Modern Humans

Their African Origin and Global Dispersal

Author: John F. Hoffecker

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231543743

Category: Science

Page: 544

View: 6766

Modern Humans is a vivid account of the most recent—and perhaps the most important—phase of human evolution: the appearance of anatomically modern people (Homo sapiens) in Africa less than half a million years ago and their later spread throughout the world. Leaving no stone unturned, John F. Hoffecker demonstrates that Homo sapiens represents a “major transition” in the evolution of living systems in terms of fundamental changes in the role of non-genetic information. Modern Humans synthesizes recent findings from genetics (including the rapidly growing body of ancient DNA), the human fossil record, and archaeology relating to the African origin and global dispersal of anatomically modern people. Hoffecker places humans in the broad context of the evolution of life, emphasizing the critical role of genetic and non-genetic forms of information in living systems as well as how changes in the storage, transmission, and translation of information underlie major transitions in evolution. He also draws on information and complexity theory to explain the emergence of Homo sapiens in Africa several hundred thousand years ago and the rapid and unprecedented spread of our species into a variety of environments in Australia and Eurasia, including the Arctic and Beringia, beginning between 75,000 and 60,000 years ago. This magisterial work will appeal to all with an interest in the ever-fascinating field of human evolution.
Posted in Science

The Origin of Modern Humans

Author: Roger Lewin

Publisher: Times Books

ISBN: 9780716760238

Category: Social Science

Page: 204

View: 5715

The tools used to unearth the facts of our prehistoric past have not always been tangible. Each fossil discovery and new methods of analysis is met with an avalanche of debate, alternate interpretations, and the refutation of competing theories. This text is a concise and provocative look at some answers to the question " Where did we come from? " .
Posted in Social Science

Neanderthals and Modern Humans

An Ecological and Evolutionary Perspective

Author: Clive Finlayson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139449717

Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

View: 7939

Neanderthals and Modern Humans develops the theme of the close relationship between climate change, ecological change and biogeographical patterns in humans during the Pleistocene. In particular, it challenges the view that Modern Human 'superiority' caused the extinction of the Neanderthals between 40 and 30 thousand years ago. Clive Finlayson shows that to understand human evolution, the spread of humankind across the world and the extinction of archaic populations, we must move away from a purely theoretical evolutionary ecology base and realise the importance of wider biogeographic patterns including the role of tropical and temperate refugia. His proposal is that Neanderthals became extinct because their world changed faster than they could cope with, and that their relationship with the arriving Modern Humans, where they met, was subtle.
Posted in Social Science

The Origins of Modern Humans

Biology Reconsidered

Author: Fred H. Smith,James C. Ahern

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118659902

Category: Science

Page: 480

View: 5130

This update to the award-winning The Origins of Modern Humans: A World Survey of the Fossil Evidence covers the most accepted common theories concerning the emergence of modern Homo sapiens—adding fresh insight from top young scholars on the key new discoveries of the past 25 years. The Origins of Modern Humans: Biology Reconsidered allows field leaders to discuss and assess the assemblage of hominid fossil material in each region of the world during the Pleistocene epoch. It features new fossil and molecular evidence, such as the evolutionary inferences drawn from assessments of modern humans and large segments of the Neandertal genome. It also addresses the impact of digital imagery and the more sophisticated morphometrics that have entered the analytical fray since 1984. Beginning with a thoughtful introduction by the authors on modern human origins, the book offers such insightful chapter contributions as: Africa: The Cradle of Modern People Crossroads of the Old World: Late Hominin Evolution in Western Asia A River Runs through It: Modern Human Origins in East Asia Perspectives on the Origins of Modern Australians Modern Human Origins in Central Europe The Makers of the Early Upper Paleolithic in Western Eurasia Neandertal Craniofacial Growth and Development and Its Relevance for Modern Human Origins Energetics and the Origin of Modern Humans Understanding Human Cranial Variation in Light of Modern Human Origins The Relevance of Archaic Genomes to Modern Human Origins The Process of Modern Human Origins: The Evolutionary and Demographic Changes Giving Rise to Modern Humans The Paleobiology of Modern Human Emergence Elegant and thought provoking, The Origins of Modern Humans: Biology Reconsidered is an ideal read for students, grad students, and professionals in human evolution and paleoanthropology.
Posted in Science

Who We Are and How We Got Here

Ancient DNA and the New Science of the Human Past

Author: David Reich

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198821255

Category: DNA

Page: 368

View: 6961

David Reich describes how the revolution in the ability to sequence ancient DNA has changed our understanding of the deep human past. This book tells the emerging story of our often surprising ancestry - the extraordinary ancient migrations and mixtures of populations that have made us who we are.
Posted in DNA

Human Evolution

Trails from the Past

Author: Camilo J. Cela-Conde,Francisco J. Ayala

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198567804

Category: Nature

Page: 437

View: 800

This book is intended as a comprehensive overview of hominid evolution, synthesising data and approaches from physical anthropology, genetics, archaeology, psychology and philosophy. Human evolution courses are now widespread and this book has the potential to satisfy the requirements of most, particularly at the advanced undergraduate and graduate level. It is based on a translation, albeit with substantial modification, of a successful Spanish language book.
Posted in Nature

The Evolution of Modern Humans in Africa

A Comprehensive Guide

Author: Pamela R. Willoughby

Publisher: Rowman Altamira

ISBN: 9780759101197

Category: History

Page: 439

View: 2770

A fascinating, detailed study of the origins of modern humans. Includes material from Willoughby's own research in Tanzania.
Posted in History

Neandertals and Modern Humans in Western Asia

Author: Takeru Akazawa,Kenichi Aoki,Ofer Bar-Yosef

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0306471531

Category: Social Science

Page: 539

View: 1870

In this fascinating volume, the Middle Paleolithic archaeology of the Middle East is brought to the current debate on the origins of modern humans. These collected papers gather the most up-to-date archaeological discoveries of Western Asia - a region that is often overshadowed by African or European findings - but the only region in the world where both Neandertal and early modern human fossils have been found. The collection includes reports on such well known cave sites as Kebara, Hayonim, and Qafzeh, among others. The information and interpretations available here are a must for any serious researcher or student of anthropology or human evolution.
Posted in Social Science

Origins of Anatomically Modern Humans

Author: Doris V. Nitecki,Matthew H. Nitecki

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1489915079

Category: Social Science

Page: 341

View: 2954

This volume is based on the Field Museum of Natural History Spring System atics Symposium held in Chicago on May 11, 1991. The financial support of Ray and Jean Auel and of the Field Museum is gratefully acknowledged. When we teach or write, we present only those elements that support our arguments. We avoid all weak points of our debate and all the uncer tainties of our models. Thus, we offer hypotheses as facts. Multiauthored books like ours, which simultaneously advocate and question diverse views, avoid the pitfalls and lessen the impact of indoctrination. In this volume we analyze the anthropological and biological disagreements and the positions taken on the origins of modern humans, point out difficultieswith the inter pretations, and suggest that the concept of the human origin can be explained only when we first attempt to define Homo sapiens sapiens. One of the major controversies in physical anthropology concerns the geographic origin of anatomically modern humans. It is undisputed, due to the extensive research of the Leakeys and their colleagues, that the family Hominidae originated in Africa, but the geographic origin of Homo sapiens sapiens is less concretely accepted. Two schools of thought existon this topic.
Posted in Social Science

Modern Humans

Author: Rebecca Stefoff

Publisher: Marshall Cavendish

ISBN: 9780761441878

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 112

View: 9475

"Describes the rise of modern humans, Homo sapiens, including the theories about our origins and how we spread throughout the world, with information based on the latest fossil and DNA studies"--Provided by publisher.
Posted in Juvenile Nonfiction

The Invaders

Author: Pat Shipman

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674736761

Category: Science

Page: 266

View: 9279

Humans domesticated dogs soon after Neanderthals began to disappear. This alliance between two predator species, Pat Shipman hypothesizes, made possible unprecedented success in hunting large Ice Age mammals—a distinct and ultimately decisive advantage for human invaders at a time when climate change made both humans and Neanderthals vulnerable.
Posted in Science

Before Modern Humans

New Perspectives on the African Stone Age

Author: Grant S McCall

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 131543315X

Category: Social Science

Page: 391

View: 1970

This fascinating volume, assessing Lower and Middle Pleistocene African prehistory, argues that the onset of the Middle Stone Age marks the origins of landscape use patterns resembling those of modern human foragers. Inaugurating a paradigm shift in our understanding of modern human behavior, Grant McCall argues that this transition—related to the origins of “home base” residential site use—occurred in mosaic fashion over the course of hundreds of thousands of years. He concludes by proposing a model of brain evolution driven by increasing subsistence diversity and intensity against the backdrop of larger populations and Pleistocene environmental unpredictability. McCall argues that human brain size did not arise to support the complex patterns of social behavior that pervade our lives today, but instead large human brains were co-opted for these purposes relatively late in prehistory, accounting for the striking archaeological record of the Upper Pleistocene.
Posted in Social Science

The Origin of Modern Humans and the Impact of Chronometric Dating

Author: Martin Jim Aitken,Chris B. Stringer,Paul A. Mellars

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400851556

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 402

This volume of papers delivered to The Royal Society in February of 1992 explores the debate over the "single center" hypothesis of human origins versus "multi-regional evolution." Over the last five years there has been growing support for a recent "Out of Africa" origin of modern humans--based on fresh interpretations of the palaeoanthropological and archaeological evidence, new applications of physical dating techniques to important sites, and a greatly increased genetic data base on recent human variation and its geographical patterning. But there has also been a parallel growth of doubts about interpretations of the new evidence from some workers. This book provides a review of recent progress and allows some of these doubts to be aired and discussed. In addition to the editors, the contributors are O. Bar-Yosef, A. M. Bowcock, P. Brown, H. J. Deacon, L. L. Cavalli-Sforza, J. D. Clark, R. Grün, J.-J. Hublin, A. A. Lin, G. H. Miller, J. L. Mountain, H. P. Schwarcz, N. J. Shackleton, F. H. Smith, and M. Stoneking. Originally published in 1993. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.
Posted in Social Science

The Origins of Modern Humans

A World Survey of the Fossil Evidence

Author: Fred H. Smith,Frank Spencer

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780845102336

Category: Human evolution

Page: 590

View: 7845

Chapter on Australasia separately annotated; see Wolpoff, M.H. and others.
Posted in Human evolution

The Emergence of Modern Humans

Biocultural Adaptations in the Later Pleistocene

Author: Erik Trinkaus

Publisher: CUP Archive

ISBN: 9780521372411

Category: Science

Page: 285

View: 7073

Posted in Science

Ancestral DNA, Human Origins, and Migrations

Author: Rene J. Herrera,Ralph Garcia-Bertrand

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128041285

Category: Science

Page: 588

View: 8803

Ancestral DNA, Human Origins, and Migrations describes the genesis of humans in Africa and the subsequent story of how our species migrated to every corner of the globe. Different phases of this journey are presented in an integrative format with information from a number of disciplines, including population genetics, evolution, anthropology, archaeology, climatology, linguistics, art, music, folklore and history. This unique approach weaves a story that has synergistic impact in the clarity and level of understanding that will appeal to those researching, studying, and interested in population genetics, evolutionary biology, human migrations, and the beginnings of our species. Integrates research and information from the fields of genetics, evolution, anthropology, archaeology, climatology, linguistics, art, music, folklore and history, among others Presents the content in an entertaining and synergistic style to facilitate a deep understanding of human population genetics Informs on the origins and recent evolution of our species in an approachable manner
Posted in Science

Early Modern Humans at the Moravian Gate

The Mladec Caves and their Remains

Author: Maria Teschler-Nicola

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3211492941

Category: Social Science

Page: 528

View: 5072

Posted in Social Science

Them and Us

How Neanderthal Predation Created Modern Humans

Author: Danny Vendramini

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780908244775

Category: Anthropology

Page: 366

View: 764

Put aside everything you thought you knew about being human - about how we got here and what it all means. Australian theoretical biologist Danny Vendramini has developed a theory of human origins that is stunning in its simplicity, yet breathtaking in its scope and importance. Them and Us: how Neanderthal predation created modern humans begins with a radical reassessment of Neanderthals. He shows they weren't docile omnivores, but savage, cannibalistic carnivores - top flight predators of the stone age. Neanderthal Predation (NP) theory reveals that Neanderthals were 'apex' predators - who resided at the top of the food chain, and everything else - including humans - was their prey. NP theory is one of those groundbreaking ideas that revolutionizes scientific thinking. It represents a quantum leap in our understanding of human origins.
Posted in Anthropology

Lone Survivors

How We Came to Be the Only Humans on Earth

Author: Chris Stringer

Publisher: Macmillan

ISBN: 1429973447

Category: Science

Page: 336

View: 9362

A leading researcher on human evolution proposes a new and controversial theory of how our species came to be In this groundbreaking and engaging work of science, world-renowned paleoanthropologist Chris Stringer sets out a new theory of humanity's origin, challenging both the multiregionalists (who hold that modern humans developed from ancient ancestors in different parts of the world) and his own "out of Africa" theory, which maintains that humans emerged rapidly in one small part of Africa and then spread to replace all other humans within and outside the continent. Stringer's new theory, based on archeological and genetic evidence, holds that distinct humans coexisted and competed across the African continent—exchanging genes, tools, and behavioral strategies. Stringer draws on analyses of old and new fossils from around the world, DNA studies of Neanderthals (using the full genome map) and other species, and recent archeological digs to unveil his new theory. He shows how the most sensational recent fossil findings fit with his model, and he questions previous concepts (including his own) of modernity and how it evolved. Lone Survivors will be the definitive account of who and what we were, and will change perceptions about our origins and about what it means to be human.
Posted in Science

The Emergence of Modern Humans

An Archaeological Perspective

Author: Paul Mellars

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 9780801426148

Category: Social Science

Page: 555

View: 8765

Posted in Social Science