Myth and Philosophy from the Presocratics to Plato

Author: Kathryn A. Morgan

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139427524

Category: Philosophy

Page: N.A

View: 1510

This book explores the dynamic relationship between myth and philosophy in the Presocratics, the Sophists, and in Plato - a relationship which is found to be more extensive and programmatic than has been recognized. The story of philosophy's relationship with myth is that of its relationship with literary and social convention. The intellectuals studied here wanted to reformulate popular ideas about cultural authority and they achieved this goal by manipulating myth. Their self-conscious use of myth creates a self-reflective philosophic sensibility and draws attention to problems inherent in different modes of linguistic representation. Much of the reception of Greek philosophy stigmatizes myth as 'irrational'. Such an approach ignores the important role played by myth in Greek philosophy, not just as a foil but as a mode of philosophical thought. The case studies in this book reveal myth deployed as a result of methodological reflection, and as a manifestation of philosophical concerns.
Posted in Philosophy

Platon-Handbuch

Leben – Werk – Wirkung

Author: Christoph Horn,Jörn Müller,Joachim Söder

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3476043355

Category: Philosophy

Page: 561

View: 4915

Das Handbuch bietet einen konzisen Überblick über Werk und Themen, es stellt Problemfelder (z.B. Ontologie, Kosmologie, Ästhetik, Moralphilosophie) und Begriffe (wie Idee, Tugend, Seele, Wahrheit) dar. Ein umfangreiches Kapitel widmet sich wichtigen Stationen der Wirkungsgeschichte (z.B. Neukantianismus, Analytische Platon-Rezeption). Die 2. Auflage wurde durchgesehen, aktualisiert und um einen Beitrag zur französischen Rezeption Platons nach dem 2. Weltkrieg erweitert. Platon ist einer der zentralen Klassiker der westlichen Philosophiegeschichte. Nach Alfred N. Whiteheads berühmten Ausspruch besteht die philosophische Tradition Europas aus einer Reihe von Fußnoten zu Platon.
Posted in Philosophy

Greek Notions of the Past in the Archaic and Classical Eras

Author: John Marincola

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 0748654666

Category: History

Page: 352

View: 5933

This volume in The Edinburgh Leventis Studies series collects the papers presented at the sixth A. G. Leventis conference, It engages with new research and new approaches to the Greek past, and brings the fruits of that research to a wider audience.
Posted in History

Vorsokratiker

Author: Christof Rapp

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 9783406547614

Category: Pre-Socratic philosophers

Page: 262

View: 6874

Posted in Pre-Socratic philosophers

Why Plato Wrote

Author: Danielle S. Allen

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444351915

Category: Philosophy

Page: 248

View: 4329

Why Plato Wrote argues that Plato was not only the world’s first systematic political philosopher, but also the western world’s first think-tank activist and message man. Shows that Plato wrote to change Athenian society and thereby transform Athenian politics Offers accessible discussions of Plato’s philosophy of language and political theory Selected by Choice as an Outstanding Academic Title for 2011
Posted in Philosophy

Exhortations to Philosophy

The Protreptics of Plato, Isocrates, and Aristotle

Author: James Henderson Collins II

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190266546

Category: Philosophy

Page: 320

View: 1903

This book is a study of the literary strategies which the first professional philosophers used to market their respective disciplines. Philosophers of fourth-century BCE Athens developed the emerging genre of the "protreptic" (literally, "turning" or "converting"). Simply put, protreptic discourse uses a rhetoric of conversion that urges a young person to adopt a specific philosophy in order to live a good life. The author argues that the fourth-century philosophers used protreptic discourses to market philosophical practices and to define and legitimize a new cultural institution: the school of higher learning (the first in Western history). Specifically, the book investigates how competing educators in the fourth century produced protreptic discourses by borrowing and transforming traditional and contemporary "voices" in the cultural marketplace. They aimed to introduce and promote their new schools and define the new professionalized discipline of "philosophy." While scholars have typically examined the discourses and practices of Plato, Isocrates, and Aristotle in isolation from one another, this study rather combines philosophy, narratology, genre theory, and new historicism to focus on the discursive interaction between the three philosophers: each incorporates the discourse of his competitors into his protreptics. Appropriating and transforming the discourses of their competition, these intellectuals created literary texts that introduced their respective disciplines to potential students.
Posted in Philosophy

Plato's Phaedrus

a defense of a philosophic art of writing

Author: Ronna Burger

Publisher: Univ of Alabama Pr

ISBN: N.A

Category: Philosophy

Page: 160

View: 541

Posted in Philosophy

The Anatomy of Myth

The Art of Interpretation from the Presocratics to the Church Fathers

Author: Michael Herren

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019060669X

Category: Social Science

Page: 231

View: 5859

The Anatomy of Myth is a comprehensive study of the different methods of interpreting myths developed by the Greeks, adopted by the Romans, and eventually passed to Jewish and Christian interpreters of the Bible. Methods of myth interpretation are closely related to developments in Greekphilosophy, beginning with the Presocratics in the 6th century B.C.E. and continuing to the Neoplatonists in the fifth century C.E. Greek thinkers only rarely saw 'myth' as a category of thought in its own right. Most often they viewed myths as the creation of poets, especially Homer and Hesiod, orelse as an ancient revelation that had been corrupted by them. In the first instance, critics attempted to find in the intention of the authors some deeper truth, whether physical or spiritual; in the second, they deemed it necessary to clear away poetic falsehoods in order to recapture an ancientrevelation. Parallel to the philosophical critiques were the efforts of early historians to explain myths as exaggerated history; myths could be purified by logos (reason) and rendered believable. Practically all of these early methods could be lumped under the term 'allegory' - to intend somethingdifferent from what one expressed. Only occasionally did philosophers veer from a concern for the literal truth of myths; but a few thinkers, while acknowledging myths as fictions, defended their value for the examples of good and bad human behavior they offered. These early efforts were invaluablefor the development of critical thinking, enabling public criticism of even the most authoritative texts. The Church Fathers Church took the interpretative methods of their pagan contemporaries and applied them vigorously to their reading of the scriptures. Pagan Greek methods of myth interpretationpassed into the Middle Ages and beyond, serving as a perennial defense against the damaging effects of scriptural literalism and fundamentalism.
Posted in Social Science

Form and Argument in Late Plato

Author: Christopher Gill,Mary Margaret McCabe

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199241422

Category: Philosophy

Page: 345

View: 3590

Why did Plato put his philosophical arguments into dialogues, rather than presenting them in a plain and readily understandable fashion? In writing rich tales of philosophical encounters, does Plato desert clarity in favour of seducing his readers with fine words, or is there a philosophical reason behind the form of his argument? While recent work has focused on the literary brilliance of the early dialogues, the late dialogues present a particular problem: they lack the vivid literary character of Plato's earlier works, and the dialogue structure seems to be a mere formality. Is there a philosophical reason why Plato's late works are in the form of dialogues? In this volume, a group of internationally prominent scholars address that question. Their answers are fresh, varied, and powerfully argued. This volume offers both a series of first-class essays on major late Platonic dialogues and a discussion which has important implications for the study of philosophical method and the relation between philosophy and literature. It shows that the literary form and modes of dialectic of the late dialogues are richly rewarding to study, and that doing so is of deep importance for Plato's philosophical project.
Posted in Philosophy

Reading Ancient Texts: Presocratics and Plato

Author: Denis O'Brien,Suzanne Stern-Gillet,Kevin Corrigan

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004165096

Category: History

Page: 226

View: 3077

The contributors to this volume offer, in the light of specialised knowledge of leading philosophers of the ancient world, answers to the question: how are we to read and understand the surviving texts of Parmenides, Plato, Aristotle, Plotinus and Augustine?
Posted in History

Telos

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social sciences

Page: N.A

View: 7774

Posted in Social sciences

Geschichte der griechischen Philosophie

Author: Luciano De Crescenzo

Publisher: Diogenes Verlag AG

ISBN: 3257608012

Category: Philosophy

Page: 560

View: 9666

Luciano De Crescenzo erzählt mit mediterraner Fabulierlust von den griechischen Philosophen und schmuggelt unter so bekannte Namen wie Sokrates, Platon und Epikur auch die seiner Nachbarn und Bekannten aus Neapel. So fügt sich das Heute mit dem Damals zusammen, der moderne Alltag mit der antiken Schule des Denkens.
Posted in Philosophy

The Ancient World

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Greece

Page: N.A

View: 1908

Posted in Greece

A Philosophy of Political Myth

Author: Chiara Bottici

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139466798

Category: Philosophy

Page: N.A

View: 9088

In this book, originally published in 2007, Chiara Bottici argues for a philosophical understanding of political myth. Bottici demonstrates that myth is a process, one of continuous work on a basic narrative pattern that responds to a need for significance. Human beings need meaning in order to master the world they live in, but they also need significance in order to live in a world that is less indifferent to them. This is particularly true in the realm of politics. Political myths are narratives through which we orient ourselves, and act and feel about our political world. Bottici shows that in order to come to terms with contemporary phenomena, such as the clash between civilizations, we need a Copernican revolution in political philosophy. If we want to save reason, we need to look at it from the standpoint of myth.
Posted in Philosophy

The Theaetetus of Plato

Author: Myles Burnyeat,Plato

Publisher: Hackett Publishing

ISBN: 9780915144815

Category: Philosophy

Page: 366

View: 9760

A remarkable book, destined to become a classic in its field. In the lucidity, penetration, and rigor of its analyses of the philosophical positions with which Plato experiments in this dialogue and in its power to connect these positions with present day metaphysical and epistemological theories it has no superior.
Posted in Philosophy

Popular Tyranny

Sovereignty and Its Discontents in Ancient Greece

Author: Kathryn A. Morgan

Publisher: University of Texas Press

ISBN: 0292759401

Category: Political Science

Page: 352

View: 717

The nature of authority and rulership was a central concern in ancient Greece, where the figure of the king or tyrant and the sovereignty associated with him remained a powerful focus of political and philosophical debate even as Classical Athens developed the world's first democracy. This collection of essays examines the extraordinary role that the concept of tyranny played in the cultural and political imagination of Archaic and Classical Greece through the interdisciplinary perspectives provided by internationally known archaeologists, literary critics, and historians. The book ranges historically from the Bronze and early Iron Age to the political theorists and commentators of the middle of the fourth century B.C. and generically across tragedy, comedy, historiography, and philosophy. While offering individual and sometimes differing perspectives, the essays tackle several common themes: the construction of authority and of constitutional models, the importance of religion and ritual, the crucial role of wealth, and the autonomy of the individual. Moreover, the essays with an Athenian focus shed new light on the vexed question of whether it was possible for Athenians to think of themselves as tyrannical in any way. As a whole, the collection presents a nuanced survey of how competing ideologies and desires, operating through the complex associations of the image of tyranny, struggled for predominance in ancient cities and their citizens.
Posted in Political Science

Die Welt des Parmenides

der Ursprung des europäischen Denkens

Author: Karl R. Popper

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783492240710

Category:

Page: 480

View: 3224

Ein Leben lang hat sich der aus Wien stammende Philosoph Karl R. Popper mit den Vorsokratikern Parmenides, Xenophanes, Heraklit und anderen auseinandergesetzt. Europa verdankt ihnen die Grundlegung seiner Philosophie, seiner Wissenschaft und seines Humanismus. In dieser einzigartigen Sammlung von Texten wird deutlich, wie die Urväter der Philosophie und Naturwissenschaft Probleme durchdacht haben. Popper zeigt in seiner klaren Sprache die erstaunliche Vielfalt und ungebrochene Aktualität frühgriechischen Denkens. >Parmenides öffnete mir die Augen für die poetische Schönheit der Erde und des gestirnten Himmels. Er lehrte mich, sie mit neuem Forscherblick zu betrachten.
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