Myth and Philosophy from the Presocratics to Plato

Author: Kathryn A. Morgan

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139427524

Category: Philosophy

Page: N.A

View: 6474

This book explores the dynamic relationship between myth and philosophy in the Presocratics, the Sophists, and in Plato - a relationship which is found to be more extensive and programmatic than has been recognized. The story of philosophy's relationship with myth is that of its relationship with literary and social convention. The intellectuals studied here wanted to reformulate popular ideas about cultural authority and they achieved this goal by manipulating myth. Their self-conscious use of myth creates a self-reflective philosophic sensibility and draws attention to problems inherent in different modes of linguistic representation. Much of the reception of Greek philosophy stigmatizes myth as 'irrational'. Such an approach ignores the important role played by myth in Greek philosophy, not just as a foil but as a mode of philosophical thought. The case studies in this book reveal myth deployed as a result of methodological reflection, and as a manifestation of philosophical concerns.
Posted in Philosophy

Platon-Handbuch

Leben – Werk – Wirkung

Author: Christoph Horn,Jörn Müller,Joachim Söder

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3476043355

Category: Philosophy

Page: 561

View: 4794

Das Handbuch bietet einen konzisen Überblick über Werk und Themen, es stellt Problemfelder (z.B. Ontologie, Kosmologie, Ästhetik, Moralphilosophie) und Begriffe (wie Idee, Tugend, Seele, Wahrheit) dar. Ein umfangreiches Kapitel widmet sich wichtigen Stationen der Wirkungsgeschichte (z.B. Neukantianismus, Analytische Platon-Rezeption). Die 2. Auflage wurde durchgesehen, aktualisiert und um einen Beitrag zur französischen Rezeption Platons nach dem 2. Weltkrieg erweitert. Platon ist einer der zentralen Klassiker der westlichen Philosophiegeschichte. Nach Alfred N. Whiteheads berühmten Ausspruch besteht die philosophische Tradition Europas aus einer Reihe von Fußnoten zu Platon.
Posted in Philosophy

Vorsokratiker

Author: Christof Rapp

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 9783406547614

Category: Pre-Socratic philosophers

Page: 262

View: 5461

Posted in Pre-Socratic philosophers

Greek Notions of the Past in the Archaic and Classical Eras

Author: John Marincola

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 0748654666

Category: History

Page: 352

View: 5526

This volume in The Edinburgh Leventis Studies series collects the papers presented at the sixth A. G. Leventis conference, It engages with new research and new approaches to the Greek past, and brings the fruits of that research to a wider audience.
Posted in History

Why Plato Wrote

Author: Danielle S. Allen

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444351915

Category: Philosophy

Page: 248

View: 2535

Why Plato Wrote argues that Plato was not only the world’s first systematic political philosopher, but also the western world’s first think-tank activist and message man. Shows that Plato wrote to change Athenian society and thereby transform Athenian politics Offers accessible discussions of Plato’s philosophy of language and political theory Selected by Choice as an Outstanding Academic Title for 2011
Posted in Philosophy

Exhortations to Philosophy

The Protreptics of Plato, Isocrates, and Aristotle

Author: James Henderson Collins II

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190266546

Category: Philosophy

Page: 320

View: 7505

This book is a study of the literary strategies which the first professional philosophers used to market their respective disciplines. Philosophers of fourth-century BCE Athens developed the emerging genre of the "protreptic" (literally, "turning" or "converting"). Simply put, protreptic discourse uses a rhetoric of conversion that urges a young person to adopt a specific philosophy in order to live a good life. The author argues that the fourth-century philosophers used protreptic discourses to market philosophical practices and to define and legitimize a new cultural institution: the school of higher learning (the first in Western history). Specifically, the book investigates how competing educators in the fourth century produced protreptic discourses by borrowing and transforming traditional and contemporary "voices" in the cultural marketplace. They aimed to introduce and promote their new schools and define the new professionalized discipline of "philosophy." While scholars have typically examined the discourses and practices of Plato, Isocrates, and Aristotle in isolation from one another, this study rather combines philosophy, narratology, genre theory, and new historicism to focus on the discursive interaction between the three philosophers: each incorporates the discourse of his competitors into his protreptics. Appropriating and transforming the discourses of their competition, these intellectuals created literary texts that introduced their respective disciplines to potential students.
Posted in Philosophy

Die Fragmente

Griechisch - Deutsch

Author: Parmenides

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3050091452

Category: History

Page: 208

View: 890

Parmenides, um 500 v. Chr. in Unteritalien lebend, ist neben Xenophanes aus Kolophon und Heraklit aus Ephesos der älteste der griechischen Denker, von dessen Überlegungen wir eine genauere Vorstellung gewinnen können. Seine Wirkung auf die Geschichte der Philosophie bis in die Gegenwart lässt sich kaum abschätzen: Er ist, wie die Griechen sagen würden, der "Erfinder" der Ontologie, er entdeckte die Sphäre der Logik und gab als Erster eine umfassende Beschreibung und Deutung der empirischen Welt. Die von Ernst Heitsch vorgelegte Ausgabe der wörtlich erhaltenen Fragmente gibt eine neue Übersetzung und versucht durch einleitende Erläuterungen zentraler Begriffe und durch Erklärung eines jeden Fragments, dem modernen Leser einen Zugang zu den faszinierenden Anfängen der europäischen Philosophie und Wissenschaft zu vermitteln.
Posted in History

The Anatomy of Myth

The Art of Interpretation from the Presocratics to the Church Fathers

Author: Michael Herren

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019060669X

Category: Social Science

Page: 231

View: 7121

The Anatomy of Myth is a comprehensive study of the different methods of interpreting myths developed by the Greeks, adopted by the Romans, and eventually passed to Jewish and Christian interpreters of the Bible. Methods of myth interpretation are closely related to developments in Greekphilosophy, beginning with the Presocratics in the 6th century B.C.E. and continuing to the Neoplatonists in the fifth century C.E. Greek thinkers only rarely saw 'myth' as a category of thought in its own right. Most often they viewed myths as the creation of poets, especially Homer and Hesiod, orelse as an ancient revelation that had been corrupted by them. In the first instance, critics attempted to find in the intention of the authors some deeper truth, whether physical or spiritual; in the second, they deemed it necessary to clear away poetic falsehoods in order to recapture an ancientrevelation. Parallel to the philosophical critiques were the efforts of early historians to explain myths as exaggerated history; myths could be purified by logos (reason) and rendered believable. Practically all of these early methods could be lumped under the term 'allegory' - to intend somethingdifferent from what one expressed. Only occasionally did philosophers veer from a concern for the literal truth of myths; but a few thinkers, while acknowledging myths as fictions, defended their value for the examples of good and bad human behavior they offered. These early efforts were invaluablefor the development of critical thinking, enabling public criticism of even the most authoritative texts. The Church Fathers Church took the interpretative methods of their pagan contemporaries and applied them vigorously to their reading of the scriptures. Pagan Greek methods of myth interpretationpassed into the Middle Ages and beyond, serving as a perennial defense against the damaging effects of scriptural literalism and fundamentalism.
Posted in Social Science

Plato's Phaedrus

a defense of a philosophic art of writing

Author: Ronna Burger

Publisher: Univ of Alabama Pr

ISBN: N.A

Category: Philosophy

Page: 160

View: 537

Posted in Philosophy

Über die Platonischen Mythen

Author: Josef Pieper

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Mythology, Greek

Page: 95

View: 5435

Posted in Mythology, Greek

Reading Ancient Texts: Presocratics and Plato

Author: Denis O'Brien,Suzanne Stern-Gillet,Kevin Corrigan

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004165096

Category: History

Page: 226

View: 4765

The contributors to this volume offer, in the light of specialised knowledge of leading philosophers of the ancient world, answers to the question: how are we to read and understand the surviving texts of Parmenides, Plato, Aristotle, Plotinus and Augustine?
Posted in History

Telos

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social sciences

Page: N.A

View: 6654

Posted in Social sciences

The Ancient World

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Greece

Page: N.A

View: 7273

Posted in Greece

The Poetics of Philosophical Language

Plato, Poets and Presocratics in the Republic

Author: Zacharoula A. Petraki

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110260972

Category: Philosophy

Page: 292

View: 9681

"A close analysis of the Republic's diverse literary styles shows how the peculiarities of verbal texture in Platonic discourse can be explained by Plato's remolding of tropes and techniques from poetry and the Presocratics. This book argues that Plato smuggles poetic language into the Republic's prose in order to characterize the deceitful coloration and polymorphy that accompanies the world of Becoming as opposed to the Real. Plato's distinctive discourse thus can transmit, even to those figures focused on the visual within his Republic, the shiftiness of the base and the unjust."--Publisher's website.
Posted in Philosophy

Longin, Philologe und Philosoph

Eine Interpretation der erhaltenen Zeugnisse

Author: Irmgard Männlein-Robert

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110955512

Category: History

Page: 795

View: 3537

Posted in History

Die Welt des Parmenides

der Ursprung des europäischen Denkens

Author: Karl R. Popper

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783492240710

Category:

Page: 480

View: 8819

Ein Leben lang hat sich der aus Wien stammende Philosoph Karl R. Popper mit den Vorsokratikern Parmenides, Xenophanes, Heraklit und anderen auseinandergesetzt. Europa verdankt ihnen die Grundlegung seiner Philosophie, seiner Wissenschaft und seines Humanismus. In dieser einzigartigen Sammlung von Texten wird deutlich, wie die Urväter der Philosophie und Naturwissenschaft Probleme durchdacht haben. Popper zeigt in seiner klaren Sprache die erstaunliche Vielfalt und ungebrochene Aktualität frühgriechischen Denkens. >Parmenides öffnete mir die Augen für die poetische Schönheit der Erde und des gestirnten Himmels. Er lehrte mich, sie mit neuem Forscherblick zu betrachten.
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