Statistik-Workshop für Programmierer

Author: Allen B. Downey

Publisher: O'Reilly Germany

ISBN: 3868993436

Category: Computers

Page: 160

View: 3122

Wenn Sie programmieren können, beherrschen Sie bereits Techniken, um aus Daten Wissen zu extrahieren. Diese kompakte Einführung in die Statistik zeigt Ihnen, wie Sie rechnergestützt, anstatt auf mathematischem Weg Datenanalysen mit Python durchführen können. Praktischer Programmier-Workshop statt grauer Theorie: Das Buch führt Sie anhand eines durchgängigen Fallbeispiels durch eine vollständige Datenanalyse -- von der Datensammlung über die Berechnung statistischer Kennwerte und Identifikation von Mustern bis hin zum Testen statistischer Hypothesen. Gleichzeitig werden Sie mit statistischen Verteilungen, den Regeln der Wahrscheinlichkeitsrechnung, Visualisierungsmöglichkeiten und vielen anderen Arbeitstechniken und Konzepten vertraut gemacht. Statistik-Konzepte zum Ausprobieren: Entwickeln Sie über das Schreiben und Testen von Code ein Verständnis für die Grundlagen von Wahrscheinlichkeitsrechnung und Statistik: Überprüfen Sie das Verhalten statistischer Merkmale durch Zufallsexperimente, zum Beispiel indem Sie Stichproben aus unterschiedlichen Verteilungen ziehen. Nutzen Sie Simulationen, um Konzepte zu verstehen, die auf mathematischem Weg nur schwer zugänglich sind. Lernen Sie etwas über Themen, die in Einführungen üblicherweise nicht vermittelt werden, beispielsweise über die Bayessche Schätzung. Nutzen Sie Python zur Bereinigung und Aufbereitung von Rohdaten aus nahezu beliebigen Quellen. Beantworten Sie mit den Mitteln der Inferenzstatistik Fragestellungen zu realen Daten.
Posted in Computers

Machine Learning mit Python

Das Praxis-Handbuch für Data Science, Predictive Analytics und Deep Learning

Author: Sebastian Raschka

Publisher: MITP-Verlags GmbH & Co. KG

ISBN: 3958454240

Category: Computers

Page: 424

View: 3623

Posted in Computers

Machine Learning

A Constraint-Based Approach

Author: Marco Gori

Publisher: Morgan Kaufmann

ISBN: 0081006705

Category: Computers

Page: 580

View: 1064

Machine Learning: A Constraint-Based Approach provides readers with a refreshing look at the basic models and algorithms of machine learning, with an emphasis on current topics of interest that includes neural networks and kernel machines. The book presents the information in a truly unified manner that is based on the notion of learning from environmental constraints. While regarding symbolic knowledge bases as a collection of constraints, the book draws a path towards a deep integration with machine learning that relies on the idea of adopting multivalued logic formalisms, like in fuzzy systems. A special attention is reserved to deep learning, which nicely fits the constrained- based approach followed in this book. This book presents a simpler unified notion of regularization, which is strictly connected with the parsimony principle, and includes many solved exercises that are classified according to the Donald Knuth ranking of difficulty, which essentially consists of a mix of warm-up exercises that lead to deeper research problems. A software simulator is also included. Presents fundamental machine learning concepts, such as neural networks and kernel machines in a unified manner Provides in-depth coverage of unsupervised and semi-supervised learning Includes a software simulator for kernel machines and learning from constraints that also includes exercises to facilitate learning Contains 250 solved examples and exercises chosen particularly for their progression of difficulty from simple to complex
Posted in Computers

Machine Learning. Eine Analyse des State of the Art

Author: Kevin Donath

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 3668614466

Category: Computers

Page: 51

View: 3417

Machine Learning ist eine mögliche Umsetzung von künstlicher Intelligenz (kurz KI), die in Software für Dinge wie Computer Vision, Spracherkennung, Sprachverarbeitung und Steuerung von Robotern eingesetzt wird. KI ist ein Zweig der Informatik, der sich damit beschäftigt intelligentes Verhalten in Computern zu simulieren. Dieses Konzept wird für Firmen aus allen Wirtschaftszweigen sowohl in internen Prozessen als auch in Produkten immer bedeutender. In dieser Publikation gibt der Autor einen Überblick über den aktuellen Stand des Machine Learning. Sein Fokus liegt dabei auf der Darstellung des aktuellen Standes der Technologien, den Aktivitäten der Key Player und den Anwendungsgebieten.
Posted in Computers

Machine Learning - Medien, Infrastrukturen und Technologien der Künstlichen Intelligenz

Author: Christoph Engemann,Andreas Sudmann

Publisher: transcript Verlag

ISBN: 3732835308

Category: Social Science

Page: 392

View: 4924

Nicht weniger als von einer Revolution ist gegenwärtig die Rede. Neuere Verfahren der Künstlichen Intelligenz greifen in sämtliche Bereiche des sozialen und kulturellen Lebens ein: Maschinen lernen Bilder und Sprache zu erkennen, beherrschen die autonome Steuerung von Fahrzeugen ebenso wie Finanzinvestments und medizinische Diagnostik. Im digitalen Wandel ist Lernen damit kein Privileg des Menschen mehr. Vielmehr verschieben sich mit maschinellen Lernverfahren die Relationen zwischen Erkenntnismöglichkeiten, technischen Umwelten und humanen Akteuren. Dieser Band vermittelt erstmals für den deutschsprachigen Raum einen Überblick über die medialen, infrastrukturellen und historischen Voraussetzungen des maschinellen Lernens.
Posted in Social Science

Elements of Machine Learning

Author: Pat Langley

Publisher: Morgan Kaufmann

ISBN: 9781558603011

Category: Computers

Page: 419

View: 2883

Machine learning is the computational study of algorithms that improve performance based on experience, and this book covers the basic issues of artificial intelligence. Individual sections introduce the basic concepts and problems in machine learning, describe algorithms, discuss adaptions of the learning methods to more complex problem-solving tasks and much more.
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Machine Learning

An Artificial Intelligence Approach

Author: Yves Kodratoff,Ryszard S. Michalski

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080510558

Category: Computers

Page: 825

View: 3997

Machine Learning: An Artificial Intelligence Approach, Volume III presents a sample of machine learning research representative of the period between 1986 and 1989. The book is organized into six parts. Part One introduces some general issues in the field of machine learning. Part Two presents some new developments in the area of empirical learning methods, such as flexible learning concepts, the Protos learning apprentice system, and the WITT system, which implements a form of conceptual clustering. Part Three gives an account of various analytical learning methods and how analytic learning can be applied to various specific problems. Part Four describes efforts to integrate different learning strategies. These include the UNIMEM system, which empirically discovers similarities among examples; and the DISCIPLE multistrategy system, which is capable of learning with imperfect background knowledge. Part Five provides an overview of research in the area of subsymbolic learning methods. Part Six presents two types of formal approaches to machine learning. The first is an improvement over Mitchell's version space method; the second technique deals with the learning problem faced by a robot in an unfamiliar, deterministic, finite-state environment.
Posted in Computers

Introduction to Machine Learning

Author: Ethem Alpaydin

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262028182

Category: Computers

Page: 640

View: 1559

The goal of machine learning is to program computers to use example data or past experience to solve a given problem. Many successful applications of machine learning exist already, including systems that analyze past sales data to predict customer behavior, optimize robot behavior so that a task can be completed using minimum resources, and extract knowledge from bioinformatics data. Introduction to Machine Learning is a comprehensive textbook on the subject, covering a broad array of topics not usually included in introductory machine learning texts. Subjects include supervised learning; Bayesian decision theory; parametric, semi-parametric, and nonparametric methods; multivariate analysis; hidden Markov models; reinforcement learning; kernel machines; graphical models; Bayesian estimation; and statistical testing.Machine learning is rapidly becoming a skill that computer science students must master before graduation. The third edition of Introduction to Machine Learning reflects this shift, with added support for beginners, including selected solutions for exercises and additional example data sets (with code available online). Other substantial changes include discussions of outlier detection; ranking algorithms for perceptrons and support vector machines; matrix decomposition and spectral methods; distance estimation; new kernel algorithms; deep learning in multilayered perceptrons; and the nonparametric approach to Bayesian methods. All learning algorithms are explained so that students can easily move from the equations in the book to a computer program. The book can be used by both advanced undergraduates and graduate students. It will also be of interest to professionals who are concerned with the application of machine learning methods.
Posted in Computers

Machine Learning

A Guide to Current Research

Author: Tom M. Mitchell,Jaime G. Carbonell,Ryszard S. Michalski

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780898382143

Category: Computers

Page: 429

View: 2601

One of the currently most active research areas within Artificial Intelligence is the field of Machine Learning. which involves the study and development of computational models of learning processes. A major goal of research in this field is to build computers capable of improving their performance with practice and of acquiring knowledge on their own. The intent of this book is to provide a snapshot of this field through a broad. representative set of easily assimilated short papers. As such. this book is intended to complement the two volumes of Machine Learning: An Artificial Intelligence Approach (Morgan-Kaufman Publishers). which provide a smaller number of in-depth research papers. Each of the 77 papers in the present book summarizes a current research effort. and provides references to longer expositions appearing elsewhere. These papers cover a broad range of topics. including research on analogy. conceptual clustering. explanation-based generalization. incremental learning. inductive inference. learning apprentice systems. machine discovery. theoretical models of learning. and applications of machine learning methods. A subject index IS provided to assist in locating research related to specific topics. The majority of these papers were collected from the participants at the Third International Machine Learning Workshop. held June 24-26. 1985 at Skytop Lodge. Skytop. Pennsylvania. While the list of research projects covered is not exhaustive. we believe that it provides a representative sampling of the best ongoing work in the field. and a unique perspective on where the field is and where it is headed.
Posted in Computers

Scala for Machine Learning

Data processing, ML algorithms, smart analytics, and more

Author: Patrick R. Nicolas

Publisher: Packt Publishing Ltd

ISBN: 178712620X

Category: Computers

Page: 740

View: 1109

Leverage Scala and Machine Learning to study and construct systems that can learn from data About This Book Explore a broad variety of data processing, machine learning, and genetic algorithms through diagrams, mathematical formulation, and updated source code in Scala Take your expertise in Scala programming to the next level by creating and customizing AI applications Experiment with different techniques and evaluate their benefits and limitations using real-world applications in a tutorial style Who This Book Is For If you're a data scientist or a data analyst with a fundamental knowledge of Scala who wants to learn and implement various Machine learning techniques, this book is for you. All you need is a good understanding of the Scala programming language, a basic knowledge of statistics, a keen interest in Big Data processing, and this book! What You Will Learn Build dynamic workflows for scientific computing Leverage open source libraries to extract patterns from time series Write your own classification, clustering, or evolutionary algorithm Perform relative performance tuning and evaluation of Spark Master probabilistic models for sequential data Experiment with advanced techniques such as regularization and kernelization Dive into neural networks and some deep learning architecture Apply some basic multiarm-bandit algorithms Solve big data problems with Scala parallel collections, Akka actors, and Apache Spark clusters Apply key learning strategies to a technical analysis of financial markets In Detail The discovery of information through data clustering and classification is becoming a key differentiator for competitive organizations. Machine learning applications are everywhere, from self-driving cars, engineering design, logistics, manufacturing, and trading strategies, to detection of genetic anomalies. The book is your one stop guide that introduces you to the functional capabilities of the Scala programming language that are critical to the creation of machine learning algorithms such as dependency injection and implicits. You start by learning data preprocessing and filtering techniques. Following this, you'll move on to unsupervised learning techniques such as clustering and dimension reduction, followed by probabilistic graphical models such as Naive Bayes, hidden Markov models and Monte Carlo inference. Further, it covers the discriminative algorithms such as linear, logistic regression with regularization, kernelization, support vector machines, neural networks, and deep learning. You'll move on to evolutionary computing, multibandit algorithms, and reinforcement learning. Finally, the book includes a comprehensive overview of parallel computing in Scala and Akka followed by a description of Apache Spark and its ML library. With updated codes based on the latest version of Scala and comprehensive examples, this book will ensure that you have more than just a solid fundamental knowledge in machine learning with Scala. Style and approach This book is designed as a tutorial with hands-on exercises using technical analysis of financial markets and corporate data. The approach of each chapter is such that it allows you to understand key concepts easily.
Posted in Computers

MATLAB Deep Learning

With Machine Learning, Neural Networks and Artificial Intelligence

Author: Phil Kim

Publisher: Apress

ISBN: 1484228456

Category: Computers

Page: 151

View: 6005

Get started with MATLAB for deep learning and AI with this in-depth primer. In this book, you start with machine learning fundamentals, then move on to neural networks, deep learning, and then convolutional neural networks. In a blend of fundamentals and applications, MATLAB Deep Learning employs MATLAB as the underlying programming language and tool for the examples and case studies in this book. With this book, you'll be able to tackle some of today's real world big data, smart bots, and other complex data problems. You’ll see how deep learning is a complex and more intelligent aspect of machine learning for modern smart data analysis and usage. What You'll Learn Use MATLAB for deep learning Discover neural networks and multi-layer neural networks Work with convolution and pooling layers Build a MNIST example with these layers Who This Book Is For Those who want to learn deep learning using MATLAB. Some MATLAB experience may be useful.
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Deep Learning. Das umfassende Handbuch

Grundlagen, aktuelle Verfahren und Algorithmen, neue Forschungsansätze

Author: Ian Goodfellow,Yoshua Bengio,Aaron Courville

Publisher: MITP-Verlags GmbH & Co. KG

ISBN: 3958457010

Category: Computers

Page: 912

View: 6634

• Mathematische Grundlagen für Machine und Deep Learning • Umfassende Behandlung zeitgemäßer Verfahren: tiefe Feedforward-Netze, Regularisierung, Performance-Optimierung sowie CNNs, Rekurrente und Rekursive Neuronale Netze • Zukunftsweisende Deep-Learning-Ansätze sowie von Ian Goodfellow neu entwickelte Konzepte wie Generative Adversarial Networks Deep Learning ist ein Teilbereich des Machine Learnings und versetzt Computer in die Lage, aus Erfahrungen zu lernen. Dieses Buch behandelt umfassend alle Aspekte, die für den Einsatz und die Anwendung von Deep Learning eine Rolle spielen: In Teil I erläutern die Autoren die mathematischen Grundlagen für Künstliche Intelligenz, Neuronale Netze, Machine Learning und Deep Learning. In Teil II werden die aktuellen in der Praxis genutzten Verfahren und Algorithmen behandelt. In Teil III geben die Autoren Einblick in aktuelle Forschungsansätze und zeigen neue zukunftsweisende Verfahren auf. Dieses Buch richtet sich an Studenten und alle, die sich in der Forschung mit Deep Learning beschäftigen sowie an Softwareentwickler und Informatiker, die Deep Learning für eigene Produkte oder Plattformen einsetzen möchten. Dabei werden Grundkenntnisse in Mathematik, Informatik und Programmierung vorausgesetzt.
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The Computational Complexity of Machine Learning

Author: Michael J. Kearns

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262111522

Category: Computers

Page: 165

View: 1189

We also give algorithms for learning powerful concept classes under the uniform distribution, and give equivalences between natural models of efficient learnability. This thesis also includes detailed definitions and motivation for the distribution-free model, a chapter discussing past research in this model and related models, and a short list of important open problems."
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Machine Learning Algorithms

Author: Giuseppe Bonaccorso

Publisher: Packt Publishing Ltd

ISBN: 1785884514

Category: Computers

Page: 360

View: 4880

Build strong foundation for entering the world of Machine Learning and data science with the help of this comprehensive guide About This Book Get started in the field of Machine Learning with the help of this solid, concept-rich, yet highly practical guide. Your one-stop solution for everything that matters in mastering the whats and whys of Machine Learning algorithms and their implementation. Get a solid foundation for your entry into Machine Learning by strengthening your roots (algorithms) with this comprehensive guide. Who This Book Is For This book is for IT professionals who want to enter the field of data science and are very new to Machine Learning. Familiarity with languages such as R and Python will be invaluable here. What You Will Learn Acquaint yourself with important elements of Machine Learning Understand the feature selection and feature engineering process Assess performance and error trade-offs for Linear Regression Build a data model and understand how it works by using different types of algorithm Learn to tune the parameters of Support Vector machines Implement clusters to a dataset Explore the concept of Natural Processing Language and Recommendation Systems Create a ML architecture from scratch. In Detail As the amount of data continues to grow at an almost incomprehensible rate, being able to understand and process data is becoming a key differentiator for competitive organizations. Machine learning applications are everywhere, from self-driving cars, spam detection, document search, and trading strategies, to speech recognition. This makes machine learning well-suited to the present-day era of Big Data and Data Science. The main challenge is how to transform data into actionable knowledge. In this book you will learn all the important Machine Learning algorithms that are commonly used in the field of data science. These algorithms can be used for supervised as well as unsupervised learning, reinforcement learning, and semi-supervised learning. A few famous algorithms that are covered in this book are Linear regression, Logistic Regression, SVM, Naive Bayes, K-Means, Random Forest, TensorFlow, and Feature engineering. In this book you will also learn how these algorithms work and their practical implementation to resolve your problems. This book will also introduce you to the Natural Processing Language and Recommendation systems, which help you run multiple algorithms simultaneously. On completion of the book you will have mastered selecting Machine Learning algorithms for clustering, classification, or regression based on for your problem. Style and approach An easy-to-follow, step-by-step guide that will help you get to grips with real -world applications of Algorithms for Machine Learning.
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Deep Learning

A Practitioner's Approach

Author: Josh Patterson,Adam Gibson

Publisher: "O'Reilly Media, Inc."

ISBN: 1491914211

Category: Computers

Page: 532

View: 5543

Although interest in machine learning has reached a high point, lofty expectations often scuttle projects before they get very far. How can machine learning—especially deep neural networks—make a real difference in your organization? This hands-on guide not only provides the most practical information available on the subject, but also helps you get started building efficient deep learning networks. Authors Adam Gibson and Josh Patterson provide theory on deep learning before introducing their open-source Deeplearning4j (DL4J) library for developing production-class workflows. Through real-world examples, you’ll learn methods and strategies for training deep network architectures and running deep learning workflows on Spark and Hadoop with DL4J. Dive into machine learning concepts in general, as well as deep learning in particular Understand how deep networks evolved from neural network fundamentals Explore the major deep network architectures, including Convolutional and Recurrent Learn how to map specific deep networks to the right problem Walk through the fundamentals of tuning general neural networks and specific deep network architectures Use vectorization techniques for different data types with DataVec, DL4J’s workflow tool Learn how to use DL4J natively on Spark and Hadoop
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Machine Learning Approaches to Bioinformatics

Author: Zheng Rong Yang

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9814287318

Category: Computers

Page: 322

View: 6163

This book covers a wide range of subjects in applying machine learning approaches for bioinformatics projects. The book succeeds on two key unique features. First, it introduces the most widely used machine learning approaches in bioinformatics and discusses, with evaluations from real case studies, how they are used in individual bioinformatics projects. Second, it introduces state-of-the-art bioinformatics research methods. The theoretical parts and the practical parts are well integrated for readers to follow the existing procedures in individual research. Unlike most of the bioinformatics books on the market, the content coverage is not limited to just one subject. A broad spectrum of relevant topics in bioinformatics including systematic data mining and computational systems biology researches are brought together in this book, thereby offering an efficient and convenient platform for teaching purposes. An essential reference for both final year undergraduates and graduate students in universities, as well as a comprehensive handbook for new researchers, this book will also serve as a practical guide for software development in relevant bioinformatics projects.
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Reinforcement Learning

An Introduction

Author: Richard S. Sutton,Andrew G. Barto,Co-Director Autonomous Learning Laboratory Andrew G Barto,Francis Bach

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262193986

Category: Computers

Page: 322

View: 6537

An account of key ideas and algorithms in reinforcement learning. The discussion ranges from the history of the field's intellectual foundations to recent developments and applications. Areas studied include reinforcement learning problems in terms of Markov decision problems and solution methods.
Posted in Computers

C4.5

Programs for Machine Learning

Author: J. Ross Quinlan

Publisher: Morgan Kaufmann

ISBN: 9781558602380

Category: Computers

Page: 302

View: 8964

This book is a complete guide to the C4.5 system as implemented in C for the UNIX environment. It contains a comprehensive guide to the system's use, the source code (about 8,800 lines), and implementation notes.
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Gaussian Processes for Machine Learning

Author: Carl Edward Rasmussen,Christopher K. I. Williams

Publisher: Mit Press

ISBN: 9780262182539

Category: Computers

Page: 248

View: 7327

A comprehensive and self-contained introduction to Gaussian processes, which provide a principled, practical, probabilistic approach to learning in kernel machines.
Posted in Computers

Machine Learning

New and Collected Stories

Author: Hugh Howey

Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt

ISBN: 1328764338

Category: Fiction

Page: 352

View: 2164

A new collection of stories, including some that have never before been seen, from the New York Times best-selling author of the Silo trilogy Hugh Howey is known for crafting riveting and immersive page-turners of boundless imagination, spawning millions of fans worldwide, first with his best-selling novel Wool, and then with other enthralling works such as Sand and Beacon 23. Now comes Machine Learning, an impressive collection of Howey’s science fiction and fantasy short fiction, including three stories set in the world of Wool, two never-before-published tales written exclusively for this volume, and fifteen additional stories collected here for the first time. These stories explore everything from artificial intelligence to parallel universes to video games, and each story is accompanied by an author’s note exploring the background and genesis of each story. Howey’s incisive mind makes Machine Learning: New and Collected Stories a compulsively readable and thought-provoking selection of short works—from a modern master at the top of his game.
Posted in Fiction