Offers a perceptive critique of the universalized model of psychiatry and its apparent exportation from the West to the developing world. Rooted in detailed analysis of the problems this causes, the book proposes new suggestions for advancing the field of mental health and wellbeing in a way that is ethical, sustainable and culturally sensitive.
Culture, Globalization and Development
Author: S. Fernando
Category: Social Science
This handbook incisively explores challenges and opportunities that exist in efforts aimed at addressing inequities in mental health provision across the globe. Drawing on various disciplines across the humanities, psychology, and social sciences it charts the emergence of Global Mental Health as a field of study. It critically reflects on efforts and interventions being made to globalize mental health policies, and discusses key themes relevant for understanding and supporting the mental health needs of people living in diverse socio-economical and cultural environments. Over three rich sections, the handbook critically engages with Global Mental Health discourses. To help guide future efforts to support mental health and wellbeing in different parts of the world, the third section of the handbook consists of case studies of innovative mental health policy and practice, which are presented from a variety of different perspectives. This seminal handbook will appeal to a transnational community of post-graduate students, academics and practitioners, from global health to transcultural psychiatry and medical anthropology. It will be also of interest to researchers and clinical practitioners, policy makers and non-governmental organisations involved in cross-cultural mental health work.
Author: Ross G. White,Sumeet Jain,David M.R. Orr,Ursula M. Read
An exceptional showcase of interdisciplinary research, Critical Inquiries for Social Justice in Mental Health presents various critical theories, methodologies, and methods for transforming mental health research and fostering socially-just mental health practices. Marina Morrow and Lorraine Halinka Malcoe have assembled an array of international scholars, activists, and practitioners whose work exposes and disrupts the dominant neoliberal and individualist practices found in contemporary mental research, policy, and practice. The contributors employ a variety of methodologies including intersectional, decolonizing, indigenous, feminist, post-structural, transgender, queer, and critical realist approaches in order to interrogate the manifestation of power relations in mental health systems and its impact on people with mental distress. Additionally, the contributors enable the reader to reimagine systems and supports designed from the bottom up, in which the people most affected have decision-making authority over their formations. Critical Inquiries for Social Justice in Mental Health demonstrates why and how theory matters for knowledge production, policy, and practice in mental health, and it creates new imaginings of decolonized and democratized mental health systems, of abundant community-centred supports, and of a world where human differences are affirmed.
Author: Marina Morrow,Lorraine Halinka Malcoe
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
This far-reaching volume analyzes the social, cultural, political, and economic factors contributing to mental health issues and shaping treatment options in the Asian and Pacific world. Multiple lenses examine complex experiences and needs in this vast region, identifying not only cultural issues at the individual and collective levels, but also the impacts of colonial history, effects of war and disasters, and the current climate of globalization on mental illness and its care. These concerns are located in the larger context of physical health and its determinants, worldwide goals such as reducing global poverty, and the evolving mental health response to meet rising challenges affecting the diverse populations of the region. Chapters focus on countries in East, Southeast, and South Asia plus Oceania and Australia, describing: · National history of psychiatry and its acceptance. · Present-day mental health practice and services. · Mental/physical health impact of recent social change. · Disparities in accessibility, service delivery, and quality of care. · Collaborations with indigenous and community approaches to healing. · Current mental health resources, the state of policy, and areas for intervention. A welcome addition to the global health literature, Mental Health in Asia and the Pacific brings historical depth and present-day insight to practitioners providing services in this diverse area of the world as well as researchers and policymakers studying the region.
Historical and Cultural Perspectives
Author: Harry Minas,Milton Lewis
Richard Prestons populärwissenschaftlicher Tatsachen-Thriller liest sich spannender als jeder Horror-Roman. Preston berichtet darin über die ersten Infektionen mit dem Ebola-Virus vor über vierzig Jahren. Sein Tatsachenthriller von 1998 ist immer noch hochaktuell, wie die schreckliche Ebola-Epidemie in Zentralafrika gerade zeigt. Ebola gehört zu den gefährlichsten Killerviren. Diese aus dem Afrikanischen Regenwald stammenden sogenannten „Filoviren“, können einen Menschen auf grausamste Art und Weise töten. Das Virus löst innerhalb weniger Tage die inneren Organe auf, und der Erkrankte verblutet von innen. Das Virus ist zudem extrem ansteckend, und weltweit gibt es immer noch kein wirksames Heilmittel dagegen. Deshalb ist es nicht auszuschließen, dass die Menschheit eines Tages einer Seuche wie Ebola erliegen könnte. Preston schildert, wie der Ebola-Erreger über Affen, die für medizinische Versuche importiert wurden, schließlich nach Amerika kommt. In einem kleinen Labor in Reston, USA, verbreitet er Angst und Schrecken. Als sich die Seuche unter den im Quarantänelager zusammengepferchten Affen ausbreitet, rufen die Betreiber der Anlage die Gesundheitsbehörden zu Hilfe. Bald müssen die Wissenschaftler feststellen, dass sich das Virus inzwischen nicht nur durch Kontakt, sondern auch durch die Luft verbreiten kann.
Ebola, das tödliche Virus
Author: Richard Preston
Publisher: Knaur eBook
Category: Health & Fitness
This project is unique in the field for a number of reasons, both in structure and in content. Specifically, it will have leading experts on specific age groups (Childhood to Adolescence, Young Adulthood to Middle Age, and The Elderly) within the cultural groups of interest (European-Americans, African-Americans, Asian-Americans, Hispanic-Americans, and Native Americans) contribute a chapter covering current research on both positive and negative functioning for each population. Each chapter will present basic demographic information, strengths that contribute to resilience, and three significant challenges each group faces to maintaining mental health. Each chapter will then include an integrative section, where ideas are advanced about how the strengths of each group can be harnessed to address the challenges that group faces. To conclude, each chapter will propose future directions for research which addresses integrative approaches to mental health for each group, and the implications that such approaches could have for future treatment. The main points of each section of each chapter will be visually summarized in a concluding table.
Author: Edward Chang,Christina A. Downey
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Explodierende Aktienkurse und scheinbar nie dagewesenes Wirtschaftswachstum kennzeichneten die »Goldenen Neunziger« – bis der Absturz in eine weltweite, tiefe und bis heute andauernde Rezession folgte. Was ist schief gelaufen? Nobelpreisträger Joseph Stiglitz zeigt, welchen Kräften sich der schwindelerregende Boom verdankte und inwiefern in ihm bereits die Saat der Zerstörung angelegt war. Stiglitz, als Berater der ersten Clinton-Administration und später Chefökonom der Weltbank ein intimer Kenner des »Tatorts Washington« (NZZ) und der internationalen Konzernzentralen, weiß von den strategischen Entscheidungen in den innersten Zirkeln von Politik und Wirtschaft zu berichten, aber auch von den hitzigen Debatten, die diesen vorausgingen. Selbstkritisch beleuchtet er die globalen Folgen ihres gemeinsamen Tuns: Wie ist die Fixierung auf den Defizitabbau heute zu bewerten? Wie wirkt sich die von der US-Regierung exzessiv betriebene Deregulierung des Marktes aus? Wohin hat uns die Maxime, Eigennutz diene automatisch auch der Allgemeinheit, geführt? Das Gleichgewicht zwischen Staat und Markt ist verloren gegangen, so Stiglitz’ zentrale These. Um diese Balance wiederherzustellen, entwickelt Stiglitz eine überzeugende Alternative zum Diktat des Marktes – denn das, so zeigt er auf provozierende Weise, ist nicht nur wenig sozial, sondern auf lange Sicht sogar unwirtschaftlich.
Author: Joseph Stiglitz
Publisher: Siedler Verlag
Category: Business & Economics
Governance, Globalization and Public Policy is concerned with exploring the nature of the policy arena in the context of globalization and the reconstitution of the state. The contributors to this book seek to broaden, extend and integrate theoretical, conceptual and substantive policy debates. The book begins by exploring the concepts and perspectives associated with globalization and governance, the relationship between them and the repercussions for public policy and the state. It also considers developments at the global and regional levels and the implications of the emergence of new regulatory regimes in the context of liberalization and privatization. The focus then turns to a broad range of substantive areas of public policy such as human rights, health and health care, housing markets, poverty, security and counter-terrorism. Together the chapters provide a thorough, integrated insight into the relationship between global processes, governance and public policy across a range of policy domains. Providing a comprehensive analysis of patterns and processes of governance in specific areas of public policy, this book will be of great interest to students undertaking programmes in social policy, social administration, public policy and political science, as well as researchers and academics concerned with the policymaking process.
Author: Patricia Kennett
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
Category: Political Science
Our current era of globalization, war, and socioeconomic unrest has revealed public health as a worldwide concern and a major frontier for social justice with maternal and child health at its epicenter. Yet, there has been a relative scarcity of training resources specifically dedicated to this crucial area. "Maternal and Child Health: Global Challenges, Programs, and Policies" addresses this gap in current knowledge by analyzing the range of socioeconomic and environmental factors, health care disparities, politics, policies, and cultural practices that impact the health and safety of mothers, as well as the well-being and optimum development of their children. Individual sections focus on unequal distribution of the world’s resources, politics and power, specific disease concerns, programs, policies and emerging concerns with a focus on what is currently being done, and what needs to be done to improve the health status of women, children, and adolescents. The book’s contributors are some of the world’s most respected experts, carefully selected to represent different global geographic regions and diverse professional disciplines related to maternal and child health from both academic and field practice perspectives. Among the topics in this authoritative volume: The impact of war, globalization, gender inequity, and harmful traditional practices (e.g., female genital mutilation). Specific health concerns, including tuberculosis, malaria, HIV, and malnutrition. Child and adolescent health issues, from abuse and neglect to children in difficult circumstances. Pregnancy-related issues: safety, abortion and post-abortion care, teen pregnancy, and more. Strategies for planning, developing, and maintaining maternal and child health systems in developing countries. The status of global initiatives, such as Integrated Management of Childhood Illnesses and the Millennium Development Goals. The status of evidence-based maternal and child health in the developing world. With such a wealth of information on both practical and conceptual levels, "Maternal and Child Health: Global Challenges, Programs, and Policies" is as relevant to students and researchers in the field as it is to policy makers and those working for global health and development organizations. It also makes an excellent stand-alone text for courses in global health in general and global maternal and child health in particular.
Global Challenges, Programs, and Policies
Author: John Ehiri
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
The Handbook of International Counseling is an effort to bring together the current practices, values, attitudes and beliefs about counseling from countries around the globe. The editors have selected leading experts in the field of counseling in a wide and culturally representative group of countries hroughout the world. This book will be the first volume that undertakes such an ambitious goal in the field of counseling.
Cultural Assumptions and Practices Worldwide
Author: Lawrence H. Gerstein
Senel Poyrazli’s and Chalmer Thompson’s International Case Studies in Mental Health presents a variety of global cases from both developed and developing countries, detailing descriptions of the people who are seeking help to eliminate their distress and of the exceptional practitioners who provide the help. In most of the cases, the practitioner is someone who shares a similar heritage with her or his help-seeker, and who is influenced at least partly by Western psychotherapy traditions. Each chapter also is a showcase of how scholars pair up with mental health practitioners to create a work that weaves together contextual and individual qualities to inform an understanding of the help-seeker and the intervention. This book aims to help prepare both mental health trainees and practicing professionals to be effective in the provision of healing in their work with people in different regions of the world. Consequently, the authors hope to offer practitioners a glimpse of what can be achieved in these regions by people whose reputations within the respective communities are strong.
Author: Senel Poyrazli,Chalmer E. Thompson
A radical approach to studying the mind. Renowned Buddhist philosopher B. Alan Wallace reasserts the power of shamatha and vipashyana, traditional Buddhist meditations, to clarify the mind's role in the natural world. Raising profound questions about human nature, free will, and experience versus dogma, Wallace challenges the claim that consciousness is nothing more than an emergent property of the brain with little relation to universal events. Rather, he maintains that the observer is essential to measuring quantum systems and that mental phenomena (however conceived) influence brain function and behavior. Wallace embarks on a two-part mission: to restore human nature and to transcend it. He begins by explaining the value of skepticism in Buddhism and science and the difficulty of merging their experiential methods of inquiry. Yet Wallace also proves that Buddhist views on human nature and the possibility of free will liberate us from the metaphysical constraints of scientific materialism. He then explores the radical empiricism inspired by William James and applies it to Indian Buddhist philosophy's four schools and the Great Perfection school of Tibetan Buddhism. Since Buddhism begins with the assertion that ignorance lies at the root of all suffering and that the path to freedom is reached through knowledge, Buddhist practice can be viewed as a progression from agnosticism (not knowing) to gnosticism (knowing), acquired through the maintenance of exceptional mental health, mindfulness, and introspection. Wallace discusses these topics in detail, identifying similarities and differences between scientific and Buddhist understanding, and he concludes with an explanation of shamatha and vipashyana and their potential for realizing the full nature, origins, and potential of consciousness.
A Manifesto for the Mind Sciences and Contemplative Practice
Author: B. Alan Wallace
Publisher: Columbia University Press
The seductiveness of touristed landscapes is simultaneously local and global, as travelled places are formed and reworked by the activities of diverse, mobile people, in their desires to experience situated, sensuous qualities of difference. Cartier and Lew’s interesting and informative book explores contemporary issues in travel and tourism and human geography, and the complex cultural, political, and economic activities at stake in touristed landscapes as a result of globalization. This book assesses travel and tourism as simultaneously cultural and economic processes, through ideas about place seduction and the formation of landscapes. Throughout, examples are given from urban and environmental touristed landscapes, from major world cities to tropical islands, and chapter contributions include: an analysis of the representational character of landscape and the built environment historic constructions of place seduction the importance of class, racial, and gender dimensions of place how mobility and the seduction of place orient identity formation the environmental impacts of tourism economies. Broad in scope, this book is ideal for social scientists and humanists who are interested in contemporary debates about place studies, mobility, and the located realities of globalization.
Geographical Perspectives on Globalization and Touristed Landscapes
Author: Alan A Lew
Recognized as the most prestigious, comprehensive text on Global Health for GRADUATE programs in public and global health. Global Health, Third Edition (formerly titled International Public Health) brings together contributions from the world's leading authorities into a single comprehensive text. It thoroughly examines the wide range of global health challenges facing low and middle income countries today and the various approaches nations adopt to deal with them. These challenges include measurement of health status, infectious and chronic diseases, injuries, nutrition, reproductive health, global environmental health and complex emergencies. Important Notice: The digital edition of this book is missing some of the images or content found in the physical edition.
Author: Michael H. Merson,Robert E. Black,Anne J. Mills
Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers
der grundlegende Konflikt unserer Zeit
Author: Benjamin R. Barber,Günter Seib
Die Maxime »Handle unternehmerisch!« ist der kategorische Imperativ der Gegenwart. Ein unternehmerisches Selbst ist man nicht, man soll es werden. Und man wird es, indem man sich in allen Lebenslagen kreativ, flexibel, eigenverantwortlich, risikobewußt und kundenorientiert verhält. Das Leitbild ist zugleich Schreckbild. Was alle werden sollen, ist auch das, was allen droht. Der Wettbewerb unterwirft das unternehmerische Selbst dem Diktat fortwährender Selbstoptimierung, aber keine Anstrengung vermag seine Angst vor dem Scheitern zu bannen. Ulrich Bröcklings grundlegende soziologische Studie nimmt diese Ambivalenz in den Blick und spitzt sie zu einer Diagnose der gegenwärtigen Gesellschaft zu.
Soziologie einer Subjektivierungsform
Author: Ulrich Bröckling
Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag
Category: Social Science
Eine politisch-philosophische Kontroverse
Author: Nancy Fraser,Axel Honneth
Category: Anerkennung - Verteilungsgerechtigkeit
Consumer Behavior and Culture reviews the myths of global marketing and explores the concept of culture and models of culture. It provides empirical evidence of convergence and divergence in consumer behavior and covers various psychological and sociological aspects of human behavior used for explaining consumer behavior. The book reviews and discusses cultural variations of these aspects across the world. reviews the myths of global marketing and explores the concept of culture and models of culture. It provides empirical evidence of convergence and divergence in consumer behavior and covers various psychological and sociological aspects of human behavior used for explaining consumer behavior. The book reviews and discusses cultural variations of these aspects across the world. Key Features: A cultural exploration of the various psychological and sociological aspects of human behavior, such as concept of self, personality, group influence, motivation, emotion, perception, and information processing A discussion of consumer behavior theories and cultural variations from around the world Coverage of a number of consumer behavior domains, including explanations of differences in consumption and ownership, all based on empirical evidence In addition to anecdotal evidence, the consequences of branding and marketing communication strategy are presented and analyzed
Consequences for Global Marketing and Advertising
Author: Marieke de Mooij
Category: Business & Economics
Ziel des Sammelbandes ist es, das aufklärerische Potential der Machtanalytik von Michel Foucault für eine kritische Theorie und Praxis Sozialer Arbeit zu erschließen und erstmals in einen Zusammenhang mit den aktuellen Diskussionen zur sozialen Ausschließung zu stellen. Foucaults Analysen werden einer kritischen Prüfung unterzogen: Stärken und Grenzen der Foucaultschen Zugänge werden herausgearbeitet. Gleichzeitig geht es aber auch um den "ganzen" Foucault, d.h. um Brüche und Widersprüche, die sich aus der Beschäftigung mit seinen Analysen ergeben. In dieser Hinsicht verfolgt der Sammelband einen zweifachen Anspruch: Studierenden der Sozialen Arbeit wird ein Zugang zum Denken Foucaults in seiner Relevanz für die Soziale Arbeit eröffnet. Darüber hinaus wird ein substanzieller Beitrag zur Theorieentwicklung der Sozialen Arbeit geleistet.
Eine kritische Einführung und Bestandsaufnahme
Author: Roland Anhorn,Frank Bettinger,Johannes Stehr
Category: Social Science