Manual of Biocorrosion

Author: HectorA. Videla

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351433873

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 304

View: 6260

The Manual of Biocorrosion explains the microbiology, electrochemistry, and surface phenomena involved in biocorrosion and biofouling processes. Written primarily for non-specialists, the information in this manual is practical and offers a comprehensive look at the three components of biocorrosion: the microorganisms, the metal, and the aqueous environment. It also addresses methods for the monitoring, prevention, and control of biocorrosion. The first part of the book covers the fundamental aspects of microbiology, electrochemistry, and biofouling of metal surfaces. The second half describes biocorrosion assessment in the laboratory and the field, the main control and mitigation procedures used, practical case studies, and laboratory methods and formulations. The Manual of Biocorrosion is the book the industrial sector (water treatment plants, oil refineries, etc.) has been waiting for, providing the basics for implementing prevention, control, and mitigation procedures. In addition, it covers the latest industry trends with discussions of biocide selection, strategies for treating biocorrosion without harming the environment, and the latest monitoring programs. The academic sector will benefit as well from the up-to-date information on mechanisms and recent advances in all biocorrosion aspects and technology. Research trends such as the application of surface analysis techniques and modern electron microscopy, the use of conventional and innovative electrochemical techniques for assessment, and microbial inhibition of corrosion are all considered. Features 100 illustrations provide you with a visual understanding of the problems and techniques discussed 30 tables give you quick access to data 46 suggested readings provide references on books, conference and workshop proceedings, and special issues of scientific journals and technical publications specifically devoted to biocorrosion and biofouling 454 reference
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Understanding Biocorrosion

Fundamentals and Applications

Author: T Liengen,R Basseguy,Damien Feron,I Beech,V Birrien

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1782421254

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 446

View: 9716

Biocorrosion refers to corrosion influenced by bacteria adhering to surfaces in biofilms. Biocorrosion is a major problem in areas such as cooling systems and marine structures where biofilms can develop. This book summarises key recent research in this subject. Part one looks at theories of biocorrosion and measurement techniques. Part two discusses how bacteria and biofilms result in biocorrosion. The final part of the book includes case studies of biocorrosion in areas as diverse as buildings, fuels, marine environments and cooling systems. Provides a detailed overview of biocorrosion and the different scientific and/or industrial problems related to microbially induced corrosion Introduces a variety of investigative techniques and methodologies that are employed in diagnosing and evaluating microbially induced corrosion Includes case studies on: biodeterioration of building materials; biocorrosion issues associated with diesel and biofuels; marine biocorrosion; corrosion of open recirculating cooling water systems and cooling system components; the effect of H2S on steel corrosion
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Petroleum Biotechnology

Developments and Perspectives

Author: Rafael Vazquez-Duhalt,Rodolfo Quintero-Ramirez

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080473710

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 564

View: 3047

This book is one of a kind in the field of petroleum biorefining and biological upgrade of petroleum; it presents a critical review as well as an integrated overview of the potential biochemical processes, bridging the gap between academia and industry. It addresses today’s demanding production challenges, taking into account energy efficient and environmentally friendly processes, and also looks at the future possibility of implementing new refinery systems. Suitable for those practitioners the petroleum industry, students and researchers interested in petroleum biotechnology. * Covers a new application field for biotechnology * Looks at innovative processes for the petroleum industry * Presents examples of modern environmental processes
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Corrosion in the Petrochemical Industry, Second Edition

Author: N.A

Publisher: ASM International

ISBN: 1627080945

Category: Petroleum chemicals industry

Page: 426

View: 5334

Originally published in 1994, this second edition of Corrosion in the Petrochemical Industry collects peer-reviewed articles written by experts in the field of corrosion that were specifically chosen for this book because of their relevance to the petrochemical industry. This edition expands coverage of the different forms of corrosion, including the effects of metallurgical variables on the corrosion of several alloys. It discusses protection methods, including discussion of corrosion inhibitors and corrosion resistance of aluminum, magnesium, stainless steels, and nickels. It also includes a section devoted specifically to petroleum and petrochemical industry related issues.
Posted in Petroleum chemicals industry

Biotechnology of Metals

Principles, Recovery Methods and Environmental Concerns

Author: K.A. Natarajan

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0128040998

Category: Science

Page: 502

View: 5893

Biotechnology of Metals: Principles, Recovery Methods and Environmental Concerns deals with all aspects of metal biotechnology in different areas, such as biogenesis, biomaterials, biomimetic strategies, biohydrometallurgy, mineral biobeneficiation, electrobioleaching, microbial corrosion, human implants, concrete biocorrosion, microbiology of environment pollution, and bioremediation. As the technology of this interdisciplinary science has diversified over the last five years, this book provides a valuable source for scientists and students in a number of disciplines, including geology, chemistry, metallurgy, microbiology, chemical engineering, environment, civil engineering, and biomedical engineering. Offers comprehensive coverage of an interdisciplinary subject Outlines the role of microbiology and biotechnology in mining, metallurgy, waste disposal and environmental control Covers new topics, such as biogenesis, biomaterials processing, the role of micro-organisms in causing corrosion, and much more Presents scientifically illustrated experimental research methods in metals biotechnology
Posted in Science

Materials Performance

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Corrosion and anti-corrosives

Page: N.A

View: 7194

Posted in Corrosion and anti-corrosives

Corrosion Reviews

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Corrosion and anti-corrosives

Page: N.A

View: 8552

Posted in Corrosion and anti-corrosives

Biofouling and Biocorrosion in Industrial Water Systems

Proceedings of the International Workshop on Industrial Biofouling and Biocorrosion, Stuttgart, September 13–14, 1990

Author: Hans-Curt Flemming,Gill G. Geesey

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642765432

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 220

View: 7305

Microbial growth and contamination ("Biofouling") in water systems represents a significant threat to the quality of waters produced for the microelectronic, pharmaceutical, petroleum, paper, food and other manufacturing industries. Biofouling can lead to biologically induced corrosion ("Biocorrosion"), which can cause severe damage to the equipment. Both biofouling and biocorrosion are frequently not recognized in time, underestimated, or linked with the wrong causes. The book represents a new approach by introducing biofilm properties and dynamics as basic principles of biofouling and biocorrosion, thus providing a better understanding and the means of fighting the undesired effects of biofilms. The most important features are: Case histories of biofouling in water treatment.- Detection and monitoring of biofouling.- Reverse osmosis membrane biofouling.- Biocide efficacy and biofouling control.- Plant design considerations for preventing biofouling.- Case histories of biocorrosion.- Detection, monitoring, control and prevention of biocorrosion.- Fundamentals of biofouling and biocorrosion mechanisms.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Microbiologically Influenced Corrosion in the Upstream Oil and Gas Industry

Author: Torben Lund Skovhus,Dennis Enning,Jason S. Lee

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1498726607

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 558

View: 6800

Microorganisms are ubiquitously present in petroleum reservoirs and the facilities that produce them. Pipelines, vessels, and other equipment used in upstream oil and gas operations provide a vast and predominantly anoxic environment for microorganisms to thrive. The biggest technical challenge resulting from microbial activity in these engineered environments is the impact on materials integrity. Oilfield microorganisms can affect materials integrity profoundly through a multitude of elusive (bio)chemical mechanisms, collectively referred to as microbiologically influenced corrosion (MIC). MIC is estimated to account for 20 to 30% of all corrosion-related costs in the oil and gas industry. This book is intended as a comprehensive reference for integrity engineers, production chemists, oilfield microbiologists, and scientists working in the field of petroleum microbiology or corrosion. Exhaustively researched by leaders from both industry and academia, this book discusses the latest technological and scientific advances as well as relevant case studies to convey to readers an understanding of MIC and its effective management.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Corrosion Science and Technology

Mechanism, Mitigation and Monitoring

Author: U. Kamachi Mudali,Baldev Raj

Publisher: Alpha Science International Limited

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 586

View: 1922

For better efficiency and enhanced performance of engineering components used in industries, the mechanisms, mitigations and monitoring of corrosion processes have to be understood, monitored and mitigated in a comprehensive manner. The advancements taking place in science and technology provide several innovative equipments, methods and ways by which the corrosion processes could be studied and investigated. Several eminent specialists in diverse domains of corrosion science and technology are providing valuable insight and understanding in this edited book. This book is of high potential value to students, research scholars, teachers, managers and industrial plant personnel.
Posted in Science

Corrosion of Steel in Concrete Structures

Author: Amir Poursaee

Publisher: Woodhead Publishing

ISBN: 1782424024

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 312

View: 6997

Corrosion of reinforcing steel is now recognized as the major cause of degradation of concrete structures in many parts of the world. Despite this, infrastructure expenditure is being unreasonably decreased by sequestration and the incredible shrinking discretionary budget. All components of our infrastructure including highways, airports, water supply, waste treatment, energy supply, and power generation require significant investment and are subjected to degradation by corrosion, which significantly reduces the service life, reliability, functionality of structures and equipment, and safety. Corrosion of Steel in Concrete Structures provides a comprehensive review of the subject, in addition to recent advances in research and technological developments, from reinforcing materials to measurement techniques and modelling. This book contains not only all the important aspects in the field of corrosion of steel reinforced concrete but also discusses new topics and future trends. Part One of the book tackles theoretical concepts of corrosion of steel in concrete structures. The second part moves on to analyse the variety of reinforcing materials and concrete, including stainless steel and galvanized steel. Part Three covers measurements and evaluations, such as electrochemical techniques and acoustic emission. Part Four reviews protection and maintenance methods, whilst the final section analyses modelling, latest developments and future trends in the field. The book is essential reading for researchers, practitioners and engineers who are involved in materials characterisation and corrosion of steel in concrete structures. Provides comprehensive coverage on a broad range of topics related to the corrosion of steel bars in concrete Discusses the latest measuring methods and advanced modeling techniques Reviews the range of reinforcing materials and types of concrete
Posted in Technology & Engineering

ACI manual of concrete practice

Author: American Concrete Institute

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Concrete

Page: N.A

View: 1275

Posted in Concrete

Mineral Scales and Deposits

Scientific and Technological Approaches

Author: Zahid Amjad,Konstantinos D. Demadis

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0444627529

Category: Science

Page: 784

View: 7535

Mineral Scales and Deposits: Scientific and Technological Approaches presents, in an integrated way, the problem of scale deposits (precipitation/crystallization of sparingly-soluble salts) in aqueous systems, both industrial and biological. It covers several fundamental aspects, also offering an applications’ perspective, with the ultimate goal of helping the reader better understand the underlying mechanisms of scale formation, while also assisting the user/reader to solve scale-related challenges. It is ideal for scientists/experts working in academia, offering a number of crystal growth topics with an emphasis on mechanistic details, prediction modules, and inhibition/dispersion chemistry, amongst others. In addition, technologists, consultants, plant managers, engineers, and designers working in industry will find a field-friendly overview of scale-related challenges and technological options for their mitigation. Provides a unique, detailed focus on scale deposits, includes the basic science and mechanisms of scale formation Present a field-friendly overview of scale-related challenges and technological options for their mitigation Correlates chemical structure to performance Provides guidelines for easy assessment of a particular case, also including solutions Includes an extensive list of industrial case studies for reference
Posted in Science

Microbiologically Influenced Corrosion

Author: Brenda J. Little,Jason S. Lee

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470112441

Category: Science

Page: 272

View: 5555

A multi-disciplinary, multi-industry overview of microbiologically influenced corrosion, with strategies for diagnosis and control or prevention Microbiologically Influenced Corrosion helps engineers and scientists understand and combat the costly failures that occur due to microbiologically influenced corrosion (MIC). This book combines recent findings from diverse disciplines into one comprehensive reference. Complete with case histories from a variety of environments, it covers: Biofilm formation Causative organisms, relating bacteria and fungi to corrosion mechanisms for groups of metals Diagnosing and monitoring MIC Electrochemical techniques, with an overview of methods for detection of MIC The impact of alloying elements, including antimicrobial metals, and design features on MIC MIC of non-metallics Strategies for control or prevention of MIC, including engineering, chemical, and biological approaches This is a valuable, all-inclusive reference for corrosion scientists, engineers, and researchers, as well as designers, managers, and operators.
Posted in Science

Oil and Gas Pipelines

Integrity and Safety Handbook

Author: R. Winston Revie

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118216717

Category: Science

Page: 856

View: 6651

A comprehensive and detailed reference guide on the integrity and safety of oil and gas pipelines, both onshore and offshore Covers a wide variety of topics, including design, pipe manufacture, pipeline welding, human factors, residual stresses, mechanical damage, fracture and corrosion, protection, inspection and monitoring, pipeline cleaning, direct assessment, repair, risk management, and abandonment Links modern and vintage practices to help integrity engineers better understand their system and apply up-to-date technology to older infrastructure Includes case histories with examples of solutions to complex problems related to pipeline integrity Includes chapters on stress-based and strain-based design, the latter being a novel type of design that has only recently been investigated by designer firms and regulators Provides information to help those who are responsible to establish procedures for ensuring pipeline integrity and safety
Posted in Science

Environmental Microbiology for Engineers

Author: Volodymyr Ivanov

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439895007

Category: Science

Page: 438

View: 9380

This book enables engineering students to understand how microbiology can be applied to environmental research and practical applications. Written specifically for senior undergraduate to graduate level civil and environmental engineering students, the textbook encompasses both fundamental and applied principles and covers topics such as the microbiology of water, wastewater, soil, and air biotreatment systems used in environmental engineering. It also covers civil engineering topics such as biocementation, biocorrosion, biofouling and biodeterioration of materials. Suitable for environmental engineers with little to no biology training, this book provides a thoroughly up-to-date introduction to current trends in environmental microbiology and engineering. Microbial classification is represented as a periodic table with theoretical connections between all prokaryotic groups and highlighting their environmental applications. The textbook includes quizzes for each chapter, tutorials and exam questions. A separate solutions manual is available with qualifying course adoption. Combining microbiological knowledge and environmental biotechnology principles in a readable fashion, the book includes topics such as Structures and functions of microbial cell and cell aggregates Applied microbial genetics and molecular biology Diversity and function of microorganisms in environmental engineering systems Environmental bioengineering processes Microbiological monitoring of environmental engineering systems Microbiology of water and wastewater treatment Biocementation and bioc1ogging of soil Biocorrosion of constructions Biodeterioration of materials Biopollution of indoor environment Bioremediation and biotransformation of solid waste and soil Ancillary Instructional Material: Quiz and Exam Bank As an instructor and an active participant in the environmental and civil engineering community, the author has recognized the need for field-specific microbiology instructional material, and has constructed a concise, relevant text for both students and professionals.
Posted in Science

Science, Technology and European Cultural Heritage

Proceedings of the European Symposium, Bologna, Italy, 13-16 June 1989

Author: N.S. Baer,C. Sabbioni,A.I. Sors

Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann

ISBN: 1483162877

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 1026

View: 5973

Science, Technology and European Cultural Heritage is a collection of papers from the Proceedings of the European Symposium of the same title held in Bologna, Italy on June13-16, 1989. The papers discuss the critical issues related to the scientific and technical aspects of the protection and conservation of the cultural heritage of Europe. Participants of the symposium identify and describe the main research and development issues that are common to cultural heritage problems, and increase cooperation in these areas. Other papers examine the applicability of research and development through better matching with the real needs of conservators, restorers, policy makers, and the general public. The participants also discuss specific research and development directions for the future, including the provision of a scientific basis for European Community policies on environment and culture. One paper presents some of the scientific research done both in the field and laboratory of specific historical areas, monuments, indoor objects. As an example, archaeologists can use infrared thermal image analysis as an enhanced tool to detect buried archeological and historical sites. Another paper analyzes the chemical and physical properties of deteriorated stones in historical monuments in Castile-Leon. The collection can prove useful for archaeologists, historians, museum curators, and policy makers involved in national and cultural preservation.
Posted in Business & Economics

Microbiologically Influenced Corrosion

An Engineering Insight

Author: Reza Javaherdashti

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319443062

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 216

View: 400

Significantly extended from the first edition, this book presents the basics of microbiologically influenced corrosion (MIC) in an accessible and concise manner. It explores strategies for recognizing, understanding, mitigating and preventing this type of corrosion, and investigates this topic from the point of view of an engineer. Chapters cover issues including stress corrosion cracking and microbial corrosion, the pros and cons of biocides, the involvement of magnetic bacteria in microbial corrosion, and cathodic protection based on recent research in microbial environments. The 2nd Edition provides new material examining the following topics: *The corrosion-related bacteria clostridia *Mathematical modelling of MIC, in particular fuzzy logic *A comparison of culture-independent methods with culture-dependent methods *Further practical strategies for dealing with MIC *Natural biocidesThis book has provided course material for the author’s microbial corrosion workshops around the world, and it presents an invaluable resource to corrosion and integrity professionals working in a wide range of industries including power generation, oil and gas, marine, and mining. It is also intended for students and academics of corrosion engineering, materials science, microbiology, chemical engineering and welding.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Manual of environmental microbiology

Author: Christon J. Hurst,Ronald L. Crawford

Publisher: Amer Society for Microbiology

ISBN: N.A

Category: Medical

Page: 1138

View: 2881

The new second edition of this essential manual summarizes the information and knowledge of environmental microbiology in a single source. It details the natural fate of microorganisms in the environment as well as the intentional attempts to eliminate from the environment microorganisms that are pathogenic to humans or to plants and animals. The basic principles of environmental microbiology and general analytical methodologies, common across the range of the environments covered, are presented first. The core sections are structured with regard to the type of environmental medium being discussed. This landmark effort defines the study of environmental microbiology as we know it today and serve as an essential contribution to the literature.
Posted in Medical

Microbiology for Minerals, Metals, Materials and the Environment

Author: Abhilash,B. D. Pandey,K. A. Natarajan

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482257300

Category: Science

Page: 608

View: 6301

Better Understand the Connection between Microbiology and the Inorganic World Microbiology for Minerals, Metals, Materials and the Environment links chemical, metallurgical, and other metal inherent systems with microbes, and analyzes the interdependence between them. Specifically intended to underscore the importance of microbes in environmental remediation in the mining industries, this text offers a basic and conceptual understanding of the role of microbes, and provides an extensive exploration of microbiology and metals. Each chapter is written by experts from research, industry and academia. The authors expand on the whole scale of microbiology applications relevant to minerals, metal, material, and environment. They elicit the applications of microbes for metal extraction (including mechanisms and methods) from primary ores/minerals and mining wastes, biomining and related concepts of microbial diversity and various operations, and molecular biology of microbes involved in such systems (extremophiles). They also address in detail biohydrometallurgy, biomineralisation, bioleaching, biobeneficiation, biosynthesis, and bioremediation and other related areas. This book: Includes bacterial leaching, hybrid leaching, and biosynthesis related to different metals Covers recent developments in alternative procedures with the use of extremophiles and leaching bacteria Explains the imperative importance of bacteria in minerals and metals sector Addresses microbial interventions for waste cleanup and upgradation of minerals Compares existing processes with the new ones to elicit their importance Provides case studies on all respective topics by eminent researchers A resource for researchers, graduate students, and industry professionals involved in chemical/mining/metallurgical engineering/environmental science/microbiology, Microbiology for Minerals, Metals, Materials and the Environment skillfully explains the symbiotic relationship between microbiology and minerals-metals-materials, and utilizes experts from across the globe.
Posted in Science