Mental Retardation in America

A Historical Reader

Author: Steven Noll,James Trent

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 0814782477

Category: History

Page: 513

View: 934

A collection of essays and documents chronicilizing the history of treatment, labeling, and understanding of mental retardating in the U.S. NYUP is one the forefront of publishing in disability studies.
Posted in History

Inventing the Feeble Mind

A History of Intellectual Disability in the United States

Author: James W. Trent

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199396183


Page: 392

View: 6750

Pity, disgust, fear, cure, and prevention - all are words that Americans have used to make sense of what today we call intellectual disability. Inventing the Feeble Mind explores the history of this disability from its several identifications over the past 200 years: idiocy, imbecility,feeblemindedness, mental defect, mental deficiency, mental retardation, and most recently intellectual disability. Using institutional records, private correspondence, personal memories, and rare photographs, James Trent argues that the economic vulnerability of intellectually disabled people (andoften their families), more than the claims made for their intellectual and social limitations, has shaped meaning, services, and policies in United States history.
Posted in

The Best of AAMR

Families and Mental Retardation : a Collection of Notable AAMR Journal Articles Across the 20th Century

Author: Jan Blacher,Bruce L. Baker

Publisher: AAMR

ISBN: 0940898764

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 382

View: 8170

This historical reference chronicles parental involvement-or the surprising lack of-in mental retardation services from 1876 to 2000 in America. Thirty-two papers taken from the American Journal on Mental Retardation and Mental Retardation speak forcibly on the field's relationship with families of persons with intellectual disabilities. "I would encourage all staff working directly with families as well as those responsible for policy development to read this book-both the original articles and the editors' reflections." Journal of Learning Disabilities
Posted in Family & Relationships

American Educational History

School, Society, and the Common Good

Author: William Jeynes

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412914205

Category: Education

Page: 469

View: 9305

American Educational History: School, Society, and the Common Good is an up-to-date, contemporary examination of historical trends that have helped shape schools and education in the United States. Author William H. Jeynes places a strong emphasis on recent history, most notably post-World War II issues such as the role of technology, the standards movement, affirmative action, bilingual education, undocumented immigrants, school choice, and much more!
Posted in Education

These, Too, Must be Equal

America's Needs in Habilitation & Employment of the Mentally Retarded

Author: United States. President's Committee on Mental Retardation

Publisher: N.A


Category: Mentally handicapped

Page: 22

View: 4421

Posted in Mentally handicapped

Understanding Mental Retardation

Author: Edward Zigler,Robert M. Hodapp

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521318785

Category: Medical

Page: 292

View: 3857

Understanding Mental Retardation constitutes an up-to-date guide to current research and theory for specialists and students alike. Throughout, Edward Zigler and Robert M. Hodapp draw on our knowledge of normal development to inform their discussion of various aspects of retardation. Two introductory chapters provide the developmental framework for this discussion. Topics addressed include issues of definition, classification, and prevalence; motivation and personality factors; intervention in the lives of organically and so-called familial retarded persons; the possibility of 'miracle cures'; and the problems of institutionalization and mainstreaming. The authors' clear presentation and judicious evaluation of the available evidence will attract the attention of a wide audience.
Posted in Medical

Ethics and Mental Retardation

Author: J.C. Moskop,L.M. Kopelman

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401714800

Category: Medical

Page: 259

View: 846

This volume offers a collection of writings on ethical issues regarding retarded persons. Because this important subject has been generally omitted from formal discussions of ethics, there is a great deal which needs to be addressed in a theoretical and critical way. Of course, many people have been very concerned with practical matters concerning the care of retarded persons such as what liberties, entitlements or advocacy they should have. Interestingly, because so much practical attention has been given to issues which are not discussed by ethical theorists, they offer a rare opportunity to evaluate ethical theories themselves. That is, certain theories which appear convincing on other subjects seem implausible when they are applied to reasoned and com pelling views we hold concerning retarded individuals. Our subject, then, has both practical and conceptual dimensions. More over, because it is one where pertinent information comes from many sources, contributors to this volume represent many fields, including philosophy, religion, history, law and medicine. We regret that it was not possible to include more points of view, like those of psychologists, sociologists, nurses and families. There is however, a good and longstanding literature on mental retardation from these perspectives.
Posted in Medical

Intellectual Disability

An Inability to Cope with an Intellectually Demanding World

Author: S. Whitaker

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137025581

Category: Education

Page: 199

View: 7840

The current construct of intellectual disability is based on the assumption that both IQ and adaptive behaviour can be measured accurately. Intellectual Disability explains how and why this is not fit for purpose and that it is actually neither necessary nor reasonable to have a single construct of intellectual disability.
Posted in Education

Genetics of Mental Retardation

An Overview Encompassing Learning Disability and Intellectual Disability

Author: Samantha J. L. Knight

Publisher: Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers

ISBN: 3805592809

Category: Medical

Page: 165

View: 4055

This remarkable publication focuses on the importance of genetics in mental retardation, investigating the extent to which molecular diagnostic capability and the understanding of genetic causes have improved over recent years. As a result, clinical evaluation and diagnostic laboratory practice are now undergoing an unprecedented period of change. In a single volume, a unique combination of key individuals and world-class clinical, diagnostic and research-based experts share specialized, state-of the-art knowledge in this field. The parents' perspective lies behind chapters dealing with issues such as: - Classification nomenclature - Well-known syndromes - How modern technologies have resulted in newly identified syndromes - How genome architecture can influence disease - Guidelines for clinical evaluation - Valuable database resources for clinical, diagnostic and research departments - Challenges involved in data interpretation and determining clinical relevance - Genetic overlaps with autism and schizophrenia - Processes of health service implementation Genetics of Mental Retardation is an invaluable resource for researchers and students with an active interest in the field. Furthermore, consultants and trainees in clinical genetics and pediatrics, and researchers working in clinical genetics laboratories will benefit from these reviews.
Posted in Medical

Mental Retardation in Social Context

Author: Duane F. Stroman

Publisher: N.A


Category: Déficience intellectuelle - Aspect social - États-Unis

Page: 353

View: 8825

In this timely book Professor Stroman reviews the complex origins of mental retardation, and explores the changing historical pattern of treatment of those with mental retardation, including their education, work and family life. This volume also covers the evolving policy issues interfaced with services available for the mentally retarded. A source of ideas, experiences, data, and information about services that parents, educators, administrators and social service workers will find illuminating and helpful. Contents: include: Issues in Mental Retardation; The Nature, Prevalence and Variations of Mental Retardation; The Causes and Prevention of Mental Retardation; The Treatment of the Mentally Retarded in Historical Perspective; Mental Retardation and Family Life; Services, Advocacy Services and Self-Advocacy in Normalization; Deinstitutionalization and the Residential Lives of the Retarded; Education of the Mentally Retarded; and Vocational Services and Employment for the Ret
Posted in Déficience intellectuelle - Aspect social - États-Unis

Mental Retardation in the Year 2000

Author: Louis Rowitz

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461391156

Category: Psychology

Page: 389

View: 6957

When you look at the advances in the field of mental retardation over the past 30 years, it is hard to imagine that more change is inevitable. Yet, I think back to the time when, early in his presidency, President Kennedy called together the brightest scientists, researchers, doctors, and educators to develop a comprehensive plan for the nation to effectively care for, treat, educate, and house persons with mental retardation. In the early 1960s the call for new research into the causes and the amelioration of mental retardation, the development of community-based programs, and the development of family care for appropriate education, vocational training, and jobs were seen as revolutionary. But, in the 30 years since then, we have seen time and time again that it is persons with mental retardation themselves who have led the way. When the schools were opened to them, they learned more than any one ever thought possible; when vocational training was provided, they learned skills that led to jobs; when employment became available, they proved to be good steady workers who earned money and paid taxes. When the playing fields were made available to them through programs such as Special Olympics, they showed the world they could train and compete and WIN in the sports of the Olympics. When communities welcomed them, they became our neighbors. They have earned the right to play on any field, to study in any school, to hold a paying job, and to be anyone's neighbor.
Posted in Psychology

Understanding Mental Retardation

Author: Patricia Ainsworth (M.D.),Pamela C. Baker

Publisher: Univ. Press of Mississippi

ISBN: 9781604730531

Category: Psychology

Page: 200

View: 7804

CONSUMER HEALTH . What measures can parents and advocates take to insure that people who have mental retardation live full, rewarding lives from infancy to old age?. Understanding Mental Retardation explores a diverse group of disorders from their biological roots to the everyday challenges faced by this special population and their families. With parents and those who care for people who have mental retardation in mind, Patricia Ainsworth and Pamela C. Baker write in a style that is at once accessible, informative, and sympathetic to the concerns of those affected. The authors provide practical information that will assist families and other advocates in obtaining needed services. They discuss assessment and treatment, education and employment, social and sexual adjustment, as well as regulatory and legal issues. This book covers the causes of mental retardation, the signs and symptoms of the most common forms of these disorders, and issues of prevention. For the sake of comparison, the book describes basic concepts of normal human development and references the history of Western civilization's responses to those with mental retardation. Understanding Mental Retardation sheds new light on mental illnesses that can complicate the lives of those with mental retardation, and the way symptoms of mental illness may appear confused or masked in a patient with mental retardation. Along with information on treatments and diagnoses, the book offers contact information for governmental resources, as well as a brief summary of the legal issues pertaining to mental retardation in America. Patricia Ainsworth is an assistant professor of psychiatry and human behavior at the University of Mississippi Medical Center, and has a private practice in Ridgeland, Mississippi. She is the author of Understanding Depression (University Press of Mississippi). Pamela C. Baker is director of the South Mississippi Regional Center in Long Beach, Mississippi. She is also an independent consultant in management and disabilities administration and co-editor of Embarking on a New Century: Mental Retardation at the End of the 20th Century .
Posted in Psychology

The Effects of Autism on the Family

Author: Eric Schopler,Gary B. Mesibov

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1489922938

Category: Psychology

Page: 364

View: 6937

As the oldest statewide program serving autistic people in the United States, North Carolina's Division TEACCH (Treatment and Education of Autistic and related Communication handicapped CHildren) has had a major impact on ser vices for these people and their families. As we move into our second decade, we are frequently questioned about all aspects of our procedures, techniques, and program. Of all the questions that are asked, however, the one that comes up most frequently and seems to set our program apart from others concerns the ways in which we work with families. To help answer this question we identified what we have found to be the major components in our parent-professional relationships, and we elaborate on these with the most current research informa tion, clinical insights, and community knowledge available through the expertise of our distinguished contributors. Our purpose was to collect the most recent information and to organize the resulting volume along the outlines of the par ent-professional relationship found most important in the TEACCH program. Thus, the four main sections of the book include these four major ways profes sionals work with parents: as their advocates, their trainers, their trainees, and their reciprocal emotional support source. To the extent this effort was success ful, we acknowledge that it is easier to organize book chapters along these dimensions than it is to provide their implementation in the field.
Posted in Psychology

United States

Beyond Reason : the Death Penalty and Offenders with Mental Retardation

Author: N.A

Publisher: Human Rights Watch


Category: Capital punishment

Page: 50

View: 7021

Posted in Capital punishment

Children with Disabilities in America

A Historical Handbook and Guide

Author: Philip L. Safford,Elizabeth J. Safford

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780313331466

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 201

View: 9832

Synthesizing the history of childhood and disability studies, this handbook utilizes historical inquiry in a new way to illuminate children's experience with disability outside of reforms, programs, and services.
Posted in Health & Fitness


Author: Allan Tasman,Jerald Kay,Jeffrey A. Lieberman,Michael B. First,Michelle Riba

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118753364

Category: Medical

Page: 2768

View: 4044

Now in a new Fourth Edition, Psychiatry remains the leading reference on all aspects of the current practice and latest developments in psychiatry. From an international team of recognised expert editors and contributors, Psychiatry provides a truly comprehensive overview of the entire field of psychiatry in 132 chapters across two volumes. It includes two new sections, on psychosomatic medicine and collaborative care, and on emergency psychiatry, and compares Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM-5) and International Classification of Diseases (ICD10) classifications for every psychiatric disorder. Psychiatry, Fourth Edition is an essential reference for psychiatrists in clinical practice and clinical research, residents in training, and for all those involved in the treatment psychiatric disorders. Includes a a companion website at featuring PDFs of each chapter and downloadable images
Posted in Medical

Principles and Practice of Lifespan Developmental Neuropsychology

Author: Jacobus Donders,Scott J. Hunter

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139485644

Category: Psychology

Page: N.A

View: 9160

Lifespan developmental neuropsychology is the study of the systematic behavioral, cognitive, and psychosocial changes and growth that occur across infancy, adolescence, adulthood and later life. This book provides insight into how brain-behavior relationships change over time, how disorders differ in presentation across the lifespan, and what longer-term outcomes look like. Providing practical guidance in a succinct and accessible format, this book covers the most common neurodevelopmental, behavioral and cognitive disorders, including but not limited to ADHD, cerebral palsy, traumatic brain injury, and epilepsy. Key points concerning the practice of developmental neuropsychology are emphasized in order to aid understanding of neuropsychological development and its impact on behavior, emotion, cognition, and social integration. This will be essential reading for advanced graduate students and early career professionals in the fields of neuropsychology, pediatric psychology, clinical psychology, school psychology, and rehabilitation psychology, as well as practitioners in the allied fields that interact with neuropsychology.
Posted in Psychology

Mental Retardation

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A


Category: Mental retardation

Page: N.A

View: 5358

Posted in Mental retardation

Problem Based Learning In Mental Retardation

Author: Dr. PS Reddy

Publisher: Xlibris Corporation

ISBN: 1465397272

Category: Medical

Page: 141

View: 9409

Many students and trainees starting their work with people having mental retardation find it difficult to understand the similarities and uniqueness with which they present and the need for good management. There are a variety of service inputs and models to meet some of the mental health needs of children, young people and adults with learning disabilities. The services for such children are provided by specific Learning Disability psychiatric teams or by challenging behaviour teams. Generic child health and the voluntary sectors provide some elements of the service. However, the above mentioned services do not have a specific remit to look after all the physical and mental health needs of children and young people with learning disabilities and that has created a lack of coherence in service provision. Professionals working with these children, need a basic understanding of the needs, assessment methods and management techniques and this book tries to address those issues. There is some confusion with the terminology used for this client group. The Department of Health adopted “learning disability” as the term to identify the condition of “mental retardation”, the term used in the International Classification of Diseases 10th edition “ICD-10”. The Department of Education uses the term “learning difficulty” (Education Act 1993) and the American literature uses “learning disability” to refer to the ICD-10 term “specific developmental disorders”. In this book, in order to increase consistency we will use the ICD-10 terminology. The book is aimed to be a basic introductory book focussing on essential theory and practice of managing learning disability and mental health issues related to learning disability. The MCQ's and problem solving way of presentation is designed to avoid repetition and to help in focussed learning for examinations.
Posted in Medical

The Gun and the Pen

Hemingway, Fitzgerald, Faulkner, and the Fiction of Mobilization

Author: Keith Gandal

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199313989

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 288

View: 5289

Ernest Hemingway, F. Scott Fitzgerald, and William Faulkner stand as the American voice of the Great War. But was it warfare that drove them to write? Not according to Keith Gandal, who argues that the authors' famous postwar novels were motivated not by their experiences of the horrors of war but rather by their failure to have those experiences. These 'quintessential' male American novelists of the 1920s were all, for different reasons, deemed unsuitable as candidates for full military service or command. As a result, Gandal contends, they felt themselves emasculated--not, as the usual story goes, due to their encounters with trench warfare, but because they got nowhere near the real action. Bringing to light previously unexamined Army records, including new information about the intelligence tests, The Gun and the Pen demonstrates that the authors' frustrated military ambitions took place in the forgotten context of the unprecedented U.S. mobilization for the Great War, a radical effort to transform the Army into a meritocratic institution, indifferent to ethnic and class difference (though not to racial difference). For these Lost Generation writers, the humiliating failure vis-?-vis the Army meant an embarrassment before women and an inability to compete successfully in a rising social order, against a new set of people. The Gun and the Pen restores these seminal novels to their proper historical context and offers a major revision of our understanding of America's postwar literature.
Posted in Literary Criticism