Longevity and Social Change in Australia

Author: Allan Borowski,Sol Encel,Elizabeth Ozanne

Publisher: UNSW Press

ISBN: 9780868408897

Category: History

Page: 397

View: 1883

Covers a wide range of issues, including health, retirement incomes, aged care, family relations, employment, housing, and town planning; special attention is given to the particular structural disadvantages affecting women, Aboriginal Australians, and ethnic minorities.
Posted in History

The SAGE Handbook of Social Gerontology

Author: Dale Dannefer

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1412934648

Category: Social Science

Page: 685

View: 997

This volume reflects the emergence of ageing as a global concern, including chapters by international scholars from Asia, Australasia, Europe and North America. It provides a comprehensive overview of key trends and issues in the field, drawing upon the full range of social science disciplines. The Handbook is organized into five parts, each exploring different aspects of research into social aspects of ageing: * Disciplinary overviews: summaries of findings from key disciplinary areas within social gerontology * Social relationships and social differences: topics include: social inequality, gender and ageing, the role of religion, inter-generational ties, social networks, and friendships in later life. * Individual characteristics and change in later life: chapters in this section examine different aspects of individual aging, including self and identity, cognitive processes, and biosocial interactions and their impact on physical and psychological aging. * Comparative perspectives and cultural innovations: topics in this section include: ageing and development, ageing in a global context, migration, and cross-cultural perspectives on grandparenthood. * Policy issues: The final section examines some of the main policy concerns affecting older people across the world. Topics include: developments in social policy, long-term care, technology and older people, end of life issues, work and retirement, crime and older people, and the politics of old age. This will be essential reading for all students, researchers and policy-makers concerned with the major issues influencing the lives of older people across the globe.
Posted in Social Science

Nursing Older People

Issues and Innovations

Author: Rhonda Nay,Sally Garratt

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0729578984

Category: Medical

Page: 432

View: 8608

This edition captures the underlying new approach in patient centred care and thinking from a multidisciplinary perspective. It highlights the most recent ideas and experiences of policy analysts, nurses, doctors, allied health professionals and the consumer experience from both Australia and Internationally. Contemporary research compliments the vignettes of practice and in conjunction with accompanying ‘video’ clips serve to capture the realities of caring for older people in our society. Change in focus of health care system with the patient centered care taking precedence and this new philosophy is incorporated into the third edition Key focus on issues and innovations in aged care, with evidence-based examples and clinical vignettes included throughout the new edition Cases are incorporated into each chapter to re-enforce and highlight many issues faced by nurses and health care workers in aged care Written by experts in the field of aged care Accompanying DVD, provides video clips of interviews with health practitioners and it highlights innovations to health care demands; issues such as dementia and broader aging issues. These serve to re-enforce the underpinning interdisciplinary and innovative approach of the third edition. An Evolve ebooks will be available of this title This text reflects new thinking in care; include the ideas and experiences of policy analysts, nurses, doctors, allied health professionals and the consumer experience mainly from Australia but with international contributions and be based on contemporary research. It will also point readers to ‘the evidence’ where it exists, and include vignettes of practice and ‘video’ clips where appropriate.
Posted in Medical

Population Ageing and Australia's Future

Author: Hal Kendig,Peter McDonald,John Piggott

Publisher: ANU Press

ISBN: 1760460672

Category: Social Science

Page: 317

View: 7915

This volume provides evidence from many of Australia’s leading scholars from a range of social science disciplines to support policies that address challenges presented by Australia’s ageing population. It builds on presentations made to the 2014 Symposium of the Academy of the Social Sciences in Australia. The material is in four parts: Perspectives on AgeingPopulation Ageing: Global, regional and Australian perspectivesImproving Health and WellbeingResponses by Government and Families/Individuals ‘The Academy of the Social Sciences in Australia sees this volume as a major contribution to improving our understanding of Australia’s population ageing. Social science research in this area truly underpins our ability as a nation to manage such demographic change, and its consequences for the economy and society. Such knowledge helps ensure that our citizens can live even better lives.’ — Glenn Withers, President, ASSA ‘It is fantastic that Australians are living longer and healthier lives but we need to address these demographic changes.’ — The Hon Joe Hockey MP, 2015 Intergenerational Report
Posted in Social Science

Ageing in Australia

Challenges and Opportunities

Author: Kate O’Loughlin,Colette Browning,Hal Kendig

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1493964666

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 290

View: 6807

This stimulating volume examines the many faces of Australia’s ageing population, the social and health issues they contend with, and the steps being taken—and many that should be taken—to help ensure a more positive and productive later life. Individual and societal ageing are conceptualized as developmental in nature, socially diverse, and marked by daily life challenges stemming from the country’s economic structures, attitudes, geography, political landscape, and infrastructure. Wide-ranging coverage (e.g., health, inequalities, employment, transportation) assesses options available to older people, and the role of families, employers, service providers, government agencies, and others in promoting or expanding those choices. The book’s double emphasis on challenges in older people’s lives and opportunities for enhancing their quality of life is on clear display as case studies examine policy issues—and propose solutions—in a societal and individual context. Included in the coverage: · Australian developments in ageing: issues and history. · Cultural diversity, health, and ageing. · Indigenous Australians and ageing: responding to diversity in policy and practice. · Enhancing the health and employment participation of older workers. · Housing and the environments of ageing. · Health services and care for older people. The rich examples in Ageing in Australia contain a depth of understanding and evidence for sociologists, gerontologists and psychologists studying ageing, health care professionals providing care to older people, and policy analysts assessing areas for improvement.
Posted in Family & Relationships

Explaining Divergent Levels of Longevity in High-Income Countries

Author: Panel on Understanding Divergent Trends in Longevity in High-Income Countries,Committee on Population,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309186404

Category: Social Science

Page: 200

View: 9442

During the last 25 years, life expectancy at age 50 in the United States has been rising, but at a slower pace than in many other high-income countries, such as Japan and Australia. This difference is particularly notable given that the United States spends more on health care than any other nation. Concerned about this divergence, the National Institute on Aging asked the National Research Council to examine evidence on its possible causes. According to Explaining Divergent Levels of Longevity in High-Income Countries, the nation's history of heavy smoking is a major reason why lifespans in the United States fall short of those in many other high-income nations. Evidence suggests that current obesity levels play a substantial part as well. The book reports that lack of universal access to health care in the U.S. also has increased mortality and reduced life expectancy, though this is a less significant factor for those over age 65 because of Medicare access. For the main causes of death at older ages -- cancer and cardiovascular disease -- available indicators do not suggest that the U.S. health care system is failing to prevent deaths that would be averted elsewhere. In fact, cancer detection and survival appear to be better in the U.S. than in most other high-income nations, and survival rates following a heart attack also are favorable. Explaining Divergent Levels of Longevity in High-Income Countries identifies many gaps in research. For instance, while lung cancer deaths are a reliable marker of the damage from smoking, no clear-cut marker exists for obesity, physical inactivity, social integration, or other risks considered in this book. Moreover, evaluation of these risk factors is based on observational studies, which -- unlike randomized controlled trials -- are subject to many biases.
Posted in Social Science

Aging: Culture, Health, and Social Change

Author: David N. Weisstub,David C. Thomasma,S. Gauthier,G.F. Tomossy

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402001802

Category: Medical

Page: 256

View: 7440

This is the first of three volumes on Aging conceived for the International Library of Ethics, Law, and the New Medicine. Leading scholars from a range of disciplines contest some of the predominant paradigms on aging, and critically assess modern trends in social health policy.
Posted in Medical

Epigenetics of Aging and Longevity

Translational Epigenetics

Author: Alexey Moskalev,Alexander M. Vaiserman

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 012811083X

Category: Medical

Page: 544

View: 3313

Epigenetics of Aging and Longevity provides an in-depth analysis of the epigenetic nature of aging and the role of epigenetic factors in mediating the link between early-life experiences and life-course health and aging. Chapters from leading international contributors explore the effect of adverse conditions in early-life that may result in disrupted epigenetic pathways, as well as the potential to correct these disrupted pathways via targeted therapeutic interventions. Intergenerational epigenetic inheritance, epigenetic drug discovery, and the role of epigenetic mechanisms in regulating specific age-associated illnesses—including cancer and cardiovascular, metabolic, and neurodegenerative diseases—are explored in detail. This book will help researchers in genomic medicine, epigenetics, and biogerontology better understand the epigenetic determinants of aging and longevity, and ultimately aid in developing therapeutics to extend the human life-span and treat age-related disease. Offers a comprehensive overview of the epigenetic nature of aging, as well as the impact of epigenetic factors on longevity and regulating age-related disease Provides readers with clinical and epidemiological evidence for the role of epigenetic mechanisms in mediating the link between early-life experiences, life-course health and aging trajectory Applies current knowledge of epigenetic regulatory pathways towards developing therapeutic interventions for age-related diseases and extending the human lifespan
Posted in Medical

Looking Forward Through the Lifespan: Developmental Psychology

Author: Candida C Peterson

Publisher: Pearson Higher Education AU

ISBN: 1442556943

Category: Psychology

Page: 719

View: 9576

When a local context really makes the difference… The new edition of this original Australian text continues to offer the most balanced coverage of theory and research for Australian students and educators and appeals to students from many backgrounds. It covers the domains of development including neurological, cognitive, social, physical and personality. The text is organised chronologically by chapter. Within each chapter content is organised topically. This structure allows for a degree of flexibility and lecturers can choose the way they wish to approach the content, whether it is topically or chronologically.
Posted in Psychology

Diversity and Change in Australian Families

Statistical Profiles

Author: D. A. De Vaus

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Electronic books

Page: 335

View: 8337

"Statistical information about Australian families and family change from reliable sources." - foreword.
Posted in Electronic books

The Longevity Project

Surprising Discoveries for Health and Long Life from the Landmark Eight-Decade S tudy

Author: Howard S. Friedman Ph.D.,Leslie R. Martin Ph.D.

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 1101513373

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 272

View: 7493

Watch a video Watch a Fox News segment on The Longevity Project. This landmark study--which Dr. Andrew Weil calls "a remarkable achievement with surprising conclusions"--upends the advice we have been told about how to live to a healthy old age. We have been told that the key to longevity involves obsessing over what we eat, how much we stress, and how fast we run. Based on the most extensive study of longevity ever conducted, The Longevity Project exposes what really impacts our lifespan-including friends, family, personality, and work. Gathering new information and using modern statistics to study participants across eight decades, Dr. Howard Friedman and Dr. Leslie Martin bust myths about achieving health and long life. For example, people do not die from working long hours at a challenging job- many who worked the hardest lived the longest. Getting and staying married is not the magic ticket to long life, especially if you're a woman. And it's not the happy-go-lucky ones who thrive-it's the prudent and persistent who flourish through the years. With questionnaires that help you determine where you are heading on the longevity spectrum and advice about how to stay healthy, this book changes the conversation about living a long, healthy life.
Posted in Health & Fitness

The 100-Year Life

Living and Working in an Age of Longevity

Author: Lynda Gratton,Andrew Scott

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1472930169

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 256

View: 5212

What will your 100-year life look like? Does the thought of working for 60 or 70 years fill you with dread? Or can you see the potential for a more stimulating future as a result of having so much extra time? Many of us have been raised on the traditional notion of a three-stage approach to our working lives: education, followed by work and then retirement. But this well-established pathway is already beginning to collapse – life expectancy is rising, final-salary pensions are vanishing, and increasing numbers of people are juggling multiple careers. Whether you are 18, 45 or 60, you will need to do things very differently from previous generations and learn to structure your life in completely new ways. The 100-Year Life is here to help. Drawing on the unique pairing of their experience in psychology and economics, Lynda Gratton and Andrew Scott offer a broad-ranging analysis as well as a raft of solutions, showing how to rethink your finances, your education, your career and your relationships and create a fulfilling 100-year life. · How can you fashion a career and life path that defines you and your values and creates a shifting balance between work and leisure? · What are the most effective ways of boosting your physical and mental health over a longer and more dynamic lifespan? · How can you make the most of your intangible assets – such as family and friends – as you build a productive, longer life? · In a multiple-stage life how can you learn to make the transitions that will be so crucial and experiment with new ways of living, working and learning? Shortlisted for the FT/McKinsey Business Book of the Year Award, The 100-Year Life is a wake-up call that describes what to expect and considers the choices and options that you will face. It is also fundamentally a call to action for individuals, politicians, firms and governments and offers the clearest demonstration that a 100-year life can be a wonderful and inspiring one.
Posted in Business & Economics

Generational Change and Social Policy Challenges

Australia and South Korea

Author: Ruth Phillips

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Australia

Page: 238

View: 6348

What is the 'sandwich generation' and why is 'care' its key defining characteristic? What are the different effects and responses to the digital generation in Australia and Korea?How are Australia and Korea addressing the needs arising from the pressing social issue of our time, the ageing of our populations? How might scholars, practitioners and students approach these diverse generational issues in a comparative context? You will find insightful responses to these and other questions in this book. Leading researchers in their fields such as national demography expert, Professor Peter McDonald, leading gerontology researcher, Professor Hal Kendig, childcare policy expert, Associate Professor Deborah Brennan and a number of Korean counterparts provide strong analytical discussions on key issues for the future of the two countries. Arising from a conference held in late 2005 that brought together key researchers across a number of disciplines, this edited collection draws together critical concerns of two countries that are experiencing extraordinary generational change. With support from the Australia Korea Foundation, this book has been produced as an important resource for anyone interested in how Australia's responses to generational change compare to Korea's engagement with very similar problems. It highlights similarities and diversities in experiences and responses within Australia and Korea and analyses the major social policy challenges in the present and for the future.
Posted in Australia

The Women’s Movement in Protest, Institutions and the Internet

Australia in transnational perspective

Author: Sarah Maddison,Marian Sawer

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134441029

Category: Political Science

Page: 214

View: 3367

The death of feminism is regularly proclaimed in the West. Yet at the same time feminism has never had such an extensive presence, whether in international norms and institutions, or online in blogs and social networking campaigns. This book argues that the women’s movement is not over; but rather social movement theory has led us to look in the wrong places. This book offers both methodological and theoretical innovations in the study of social movements, and analyses how the trajectories of protest activity and institution-building fit together. The rich empirical study, together with focused research on discursive activism, blogging, popular culture and advocacy networks, provides an extraordinary resource, showing how the women’s movements can survive the highs and lows and adapt in unexpected ways. Expert contributors explore the ways in which the movement is continuing to work its way through institutions, and persists within submerged networks, cultural production and in everyday living, sustaining itself in non-receptive political environments and maintaining a discursive feminist space for generations to come. Set in a transnational perspective, this book trace the legacies of the Australian women’s movement to the present day in protest, non-government organisations, government organisations, popular culture, the Internet and the Slut Walk. The Women’s Movement in Protest, Institutions and the Internet will be of interest to international students and scholars of gender politics, gender studies, social movement studies and comparative politics.
Posted in Political Science

Multiculturalism and Integration

A Harmonious Relationship

Author: Michael Clyne,James Jupp

Publisher: ANU E Press

ISBN: 1921862157

Category: Social Science

Page: 228

View: 2796

Multiculturalism has been the official policy of all Australian governments (Commonwealth and State) since the 1970s. It has recently been criticised, both in Australia and elsewhere. Integration has been suggested as a better term and policy. Critics suggest it is a reversion to assimilation. However integration has not been rigorously defined and may simply be another form of multiculturalism, which the authors believe to have been vital in sustaining social harmony.
Posted in Social Science

Law and Social Change

Author: Sharyn L Roach Anleu

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1446204804

Category: Social Science

Page: 312

View: 8413

This is a timely new edition of Sharyn L Roach Anleu's invaluable introduction to the sociology of law and its role as a social institution and social process. Discussing current theory and key empirical research from a diverse range of perspectives Law and Social Change gives relevant examples, from various cultures and societies, to provide a sociological view which goes beyond more jurisprudential approaches to law and society. The book: • provides coverage of major classic and contemporary social theories of law • is informed by empirical research drawn from several countries/societies • includes up to date and relevant examples This thoroughly updated edition engages with modern scholarship, and recent research, on globalization whilst also looking at related issues such as the internationalization of law and human rights. It explores recent reforms at local and national levels, including issues of migration and refugees, the regulation of 'anti-social' behaviour, and specialist or problem solving courts and also provides a clear, accessible introduction to research methods used in the socio-legal field. Direct and wide-ranging this text will be essential reading for students and researchers on social science and law courses and in particular, those taking sociology, legal theory, criminology and criminal justice studies.
Posted in Social Science

International Differences in Mortality at Older Ages:

Dimensions and Sources

Author: Panel on Understanding Divergent Trends in Longevity in High-Income Countries,Committee on Population,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309157331

Category: Social Science

Page: 428

View: 4894

In 1950 men and women in the United States had a combined life expectancy of 68.9 years, the 12th highest life expectancy at birth in the world. Today, life expectancy is up to 79.2 years, yet the country is now 28th on the list, behind the United Kingdom, Korea, Canada, and France, among others. The United States does have higher rates of infant mortality and violent deaths than in other developed countries, but these factors do not fully account for the country's relatively poor ranking in life expectancy. International Differences in Mortality at Older Ages: Dimensions and Sources examines patterns in international differences in life expectancy above age 50 and assesses the evidence and arguments that have been advanced to explain the poor position of the United States relative to other countries. The papers in this deeply researched volume identify gaps in measurement, data, theory, and research design and pinpoint areas for future high-priority research in this area. In addition to examining the differences in mortality around the world, the papers in International Differences in Mortality at Older Ages look at health factors and life-style choices commonly believed to contribute to the observed international differences in life expectancy. They also identify strategic opportunities for health-related interventions. This book offers a wide variety of disciplinary and scholarly perspectives to the study of mortality, and it offers in-depth analyses that can serve health professionals, policy makers, statisticians, and researchers.
Posted in Social Science

Longevity and Frailty

Author: J.R. Carey,Jean-Marie Robine,J.-P. Michel

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540273883

Category: Medical

Page: 162

View: 8540

Understanding the relationship between frailty and longevity becomes increasingly important as the world continues to age and life expectancy in most countries continues to increase. The articles contained in this book are the outcome of a colloquium sponsored by Fondation IPSEN in which interdisciplinary perspectives were brought to bear on conceptual, empirical and clinical aspects of this relationship.
Posted in Medical

Configurations of Family in Contemporary Japan

Author: Tomoko Aoyama,Laura Dales,Romit Dasgupta

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317974999

Category: History

Page: 180

View: 1104

The middle-class nuclear family model has long dominated discourses on family in Japan. Yet there have always been multiple configurations of family and kinship, which, in the context of significant socio-economic and demographic shifts since the 1990s, have become increasingly visible in public discourse. This book explores the meanings and practices of "family" in Japan, and brings together research by scholars of literature, gender studies, media and cultural studies, sociology and anthropology. While the primary focus is the "Japanese" family, it also examines the experience and practice of family beyond the borders of Japan, in such settings as Brazil, Australia, and Bali. The chapters explore key issues such as ageing, single households, non-heterosexual living arrangements and parenting. Moreover, many of the issues addressed, such as the growing diversity of family, the increase in single-person households, and the implications of an ageing society, are applicable to other mature, late-industrial societies. Employing both multi- and inter-disciplinary approaches, this book combines textual analysis of contemporary television, film, literature, manga, anime and other media with empirical and ethnographic studies of families in Japan and in transnational spaces. As such, it will be of great interest to students and scholars working across a number of fields including Japanese culture and society, sociology of family, gender studies, film and media studies, literature and cultural studies, and gerontology.
Posted in History