Steven Lukes confronts liberal thought with its own limitations.
The Implications of Diversity
Author: Steven Lukes
The theory of secularisation became a virtually unchallenged truth of twentieth-century social science. First sketched out by Enlightenment philosophers, then transformed into an irreversible global process by nineteenth-century thinkers, the theory was given substance by the precipitate drop in religious practice across Western Europe in the 1960s. However, the re-emergence of acute conflicts at the interface between religion and politics has confounded such assumptions. It is clear that these ideas must be rethought. Yet, as this distinguished, international team of scholars reveal, not everything contained in the idea of secularisation was false. Analyses of developments since 1500 reveal a wide spectrum of historical processes: partial secularisation in some spheres has been accompanied by sacralisation in others. Utilising new approaches derived from history, philosophy, politics and anthropology, the essays collected in Religion and the Political Imagination offer new ways of thinking about the urgency of religious issues in the contemporary world.
Author: Ira Katznelson,Gareth Stedman Jones
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Category: Political Science
Debates about cultural diversity have become an important, controversial and inescapable features of the politics of modern democracies. Negotiating Diversity offers a lucid and accessible analysis of the political theory of multiculturalism. It is an ideal text for students looking for an overview of the state of play in this area. The book explores the ways the concept of culture has been used in political theory, and critically evaluates contemporary liberal responses to multiculturalism, including the work of key political philosophers such as Will Kymlicka, Brian Barry and Chandran Kukathas, drawing on a range of real-world examples to illustrate its arguments. It provides critique of the tendency to reify cultural identity in political thinking, particularly through an examination of contemporary liberalism. In its place, the author develops a deliberative alternative, which views the politics of cultural diversity as a fallible process of negotiation, argument and compromise. He confronts objections that this alternative itself offers an unrealistic or oppressive vision of politics, and explores the fragility of trust in the politics of multicultural societies.
Culture, Deliberation, Trust
Author: Matthew Festenstein
The topic of neutrality on the good is linked rather closely to the ideal of political liberalism as formulated by John Rawls. Here internationally renowned authors, in several cases among the most prominent names to be found in contemporary political theory, present a collection of ten essays on the idea of liberal neutrality.
Author: Roberto Merrill,Daniel Weinstock
Within nineteenth-century Ojibwe/Chippewa medicine societies, and in communities at large, animals are realities and symbols that demonstrate cultural principles of North American Ojibwe nations. Living with Animals presents over 100 images from oral and written sources – including birch bark scrolls, rock art, stories, games, and dreams – in which animals appear as kindred beings, spirit powers, healers, and protectors. Michael Pomedli shows that the principles at play in these sources are not merely evidence of cultural values, but also unique standards brought to treaty signings by Ojibwe leaders. In addition, these principles are norms against which North American treaty interpretations should be reframed. The author provides an important foundation for ongoing treaty negotiations, and for what contemporary Ojibwe cultural figures corroborate as ways of leading a good, integrated life.
Ojibwe Spirit Powers
Author: Michael Pomedli
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
Category: Social Science
This international collection examines how ethnic identity and belonging are created and used politically in Europe and East Asia. The contributors respond to debates about whether and how regional, supranational, transnational, and multicultural identities may compromise nation states, and how nation states deal with such centrifugal forces. The issues are discussed from various perspectives: diasporic communities; the State and its role in inventing and influencing national belonging; and societies and communities with a strongly engineered multicultural structure. Two central theoretical chapters examine the current debates on 'belonging' and 'multiculturalism', bringing together this complex field and developing new perspectives. In particular, the volume improves our understanding of how people 'belong' in different contexts; by examining how they give shape to 'belonging' it is possible to understand how these diverse trends cohere within nation states and across continents.
Ethnicity and Nationalism in Europe and East Asia
Author: Flemming Christiansen,Ulf Hedetoft
Publisher: Ashgate Pub Limited
Category: Social Science
Author: John Donald Kingsley
Dedicated to a Better Understanding of Ethnic, Racial, and Religious Diversity
Category: Cultural pluralism
Should we merely celebrate diversity in the sphere of religion? What of the social cohesion of a country? There is a constant tug between belief in religious truth and the need for respect for other religions. Religious Diversity: Philosophical and Political Dimensions examines how far a firm faith can allow for toleration of difference and respect the need for religious freedom. It elucidates the philosophical credentials of different approaches to truth in religion, ranging from a dogmatic fundamentalism to a pluralism that shades into relativism. Must we resort to a secularism that treats all religion as a personal and private matter, with nothing to contribute to discussions about the common good? How should law approach the issue of religious freedom? Introducing the relevance of central discussions in modern philosophy of religion, the book goes on to examine the political implications of increasing religious diversity in a democracy.
Philosophical and Political Dimensions
Author: Roger Trigg
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Esta compilación busca proporcionar al estudiante elementos de crítica reflexiva en relación con el canon heredado en antropología, mostrando algunas áreas que se han desarrollado en las últimas décadas en estrecha relación con otras disciplinas. Abordan asuntos como el relativismo cultural, la importancia de la diferencia y su representación en el lenguaje, las gramáticas identitarias, los sistemas etnocientíficos de clasificación, los relatos de movilidad global, el papel de la música en la vida cotidiana, las transformaciones urbanas y ciudadanas, el análisis del poder y la autoridad, las diferencias e inequidades de género, las relaciones entre cultura y desarrollo, la aplicación del conocimiento etnográfico a los sistemas de salud.
Author: Francisco CRUCES VILLALOBOS,Beatriz PÉREZ GALÁN
Publisher: Editorial UNED
Category: Social Science
"This volume sheds considerable light on Berlin's thinking and clarifies some of the central themes of his philosophy. After an introductory memoir, the book is divided into four sections. The first is a selection from the correspondence conducted between Berlin and Polanowska-Sygulska from 1983 to 1997. These letters are published here in their entirety for the first time. The second section comprises two interviews Berlin gave in 1991 for Polish periodicals. Next come edited transcripts of a number of conversations recorded between 1986 and 1995. In one of these, Berlin tellingly recalls his childhood and youth. In other exchanges, he is pressed to be more concise about some of his most contested views, particularly his concepts of liberty and value pluralism, and to respond to criticism of these ideas by a wide range of authors.
Author: Isaiah Berlin,Beata Polanowska-Sygulska
Presents a groundbreaking investigation into the origins of morality at the core of religion and politics, offering scholarly insight into the motivations behind cultural clashes that are polarizing America.
Why Good People are Divided by Politics and Religion
Author: Jonathan Haidt
Diasporic Ruptures: Globality, Migrancy, and Expressions of Identity lies at the intersections of various processes emerging from globalization: border-crossings, transnationalism, identity formations. Carefully selected and placed in two volumes, the essays here represent works of both well-seasoned scholars as well as emerging writers, academics and intellectuals. The volumes critically examine various manifestations of the trend now commonly known as globalization--manifestations that many diasporic communities, immigrants, and people from all walks of life experience. They also illuminate recent political, social, economic and technological developments that are taking place in a rapidly changing world. Volume One offers sophisticated insights into the nature of contemporary formations of diasporic life, internationalism, and hybrid identities. The volume asks bold questions around what it means to live in constantly shifting boundaries of nationality, identity, and citizenship. The type of methodological, discursive and experiential awareness promoted by this work helps us understand how millions of people face the challenge of living in a globalizing world; it also fosters a consciousness of how globalization itself functions differently in different environments. Volume Two addresses additional and more nuanced questions around culture, race, sexuality, migration, displacement and resistance. It also explores certain epistemological and methodological fallacies regarding conventional articulations of nation-state, nationalism, and the local/global nexus. The volume seeks to answer questions such as: What are the meanings and connotations of 'displacement' in a rapidly globalizing world? What are some dilemmas and challenges around notions of cultural hybridity, linguistic diversity, and a sense of belonging? What is the meaning of home in diaspora and the meaning of diaspora at home? Together, the volumes raise many topics that will be of immense interest to scholars across disciplines and general readers. While celebrating the increasing acknowledgment of difference and diversity in recent times, this work reminds us of the ongoing ramifications of dominant structures of inequality, relations of power, and issues of inclusion and exclusion. This work offers different ways of thinking, writing and talking about globalization and the processes that emerge from it.
Globality, Migrancy, and Expressions of Identity;
Author: A. Asgharzadeh,E. Lawson,K. Oka
Publisher: Sense Pub
Calls for an end to religion's role in dictating morality, demonstrating how the scientific community's understandings about the human brain may enable the establishment of secular codes of behavior.
How Science Can Determine Human Values
Author: Sam Harris
Publisher: Simon and Schuster