Methodology: Who Needs It?

Author: Martyn Hammersley

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 144621012X

Category: Reference

Page: 224

View: 2517

The literature on social science methods and the issues surrounding them has grown massively and continues to increase. Yet many social scientists are ambivalent about methodology. For some, it plays a central, perhaps even an all-encompassing, role; while, for others, it is desirable only in small amounts, or indeed is regarded as an irrelevance, as a distraction from actually doing research. In this book, Hammersley argues that, in large part, this reflects and is part of a wider problem: the gradual decline of a previously influential academic model of inquiry. This has occurred as a result of ideological challenges and the erosion of the institutional conditions that support academic work. He defends this model, spelling out the demands it places upon social scientists, and examining such issues as the proper role of methodology, the nature of objectivity, the false idea that social scientists should be intellectuals or social critics, the dialectic of academic discussion, the ethics of belief, and the limits of academic freedom. More broadly, he also questions the role of the social research within society and what it means to be a social scientist in the 21st century. Hammersley's book is engagingly written and controversial. It tackles the major issues of contemporary social research methodology head on and is an essential read for anyone with an interest in this field.
Posted in Reference

What is Qualitative Research?

Author: Martyn Hammersley

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 1849666067

Category: Reference

Page: 144

View: 5413

This book illuminates the problems and perspectives of qualitative research and offers researchers a comprehensive overview of the various types of .
Posted in Reference

Ethics in Qualitative Research

Controversies and Contexts

Author: Martyn Hammersley,Anna Traianou

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 0857021419

Category: Social Science

Page: 175

View: 6853

Ethics in Qualitative Research explores this field and presents a distinctive perspective; one that is at odds with the assumptions underpinning ethical regulation, but also with the views of many qualitative researchers today. Martyn Hammersley and Anna Traianou emphasize the difficult and controversial character of ethical issues, and examine the philosophical assumptions involved, the social contexts in which key ethical principles arise, and their implications for research practice. The authors argue that the starting point for any discussion of research ethics must be the values intrinsic to research, above all the commitment to knowledge-production.
Posted in Social Science

Social Research

Philosophy, Politics and Practice

Author: Martyn Hammersley

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780803988057

Category: Social Science

Page: 242

View: 7629

This critical introduction to the principles of social and educational research draws together a key set of readings which offers a comprehensive approach to the wide range of values and practice in social research. Issues explored include: the relationship between quantitative and qualitative methods; positivism and the role of the natural sciences as a model for social research; the purposes of research - knowledge or the transformation of the social world; issues of race, gender and power in social research; the politics and ethics of data collection; and the validity and relevance of social research. Social Research is a set book for The Open University course DEH313 Principles of Social and Educational Resear
Posted in Social Science

Research Methodology

A Step-by-Step Guide for Beginners

Author: Ranjit Kumar

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1446297829

Category: Social Science

Page: 432

View: 6267

Lecturers - request an e-inspection copy of this text or contact your local SAGE representative to discuss your course needs. Research Methodology: A Step by Step Guide for Beginners has been written specifically for those with no previous experience of research or research methodology. Written in a logical and accessible style and providing helpful techniques and examples, it breaks the process of designing and doing a research project into eight manageable operational steps. The book guides you through your project from beginning to end by offering practical advice on: formulating a research question ethical considerations carrying out a literature review choosing a research design selecting a sample collecting and analysing qualitative and quantitative data writing a research report. The book is essential reading for undergraduate and postgraduate students in the social sciences embarking on quantitative or qualitative research projects. Available with Perusall—an eBook that makes it easier to prepare for class Perusall is an award-winning eBook platform featuring social annotation tools that allow students and instructors to collaboratively mark up and discuss their SAGE textbook. Backed by research and supported by technological innovations developed at Harvard University, this process of learning through collaborative annotation keeps your students engaged and makes teaching easier and more effective. Learn more.
Posted in Social Science

The SAGE Handbook of Case-Based Methods

Author: David Byrne,Charles C Ragin

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1412930510

Category: Social Science

Page: 542

View: 4345

This handbook provides a clear examination of case-oriented research. It defines case-based social research as a subfield of methodology.
Posted in Social Science

Ethics in Qualitative Research

Author: Tina Miller,Maxine Birch,Melanie Mauthner,Julie Jessop

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1446290913

Category: Reference

Page: 208

View: 3177

This fresh, confident second edition expands its focus on the theoretical and practical aspects of doing qualitative research in light of new ethical dilemmas facing researchers today. In a climate of significant social and technological change, researchers must respond to increased ethical regulation and scrutiny of research. New sources, types of data and modes of accessing participants are all challenging and reconfiguring traditional ideas of the research relationship. This engaging textbook explores key ethical dilemmas - including research boundaries, informed consent, participation, rapport and analysis - within the context of a rapidly changing research environment. The book effectively covers the ethical issues related to the data collection process, helping readers to address the ethical considerations relevant to their research. This fully updated new edition: - Maps the changing and increasingly technology-reliant aspects of research relationships and practices - Provides researchers with guidance through practical examples, enabling those engaged in qualitative research to question and navigate in ethical ways This book is essential reading for all those engaged in qualitative research across the social sciences.
Posted in Reference

Social Network Analysis

History, Theory and Methodology

Author: Christina Prell

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1446290131

Category: Social Science

Page: 272

View: 4835

We live in a world that is paradoxically both small and vast; each of us is embedded in local communities and yet we are only a few 'links' away from anyone else in the world. This engaging book represents these interdependencies' positive and negative consequences, their multiple effects and the ways in which a local occurrence in one part of the world can directly affect the rest. Then it demonstrates precisely how these interactions and relationships form. This is a book for the social network novice learning how to study, think about and analyse social networks; the intermediate user, not yet familiar with some of the newer developments in the field; and the teacher looking for a range of exercises, as well as an up-to-date historical account of the field. It is divided into three clear sections: 1. historical & Background Concepts 2. Levels of Analysis 3. Advances, Extensions and Conclusions The book provides a full overview of the field - historical origins, common theoretical perspectives and frameworks; traditional and current analytical procedures and fundamental mathematical equations needed to get a foothold in the field.
Posted in Social Science

Questioning Qualitative Inquiry

Critical Essays

Author: Martyn Hammersley

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 0857026771

Category: Social Science

Page: 216

View: 3818

Is qualitative research in crisis? In Questioning Qualitative Inquiry Martyn Hammersley raises fundamental questions about the current state of qualitative social research. He examines some of the changes that have taken place within it over the past fifty years, suggesting that the move away from natural science as a model, and towards an appeal to literature and art, involves rejection of key principles that are essential to research of any kind. Hammersley argues that, in important respects, qualitative inquiry has not lived up to the claims originally made on its behalf, and that more recent developments have worsened the situation. Insufficient attention has been given to the problems surrounding leading ideas like thick description, analytic induction, and constructionism. The argument is pursued through discussion of the work of influential writers - such as Clifford, Geertz, Denzin and Lincoln - and by detailed examination of concrete issues, like the value of interview data, the rationales for discourse and conversation analysis, the role of rhetoric in research reports, and the nature of assessment criteria. At a time when qualitative inquiry is coming under renewed challenge in some quarters, the task of addressing the methodological problems it faces has become urgent. These essays on current developments and debates are essential reading for anyone interested in the future of qualitative research.
Posted in Social Science

Evaluation Methodology Basics

The Nuts and Bolts of Sound Evaluation

Author: E. Jane Davidson

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761929307

Category: Social Science

Page: 263

View: 2304

This book introduces evaluation by focusing on the main kinds of `big picture' questions that evaluations usually need to answer, and how the nature of such questions are linked to evaluation methodology choices. The author: shows how to identify the right criteria for your evaluation; discusses how to objectively figure out which criteria are more important than the others; and, delves into how to combine a mix of qualitative and quantitative data with `relevant values' (such as needs) to draw explicitly evaluative conclusions.
Posted in Social Science

Understanding Research with Children and Young People

Author: Alison Clark,Rosie Flewitt,Martyn Hammersley,Martin Robb

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1473903963

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 328

View: 8677

How do views about children shape research concerned with their lives? What different forms can research with children take? What ethical issues does it involve? How does it impact on policy and practice, and on the lives of children themselves? This book helps you to understand how research is designed and carried out to explore questions about the lives of children and young people. It tackles the methodological, practical and ethical challenges involved, and features examples of actual research that illustrate: Different strategies for carrying out research Common challenges that arise in the research process Varying modes of engagement that researchers can adopt with participants and audiences; and The impact that research can have on future studies, policy and practice.
Posted in Juvenile Nonfiction

Case Study Research

Design and Methods

Author: Robert K. Yin

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412960991

Category: Social Science

Page: 219

View: 7732

Providing a complete portal to the world of case study research, the Fourth Edition of Robert K. Yin’s bestselling text Case Study Research offers comprehensive coverage of the design and use of the case study method as a valid research tool. This thoroughly revised text now covers more than 50 case studies (approximately 25% new), gives fresh attention to quantitative analyses, discusses more fully the use of mixed methods research designs, and includes new methodological insights. The book’s coverage of case study research and how it is applied in practice gives readers access to exemplary case studies drawn from a wide variety of academic and applied fields. Key Features of the Fourth Edition Highlights each specific research feature through 44 boxed vignettes that feature previously published case studies Provides methodological insights to show the similarities between case studies and other social science methods Suggests a three-stage approach to help readers define the initial questions they will consider in their own case study research Covers new material on human subjects protection, the role of Institutional Review Boards, and the interplay between obtaining IRB approval and the final development of the case study protocol and conduct of a pilot case Includes an overall graphic of the entire case study research process at the beginning of the book, then highlights the steps in the process through graphics that appear at the outset of all the chapters that follow Offers in-text learning aids including “tips” that pose key questions and answers at the beginning of each chapter, practical exercises, endnotes, and a new cross-referencing table Case Study Research, Fourth Edition is ideal for courses in departments of Education, Business and Management, Nursing and Public Health, Public Administration, Anthropology, Sociology, and Political Science.
Posted in Social Science

Educational Research

Volume One: Current Issues

Author: Martyn Hammersley

Publisher: SAGE Publications Limited

ISBN: N.A

Category: Education

Page: 242

View: 4598

The chapters in this book outline the history and scope of educational research. They also discuss many of the major issues at stake in current debates, and exemplify the contrasting perspectives to be found in the literature. This is the companion volume to Educational Research in Action (edited by Roger Gomm and Peter Woods). It is one of two course readers for The Open University course E824 Educational Research Methods.
Posted in Education

What's Wrong With Ethnography?

Author: Martyn Hammersley

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136115560

Category: Social Science

Page: 244

View: 7784

This stimulating and refreshing study, written by one of the leading commentators in the field, provides novel answers to these crucial questions. "What's Wrong With Ethnography provides a fresh look at the rationale for and distinctiveness of ethnographic research in sociology, education and related fields, and succeeds in slaying a number of currently fashionable sacred cows. Relativism, critical theory, the uniqueness of the case study and the distinction between qualitative and quantitative research are all examined and found wanting as a basis for informed ethnography. The policy and political implications of ethnography are a particular focus of attention. The author compels the reader to reexamine some basic methodological assumptions in an exciting way", Martin Bulmer, London School of Economics.
Posted in Social Science

The SAGE Dictionary of Statistics & Methodology

A Nontechnical Guide for the Social Sciences

Author: W. Paul Vogt,R. Burke Johnson

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483381781

Category: Reference

Page: 520

View: 534

Written in a clear, readable style with a wide range of explanations and examples, The SAGE Dictionary of Statistics & Methodology, Fifth Edition by W. Paul Vogt and R. Burke Johnson is a must-have dictionary that reflects recent changes in the fields of statistics and methodology. Packed with 500 new definitions, terms, and graphics, the Fifth Edition is an ideal reference for researchers and professionals in the field and provides everything students need to read and understand a research report, including elementary terms, concepts, methodology, and design definitions, as well as concepts from qualitative research methods and terms from theory and philosophy.
Posted in Reference

Methodology of the Oppressed

Author: Chela Sandoval

Publisher: U of Minnesota Press

ISBN: 1452904065

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 241

View: 9394

In a work with far-reaching implications, Chela Sandoval does no less than revise the genealogy of theory over the past thirty years, inserting what she terms "U.S. Third World feminism" into the narrative in a way that thoroughly alters our perspective on contemporary culture and subjectivity. What Sandoval has identified is a language, a rhetoric of resistance to postmodern cultural conditions. U.S liberation movements of the post-World War II era generated specific modes of oppositional consciousness. Out of these emerged a new activity of consciousness and language Sandoval calls the "methodology of the oppressed". This methodology -- born of the strains of the cultural and identity struggles that currently mark global exchange -- holds out the possibility of a new historical moment, a new citizen-subject, and a new form of alliance consciousness and politics. Utilizing semiotics and U.S. Third World feminist criticism, Sandoval demonstrates how this methodology mobilizes love as a category of critical analysis. Rendering this approach in all its specifics, Methodology of the Oppressed gives rise to an alternative mode of criticism opening new perspectives on a theoretical, literary, aesthetic, social movement, or psychic expression.
Posted in Literary Criticism

Case Study Method

Key Issues, Key Texts

Author: Roger Gomm,Martyn Hammersley,Peter Foster

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1446275698

Category: Social Science

Page: 288

View: 3847

This is the most comprehensive guide to the current uses and importance of case study methods in social research. The editors bring together key contributions from the field which reflect different interpretations of the purpose and capacity of case study research. The address issues such as: the problem of generalizing from study of a small number of cases; and the role of case study in developing and testing theories. The editors offer in-depth assessments of the main arguments. An annotated bibliography of the literature dealing with case study research makes this an exhaustive and indispensable guide. `This is a worthwhile book which will be useful to readers. It collects together key sources on a topic which is a "hardy perennial", guaranteeing its relevance for academics, researchers, and students on higher level methods programmes. The editorial contributions are by well-known authorities in the field, are carefully-constructed, and take a clear position. I would certainly want this book on my shelf' - Nigel Fielding, University of Surrey
Posted in Social Science

Mass Media Research

Author: Roger D. Wimmer,Joseph R. Dominick

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1133307337

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 496

View: 5873

Quality media is the result of meticulous research. MASS MEDIA RESEARCH: AN INTRODUCTION, 10e, shows you how it happens--from content analysis to surveys to experimental research--and then equips you with expert tips on analyzing the media you encounter in your daily life. Reflecting the latest developments from the field, this popular book delivers a comprehensive overview of mass communication research and a thorough exploration of each major approach--including qualitative research, content analysis, survey research, longitudinal research, and experimental research. It also fully integrates social media coverage, ethics, and the impact of merging technology. Available with InfoTrac Student Collections http://gocengage.com/infotrac. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
Posted in Business & Economics

Research Methods in European Union Studies

Author: K. Lynggaard,I. Manners,K. Löfgren

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137316969

Category: Political Science

Page: 342

View: 9529

This collection sets a new agenda for conducting research on the EU and learns from past mistakes. In doing so it provides a state-of-the-art examination of social science research designs in EU studies while providing innovative guidelines for the advancement of more inclusive and empirically sensitive research designs in EU studies
Posted in Political Science

The Politics of Social Research

Author: Martyn Hammersley

Publisher: SAGE Publications Limited

ISBN: 9780803977198

Category: Social Science

Page: 200

View: 8689

Is social research political? Should it be political? What are the implications of the politicization of social research? Recent years have seen a growing range of challenges to the idea that research should be governed by the principle of value neutrality. Critical, feminist, antiracist and postmodernist analyses have argued that social research is intrinsically political. In this stimulating and often controversial book, Martyn Hammersley weighs the arguments offered in support of these positions. He considers the fundamental issues that the debate raises about the nature of social research, its political dimensions and its contemporary relevance. At the same time he provides a robust defence of value neutrality as a con
Posted in Social Science