Multivariate Density Estimation

Theory, Practice, and Visualization

Author: David W. Scott

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118575539

Category: Mathematics

Page: 384

View: 3230

Clarifies modern data analysis through nonparametric density estimation for a complete working knowledge of the theory and methods Featuring a thoroughly revised presentation, Multivariate Density Estimation: Theory, Practice, and Visualization, Second Edition maintains an intuitive approach to the underlying methodology and supporting theory of density estimation. Including new material and updated research in each chapter, the Second Edition presents additional clarification of theoretical opportunities, new algorithms, and up-to-date coverage of the unique challenges presented in the field of data analysis. The new edition focuses on the various density estimation techniques and methods that can be used in the field of big data. Defining optimal nonparametric estimators, the Second Edition demonstrates the density estimation tools to use when dealing with various multivariate structures in univariate, bivariate, trivariate, and quadrivariate data analysis. Continuing to illustrate the major concepts in the context of the classical histogram, Multivariate Density Estimation: Theory, Practice, and Visualization, Second Edition also features: Over 150 updated figures to clarify theoretical results and to show analyses of real data sets An updated presentation of graphic visualization using computer software such as R A clear discussion of selections of important research during the past decade, including mixture estimation, robust parametric modeling algorithms, and clustering More than 130 problems to help readers reinforce the main concepts and ideas presented Boxed theorems and results allowing easy identification of crucial ideas Figures in color in the digital versions of the book A website with related data sets Multivariate Density Estimation: Theory, Practice, and Visualization, Second Edition is an ideal reference for theoretical and applied statisticians, practicing engineers, as well as readers interested in the theoretical aspects of nonparametric estimation and the application of these methods to multivariate data. The Second Edition is also useful as a textbook for introductory courses in kernel statistics, smoothing, advanced computational statistics, and general forms of statistical distributions.
Posted in Mathematics

Density Estimation for Statistics and Data Analysis

Author: Bernard. W. Silverman

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351456164

Category: Mathematics

Page: 176

View: 2671

Although there has been a surge of interest in density estimation in recent years, much of the published research has been concerned with purely technical matters with insufficient emphasis given to the technique's practical value. Furthermore, the subject has been rather inaccessible to the general statistician. The account presented in this book places emphasis on topics of methodological importance, in the hope that this will facilitate broader practical application of density estimation and also encourage research into relevant theoretical work. The book also provides an introduction to the subject for those with general interests in statistics. The important role of density estimation as a graphical technique is reflected by the inclusion of more than 50 graphs and figures throughout the text. Several contexts in which density estimation can be used are discussed, including the exploration and presentation of data, nonparametric discriminant analysis, cluster analysis, simulation and the bootstrap, bump hunting, projection pursuit, and the estimation of hazard rates and other quantities that depend on the density. This book includes general survey of methods available for density estimation. The Kernel method, both for univariate and multivariate data, is discussed in detail, with particular emphasis on ways of deciding how much to smooth and on computation aspects. Attention is also given to adaptive methods, which smooth to a greater degree in the tails of the distribution, and to methods based on the idea of penalized likelihood.
Posted in Mathematics

Nonparametric Functional Data Analysis

Theory and Practice

Author: Frédéric Ferraty,Philippe Vieu

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387366202

Category: Mathematics

Page: 260

View: 764

Modern apparatuses allow us to collect samples of functional data, mainly curves but also images. On the other hand, nonparametric statistics produces useful tools for standard data exploration. This book links these two fields of modern statistics by explaining how functional data can be studied through parameter-free statistical ideas. At the same time it shows how functional data can be studied through parameter-free statistical ideas, and offers an original presentation of new nonparametric statistical methods for functional data analysis.
Posted in Mathematics

The R Book

Author: Michael J. Crawley

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118448960

Category: Mathematics

Page: 1080

View: 3387

Hugely successful and popular text presenting an extensive and comprehensive guide for all R users The R language is recognized as one of the most powerful and flexible statistical software packages, enabling users to apply many statistical techniques that would be impossible without such software to help implement such large data sets. R has become an essential tool for understanding and carrying out research. This edition: Features full colour text and extensive graphics throughout. Introduces a clear structure with numbered section headings to help readers locate information more efficiently. Looks at the evolution of R over the past five years. Features a new chapter on Bayesian Analysis and Meta-Analysis. Presents a fully revised and updated bibliography and reference section. Is supported by an accompanying website allowing examples from the text to be run by the user. Praise for the first edition: ‘…if you are an R user or wannabe R user, this text is the one that should be on your shelf. The breadth of topics covered is unsurpassed when it comes to texts on data analysis in R.’ (The American Statistician, August 2008) ‘The High-level software language of R is setting standards in quantitative analysis. And now anybody can get to grips with it thanks to The R Book…’ (Professional Pensions, July 2007)
Posted in Mathematics

Pixelization Paradigm

Visual Information Expert Workshop, VIEW 2006, Paris, France, April 24-25, 2006, Revised Selected Papers

Author: Pierre P Lévy,Bénédicte Le Grand,François Poulet,Michel Soto,Laszlo Darago,Laurent Toubiana,Jean-Francois Vibert

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3540710272

Category: Computers

Page: 288

View: 4425

This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed post-proceedings of the Visual Information Expert Workshop, VIEW 2006, held in Paris, France, in April 2006. The 23 revised full papers were carefully selected from numerous submissions during two rounds of reviewing and improvement. The book is categorized in three main parts: pixelization theory, pixelization applications, pixelization and cognition.
Posted in Computers

Statistical Data Analytics

Foundations for Data Mining, Informatics, and Knowledge Discovery

Author: Walter W. Piegorsch

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119030668

Category: Mathematics

Page: 488

View: 3121

A comprehensive introduction to statistical methods for data mining and knowledge discovery. Applications of data mining and ‘big data’ increasingly take center stage in our modern, knowledge-driven society, supported by advances in computing power, automated data acquisition, social media development and interactive, linkable internet software. This book presents a coherent, technical introduction to modern statistical learning and analytics, starting from the core foundations of statistics and probability. It includes an overview of probability and statistical distributions, basics of data manipulation and visualization, and the central components of standard statistical inferences. The majority of the text extends beyond these introductory topics, however, to supervised learning in linear regression, generalized linear models, and classification analytics. Finally, unsupervised learning via dimension reduction, cluster analysis, and market basket analysis are introduced. Extensive examples using actual data (with sample R programming code) are provided, illustrating diverse informatic sources in genomics, biomedicine, ecological remote sensing, astronomy, socioeconomics, marketing, advertising and finance, among many others. Statistical Data Analytics: Focuses on methods critically used in data mining and statistical informatics. Coherently describes the methods at an introductory level, with extensions to selected intermediate and advanced techniques. Provides informative, technical details for the highlighted methods. Employs the open-source R language as the computational vehicle – along with its burgeoning collection of online packages – to illustrate many of the analyses contained in the book. Concludes each chapter with a range of interesting and challenging homework exercises using actual data from a variety of informatic application areas. This book will appeal as a classroom or training text to intermediate and advanced undergraduates, and to beginning graduate students, with sufficient background in calculus and matrix algebra. It will also serve as a source-book on the foundations of statistical informatics and data analytics to practitioners who regularly apply statistical learning to their modern data.
Posted in Mathematics

Handbook of Regression Methods

Author: Derek Scott Young

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351650742

Category: Mathematics

Page: 632

View: 5667

This book is intended to read like a handbook for regression methods. It provides a broad survey of both standard and non-standard regression models and topics. Thus, the treatment includes topics that would typically be covered in a master's-level statistics course in regression (e.g., simple/multiple linear regression, residual analysis, and ANOVA; as well as more specialized topics like biased regression procedures, multivariate regression, and count regression models).
Posted in Mathematics

Probability and Statistics for Computer Scientists, Second Edition

Author: Michael Baron

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1498760600

Category: Mathematics

Page: 449

View: 8011

Student-Friendly Coverage of Probability, Statistical Methods, Simulation, and Modeling Tools Incorporating feedback from instructors and researchers who used the previous edition, Probability and Statistics for Computer Scientists, Second Edition helps students understand general methods of stochastic modeling, simulation, and data analysis; make optimal decisions under uncertainty; model and evaluate computer systems and networks; and prepare for advanced probability-based courses. Written in a lively style with simple language, this classroom-tested book can now be used in both one- and two-semester courses. New to the Second Edition Axiomatic introduction of probability Expanded coverage of statistical inference, including standard errors of estimates and their estimation, inference about variances, chi-square tests for independence and goodness of fit, nonparametric statistics, and bootstrap More exercises at the end of each chapter Additional MATLAB® codes, particularly new commands of the Statistics Toolbox In-Depth yet Accessible Treatment of Computer Science-Related Topics Starting with the fundamentals of probability, the text takes students through topics heavily featured in modern computer science, computer engineering, software engineering, and associated fields, such as computer simulations, Monte Carlo methods, stochastic processes, Markov chains, queuing theory, statistical inference, and regression. It also meets the requirements of the Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology (ABET). Encourages Practical Implementation of Skills Using simple MATLAB commands (easily translatable to other computer languages), the book provides short programs for implementing the methods of probability and statistics as well as for visualizing randomness, the behavior of random variables and stochastic processes, convergence results, and Monte Carlo simulations. Preliminary knowledge of MATLAB is not required. Along with numerous computer science applications and worked examples, the text presents interesting facts and paradoxical statements. Each chapter concludes with a short summary and many exercises.
Posted in Mathematics

Common Errors in Statistics (and How to Avoid Them)

Author: Phillip I. Good,James W. Hardin

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118360117

Category: Mathematics

Page: 352

View: 2093

Praise for Common Errors in Statistics (and How to Avoid Them) "A very engaging and valuable book for all who use statistics in any setting." —CHOICE "Addresses popular mistakes often made in data collection and provides an indispensable guide to accurate statistical analysis and reporting. The authors' emphasis on careful practice, combined with a focus on the development of solutions, reveals the true value of statistics when applied correctly in any area of research." —MAA Reviews Common Errors in Statistics (and How to Avoid Them), Fourth Edition provides a mathematically rigorous, yet readily accessible foundation in statistics for experienced readers as well as students learning to design and complete experiments, surveys, and clinical trials. Providing a consistent level of coherency throughout, the highly readable Fourth Edition focuses on debunking popular myths, analyzing common mistakes, and instructing readers on how to choose the appropriate statistical technique to address their specific task. The authors begin with an introduction to the main sources of error and provide techniques for avoiding them. Subsequent chapters outline key methods and practices for accurate analysis, reporting, and model building. The Fourth Edition features newly added topics, including: Baseline data Detecting fraud Linear regression versus linear behavior Case control studies Minimum reporting requirements Non-random samples The book concludes with a glossary that outlines key terms, and an extensive bibliography with several hundred citations directing readers to resources for further study. Presented in an easy-to-follow style, Common Errors in Statistics, Fourth Edition is an excellent book for students and professionals in industry, government, medicine, and the social sciences.
Posted in Mathematics

Analysis of Multivariate and High-Dimensional Data

Author: Inge Koch

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521887933

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 526

View: 1169

This modern approach integrates classical and contemporary methods, fusing theory and practice and bridging the gap to statistical learning.
Posted in Business & Economics

Approximation Theorems of Mathematical Statistics

Author: Robert J. Serfling

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470317191

Category: Mathematics

Page: 392

View: 7152

Approximation Theorems of Mathematical Statistics This convenient paperback edition makes a seminal text in statistics accessible to a new generation of students and practitioners. Approximation Theorems of Mathematical Statistics covers a broad range of limit theorems useful in mathematical statistics, along with methods of proof and techniques of application. The manipulation of "probability" theorems to obtain "statistical" theorems is emphasized. Besides a knowledge of these basic statistical theorems, this lucid introduction to the subject imparts an appreciation of the instrumental role of probability theory. The book makes accessible to students and practicing professionals in statistics, general mathematics, operations research, and engineering the essentials of: * The tools and foundations that are basic to asymptotic theory in statistics * The asymptotics of statistics computed from a sample, including transformations of vectors of more basic statistics, with emphasis on asymptotic distribution theory and strong convergence * Important special classes of statistics, such as maximum likelihood estimates and other asymptotic efficient procedures; W. Hoeffding's U-statistics and R. von Mises's "differentiable statistical functions" * Statistics obtained as solutions of equations ("M-estimates"), linear functions of order statistics ("L-statistics"), and rank statistics ("R-statistics") * Use of influence curves * Approaches toward asymptotic relative efficiency of statistical test procedures
Posted in Mathematics

Time Series Analysis and Its Applications

With R Examples

Author: Robert H. Shumway,David S. Stoffer

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319524526

Category: Mathematics

Page: 562

View: 9477

The fourth edition of this popular graduate textbook, like its predecessors, presents a balanced and comprehensive treatment of both time and frequency domain methods with accompanying theory. Numerous examples using nontrivial data illustrate solutions to problems such as discovering natural and anthropogenic climate change, evaluating pain perception experiments using functional magnetic resonance imaging, and monitoring a nuclear test ban treaty. The book is designed as a textbook for graduate level students in the physical, biological, and social sciences and as a graduate level text in statistics. Some parts may also serve as an undergraduate introductory course. Theory and methodology are separated to allow presentations on different levels. In addition to coverage of classical methods of time series regression, ARIMA models, spectral analysis and state-space models, the text includes modern developments including categorical time series analysis, multivariate spectral methods, long memory series, nonlinear models, resampling techniques, GARCH models, ARMAX models, stochastic volatility, wavelets, and Markov chain Monte Carlo integration methods. This edition includes R code for each numerical example in addition to Appendix R, which provides a reference for the data sets and R scripts used in the text in addition to a tutorial on basic R commands and R time series. An additional file is available on the book’s website for download, making all the data sets and scripts easy to load into R.
Posted in Mathematics

Statistics and Data with R

An Applied Approach Through Examples

Author: Yosef Cohen,Jeremiah Y. Cohen

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 047072188X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 618

View: 7245

R, an Open Source software, has become the de facto statistical computing environment. It has an excellent collection of data manipulation and graphics capabilities. It is extensible and comes with a large number of packages that allow statistical analysis at all levels – from simple to advanced – and in numerous fields including Medicine, Genetics, Biology, Environmental Sciences, Geology, Social Sciences and much more. The software is maintained and developed by academicians and professionals and as such, is continuously evolving and up to date. Statistics and Data with R presents an accessible guide to data manipulations, statistical analysis and graphics using R. Assuming no previous knowledge of statistics or R, the book includes: A comprehensive introduction to the R language. An integrated approach to importing and preparing data for analysis, exploring and analyzing the data, and presenting results. Over 300 examples, including detailed explanations of the R scripts used throughout. Over 100 moderately large data sets from disciplines ranging from Biology, Ecology and Environmental Science to Medicine, Law, Military and Social Sciences. A parallel discussion of analyses with the normal density, proportions (binomial), counts (Poisson) and bootstrap methods. Two extensive indexes that include references to every R function (and its arguments and packages used in the book) and to every introduced concept. An accompanying Wiki website, http://turtle.gis.umn.edu includes all the scripts and data used in the book. The website also features a solutions manual, providing answers to all of the exercises presented in the book. Visitors are invited to download/upload data and scripts and share comments, suggestions and questions with other visitors. Students, researchers and practitioners will find this to be both a valuable learning resource in statistics and R and an excellent reference book.
Posted in Mathematics

An Introduction to Multivariate Statistical Analysis

Author: Theodore W. Anderson

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Mathematics

Page: 675

View: 6436

Multivariate Statistical Simulation Mark E. Johnson For the researcher in statistics, probability, and operations research involved in the design and execution of a computer-aided simulation study utilizing continuous multivariate distributions, this book considers the properties of such distributions from a unique perspective. With enhancing graphics (three-dimensional and contour plots), it presents generation algorithms revealing features of the distribution undisclosed in preliminary algebraic manipulations. Well-known multivariate distributions covered include normal mixtures, elliptically assymmetric, Johnson translation, Khintine, and Burr-Pareto-logistic. 1987 (0 471-82290-6) 230 pp. Aspects of Multivariate Statistical Theory Robb J. Muirhead A classical mathematical treatment of the techniques, distributions, and inferences based on the multivariate normal distributions. The main focus is on distribution theory—both exact and asymptotic. Introduces three main areas of current activity overlooked or inadequately covered in existing texts: noncentral distribution theory, decision theoretic estimation of the parameters of a multivariate normal distribution, and the uses of spherical and elliptical distributions in multivariate analysis. 1982 (0 471-09442-0) 673 pp. Multivariate Observations G. A. F. Seber This up-to-date, comprehensive sourcebook treats data-oriented techniques and classical methods. It concerns the external analysis of differences among objects, and the internal analysis of how the variables measured relate to one another within objects. The scope ranges from the practical problems of graphically representing high dimensional data to the theoretical problems relating to matrices of random variables. 1984 (0 471-88104-X) 686 pp.
Posted in Mathematics

Computer Age Statistical Inference

Algorithms, Evidence, and Data Science

Author: Bradley Efron,Trevor Hastie

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1108107958

Category: Mathematics

Page: N.A

View: 2929

The twenty-first century has seen a breathtaking expansion of statistical methodology, both in scope and in influence. 'Big data', 'data science', and 'machine learning' have become familiar terms in the news, as statistical methods are brought to bear upon the enormous data sets of modern science and commerce. How did we get here? And where are we going? This book takes us on an exhilarating journey through the revolution in data analysis following the introduction of electronic computation in the 1950s. Beginning with classical inferential theories - Bayesian, frequentist, Fisherian - individual chapters take up a series of influential topics: survival analysis, logistic regression, empirical Bayes, the jackknife and bootstrap, random forests, neural networks, Markov chain Monte Carlo, inference after model selection, and dozens more. The distinctly modern approach integrates methodology and algorithms with statistical inference. The book ends with speculation on the future direction of statistics and data science.
Posted in Mathematics

Introduction to Statistical Machine Learning

Author: Masashi Sugiyama

Publisher: Morgan Kaufmann

ISBN: 0128023503

Category: Computers

Page: 534

View: 2822

Machine learning allows computers to learn and discern patterns without actually being programmed. When Statistical techniques and machine learning are combined together they are a powerful tool for analysing various kinds of data in many computer science/engineering areas including, image processing, speech processing, natural language processing, robot control, as well as in fundamental sciences such as biology, medicine, astronomy, physics, and materials. Introduction to Statistical Machine Learning provides a general introduction to machine learning that covers a wide range of topics concisely and will help you bridge the gap between theory and practice. Part I discusses the fundamental concepts of statistics and probability that are used in describing machine learning algorithms. Part II and Part III explain the two major approaches of machine learning techniques; generative methods and discriminative methods. While Part III provides an in-depth look at advanced topics that play essential roles in making machine learning algorithms more useful in practice. The accompanying MATLAB/Octave programs provide you with the necessary practical skills needed to accomplish a wide range of data analysis tasks. Provides the necessary background material to understand machine learning such as statistics, probability, linear algebra, and calculus. Complete coverage of the generative approach to statistical pattern recognition and the discriminative approach to statistical machine learning. Includes MATLAB/Octave programs so that readers can test the algorithms numerically and acquire both mathematical and practical skills in a wide range of data analysis tasks Discusses a wide range of applications in machine learning and statistics and provides examples drawn from image processing, speech processing, natural language processing, robot control, as well as biology, medicine, astronomy, physics, and materials.
Posted in Computers

Introduction to Statistics and Data Analysis

Author: Roxy Peck,Chris Olsen,Jay L. Devore

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1305445961

Category: Mathematics

Page: 844

View: 2830

Roxy Peck, Chris Olsen, and Jay Devore's new edition uses real data and attention-grabbing examples to introduce students to the study of statistics and data analysis. Traditional in structure yet modern in approach, this text guides students through an intuition-based learning process that stresses interpretation and communication of statistical information. Simple notation--including frequent substitution of words for symbols--helps students grasp concepts and cement their comprehension. Hands-on activities and interactive applets allow students to practice statistics firsthand. INTRODUCTION TO STATISTICS AND DATA ANALYSIS includes updated coverage of most major technologies, as well as expanded coverage of probability. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
Posted in Mathematics

Pattern Recognition and Machine Learning

Author: Christopher M. Bishop

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781493938438

Category: Computers

Page: 738

View: 3469

This is the first textbook on pattern recognition to present the Bayesian viewpoint. The book presents approximate inference algorithms that permit fast approximate answers in situations where exact answers are not feasible. It uses graphical models to describe probability distributions when no other books apply graphical models to machine learning. No previous knowledge of pattern recognition or machine learning concepts is assumed. Familiarity with multivariate calculus and basic linear algebra is required, and some experience in the use of probabilities would be helpful though not essential as the book includes a self-contained introduction to basic probability theory.
Posted in Computers

Linear Models in Statistics

Author: Alvin C. Rencher,G. Bruce Schaalje

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470192607

Category: Mathematics

Page: 688

View: 7774

The essential introduction to the theory and application of linear models—now in a valuable new edition Since most advanced statistical tools are generalizations of the linear model, it is neces-sary to first master the linear model in order to move forward to more advanced concepts. The linear model remains the main tool of the applied statistician and is central to the training of any statistician regardless of whether the focus is applied or theoretical. This completely revised and updated new edition successfully develops the basic theory of linear models for regression, analysis of variance, analysis of covariance, and linear mixed models. Recent advances in the methodology related to linear mixed models, generalized linear models, and the Bayesian linear model are also addressed. Linear Models in Statistics, Second Edition includes full coverage of advanced topics, such as mixed and generalized linear models, Bayesian linear models, two-way models with empty cells, geometry of least squares, vector-matrix calculus, simultaneous inference, and logistic and nonlinear regression. Algebraic, geometrical, frequentist, and Bayesian approaches to both the inference of linear models and the analysis of variance are also illustrated. Through the expansion of relevant material and the inclusion of the latest technological developments in the field, this book provides readers with the theoretical foundation to correctly interpret computer software output as well as effectively use, customize, and understand linear models. This modern Second Edition features: New chapters on Bayesian linear models as well as random and mixed linear models Expanded discussion of two-way models with empty cells Additional sections on the geometry of least squares Updated coverage of simultaneous inference The book is complemented with easy-to-read proofs, real data sets, and an extensive bibliography. A thorough review of the requisite matrix algebra has been addedfor transitional purposes, and numerous theoretical and applied problems have been incorporated with selected answers provided at the end of the book. A related Web site includes additional data sets and SAS® code for all numerical examples. Linear Model in Statistics, Second Edition is a must-have book for courses in statistics, biostatistics, and mathematics at the upper-undergraduate and graduate levels. It is also an invaluable reference for researchers who need to gain a better understanding of regression and analysis of variance.
Posted in Mathematics