Mathematics and Its History

Author: John Stillwell

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 144196052X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 662

View: 6780

From a review of the second edition: "This book covers many interesting topics not usually covered in a present day undergraduate course, as well as certain basic topics such as the development of the calculus and the solution of polynomial equations. The fact that the topics are introduced in their historical contexts will enable students to better appreciate and understand the mathematical ideas involved...If one constructs a list of topics central to a history course, then they would closely resemble those chosen here." (David Parrott, Australian Mathematical Society) This book offers a collection of historical essays detailing a large variety of mathematical disciplines and issues; it’s accessible to a broad audience. This third edition includes new chapters on simple groups and new sections on alternating groups and the Poincare conjecture. Many more exercises have been added as well as commentary that helps place the exercises in context.
Posted in Mathematics

Waves in Oceanic and Coastal Waters

Author: Leo H. Holthuijsen

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139462520

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 5161

Waves in Oceanic and Coastal Waters describes the observation, analysis and prediction of wind-generated waves in the open ocean, in shelf seas, and in coastal regions with islands, channels, tidal flats and inlets, estuaries, fjords and lagoons. Most of this richly illustrated book is devoted to the physical aspects of waves. After introducing observation techniques for waves, both at sea and from space, the book defines the parameters that characterise waves. Using basic statistical and physical concepts, the author discusses the prediction of waves in oceanic and coastal waters, first in terms of generalised observations, and then in terms of the more theoretical framework of the spectral energy balance. He gives the results of established theories and also the direction in which research is developing. The book ends with a description of SWAN (Simulating Waves Nearshore), the preferred computer model of the engineering community for predicting waves in coastal waters.
Posted in Science

Logic and Boolean Algebra

Author: Bradford Henry Arnold

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486483851

Category: Mathematics

Page: 144

View: 3645

Orignally published: Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall, 1962.
Posted in Mathematics

Problems and Solutions on Electromagnetism

Author: Yung-kuo Lim

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789810206260

Category: Science

Page: 665

View: 632

Electrostatics - Magnetostatic field and quasi-stationary electromagnetic fields - Circuit analysis - Electromagnetic waves - Relativity, particle-field interactions.
Posted in Science

The De-Textbook

The Stuff You Didn't Know About the Stuff You Thought You Knew

Author: Cracked.com,

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 0698161521

Category: Reference

Page: 224

View: 2167

You are an idiot. Don't get defensive! It's not your fault. For decades your teachers, authority figures and textbooks have been lying to you. You do not have five senses. Your tongue doesn't have neatly segregated taste-bud zones. You don't know what the pyramids really looked like. You're even pooping wrong - Jesus, you're a wreck! But it's going to be okay. Because we're here to help. Packed with more sexy facts than the Encyclopedia Pornographica, the Cracked De-Textbook will teach you about the true stars of history, why you picture everything from Velociraptors to Ancient Rome incorrectly, and finally, at long last - how to pop a proper squat. This book was built from the ground up to systematically seek out, dismantle and destroy the many untruths that years of misguided education have left festering inside of you, and leave you a smarter person...whether you like it or not. The De-Textbook is a merciless, brutal learning machine. It can't be bargained with. It can't be reasoned with. It doesn't feel pity, or remorse, or fear. And it absolutely will not stop, ever, until you are informed.
Posted in Reference

Computer Vision

Algorithms and Applications

Author: Richard Szeliski

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781848829350

Category: Computers

Page: 812

View: 3596

Computer Vision: Algorithms and Applications explores the variety of techniques commonly used to analyze and interpret images. It also describes challenging real-world applications where vision is being successfully used, both for specialized applications such as medical imaging, and for fun, consumer-level tasks such as image editing and stitching, which students can apply to their own personal photos and videos. More than just a source of “recipes,” this exceptionally authoritative and comprehensive textbook/reference also takes a scientific approach to basic vision problems, formulating physical models of the imaging process before inverting them to produce descriptions of a scene. These problems are also analyzed using statistical models and solved using rigorous engineering techniques. Topics and features: structured to support active curricula and project-oriented courses, with tips in the Introduction for using the book in a variety of customized courses; presents exercises at the end of each chapter with a heavy emphasis on testing algorithms and containing numerous suggestions for small mid-term projects; provides additional material and more detailed mathematical topics in the Appendices, which cover linear algebra, numerical techniques, and Bayesian estimation theory; suggests additional reading at the end of each chapter, including the latest research in each sub-field, in addition to a full Bibliography at the end of the book; supplies supplementary course material for students at the associated website, http://szeliski.org/Book/. Suitable for an upper-level undergraduate or graduate-level course in computer science or engineering, this textbook focuses on basic techniques that work under real-world conditions and encourages students to push their creative boundaries. Its design and exposition also make it eminently suitable as a unique reference to the fundamental techniques and current research literature in computer vision.
Posted in Computers

Decision Mathematics 2

Author: John Hebborn

Publisher: Heinemann

ISBN: 9780435510817

Category: Mathematics

Page: 153

View: 6518

A syllabus-specific textbook providing worked examples, exam-level questions and many practice exercises, in accordance to the new Edexcel AS and Advanced GCE specification.
Posted in Mathematics

Multiscale Materials Modeling for Nanomechanics

Author: Christopher R. Weinberger,Garritt J. Tucker

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319334808

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 547

View: 6579

This book presents a unique combination of chapters that together provide a practical introduction to multiscale modeling applied to nanoscale materials mechanics. The goal of this book is to present a balanced treatment of both the theory of the methodology, as well as some practical aspects of conducting the simulations and models. The first half of the book covers some fundamental modeling and simulation techniques ranging from ab-inito methods to the continuum scale. Included in this set of methods are several different concurrent multiscale methods for bridging time and length scales applicable to mechanics at the nanoscale regime. The second half of the book presents a range of case studies from a varied selection of research groups focusing either on a the application of multiscale modeling to a specific nanomaterial, or novel analysis techniques aimed at exploring nanomechanics. Readers are also directed to helpful sites and other resources throughout the book where the simulation codes and methodologies discussed herein can be accessed. Emphasis on the practicality of the detailed techniques is especially felt in the latter half of the book, which is dedicated to specific examples to study nanomechanics and multiscale materials behavior. An instructive avenue for learning how to effectively apply these simulation tools to solve nanomechanics problems is to study previous endeavors. Therefore, each chapter is written by a unique team of experts who have used multiscale materials modeling to solve a practical nanomechanics problem. These chapters provide an extensive picture of the multiscale materials landscape from problem statement through the final results and outlook, providing readers with a roadmap for incorporating these techniques into their own research.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Tools and Methods for Analysis, Debugging, and Performance Improvement of Equation-Based Models

Author: Martin Sjölund

Publisher: Linköping University Electronic Press

ISBN: 9175190710

Category: Debugging in computer science

Page: 276

View: 9985

Equation-based object-oriented (EOO) modeling languages such as Modelica provide a convenient, declarative method for describing models of cyber-physical systems. Because of the ease of use of EOO languages, large and complex models can be built with limited effort. However, current state-of-the-art tools do not provide the user with enough information when errors appear or simulation results are wrong. It is of paramount importance that such tools should give the user enough information to correct errors or understand where the problems that lead to wrong simulation results are located. However, understanding the model translation process of an EOO compiler is a daunting task that not only requires knowledge of the numerical algorithms that the tool executes during simulation, but also the complex symbolic transformations being performed. As part of this work, methods have been developed and explored where the EOO tool, an enhanced Modelica compiler, records the transformations during the translation process in order to provide better diagnostics, explanations, and analysis. This information is used to generate better error-messages during translation. It is also used to provide better debugging for a simulation that produces unexpected results or where numerical methods fail. Meeting deadlines is particularly important for real-time applications. It is usually essential to identify possible bottlenecks and either simplify the model or give hints to the compiler that enable it to generate faster code. When profiling and measuring execution times of parts of the model the recorded information can also be used to find out why a particular system model executes slowly. Combined with debugging information, it is possible to find out why this system of equations is slow to solve, which helps understanding what can be done to simplify the model. A tool with a graphical user interface has been developed to make debugging and performance profiling easier. Both debugging and profiling have been combined into a single view so that performance metrics are mapped to equations, which are mapped to debugging information. The algorithmic part of Modelica was extended with meta-modeling constructs (MetaModelica) for language modeling. In this context a quite general approach to debugging and compilation from (extended) Modelica to C code was developed. That makes it possible to use the same executable format for simulation executables as for compiler bootstrapping when the compiler written in MetaModelica compiles itself. Finally, a method and tool prototype suitable for speeding up simulations has been developed. It works by partitioning the model at appropriate places and compiling a simulation executable for a suitable parallel platform.
Posted in Debugging in computer science

Mei Numerical Methods

Author: Richard Lissaman,Elizabeth West

Publisher: Hodder Education

ISBN: 9780340814611

Category: Numerical analysis

Page: 152

View: 5500

. This series, well-known for accessibility and for a student-friendly approach, has a wealth of features: Worked Examples, Activities, Investigations, Graded Exercises, Key Points summaries and Discussion Points. To ensure exam success there are plenty of up-to-date exam questions, plus warning signs to indicate common pitfalls. MEI offer full support to schools through their network with newsletters, training days and an annual conference. Numerical Methods is an AS Further Maths module.
Posted in Numerical analysis

Supersymmetry for Mathematicians

An Introduction

Author: V. S. Varadarajan

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 0821835742

Category: Mathematics

Page: 300

View: 9626

Supersymmetry has been the object of study by theoretical physicists since the early 1970's. In recent years it has attracted the interest of mathematicians because of its novelty, and because of significance, both in mathematics and physics, of the main issues it raises. This book presents the foundations of supersymmetry to the mathematically minded reader in a cogent and self-contained manner. It begins with a brief introduction to the physical foundations of the theory, especially the classification of relativistic particles and their wave equations, such as the equations of Dirac and Weyl. It then continues the development of the theory of supermanifolds stressing the analogy with the Grothendieck theory of schemes. All the super linear algebra needed for the book is developed here and the basic theorems are established: differential and integral calculus in supermanifolds, Frobenius theorem, foundations of the theory of super Lie groups, and so on. A special feature of the book is the treatment in depth of the theory of spinors in all dimensions and signatures, which is the basis of all developments of supergeometry both in physics and mathematics, especially in quantum field theory and supergravity.
Posted in Mathematics

Energy Storage for Power Systems

Author: Andrei Ter-Gazarian

Publisher: IET

ISBN: 9780863412646

Category: Science

Page: 232

View: 8310

The supply of energy from primary sources is not constant and rarely matches the pattern of demand from consumers, and electricity itself is difficult to store in significant quantities. Secondary storage of energy is therefore required both for more efficient use of existing generation capacity and to allow more substantial use of renewable energy sources that tend to provide energy only intermittently. Lack of effective storage has often been cited as a major hurdle to substantial introduction of renewable energy sources into the electricity supply network. The author presents here a comprehensive guide to the different types of storage available. He not only shows how use of the various types of storage can benefit the management of a power supply system but extends this to consider more substantial possibilities that arise from integrating a combination of different storage devices into a system. His book will therefore be important to those seeking to develop environmentally sound energy resources.
Posted in Science

Dynamics of Cancer

Mathematical Foundations of Oncology

Author: Dominik Wodarz,Natalia L Komarova

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9814566381

Category: Medical

Page: 532

View: 9131

The book aims to provide an introduction to mathematical models that describe the dynamics of tumor growth and the evolution of tumor cells. It can be used as a textbook for advanced undergraduate or graduate courses, and also serves as a reference book for researchers. The book has a strong evolutionary component and reflects the viewpoint that cancer can be understood rationally through a combination of mathematical and biological tools. It can be used both by mathematicians and biologists. Mathematically, the book starts with relatively simple ordinary differential equation models, and subsequently explores more complex stochastic and spatial models. Biologically, the book starts with explorations of the basic dynamics of tumor growth, including competitive interactions among cells, and subsequently moves on to the evolutionary dynamics of cancer cells, including scenarios of cancer initiation, progression, and treatment. The book finishes with a discussion of advanced topics, which describe how some of the mathematical concepts can be used to gain insights into a variety of questions, such as epigenetics, telomeres, gene therapy, and social interactions of cancer cells. Contents:Teaching GuideCancer and Somatic EvolutionMathematical Modeling of TumorigenesisBasic Growth Dynamics and Deterministic Models:Single Species GrowthTwo-Species Competition DynamicsCompetition Between Genetically Stable and Unstable CellsChromosomal Instability and Tumor GrowthAngiogenesis Inhibitors, Promoters, and Spatial GrowthEvolutionary Dynamics and Stochastic Models:Evolutionary Dynamics of Tumor Initiation Through Oncogenes: The Gain-of-Function ModelEvolutionary Dynamics of Tumor Initiation Through Tumor-Suppressor Genes: The Loss-of-Function Model and Stochastic TunnelingMicrosatellite and Chromosomal Instability in Sporadic and Familial Colorectal CancersEvolutionary Dynamics in Hierarchical PopulationsSpatial Evolutionary Dynamics of Tumor InitiationComplex Tumor Dynamics in SpaceStochastic Modeling of Cellular Growth, Treatment, and Resistance GenerationEvolutionary Dynamics of Drug Resistance in Chronic Myeloid LeukemiaAdvanced Topics:Evolutionary Dynamics of Stem-Cell Driven Tumor GrowthTumor Growth Kinetics and Disease ProgressionEpigenetic Changes and the Rate of DNA MethylationTelomeres and Cancer ProtectionGene Therapy and Oncolytic Virus TherapyImmune Responses, Tumor Growth, and TherapiesTowards Higher Complexities: Social Interactions Readership: Researchers in mathematical biology, mathematical modeling, biology, mathematical oncology. Keywords:Mathematical Oncology;Dynamics;Evolution;Evolutionary Dynamics;Cancer;Mathematical Models;Somatic Evolution;TeachingKey Features:Both a reference book for the topic, and provides material for undergraduate and graduate coursesTries to bridge the divide between mathematicians and biologists, which is also reflected in the backgrounds of the two authorsShows how mathematical concepts can be translated into experimentally and clinically useful insightsRooted in evolutionary biology, the book handles this very complex phenomenon in an intuitive and mathematically elegant wayContains problems and research projects for each topic10 pages of figures in color
Posted in Medical

IUTAM Symposium on Diffraction and Scattering in Fluid Mechanics and Elasticity

Proceeding of the IUTAM Symposium held in Manchester, United Kingdom, 16–20 July 2000

Author: I. David Abrahams,Paul A Martin,Michael J. Simon

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402005909

Category: Science

Page: 353

View: 6300

These Conference Proceedings are intended to summarise the latest developments in diffraction and scattering theory as reported at the IU TAM Symposium on Diffraction and Scattering in Fluid Mechanics and Elasticity held in Manchester, England on 16-20 July 2000. This in formal meeting was organised to discuss mathematical advances, both from the theoretical and more applied points of view. However, its pri mary goal was to bring together groups of researchers working in dis parate application areas, but who nevertheless share common models, phenomenological features arising in such problems, and common math ematical tools. To this end, we were delighted to have four Plenary Speakers, Professors Allan Pierce, Ed Kerschen, Roger Grimshaw and John Willis FRS, who are undisputed leaders in the four thematic ar eas of our meeting (these are respectively acoustics, aeroacoustics, water or other free surface waves, elasticity). These Proceedings should offer an excellent vehicle for continuing the dialogue between these groups of researchers. The participants were invited because of their expertise and recent contributions to this field. Collectively, there were around 90 contrib utors to the Symposium from some 13 countries located all around the world. These included 45 speakers, 35 co-authors and about 10 other delegates. Individuals came from many of the major international cen tres of excellence in the field of scattering theory.
Posted in Science

Vectors in Two and Three Dimensions

Author: Anthony Nicolaides

Publisher: PASS PUBLICATIONS

ISBN: 1872684157

Category: Bivectors

Page: 56

View: 6710

Posted in Bivectors

Cambridge International AS & A Level Mathematics Pure Mathematics 1 second edition

Author: Sophie Goldie

Publisher: Hachette UK

ISBN: 1510420754

Category: Study Aids

Page: 320

View: 2488

Endorsed by Cambridge Assessment International Education to provide full support for Paper 1 of the syllabus for examination from 2020. Take mathematical understanding to the next level with this accessible series, written by experienced authors, examiners and teachers. - Improve confidence as a mathematician with clear explanations, worked examples, diverse activities and engaging discussion points. - Advance problem-solving, interpretation and communication skills through a wealth of questions that promote higher-order thinking. - Prepare for further study or life beyond the classroom by applying mathematics to other subjects and modelling real-world situations. - Reinforce learning with opportunities for digital practice via links to the Mathematics in Education and Industry's (MEI) Integral platform in the eTextbooks.* *To have full access to the eTextbooks and Integral resources you must be subscribed to both Dynamic Learning and Integral. To trial our eTextbooks and/or subscribe to Dynamic Learning, visit: www.hoddereducation.co.uk/dynamic-learning; to view samples of the Integral resources and/or subscribe to Integral, visit www.integralmaths.org. This book covers the syllabus content for Pure Mathematics 1, including quadratics, functions, coordinate geometry, circular measure, trigonometry, series, differentiation and integration. Available in this series: Five textbooks fully covering the latest Cambridge International AS & A Level Mathematics syllabus (9709) are accompanied by a Workbook, and Student and Whiteboard eTextbooks. Pure Mathematics 1: Student Textbook (ISBN 9781510421721), Student eTextbook (ISBN 9781510420762), Whiteboard eTextbook (ISBN 9781510420779), Workbook (ISBN 9781510421844) Pure Mathematics 2 and 3: Student Textbook (ISBN 9781510421738), Student eTextbook (ISBN 9781510420854), Whiteboard eTextbook (ISBN 9781510420878), Workbook (ISBN 9781510421851) Mechanics: Student Textbook (ISBN 9781510421745), Student eTextbook (ISBN 9781510420953), Whiteboard eTextbook (ISBN 9781510420977), Workbook (ISBN 9781510421837) Probability & Statistics 1: Student Textbook (ISBN 9781510421752), Student eTextbook (ISBN 9781510421066), Whiteboard eTextbook (ISBN 9781510421097), Workbook (ISBN 9781510421875) Probability & Statistics 2: Student Textbook (ISBN 9781510421776), Student eTextbook (ISBN 9781510421158), Whiteboard eTextbook (ISBN 9781510421165), Workbook (9781510421882)
Posted in Study Aids

AS Pure Mathematics

Author: Val Hanrahan,Roger Porkess,Peter Secker

Publisher: Hodder Education

ISBN: 9780340813973

Category: Mathematics

Page: 390

View: 9060

The highly-acclaimed MEI series of text books, supporting OCR's MEI Structured Mathematics specification, fully match the requirements of the specifications, and are reknowned for their student friendly approach. The compulsory modules Core Mathematics 1 and 2 have been published as a handy single-volume text book, giving you the flexibility to teach the content of these modules in the order that suits you. - Ensure exam success there are plenty of up-to-date exam questions, plus warning signs to indicate common pitfalls - Receive full support from MEI with newsletters, training days and an annual conference Include: - Worked Examples - Activities - Investigations - Graded Exercises - Key Points summaries - Discussion Points
Posted in Mathematics

Divergent Series, Summability and Resurgence III

Resurgent Methods and the First Painlevé Equation

Author: Eric Delabaere

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319290002

Category: Mathematics

Page: 230

View: 6512

The aim of this volume is two-fold. First, to show how the resurgent methods introduced in volume 1 can be applied efficiently in a non-linear setting; to this end further properties of the resurgence theory must be developed. Second, to analyze the fundamental example of the First Painlevé equation. The resurgent analysis of singularities is pushed all the way up to the so-called “bridge equation”, which concentrates all information about the non-linear Stokes phenomenon at infinity of the First Painlevé equation. The third in a series of three, entitled Divergent Series, Summability and Resurgence, this volume is aimed at graduate students, mathematicians and theoretical physicists who are interested in divergent power series and related problems, such as the Stokes phenomenon. The prerequisites are a working knowledge of complex analysis at the first-year graduate level and of the theory of resurgence, as presented in volume 1.
Posted in Mathematics

Problems and Solutions on Quantum Mechanics

Author: Yung-Kuo Lim

Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company

ISBN: 9813103000

Category: Science

Page: 764

View: 2961

The material for these volumes has been selected from the past twenty years' examination questions for graduate students at the University of California at Berkeley, Columbia University, the University of Chicago, the MIT, the State University of New York at Buffalo, Princeton University and the University of Wisconsin.
Posted in Science