British Book News

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Leibniz

An Introduction

Author: Charlie Dunbar Broad

Publisher: CUP Archive

ISBN: 9780521099257

Category: Philosophy

Page: 174

View: 9931

Broad's characteristically shrewd survey of Leibniz provides a very clear, detailed and orderly guide to a notoriously difficult philosophical system.
Posted in Philosophy

Bad Year Economics

Cultural Responses to Risk and Uncertainty

Author: Paul Halstead,John O'Shea

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521611923

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 160

View: 2627

Explores the role of risk and uncertainty in human economics within an interdisciplinary an cross-cultural framework.
Posted in Business & Economics

Discipline & Punish

The Birth of the Prison

Author: Michel Foucault

Publisher: Vintage

ISBN: 0307819299

Category: Social Science

Page: 352

View: 7151

In this brilliant work, the most influential philosopher since Sartre suggests that such vaunted reforms as the abolition of torture and the emergence of the modern penitentiary have merely shifted the focus of punishment from the prisoner's body to his soul.
Posted in Social Science

Green Imperialism

Colonial Expansion, Tropical Island Edens and the Origins of Environmentalism, 1600-1860

Author: Richard H. Grove

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521565134

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 540

View: 320

Green Imperialism is the first book to document the origins and early history of environmentalism, concentrating especially on its hitherto unexplained colonial and global aspects. It highlights the significance of Utopian, Physiocratic, and medical thinking in the history of environmentalist ideas. The book shows how the new critique of the colonial impact on the environment depended on the emergence of a coterie of professional scientists, and demonstrates both the importance of the oceanic island "Eden" as a vehicle for new conceptions of nature and the significance of colonial island environments in stimulating conservationist notions.
Posted in Business & Economics

The Education Outlook

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Education

Page: N.A

View: 7242

Posted in Education

Seaweed Ecology and Physiology

Author: Catriona L. Hurd,Paul J. Harrison,Kai Bischof,Christopher S. Lobban

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521145953

Category: Science

Page: 562

View: 4112

A synthesis of concepts and examples of how physiological processes influence seaweed communities worldwide, authored by experts in the field.
Posted in Science

Pouvoirs de L'horreur (English)

Author: Julia Kristeva

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 9780231053471

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 219

View: 4402

Powers of Horror is an excellent introduction to an aspect of contemporary French literature which has been allowed to become somewhat neglected in the current emphasis on para-philosophical modes of discourse."
Posted in Literary Criticism

Atmosphere—Ocean Dynamics

Author: Adrian E. Gill

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483281582

Category: Science

Page: 682

View: 4840

Atmosphere-Ocean Dynamics deals with a systematic and unified approach to the dynamics of the ocean and atmosphere. The book reviews the relationship of the ocean-atmosphere and how this system functions. The text explains this system through radiative equilibrium models; the book also considers the greenhouse effect, the effects of convection and of horizontal gradients, and the variability in radiative driving of the earth. Equations in the book show the properties of a material element, mass conservation, the balance of scalar quantity (such as salinity), and the mathematical behavior of the ocean and atmosphere. The book also addresses how the ocean-atmosphere system tends to adjust to equilibrium, both in the absence and presence of driving forces such as gravity. The text also explains the effect of the earth's rotation on the system, as well as the application of forced motions such as that produced by wind or temperature changes. The book explains tropical dynamics and the effects of variation of the Coriolis parameter with latitude. The text will be appreciated by meteorologists, environmentalists, students studying hydrology, and people working in general earth sciences.
Posted in Science

Revolutionizing a World

From Small States to Universalism in the Pre-Islamic Near East

Author: Mark Altaweel,Andrea Squitieri

Publisher: UCL Press

ISBN: 1911576631

Category: History

Page: 336

View: 5212

This book investigates the long-term continuity of large-scale states and empires, and its effect on the Near East’s social fabric, including the fundamental changes that occurred to major social institutions. Its geographical coverage spans, from east to west, modern-day Libya and Egypt to Central Asia, and from north to south, Anatolia to southern Arabia, incorporating modern-day Oman and Yemen. Its temporal coverage spans from the late eighth century BCE to the seventh century CE during the rise of Islam and collapse of the Sasanian Empire. The authors argue that the persistence of large states and empires starting in the eighth/seventh centuries BCE, which continued for many centuries, led to new socio-political structures and institutions emerging in the Near East. The primary processes that enabled this emergence were large-scale and long-distance movements, or population migrations. These patterns of social developments are analysed under different aspects: settlement patterns, urban structure, material culture, trade, governance, language spread and religion, all pointing at movement as the main catalyst for social change. This book’s argument is framed within a larger theoretical framework termed as ‘universalism’, a theory that explains many of the social transformations that happened to societies in the Near East, starting from the Neo-Assyrian period and continuing for centuries. Among other influences, the effects of these transformations are today manifested in modern languages, concepts of government, universal religions and monetized and globalized economies.
Posted in History

The Cambridge Handbook of Social Representations

Author: Gordon Sammut,Eleni Andreouli,George Gaskell,Jaan Valsiner

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107042003

Category: Psychology

Page: 495

View: 8626

Provides the requisite theoretical and methodological guidelines for undertaking social research addressing relevant contemporary social issues.
Posted in Psychology

Before Victoria

Extraordinary Women of the British Romantic Era

Author: Elizabeth Denlinger

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231509936

Category: Social Science

Page: 192

View: 8663

It might not have the been the revolution that Mary Wollstonecraft called for in A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792), but the Romantic era did witness a dramatic change in women's lives. Combining literary and cultural history, this richly illustrated volume brings back to life a remarkable, though frequently overlooked, group of women who transformed British culture and inspired new ways of understanding feminine roles and female sexuality. What was this revolution like? Women were expected to be more moral, more constrained, and more private than in the eighteenth century, when women such as Georgiana Cavendish, Duchess of Devonshire crafted bold public personas. Genteel women no longer laughed aloud at bawdy jokes and noblewomen ran charity bazaars instead of private casinos. By 1800, motherhood had become a sacred calling and women who could afford to do so devoted themselves to the home. While this idealization of domesticity kept some women off the streets, it afforded others new opportunities. Often working from home, women wrote novels and poetry, sculpted busts, painted portraits, and conducted scientific research. They also seized the chance to do good, and crafted new public roles for themselves as philanthropists and reformers. Now-obscure female astronomers, photographers, sculptors, and mathematicians share these pages with celebrated writers such as Mary Shelley, her mother Mary Wollstonecraft, and Mary Robinson, who in addition to being a novelist and actress was also the mistress of the Prince of Wales. This book also makes full use of The New York Public Library's extensive collections, including graphic works and caricatures from the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, manuscripts, hand-colored illustrations, broadsides, drawings, oil paintings, notebooks, albums and early photographs. These vivid, beautiful, and often humorous images depict these women, their works, and their social and domestic worlds.
Posted in Social Science

Disaster Bioethics: Normative Issues When Nothing is Normal

Author: Dónal P. O’Mathúna,Bert Gordijn,Mike Clarke

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400738641

Category: Philosophy

Page: 219

View: 913

This book provides an early exploration of the new field of disaster bioethics: examining the ethical issues raised by disasters. Healthcare ethics issues are addressed in the first part of this book. Large-scale casualties lead to decisions about who to treat and who to leave behind, cultural challenges, and communication ethics. The second part focuses on disaster research ethics. With the growing awareness of the need for evidence to guide disaster preparedness and response, more research is being conducted in disasters. Any research involving humans raises ethical questions and requires appropriate regulation and oversight. The authors explore how disaster research can take account of survivors? vulnerability, informed consent, the sudden onset of disasters, and other ethical issues. Both parts examine ethical challenges where seeking to do good, harm can be done. Faced with overwhelming needs and scarce resources, no good solution may be apparent. But choosing the less wrong option can have a high price. In addition, what might seem right at home may not be seen to be right elsewhere. This book provides in-depth and practical reflection on these and other challenging ethical questions arising during disasters. Scholars and practitioners who gathered at the Brocher Foundation in Geneva, Switzerland in 2011 offer their reflections to promote further dialogue so that those devastated by disasters are respected by being treated in the most ethically soun d ways possible.
Posted in Philosophy

Regional Approaches to Society and Complexity

Author: Alex R. Knodell,Thomas P. Leppard

Publisher: Equinox Publishing (Indonesia)

ISBN: 9781781797396

Category: Mediterranean Region

Page: 420

View: 1756

This volume considers regional approaches to social complexity from a variety of perspectives and at a global scale. John F. Cherry has been a key figure in regional-scale inquiry and broader disciplinary interfaces throughout his career, producing, mentoring, and inspiring a remarkably diverse body of work, which nevertheless remains oriented around this central theme. While Cherry's work is the inspiration for this volume and the papers within it, this should not be seen as a traditional festschrift, or piecemeal homage to the honorand's career. Rather, it aims to explore this core concern of regional approaches to society and complexity in comparative perspective, first in the Aegean, then branching out to the wider Mediterranean, New World, and finally reflecting on relevant issues of concern to all archaeologists working at levels above the site.
Posted in Mediterranean Region

Next Generation Knowledge Machines

Design and Architecture

Author: Syed V. Ahamed

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0124166695

Category: Computers

Page: 336

View: 3933

This book delivers the scientific and mathematical basis to treat and process knowledge as a quantifiable and dimensioned entity. It provides the units and measures for the value of information contained in a "body of knowledge" that can be measured, processed, enhanced, communicated and preserved. It provides a basis to evaluate the quantity of knowledge acquired by students at various levels and in different universities. The effect of time on the dynamics and flow of knowledge is tied to Internet knowledge banks and provides the basis for designing and building the next generation of novel machine to appear in society. This book ties the basic needs of all human beings to the modern machines that resolve such need based on Internet knowledge banks (KBs) distributed throughout nations and societies. The features of the Intelligent Internet are fully exploited to make a new generation of students and knowledge workers use the knowledge resources elegantly and optimally. It deals with topics and insight into the design and architecture of next-generation computing systems that deal with human and social problems. Processor and Internet technologies that have already revolutionized human lives form the subject matter and the focal point of this book. Information and knowledge on the Internet delivered by next-generation mobile networks form the technical core presented. Human thought processes and adjustments follow the solutions offered by machines. Extends the established practices and designs documented in computer systems to encompass the evolving knowledge processing field Provides an academic and industrial viewpoint of the concurrent dynamic changes in computer and communication industries Presents information for all perspectives, from managers, scientists and researchers Basic concepts can be applied to other disciplines and situations
Posted in Computers

Lectures on Psychical Research (Routledge Revivals)

Incorporating the Perrott Lectures Given in Cambridge University in 1959 and 1960

Author: C. D. Broad

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136832378

Category: Philosophy

Page: 464

View: 8679

This book, first published in 1962, is based on a series of lectures first given at Cambridge University in 1959 and 1960, dealing with 'psychical research' - i.e. the scientific investigation of ostensibly paranormal phenomena. Split into three sections, Professor Broad's study examines numerous issues relating to psychical theory, including guessing, hallucinatory quasi-perception and trance-mediumship.
Posted in Philosophy

The Foucault Reader

Author: Michel Foucault

Publisher: Pantheon

ISBN: 0394713400

Category: Philosophy

Page: 390

View: 6952

Gathers selections from the writings of the modern French philosopher about truth, knowledge, madness, science, sexuality, politics, and ethics
Posted in Philosophy

In Pursuit of Ancient Pasts

A History of Classical Archaeology in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries

Author: Stephen L. Dyson

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300134971

Category: History

Page: 336

View: 6269

divThe stories behind the acquisition of ancient antiquities are often as important as those that tell of their creation. This fascinating book provides a comprehensive account of the history and development of classical archaeology, explaining how and why artifacts have moved from foreign soil to collections around the world. As archaeologist Stephen Dyson shows, Greek and Roman archaeological study was closely intertwined with ideas about class and social structure; the rise of nationalism and later political ideologies such as fascism; and the physical and cultural development of most of the important art museums in Europe and the United States, whose prestige depended on their creation of collections of classical art. Accompanied by a discussion of the history of each of the major national traditions and their significant figures, this lively book shows how classical archaeology has influenced attitudes about areas as wide-ranging as tourism, nationalism, the role of the museum, and historicism in nineteenth- and twentieth-century art./DIV
Posted in History