Modern Mathematical Tools and Techniques in Capturing Complexity

Author: Leandro Pardo,Narayanaswamy Balakrishnan,Maria Angeles Gil

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3642208533

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 514

View: 7353

Real-life problems are often quite complicated in form and nature and, for centuries, many different mathematical concepts, ideas and tools have been developed to formulate these problems theoretically and then to solve them either exactly or approximately. This book aims to gather a collection of papers dealing with several different problems arising from many disciplines and some modern mathematical approaches to handle them. In this respect, the book offers a wide overview on many of the current trends in Mathematics as valuable formal techniques in capturing and exploiting the complexity involved in real-world situations. Several researchers, colleagues, friends and students of Professor María Luisa Menéndez have contributed to this volume to pay tribute to her and to recognize the diverse contributions she had made to the fields of Mathematics and Statistics and to the profession in general. She had a sweet and strong personality, and instilled great values and work ethics in her students through her dedication to teaching and research. Even though the academic community lost her prematurely, she would continue to provide inspiration to many students and researchers worldwide through her published work.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Strengthening Links Between Data Analysis and Soft Computing

Author: Przemyslaw Grzegorzewski,Marek Gagolewski,Olgierd Hryniewicz,María Ángeles Gil

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319107658

Category: Computers

Page: 294

View: 1539

This book gathers contributions presented at the 7th International Conference on Soft Methods in Probability and Statistics SMPS 2014, held in Warsaw (Poland) on September 22-24, 2014. Its aim is to present recent results illustrating new trends in intelligent data analysis. It gives a comprehensive overview of current research into the fusion of soft computing methods with probability and statistics. Synergies of both fields might improve intelligent data analysis methods in terms of robustness to noise and applicability to larger datasets, while being able to efficiently obtain understandable solutions of real-world problems.
Posted in Computers

The Mathematics of the Uncertain

A Tribute to Pedro Gil

Author: Eduardo Gil,Eva Gil,Juan Gil,María Ángeles Gil

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319738488

Category: Computers

Page: 917

View: 8929

This book is a tribute to Professor Pedro Gil, who created the Department of Statistics, OR and TM at the University of Oviedo, and a former President of the Spanish Society of Statistics and OR (SEIO). In more than eighty original contributions, it illustrates the extent to which Mathematics can help manage uncertainty, a factor that is inherent to real life. Today it goes without saying that, in order to model experiments and systems and to analyze related outcomes and data, it is necessary to consider formal ideas and develop scientific approaches and techniques for dealing with uncertainty. Mathematics is crucial in this endeavor, as this book demonstrates. As Professor Pedro Gil highlighted twenty years ago, there are several well-known mathematical branches for this purpose, including Mathematics of chance (Probability and Statistics), Mathematics of communication (Information Theory), and Mathematics of imprecision (Fuzzy Sets Theory and others). These branches often intertwine, since different sources of uncertainty can coexist, and they are not exhaustive. While most of the papers presented here address the three aforementioned fields, some hail from other Mathematical disciplines such as Operations Research; others, in turn, put the spotlight on real-world studies and applications. The intended audience of this book is mainly statisticians, mathematicians and computer scientists, but practitioners in these areas will certainly also find the book a very interesting read.
Posted in Computers

Numerical Methods for Hyperbolic Equations

Author: Elena Vázquez-Cendón,Arturo Hidalgo,Pilar Garcia Navarro,Luis Cea

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 041562150X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 434

View: 2353

Numerical Methods for Hyperbolic Equations is a collection of 49 articles presented at the International Conference on Numerical Methods for Hyperbolic Equations: Theory and Applications (Santiago de Compostela, Spain, 4-8 July 2011). The conference was organized to honour Professor Eleuterio Toro in the month of his 65th birthday. The topics covered include: • Recent advances in the numerical computation of environmental conservation laws with source terms • Multiphase flow and porous media • Numerical methods in astrophysics • Seismology and geophysics modelling • High order methods for hyperbolic conservation laws • Numerical methods for reactive flows • Finite volume and discontinous Galerkin schemes for stiff source term problems • Methods and models for biomedical problems • Numerical methods for reactive flows The research interest of Eleuterio Toro, born in Chile on 16th July 1946, is reflected in Numerical Methods for Hyperbolic Equations, and focuses on: numerical methods for partial differential equations, with particular emphasis on methods for hyperbolic equations; design and application of new algorithms; hyperbolic partial differential equations as mathematical models of various types of processes; mathematical modelling and simulation of physico/chemical processes that include wave propagation phenomena; modelling of multiphase flows; application of models and methods to real problems. Eleuterio Toro received several honours and distinctions, including the honorary title OBE from Queen Elizabeth II (Buckingham Palace, London 2000); Distinguished Citizen of the City of Carahue (Chile, 2001); Life Fellow, Claire Hall, University of Cambridge (UK, 2003); Fellow of the Indian Society for Shock Wave Research (Bangalore, 2005); Doctor Honoris Causa (Universidad de Santiago de Chile, 2008); William Penney Fellow, University of Cambridge (UK, 2010); Doctor Honoris Causa (Universidad de la Frontera, Chile, 2012). Professor Toro is author of two books, editor of two books and author of more than 260 research works. In the last ten years he has been invited and keynote speaker in more than 100 scientific events. Professor Toro has held many visiting appointments round the world, which include several European countries, Japan, China and USA.
Posted in Mathematics

Handbook of Research Methods in Social and Personality Psychology

Author: Harry T. Reis,Charles M. Judd

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139867369

Category: Psychology

Page: N.A

View: 4110

This indispensable sourcebook covers conceptual and practical issues in research design in the field of social and personality psychology. Key experts address specific methods and areas of research, contributing to a comprehensive overview of contemporary practice. This updated and expanded second edition offers current commentary on social and personality psychology, reflecting the rapid development of this dynamic area of research over the past decade. With the help of this up-to-date text, both seasoned and beginning social psychologists will be able to explore the various tools and methods available to them in their research as they craft experiments and imagine new methodological possibilities.
Posted in Psychology

Sound Systems: Design and Optimization

Modern Techniques and Tools for Sound System Design and Alignment

Author: Bob McCarthy

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1136123970

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 528

View: 4886

With this definitive guide to sound reinforcement design and optimization, Bob McCarthy shares his expert knowledge and effective methodology developed from decades of field and teaching experience. This book is written for the field professional as well as the consultant or student, in a clear and easy-to-read style and illustrated with color diagrams and screenshots throughout. McCarthy's unique guide reveals the proven techniques to ensure that your sound system design can be optimized for maximum uniformity over the space. The book follows the audio signal path from the mix console to the audience and provides comprehensive information as to how the sound is spread over the listening area. The complex nature of the physics of speaker interaction over a listening space is revealed in terms readily understandable to audio professionals. Complex speaker arrays are broken down systematically and the means to design systems that are capable of being fully optimized for maximum spatial uniformity is shown. The methods of alignment are shown, including measurement mic placement, and step-by-step recipes for equalization, delay setting, level setting, speaker positioning and acoustic treatment. These principles and techniques are applicable to the simplest and most complex systems alike, from the single speaker to the multi-element "line array.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Nostradamus: Modern Methods of Prediction, Modeling and Analysis of Nonlinear Systems

Author: Ivan Zelinka,Otto E. Rössler,Václav Snásel,Ajith Abraham,Emilio S. Corchado

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642332277

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 283

View: 366

This proceeding book of Nostradamus conference (http://nostradamus-conference.org) contains accepted papers presented at this event in 2012. Nostradamus conference was held in the one of the biggest and historic city of Ostrava (the Czech Republic, http://www.ostrava.cz/en), in September 2012. Conference topics are focused on classical as well as modern methods for prediction of dynamical systems with applications in science, engineering and economy. Topics are (but not limited to): prediction by classical and novel methods, predictive control, deterministic chaos and its control, complex systems, modelling and prediction of its dynamics and much more.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Complexity

Theory and Applications

Author: Nam P. Suh

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0195178769

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 300

View: 8671

Nam P. Suh focussed his axiomatic design theories on methods to understand and deal with complexity. Suh is a well-respected designer and researcher in the fields of manufacturing and composite materials. He is best known for his systems that aim to speed up and simplify the process of design for manufacturing. The 'axioms' in axiomatic design refer to a process to help engineers reduce design specifications down to their simplest components, so that the engineers can produce the simplest possible solution to a problem. Complexity, besides being a key area of burgeoning research in disciplines interested in complex systems and chaos theory (like computer science and physics), is a complicating factor in engineering design that many engineers find difficult to overcome. Suh's multidisciplinary exploration of complex systems is meant to eliminate much of the confusion and allow engineers to accommodate complexity within simple, elegant design solutions.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Advances in Intelligent Systems

Author: Francesco Carlo Morabito

Publisher: IOS Press

ISBN: 9789051993554

Category: Computers

Page: 546

View: 1245

Intelligent Systems can be defined as systems whose design, mainly based on computational techniques, is supported, in some parts, by operations and processing skills inspired by human reasoning and behaviour. Intelligent Systems must typically operate in a scenario in which non-linearities are the rule and not as a disturbing effect to be corrected. Finally, Intelligent Systems also have to incorporate advanced sensory technology in order to simplify man-machine interactions. Several algorithms are currently the ordinary tools of Intelligent Systems. This book contains a selection of contributions regarding Intelligent Systems by experts in diverse fields. Topics discussed in the book are: Applications of Intelligent Systems in Modelling and Prediction of Environmental Changes, Cellular Neural Networks for NonLinear Filtering, NNs for Signal Processing, Image Processing, Transportation Intelligent Systems, Intelligent Techniques in Power Electronics, Applications in Medicine and Surgery, Hardware Implementation and Learning of NNs.
Posted in Computers

Computational Paleontology

Author: Ashraf M.T. Elewa

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642162711

Category: Science

Page: 229

View: 303

Computational paleontology is simply a term applied to using computers and its facilities in the field of paleontology. However, we should be exactly precise in describing the term through explaining the main themes of this motivating and attractive scientific field. The uppermost aim of this book is to explain how computation could be competent in fetching fossils to life and the past to present. Computers for paleontologists save time and costs, interpret mysterious events precisely and accurately, visualize the ancient life definitely and undeniably.
Posted in Science

Postmoderne Ethik

Author: Zygmunt Bauman

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783868542066

Category: Postmoderne - Ethik

Page: 380

View: 3994

Posted in Postmoderne - Ethik

21st Century Economics: A Reference Handbook

Author: Rhona C. Free

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412961424

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 1000

View: 6538

Interest in economics is at an all-time high. Among the challenges facing the nation is an economy with rapidly rising unemployment, failures of major businesses and industries, and continued dependence on oil with its wildly fluctuating price. Americans are debating the proper role of the government in company bailouts, the effectiveness of tax cuts versus increased government spending to stimulate the economy, and potential effects of deflation. Economists have dealt with such questions for generations, but they have taken on new meaning and significance. Tackling these questions and encompassing analysis of traditional economic theory and topics as well as those that economists have only more recently addressed, 21st Century Economics: A Reference Handbook is intended to meet the needs of several types of readers. Undergraduate students preparing for exams will find summaries of theory and models in key areas of micro and macroeconomics. Readers interested in learning about economic analysis of an issue as well students embarking on research projects will find introductions to relevant theory and empirical evidence. And economists seeking to learn about extensions of analysis into new areas or about new approaches will benefit from chapters that introduce cutting-edge topics. To make the book accessible to undergraduate students, models have been presented only in graphical format (minimal calculus) and empirical evidence has been summarized in ways that do not require much background in statistics or econometrics. It is thereby hoped that chapters will provide both crucial information and inspiration in a non-threatening, highly readable format.
Posted in Business & Economics

Die Wissenschaften vom Künstlichen

Author: Herbert A. Simon

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783709193839

Category: Computers

Page: 241

View: 9501

Die Wissenschaften vom Künstlichen von Herbert A. Simon gilt seit dem Erscheinen der ersten Ausgabe im Jahr 1969 als "Klassiker" der Literatur zum Thema Künstliche Intelligenz. Simon hat zusammen mit den Computerwissenschaftlern Allen Newell, Marvin Minsky und John McCarthy Mitte der fünfziger Jahre das so bezeichnete - von Alan Turing antizipierte - Forschungsgebiet der Computerwissenschaft und der Psychologie ins Leben gerufen. Seine herausragende, allgemeinverständliche Darstellung von Grundüberlegungen und philosophischen Aspekten der Künstlichen Intelligenz ist heute aktueller denn je, nicht nur wegen der ständig zunehmenden Bedeutung der Forschung und Entwicklung auf diesem Gebiet, sondern auch aufgrund des verbreiteten Mangels an Grundkenntnissen für eine kritische Auseinandersetzung mit der Künstlichen Intelligenz.
Posted in Computers

Chaos, Complexity, and Sociology

Myths, Models, and Theories

Author: Raymond A. Eve,Sara Horsfall,Mary E. Lee

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761908906

Category: Social Science

Page: 328

View: 7922

The authors of this volume provide a timely collection of articles which examine the emerging myths and theories surrounding the study of chaos and complexity. In the second part methodological matters are considered. Finally, conceptual models and applications are presented. This perceptive and thorough volume will be useful to sociologists and others interested in chaos and complexity theory.
Posted in Social Science

Handbook of Applied Hydrology, Second Edition

Author: Vijay P. Singh

Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional

ISBN: 0071835105

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1808

View: 5034

Fully Updated Hydrology Principles, Methods, and Applications Thoroughly revised for the first time in 50 years, this industry-standard resource features chapter contributions from a “who’s who” of international hydrology experts. Compiled by a colleague of the late Dr. Chow, Chow’s Handbook of Applied Hydrology, Second Edition, covers scientific and engineering fundamentals and presents all-new methods, processes, and technologies. Complete details are provided for the full range of ecosystems and models. Advanced chapters look to the future of hydrology, including climate change impacts, extraterrestrial water, social hydrology, and water security. Chow’s Handbook of Applied Hydrology, Second Edition, covers: · The Fundamentals of Hydrology · Data Collection and Processing · Hydrology Methods · Hydrologic Processes and Modeling · Sediment and Pollutant Transport · Hydrometeorologic and Hydrologic Extremes · Systems Hydrology · Hydrology of Large River and Lake Basins · Applications and Design · The Future of Hydrology
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Data mining

praktische Werkzeuge und Techniken für das maschinelle Lernen

Author: Ian H. Witten,Eibe Frank

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783446215337

Category:

Page: 386

View: 6060

Posted in

The Design of Everyday Things

Psychologie und Design der alltäglichen Dinge

Author: Norman Don

Publisher: Vahlen

ISBN: 3800648105

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 320

View: 1494

Apple, Audi, Braun oder Samsung machen es vor: Gutes Design ist heute eine kritische Voraussetzung für erfolgreiche Produkte. Dieser Klassiker beschreibt die fundamentalen Prinzipien, um Dinge des täglichen Gebrauchs umzuwandeln in unterhaltsame und zufriedenstellende Produkte. Don Norman fordert ein Zusammenspiel von Mensch und Technologie mit dem Ziel, dass Designer und Produktentwickler die Bedürfnisse, Fähigkeiten und Handlungsweisen der Nutzer in den Vordergrund stellen und Designs an diesen angepasst werden. The Design of Everyday Things ist eine informative und spannende Einführung für Designer, Marketer, Produktentwickler und für alle an gutem Design interessierten Menschen. Zum Autor Don Norman ist emeritierter Professor für Kognitionswissenschaften. Er lehrte an der University of California in San Diego und der Northwest University in Illinois. Mitte der Neunzigerjahre leitete Don Norman die Advanced Technology Group bei Apple. Dort prägte er den Begriff der User Experience, um über die reine Benutzbarkeit hinaus eine ganzheitliche Erfahrung der Anwender im Umgang mit Technik in den Vordergrund zu stellen. Norman ist Mitbegründer der Beratungsfirma Nielsen Norman Group und hat unter anderem Autohersteller von BMW bis Toyota beraten. „Keiner kommt an Don Norman vorbei, wenn es um Fragen zu einem Design geht, das sich am Menschen orientiert.“ Brand Eins 7/2013 „Design ist einer der wichtigsten Wettbewerbsvorteile. Dieses Buch macht Spaß zu lesen und ist von größter Bedeutung.” Tom Peters, Co-Autor von „Auf der Suche nach Spitzenleistungen“
Posted in Business & Economics