Liberals and Cannibals

The Implications of Diversity

Author: Steven Lukes

Publisher: Verso

ISBN: 9781859845950

Category: Philosophy

Page: 180

View: 8852

Steven Lukes confronts liberal thought with its own limitations.
Posted in Philosophy

Religion and the Political Imagination

Author: Ira Katznelson,Gareth Stedman Jones

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139493175

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 6957

The theory of secularisation became a virtually unchallenged truth of twentieth-century social science. First sketched out by Enlightenment philosophers, then transformed into an irreversible global process by nineteenth-century thinkers, the theory was given substance by the precipitate drop in religious practice across Western Europe in the 1960s. However, the re-emergence of acute conflicts at the interface between religion and politics has confounded such assumptions. It is clear that these ideas must be rethought. Yet, as this distinguished, international team of scholars reveal, not everything contained in the idea of secularisation was false. Analyses of developments since 1500 reveal a wide spectrum of historical processes: partial secularisation in some spheres has been accompanied by sacralisation in others. Utilising new approaches derived from history, philosophy, politics and anthropology, the essays collected in Religion and the Political Imagination offer new ways of thinking about the urgency of religious issues in the contemporary world.
Posted in Political Science

The Curious Enlightenment of Professor Caritat

A Comedy of Ideas

Author: Steven Lukes

Publisher: Verso

ISBN: 9781859840733

Category: Drama

Page: 261

View: 1895

A professor embarks on a search for the best of possible worlds. He visits Militaria, Communitaria, Utilitaria and Libertaria and concludes all of them are false Utopias. A spoof on the political theories of our time. A first novel.
Posted in Drama

Negotiating Diversity

Culture, Deliberation, Trust

Author: Matthew Festenstein

Publisher: Polity

ISBN: 0745624065

Category: Philosophy

Page: 197

View: 9853

Debates about cultural diversity have become an important, controversial and inescapable features of the politics of modern democracies. Negotiating Diversity offers a lucid and accessible analysis of the political theory of multiculturalism. It is an ideal text for students looking for an overview of the state of play in this area. The book explores the ways the concept of culture has been used in political theory, and critically evaluates contemporary liberal responses to multiculturalism, including the work of key political philosophers such as Will Kymlicka, Brian Barry and Chandran Kukathas, drawing on a range of real-world examples to illustrate its arguments. It provides critique of the tendency to reify cultural identity in political thinking, particularly through an examination of contemporary liberalism. In its place, the author develops a deliberative alternative, which views the politics of cultural diversity as a fallible process of negotiation, argument and compromise. He confronts objections that this alternative itself offers an unrealistic or oppressive vision of politics, and explores the fragility of trust in the politics of multicultural societies.
Posted in Philosophy

Political Neutrality

A Re-evaluation

Author: Roberto Merrill,Daniel Weinstock

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137319208

Category: Philosophy

Page: 224

View: 2112

The topic of neutrality on the good is linked rather closely to the ideal of political liberalism as formulated by John Rawls. Here internationally renowned authors, in several cases among the most prominent names to be found in contemporary political theory, present a collection of ten essays on the idea of liberal neutrality.
Posted in Philosophy

Moral Relativism

Author: Steven Lukes

Publisher: Profile Books

ISBN: 1847653200

Category: Philosophy

Page: 237

View: 7793

Do we as humans have no shared standards by which we can understand each other? Do we truly have divergent views about what constitutes good and evil, harm and welfare, dignity and humiliation, or is there some underlying commonality that wins out? These questions show up everywhere, from the debate over female circumcision to the UN Declaration of Human Rights. They become ever more pressing in an age of mass immigration, religious extremism and the rise of identity politics. So by what right do we judge particular practices as barbaric? Who are the real barbarians? This provocative book takes an enlightening look at what we believe, why we believe it and whether there really is an irreparable moral discord between 'us' and 'them'.
Posted in Philosophy

Living with Animals

Ojibwe Spirit Powers

Author: Michael Pomedli

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442667052

Category: Social Science

Page: 384

View: 860

Within nineteenth-century Ojibwe/Chippewa medicine societies, and in communities at large, animals are realities and symbols that demonstrate cultural principles of North American Ojibwe nations. Living with Animals presents over 100 images from oral and written sources – including birch bark scrolls, rock art, stories, games, and dreams – in which animals appear as kindred beings, spirit powers, healers, and protectors. Michael Pomedli shows that the principles at play in these sources are not merely evidence of cultural values, but also unique standards brought to treaty signings by Ojibwe leaders. In addition, these principles are norms against which North American treaty interpretations should be reframed. The author provides an important foundation for ongoing treaty negotiations, and for what contemporary Ojibwe cultural figures corroborate as ways of leading a good, integrated life.
Posted in Social Science

Theories of Multiculturalism

An Introduction

Author: George Crowder

Publisher: Polity

ISBN: 0745636268

Category: Philosophy

Page: 239

View: 8083

Multiculturalism is one of the most controversial ideas in contemporary politics. In this new book George Crowder examines some of the leading responses to multiculturalism, both supportive and critical, found in the work of recent political theorists. The book provides a clear and accessible introduction to a diverse array of thinkers who have engaged with multiculturalism. These include Will Kymlicka, whose account of cultural rights is seminal, liberal critics of multiculturalism such as Brian Barry and Susan Okin, and multiculturalist critics of liberalism including Charles Taylor, Iris Marion Young, James Tully, and Bhikhu Parekh. In addition the discussion covers a wide range of other perspectives on multiculturalism - libertarian, feminist, democratic, nationalist, cosmopolitan - and rival accounts of Islamic and Confucian political culture. While offering a balanced assessment of these theories, Crowder also argues the case for a distinctive liberal-pluralist approach to multiculturalism, combining a liberal framework that emphasises the importance of personal autonomy with the value pluralism of thinkers such as Isaiah Berlin. This clear and comprehensive account will be an indispensable textbook for students in politics, sociology and political and social theory.
Posted in Philosophy

Individualism

Author: Steven Lukes

Publisher: ECPR Press

ISBN: 0954796667

Category: Social Science

Page: 148

View: 7061

Individualism embraces a wide diversity of meanings and is widely used by those who criticise and by those who praise Western societies and their culture, by historians and literary scholars in search of the emergence of 'the individual', by anthropologists claiming that there are different, culturally shaped conceptions of the individual or 'person', by philosophers debating what form social science explanations should take and by political theorists defending liberal principles. In this classic text, Steven Lukes discusses what 'individualism' has meant in various national traditions and across different provinces of thought, analysing it into its component unit-ideas and doctrines. He further argues that it now plays a malign ideological role, for it has come to evoke a socially-constructed body of ideas whose illusory unity is deployed to suggest that redistributive policies are neither feasible nor desirable and to deny that there are institutional alternatives to the market.
Posted in Social Science

The Responsive Community

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Common good

Page: N.A

View: 1163

Posted in Common good

The Politics of Multiple Belonging

Ethnicity and Nationalism in Europe and East Asia

Author: Flemming Christiansen,Ulf Hedetoft

Publisher: Ashgate Pub Limited

ISBN: 9780754641285

Category: Social Science

Page: 282

View: 5075

This international collection examines how ethnic identity and belonging are created and used politically in Europe and East Asia. The contributors respond to debates about whether and how regional, supranational, transnational, and multicultural identities may compromise nation states, and how nation states deal with such centrifugal forces. The issues are discussed from various perspectives: diasporic communities; the State and its role in inventing and influencing national belonging; and societies and communities with a strongly engineered multicultural structure. Two central theoretical chapters examine the current debates on 'belonging' and 'multiculturalism', bringing together this complex field and developing new perspectives. In particular, the volume improves our understanding of how people 'belong' in different contexts; by examining how they give shape to 'belonging' it is possible to understand how these diverse trends cohere within nation states and across continents.
Posted in Social Science

The Antioch Review

Author: John Donald Kingsley

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Democracy

Page: N.A

View: 8902

Posted in Democracy

MultiCultural Review

Dedicated to a Better Understanding of Ethnic, Racial, and Religious Diversity

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Cultural pluralism

Page: N.A

View: 2270

Posted in Cultural pluralism

Ethics

Author: John K. Roth

Publisher: Salem Pr Inc

ISBN: N.A

Category: Philosophy

Page: 590

View: 1491

Applied ethics is the main focus of this revised edition, with a particular emphasis on current ethics issues. Includes religious issues, business and labor ethics, political and economic issues, personal and social ethics issues, and bioethics.
Posted in Philosophy

Religious Diversity

Philosophical and Political Dimensions

Author: Roger Trigg

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107023602

Category: Philosophy

Page: 208

View: 6355

Should we merely celebrate diversity in the sphere of religion? What of the social cohesion of a country? There is a constant tug between belief in religious truth and the need for respect for other religions. Religious Diversity: Philosophical and Political Dimensions examines how far a firm faith can allow for toleration of difference and respect the need for religious freedom. It elucidates the philosophical credentials of different approaches to truth in religion, ranging from a dogmatic fundamentalism to a pluralism that shades into relativism. Must we resort to a secularism that treats all religion as a personal and private matter, with nothing to contribute to discussions about the common good? How should law approach the issue of religious freedom? Introducing the relevance of central discussions in modern philosophy of religion, the book goes on to examine the political implications of increasing religious diversity in a democracy.
Posted in Philosophy

Textos de antropología contemporánea

Author: Francisco CRUCES VILLALOBOS,Beatriz PÉREZ GALÁN

Publisher: Editorial UNED

ISBN: 8436262301

Category: Social Science

Page: 413

View: 6482

Esta compilación busca proporcionar al estudiante elementos de crítica reflexiva en relación con el canon heredado en antropología, mostrando algunas áreas que se han desarrollado en las últimas décadas en estrecha relación con otras disciplinas. Abordan asuntos como el relativismo cultural, la importancia de la diferencia y su representación en el lenguaje, las gramáticas identitarias, los sistemas etnocientíficos de clasificación, los relatos de movilidad global, el papel de la música en la vida cotidiana, las transformaciones urbanas y ciudadanas, el análisis del poder y la autoridad, las diferencias e inequidades de género, las relaciones entre cultura y desarrollo, la aplicación del conocimiento etnográfico a los sistemas de salud.
Posted in Social Science

Unfinished Dialogue

Author: Isaiah Berlin,Beata Polanowska-Sygulska

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Philosophy

Page: 317

View: 5752

"This volume sheds considerable light on Berlin's thinking and clarifies some of the central themes of his philosophy. After an introductory memoir, the book is divided into four sections. The first is a selection from the correspondence conducted between Berlin and Polanowska-Sygulska from 1983 to 1997. These letters are published here in their entirety for the first time. The second section comprises two interviews Berlin gave in 1991 for Polish periodicals. Next come edited transcripts of a number of conversations recorded between 1986 and 1995. In one of these, Berlin tellingly recalls his childhood and youth. In other exchanges, he is pressed to be more concise about some of his most contested views, particularly his concepts of liberty and value pluralism, and to respond to criticism of these ideas by a wide range of authors.
Posted in Philosophy

The Righteous Mind

Why Good People are Divided by Politics and Religion

Author: Jonathan Haidt

Publisher: Vintage

ISBN: 0307455777

Category: Philosophy

Page: 500

View: 6818

Presents a groundbreaking investigation into the origins of morality at the core of religion and politics, offering scholarly insight into the motivations behind cultural clashes that are polarizing America.
Posted in Philosophy

Diasporic Ruptures

Globality, Migrancy, and Expressions of Identity;

Author: A. Asgharzadeh,E. Lawson,K. Oka

Publisher: Sense Pub

ISBN: 9789087900502

Category: Education

Page: 232

View: 2137

Diasporic Ruptures: Globality, Migrancy, and Expressions of Identity lies at the intersections of various processes emerging from globalization: border-crossings, transnationalism, identity formations. Carefully selected and placed in two volumes, the essays here represent works of both well-seasoned scholars as well as emerging writers, academics and intellectuals. The volumes critically examine various manifestations of the trend now commonly known as globalization--manifestations that many diasporic communities, immigrants, and people from all walks of life experience. They also illuminate recent political, social, economic and technological developments that are taking place in a rapidly changing world. Volume One offers sophisticated insights into the nature of contemporary formations of diasporic life, internationalism, and hybrid identities. The volume asks bold questions around what it means to live in constantly shifting boundaries of nationality, identity, and citizenship. The type of methodological, discursive and experiential awareness promoted by this work helps us understand how millions of people face the challenge of living in a globalizing world; it also fosters a consciousness of how globalization itself functions differently in different environments. Volume Two addresses additional and more nuanced questions around culture, race, sexuality, migration, displacement and resistance. It also explores certain epistemological and methodological fallacies regarding conventional articulations of nation-state, nationalism, and the local/global nexus. The volume seeks to answer questions such as: What are the meanings and connotations of 'displacement' in a rapidly globalizing world? What are some dilemmas and challenges around notions of cultural hybridity, linguistic diversity, and a sense of belonging? What is the meaning of home in diaspora and the meaning of diaspora at home? Together, the volumes raise many topics that will be of immense interest to scholars across disciplines and general readers. While celebrating the increasing acknowledgment of difference and diversity in recent times, this work reminds us of the ongoing ramifications of dominant structures of inequality, relations of power, and issues of inclusion and exclusion. This work offers different ways of thinking, writing and talking about globalization and the processes that emerge from it.
Posted in Education

The Moral Landscape

How Science Can Determine Human Values

Author: Sam Harris

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 143917122X

Category: Religion

Page: 307

View: 690

Calls for an end to religion's role in dictating morality, demonstrating how the scientific community's understandings about the human brain may enable the establishment of secular codes of behavior.
Posted in Religion