Modern Humans

Author: Rebecca Stefoff

Publisher: Marshall Cavendish

ISBN: 9780761441878

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 112

View: 2113

"Describes the rise of modern humans, Homo sapiens, including the theories about our origins and how we spread throughout the world, with information based on the latest fossil and DNA studies"--Provided by publisher.
Posted in Juvenile Nonfiction

The Evolution of Modern Humans in Africa

A Comprehensive Guide

Author: Pamela R. Willoughby

Publisher: Rowman Altamira

ISBN: 9780759101197

Category: History

Page: 439

View: 2734

A fascinating, detailed study of the origins of modern humans. Includes material from Willoughby's own research in Tanzania.
Posted in History

The Origins of Modern Humans

Biology Reconsidered

Author: Fred H. Smith,James C. Ahern

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118659902

Category: Science

Page: 480

View: 6241

This update to the award-winning The Origins of ModernHumans: A World Survey of the Fossil Evidence covers the mostaccepted common theories concerning the emergence of modern Homosapiens—adding fresh insight from top young scholars onthe key new discoveries of the past 25 years. The Origins of Modern Humans: Biology Reconsidered allowsfield leaders to discuss and assess the assemblage of hominidfossil material in each region of the world during the Pleistoceneepoch. It features new fossil and molecular evidence, such as theevolutionary inferences drawn from assessments of modern humans andlarge segments of the Neandertal genome. It also addresses theimpact of digital imagery and the more sophisticated morphometricsthat have entered the analytical fray since 1984. Beginning with a thoughtful introduction by the authors onmodern human origins, the book offers such insightful chaptercontributions as: Africa: The Cradle of Modern People Crossroads of the Old World: Late Hominin Evolution in WesternAsia A River Runs through It: Modern Human Origins in East Asia Perspectives on the Origins of Modern Australians Modern Human Origins in Central Europe The Makers of the Early Upper Paleolithic in WesternEurasia Neandertal Craniofacial Growth and Development and ItsRelevance for Modern Human Origins Energetics and the Origin of Modern Humans Understanding Human Cranial Variation in Light of Modern HumanOrigins The Relevance of Archaic Genomes to Modern Human Origins The Process of Modern Human Origins: The Evolutionary andDemographic Changes Giving Rise to Modern Humans The Paleobiology of Modern Human Emergence Elegant and thought provoking, The Origins of Modern Humans:Biology Reconsidered is an ideal read for students, gradstudents, and professionals in human evolution andpaleoanthropology.
Posted in Science

Modern Humans

Their African Origin and Global Dispersal

Author: John F. Hoffecker

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231543743

Category: Science

Page: 544

View: 8052

Modern Humans is a vivid account of the most recent—and perhaps the most important—phase of human evolution: the appearance of anatomically modern people (Homo sapiens) in Africa less than half a million years ago and their later spread throughout the world. Leaving no stone unturned, John F. Hoffecker demonstrates that Homo sapiens represents a “major transition” in the evolution of living systems in terms of fundamental changes in the role of non-genetic information. Modern Humans synthesizes recent findings from genetics (including the rapidly growing body of ancient DNA), the human fossil record, and archaeology relating to the African origin and global dispersal of anatomically modern people. Hoffecker places humans in the broad context of the evolution of life, emphasizing the critical role of genetic and non-genetic forms of information in living systems as well as how changes in the storage, transmission, and translation of information underlie major transitions in evolution. He also draws on information and complexity theory to explain the emergence of Homo sapiens in Africa several hundred thousand years ago and the rapid and unprecedented spread of our species into a variety of environments in Australia and Eurasia, including the Arctic and Beringia, beginning between 75,000 and 60,000 years ago. This magisterial work will appeal to all with an interest in the ever-fascinating field of human evolution.
Posted in Science

Early Modern Humans at the Moravian Gate

The Mladec Caves and their Remains

Author: Maria Teschler-Nicola

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3211492941

Category: Social Science

Page: 528

View: 1753

The Upper Paleolithic fossils of the Mladec caves, South Moravia, excavated at the end of the 19th century, hold a key position in the current discussion on modern human emergence within Europe and the fate of the Neanderthals. Although undoubtedly early modern humans - recently radio carbon dated to 31.000 years BP - their morphological variability and the presence of archaic features are indicative to some degree of regional Neanderthal ancestry. The beautifully illustrated monograph addresses - for the first time - the complete assemblage of the finds, including the human cranial, post cranial, teeth and jaw fragments of several individuals (most of them stored at the Natural History Museum Vienna) as well as the faunal remains and the archaeological objects. Leading scientists present their results, obtained with innovative techniques such as DNA analysis, 3D-morphometry and isotope analysis, which are of great importance for further discussions on both human evolution and archaeological issues.
Posted in Social Science

The Emergence of Modern Humans

Biocultural Adaptations in the Later Pleistocene

Author: Erik Trinkaus

Publisher: CUP Archive

ISBN: 9780521372411

Category: Science

Page: 285

View: 2077

Posted in Science

Neanderthals and Modern Humans

An Ecological and Evolutionary Perspective

Author: Clive Finlayson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139449717

Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

View: 2396

Neanderthals and Modern Humans develops the theme of the close relationship between climate change, ecological change and biogeographical patterns in humans during the Pleistocene. In particular, it challenges the view that Modern Human 'superiority' caused the extinction of the Neanderthals between 40 and 30 thousand years ago. Clive Finlayson shows that to understand human evolution, the spread of humankind across the world and the extinction of archaic populations, we must move away from a purely theoretical evolutionary ecology base and realise the importance of wider biogeographic patterns including the role of tropical and temperate refugia. His proposal is that Neanderthals became extinct because their world changed faster than they could cope with, and that their relationship with the arriving Modern Humans, where they met, was subtle.
Posted in Social Science

Neandertals and Modern Humans in Western Asia

Author: Takeru Akazawa,Kenichi Aoki,Ofer Bar-Yosef

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0306471531

Category: Social Science

Page: 539

View: 5148

In this fascinating volume, the Middle Paleolithic archaeology of the Middle East is brought to the current debate on the origins of modern humans. These collected papers gather the most up-to-date archaeological discoveries of Western Asia - a region that is often overshadowed by African or European findings - but the only region in the world where both Neandertal and early modern human fossils have been found. The collection includes reports on such well known cave sites as Kebara, Hayonim, and Qafzeh, among others. The information and interpretations available here are a must for any serious researcher or student of anthropology or human evolution.
Posted in Social Science

Archaeological Perspectives on the Origins of Modern Humans

A View from the Levant

Author: Daniel Kaufman

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780897895781

Category: Science

Page: 140

View: 9728

Issues concerning the origins of modern humans are dealt with explicitly from the perspective of archaeological evidence drawn from the Levant. The author concludes that the Neanderthals and their contemporaries in the region had, by 100,000 years ago, evolved fully modern cultural behaviors, including linguistic and symbolic capabilities.
Posted in Science

Before Modern Humans

New Perspectives on the African Stone Age

Author: Grant S McCall

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1315433168

Category: Social Science

Page: 391

View: 8044

This fascinating volume, assessing Lower and Middle Pleistocene African prehistory, argues that the onset of the Middle Stone Age marks the origins of landscape use patterns resembling those of modern human foragers. Inaugurating a paradigm shift in our understanding of modern human behavior, Grant McCall argues that this transition—related to the origins of “home base” residential site use—occurred in mosaic fashion over the course of hundreds of thousands of years. He concludes by proposing a model of brain evolution driven by increasing subsistence diversity and intensity against the backdrop of larger populations and Pleistocene environmental unpredictability. McCall argues that human brain size did not arise to support the complex patterns of social behavior that pervade our lives today, but instead large human brains were co-opted for these purposes relatively late in prehistory, accounting for the striking archaeological record of the Upper Pleistocene.
Posted in Social Science

The Early Modern Human from Tianyuan Cave, China

Author: Hong Shang

Publisher: Texas A&M University Press

ISBN: 1603442456

Category: NATURE

Page: 270

View: 449

Through detailed description and interpretation of the most complete early modern human skeleton from eastern Asia, "The Early Modern Human from Tianyan Cave, China," addresses long-term questions about the ancestry of modern humans in eastern Asia and the nature of the changes in human behavior with the emergence of modern human biology.
Posted in NATURE

Dynamics of Learning in Neanderthals and Modern Humans Volume 1

Cultural Perspectives

Author: Takeru Akazawa,Yoshihiro Nishiaki,Kenichi Aoki

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 4431545115

Category: Social Science

Page: 277

View: 9251

This volume presents the first of two proceedings from the International Conference on the Replacement of Neanderthals by Modern Humans, which took place in Tokyo in November 2012. Focussing on a highly innovative working hypothesis called the ‘learning hypothesis’, which attempts to explain the replacement as a result of differences in the learning abilities of these two hominid populations, the conference served as the latest multidisciplinary discussion forum on this intriguing Palaeoanthropological issue. The present volume reports on outcomes of the conference in three major sections. Part 1 provides an archaeological overview of the processes of replacement/assimilation of Neanderthals by modern humans. Part 2 consists of archaeological and ethnographic case studies exploring evidence of learning behaviours in prehistoric and modern hunter-gatherer societies. Part 3 presents a collection of papers that directly contributes to the definition, validation and testing of the learning hypothesis in terms of population biology and evolutionary theory. A total of 18 papers in this volume make available to readers unique cultural perspectives on mechanisms of the replacement/assimilation of Neanderthals by modern humans and suggested relationships between these mechanisms and different learning strategies.
Posted in Social Science

The Origin of Modern Humans

Author: Roger Lewin

Publisher: Times Books

ISBN: 9780716760238

Category: Social Science

Page: 204

View: 7804

The tools used to unearth the facts of our prehistoric past have not always been tangible. Each fossil discovery and new methods of analysis is met with an avalanche of debate, alternate interpretations, and the refutation of competing theories. This text is a concise and provocative look at some answers to the question " Where did we come from? " .
Posted in Social Science

Dynamics of Learning in Neanderthals and Modern Humans Volume 2

Cognitive and Physical Perspectives

Author: Takeru Akazawa,Naomichi Ogihara,Hiroki C Tanabe,Hideaki Terashima

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 4431545530

Category: Social Science

Page: 243

View: 5658

This volume is the second of two volumes of proceedings from the International Conference on the Replacement of Neanderthals by Modern Humans, which took place in Tokyo in November 2012. This second volume reports, in four major sections, findings by cultural anthropologists, physical anthropologists, engineering scientists and neurophysiologists, integrated in multidisciplinary fashion to solidify the overall understanding of the mechanics of replacement from cognitive and physical perspectives. Part 1 provides examinations of replacement related questions from various perspectives in cognition and psychology. Part 2, consisting of studies rooted in body science and genetics, provides detailed findings which fill in the broader frame of the replacement phenomenon. Part 3 presents a collection of papers whose findings about fossil crania and brain morphology shed direct light on immediate questions regarding replacement. Part 4 provides illuminations similar to those in part 3, but arising from the analytical empowerment afforded by neuroscience. The collection of 26 papers in this volume makes available to readers both broad and narrow insights on the mechanisms of the replacement/assimilation of Neanderthals by modern humans and at the same time provides a model of new-paradigm multidisciplinary collaboration on a complex problem.
Posted in Social Science

The Evolution of Modern Human Diversity

A Study of Cranial Variation

Author: Marta Mirazón Lahr

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521473934

Category: Science

Page: 416

View: 5862

Investigates the two main theories of how and where humans evolved.
Posted in Science

The Origin of Modern Humans and the Impact of Chronometric Dating

Author: Martin Jim Aitken,Chris B. Stringer,Paul A. Mellars

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400851556

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 1756

This volume of papers delivered to The Royal Society in February of 1992 explores the debate over the "single center" hypothesis of human origins versus "multi-regional evolution." Over the last five years there has been growing support for a recent "Out of Africa" origin of modern humans--based on fresh interpretations of the palaeoanthropological and archaeological evidence, new applications of physical dating techniques to important sites, and a greatly increased genetic data base on recent human variation and its geographical patterning. But there has also been a parallel growth of doubts about interpretations of the new evidence from some workers. This book provides a review of recent progress and allows some of these doubts to be aired and discussed. In addition to the editors, the contributors are O. Bar-Yosef, A. M. Bowcock, P. Brown, H. J. Deacon, L. L. Cavalli-Sforza, J. D. Clark, R. Grün, J.-J. Hublin, A. A. Lin, G. H. Miller, J. L. Mountain, H. P. Schwarcz, N. J. Shackleton, F. H. Smith, and M. Stoneking. Originally published in 1993. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.
Posted in Social Science

Early Modern Human Evolution in Central Europe

The People of Dolní Věstonice and Pavlov

Author: Erik Trinkaus,Jiří Svoboda

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780195166996

Category: History

Page: 489

View: 678

This is primary descriptive volume on the most important paleontological site for research into the emergence of humans, the development of a modern pattern of hunting and gathering societies in the Middle Upper Paleolithic Era. Erik Trinkhaus is among the most distinguished paleoanthropologists and a member of the National Academy. Svoboda is the project leader on the Pavlovian site.
Posted in History

Conceptual Issues in Modern Human Origins Research

Author: Geoffrey A. Clark,Catherine M. Willermet

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9780202365022

Category: Social Science

Page: 508

View: 2257

While those who study human origins now agree that the evolution of modern human form extends back much further in time than the evolution of modern human behavior, they disagree sharply as to how to interpret the substantive data. Two fundamentally incommensurate interpretations of our origins, the "Replacement" camp and the "Continuity" camp, have now emerged out of pre-existing models and theories that go back to the last quarter of the 19th century. This book contends that these positions are based on radically different biases and assumptions about what the remote human past was like. The purpose of this volume is to examine those conceptual differences, not to arrive at a consensus, but rather to explore the reasons why a consensus might never be possible.
Posted in Social Science

The Emergence of Modern Humans

An Archaeological Perspective

Author: Paul Mellars

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 9780801426148

Category: Social Science

Page: 555

View: 3828

Posted in Social Science