Linear Accelerators for Radiation Therapy, Second Edition

Author: David Greene,P.C Williams

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780750304764

Category: Science

Page: 286

View: 6628

Linear Accelerators for Radiation Therapy, Second Edition focuses on the fundamentals of accelerator systems, explaining the underlying physics and the different features of these systems. This edition includes expanded sections on the treatment head, on x-ray production via multileaf and dynamic collimation for the production of wedged and other intensity modulated beams, on electron scattering systems, and on dosimetry. With high-quality illustrations and practical examples throughout, it contains a detailed description of electron beam optics and linear accelerator components. The final chapter explains how to use other equipment, such as scanners and simulators, in conjunction with linear accelerators for optimum treatment of cancers.
Posted in Science

Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering

Author: B.H Brown,R.H Smallwood,D.C. Barber,P.V Lawford,D.R Hose

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351991817

Category: Medical

Page: 768

View: 4758

Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering provides broad coverage appropriate for senior undergraduates and graduates in medical physics and biomedical engineering. Divided into two parts, the first part presents the underlying physics, electronics, anatomy, and physiology and the second part addresses practical applications. The structured approach means that later chapters build and broaden the material introduced in the opening chapters; for example, students can read chapters covering the introductory science of an area and then study the practical application of the topic. Coverage includes biomechanics; ionizing and nonionizing radiation and measurements; image formation techniques, processing, and analysis; safety issues; biomedical devices; mathematical and statistical techniques; physiological signals and responses; and respiratory and cardiovascular function and measurement. Where necessary, the authors provide references to the mathematical background and keep detailed derivations to a minimum. They give comprehensive references to junior undergraduate texts in physics, electronics, and life sciences in the bibliographies at the end of each chapter.
Posted in Medical

Intensity-Modulated Radiation Therapy

Author: S. Webb

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420034111

Category: Science

Page: 454

View: 5370

Clinical conformal radiotherapy is the holy grail of radiation treatment and is now becoming a reality through the combined efforts of physical scientists and engineers, who have improved the physical basis of radiotherapy, and the interest and concern of imaginative radiotherapists and radiographers. Intensity-Modulated Radiation Therapy describes in detail the physics germane to the development of a particular form of clinical conformal radiotherapy called intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT). IMRT has become a topic of tremendous importance in recent years and is now being seriously investigated for its potential to improve the outcome of radiation therapy. The book collates the state-of-the-art literature together with the author's personal research experience and that of colleagues in the field to produce a text suitable for new research workers, Ph.D. students, and practicing radiation physicists that require a thorough introduction to IMRT. Fully illustrated, indexed, and referenced, the book has been prepared in a form suitable for supporting a teaching course.
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Minimally Invasive Medical Technology

Author: John G. Webster

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420033913

Category: Science

Page: 334

View: 7450

Minimally invasive medicine has the goal of providing health care with minimal trauma. When minimally invasive surgery is utilized, it reduces the length of hospital stays, lowers costs, lowers pain, and reduces blood loss. Other minimally invasive techniques minimize radiation exposure, tissue damage, and drug side effects. Collecting contributions from workers in various fields within the sphere of minimally invasive medical technology, this book provides essential information for those involved with researching, designing, and using minimally invasive devices and systems. It emphasizes the technology required to accomplish minimally invasive medicine. The book will be of interest to biomedical engineers, medical physicists, and health care providers who want to know the technical workings of their devices and instruments.
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World Congress on Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering September 7 - 12, 2009 Munich, Germany

Vol. 25/III Radiation Protection and Dosimetry, Biological Effects of Radiation

Author: Olaf Dössel,Wolfgang C. Schlegel

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642039022

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 694

View: 5548

Present Your Research to the World! The World Congress 2009 on Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering – the triennial scientific meeting of the IUPESM - is the world’s leading forum for presenting the results of current scientific work in health-related physics and technologies to an international audience. With more than 2,800 presentations it will be the biggest conference in the fields of Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering in 2009! Medical physics, biomedical engineering and bioengineering have been driving forces of innovation and progress in medicine and healthcare over the past two decades. As new key technologies arise with significant potential to open new options in diagnostics and therapeutics, it is a multidisciplinary task to evaluate their benefit for medicine and healthcare with respect to the quality of performance and therapeutic output. Covering key aspects such as information and communication technologies, micro- and nanosystems, optics and biotechnology, the congress will serve as an inter- and multidisciplinary platform that brings together people from basic research, R&D, industry and medical application to discuss these issues. As a major event for science, medicine and technology the congress provides a comprehensive overview and in–depth, first-hand information on new developments, advanced technologies and current and future applications. With this Final Program we would like to give you an overview of the dimension of the congress and invite you to join us in Munich! Olaf Dössel Congress President Wolfgang C.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

The Physics of Three Dimensional Radiation Therapy

Conformal Radiotherapy, Radiosurgery and Treatment Planning

Author: S. Webb

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420050363

Category: Science

Page: 388

View: 4438

The Physics of Three Dimensional Radiation Therapy presents a broad study of the use of three-dimensional techniques in radiation therapy. These techniques are used to specify the target volume precisely and deliver radiation with precision to minimize damage to surrounding healthy tissue. The book discusses multimodality computed tomography, complex treatment planning software, advanced collimation techniques, proton radiotherapy, megavoltage imaging, and stereotactic radiosurgery. A review of the literature, numerous questions, and many illustrations make this book suitable for teaching a course. The themes covered in this book are developed and expanded in Webb's The Physics of Conformal Radiotherapy and the two may be used together or in successive semesters for teaching purposes.
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Radiotherapy and Brachytherapy

Author: Yves Lemoigne,Alessandra Caner

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9048130956

Category: Medical

Page: 250

View: 7440

This book reports the majority of lectures given during the NATO Advanced Study Institute ASI-982996, which was held at the European Scientific Institute of Archamps (ESI, Archamps – France) from November 15 to November 27, 2007. The ASI course was structured in two parts: the first was dedicated to what is often called “teletherapy”, i. e. radiotherapy with external beams, while the second focused on internal radiotherapy, also called “brachytherapy” or “curietherapy” in honour of Madame Curie who initiated the technique about a century ago. This ASI took place after the European School of Medical Physics, which devoted a 3 week period to medical imaging, a subject complementary to the topics of this book. Courses devoted to nuclear medicine and digital imaging techniques are collected in two volumes of the NATO Science Series entitled “Physics for Medical Imaging Applications” (ISBN 978-1-4020-5650-5) and “Molecular imaging: computer reconstruction and practice” (ISBN 978-1-4020- 8751-6). Every year in autumn ESI organises the European School of Medical Physics, which covers a large spectrum of topics ranging from Medical Imaging to Radiotherapy, over a period of 5 weeks. Thanks to the Cooperative Science and Technology sub-programme of the NATO Science Division, weeks four and five were replaced this year by the ASI course dedicated to “Physics of Modern Radiotherapy & Brachytherapy”. This allowed the participation of experts and students from 20 different countries, with diverse cultural background and p- fessional experience.
Posted in Medical

Proton Therapy Physics

Author: Harald Paganetti

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439836450

Category: Medical

Page: 704

View: 4921

Proton Therapy Physics goes beyond current books on proton therapy to provide an in-depth overview of the physics aspects of this radiation therapy modality, eliminating the need to dig through information scattered in the medical physics literature. After tracing the history of proton therapy, the book summarizes the atomic and nuclear physics background necessary for understanding proton interactions with tissue. It describes the physics of proton accelerators, the parameters of clinical proton beams, and the mechanisms to generate a conformal dose distribution in a patient. The text then covers detector systems and measuring techniques for reference dosimetry, outlines basic quality assurance and commissioning guidelines, and gives examples of Monte Carlo simulations in proton therapy. The book moves on to discussions of treatment planning for single- and multiple-field uniform doses, dose calculation concepts and algorithms, and precision and uncertainties for nonmoving and moving targets. It also examines computerized treatment plan optimization, methods for in vivo dose or beam range verification, the safety of patients and operating personnel, and the biological implications of using protons from a physics perspective. The final chapter illustrates the use of risk models for common tissue complications in treatment optimization. Along with exploring quality assurance issues and biological considerations, this practical guide collects the latest clinical studies on the use of protons in treatment planning and radiation monitoring. Suitable for both newcomers in medical physics and more seasoned specialists in radiation oncology, the book helps readers understand the uncertainties and limitations of precisely shaped dose distribution.
Posted in Medical

Contemporary IMRT

Developing Physics and Clinical Implementation

Author: S. Webb

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420034530

Category: Science

Page: 492

View: 6474

The most important radiotherapy modality used today, intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT), is the most technologically advanced radiotherapy cancer treatment available, rapidly replacing conformal and three-dimensional techniques. Because of these changes, oncologists and radiotherapists need up-to-date information gathered by physicists and engineers. Focusing on new developments and the preliminary clinical implementation, Contemporary IMRT: Developing Physics and Clinical Implementation discusses the relationship between these advances and applications. Capturing contemporary technological advances, the book reviews modern applications of IMRT and shows how IMRT is used now and how it will be used in the future. The book begins with a historical background of IMRT as well as a discussion of the current state of IMRT. It also covers technical solutions that have been commercialized, such as the sliding window technique, step-and-shoot, tomotherapy, and the Cyberknife. The final chapter explores imaging developments and new planning methods, including gradient-descent and split modulation. Covering recent advancements in IMRT and showing how these techniques and devices have been implemented, Contemporary IMRT: Developing Physics and Clinical Implementation provides state-of-the-art findings for oncologists, radiotherapists, radiographers, physicists, and engineers.
Posted in Science

World Congress on Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering May 26-31, 2012, Beijing, China

Author: Mian Long

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642293050

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 2345

View: 2150

The congress’s unique structure represents the two dimensions of technology and medicine: 13 themes on science and medical technologies intersect with five challenging main topics of medicine to create a maximum of synergy and integration of aspects on research, development and application. Each of the congress themes was chaired by two leading experts. The themes address specific topics of medicine and technology that provide multiple and excellent opportunities for exchanges.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Digest of the World Congress on Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering

XVI International Conference on Medical and Biological Engineering and IX International Conference on Medical Physics, July 7-12, 1991, Kyoto, Japan

Author: International Union for Physical and Engineering Science in Medicine

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Biomedical engineering

Page: 1346

View: 3254

Posted in Biomedical engineering

Radiology, Lasers, Nanoparticles and Prosthetics

Volume 2: Radiology, Lasers, Nanoparticles, and Prosthetics

Author: Hartmut Zabel

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110553112

Category: Science

Page: 343

View: 851

Order the Set Medical Physics and save almost 25€. Medical Physics covers the applied branch of physics concerned with the application of concepts and methods of physics to diagnostics and therapeutics of human diseases. This second volume in a series of two complements the imaging modalities presented in the first volume by those methods, which use ionizing radiation. The first chapters in part A on Radiography provide a solid background on radiation sources, interaction of radiation with matter, and dosimetry for the safe handling of radiation before introducing x-ray radiography, scintigraphy, SPECT and PET. The second part B on Radiotherapy starts from basic information on the life cycle of cells, radiation response of healthy and tumorous cells. In subsequent chapters the main methods of radiation treatment are presented, in particular x-ray radiotherapy, proton and neutron radiation therapy, and brachytherapy. The last part C, Diagnostics and Therapeutics beyond Radiology, covers laser applications, multifunctional nanoparticles and prosthetics. The present volume introduces the physical background on ionizing radiation, the biological effectiveness of radiation, as well as radiation based methods for diagnostics and therapeutics. covers the second part of the entire field of medical physics, including imaging methods with the use of ionizing radiation; radiation therapy with photons, protons, and neutrons; laser methods, nanomedicine and prosthetics. provides an introduction for Bachelor students to the main concepts of Medical Physics during their fi rst semesters guiding them to further specialized and advanced literature. contains many questions & answers related to the content of each chapter. is also available as a set together with Volume 1. Contents Part A: Radiography X-ray generation Nuclei and isotopes Interaction of radiation with matter Radiation detection and protection X-ray radiography Scintigraphy Positron emission tomography Part B: Radiotherapy Cell cycle and cancer X-ray radiotherapy Charged particle radiotherapy Neutron radiotherapy Brachytherapy Part C: Diagnostics and therapeutics beyond radiology Laser applications in medicine Nanoparticles for nanomedical applications Prosthetics
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Nuclear Physics Methods and Accelerators in Biology and Medicine

Fifth International Summer School on Nuclear Physics Methods and Accelerators in Biology and Medicine

Author: Anna Dubnickova,Carlos Granja

Publisher: Amer Inst of Physics

ISBN: N.A

Category: Medical

Page: 267

View: 1571

Covers the developments as well as the status of methods and technologies from nuclear physics and particle accelerators applied in biology and medicine, such as particle detector, radiation therapy, nuclear medicine, and radiation diagnostics.
Posted in Medical

Nuclear Physics Methods and Accelerators in Biology and Medicine

Fourth International Summer School on Nuclear Physics Methods and Accelerators in Biology and Medicine

Author: Carlos Granja,Claude Leroy,Ivan Stekl

Publisher: American Inst. of Physics

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 308

View: 5372

These proceedings are a collection of manuscripts of the lectures given at the Fourth International Summer School on Nuclear Physics Methods and Accelerators in Biology and Medicine. They provide a broad up-to-date review of the current knowledge and methods of Nuclear Physics and Particle Accelerators and their applications in medicine and biology. The material here will be of huge interest to university students of engineering, physics, medicine, and biology.
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Physik der Teilchenbeschleuniger und Synchrotronstrahlungsquellen

Eine Einführung

Author: Klaus Wille

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3663118509

Category: Science

Page: 318

View: 9210

Bei der Erforschung der Struktur der Materie spielen seit den zwanziger Jahren dieses Jahrhunderts Teilchenbeschleuniger eine wichtige Rolle. Sie liefern die für die Experimente mit Atomkernen oder Elementarteilchen erforderlichen hoch energetischen Strahlen mit 'reproduzierbaren, wohldefinierten Eigenschaften. Im Laufe der Zeit sind die für diesen Zweck entwickelten Anlagen vor allem wegen der erforderlichen sehr hohen Teilchenenergien immer größer geworden und ha ben inzwischen Dimensionen von über 10 km erreicht, die nur noch im Rahmen von Großforschungsanlagen gebaut und betrieben werden können. Daneben hat sich in jüngerer Zeit eine zweite wichtige Anwendung von Beschleunigern eta bliert, nähmlich die Nutzung der sogenannten "Synchrotronstrahlung". Diese wurde erstmals in Elektronen-Synchrotrons beobachtet, nach denen sie auch be nannt wurde. Wegen ihrer hervorragenden Eigenschaften hat sie sich neben den Neutronenstrahlen zum wichtigsten Werkzeug zur Untersuchung von Festkörpern entwickelt. Daher werden inzwischen weltweit viele meist kleinere Elektronen beschleuniger gebaut, die ausschließlich für diesen Zweck optimiert sind. Die Beschleunigerphysik hat sich damit ein recht breites Anwendungsfeld geschaffen. Das vorliegende Buch hat sich zum Ziel gesetzt, die wichtigsten physikali schen und technischen Grundlagen der Beschleuniger systematisch zusammen zutragen und dabei die Anforderungen der Teilchen- und Hochenergiephysik wie auch die Erzeugung der Synchrotronstrahlung zu behandeln. Wegen der großen Vielfalt der Beschleunigertypen und ihrer diversen Anwendungen war es aller dings nicht möglich, alle heute im Beschleunigerbereich wichtigen Teilaspekte hier zu behandeln. Daher wurde bewußt eine Auswahl getroffen, bei der ne ben den für alle Beschleuniger wichtigen Grundlagen besonders die Aspekte der Elektronenspeicherringe in den Vordergrund treten.
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Medical Applications of Nuclear Physics

Author: K. Bethge,G. Kraft,P. Kreisler,G. Walter

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540208051

Category: Medical

Page: 208

View: 8594

Designed to bridge the gap between the many applications in medicine and the underlying basic nuclear physics which needs to be understood by those applying the methods. In addition, those active in nuclear science will gain insight into the manifold applications of their subject. The main topics of the book are: physical foundations, instrumentation, diagnostics (imaging), therapies and radiation safety.
Posted in Medical

Medizinphysik in Übungen und Beispielen

Author: Wieland Alexander Worthoff,Hans Georg Krojanski,Dieter Suter

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110266199

Category: Science

Page: 233

View: 5084

A comprehensive collection of exercises in medical physics with numerous illustrations– ideally suited for teaching and learning. Introductory sections summarize contents and learning targets of each chapter.
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Teilchen und Kerne

Eine Einführung in die physikalischen Konzepte

Author: Bogdan Povh,Klaus Rith,Christoph Scholz,Frank Zetsche

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642974759

Category: Science

Page: 316

View: 2532

Die Grundidee dieses einführenden Lehrbuchs besteht darin, eine einheitliche Darstellung von Kern- und Teilchenphysik aus experimenteller Sicht zu geben. Die Reduktion der komplex aufgebauten Materie der Atomkerne und Nukleonen auf wenige Grundbausteine und Wechselwirkungen ist seine erste Botschaft. Die Botschaft des zweiten Teils, der den Aufbau des Quarks über die Nukleonen zu den Kernen beschreibt, ist, daß Komplexität, die aus der Vielkörper-Wechselwirkung entsteht, immer mehr die Gesetzmäßigkeiten der zusammengesetzten Systeme bestimmt. Entstanden aus Vorlesungen an der Heidelberger Universität eignet sich dieses straff und klar abgefaßte, durch Übungsaufgaben ergänzte Lehrbuch gut als Begleittext zu einführenden Kursusvorlesungen an Hochschulen.
Posted in Science