Mexicano Political Experience in Occupied Aztlan

Struggles and Change

Author: Armando Navarro

Publisher: Rowman Altamira

ISBN: 9780759105676

Category: History

Page: 753

View: 9764

This exciting new volume from Armando Navarro offers the most current and comprehensive political history of the Mexicano experience in the United States. Viewing Mexicanos today as an occupied and colonized people, Navarro calls for the formation of a new movement to reinvigorate the struggle for resistance and change. His book is a valuable resource for social activists and instructors in Latino politics, U.S. race relations, and social movements.
Posted in History

Mexicano and Latino Politics and the Quest for Self-Determination

What Needs to Be Done

Author: Armando Navarro

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 0739197363

Category: Political Science

Page: 670

View: 5261

This book critically examines the current status of Mexicano and Latino Politics in the United States and how both represent a dysfunctional and failed mode of politics. Two change models are provided as alternatives: Aztlán’s Politics of a Nation-Within-a-Nation (APNWN) and Aztlán’s Politics of Separatism (APS).
Posted in Political Science

Whiteness on the Border

Mapping the US Racial Imagination in Brown and White

Author: Lee Bebout

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 147988328X

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 304

View: 5149

Historically, ideas of whiteness and Americanness have been built on the backs of racialized communities. The legacy of anti-Mexican stereotypes stretches back to the early nineteenth century when Anglo-American settlers first came into regular contact with Mexico and Mexicans. The images of the Mexican Other as lawless, exotic, or non-industrious continue to circulate today within US popular and political culture. Through keen analysis of music, film, literature, and US politics, Whiteness on the Border demonstrates how contemporary representations of Mexicans and Chicano/as are pushed further to foster the idea of whiteness as Americanness. Illustrating how the ideologies, stories, and images of racial hierarchy align with and support those of fervent US nationalism, Lee Bebout maps the relationship between whiteness and American exceptionalism. He examines how renderings of the Mexican Other have expressed white fear, and formed a besieged solidarity in anti-immigrant rhetoric and policies. Moreover, Whiteness on the Border elucidates how seemingly positive representations of Mexico and Chicano/as are actually used to reinforce investments in white American goodness and obscure systems of racial inequality. Whiteness on the Border pushes readers to consider how the racial logic of the past continues to thrive in the present.
Posted in Literary Criticism

Introduction to Latino Politics in the U.S.

Author: Lisa Garcia Bedolla

Publisher: Polity

ISBN: 0745633854

Category: Political Science

Page: 218

View: 8420

Focusing on five Latino groups - Mexicans, Puerto Ricans, Cubans, Salvadorans, and Guatemalans - this book provides students with a comprehensive introduction to Latino participation in US politics. It begins by looking at the migration history of each group and how that experience is affected by US foreign policy and economic interests in each country of origin. The political status of Latinos on arrival in the United States, including their civil rights, employment opportunities, and political incorporation, is then examined. Finally, the analysis follows each group's history of collective mobilization and political activity, exploring the varied ways they have engaged in the U.S. political system. Using the tension between individual agency and structural constraints as its central organizing theme, the discussion situates Latino migrants, and their children, within larger macro economic and geo-political structures that influence their decisions to migrate and their ability to adapt socially, economically, and politically to their new country. It also demonstrates how Latinos continually have shown that through political action they can significantly improve their channels of opportunity. Thus, the book pushes students to think critically about what it means to be a racialized minority group within a majoritarian U.S. political system, and how that position structures Latinos' ability to achieve their social, economic, and political goals. For more information and resources visit the accompanying series website: www.politybooks.com/minoritypol
Posted in Political Science

Encyclopedia of Race, Ethnicity, and Society

Author: Richard T. Schaefer

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412926947

Category: Social Science

Page: 1622

View: 4461

This three volume reference set offers a comprehensive look at the roles race and ethnicity play in society and in our daily lives. General readers, students, and scholars alike will appreciate the informative coverage of intergroup relations in the United States and the comparative examination of race and ethnicity worldwide. These volumes offer a foundation to understanding as well as researching racial and ethnic diversity from a multidisciplinary perspective. Over a hundred racial and ethnic groups are described, with additional thematic essays offering insight into broad topics that cut across group boundaries and which impact on society. The encyclopedia has alphabetically arranged author-signed essays with references to guide further reading. Numerous cross-references aid the reader to explore beyond specific entries, reflecting the interdependent nature of race and ethnicity operating in society. The text is supplemented by photographs, tables, figures and custom-designed maps to provide an engaging visual look at race and ethnicity. An easy-to-use statistical appendix offers the latest data with carefully selected historical comparisons to aid study and research in the area
Posted in Social Science

The Immigration Crisis

Nativism, Armed Vigilantism, and the Rise of a Countervailing Movement

Author: Armando Navarro

Publisher: Rowman Altamira

ISBN: 9780759112360

Category: Political Science

Page: 528

View: 1842

Immigration remains one of the most pressing and polarizing issues in the United States. In The Immigration Crisis, the political scientist and social activist Armando Navarro takes a hard look at 400 years of immigration into the territories that now form the United States, paying particular attention to the ways in which immigrants have been received. The book provides a political, historical, and theoretical examination of the laws, personalities, organizations, events, and demographics that have shaped four centuries of immigration and led to the widespread social crisis that today divides citizens, non-citizens, regions, and political parties. As a prominent activist, Navarro has participated broadly in the Mexican-American community's responses to the problems of immigration and integration, and his book also provides a powerful glimpse into the actual working of Hispanic social movements. In a sobering conclusion, Navarro argues that the immigration crisis is inextricably linked to the globalization of capital and the American economy's dependence on cheap labor.
Posted in Political Science

Mexican American Youth Organization

Avant-Garde of the Chicano Movement in Texas

Author: Armando Navarro

Publisher: University of Texas Press

ISBN: 0292743203

Category: Social Science

Page: 312

View: 5413

Among the protest movements of the 1960s, the Mexican American Youth Organization (MAYO) emerged as one of the principal Chicano organizations seeking social change. By the time MAYO evolved into the Raza Unida Party (RUP) in 1972, its influence had spread far beyond its Crystal City, Texas, origins. Its members precipitated some thirty-nine school walkouts, demonstrated against the Vietnam War, and confronted church and governmental bodies on numerous occasions. Armando Navarro here offers the first comprehensive assessment of MAYO's history, politics, leadership, ideology, strategies and tactics, and activist program. Interviews with many MAYO and RUP organizers and members, as well as first-hand knowledge drawn from his own participation in meetings, presentations, and rallies, enrich the text. This wealth of material yields the first reliable history of this extremely vocal and visible catalyst of the Chicano Movement. The book will add significantly to our understanding of Sixties protest movements and the social and political conditions that gave them birth.
Posted in Social Science

La Raza Unida Party

Author: Armando Navarro

Publisher: Temple University Press

ISBN: 1439905584

Category: Political Science

Page: 360

View: 2734

A comprehensive study of an ethnic political movement.
Posted in Political Science

Chicanismo

The Forging of a Militant Ethos Among Mexican Americans

Author: Ignacio M. Garc’a

Publisher: University of Arizona Press

ISBN: 9780816517886

Category: Social Science

Page: 175

View: 4851

During the 1960s and '70s, Mexican Americans began to agitate for social and political change. From their diverse activities and agendas there emerged a new political consciousness. Emphasizing race and class within the context of an oppressive society, this militant ethos would become the unifying theme for groups involved in a myriad of causes. Chicanismo, as it came to be known, marked a transformation in the way Mexican Americans thought about themselves, enabling them for the first time to see themselves as a community with a past and a present. In Chicanismo, the first intellectual history of the Chicano Movement and the militant ethos that emerged from it, Ignacio Garcia traces the development of the philosophical strains that guided the movement. First, Mexican Americans came to believe that the liberal agenda that had promised education and equality had failed them, leading them toward separatism. Second, they saw a need to reinterpret the past as it related to their own history, leading them to discovered their legacy of struggle. Third, Mexican American activists, intellectuals, and artists affirmed a renewed pride in their ethnicity and class status. Finally, this new philosophy-Chicanismo-was politicized through the struggles of the Chicano organizations that promoted it as they faced resistance or external attacks. Although the idea of Chicanismo would eventually unravel, its ideological strains remain important even today. Combining research and personal knowledge of people, events, organizations, and political/cultural rhetoric, along with a synthesis of scholarship from a variety of fields, Chicanismo provides a unique, multidimensional view of the Chicano Movement.
Posted in Social Science

We Are Aztln!

Chicanx Histories in the Northern Borderlands

Author: Jerry Garcia

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780874223477

Category: Social Science

Page: 266

View: 5796

Mexican Americans/Chicana/os/Chicanx form a majority of the overall Latino population in the United States. In this collection, established and emerging Chicanx researchers diverge from the discipline's traditional Southwest focus to offer academic and non-academic perspectives specifically on the Pacific Northwest and Midwest. Their multidisciplinary papers address colonialism, gender, history, immigration, labor, literature, sociology, education, and religion, setting the Chicanx movement and experience beyond customary scholarship and illuminating how Chicanxs have challenged racialization, marginalization, and isolation in the northern borderlands. Contributors: Norma Cardenas and Rachel Maldonado, retired (both Eastern Wash. Univ.), the late Carlos Maldonado, Oscar Rosales Castaneda (activist, writer), Josue Q. Estrada (Univ. of Wash.), Theresa Melendez, emeritus, Dylan Miner, and Dionicio Valdes (all Mich. St. Univ.), and Ernesto Todd Mireles (Prescott College).
Posted in Social Science

The Cristal Experiment

A Chicano Struggle for Community Control

Author: Armando Navarro

Publisher: Univ of Wisconsin Press

ISBN: 9780299158231

Category: Political Science

Page: 456

View: 5177

Amidst the turbulence and militancy of the 1960s and early 1970s, the Mexicano population of the dusty agricultural town of Crystal City, Texas (Cristal in Spanish), staged two electoral revolts, each time winning control of the city council and school board. The landmark city council victory in 1963 was a first for Mexican Americans in South Texas, and Cristal—the “spinach capital of the world”—became for a time the political capital of the Chicano Movement. In The Cristal Experiment, Armando Navarro presents the most comprehensive examination to date of the rise of the Chicano political movement in Cristal, its successes and conflicts (both internal and external), and its eventual decline. He looks particularly at the larger and more successful “Second Revolt” in 1970 and its aftermath up to 1981, examining the political, economic, educational, and social changes for Mexicanos that resulted. Drawing upon nearly 100 interviews, a wealth of secondary materials, and his own experiences as a political organizer in the Chicano Movement, Navarro offers a shrewd and insightful analysis not only of the events in Cristal, but also of the workings of local politics generally, the politics of community control, and the factors inherent in the American political system that lead to the self-destruction of political movements. As both a political scientist and an organizer, he outlines important lessons to be learned from what happened in Cristal and to the Chicano Movement.
Posted in Political Science

Mexicanos

A History of Mexicans in the United States

Author: Manuel G. Gonzales

Publisher: Indiana University Press

ISBN: 0253221250

Category: History

Page: 394

View: 9064

Newly revised and updated, Mexicanos tells the rich and vibrant story of Mexicans in the United States. Emerging from the ruins of Aztec civilization and from centuries of Spanish contact with indigenous people, Mexican culture followed the Spanish colonial frontier northward and put its distinctive mark on what became the southwestern United States. Shaped by their Indian and Spanish ancestors, deeply influenced by Catholicism, and tempered by an often difficult existence, Mexicans continue to play an important role in U.S. society, even as the dominant Anglo culture strives to assimilate them. Thorough and balanced, Mexicanos makes a valuable contribution to the understanding of the Mexican population of the United States—a growing minority who are a vital presence in 21st-century America.
Posted in History

The Making of Chicana/o Studies

In the Trenches of Academe

Author: Rodolfo F. Acuña

Publisher: Rutgers University Press

ISBN: 081355070X

Category: Social Science

Page: 348

View: 3019

The Making of Chicana/o Studies traces the philosophy and historical development of the field of Chicana/o studies from precursor movements to the Civil Rights era to today, focusing its lens on the political machinations in higher education that sought to destroy the discipline. As a renowned leader, activist, scholar, and founding member of the movement to establish this curriculum in the California State University system, which serves as a model for the rest of the country, Rodolfo F. Acuña has, for more than forty years, battled the trend in academia to deprive this group of its academic presence. The book assesses the development of Chicana/o studies (an area of studies that has even more value today than at its inception)--myths about its epistemological foundations have remained uncontested. Acuña sets the record straight, challenging those in the academy who would fold the discipline into Latino studies, shadow it under the dubious umbrella of ethnic studies, or eliminate it altogether. Building the largest Chicana/o studies program in the nation was no easy feat, especially in an atmosphere of academic contention. In this remarkable account, Acuña reveals how California State University, Northridge, was instrumental in developing an area of study that offers more than 166 sections per semester, taught by 26 tenured and 45 part-time instructors. He provides vignettes of successful programs across the country and offers contemporary educators and students a game plan--the mechanics for creating a successful Chicana/o studies discipline--and a comprehensive index of current Chicana/o studies programs nationwide. Latinas/os, of which Mexican Americans are nearly seventy percent, comprise a complex sector of society projected to be just shy of thirty percent of the nation's population by 2050. The Making of Chicana/o Studies identifies what went wrong in the history of Chicana/o studies and offers tangible solutions for the future.
Posted in Social Science

English as a Global Language

Author: David Crystal

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107611806

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 212

View: 9941

David Crystal's classic English as a Global Language considers the history, present status and future of the English language, focusing on its role as the leading international language. English has been deemed the most 'successful' language ever, with 1500 million speakers internationally, presenting a difficult task to those who wish to investigate it in its entirety. However, Crystal explores the subject in a measured but engaging way, always backing up observations with facts and figures. Written in a detailed and fascinating manner, this is a book written by an expert both for specialists in the subject and for general readers interested in the English language.
Posted in Language Arts & Disciplines

We Will Rise

Rebuilding the Mexikah Nation

Author: Kurly Tlapoyawa

Publisher: Trafford Publishing

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 199

View: 5730

Mexikah Tiwi!!! - Forward Mexicanos!!! A bold cultural movement is emerging among the Chicano-Mexicano people. A movement known as "Mexikayotl" (Meh-Shee-Kah-Yoht) which seeks to reclaim, preserve, and advance their Indigenous heritage. But to define Mexikayotl as a mere movement is not enough - it is a vibrant living philosophy, a means by which Chicano-Mexicanos can reclaim their rightful place in the world. The book you now hold in your hands is an introduction to this way of life, offering a glimpse into the complex Indigenous heritage of the Chicano-Mexicano nation. As an Indigenous (Native American) people, the majority of Chicano-Mexicanos have been denied the ability to fully embrace and celebrate their cultural heritage. They have had worthless labels such as "Spanish," "Hispanic," "Latino," and even "Indo-Hispano" deliberately thrust upon them - labels which deny their Native roots and replace their cultural identity with that of a white European. Mexikayotl offers a solution to this ignorant practice of demographic genocide. To have a Mexikah identity is a proud and assertive cultural statement. The word, within its modern context, describes an Indigenous (ethnic) Mexican - a member of one of the many Indigenous nations which thrive in the country of Mexico. It is an identity which allows detribalized Chicano-Mexicanos to openly embrace their Native heritage. To share a common Mexikah identity is not to deny your Purepecha, Raramuri, Yaqui or Mixteka blood - Mexikayotl is not about division. It is an open declaration that even after 500+ years of cultural imperialism and Hispanic genocide, Chicano-Mexicanos remain a proud nation of Indigenous people!
Posted in History

Chicana Movidas

New Narratives of Activism and Feminism in the Movement Era

Author: Dionne Espinoza,María Eugenia Cotera,Maylei Blackwell

Publisher: University of Texas Press

ISBN: 1477315594

Category: Social Science

Page: 592

View: 6393

With contributions from a wide array of scholars and activists, including leading Chicana feminists from the period, this groundbreaking anthology is the first collection of scholarly essays and testimonios that focuses on Chicana organizing, activism, and leadership in the movement years. The essays in Chicana Movidas: New Narratives of Activisim and Feminism in the Movement Era demonstrate how Chicanas enacted a new kind of politica at the intersection of race, class, gender, and sexuality, and developed innovative concepts, tactics, and methodologies that in turn generated new theories, art forms, organizational spaces, and strategies of alliance. These are the technologies of resistance documented in Chicana Movidas, a volume that brings together critical biographies of Chicana activists and their bodies of work; essays that focus on understudied organizations, mobilizations, regions, and subjects; examinations of emergent Chicana archives and the politics of collection; and scholarly approaches that challenge the temporal, political, heteronormative, and spatial limits of established Chicano movement narratives. Charting the rise of a field of knowledge that crosses the boundaries of Chicano studies, feminist theory, and queer theory, Chicana Movidas: New Narratives of Activisim and Feminism in the Movement Era offers a transgenerational perspective on the intellectual and political legacies of early Chicana feminism.
Posted in Social Science

Bless Me, Ultima

Author: Rudolfo Anaya

Publisher: Grand Central Publishing

ISBN: 1455521329

Category: Fiction

Page: 272

View: 6268

Stories filled with wonder and the haunting beauty of his culture have helped make Rudolfo Anaya the father of Chicano literature in English, and his tales fairly shimmer with the lyric richness of his prose. Acclaimed in both Spanish and English, Anaya is perhaps best loved for his classic bestseller ... Antonio Marez is six years old when Ultima comes to stay with his family in New Mexico. She is a curandera, one who cures with herbs and magic. Under her wise wing, Tony will test the bonds that tie him to his people, and discover himself in the pagan past, in his father's wisdom, and in his mother's Catholicism. And at each life turn there is Ultima, who delivered Tony into the world-and will nurture the birth of his soul. (68,000 words)
Posted in Fiction

Global Capitalist Crisis and the Second Great Depression

Egalitarian Systemic Models for Change

Author: Armando Navarro

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 0739170171

Category: Political Science

Page: 436

View: 5732

This book provides a comprehensive political, economic, and historical analysis of the events and circumstances from the 1920s to 2010 that impacted the rise of today’s “Global Capitalist Crises,” Global Economic Crises, and the U.S. s’ “Second Great Depression.” It argues that liberal capitalism is a “failed” political and economic system in dire need of “systemic change”into either social democracy or democratic socialism via the creation of a New Movement.
Posted in Political Science

Women, Culture, and Politics in Latin America

Author: Seminar on Feminism & Culture in Latin America

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520909076

Category: Social Science

Page: 284

View: 2765

The result of a collaboration among eight women scholars, this collection examines the history of women’s participation in literary, journalistic, educational, and political activity in Latin American history, with special attention to the first half of this century.
Posted in Social Science

Becoming Mexican American

Ethnicity, Culture, and Identity in Chicano Los Angeles, 1900-1945

Author: George J. Sanchez

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199880034

Category: Social Science

Page: 400

View: 1733

Twentieth-century Los Angeles has been the locus of one of the most profound and complex interactions between variant cultures in American history. Yet this study is among the first to examine the relationship between ethnicity and identity among the largest immigrant group to that city. By focusing on Mexican immigrants to Los Angeles from 1900 to 1945, George J. S?nchez explores the process by which temporary sojourners altered their orientation to that of permanent residents, thereby laying the foundation for a new Mexican-American culture. Analyzing not only formal programs aimed at these newcomers by the United States and Mexico, but also the world created by these immigrants through family networks, religious practice, musical entertainment, and work and consumption patterns, S?nchez uncovers the creative ways Mexicans adapted their culture to life in the United States. When a formal repatriation campaign pushed thousands to return to Mexico, those remaining in Los Angeles launched new campaigns to gain civil rights as ethnic Americans through labor unions and New Deal politics. The immigrant generation, therefore, laid the groundwork for the emerging Mexican-American identity of their children.
Posted in Social Science