In Materialism: An Affirmative History and Definition Richard C. Vitzthum focuses on one side of this longstanding debate to offer the first comprehensive history and re-definition of materialist philosophy in more than a century. His is the first study ever to identify and analyze in detail the three masterpieces of pre-20th-century materialist literature: Lucretius' The Nature of Things (ca. 50 B.C.E.); Paul d'Holbach's 1770 System of Nature; and Ludwig Buechner's 1884 edition of Force and Matter. What's more, it is the first effort to evaluate 20th-century materialist literature in terms of the tradition as a whole.
An Affirmative History and Definition
Author: Richard C. Vitzthum
Category: Literary Criticism
Author: Brij Gopal Tiwari
Contemporary Materialism brings together the best recent work on materialism from many of our leading contemporary philosophers. This is the first comprehensive reader on the subject. The majority of philosophers and scientists today hold the view that all phenomena are physical, as a result materialism or 'physicalism' is now the dominant ontology in a wide range of fields. Surprisingly no single book, until now, has collected the key investigations into materialism, to reflect the impact it has had on current thinking in metaphysics, philosophy of mind and the theory of value. The classic papers in this collection chart contemporary problems, positions and themes in materialism. At the invitation of the editors, many of the papers have been specially up-dated for this collection: follow-on pieces written by the contributors enable them to appraise the original paper and assess developments since the work was first published. The book's selections are largely non-technical and accessible to advanced undergraduates. The editors have provided a useful general introduction, outlining and contextualising this central system of thought, as well as a topical bibliography. Contemporary Materialism will be vital reading for anyone concerned to discover the ideas underlying contemporary philosophy. David Armstrong, University of Sydney; Jerry Fodor, Rutgers University, New Jersey; Tim Crane, University College, London; D. H. Mellor, Univeristy of Cambridge; J.J.C.
Author: Paul K. Moser,J. D. Trout
Now that Soviet style socialism has collapsed upon itself and liberal capitalism offers itself as the natural, necessary and absolute condition of human social life on a worldwide scale, this book insists that the potentially emancipatory resources of a renewed, and perhaps reconstructed, historical materialism are more relevant in today's world than ever before. Rather than viewing global capitalism as an eluctable natural force, these essays seek to show how a dialectic of power and resistance is at work in the contemporary global political economy, producing and contesting new realities and creating conditions in which new forms of collective self determination become thinkable and materially possible. It will be vital, topical reading for anyone interested in international relations, international political economy, sociology and political theory.
Author: Mark Rupert,Hazel Smith
Publisher: Psychology Press
Category: Business & Economics
This book challenges the widely-held view that Marxism is unable to deal adequately with environmental problems. Jonathan Hughes considers the nature of environmental problems, and the evaluative perspectives that may be brought to bear on them. He examines Marx s critique of Malthus, his method, and his materialism, interpreting the latter as a recognition of human dependence on nature. Central to the book s argument is an interpretation of the development of the productive forces which takes account of the differing ecological impacts of different productive technologies while remaining consistent with the normative and explanatory roles that this concept plays within Marx s theory. Turning finally to Marx s vision of a society founded on the communist principle to each according to his needs , the author concludes that the underlying notion of human need is one whose satisfaction presupposes only a modest and ecologically feasible expansion of productive output.
Author: Jonathan Hughes
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Category: Political Science
Expanded and updated to include a wide range of classic and contemporary works, this new edition of David Rosenthal's anthology provides a selection of the most important and influential writings on materialism and the mind-body problem.
Author: David M. Rosenthal
Publisher: Hackett Publishing
A brilliant introduction to the philosophical concept of materialism and its relevance to contemporary science and culture In this eye-opening, intellectually stimulating appreciation of a fascinating school of philosophy, Terry Eagleton makes a powerful argument that materialism is at the center of today’s important scientific and cultural as well as philosophical debates. The author reveals entirely fresh ways of considering the values and beliefs of three very different materialists—Marx, Nietzsche, and Wittgenstein—drawing striking comparisons between their philosophies while reflecting on a wide array of topics, from ideology and history to language, ethics, and the aesthetic. Cogently demonstrating how it is our bodies and corporeal activity that make thought and consciousness possible, Eagleton’s book is a valuable exposition on philosophic thought that strikes to the heart of how we think about ourselves and live in the world.
Author: Terry Eagleton
Publisher: Yale University Press
Examines Foucault's relationship to Marxism, as well as his relations to Kant, Gramsci, Habermas, and the Greeks.
Materialism and Education
Author: Mark Olssen
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
theory, methodology, problems
Author: Institut filosofii (Russie).
Category: Political Science
Ideal for scientifically minded individuals curious about life's spiritual side as well as spiritually inclined people seeking to back up their beliefs, this book offers evidence for the existence of telepathy, precognition, and psychic healing.
How Evidence of the Paranormal is Bringing Science and Spirit Together
Author: Charles T. Tart
Publisher: New Harbinger Publications
Category: Body, Mind & Spirit
Author: Anthony Giddens
Publisher: Univ of California Press
In this modern spiritual classic, the Tibetan meditation master Chögyam Trungpa highlights the commonest pitfall to which every aspirant on the spiritual path falls prey: what he calls spiritual materialism. The universal tendency, he shows, is to see spirituality as a process of self-improvement—the impulse to develop and refine the ego when the ego is, by nature, essentially empty. "The problem is that ego can convert anything to its own use," he said, "even spirituality." His incisive, compassionate teachings serve to wake us up from this trick we all play on ourselves, and to offer us a far brighter reality: the true and joyous liberation that inevitably involves letting go of the self rather than working to improve it. It is a message that has resonated with students for nearly thirty years, and remains fresh as ever today. This new edition includes a foreword by Chögyam Trungpa's son and lineage holder, Sakyong Mipham.
Author: Chogyam Trungpa
Publisher: Shambhala Publications
This book examines the evolution of materialism within the continental tradition in philosophy. After building a model of materialism, it shows how the writings of Kant, Marx, Weber, and Nietzsche have contributed to a materialist understanding of culture and history.
Author: Andrew M. Koch
Publisher: Lexington Books
Category: Political Science
Cultural Materialism, published in 1979, was Marvin Harris's first full-length explication of the theory with which his work has been associated. While Harris has developed and modified some of his ideas over the past two decades, generations of professors have looked to this volume as the essential starting point for explaining the science of culture to students. Now available again after a hiatus, this edition of Cultural Materialism contains the complete text of the original book plus a new introduction by Orna and Allen Johnson that updates his ideas and examines the impact that the book and theory have had on anthropological theorizing.
The Struggle for a Science of Culture
Author: Marvin Harris
Publisher: Rowman Altamira
Category: Social Science
The articles comprising this book stem from Croce's reflections on an essay on the materialist conception of history sent to him in 1895 by his former teacher, Antonio Labriola, whose lectures on moral philosophy Croce had attended at the University of Rome in 1885, and who can claim credit for having converted Trotsky to Marxism. The essay stimulated Croce to write a number of articles on socialist literature and economics that were gathered together and published as Materialismo Storico ed Economia Marxistica in 1899.
Author: Benedetto Croce
Publisher: Transaction Publishers
Category: Business & Economics
This collection of essays by ten of the nation's prominent social scientists and theologians offers serious commentary on our culture's obsession with material goods and examines the uneasy relation of materialism to religion. The contributors assess the ways in which materialism has been understood in recent analyses of American character, how the economy shapes our understandings of ourselves, the ways in which religious thought is being reshaped by economic circumstances, and the nature of consumerism. The complement to Wuthnow's God and Mammon in America, this volume challenges us all to look at materialism in new ways and suggests viable means for reversing our country's prevailing material fixation and its destructive effects on our spiritual lives.
Perspectives on the Spiritual Dimension of Economic Behavior
Author: Robert Wuthnow
Publisher: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing
The Marxist View of History and Politics
Author: Doug Lorimer
Publisher: Resistance Books
Category: Communism and society