Marxist Modern

An Ethnographic History of the Ethiopian Revolution

Author: Donald Lewis Donham

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520213296

Category: History

Page: 236

View: 4221

"Donham's beautifully written book makes a singular contribution to the emerging literature on global modernities. Donham creatively and seamlessly weaves together an array of textual fragments that enliven and enhance his ethnographic accounts, and together produce a fascinating book and a very good read." --Charles Piot, Duke University
Posted in History

The Oxford Handbook of the History of Communism

Author: S. A. Smith

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191667528

Category: History

Page: 672

View: 7231

The impact of Communism on the twentieth century was massive, equal to that of the two world wars. Until the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991, historians knew relatively little about the secretive world of communist states and parties. Since then, the opening of state, party, and diplomatic archives of the former Eastern Bloc has released a flood of new documentation. The thirty-five essays in this Handbook, written by an international team of scholars, draw on this new material to offer a global history of communism in the twentieth century. In contrast to many histories that concentrate on the Soviet Union, The Oxford Handbook of the History of Communism is genuinely global in its coverage, paying particular attention to the Chinese Revolution. It is 'global', too, in the sense that the essays seek to integrate history 'from above' and 'from below', to trace the complex mediations between state and society, and to explore the social and cultural as well as the political and economic realities that shaped the lives of citizens fated to live under communist rule. The essays reflect on the similarities and differences between communist states in order to situate them in their socio-political and cultural contexts and to capture their changing nature over time. Where appropriate, they also reflect on how the fortunes of international communism were shaped by the wider economic, political, and cultural forces of the capitalist world. The Handbook provides an informative introduction for those new to the field and a comprehensive overview of the current state of scholarship for those seeking to deepen their understanding.
Posted in History

Visions of Zion

Ethiopians and Rastafari in the Search for the Promised Land

Author: Erin C. MacLeod

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 1479880752

Category: Religion

Page: 288

View: 2057

In reggae song after reggae song Bob Marley and other reggae singers speak of the Promised Land of Ethiopia. “Repatriation is a must!” they cry. The Rastafari have been travelling to Ethiopia since the movement originated in Jamaica in 1930s. They consider it the Promised Land, and repatriation is a cornerstone of their faith. Though Ethiopians see Rastafari as immigrants, the Rastafari see themselves as returning members of the Ethiopian diaspora. In Visions of Zion, Erin C. MacLeod offers the first in-depth investigation into how Ethiopians perceive Rastafari and Rastafarians within Ethiopia and the role this unique immigrant community plays within Ethiopian society. Rastafari are unusual among migrants, basing their movements on spiritual rather than economic choices. This volume offers those who study the movement a broader understanding of the implications of repatriation. Taking the Ethiopian perspective into account, it argues that migrant and diaspora identities are the products of negotiation, and it illuminates the implications of this negotiation for concepts of citizenship, as well as for our understandings of pan-Africanism and south-south migration. Providing a rare look at migration to a non-Western country, this volume also fills a gap in the broader immigration studies literature.
Posted in Religion

Critically Modern

Alternatives, Alterities, Anthropologies

Author: Bruce M. Knauft

Publisher: Indiana University Press

ISBN: 9780253109415

Category: Social Science

Page: 344

View: 9417

"Critically Modern makes a critical intervention in one of the great debates of the moment. It offers a variety of rich and fascinating empirical analyses of 'modern' phenomena from diverse societies, and contributes a powerful (and largely missing) voice to the growing literature on globalization and modernity outside anthropology." -- Charles Piot "In these essays theory and ethnography are presented in ways that make them mutually enriching. The volume should appeal to scholars across the entire range of disciplines that deal with modernity and/or globalization." -- Edward LiPuma Are there multiple ways of being "modern" in the world today? How do people in various parts of the world become modern in their own distinct ways? Does the current focus on modernity in the social sciences resurrect a series of dichotomies ("traditional" and "modern," "the West" and "the Rest," "developed" and "undeveloped") that social theorists have sought to move beyond in recent years? Or do inflections of modernity capture key features of ideology and influence in the contemporary world? Combining rich ethnographic analysis with incisive theoretical critiques, this timely volume is certain to make an important mark in anthropology and in all related fields in which modernity is a central problematic. Contributors: Donald L. Donham, Robert J. Foster, Jonathan Friedman, Ivan Karp, John D. Kelly, Bruce M. Knauft, Lisa B. Rofel, Debra A. Spitulnik, Michel-Rolph Trouillot, and Holly Wardlow.
Posted in Social Science

Understanding Religion and Social Change in Ethiopia

Toward a Hermeneutic of Covenant

Author: Mohammed Girma

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

ISBN: 1137269413

Category: History

Page: 219

View: 9580

This volume investigates how social change has played out in the social and political history of the ancient society that is now contemporary Ethiopia. Mohammed Girma reveals why abrupt political change with no anchor in grassroots sensibility has not suited the native religious value-laden system, and calls instead for the continuity of certain elements of traditional values. Understanding Religion and Social Change in Ethiopia deftly utilizes the idea of 'covenant' thinking in negotiating a new vision of social change without sacrificing cultural identity.
Posted in History

Ethiopia

Author: Paulos Milkias

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 1598842587

Category: History

Page: 544

View: 944

This book is the most complete, accessible, and up-to-date resource for Ethiopian geography, history, politics, economics, society, culture, and education, with coverage from ancient times to the present. • Sidebars provide brief encapsulations of topics relevant to Ethiopian history, society, and culture • Figures and tables summarize statistics quoted in the text, offering up-to-date data on the economy of the country and other aspects of Ethiopian life • A reference section provides extensive information such as addresses, telephone numbers, and websites of major institutions and businesses and economic, cultural, educational, exchange, government, and tourist bureaus • An annotated bibliography facilitates in-depth research
Posted in History

Playing Different Games

The Paradox of Anywaa and Nuer Identification Strategies in the Gambella Region, Ethiopia

Author: Dereje Feyissa

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 0857450891

Category: Social Science

Page: 254

View: 5309

Focusing on ethnicity and its relation to conflict, this book goes beyond sterile debates about whether ethnic identities are 'natural' or 'socially constructed'. Rather, ethnic identity takes different forms. Some ethnic boundaries are perceived by the actors themselves as natural, while others are perceived to be permeable. The argument is substantiated through a comparative analysis of ethnic identity formation and ethnic conflict among the Anywaa and the Nuer in the Gambella region of western Ethiopia. The Anywaa and the Nuer are not just two ethnic groups but two kinds of ethnic groups. Conflicts between the Anywaa and Nuer are explained with reference to three variables: varying modes of identity formation, competition over resources and differential incorporation into the state system.
Posted in Social Science

Tyranny of the Weak

North Korea and the World, 1950–1992

Author: Charles K. Armstrong

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 0801468930

Category: History

Page: 328

View: 6731

To much of the world, North Korea is an impenetrable mystery, its inner workings unknown and its actions toward the outside unpredictable and frequently provocative. Tyranny of the Weak reveals for the first time the motivations, processes, and effects of North Korea's foreign relations during the Cold War era. Drawing on extensive research in the archives of North Korea's present and former communist allies, including the Soviet Union, China, and East Germany, Charles K. Armstrong tells in vivid detail how North Korea managed its alliances with fellow communist states, maintained a precarious independence in the Sino-Soviet split, attempted to reach out to the capitalist West and present itself as a model for Third World development, and confronted and engaged with its archenemies, the United States and South Korea. From the invasion that set off the Korean War in June 1950 to the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, Tyranny of the Weak shows how—despite its objective weakness—North Korea has managed for much of its history to deal with the outside world to its maximum advantage. Insisting on a path of "self-reliance" since the 1950s, North Korea has continually resisted pressure to change from enemies and allies alike. A worldview formed in the crucible of the Korean War and Cold War still maintains a powerful hold on North Korea in the twenty-first century, and understanding those historical forces is as urgent today as it was sixty years ago.
Posted in History

Seeking Salaam

Ethiopians, Eritreans, and Somalis in the Pacific Northwest

Author: Sandra M. Chait

Publisher: University of Washington Press

ISBN: 0295801808

Category: History

Page: 304

View: 9623

Prolonged violence in the Horn of Africa, the northeastern corner of the continent, has led growing numbers of Ethiopians, Eritreans, and Somalis to flee to the United States. Despite the enmity created by centuries of conflict, they often find themselves living as neighbors in their adopted cities, with their children as class-mates in school. In many ways, they are successfully navigating life in their new home; however, they continue to struggle to bridge old ethnic divisions and find salaam, or peace, with one another. News from home fuels historical grievances and perpetuates tensions within their communities, delaying acculturation, undermining attempts at reconciliation, and sabotaging the opportunity to reach the American Dream. In conversations with forty East African immigrants living in Seattle, Washington, and Portland, Oregon, Sandra Chait captures the immigrants' struggle for identity in the face of competing stories and documents how some individuals have been able to transcend the ghosts from the past and extend a tentative hand to their former enemies.
Posted in History

Ethiopia in Transit

Millennial Quest for Stability and Continuity

Author: Pietro Toggia,Abebe Zegeye

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317982061

Category: Social Science

Page: 226

View: 6645

The writings in this edition explore historical and contemporary issues in Ethiopia as the country underwent change and celebrated its new millennium. However, despite the recognizance of socio-economic and political changes, Ethiopia still faces enduring problems and challenges to its stability and continuity. The political past haunts the country while it is facing the future with optimism and hope. The contributors in this edition examine historical and contemporaneous issues with different lenses; they investigate the multiplicity and complexity of the contradictions that define traditional and modern Ethiopia. The contributions highlight the significance of the instability, dislocation, conflict and transformation inherent in any society. None of these writings, however, celebrate the forces that create the conflict; they are cautious not to glorify the present and romanticize the past. On the contrary, they seek to contextualize the challenges which the country faces with a view to open a dialogue, not exclusively among Ethiopians, but with scholars and social activists in the rest of Africa, as well as the international community. The contributions cover and examine such important topics as historiography, political power and legitimacy, ideology and radical views, knowledge transmission and modernity, emigration and the Ethiopian Diaspora, ethnic and linguistic identity, patriarchy and feminist discourses in a traditional society, public policies and economic development, traditional and modern art and culture, and neo-liberalism and globalization. This book was published as a special issue of African Identities.
Posted in Social Science

The Erotics of History

An Atlantic African Example

Author: Donald L. Donham

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520296311

Category: Social Science

Page: 152

View: 8068

Heading south : an introduction -- Ethnography interruptus -- The concept of the fetish -- African origins -- The poverty of sexuality -- African sexual extraversion and getting in bed with Robert Mapplethorpe -- Para-ethnography, golf, and the internet -- White slavery -- Love and money, romance and scam -- Conclusion : towards an understanding of erotics
Posted in Social Science

Schweifgebiete

Festschrift für Ulrich Braukämper

Author: Alke Dohrmann,Nicole Poissonnier

Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster

ISBN: 3643102097

Category: Ethnology

Page: 346

View: 5988

Posted in Ethnology

Revolution and genocide in Ethiopia and Cambodia

Author: Edward Kissi

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780739106914

Category: History

Page: 189

View: 2702

Revolution and Genocide in Ethiopia and Cambodia is the first comparative study of the Ethiopian and Cambodian revolutions of the early 1970s. One of the few comparative studies of genocide in the Third World, this book presents the positions of traditional genocide scholars, but the book's author, Kissi, takes a different position, arguing that the Cambodian genocide and the Ethiopian genocide had very different motives.
Posted in History

Africa

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Africa

Page: N.A

View: 707

Includes Proceedings of the Executive council and List of members, also section "Review of books".
Posted in Africa

Social Revolutions in the Modern World

Author: Theda Skocpol

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521409384

Category: History

Page: 354

View: 4292

In this collection of essays, Theda Skocpol, author of the award-winning States and Social Revolutions (CUP, 1979), updates her arguments about social revolutions. How are we to understand recent revolutionary upheavals in countries across the globe? Why have social revolutions happened in some countries, but not in others that seem similar? Skocpol shows how she and other scholars have used ideas about states and societies to identify the particular types of regimes that are susceptible to the growth of revolutionary movements and vulnerable to transfers of state power to revolutionary challengers.
Posted in History

States of Violence

Politics, Youth, and Memory in Contemporary Africa

Author: Edna G. Bay

Publisher: University of Virginia Press

ISBN: 9780813925776

Category: History

Page: 268

View: 2688

"By focusing on the participation and consequences for ordinary people, this collection offers a fresh perspective on the eruption of violence in sub-Saharan Africa. None of the contributions takes the easy way out—either by claiming any special propensity of Africans to violence, or by calling attention to titillating aspects of the violence itself. Rather, they offer ‘thick descriptions’ of particular violent episodes to develop their contexts and the larger causes that made them happen. The case studies, drawn from field research in Guinea-Bissau, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, South Africa, and Zimbabwe, search for the meaning of specific instances of collective violence to the individuals caught up in them."—Nelson Kasfir, Dartmouth College "This coherently assembled set of contributions illuminates crucial aspects of the disorder and insecurity afflicting much of contemporary Africa. The potent social force of a marginalized youth generation is explored in its different manifestations in a variety of settings by an excellent roster of scholars."—Crawford Young, Emeritus Professor of Political Science, University of Wisconsin, Madison "Unmatched in its ethnographic depth and attention to critical dimensions of African conflicts.... This volume cuts across the continent and across several intertwining themes to provide highly contextual analyses within a well-definedframework." —Catherine Besteman, Colby College, editor of Violence: A Reader The essayists whose work is collected here—historians, anthropologists, and political scientists—bring their diverse disciplinary perspectives to bear on various forms of violence that have plagued recent African history. Exploring violence as part of political economy and rejecting stereotypical explanations of African violence as endemic or natural to African cultures, the essays examine a continent where the boundaries on acceptable force are always shifting and the distinction between violence by the state and against the state is not always clear. Edna G. Bay, Associate Professor of Interdisciplinary Studies at Emory University, is author of Wives of the Leopard: Gender, Politics, and Culture in the Kingdom of Dahomey (Virginia). Donald L. Donham, Professor of Anthropology at the University of California, Davis, is author of Marxist Modern: An Ethnographic History of the Ethiopian Revolution.
Posted in History

Verratene Revolution

Was Ist Die Sowjetunion und Wohin Treibt Sie?

Author: Leo Trotzki

Publisher: Createspace Independent Pub

ISBN: 9781491285862

Category: Political Science

Page: 270

View: 6571

Wenige Werke der politischen Literatur haben vor der Geschichte so glänzend bestanden wie Leo Trotzkis »Verratene Revolution«. Mehr als siebzig Jahre nach ihrer Entstehung im Jahr 1936 ist diese Analyse der Sowjetunion noch immer unübertroffen. Sie sagt mehr über die Struktur und die Dynamik der sowjetischen Gesellschaft aus, als irgendein anderes Buch. Trotzki charakterisierte die Sowjetunion als eine »Übergangsgesellschaft«, deren Charakter und Schicksal die Geschichte noch nicht entschieden habe, und betont die Notwendigkeit für die Arbeiterklasse, das stalinistische Regime zu stürzen, auf der Grundlage der Sowjetdemokratie wieder die Kontrolle über den Staat zu erlangen und die Sowjetgesellschaft in den Sozialismus zu führen.
Posted in Political Science