philosophy

Page: 512

View: 808

Since its publication in 1994, Richard McKirahan's Philosophy Before Socrates has become the standard sourcebook in Presocratic philosophy. It provides a wide survey of Greek science, metaphysics, and moral and political philosophy, from their roots in myth to the philosophers and Sophists of the fifth century. A comprehensive selection of fragments and testimonia, translated by the author, is presented in the context of a thorough and accessible discussion. An introductory chapter deals with the sources of Presocratic and Sophistic texts and the special problems of interpretation they present. In its second edition, this work has been updated and expanded to reflect important new discoveries and the most recent scholarship. Changes and additions have been made throughout, the most significant of which are found in the chapters on the Pythagoreans, Parmenides, Zeno, Anaxagoras, and Empedocles, and the new chapter on Philolaus. The translations of some passages have been revised, as have some interpretations and discussions. A new Appendix provides translations of three Hippocratic writings and the Derveni papyrus.
Posted in Philosophy

Greek Philosophy

Author: Reginald E. Allen

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 0029004950

Category: Philosophy

Page: 446

View: 9301

Widely praised for its accessibility and its concentration on the metaphysical issues that are most central to the history of Greek philosophy, this book offers a valuable introduction to the works of the Presocratics, Plato, and Aristotle.
Posted in Philosophy

Greek Notions of the Past in the Archaic and Classical Eras

Author: John Marincola

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 0748654666

Category: History

Page: 352

View: 1275

This volume in The Edinburgh Leventis Studies series collects the papers presented at the sixth A. G. Leventis conference, It engages with new research and new approaches to the Greek past, and brings the fruits of that research to a wider audience.
Posted in History

Likeness and Likelihood in the Presocratics and Plato

Author: Jenny Bryan

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521762944

Category: History

Page: 210

View: 6532

Studies the philosophical development of the meaning of the Greek word eoikos, which can be used to describe similarity, plausibility or even suitability. It focuses on Xenophanes, Parmenides and Plato's Timaeus and shows how such a study serves to enhance our understanding of their epistemology and methodology.
Posted in History

Why Plato Wrote

Author: Danielle S. Allen

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444351915

Category: Philosophy

Page: 248

View: 7200

Why Plato Wrote argues that Plato was not only the world’s first systematic political philosopher, but also the western world’s first think-tank activist and message man. Shows that Plato wrote to change Athenian society and thereby transform Athenian politics Offers accessible discussions of Plato’s philosophy of language and political theory Selected by Choice as an Outstanding Academic Title for 2011
Posted in Philosophy