Lives of eminent philosophers

Author: Diogenes Laertius

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780674992047

Category: Philosophy

Page: 704

View: 3348

Posted in Philosophy

A Summary of Stoic Philosophy

Zeno of Citium in Diogenes Laertius Book Seven

Author: Diogenes


ISBN: 0955684412

Category: Religion

Page: 168

View: 4352

Excerpted from Diogenes Laertius' The lives and opinions of eminent philosophers, book seven.
Posted in Religion

An Outline of Cynic Philosophy: Antisthenes of Athens and Diogenes of Sinope in Diogenes Laertius Book Six

Author: Keith Seddon,C. D. Yonge


ISBN: 095568448X

Category: Religion

Page: 236

View: 7970

This volume is a revised translation of the complete text of Book Six about Diogenes of Sinope and the Cynics, taken from The Lives and Opinions of Eminent Philosophers written around AD 230 by the Graeco-Roman author Diogenes Laertius. The Life of Diogenes is accompanied by a detailed outline of Cynic philosophy, explaining Cynic doctrine and its significance for today's audience. Alongside the Life of Diogenes are accounts of other Cynics, including Antisthenes, Crates and Hipparchia. The works of the early Cynics have all been lost, and this text by Diogenes Laertius thankfully preserves an important range of quotations and references. Despite the Cynic's extreme stance, this idealistic philosophy still has a valid part to play in the face of the increasing materialism of our modern society, challenging us to re-evaluate our priorities. The nineteenth-century translation of C. D. Yonge has been substantially revised, and is supported by a new Introduction, Glossary of Names, Notes and Index.
Posted in Religion

On the characteristics of animals

Author: Aelian

Publisher: Loeb Classical Library


Category: Zoology

Page: 359

View: 7825

Aelian (Claudius Aelianus), a Roman born ca. AD 170 at Praeneste, was a pupil of the rhetorician Pausanias of Caesarea, and taught and practised rhetoric. Expert in Attic Greek, he became a serious scholar and studied history under the patronage of the Roman empress Julia Domna. He apparently spent all his life in Italy where he died after AD 230. Aelian's On the Characteristics of Animals, in 17 books, is a collection of facts and beliefs concerning the habits of animals drawn from Greek authors and some personal observation. Fact, fancy, legend, stories and gossip all play their part in a narrative which is meant to entertain readers. If there is any ethical motive, it is that the virtues of untaught yet reasoning animals can be a lesson to thoughtless and selfish mankind. The Loeb Classical Library edition of the work is in three volumes. The Historical Miscellany (Loeb no. 486) is of similar nature. In 14 books, it consists mainly of historical and biographical anecdotes and retellings of legendary events. Some of Aelian's material is drawn from authors whose works are lost. Aelian's Letters-portraying the affairs and country ways of a series of fictitious writers-offer engaging vignettes of rural life. These are available in Loeb no. 383.
Posted in Zoology

Sayings and Anecdotes

with Other Popular Moralists

Author: Diogenes the Cynic

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191627402

Category: Philosophy

Page: 320

View: 6615

'many men compete in digging and kicking but no one at all in the pursuit of human excellence.' Diogenes the Cynic is best remembered today for having lived in a storage-jar, and walking the streets with a lamp in daylight, looking for an honest man. Such stories formed part of a rich tradition of sayings and anecdotes; his biting wit and eccentric behaviour were legendary, and it was by means of these oft-repeated and embellished aphorisms that his moral teachings were transmitted. He scorned the conventions of civilized life, and his ascetic lifestyle and caustic opinions gave expression to the Cynic philosophy that in turn influenced Stoicism. This unique edition also covers Diogenes' immediate successors, such as Crates, his wife Hipparchia, and the witty moral preacher Bion. The contrasting teachings of the Cyrenaic school, founded by Aristippos, a pleasure-loving friend of Socrates, complete the volume, together with a selection of apocryphal letters. An ideal compendium of Socratic moral philosophy, this entertaining volume opens a window on to some surprisingly modern attitudes. ABOUT THE SERIES: For over 100 years Oxford World's Classics has made available the widest range of literature from around the globe. Each affordable volume reflects Oxford's commitment to scholarship, providing the most accurate text plus a wealth of other valuable features, including expert introductions by leading authorities, helpful notes to clarify the text, up-to-date bibliographies for further study, and much more.
Posted in Philosophy

Proceedings of the Boston Area Colloquium in Ancient Philosophy, Volume XXIII, 2007

Author: John J. Cleary,Gary M. Gurtler

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004166866

Category: Philosophy

Page: 231

View: 415

With one notable exception, this volume contains papers and commentaries presented to the Boston Area Colloquium in Ancient Philosophy during the academic year 2006-7. That exception is the colloquium in which Alasdair MacIntyre offers a fresh reading of Plato's Republic. Indeed, most of the papers included in this volume discuss a wide range of topics related to Plato, for instance, the dangers of misology in the Phaedo, the Socratic use of rhetoric in the Gorgias, Plato's anti-hedonism in the Philebus, the link between mythical and logical thinking in the Symposium, and Heidegger's interpretation of Plato's concept of truth. But, apart from this obsession with Plato, there are two colloquia devoted to the Epicurean notion of preconception and to the Stoic conception of the good, respectively.
Posted in Philosophy

The Attic Nights

Vol. 1

Author: Aulus Gellius,John Carew Rolfe

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780674992153

Category: Literary Collections

Page: 3

View: 6753

An engaging writer of the Antonine period, Aulus Gellius was a man of wide interests and great admiration for Greek culture. His Attic Nights is a collection of absorbing short chapters about notable events, words and questions of literary style, lives of historical figures, points of law, and philosophical issues that served as instructive light reading for the cultivated Roman. The work's title derives simply from the fact that Gellius began to write these pieces during stays in Athens. Variety adds to the charm of the miscellany; the author makes use of reminiscence as a literary form, dramatizations, character sketches, dialogues, extensive quotations from other writers (many from works now lost). He was long considered a model of the perennial humanist.
Posted in Literary Collections

Early Medieval Philosophy 480-1150

An Introduction

Author: John Marenbon

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134989636

Category: Philosophy

Page: 216

View: 7358

Compact but singularly well thought out material of a theological, logical, poetic as well as philosophical nature.
Posted in Philosophy

Moral Essays

Author: Lucius Annaeus Seneca

Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform

ISBN: 9781974388318


Page: 722

View: 1788

Sprung from the rich and talented Spanish family of the Annaei, Lucius Annaeus Seneca, second son of Seneca the rhetorician, became the most important public and literary figure at Rome in the age of Nero. His mother was Helvia, a lady of native intelligence, some culture, and many \irtues. An elder brother, Novatus, known after his adoption as Galho, was governor of Achaia under Claudius, and sur\ives in Christian annals (Acts xviii. 12-17) with undeserved odium as the Roman official before whom the apostle Paul was arraigned. Mela, the younger brother, of more retiring disposition, but rated by his father as the ablest of the three, lives only as the father of a famous son-the epic poet Lucan, whose precocious and flamboyant powers marked him out as the prodigy of his distinguished, but illfated, family, of which no chief member survived the catastrophe of the Pisonian conspiracy. Lucan, his father, and both his uncles were all objects of Nero's vengeance...
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The Chreia and Ancient Rhetoric

Commentaries on Aphthonius's Progymnasmata

Author: Ronald F. Hock

Publisher: SBL Press

ISBN: 9781589836440

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 345

View: 4290

This book provides the first translations in English and a preliminary analysis of the commentaries on the chreia chapter in Aphthonius’s standard Progymnasmata, a classroom guide on composition. The chreia, or anecdote, was a popular form that preserved the wisdom of philosophers, kings, generals, and sophists. Aphthonius used the chreia to provide instructions on how to construct an argument and to confirm the validity of the chreia by means of an eight-paragraph essay. His treatment of this classroom exercise, however, was so brief that commentators needed to clarify, explain, and supplement what he had written as well as to situate the chreia as preparation for the study of rhetoric—the kinds of public speeches and the parts of a speech. By means of these Byzantine commentaries, we can thus see more clearly how this important form and its confirmation were taught in classrooms for over a thousand years.
Posted in Literary Criticism

The Histories

Author: Polybius

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191624683

Category: History

Page: 560

View: 7788

'no one else in our times has attempted to write a universal history' Polybius' ambitious goal was to describe how Rome conquered the Mediterranean world in less than fifty-three years. This great study of imperialism takes the reader back to Rome's first encounter with Carthage in 264 and forward to her destruction of that renowned city in 146. Polybius, himself a leading Greek politician of the time, emphasizes the importance of practical experience for the writing of political history as well as the critical assessment of all the evidence. He attributes Rome's success to the greatness of its constitution and the character of its people, but also allows Fortune a role in designing the shape of world events. This new translation by Robin Waterfield, the first for over thirty years, includes the first five books in their entirety, and all of the fragmentary Books 6 and 12, containing Polybius' account of the Roman constitution and his outspoken views on how (and how not) to write history. Brian McGing's accompanying introduction and notes illuminate this remarkable political history. ABOUT THE SERIES: For over 100 years Oxford World's Classics has made available the widest range of literature from around the globe. Each affordable volume reflects Oxford's commitment to scholarship, providing the most accurate text plus a wealth of other valuable features, including expert introductions by leading authorities, helpful notes to clarify the text, up-to-date bibliographies for further study, and much more.
Posted in History

A Companion to the Philosophy of Time

Author: Adrian Bardon,Heather Dyke

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118522052

Category: Philosophy

Page: 600

View: 7825

A Companion to the Philosophy of Time presents the broadest treatment of this subject yet; 32 specially commissioned articles - written by an international line-up of experts – provide an unparalleled reference work for students and specialists alike in this exciting field. The most comprehensive reference work on the philosophy of time currently available The first collection to tackle the historical development of the philosophy of time in addition to covering contemporary work Provides a tripartite approach in its organization, covering history of the philosophy of time, time as a feature of the physical world, and time as a feature of experience Includes contributions from both distinguished, well-established scholars and rising stars in the field
Posted in Philosophy

Plato's Atlantis Story

Text, Translation and Commentary

Author: Christopher Gill

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 1786940167

Category: Atlantis

Page: 216

View: 4096

This book aims to bring together all the evidence relevant for understanding Plato's Atlantis Story, providing the Greek text of the relevant Platonic texts (the start of Plato's Timaeus and the incomplete Critias), together with a commentary on language and content, and a full vocabulary of Greek words. This essential work also offers a new translation of these texts and a full introduction. The book has two special objectives. The introduction offers a full-scale interpretative reading of the Atlantis story, focused on the philosophical meaning of the story and the significance of Plato's presentation, and responding to recent scholarly discussion of these questions. In conjunction with the new translation, this introduction provides a point of entry to a fascinating story for a wide range of readers. The introduction also discusses the question whether the story had a factual basis, and assesses possible links with Minoan Crete. Secondly, the Greek text (the Oxford Classical text) and commentary are juxtaposed and presented in 'bite-size' chunks making it easy to use and helpful especially for students using the book to improve their Greek. The notes provide full grammatical and linguistic help as well as pointers on the philosophical content and presentation, supported by the translation and complete vocabulary of Greek terms. The book is a second edition of one published in 1980. This edition has a new translation, a much fuller introduction, revised and updated notes and a new commentary format.
Posted in Atlantis

Du Bois's Telegram

Literary Resistance and State Containment

Author: Juliana Spahr

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 0674986962

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 256

View: 4408

Taking her cue from W. E. B. Du Bois, Juliana Spahr explores how state interests have shaped U.S. literature. What is the relationship between literature and politics? Can writing be revolutionary? Can art be autonomous or is escape from nations and nationalisms impossible? As her sobering study affirms, aesthetic resistance is easily domesticated.
Posted in Literary Criticism

Euthyphro. Apology. Crito. Phaedo

Author: Plato,William Preddy

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780674996878


Page: 574

View: 5748

Works in this volume recount the circumstances of Socrates' trial and execution in 399 BC. Euthyphro attempts to define holiness; Apology is Socrates' defense speech; in Crito he discusses justice and defends his refusal to be rescued from prison; Phaedo offers arguments for the immortality of the soul.
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The Culture of Education

Author: Jerome Seymour Bruner

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674179530

Category: Education

Page: 224

View: 1870

Bruner looks past the issue of achieving individual competence to the question of how education equips individuals to participate in the culture on which life and livelihood depend. Educators, psychologists and students of mind and culture should find in this volume a criticism that challenges conventional practices - as well as a vision that charts a direction for the future.
Posted in Education

The First Philosophers

The Presocratics and Sophists

Author: Robin Waterfield

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019953909X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 400

View: 9536

These first philosophers paved the way for the work of Plato and Aristotle - and hence for the whole of Western thought. This is a unique and invaluable collection of the works of the Presocratics and the Sophists. Waterfield brings together the works of these early thinkers with brilliant new translation and exceptional commentary. This is the ideal anthology for the student of this increasingly appreciated field of classical philosophy.
Posted in Philosophy

The Great Conversation

A Historical Introduction to Philosophy

Author: Norman Melchert,David R. Morrow

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780190670610

Category: Philosophy

Page: 800

View: 1259

Tracing the exchange of ideas among history's key philosophers, The Great Conversation: A Historical Introduction to Philosophy, Eighth Edition, provides a generous selection of excerpts from major philosophical works and makes them more easily understandable to students with lucid and engaging explanations. Extensive cross-referencing shows students how philosophers respond appreciatively or critically to the thoughts of other philosophers. The Great Conversation, Eighth Edition, is also available in two separate volumes to suit your course needs: The Great Conversation: Volume I: Pre-Socratics through Descartes, Eighth Edition The Great Conversation: Volume II: Descartes through Derrida and Quine, Eighth Edition
Posted in Philosophy

Epitome of Stoic Ethics

Author: Didymos (ho Areios.)

Publisher: Scholars Press


Category: Philosophy

Page: 160

View: 5473

Presents a work by a prominent Alexandrian philosopher, giving an individualistic example of Stoic thought as it existed in the late first century BC. Endnotes are aimed at offering continuous assistance to the reader by clarifying the translation, by explaining technical terms, and by highlighting important ethical statements as they occur. Text used for this translation and commentary is that of Wachsmuth. Includes a Greek-English glossary.
Posted in Philosophy