Mental Health Worldwide

Culture, Globalization and Development

Author: S. Fernando

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137329602

Category: Social Science

Page: 210

View: 2677

Offers a perceptive critique of the universalized model of psychiatry and its apparent exportation from the West to the developing world. Rooted in detailed analysis of the problems this causes, the book proposes new suggestions for advancing the field of mental health and wellbeing in a way that is ethical, sustainable and culturally sensitive.
Posted in Social Science

The Palgrave Handbook of Sociocultural Perspectives on Global Mental Health

Author: Ross G. White,Sumeet Jain,David M.R. Orr,Ursula M. Read

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137395109

Category: Psychology

Page: 807

View: 818

This handbook incisively explores challenges and opportunities that exist in efforts aimed at addressing inequities in mental health provision across the globe. Drawing on various disciplines across the humanities, psychology, and social sciences it charts the emergence of Global Mental Health as a field of study. It critically reflects on efforts and interventions being made to globalize mental health policies, and discusses key themes relevant for understanding and supporting the mental health needs of people living in diverse socio-economical and cultural environments. Over three rich sections, the handbook critically engages with Global Mental Health discourses. To help guide future efforts to support mental health and wellbeing in different parts of the world, the third section of the handbook consists of case studies of innovative mental health policy and practice, which are presented from a variety of different perspectives. “/div>divThis seminal handbook will appeal to a transnational community of post-graduate students, academics and practitioners, from global health to transcultural psychiatry and medical anthropology. It will be also of interest to researchers and clinical practitioners, policy makers and non-governmental organisations involved in cross-cultural mental health work.
Posted in Psychology

Critical Inquiries for Social Justice in Mental Health

Author: Marina Morrow,Lorraine Halinka Malcoe

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442626623

Category: Medical

Page: 520

View: 2192

An exceptional showcase of interdisciplinary research, Critical Inquiries for Social Justice in Mental Health presents various critical theories, methodologies, and methods for transforming mental health research and fostering socially-just mental health practices. Marina Morrow and Lorraine Halinka Malcoe have assembled an array of international scholars, activists, and practitioners whose work exposes and disrupts the dominant neoliberal and individualist practices found in contemporary mental research, policy, and practice. The contributors employ a variety of methodologies including intersectional, decolonizing, indigenous, feminist, post-structural, transgender, queer, and critical realist approaches in order to interrogate the manifestation of power relations in mental health systems and its impact on people with mental distress. Additionally, the contributors enable the reader to reimagine systems and supports designed from the bottom up, in which the people most affected have decision-making authority over their formations. Critical Inquiries for Social Justice in Mental Health demonstrates why and how theory matters for knowledge production, policy, and practice in mental health, and it creates new imaginings of decolonized and democratized mental health systems, of abundant community-centred supports, and of a world where human differences are affirmed.
Posted in Medical

Mental Health in Asia and the Pacific

Historical and Cultural Perspectives

Author: Harry Minas,Milton Lewis

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1489979999

Category: Psychology

Page: 327

View: 5283

This far-reaching volume analyzes the social, cultural, political, and economic factors contributing to mental health issues and shaping treatment options in the Asian and Pacific world. Multiple lenses examine complex experiences and needs in this vast region, identifying not only cultural issues at the individual and collective levels, but also the impacts of colonial history, effects of war and disasters, and the current climate of globalization on mental illness and its care. These concerns are located in the larger context of physical health and its determinants, worldwide goals such as reducing global poverty, and the evolving mental health response to meet rising challenges affecting the diverse populations of the region. Chapters focus on countries in East, Southeast, and South Asia plus Oceania and Australia, describing: · National history of psychiatry and its acceptance. · Present-day mental health practice and services. · Mental/physical health impact of recent social change. · Disparities in accessibility, service delivery, and quality of care. · Collaborations with indigenous and community approaches to healing. · Current mental health resources, the state of policy, and areas for intervention. A welcome addition to the global health literature, Mental Health in Asia and the Pacific brings historical depth and present-day insight to practitioners providing services in this diverse area of the world as well as researchers and policymakers studying the region.
Posted in Psychology

Maternal and Child Health

Global Challenges, Programs, and Policies

Author: John Ehiri

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387892450

Category: Medical

Page: 582

View: 8351

Our current era of globalization, war, and socioeconomic unrest has revealed public health as a worldwide concern and a major frontier for social justice with maternal and child health at its epicenter. Yet, there has been a relative scarcity of training resources specifically dedicated to this crucial area. "Maternal and Child Health: Global Challenges, Programs, and Policies" addresses this gap in current knowledge by analyzing the range of socioeconomic and environmental factors, health care disparities, politics, policies, and cultural practices that impact the health and safety of mothers, as well as the well-being and optimum development of their children. Individual sections focus on unequal distribution of the world’s resources, politics and power, specific disease concerns, programs, policies and emerging concerns with a focus on what is currently being done, and what needs to be done to improve the health status of women, children, and adolescents. The book’s contributors are some of the world’s most respected experts, carefully selected to represent different global geographic regions and diverse professional disciplines related to maternal and child health from both academic and field practice perspectives. Among the topics in this authoritative volume: The impact of war, globalization, gender inequity, and harmful traditional practices (e.g., female genital mutilation). Specific health concerns, including tuberculosis, malaria, HIV, and malnutrition. Child and adolescent health issues, from abuse and neglect to children in difficult circumstances. Pregnancy-related issues: safety, abortion and post-abortion care, teen pregnancy, and more. Strategies for planning, developing, and maintaining maternal and child health systems in developing countries. The status of global initiatives, such as Integrated Management of Childhood Illnesses and the Millennium Development Goals. The status of evidence-based maternal and child health in the developing world. With such a wealth of information on both practical and conceptual levels, "Maternal and Child Health: Global Challenges, Programs, and Policies" is as relevant to students and researchers in the field as it is to policy makers and those working for global health and development organizations. It also makes an excellent stand-alone text for courses in global health in general and global maternal and child health in particular.
Posted in Medical

Handbook of Race and Development in Mental Health

Author: Edward Chang,Christina A. Downey

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781461404248

Category: Psychology

Page: 389

View: 1276

This project is unique in the field for a number of reasons, both in structure and in content. Specifically, it will have leading experts on specific age groups (Childhood to Adolescence, Young Adulthood to Middle Age, and The Elderly) within the cultural groups of interest (European-Americans, African-Americans, Asian-Americans, Hispanic-Americans, and Native Americans) contribute a chapter covering current research on both positive and negative functioning for each population. Each chapter will present basic demographic information, strengths that contribute to resilience, and three significant challenges each group faces to maintaining mental health. Each chapter will then include an integrative section, where ideas are advanced about how the strengths of each group can be harnessed to address the challenges that group faces. To conclude, each chapter will propose future directions for research which addresses integrative approaches to mental health for each group, and the implications that such approaches could have for future treatment. The main points of each section of each chapter will be visually summarized in a concluding table.
Posted in Psychology

Global Perspectives on Health Promotion Effectiveness

Author: David V. McQueen,Catherine Jones

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387709746

Category: Medical

Page: 426

View: 3810

This work is a critical reflection on the state of health promotion effectiveness in practice around the world. It examines the meaning of health promotion from regional perspectives, and explores regional strengths and weaknesses in demonstrating effectiveness. The book goes on to consider issues in public health such as tobacco, mental health, obesity, urbanization, war, and social determinants in order to assess the role of effectiveness, and to examine methodologies for demonstrating effectiveness. Finally, the book looks at questions over the effectiveness of health promotion – the debate about the relationship between evidence, impact, and outcomes.
Posted in Medical

Das Ende der Arbeit und ihre Zukunft

Neue Konzepte für das 21. Jahrhundert

Author: Jeremy Rifkin

Publisher: Campus Verlag

ISBN: 3593400855

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 3864

Die Arbeit hat sich im letzten Jahrzehnt weiter verändert. Bereits in 50 Jahren werden weniger als 10 Prozent der Bevölkerung ausreichen, um alle Güter und Dienstleistungen bereitzustellen. Die Konsequenzen für die sozialen Sicherungssysteme sind dramatisch, soziale Konlikte scheinen unvermeidlich. Dass "es nicht mehr genug Arbeit für alle geben wird" erkannte Jeremy Rifkin bereits in seinem Weltbesteller Das Ende der Arbeit - und seine Thesen sind heute aktueller denn je. In der Neuausgabe des in 16 Sprachen übersetzten Bestsellers entwickelt Rifkin seine radikalen Vorschläge weiter und zeigt mit gewohntem wirtschaftlichen und politischen Sachverstand, wie wir verhindern können, dass uns die Arbeit ausgeht. "Rifkins Buch wird uns noch lange beschäftigen." Süddeutsche Zeitung
Posted in Political Science

Governance, Globalization and Public Policy

Author: Patricia Kennett

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1848440138

Category: Political Science

Page: 265

View: 3297

Governance, Globalization and Public Policy is concerned with exploring the nature of the policy arena in the context of globalization and the reconstitution of the state. The contributors to this book seek to broaden, extend and integrate theoretical, conceptual and substantive policy debates. The book begins by exploring the concepts and perspectives associated with globalization and governance, the relationship between them and the repercussions for public policy and the state. It also considers developments at the global and regional levels and the implications of the emergence of new regulatory regimes in the context of liberalization and privatization. The focus then turns to a broad range of substantive areas of public policy such as human rights, health and health care, housing markets, poverty, security and counter-terrorism. Together the chapters provide a thorough, integrated insight into the relationship between global processes, governance and public policy across a range of policy domains. Providing a comprehensive analysis of patterns and processes of governance in specific areas of public policy, this book will be of great interest to students undertaking programmes in social policy, social administration, public policy and political science, as well as researchers and academics concerned with the policymaking process.
Posted in Political Science

International Handbook of Cross-Cultural Counseling

Cultural Assumptions and Practices Worldwide

Author: Lawrence H. Gerstein

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412959551

Category: Psychology

Page: 563

View: 1146

The Handbook of International Counseling is an effort to bring together the current practices, values, attitudes and beliefs about counseling from countries around the globe. The editors have selected leading experts in the field of counseling in a wide and culturally representative group of countries hroughout the world. This book will be the first volume that undertakes such an ambitious goal in the field of counseling.
Posted in Psychology

International Case Studies in Mental Health

Author: Senel Poyrazli,Chalmer E. Thompson

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412990351

Category: Psychology

Page: 238

View: 8026

Senel Poyrazli’s and Chalmer Thompson’s International Case Studies in Mental Health presents a variety of global cases from both developed and developing countries, detailing descriptions of the people who are seeking help to eliminate their distress and of the exceptional practitioners who provide the help. In most of the cases, the practitioner is someone who shares a similar heritage with her or his help-seeker, and who is influenced at least partly by Western psychotherapy traditions. Each chapter also is a showcase of how scholars pair up with mental health practitioners to create a work that weaves together contextual and individual qualities to inform an understanding of the help-seeker and the intervention. This book aims to help prepare both mental health trainees and practicing professionals to be effective in the provision of healing in their work with people in different regions of the world. Consequently, the authors hope to offer practitioners a glimpse of what can be achieved in these regions by people whose reputations within the respective communities are strong.
Posted in Psychology

Global Health

Author: Michael H. Merson,Robert E. Black,Anne J. Mills

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers

ISBN: 1449659098

Category: Medical

Page: 940

View: 1029

Recognized as the most prestigious, comprehensive text on Global Health for GRADUATE programs in public and global health. Global Health, Third Edition (formerly titled International Public Health) brings together contributions from the world's leading authorities into a single comprehensive text. It thoroughly examines the wide range of global health challenges facing low and middle income countries today and the various approaches nations adopt to deal with them. These challenges include measurement of health status, infectious and chronic diseases, injuries, nutrition, reproductive health, global environmental health and complex emergencies. Important Notice: The digital edition of this book is missing some of the images or content found in the physical edition.
Posted in Medical

Das unternehmerische Selbst

Soziologie einer Subjektivierungsform

Author: Ulrich Bröckling

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518732234

Category: Social Science

Page: 327

View: 5877

Die Maxime »Handle unternehmerisch!« ist der kategorische Imperativ der Gegenwart. Ein unternehmerisches Selbst ist man nicht, man soll es werden. Und man wird es, indem man sich in allen Lebenslagen kreativ, flexibel, eigenverantwortlich, risikobewußt und kundenorientiert verhält. Das Leitbild ist zugleich Schreckbild. Was alle werden sollen, ist auch das, was allen droht. Der Wettbewerb unterwirft das unternehmerische Selbst dem Diktat fortwährender Selbstoptimierung, aber keine Anstrengung vermag seine Angst vor dem Scheitern zu bannen. Ulrich Bröcklings grundlegende soziologische Studie nimmt diese Ambivalenz in den Blick und spitzt sie zu einer Diagnose der gegenwärtigen Gesellschaft zu.
Posted in Social Science

Empire

Die neue Weltordnung

Author: Michael Hardt,Antonio Negri

Publisher: Campus Verlag

ISBN: 3593372304

Category: Political Science

Page: 461

View: 4700

Nach einem Vierteljahrhundert politischer Theoriemüdigkeit haben Hardt und Negri mit ihrer brillanten, provokanten und heiß diskutierten Analyse des postmodernen Kapitalismus im Zeitalter der Globalisierung das Denken wieder in Bewegung gebracht. Der Hoffnung auf die politische Gestaltbarkeit einer neuen, gerechteren Weltordnung haben sie damit ein anspruchsvolles theoretisches Fundament gegeben. "Eine grandiose Gesellschaftsanalyse, die unser Unbehagen bündelt und ihm eine Richtung gibt, für die in der Geschichte der Philosophie das Wort vom 'guten Leben' steht." Die Zeit "Das Jahrzehnt linker Melancholie ist vorüber." Neue Zürcher Zeitung
Posted in Political Science

Die Kunst des Heilens

eine medizinische Geschichte der Menschheit von der Antike bis heute

Author: Roy Porter

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783827414540

Category: Medicine

Page: 818

View: 8423

Zwischen Leben und Tod Ein faszinierender Aoeberblick A1/4ber fA1/4nf Jahrtausende Medizingeschichte -- von der Steinzeit bis zum New Age, von der Magie zur Molekularbiologie, begeisternd geschrieben und begeistert aufgenommen: ”Roy Porter ist ein brillanter Triumph gelungen.Evening Standard" ”Eine erstklassige EinfA1/4hrung in die Geschichte der Medizin.The Times" ”Roy Porters Mammut-Medizingeschichte ist eine auAerordentliche Leistung ... lebhaft und voller faszinierender Information.Observer" ”Lehrbuch-Geschichte der Spitzenklasse.Nature" ”Eine immens unterhaltsame Erkundung von Medizin und Geschichte. Von den JAgern und Sammlern bis zur Herztransplantation wird ein Geflecht von Ideen und Ereignissen gewoben, das nahtlos Medizin, Philosophie, Wissenschaft und Geschichte integriert. Ein verfA1/4hrerischer Sog entsteht ... Die Prosa flieAt mA1/4helos, das Material ist wohlorganisiert und in den Anekdoten faszinierend ... Eine groAartige LektA1/4re.British Journal of General Practice" ”Im Zentrum des nun deutsch vorliegenden Werkes stehen das Denken, Wissen und Handeln der A"rzte oder im weiteren Sinne Heiler; durchgAngig wird die Aufmerksamkeit auf den Kranken und die soziale Welt gelenkt, wird die Geschichte der Krankheit mit der Geschichte des Kranken verbunden ... Fachliches Wissen verbindet sich bei Porter mit einem Schreibstil, der auch den Laien zu fesseln vermag und den Fachmann A1/4berzeugt. Substanz und Humor mA1/4ssen sich, das lAsst sich hier einmal wieder eindrucksvoll nachvollziehen, keineswegs widersprechen. Abbildungen ergAnzen und vertiefen auf einleuchtende Weise den Text ... Das ebenso gehaltreiche wie stimulierende Werk von Roy Porter mAge viele Leser finden -- in der medizinhistorischen Zunft wie in der allgemeinen A-ffentlichkeit, auch unter Patienten und ihren AngehArigen.Aus dem Geleitwort von Prof. Dr. Dietrich von Engelhardt, Institut fA1/4r Medizin- und Wissenschaftsgeschichte, Medizinische UniversitAt zu LA1/4beck" Porters monumentales Buch verknA1/4pft in geschickter Weise zwei AnsAtze der Medizingeschichte miteinander. Zum einen stellen kurze, prAgnante Portraits jene vielfAltigen PersAnlichkeiten vor, deren Leistungen fA1/4r die stetige Entwicklung der Medizin von entscheidender Bedeutung waren. Zum anderen gelingt es dem Autor zugleich, jede Phase dieser komplexen Geschichte in ihren politischen, sozialen und demographischen Rahmen zu stellen. Dieser duale Ansatz spannt sich von den Berichten A1/4ber die medizinische Praxis im alten Griechenland, in China und in Indien A1/4ber die arabisch-islamische Periode und das Mittelalter hinweg bis zur Medizin der Gegenwart. Trotz aller FaktenfA1/4lle ist dieses gewichtige Werk aber so eloquent geschrieben, mit so viel Stil, Einsicht und Humor, dass man es kaum aus der Hand legen mag. Porter erweist den heutigen (und den zukA1/4nftigen) A"rzten wie der Fachgemeinschaft insgesamt einen groAen Dienst, indem er die aktuelle medizinische Landschaft in eine breite historische Perspektive stellt. Sein Buch ist spannendste Unterhaltung fA1/4r alle (medizin)historisch Interessierten und PflichtlektA1/4re fA1/4r all jene, die sich der schweren Aufgabe gewidmet haben, die Ziele der medizinischen TAtigkeit fA1/4r die Zukunft neu zu definieren.
Posted in Medicine

Meditations of a Buddhist Skeptic

A Manifesto for the Mind Sciences and Contemplative Practice

Author: B. Alan Wallace

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231530323

Category: Religion

Page: 256

View: 9546

A radical approach to studying the mind. Renowned Buddhist philosopher B. Alan Wallace reasserts the power of shamatha and vipashyana, traditional Buddhist meditations, to clarify the mind's role in the natural world. Raising profound questions about human nature, free will, and experience versus dogma, Wallace challenges the claim that consciousness is nothing more than an emergent property of the brain with little relation to universal events. Rather, he maintains that the observer is essential to measuring quantum systems and that mental phenomena (however conceived) influence brain function and behavior. Wallace embarks on a two-part mission: to restore human nature and to transcend it. He begins by explaining the value of skepticism in Buddhism and science and the difficulty of merging their experiential methods of inquiry. Yet Wallace also proves that Buddhist views on human nature and the possibility of free will liberate us from the metaphysical constraints of scientific materialism. He then explores the radical empiricism inspired by William James and applies it to Indian Buddhist philosophy's four schools and the Great Perfection school of Tibetan Buddhism. Since Buddhism begins with the assertion that ignorance lies at the root of all suffering and that the path to freedom is reached through knowledge, Buddhist practice can be viewed as a progression from agnosticism (not knowing) to gnosticism (knowing), acquired through the maintenance of exceptional mental health, mindfulness, and introspection. Wallace discusses these topics in detail, identifying similarities and differences between scientific and Buddhist understanding, and he concludes with an explanation of shamatha and vipashyana and their potential for realizing the full nature, origins, and potential of consciousness.
Posted in Religion

Seductions of Place

Geographical Perspectives on Globalization and Touristed Landscapes

Author: Alan A Lew

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134651872

Category: Science

Page: 344

View: 2193

The seductiveness of touristed landscapes is simultaneously local and global, as travelled places are formed and reworked by the activities of diverse, mobile people, in their desires to experience situated, sensuous qualities of difference. Cartier and Lew’s interesting and informative book explores contemporary issues in travel and tourism and human geography, and the complex cultural, political, and economic activities at stake in touristed landscapes as a result of globalization. This book assesses travel and tourism as simultaneously cultural and economic processes, through ideas about place seduction and the formation of landscapes. Throughout, examples are given from urban and environmental touristed landscapes, from major world cities to tropical islands, and chapter contributions include: an analysis of the representational character of landscape and the built environment historic constructions of place seduction the importance of class, racial, and gender dimensions of place how mobility and the seduction of place orient identity formation the environmental impacts of tourism economies. Broad in scope, this book is ideal for social scientists and humanists who are interested in contemporary debates about place studies, mobility, and the located realities of globalization.
Posted in Science

Die unterste Milliarde

Warum die ärmsten Länder scheitern und was man dagegen tun kann

Author: Paul Collier

Publisher: Pantheon Verlag

ISBN: 3641204941

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 839

Der vielfach preisgekrönte Longseller jetzt in einer neuen Ausgabe Die unterste Milliarde – das sind die ärmsten Menschen der Erde, die am weltweit steigenden Wirtschaftswachstum keinen Anteil haben. Ihre Lebenserwartung ist auf fünfzig Jahre gesunken, jedes siebte Kind stirbt vor dem fünften Lebensjahr. Seit Jahrzehnten befinden sich die Ökonomien dieser Länder im freien Fall – ohne Aussicht auf Besserung. In seinem vielfach preisgekrönten Bestseller erklärt Paul Collier, wie es zu dieser krassen Armut gekommen ist und was man gegen sie tun kann.
Posted in Social Science