Lethal Legacy

BSE : the Search for the Truth

Author: Stephen Dealler

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9780747529408

Category: Bovine spongiform encephalopathy

Page: 256

View: 6351

Posted in Bovine spongiform encephalopathy

The Social Construction of Disease

From Scrapie to Prion

Author: Kiheung Kim

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134237138

Category: Medical

Page: 272

View: 1302

A historical exploration of scientific disputes on the causation of so-called ‘prion diseases’, this fascinating book covers diseases including Scrapie, Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease (CJD) and Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE). Firstly tracing the twentieth-century history of disease research and biomedicine, the text then focuses on the relations between scientific practice and wider social transformations, before finally building upon the sociologically informed methodological framework. Incisive and thought-provoking, The Social Construction of Disease provides a valuable contribution to that well-established tradition of social history of science, which refers primarily to the theoretical works of the sociology of scientific knowledge.
Posted in Medical

Killing Animals

Author: Animal Studies Group

Publisher: University of Illinois Press

ISBN: 0252072901

Category: Literary Collections

Page: 215

View: 6596

Though not often acknowledged openly, killing represents by far the most common form of human interaction with animals. Humans kill animals for food, for pleasure, to wear, and even as religious acts, yet despite the ubiquity of this killing, analyzing the practice has generally remained the exclusive purview of animal rights advocates.Killing Animals offers a corrective to this narrow focus by bringing together the insights of scholars from diverse backgrounds in the humanities, including art history, anthropology, intellectual history, philosophy, literary studies, and geography. With killing representing the ultimate expression of human power over animals, the essays reveal the complexity of the phenomenon by exploring the extraordinary diversity in killing practices and the wide variety of meanings attached to them. They examine aspects of the role of animals in human societies, from the seventeenth century to the present day: their cultural manifestations, and how they have been represented. Topics include hunting and baiting; slaughter practices and the treatment of feral and stray animals; animal death in art, literature and philosophy; and even animals that themselves become killers of humans.While many collections originate as a series of separately planned conference papers drawn together only by editorial fiat, the essays that comprise Killing Animals were regarded as parts of a larger whole from their inception. The result is a remarkably collaborative, cross-disciplinary work that includes eight individually authored chapters and a collectively written introduction. Rather than attempting to produce a single ethical understanding from their diverse views, however, the group aims instead to demonstrate the value of the wider academic study of the place of animals in human history. The conclusion to Killing Animals takes the form of a discussion among the eight contributors, with each expanding upon issues raised earlier in the book.
Posted in Literary Collections

Risk Management and Society

Author: Eve Coles,Denis Smith,Steve Tombs

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780792368991

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 300

View: 5297

Crises like the BSE and GM food crisis, and the Concorde crash in 2000, have shown that large business and the public sector can suffer major disruption to their business. This volume adopts a multi-disciplinary approach to risk, to consider the implications for management, business and society.
Posted in Business & Economics

Infectious Processes

Knowledge, Discourse, and the Politics of Prions

Author: E. Seguin,John V. Pickstone

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230524397

Category: Political Science

Page: 191

View: 4669

In recent years a number of scholars have analyzed the management of BSE, also known as 'mad cow disease'. The BSE crisis is regarded by many as an example of the failure of officials and politicians to handle risk situations. Yet, BSE is also characterized by a unique trait, that is, the infectious agent that causes it. Thus far, no one has paid attention to the fact that BSE and other transmissible spongiform encephalopathy's (TSEs) are allegedly caused by a novel agent - a prion - distinct from all other known infectious agents such as bacteria and viruses. The prion hypothesis was introduced by the American scientist Stanley Prusiner in 1982. It immediately created a controversy among scientists and is still rejected by some. Yet, despite this lack of consensus in the scientific community, Prusiner was awarded the Nobel Prize for medicine in 1997. This book analyzes the introduction, reception, development and consequences of the prion hypothesis. It shows that BSE is a unique case not only in virtue of its political mismanagement but also because its infectious agent has created a form of revolution in biology.
Posted in Political Science

Europeanization and European Integration

From Incremental to Structural Change

Author: R. Coman,T. Kostera,L. Tomini

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 113732550X

Category: Political Science

Page: 185

View: 6204

After two decades of research into the impact of the EU on domestic politics and policies, this book explores the relationship between Europeanization and EU integration. It argues that Europeanization should be considered as a stage in the development of EU integration as well as questioning the notion of incremental Europeanization.
Posted in Political Science

Transboundary Risk Management

Author: Joanne Linnerooth-Bayer,Gunnar Sjostedt

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136533265

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 352

View: 4407

Environmental hazards do not respect international boundaries. In this volume, distinguished international researchers make a significant contribution to the understanding and management of transboundary environmental risks. The transboundary risk topics addressed highlight the key political, economic, social and cultural issues of our times, such as how transboundary risks are constructed, how they are communicated within and between countries, how the authorities can build trust in political management processes, and what forms of democratic risk management institutions are appropriate. Useful practical lessons on the management of transboundary risk at the national and international levels are drawn from the case studies. The volume provides valuable evidence and analysis for those working on international environmental issues and all aspects of risk management.
Posted in Business & Economics

Mad Cow Disease

Author: Carmen Ferreiro

Publisher: Infobase Publishing

ISBN: 1438101554

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 7368

Explains mad cow disease, what it is, how it is passed from cows to humans, and possible treatment options.
Posted in

Dying for a Hamburger

Modern Meat Processing and the Epidemic of Alzheimer's Disease

Author: Dr. Murray Waldman,Marjorie Lamb

Publisher: Macmillan

ISBN: 1466872152

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 320

View: 9157

One in ten people older than sixty-five, and nearly half of those older than eighty-five, have Alzheimer's disease. It's widely accepted nowadays that memory loss comes with age. Alzheimer's currently robs at least 15 million people of their identity worldwide. This book makes the controversial claim that eating meat may contribute to the development of the disease. In Dying for a Hamburger, Dr. Murray Waldman and Marjorie Lamb draw upon documentary evidence, historical testimony, and inspired speculation to suggest that Alzheimer's: - is a new disease--elderly people did not experience symptoms of dementia in such alarming numbers in the past - began appearing after modern meat production techniques were introduced - has soared in nations where these techniques are used - hardly exists in cultures where meat consumption is low - has been attributed to many deaths that are actually the human equivalent of mad cow disease. They present startling evidence that Alzheimer's may be part of a family of diseases linked to malformed proteins known as prions. They hypothesize that the conditions that allow these brain disorders to be triggered are similar. They propose that mad cow, its human equivalent, Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD), other encephalitic diseases, and Alzheimer's may have a common antecedent. We know that a form of CJD is transmitted to humans who eat contaminated beef. And we are becoming increasingly aware of the need to monitor the meat supply closely to avoid a repetition of the mad cow scare in Great Britain. But suppose that Alzheimer's also involves prions--the evidence that points in this direction is growing. And suppose that Alzheimer's is also associated with tainted meat. This conclusion seems far-fetched--at first. In this compelling book, the authors come to a frightening conclusion about our seemingly insatiable hunger for hamburgers. Destined to provoke heated argument, this book on the prevention of Alzheimer's is definitely food for thought.
Posted in Health & Fitness

The Animal's Agenda

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Animal rights

Page: N.A

View: 742

Posted in Animal rights

Economic globalization and ecological localization

socio-legal perspectives

Author: R. G. Lee,Elen Stokes

Publisher: Blackwell Pub

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 166

View: 7113

This special issue explores the interrelationship between global economic interests and local ecological interests, and its implications in law. Along this axis, it seeks to examine not only the capacity of global forces to subjugate local interests in responding to territorially confined threats, but also the extent to which solutions to global environmental problems may depend on local action. It analyses the impact of globalization on legal structures and their ability to accommodate local concerns, and considers whether globalization, and the elimination of national borders, actually offers an opportunity to reassert the power of local and regional governance. Its essays include: Environmental Governance: Reconnecting the Global and LocalFree Trade: What is it Good For? Globalization, Deregulation, and 'Public Opinion'Modern Interpretations of Sustainable Development Environmental Justice Imperatives for an Era of Climate Change (Re)Connecting the Global and Local: Europe's Regional SeasFraming the Local and the Global in the Anti-Nuclear Movement: Law and the Politics of PlaceGlobalizing Regulation: Reaching Beyond the Borders of Chemical Safety The Globalization and Re-localization of Material Flows: Four Phases of Food RegulationThe New Collaborative Environmental Governance: The Localization of Regulation "Contributors: " Stuart Bell, Laurence Etherington, Neil Gunningham, Veerle Heyvaert, Chris Hilson, Robert Lee, Terry Marsden, Emily Reid, Andrea Ross, Mark Stallworthy, Jenny Steele, Elen Stokes
Posted in Business & Economics

Mosaic

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Literature

Page: N.A

View: 2279

Posted in Literature

Agriculture and Human Values

1999-00

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Agriculture

Page: N.A

View: 9856

Posted in Agriculture

Population, Environment, and Development

Author: R. K. Pachauri,Lubina F. Qureshy,Tata Energy Research Institute

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Economic development

Page: 357

View: 1077

Papers presented at the Conference on Population, Environment and Development, organized by Tata Energy and Resources Institute - North America in March 1996 at Washington, D.C.
Posted in Economic development

The Economist

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Commerce

Page: N.A

View: 8315

Posted in Commerce

Globalisierung

Ökonomische und soziale Herausforderungen am Ende des zwanzigsten Jahrhunderts

Author: Gert Schmidt,Rainer Trinczek

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: International cooperation

Page: 581

View: 7960

Posted in International cooperation

A Good and Wise Measure

The Search for the Canadian-American Boundary, 1783-1842

Author: Francis M. Carroll

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 9780802083586

Category: History

Page: 462

View: 6895

The story of the attempts to settle the original boundary between British North America and the United States. Though established by the Treaty of Paris in 1783, the boundary was plagued by ambiguities and errors in the document.
Posted in History

Beauty and Misogyny

Harmful cultural practices in the West

Author: Sheila Jeffreys

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317675444

Category: Psychology

Page: 190

View: 6880

The new edition of Beauty and Misogyny revisits and updates Sheila Jeffreys' uncompromising critique of Western beauty practice and the industries and ideologies behind it. Jeffreys argues that beauty practices are not related to individual female choice or creative expression, but represent instead an important aspect of women's oppression. As these practices have become increasingly brutal and pervasive, the need to scrutinize and dismantle them is if anything more urgent now as it was in 2005 when the first edition of the book was published. The United Nations concept of "harmful traditional/cultural practices" provides a useful lens for the author to advance her critique. She makes the case for including Western beauty practices within this definition, examining their role in damaging women's health, creating sexual difference and enforcing female deference. First-wave feminists of the 1970s criticized pervasive beauty regimes such as dieting and depilation, but a later argument took hold that beauty practices were no longer oppressive now that women could "choose" them. In recent years the reality of Western beauty practices has become much more bloody and severe, requiring the breaking of skin and the rearrangement or amputation of body parts. Beauty and Misogyny seeks to make sense of why beauty practices have not only persisted but become more extreme. It examines the pervasive use of makeup, the misogyny of fashion and high-heeled shoes, and looks at the role of pornography in the creation of increasingly popular beauty practices such as breast implants, genital waxing, surgical alteration of the labia and other forms of self-mutilation. The book concludes by considering how a culture of resistance to these practices can be created. A new and thoroughly updated edition of this essential work will appeal to all levels of students and teachers of gender studies, cultural studies and feminist psychology, and to anyone with an interest in feminism, women and beauty, and women's health.
Posted in Psychology

The Rise of Experimental Biology

An Illustrated History

Author: Peter L. Lutz

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1592591639

Category: Science

Page: 201

View: 8778

Peter Lutz, PhD, brilliantly traverses the major milestones along the evolutionary path of biomedicine from earliest recorded times to the dawn of the 20th century. With an engaging narrative that will have you turning "just one more page" well into the night, this book revealingly demonstrates just how the modern scientific method has been shaped by the past. Along the way the reader is treated to some delightfully obscure anecdotes and a treasure trove of rich illustrations that chronicle the tortuous history of biomedical developments, ranging from the bizarre and amusing to the downright macabre. The reader will also be introduced to the major ideas shaping contemporary physiology and the social context of its development, and also gain an understanding of how advances in biological science have occasionally been improperly used to satisfy momentary social or political needs.
Posted in Science