Migrant Encounters

Intimate Labor, the State, and Mobility Across Asia

Author: Sara Friedman,Pardis Mahdavi

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 081224754X

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 345

'Migrant Encounters' examines what happens when migrants across Asia encounter both the restrictions and opportunities presented by state actors and policies, some that leave deep marks on migrants' own life trajectories and others that produce fragmentary, uneven traces.
Posted in Social Science

Migrant Cross-Cultural Encounters in Asia and the Pacific

Author: Jacqueline Leckie,Angela McCarthy,Angela Wanhalla

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1317096673

Category: Social Science

Page: 174

View: 5346

In contrast to much scholarship on cross-cultural encounters, which focuses primarily on contact between indigenous peoples and ’settlers’ or ’sojourners’, this book is concerned with migrant aspects of this phenomenon – whether migrant-migrant or migrant-host encounters – bringing together studies from a variety of perspectives on cross-cultural encounters, their past, and their resonances across the contemporary Asia-Pacific region. Organised thematically into sections focusing on ’imperial encounters’ of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, ’identities’ in the twentieth and twenty-first centuries, and ’contemporary citizenship’ and the ways in which this is complicated by mobility and cross-cultural encounters, the volume presents studies of New Zealand, Singapore, Australia, Vanuatu, Mauritius and China to highlight key themes of mobility, intimacies, ethnicity and ’race’, heritage and diaspora, through rich evidence such as photographs, census data, the arts and interviews. Demonstrating the importance of multidisciplinary ways of looking at migrant cross-cultural encounters through blending historical and social science methodologies from a range of disciplinary backgrounds, Migrant Cross-Cultural Encounters in Asia and the Pacific will appeal to anthropologists, sociologists, cultural geographers and historians with interests in migration, mobility and cross-cultural encounters.
Posted in Social Science

Das geträumte Land

Roman

Author: Imbolo Mbue

Publisher: Kiepenheuer & Witsch

ISBN: 3462315889

Category: Fiction

Page: 432

View: 5144

Die große neue Stimme aus den USA Imbolo Mbues hochgelobtes Debüt erzählt die unvergessliche Geschichte zweier Familien unterschiedlicher Herkunft, die in New York kurz vor der Bankenkrise aufeinandertreffen. Die Lehman-Brothers-Pleite bringt nicht nur ihr Leben, sondern auch ihr Wertesystem gehörig durcheinander. Jende Jonga hat es endlich geschafft, seine Frau und seinen kleinen Sohn aus Kamerun nach Amerika zu holen. Das Glück scheint komplett, als Jende den Job als Chauffeur von Clark Edwards, einem Manager der Lehmann Brothers Bank, ergattert. Und Mrs Edwards engagiert Jendes Frau sogar als Haus- und Kindermädchen in ihrem Sommerhaus in den Hamptons. Die beiden Familien könnten unterschiedlicher nicht sein und wollen doch dasselbe: ihren Kindern eine gute Zukunft bieten. Allerdings ist das Leben der Bankerfamilie längst nicht so perfekt und glamourös, wie es zunächst scheint. Als Lehman Brothers pleitegeht, ist die Fassade nicht mehr aufrechtzuerhalten. Die Jongas versuchen verzweifelt, Jendes Job zu retten – auch um den Preis ihrer Ehe. Das Leben der beiden Paare wird dramatisch auf den Kopf gestellt und Jende sieht sich gezwungen, eine unmögliche Entscheidung zu treffen. Ein hochaktueller, brillant geschriebener Roman über Familie, Immigration, Heimat und Gesellschaft, der uns alle angeht.
Posted in Fiction

Routledge Handbook on Human Rights and the Middle East and North Africa

Author: Anthony Tirado Chase

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317613759

Category: Social Science

Page: 522

View: 2241

Recent events such as ‘Iran’s Green Revolution’ and the ‘Arab Uprisings’ have exploded notions that human rights are irrelevant to Middle Eastern and North African politics. Increasingly seen as a global concern, human rights are at the fulcrum of the region’s on-the-ground politics, transnational intellectual debates, and global political intersections. The Routledge Handbook on Human Rights and the Middle East and North Africa: emphasises the need to consider human rights in all their dimensions, rather than solely focusing on the political dimension, in order to understand the structural reasons behind the persistence of human rights violations; explores the various frameworks in which to consider human rights—conceptual, political and transnational/international; discusses issue areas subject to particularly intense debate—gender, religion, sexuality, transitions and accountability; contains contributions from perspectives that span from global theory to grassroots reflections, emphasising the need for academic work on human rights to seriously engage with the thoughts and practices of those working on the ground. A multidisciplinary approach from scholars with a wide range of expertise allows the book to capture the complex dynamics by which human rights have had, or could have, an impact on Middle Eastern and North African politics. This book will therefore be a key resource for students and scholars of Middle Eastern and North African politics and society, as well as anyone with a concern for Human Rights across the globe.
Posted in Social Science

Child Welfare Systems and Migrant Children

A Cross Country Study of Policies and Practice

Author: Marit Skivenes,Ravinder Barn,Katrin Kriz,Tarja Pösö,Tarja Pvsv

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0190205296

Category: Social Science

Page: 304

View: 9503

Child Welfare Systems and Migrant Children examines where, why and to what extent immigrant children are represented in the child welfare system in different countries. These countries include Australia/New Zealand, Belgium/the Netherlands, England, Estonia, Canada, Finland, Italy, Germany, Spain, Norway, and the United States--all of them having different child welfare philosophies and systems as well as histories and practices in immigration. By comparing policies and practices in child welfare systems (and welfare states), especially in terms of how they conceptualize and deal with immigrant children and their families, we address an immensely important and pressing issue in modern societies. Immigrants in the child welfare system are a critical issue and they seem to face serious challenges that are evident across countries. These are challenges related to lack of language proficiency, lack of knowledge about cultural and social aspects and about the public systems of the destination country. Perhaps most relevantly, the challenges may include collisions of ideas and beliefs about how to raise children, about children's place in the family and society, and about children's rights.
Posted in Social Science

Second Promised Land

Migration to Alberta and the Transformation of Canadian Society

Author: Harry H. Hiller

Publisher: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP

ISBN: 0773576878

Category: Social Science

Page: 568

View: 4989

Combining statistical analysis and ethnographic study, Harry Hiller uncovers two waves of in-migration to Alberta. His innovative approach begins with the individual migrant and analyzes the relocation experience from origin to destination. Through interviews with hundreds of migrants, Hiller shows that migration is complex and dynamic, shaped not just by what Alberta offers but also prompted by a process that begins in the region of origin which makes migration possible, and helps determine whether migrants stay or return home. By combining a social psychological approach with structural factors such as Alberta's transition from a regional hinterland province to its emerging role the global system, discussions of gender, the internet, and folk culture, Second Promised Land provides a multi-dimensional and deeply human account of a contemporary Canadian phenomenon.
Posted in Social Science

Migrant Professionals in the City

Local Encounters, Identities and Inequalities

Author: Lars Meier

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134674686

Category: Social Science

Page: 262

View: 740

The migration of professionals is widely seen as a paradigmatic representation and a driver of globalization. The global elite of highly qualified migrants—managers and scientists, for example—are partly defined by their lives’ mobility. But their everyday lives are based and take place in specific cities. The contributors of this book analyze the relevance of locality for a mobile group and provide a new perspective on migrant professionals by considering the relevance of social identities for local encounters in socially unequal cities. Contributors explore shifting identities, senses of belonging, and spatial and social inequalities and encounters between migrant professionals and ‘Others’ within the cities. These qualitative studies widen the understanding of the importance of local aspects for the social identities of those who are in many aspects more privileged than others.
Posted in Social Science

Movements in Chicano Poetry

Against Myths, Against Margins

Author: Rafael Pèrez-Torres

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521478038

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 332

View: 9974

Studies the central concerns addressed by recent Chicano poetry.
Posted in Literary Criticism

Translating the Other

An Ethnography of Migrant Encounters with the Police, Nuns, and Ethno-psychiatrists in Contemporary Italy

Author: Cristiana Giordano

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: 642

View: 2515

I conducted extensive ethnographic and archival research at three main institutional settings in the city of Turin: (1) an ethno-psychiatric clinic (Centro Frantz Fanon) that offers psychological support exclusively to migrants, (2) a Catholic non-profit association that helps migrant women prostitutes file criminal charges against their exploiters, and (3) a Catholic comunita d'accoglienza (roughly translated as 'host community') run by nuns and designed as a temporary residence for migrant women. I address the experience of displacement, mental illness, and policies of social integration of migrants to Italy. By focusing on these different sites---which work in conjunction to provide care to a wide range of migrants---I ask the following questions: (1) How do Catholic nuns adjust their own universalizing mission to the 'rehabilitation' of migrant prostitutes? (2) How does normative psychiatry itself get reformulated in diagnosing migrant patients? (3) Why do State and Catholic groups promote a similar discourse of redemption and expiation through aid programs for "victims of human trafficking"?
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"I Know It's Dangerous"

Why Mexicans Risk Their Lives to Cross the Border

Author: Lynnaire Maria Sheridan

Publisher: University of Arizona Press

ISBN: 9780816528578

Category: Social Science

Page: 206

View: 1624

Recounts the experiences of Mexicans who have risked their lives to cross the Mexico-America border, explaining how the thrill of taking that risk has become a motivator for border crossers.
Posted in Social Science

Metropolitan Anxieties

On the Meaning of the Irish Catholic Adventure in Scotland

Author: Mark Boyle

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 9780754633792

Category: Social Science

Page: 277

View: 5356

In a lecture entitled 'Scotland's shame', delivered at the Edinburgh Festival in August 1999, Scotland's leading musical composer James MacMillan sought to expose the continuing pervasiveness of anti-Irish and anti-Catholic sectarianism and bigotry in contemporary Scotland. A decade of heated public debate has followed. The purpose of this book is to harness the complex and rich theory of colonialism which French philosopher, political activist and novelist Jean-Paul Sartre developed and struggled over, to venture a qualified and partial interpretation of the Irish Catholic experience of Scotland.
Posted in Social Science

Ethnic Englishes, Indigenous and Migrant Languages

Policy and Education

Author: Gerhard Leitner

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110906023

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 355

View: 7040

Australia is host to many languages - English, indigenous, migrant, and contact. Its multilingualism, the sociopolitical changes that have been impacting upon them, and its wide-ranging language policy efforts are well-known. What has been missing so far is a comprehensive, integrative study of the entire 'habitat' of languages - the contacts and interactions that have been taking place from the beginning of colonization to the present day with their linguistic outcomes. This book and its companion, Australia's Many Voices. Australian English - The National Language, develop and apply such an approach. The present book deals with non-mainstream varieties of English, indigenous, migrant, and contact languages. Based on census and other data to 2003, it addresses themes such as language demographics, language shift, and socio-psychological factors that bear upon it. Language change is discussed from the angle of the uprooting of indigenous languages from their original context, of transplantation, and of contact with English. Pidgins and creoles are located inside the Pacific context of the nineteenth century. This study provides an analysis of language and language-education policies to 2003 and connects this theme with the role of Australian English, the national language. It suggests that Australia's habitat is reaching a new stage of plurilingual tolerance. The book is of interest for specialists from a wide range of language and policy disciplines. Its discursive, non-technical style makes it accessible to non-specialists with no background in linguistics.
Posted in Language Arts & Disciplines

Exit West

Roman

Author: Mohsin Hamid

Publisher: Dumont Buchverlag

ISBN: 3832189645

Category: Fiction

Page: 224

View: 2391

In einer Welt, die aus den Fugen geraten ist, in einem muslimisch geprägten Land, das am Rande eines Bürgerkriegs steht, in einer Stadt, die namenlos bleibt, lernen sie sich kennen: Nadia und Saeed. Sie hat mit ihrer Familie gebrochen, fährt Motorrad, lebt säkular und trägt ihr dunkles Gewand nur als Schutz vor den Zudringlichkeiten fremder Männer. Er wohnt noch bei seinen Eltern, ist eher schüchtern und nimmt die Ausübung seiner Religion sehr ernst. Doch während die Stadt um sie herum in Flammen aufgeht, sich Anschläge häufen und die Sicherheitslage immer prekärer wird, finden die beiden zusammen. Sie wollen eine gemeinsame Zukunft, in Freiheit. Und da sind diese Gerüchte über Türen, die diejenigen, die sie passieren, an ferne Orte bringen können. Doch den Weg durch diese Türen muss man sich mit viel Geld erkaufen. Als die Gewalt weiter eskaliert, entscheiden sich Nadia und Saeed, diesen Schritt zu gehen. Sie lassen ihr Land und ihr altes Leben zurück ... ›Exit West‹ ist ein überaus berührender Roman, der sich mit den zentralen Themen unserer Zeit beschäftigt: Flucht und Migration. Mohsin Hamid beweist, dass Literatur poetisch und zugleich politisch sein kann. Mit diesem »fesselnden Roman« (New York Times) steht Mohsin Hamid auf der Longlist des diesjährigen Man Booker Preises.
Posted in Fiction

Fields of Power, Forests of Discontent

Culture, Conservation, and the State in Mexico

Author: Nora Haenn

Publisher: University of Arizona Press

ISBN: 9780816523993

Category: Social Science

Page: 229

View: 1079

Enduring differences between protected areas and local people have produced few happy compromises, but at the Calakmul Biosphere Reserve in the southern Mexican state of Campeche, government agents and thousands of local people collaborated on an expansive program to alleviate these tensionsÑa conservation-development agenda that aimed to improve local peopleÕs standard of living while preserving natural resources. Calakmul is home to numerous endangered species and raises a common question: How can environmental managers and citizens reconcile competing ecological desires? For a brief time in the 1990s, collaborations at Calakmul were heralded as a vital example of melding local management, forest conservation, and economic development. In Fields of Power, Forests of Discontent, Nora Haenn questions the rise and fall of this conservation program to examine conservation at the intersection of national-international agendas and local political-economic interests. While other assessments of such programs have typically focused on why they do or do not succeed, Haenn instead considers conservationÕs encounter with peopleÕs everyday livesÑand how those experiences affect environmental management. Haenn explores conservation and development from two perspectives: first regionally, to look at how people used conservation to create a new governing entity on a tropical frontier once weakly under national rule; then locally, focusing on personal histories and aspects of community life that shape people's daily lives, farming practices, and immersion in development programsÑeven though those programs ultimately fail to resolve economic frustrations. She identifies how key political actors, social movements, and identity politics contributed to the instability of the Calakmul alliance. Drawing on extensive interviews with Reserve staff, including its director, she connects regional trends to village life through accounts of disputes at ejido meetings and the failure of ejido development projects. In the face of continued difficulty in creating a popular conservation in Calakmul, Haenn uses lessons from people's livesÑhistory, livelihood, village organization, expectationsÑto argue for a "sustaining conservation," one that integrates social justice and local political norms with a new, more robust definition of conservation. In this way, Fields of Power, Forests of Discontent goes beyond local ethnography to encourage creative discussion of conservation's impact on both land and people.
Posted in Social Science

On the Road for Work

Migratory Workers on the East Coast of the United States

Author: G. Thomas-Lycklama-Nijeholt

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400987579

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 212

View: 2155

Migratory farm workers provide the extra hands that are so badly needed during the planting and harvest season in the United States. Although these workers have been essential to the American agricultural system for more than a hundred years, our knowledge of them is limited and quite fragmentary; it can be divided roughly into two types of information. On the one hand, we have the statistical data collected by various censuses and the data gathered by agricultural econ omists to study the supply of and demand for farm labor. The economic aspects of farm labor generally predominate in such material. On the other, we have the scientific studies and journalistic descriptions that report on migratory farm by using a qualitative approach. The social scientists and journalists who workers have compiled these reports lived in the labor camps and have vividly described the dismal and oppressive conditions these workers must endure. The drawback of the first type of data is that its orientation to economic problems makes it too superficial and one-sided. It fails to interrelate the diverse economic factors affecting the lives and work of all farm workers, and conse quently presents a distorted and incomplete picture of migratory farm worker life. Also, because the migratory farm workers are quite elusive and usually keep a low profIle, they are often underrepresented in such data. The data gathered by using qualitative methods have the major disadvantage of being quite limited in scope.
Posted in Business & Economics

Emigrant Dreams, Immigrant Borders

Migrants, Transnational Encounters, and Identity in Spain

Author: Raquel Vega-Durán

Publisher: Bucknell University Press

ISBN: 1611487412

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 300

View: 1615

Emigrant Dreams, Immigrant Borders: Migrants, Transnational Encounters, and Identity in Spain offers a new approach to the cultural history of contemporary Spain, examining the ways in which Spain’s own self-conceptions are changing and multiplying in response to migrants from Latin America and Africa. In the last twenty-five years, Spain has gone from being a country of net emigration to one in which immigrants make up nearly 12 percent of the population. This rapid growth has made migrants increasingly visible in both mass media and in Spanish visual and literary culture. This book examines the origins of media discourses on immigration and takes the analysis of contemporary Spanish culture as its primary framework, while also drawing insights from sociology and history. Emigrant Dreams, Immigrant Borders introduces readers to a wide range of recent films, journals, novels, photography, paintings, and music to reconsider contemporary Spain through its varied encounters with migrants. It follows the stages of the migrant’s own journey, beginning outside Spanish territory, continuing across the border (either at the barbed-wire fences of Ceuta and Melilla or the waters of the Atlantic or the Strait of Gibraltar), and then considers what happens to migrants after they arrive and settle in Spain. Each chapter analyzes one of these stages in order to illustrate the complexity of contemporary Spanish identity. This examination of Spanish culture shows how Spain is evolving into a new space of imagination, one that can no longer be defined without the migrant—a space in which there is no unified identity but rather a new self-understanding is being born. Vega-Durán both places Spain in a larger European context and draws attention to some of the features that, from a comparative perspective, make the Spanish case interesting and often unique. She argues that Spain cannot be understood today outside the Transatlantic and Mediterranean spaces (both real and imaginary) where Spaniards and migrants meet. Emigrant Dreams, Immigrant Borders offers a timely study of present-day Spain, and makes an original contribution to the vibrant debates about multiculturalism and nation-formation that are taking
Posted in Literary Criticism

Masculinities in Twentieth- and Twenty-first Century French and Francophone Literature

Author: Edith Biegler Vandervoort

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 1443830569

Category: Social Science

Page: 345

View: 3912

The study of masculinities and gender identity in contemporary literature is relatively new and, with each year of this millennium, gains momentum. Indeed, as the women’s movement becomes forceful in developing nations, the question of tolerance to gays, lesbians, bisexuals, and transvestites undergoes a similar process. At a time when women refuse to be subjected to war crimes, when they begin entering the workforce and realize the need to support their families independently, and when they refuse to remain in abusive marriages or remain silent in countries, where governments ignore their needs, men and women are questioning the meaning of gender in their culture and often seek alternatives to established gender roles. In some countries, this entails organized demonstrations for additional civil rights, while in others, the expression of sexual freedom remains a question of remaining silent or risking public execution. Thanks to the scholarly commitment of its authors, this book examines the range of masculine expression on three continents: Europe, Africa, and the Americas. In this collection, they write about men’s past and present challenges, male friendships, and male immigrants and outcasts. Paralleling the independence movement of France’s former colonies, the goal of this collection is to continue the expression of freedom toward understanding and tolerance of all variances of sexuality.
Posted in Social Science

Strange Encounters

Embodied Others in Post-Coloniality

Author: Sara Ahmed

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135120110

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 7928

Examining the relationship between strangers, embodiment and community, Strange Encounters challenges the assumptions that the stranger is simply anybody we do not recognize and instead proposes that he or she is socially constructued as somebody we already know. Using feminist and postcolonial theory this book examines the impact of multiculturalism and globalization on embodiment and community whilst considering the ethical and political implication of its critique for post-colonial feminism. A diverse range of texts are analyzed which produce the figure of 'the stranger', showing that it has alternatively been expelled as the origin of danger - such as in neighbourhood watch, or celebrated as the origin of difference - as in multiculturalism. The author argues that both of these standpoints are problematic as they involve 'stranger fetishism'; they assume that the stranger 'has a life of its own'.
Posted in Social Science

Migrant and seasonal farmworker powerlessness

Hearings, Ninety-first Congress, first and second sessions ...

Author: United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Labor and Public Welfare. Subcommittee on Migratory Labor

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 6316

View: 7998

Posted in Business & Economics