The Social Construction of Disease

From Scrapie to Prion

Author: Kiheung Kim

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134237138

Category: Medical

Page: 272

View: 2074

A historical exploration of scientific disputes on the causation of so-called ‘prion diseases’, this fascinating book covers diseases including Scrapie, Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease (CJD) and Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE). Firstly tracing the twentieth-century history of disease research and biomedicine, the text then focuses on the relations between scientific practice and wider social transformations, before finally building upon the sociologically informed methodological framework. Incisive and thought-provoking, The Social Construction of Disease provides a valuable contribution to that well-established tradition of social history of science, which refers primarily to the theoretical works of the sociology of scientific knowledge.
Posted in Medical

Killing Animals

Author: Animal Studies Group

Publisher: University of Illinois Press

ISBN: 0252072901

Category: Literary Collections

Page: 215

View: 8453

Though not often acknowledged openly, killing represents by far the most common form of human interaction with animals. Humans kill animals for food, for pleasure, to wear, and even as religious acts, yet despite the ubiquity of this killing, analyzing the practice has generally remained the exclusive purview of animal rights advocates.Killing Animals offers a corrective to this narrow focus by bringing together the insights of scholars from diverse backgrounds in the humanities, including art history, anthropology, intellectual history, philosophy, literary studies, and geography. With killing representing the ultimate expression of human power over animals, the essays reveal the complexity of the phenomenon by exploring the extraordinary diversity in killing practices and the wide variety of meanings attached to them. They examine aspects of the role of animals in human societies, from the seventeenth century to the present day: their cultural manifestations, and how they have been represented. Topics include hunting and baiting; slaughter practices and the treatment of feral and stray animals; animal death in art, literature and philosophy; and even animals that themselves become killers of humans.While many collections originate as a series of separately planned conference papers drawn together only by editorial fiat, the essays that comprise Killing Animals were regarded as parts of a larger whole from their inception. The result is a remarkably collaborative, cross-disciplinary work that includes eight individually authored chapters and a collectively written introduction. Rather than attempting to produce a single ethical understanding from their diverse views, however, the group aims instead to demonstrate the value of the wider academic study of the place of animals in human history. The conclusion to Killing Animals takes the form of a discussion among the eight contributors, with each expanding upon issues raised earlier in the book.
Posted in Literary Collections

Risk Management and Society

Author: Eve Coles,Denis Smith,Steve Tombs

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780792368991

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 300

View: 894

Crises like the BSE and GM food crisis, and the Concorde crash in 2000, have shown that large business and the public sector can suffer major disruption to their business. This volume adopts a multi-disciplinary approach to risk, to consider the implications for management, business and society.
Posted in Business & Economics

Transboundary Risk Management

Author: Joanne Linnerooth-Bayer,Gunnar Sjostedt

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136533265

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 352

View: 7207

Environmental hazards do not respect international boundaries. In this volume, distinguished international researchers make a significant contribution to the understanding and management of transboundary environmental risks. The transboundary risk topics addressed highlight the key political, economic, social and cultural issues of our times, such as how transboundary risks are constructed, how they are communicated within and between countries, how the authorities can build trust in political management processes, and what forms of democratic risk management institutions are appropriate. Useful practical lessons on the management of transboundary risk at the national and international levels are drawn from the case studies. The volume provides valuable evidence and analysis for those working on international environmental issues and all aspects of risk management.
Posted in Business & Economics

The Animal's Agenda

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Animal rights

Page: N.A

View: 5705

Posted in Animal rights

Economic globalization and ecological localization

socio-legal perspectives

Author: R. G. Lee,Elen Stokes

Publisher: Blackwell Pub

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 166

View: 4590

This special issue explores the interrelationship between global economic interests and local ecological interests, and its implications in law. Along this axis, it seeks to examine not only the capacity of global forces to subjugate local interests in responding to territorially confined threats, but also the extent to which solutions to global environmental problems may depend on local action. It analyses the impact of globalization on legal structures and their ability to accommodate local concerns, and considers whether globalization, and the elimination of national borders, actually offers an opportunity to reassert the power of local and regional governance. Its essays include: Environmental Governance: Reconnecting the Global and LocalFree Trade: What is it Good For? Globalization, Deregulation, and 'Public Opinion'Modern Interpretations of Sustainable Development Environmental Justice Imperatives for an Era of Climate Change (Re)Connecting the Global and Local: Europe's Regional SeasFraming the Local and the Global in the Anti-Nuclear Movement: Law and the Politics of PlaceGlobalizing Regulation: Reaching Beyond the Borders of Chemical Safety The Globalization and Re-localization of Material Flows: Four Phases of Food RegulationThe New Collaborative Environmental Governance: The Localization of Regulation "Contributors: " Stuart Bell, Laurence Etherington, Neil Gunningham, Veerle Heyvaert, Chris Hilson, Robert Lee, Terry Marsden, Emily Reid, Andrea Ross, Mark Stallworthy, Jenny Steele, Elen Stokes
Posted in Business & Economics

Mosaic

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Literature

Page: N.A

View: 9639

Posted in Literature

Agriculture and Human Values

1999-00

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Agriculture

Page: N.A

View: 2387

Posted in Agriculture

Population, Environment, and Development

Author: R. K. Pachauri,Lubina F. Qureshy,Tata Energy Research Institute

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Economic development

Page: 357

View: 9455

Papers presented at the Conference on Population, Environment and Development, organized by Tata Energy and Resources Institute - North America in March 1996 at Washington, D.C.
Posted in Economic development

Globalisierung

Ökonomische und soziale Herausforderungen am Ende des zwanzigsten Jahrhunderts

Author: Gert Schmidt,Rainer Trinczek

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: International cooperation

Page: 581

View: 9484

Posted in International cooperation

The Economist

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Commerce

Page: N.A

View: 8634

Posted in Commerce

A Fabulous Kingdom

The Exploration of the Arctic

Author: Charles Officer,Jake Page

Publisher: OUP USA

ISBN: 0199837805

Category: History

Page: 220

View: 7829

The second edition of A Fabulous Kingdom will explain the history of the arctic and describe the current scientific and environmental issues that threaten this fascinating region.
Posted in History

Beyond Beef

The Rise and Fall of the Cattle Culture

Author: Jeremy Rifkin

Publisher: HarperThorsons

ISBN: N.A

Category: Beef

Page: 353

View: 1990

Posted in Beef

The Family that Couldn't Sleep

Unravelling a Venetian Medical Mystery

Author: D. T. Max

Publisher: Granta

ISBN: 9781846270901

Category: Fatal familial insomnia

Page: 299

View: 2693

In 1765, doctors in Venice were stumped by the death of a man who suffered from chronic insomnia. Over the next two centuries, this rare, inherited disease continued to baffle the experts as it struck the family at random, passing from generation to generation like a deadly dynastic curse.
Posted in Fatal familial insomnia

Writing for the Medium

Television in Transition

Author: Thomas Elsaesser,Jan Simons,Lucette Bronk

Publisher: Amsterdam University Press

ISBN: 9789053560549

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 211

View: 9735

This collection of essays, by well known writers on the subject of writing for television, is divided into three sections, with the first one devoted to the debates on quality television. The second one focuses on literature and television. The final section examines 'Science on television', with series editors from Britain and Germany giving first-hand accounts of the scope for serious science reporting on television.
Posted in Literary Criticism

A Good and Wise Measure

The Search for the Canadian-American Boundary, 1783-1842

Author: Francis M. Carroll

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 9780802083586

Category: History

Page: 462

View: 5354

The story of the attempts to settle the original boundary between British North America and the United States. Though established by the Treaty of Paris in 1783, the boundary was plagued by ambiguities and errors in the document.
Posted in History

Greening the Academy

Ecopedagogy Through the Liberal Arts

Author: Samuel Fassbinder,Anthony Nocella,Richard Kahn

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9462091013

Category: Education

Page: 226

View: 5952

This is the academic Age of the Neoliberal Arts. Campuses—as places characterized by democratic debate and controversy, wide ranges of opinion typical of vibrant public spheres, and service to the larger society—are everywhere being creatively destroyed in order to accord with market and military models befitting the academic-industrial complex. While it has become increasingly clear that facilitating the sustainability movement is the great 21st century educational challenge at hand, this book asserts that it is both a dangerous and criminal development today that sustainability in higher education has come to be defined by the complex-friendly “green campus” initiatives of science, technology, engineering and management programs. By contrast, Greening the Academy: Ecopedagogy Through the Liberal Arts takes the standpoints of those working for environmental and ecological justice in order to critique the unsustainable disciplinary limitations within the humanities and social sciences, as well as provide tactical reconstructive openings toward an empowered liberal arts for sustainability. Greening the Academy thus hopes to speak back with a collective demand that sustainability education be defined as a critical and moral vocation comprised of the diverse types of humanistic study that will benefit the well-being of our emerging planetary community and its numerous common locales.
Posted in Education

Squaring the Circle

The War Between Hobbes and Wallis

Author: Douglas M. Jesseph

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226398990

Category: Mathematics

Page: 419

View: 5217

In 1655, the philosopher Thomas Hobbes claimed he had solved the centuries-old problem of "squaring of the circle" (constructing a square equal in area to a given circle). With a scathing rebuttal to Hobbes's claims, the mathematician John Wallis began one of the longest and most intense intellectual disputes of all time. Squaring the Circle is a detailed account of this controversy, from the core mathematics to the broader philosophical, political, and religious issues at stake. Hobbes believed that by recasting geometry in a materialist mold, he could solve any geometric problem and thereby demonstrate the power of his materialist metaphysics. Wallis, a prominent Presbyterian divine as well as an eminent mathematician, refuted Hobbes's geometry as a means of discrediting his philosophy, which Wallis saw as a dangerous mix of atheism and pernicious political theory. Hobbes and Wallis's "battle of the books" illuminates the intimate relationship between science and crucial seventeenth-century debates over the limits of sovereign power and the existence of God.
Posted in Mathematics

The End of the Dinosaurs

Chicxulub Crater and Mass Extinctions

Author: Charles Frankel

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521474474

Category: Science

Page: 223

View: 6234

Investigates the idea that the natural disaster many scientists suspect caused the extinction of the dinosaurs occurred near Puerto Chicxulub, Mexico, when an asteroid collided with Earth, releasing deadly amounts of energy.
Posted in Science