MPLS-Enabled Applications

Emerging Developments and New Technologies

Author: Ina Minei,Julian Lucek

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470751718

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 526

View: 4816

“Here at last is a single, all-encompassing resource where the myriad applications sharpen into a comprehensible text.” Kireeti Kompella, Juniper Fellow, Juniper Networks. The authoritative guide to MPLS, now in its second edition, fully updated with brand new material! Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS) is now considered the networking technology for carrying all types of network traffic, including voice telephony, real-time video, and data traffic. In MPLS-Enabled Applications, the Second Edition, the authors methodically show how MPLS holds the key to network convergence by allowing operators to offer more services over a single physical infrastructure. The Second Edition contains more than 150 illustrations, new chapters, and more coverage, guiding the reader from the basics of the technology, including signaling protocols, traffic engineering and fast reroute, though all its major applications. MPLS Enabled-Applications, Second Edition, contains comprehensive up-to-date coverage of: the current status and the future potential of all major MPLS applications, including L3VPNs (Layer 3 Virtual Private Networks), L2VPNs (Layer 2 Virtual Private Networks), pseudowires and VPLS . (Virtual Private LAN Service). extensive discussion of multicast support over MPLS, including a new chapter dedicated to multicast in VPNs, explaining both the PIM/GRE (Protocol Independent Multicast / Generic Routing Encapsulation) and the next generation BGP/MPLS solutions, new material on support of multicast in VPLS, a much-expanded chapter on MPLS multicast and a section perations and management (OAM) tools for point-to-multipoint LSPs. a new chapter on MPLS in access networks, as well as coverage of the use of MPLS in mobile and data communication networks. interoperation of LDP(Label Distribution Protocol) and BGP (Border Gateway Protocol) based VPLS. comprehensive coverage of the base technology, as well as the latest IETF drafts With a foreword by Yakov Rekhter
Posted in Technology & Engineering

MPLS-Enabled Applications

Emerging Developments and New Technologies

Author: Ina Minei,Julian Lucek

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470976136

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 632

View: 4611

With a foreword by Yakov Rekhter "Here at last is a single, all encompassing resource where the myriad applications sharpen into a comprehensible text that first explains the whys and whats of each application before going on to the technical detail of the hows." —Kireeti Kompella, CTO Junos, Juniper Networks The authoritative guide to MPLS, now in its Third edition, fully updated with brand new material! MPLS is now considered the networking technology for carrying all types of network traffic, including voice telephony, real-time video, and data traffic. In MPLS-Enabled Applications, Third Edition, the authors methodically show how MPLS holds the key to network convergence by allowing operators to offer more services over a single physical infrastructure. The Third Edition contains more than 170 illustrations, new chapters, and more coverage, guiding the reader from the basics of the technology, though all its major VPN applications. MPLS Enabled-Applications contains up-to-date coverage of: The current status and future potential of all major MPLS applications, including L2VPN, L3VPN, pseudowires and VPLS. A new chapter with up to date coverage of the MPLS transport profile, MPLS-TP. MPLS in access networks and Seamless MPLS, the new architecture for extending MPLS into the access, discussed in depth for both the unicast and the multicast case. Extensive coverage of multicast support in L3VPNs (mVPNs), explaining and comparing both the PIM/GRE and the next generation BGP/MPLS solutions, and including a new chapter on advanced topics in next generation multicast VPNs. A new chapter on advanced protection techniques, including detailed discussion of 50 ms end-to-end service restoration. Comprehensive coverage of the base technology, as well as the latest IETF drafts, including topics such as pseudowire redundancy, VPLS multihoming, IRB and P2MP pseudowires. MPLS-Enabled Applications will provide those involved in the design and deployment of MPLS systems, as well as those researching the area of MPLS networks, with a thoroughly modern view of how MPLS is transforming the networking world. "Essential new material for those trying to understand the next steps in MPLS." —Adrian Farrel, IETF Routing Area Director "MPLS-Enabled Applications takes a unique and creative approach in explaining MPLS concepts and how they are applied in practice to meet the needs of Enterprise and Service Provider networks. I consistently recommend this book to colleagues in the engineering, education and business community." —Dave Cooper, Chief IP Technologist, Global Crossing Ltd
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Deploying Next Generation Multicast-enabled Applications

Label Switched Multicast for MPLS VPNs, VPLS, and Wholesale Ethernet

Author: Vinod Joseph,Srinivas Mulugu

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0123849233

Category: Computers

Page: 545

View: 3709

"Provides detailed information on existing Multicast and MVPN standards, referred to as Next-Generation Multicast based standards, Multicast Applications, and case studies with detailed configurations"--Provided by publisher.
Posted in Computers

Designing and Implementing IP/MPLS-Based Ethernet Layer 2 VPN Services

An Advanced Guide for VPLS and VLL

Author: Zhuo Xu

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470730560

Category: Computers

Page: 984

View: 7546

A guide to designing and implementing VPLS services over an IP/MPLS switched service provider backbone Today's communication providers are looking for convenience, simplicity, and flexible bandwidth across wide area networks-but with the quality of service and control that is critical for business networking applications like video, voice and data. Carrier Ethernet VPN services based on VPLS makes this a reality. Virtual Private LAN Service (VPLS) is a pseudowire (PW) based, multipoint-to-multipoint layer 2 Ethernet VPN service provided by services providers By deploying a VPLS service to customers, the operator can focus on providing high throughput, highly available Ethernet bridging services and leave the layer 3 routing decision up to the customer. Virtual Private LAN Services (VPLS) is quickly becoming the number one choice for many enterprises and service providers to deploy data communication networks. Alcatel-Lucent VPLS solution enables service providers to offer enterprise customers the operational cost benefits of Ethernet with the predictable QoS characteristics of MPLS. Items Covered: Building Converged Service Networks with IP/MPLS VPN Technology IP/MPLS VPN Multi-Service Network Overview Using MPLS Label Switched Paths as Service Transport Tunnels Routing Protocol Traffi c Engineering and CSPF RSVP-TE Protocol MPLS Resiliency — Secondary LSP MPLS Resiliency — RSVP-TE LSP Fast Reroute Label Distribution Protocol IP/MPLS VPN Service Routing Architecture Virtual Leased Line Services Virtual Private LAN Service Hierarchical VPLS High Availability in an IP/MPLS VPN Network VLL Service Resiliency VPLS Service Resiliency VPLS BGP Auto-Discovery PBB-VPLS OAM in a VPLS Service Network
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MPLS in the SDN Era

Interoperable Scenarios to Make Networks Scale to New Services

Author: Antonio Sanchez Monge,Krzysztof Grzegorz Szarkowicz

Publisher: "O'Reilly Media, Inc."

ISBN: 1491905417

Category: Computers

Page: 920

View: 1588

How can you make multivendor services work smoothly on today’s complex networks? This practical book shows you how to deploy a large portfolio of multivendor Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS) services on networks, down to the configuration level. You’ll learn where Juniper Network's Junos, Cisco's IOS XR, and OpenContrail, interoperate and where they don’t. Two network and cloud professionals from Juniper describe how MPLS technologies and applications have rapidly evolved through services and architectures such as Ethernet VPNs, Network Function Virtualization, Seamless MPLS, Egress Protection, External Path Computation, and more. This book contains no vendor bias or corporate messages, just solid information on how to get a multivendor network to function optimally. Topics include: Introduction to MPLS and Software-Defined Networking (SDN) The four MPLS Builders (LDP, RSVP-TE, IGP SPRING, and BGP) Layer 3 unicast and multicast MPLS services, Layer 2 VPN, VPLS, and Ethernet VPN Inter-domain MPLS Services Underlay and overlay architectures: data centers, NVO, and NFV Centralized Traffic Engineering and TE bandwidth reservations Scaling MPLS transport and services Transit fast restoration based on the IGP and RSVP-TE FIB optimization and egress service for fast restoration
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Interdomain Multicast Routing

Practical Juniper Networks and Cisco Systems Solutions

Author: Brian M. Edwards,Leonard A. Giuliano,Brian R. Wright

Publisher: Addison-Wesley Professional

ISBN: 9780201746129

Category: Computers

Page: 356

View: 3846

Increasing numbers of ISPs have begun implementing multicast infrastructure. Soon the Internet will provide multicast connectivity between any two points on the Internet the way it provides for unicast traffic today. Long-evolving protocols are reaching maturity, and enterprise networks and ISPs around the world are ramping up their multicast infrastructure. Now, more than ever, network engineers must be ready to deal with new applications that capitalize on the simultaneous, efficient delivery of data and imagery to multiple recipients. "Interdomain Multicast Routing" is the key to unlocking the complexities of this growing technology. Starting with a summary of the technology and its relevant protocols, this book shows readers the big picture before revealing a detailed analysis of important protocols and the way they work with one another. Throughout, the authors focus on both Cisco Systems and Juniper Networks technology--the two leading vendors of routers and routing technology. Real-life examples are used to clearly illustrate key concepts. Specific topics covered in " Interdomain Multicast Routing " include: Background and in-depth analyses of multicast routing using PIM-SM and MSDPComparison of Any-Source and Source-Specific multicast delivery modelsExplanation of how MBGP and M-ISIS can be used side by side to build a dedicated multicast environmentA detailed breakdown of the differences between IGMP versions 1, 2, and 3A step-by-step guide to understanding the MSDP RPF-peer selection rulesLists of packet formats for IGMP, PIM, and MSDPA complete glossary that clarifies important terms and acronyms and provides their definitions Practical and thorough in coverage, "Interdomain Multicast Routing" is an important addition to any network engineer's bookshelf. 0201746123B04022002
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MPLS

technology and applications

Author: Bruce S. Davie,Yakov Rekhter

Publisher: Morgan Kaufmann Pub

ISBN: N.A

Category: Computers

Page: 287

View: 580

Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS) is now a widely deployed technology, which addresses a variety of issues, including traffic engineering, Quality of Service, Virtual Private Networks, and IP/ATM integration. MPLS: Technology and Applications is the first book that provides a detailed analysis of the architecture, protocols, and application of MPLS. Written by experts who personally authored key parts of the standard, this book will enable network operators and designers to determine which aspects of networks would benefit from MPLS. It is also a definitive reference for engineers implementing MPLS-based products. * Covers major applications of MPLS: traffic engineering, VPNs, IP/ATM integration, and QoS * Describes all the major protocols that comprise MPLS, including LDP, RSVP, and CR-LDP * Goes beyond the RFCs to explain how and why key design decisions were made * Provides a complete discussion of constraint-based routing
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Encyclopedia of Internet Technologies and Applications

Author: Freire, Mario

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1591409942

Category: Computers

Page: 750

View: 2050

Provides the most thorough examination of Internet technologies and applications for researchers in a variety of related fields. For the average Internet consumer, as well as for experts in the field of networking and Internet technologies.
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Network Mergers and Migrations

Junos Design and Implementation

Author: Gonzalo G?mez Herrero,Jan Ant?n Bernal van der Ven

Publisher: John Wiley and Sons

ISBN: 0470660171

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 566

View: 5373

This book provides you with guidelines to plan, design, roll out, and accomplish network migration activities with a variety of internetworking case studies. It considers both enterprise and service provider scenarios based on the expertise from Juniper Networks engineers. From Metro Ethernet migration approaches to comprehensive network protocol consolidation and integration, each case study covers JUNOS resources to ensure successful completion at each migration phase. In addition to an appendix of automation scripts and examples and guidelines for each step, the book also describes the modern challenges that evolve in IT networks.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

GMPLS

Architecture and Applications

Author: Adrian Farrel,Igor Bryskin

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080456472

Category: Computers

Page: 400

View: 1348

The last two years have seen significant developments in the standardization of GMPLS and its implementation in optical and other networks. GMPLS: Architecture and Applications brings you completely up to date, providing the practical information you need to put the growing set of GMPLS-supported services to work and manage them effectively. This book begins by defining GMPLS’s place in a transport network, leveraging your knowledge of MPLS to give you an understanding of this radically new control plane technology. An overview of GMPLS protocols follows, but the real focus is on what comes afterwards: in-depth examinations of the architectures underpinning GMPLS in real-world network environments and current and emerging GMPLS applications. This one-of-a-kind resource delivers immensely useful information for software architects, designers and programmers, hardware developers, system testers, and network operators--and also for managers and other decision-makers. Written by two industry researchers at the forefront of the development of GMPLS. Provides a practical look at GMPLS protocols for signaling, routing, link and resource management, and traffic engineering. Delves deep into the world of GMPLS applications, including traffic engineering, path computation, layer one VPNs, point-to-multipoint connectivity, service management, and resource protection. Explores three distinct GMPLS control plane architectures: peer, overlay, and hybrid, and explains the GMPLS UNI and NNIs. Explains how provisioning challenges can be met in multi-region networks and details the provisioning systems and tools relied on by the GMPLS control plane, along with the standard MIB modules used to manage a GMPLS system.
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Rick Gallahers MPLS Training Guide

Building Multi Protocol Label Switching Networks

Author: Syngress

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080480718

Category: Computers

Page: 400

View: 6288

Rick Gallahers MPLS Training Guide introduces readers to mpls concepts, installation, migration, operation, inspection, and troubleshooting. It discusses specific router and switch platforms and includes such topics as frame-mode mpls, cell-mode mpls, label distribution protocol, tag distribution protocol, label distribution protocol migration, mpls configuration, traffic engineering, mpls vpns, mpls vpn deployment models, mpls vpn routing protocol support, multi-protocol bgp, mpls vpn configurations, mpls vpn integration, and mpls vpn management. Readers will find complete ready-to-use configurations for routers Shows how to implement MPLS traffic engineering on a core network and optimize traffic Great for users studying for Cisco's Implementing Cisco MPLS exam, 640-910 and written by a Cisco internetworking expert who knows everything about MPLS Includes coverage of Cisco Systems' newly released (October 7, 2002) Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS) Bandwidth Protection software package. The new architecture uses MPLS Traffic Engineering Fast Reroute and an offline application called Tunnel Builder Pro to increase resiliency at a network-wide level Includes updated coverage of MPLS and GMPLS
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Interconnections

Bridges, Routers, Switches, and Internetworking Protocols

Author: Radia Perlman

Publisher: Addison-Wesley Professional

ISBN: 9780201634488

Category: Computers

Page: 537

View: 1862

Perlman, a bestselling author and senior consulting engineer for Sun Microsystems, provides insight for building more robust, reliable, secure and manageable networks. Coverage also includes routing and addressing strategies, VLANs, multicasting, IPv6, and more.
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Developing IP-Based Services

Solutions for Service Providers and Vendors

Author: Monique Morrow,Kateel Vijayananda

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080504131

Category: Computers

Page: 313

View: 481

Offering new services is a great way for your organization to drive traffic and boost revenue, and what better foundation for these services than IP? This much is a given. The difficulty is uniting business and technical perspectives in a cohesive development and deployment process. Meeting this challenge is the focus of Developing IP-Based Services. The only book of its kind devoted exclusively to IP-based services, it provides a blueprint for all the engineers, managers, and analysts who must come together to build these services and bring them online. Inside, you'll find just the right balance of business and technical coverage, introduced with a lucid discussion of the principles of service development and wrapped up with three case studies illustrating effective provisioning in today's marketplace. Read the chapters relating to your role, and you'll play it more successfully. Have your team read the entire book, and you'll achieve a level of collaboration and shared understanding that will quickly accrue to the bottom line. * Valuable insight from authors with extensive service provisioning and product development experience. * Written for business and technical readers at a wide range of companies, including established telecoms, ISPs, ASPs, Clecs, bandwidth brokers, and vendors. * Probes the business issues that will make or break your effort, including shortening the development cycle and choosing a competitive model. * Provides the technical coverage required for successful implementation, according to the terms of the business model you choose. * Focuses on the IP technologies that offer your service and its users the greatest value, including MPLS, Voice Over IP, and multicast. * Helps you meet tough challenges relating to security and Quality of Service. * Concludes with case studies illustrating successful service development and deployment in three companies.
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Metro Ethernet

Author: Sam Halabi,Bassam Halabi

Publisher: Cisco Press

ISBN: 9781587050961

Category: Computers

Page: 222

View: 8313

& Discover the latest developments in Metro networking, Ethernet, and MPLS services and what they can do for your organization. & & Learn from the easy-to-read format that enables networking professionals of all levels to understand the concepts. & & Gain from the experience of industry innovator and best-selling Cisco Press author, Sam Halabi, author of Internet Routing Architectures.
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Foundations of Modern Networking

SDN, NFV, QoE, IoT, and Cloud

Author: William Stallings

Publisher: Addison-Wesley Professional

ISBN: 0134176022

Category: Computers

Page: 544

View: 7773

Foundations of Modern Networking is a comprehensive, unified survey of modern networking technology and applications for today’s professionals, managers, and students. Dr. William Stallings offers clear and well-organized coverage of five key technologies that are transforming networks: Software-Defined Networks (SDN), Network Functions Virtualization (NFV), Quality of Experience (QoE), the Internet of Things (IoT), and cloudbased services. Dr. Stallings reviews current network ecosystems and the challenges they face–from Big Data and mobility to security and complexity. Next, he offers complete, self-contained coverage of each new set of technologies: how they work, how they are architected, and how they can be applied to solve real problems. Dr. Stallings presents a chapter-length analysis of emerging security issues in modern networks. He concludes with an up-to date discussion of networking careers, including important recent changes in roles and skill requirements. Coverage: Elements of the modern networking ecosystem: technologies, architecture, services, and applications Evolving requirements of current network environments SDN: concepts, rationale, applications, and standards across data, control, and application planes OpenFlow, OpenDaylight, and other key SDN technologies Network functions virtualization: concepts, technology, applications, and software defined infrastructure Ensuring customer Quality of Experience (QoE) with interactive video and multimedia network traffic Cloud networking: services, deployment models, architecture, and linkages to SDN and NFV IoT and fog computing in depth: key components of IoT-enabled devices, model architectures, and example implementations Securing SDN, NFV, cloud, and IoT environments Career preparation and ongoing education for tomorrow’s networking careers Key Features: Strong coverage of unifying principles and practical techniques More than a hundred figures that clarify key concepts Web support at williamstallings.com/Network/ QR codes throughout, linking to the website and other resources Keyword/acronym lists, recommended readings, and glossary Margin note definitions of key words throughout the text
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Handbook of Fiber Optic Data Communication

A Practical Guide to Optical Networking

Author: Casimer DeCusatis

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0124016952

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 468

View: 3061

The 4th edition of this popular Handbook continues to provide an easy-to-use guide to the many exciting new developments in the field of optical fiber data communications. With 90% new content, this edition contains all new material describing the transformation of the modern data communications network, both within the data center and over extended distances between data centers, along with best practices for the design of highly virtualized, converged, energy efficient, secure, and flattened network infrastructures. Key topics include networks for cloud computing, software defined networking, integrated and embedded networking appliances, and low latency networks for financial trading or other time-sensitive applications. Network architectures from the leading vendors are outlined (including Smart Analytic Solutions, Qfabric, FabricPath, and Exadata) as well as the latest revisions to industry standards for interoperable networks, including lossless Ethernet, 16G Fiber Channel, RoCE, FCoE, TRILL, IEEE 802.1Qbg, and more. Written by experts from IBM, HP, Dell, Cisco, Ciena, and Sun/ Oracle Case studies and ‘How to...’ demonstrations on a wide range of topics, including Optical Ethernet, next generation Internet, RDMA and Fiber Channel over Ethernet Quick reference tables of all the key optical network parameters for protocols like ESCON, FICON, and SONET/ATM and a glossary of technical terms and acronyms
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Building Switched Networks

Multilayer Switching, QoS, IP Multicast, Network Policy, and Service Level Agreements

Author: Darryl P. Black

Publisher: Addison-Wesley Professional

ISBN: N.A

Category: Computers

Page: 298

View: 3538

In order to work with today's networks that handle integrated text, data, and interactive voice and video, you must possess a thorough understanding of switches and the newest technologies that make sophisticated network services possible. "Building Switched Networks" provides a comprehensive, technical survey of the networking technologies that comprise the core of evolving LAN and WAN infrastructures. This book gives you essential background information, clear descriptions of relevant technologies, and an understanding of how those technologies will be employed throughout networks in the near future. In particular, the text focuses on developments that support our increasing demand for network bandwidth--multilayer switching, delivery guarantees, and multicasting--and examines performance issues, resource allocation, network policy, and network services. Using a ground-up approach, the book begins with network demands, examines various kinds of available switches, and progresses to the state-of-the-art technologies that are quickly permeating our networking infrastructure. Specifically, you will learn about: Virtual LANs and the 802.1Q and 802.1p standards Layer-2, Layer-3, and Layer-4 switching The emerging Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS) standard Quality of Service (QoS), delivery guarantees based on specified parameters, and resource management Class of Service (COS) priority queuing techniques IP multicast--a key technology for enabling networks to scale Service Level Agreements (SLAs) that formalize service characteristics Network Policy, with a discussion of Directory Enabled Networking (DEN) and the Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP) Emerging sophisticated network services made possible by the above technologies, including Virtual Private Networks (VPNs) and Voice over IP (VoIP) "Building Switched Networks" then widens the scope of discussion beyond the details of these technologies to examine the demands that will be placed on networks in the future and successful management strategies for meeting those demands. 0201379538B04062001
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Troubleshooting Virtual Private Networks

Author: Mark Lewis

Publisher: Cisco Press

ISBN: 9781587051043

Category: Computers

Page: 808

View: 4067

& Learn the troubleshooting techniques that every IT professional running a Virtual Private Network (VPN) must master & & Experience real-world solutions through practice scenarios in each chapter & & An essential workplace reference guide for every VPN management site
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Traffic Engineering with MPLS

Author: Eric D. Osborne,Ajay Simha

Publisher: Cisco Press

ISBN: 9781587050312

Category: Computers

Page: 587

View: 4945

Design, configure, and manage MPLS TE to optimize network performance Almost every busy network backbone has some congested links while others remain underutilized. That's because shortest-path routing protocols send traffic down the path that is shortest without considering other network parameters, such as utilization and traffic demands. Using Traffic Engineering (TE), network operators can redistribute packet flows to attain more uniform distribution across all links. Forcing traffic onto specific pathways allows you to get the most out of your existing network capacity while making it easier to deliver consistent service levels to customers at the same time. Cisco(r) Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS) lends efficiency to very large networks, and is the most effective way to implement TE. MPLS TE routes traffic flows across the network by aligning resources required by a given flow with actual backbone capacity and topology. This constraint-based routing approach feeds the network route traffic down one or more pathways, preventing unexpected congestion and enabling recovery from link or node failures. Traffic Engineering with MPLS provides you with information on how to use MPLS TE and associated features to maximize network bandwidth. This book focuses on real-world applications, from design scenarios to feature configurations to tools that can be used in managing and troubleshooting MPLS TE. Assuming some familiarity with basic label operations, this guide focuses mainly on the operational aspects of MPLS TE-how the various pieces work and how to configure and troubleshoot them. Additionally, this book addresses design and scalability issues along with extensive deployment tips to help you roll out MPLS TE on your own network. Understand the background of TE and MPLS, and brush up on MPLS forwarding basics Learn about router information distribution and how to bring up MPLS TE tunnels in a network Understand MPLS TE's Constrained Shortest Path First (CSPF) and mechanisms you can use to influence CSPF's path calculation Use the Resource Reservation Protocol (RSVP) to implement Label-Switched Path setup Use various mechanisms to forward traffic down a tunnel Integrate MPLS into the IP quality of service (QoS) spectrum of services Utilize Fast Reroute (FRR) to mitigate packet loss associated with link and node failures Understand Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP)-based measurement and accounting services that are available for MPLS Evaluate design scenarios for scalable MPLS TE deployments Manage MPLS TE networks by examining common configuration mistakes and utilizing tools for troubleshooting MPLS TE problems "Eric and Ajay work in the development group at Cisco that built Traffic Engineering. They are among those with the greatest hands-on experience with this application. This book is the product of their experience." -George Swallow, Cisco Systems, Architect for Traffic Engineering Co-Chair, IETF MPLS Working Group Eric Osborne, CCIE(r) #4122, has been doing Internet engineering of one sort or another since 1995. He joined Cisco in 1998 to work in the Cisco Technical Assistance Center (TAC), moved from there to the ISP Expert team and then to the MPLS Deployment team. He has been involved in MPLS since the Cisco IOS(r) Software Release 11.1CT days. Ajay Simha, CCIE #2970, joined the Cisco TAC in 1996. He then went on to support tier 1 and 2 ISPs as part of Cisco's ISP Expert team. Ajay has been working as an MPLS deployment engineer since October 1999, and he has first-hand experience in
Posted in Computers