Lecture Notes on Elementary Topology and Geometry

Author: I.M. Singer,J.A. Thorpe

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0387902023

Category: Mathematics

Page: 232

View: 5979

At the present time, the average undergraduate mathematics major finds mathematics heavily compartmentalized. After the calculus, he takes a course in analysis and a course in algebra. Depending upon his interests (or those of his department), he takes courses in special topics. Ifhe is exposed to topology, it is usually straightforward point set topology; if he is exposed to geom etry, it is usually classical differential geometry. The exciting revelations that there is some unity in mathematics, that fields overlap, that techniques of one field have applications in another, are denied the undergraduate. He must wait until he is well into graduate work to see interconnections, presumably because earlier he doesn't know enough. These notes are an attempt to break up this compartmentalization, at least in topology-geometry. What the student has learned in algebra and advanced calculus are used to prove some fairly deep results relating geometry, topol ogy, and group theory. (De Rham's theorem, the Gauss-Bonnet theorem for surfaces, the functorial relation of fundamental group to covering space, and surfaces of constant curvature as homogeneous spaces are the most note worthy examples.) In the first two chapters the bare essentials of elementary point set topology are set forth with some hint ofthe subject's application to functional analysis.
Posted in Mathematics

Lecture Notes on Elementary Topology and Geometry

Author: I.M. Singer,J.A. Thorpe

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1461573475

Category: Mathematics

Page: 232

View: 912

At the present time, the average undergraduate mathematics major finds mathematics heavily compartmentalized. After the calculus, he takes a course in analysis and a course in algebra. Depending upon his interests (or those of his department), he takes courses in special topics. Ifhe is exposed to topology, it is usually straightforward point set topology; if he is exposed to geom etry, it is usually classical differential geometry. The exciting revelations that there is some unity in mathematics, that fields overlap, that techniques of one field have applications in another, are denied the undergraduate. He must wait until he is well into graduate work to see interconnections, presumably because earlier he doesn't know enough. These notes are an attempt to break up this compartmentalization, at least in topology-geometry. What the student has learned in algebra and advanced calculus are used to prove some fairly deep results relating geometry, topol ogy, and group theory. (De Rham's theorem, the Gauss-Bonnet theorem for surfaces, the functorial relation of fundamental group to covering space, and surfaces of constant curvature as homogeneous spaces are the most note worthy examples.) In the first two chapters the bare essentials of elementary point set topology are set forth with some hint ofthe subject's application to functional analysis.
Posted in Mathematics

Elementary Topics in Differential Geometry

Author: J. A. Thorpe

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461261538

Category: Mathematics

Page: 256

View: 1736

In the past decade there has been a significant change in the freshman/ sophomore mathematics curriculum as taught at many, if not most, of our colleges. This has been brought about by the introduction of linear algebra into the curriculum at the sophomore level. The advantages of using linear algebra both in the teaching of differential equations and in the teaching of multivariate calculus are by now widely recognized. Several textbooks adopting this point of view are now available and have been widely adopted. Students completing the sophomore year now have a fair preliminary under standing of spaces of many dimensions. It should be apparent that courses on the junior level should draw upon and reinforce the concepts and skills learned during the previous year. Unfortunately, in differential geometry at least, this is usually not the case. Textbooks directed to students at this level generally restrict attention to 2-dimensional surfaces in 3-space rather than to surfaces of arbitrary dimension. Although most of the recent books do use linear algebra, it is only the algebra of ~3. The student's preliminary understanding of higher dimensions is not cultivated.
Posted in Mathematics

Lectures on Symplectic Geometry

Author: Ana Cannas da Silva

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 354045330X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 220

View: 9640

Posted in Mathematics

Measure, Topology, and Fractal Geometry

Author: Gerald Edgar

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387747494

Category: Mathematics

Page: 272

View: 9141

Based on a course given to talented high-school students at Ohio University in 1988, this book is essentially an advanced undergraduate textbook about the mathematics of fractal geometry. It nicely bridges the gap between traditional books on topology/analysis and more specialized treatises on fractal geometry. The book treats such topics as metric spaces, measure theory, dimension theory, and even some algebraic topology. It takes into account developments in the subject matter since 1990. Sections are clear and focused. The book contains plenty of examples, exercises, and good illustrations of fractals, including 16 color plates.
Posted in Mathematics

Spacetime

Foundations of General Relativity and Differential Geometry

Author: Marcus Kriele

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540483543

Category: Science

Page: 436

View: 8664

One of the most of exciting aspects is the general relativity pred- tion of black holes and the Such Big Bang. predictions gained weight the theorems through Penrose. singularity pioneered In various by te- books on theorems general relativity singularity are and then presented used to that black holes exist and that the argue universe started with a To date what has big been is bang. a critical of what lacking analysis these theorems predict-’ We of really give a proof a typical singul- theorem and this ity use theorem to illustrate problems arising through the of possibilities violations" and "causality weak "shell very crossing These singularities". add to the problems weight of view that the point theorems alone singularity are not sufficient to the existence of predict physical singularities. The mathematical theme of the book In order to both solid gain a of and intuition understanding good for any mathematical theory, one,should to realise it as model of try a a fam- iar non-mathematical theories have had concept. Physical an especially the important on of and impact development mathematics, conversely various modern theories physical rather require sophisticated mathem- ics for their formulation. both and mathematics Today, physics are so that it is often difficult complex to master the theories in both very s- in the of jects. However, case differential pseudo-Riemannian geometry or the general relativity between and mathematics relationship physics is and it is therefore especially close, to from interd- possible profit an ciplinary approach.
Posted in Science

Алгебраическая геометрия для всех

Author: Miles Reid

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521356626

Category: Mathematics

Page: 129

View: 462

This short and readable introduction to algebraic geometry will be ideal for all undergraduate mathematicians coming to the subject for the first time.
Posted in Mathematics

Essential Topology

Author: Martin D. Crossley

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781852337827

Category: Mathematics

Page: 224

View: 3438

This book brings the most important aspects of modern topology within reach of a second-year undergraduate student. It successfully unites the most exciting aspects of modern topology with those that are most useful for research, leaving readers prepared and motivated for further study. Written from a thoroughly modern perspective, every topic is introduced with an explanation of why it is being studied, and a huge number of examples provide further motivation. The book is ideal for self-study and assumes only a familiarity with the notion of continuity and basic algebra.
Posted in Mathematics

Metric Structures in Differential Geometry

Author: Gerard Walschap

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387218262

Category: Mathematics

Page: 229

View: 5144

This book offers an introduction to the theory of differentiable manifolds and fiber bundles. It examines bundles from the point of view of metric differential geometry: Euclidean bundles, Riemannian connections, curvature, and Chern-Weil theory are discussed, including the Pontrjagin, Euler, and Chern characteristic classes of a vector bundle. These concepts are illustrated in detail for bundles over spheres.
Posted in Mathematics

Classical Topology and Combinatorial Group Theory

Author: John Stillwell

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461243726

Category: Mathematics

Page: 336

View: 2267

In recent years, many students have been introduced to topology in high school mathematics. Having met the Mobius band, the seven bridges of Konigsberg, Euler's polyhedron formula, and knots, the student is led to expect that these picturesque ideas will come to full flower in university topology courses. What a disappointment "undergraduate topology" proves to be! In most institutions it is either a service course for analysts, on abstract spaces, or else an introduction to homological algebra in which the only geometric activity is the completion of commutative diagrams. Pictures are kept to a minimum, and at the end the student still does nr~ understand the simplest topological facts, such as the rcason why knots exist. In my opinion, a well-balanced introduction to topology should stress its intuitive geometric aspect, while admitting the legitimate interest that analysts and algebraists have in the subject. At any rate, this is the aim of the present book. In support of this view, I have followed the historical development where practicable, since it clearly shows the influence of geometric thought at all stages. This is not to claim that topology received its main impetus from geometric recreations like the seven bridges; rather, it resulted from the l'isualization of problems from other parts of mathematics-complex analysis (Riemann), mechanics (Poincare), and group theory (Dehn). It is these connec tions to other parts of mathematics which make topology an important as well as a beautiful subject.
Posted in Mathematics

Introduction to Topological Manifolds

Author: John Lee

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1441979409

Category: Mathematics

Page: 433

View: 5331

This book is an introduction to manifolds at the beginning graduate level, and accessible to any student who has completed a solid undergraduate degree in mathematics. It contains the essential topological ideas that are needed for the further study of manifolds, particularly in the context of differential geometry, algebraic topology, and related fields. Although this second edition has the same basic structure as the first edition, it has been extensively revised and clarified; not a single page has been left untouched. The major changes include a new introduction to CW complexes (replacing most of the material on simplicial complexes in Chapter 5); expanded treatments of manifolds with boundary, local compactness, group actions, and proper maps; and a new section on paracompactness.
Posted in Mathematics

Lectures on Hyperbolic Geometry

Author: Riccardo Benedetti,Carlo Petronio

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642581587

Category: Mathematics

Page: 330

View: 6077

Focussing on the geometry of hyperbolic manifolds, the aim here is to provide an exposition of some fundamental results, while being as self-contained, complete, detailed and unified as possible. Following some classical material on the hyperbolic space and the Teichmüller space, the book centers on the two fundamental results: Mostow's rigidity theorem (including a complete proof, following Gromov and Thurston) and Margulis' lemma. These then form the basis for studying Chabauty and geometric topology; a unified exposition is given of Wang's theorem and the Jorgensen-Thurston theory; and much space is devoted to the 3D case: a complete and elementary proof of the hyperbolic surgery theorem, based on the representation of three manifolds as glued ideal tetrahedra.
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Foundations of Differentiable Manifolds and Lie Groups

Author: Frank W. Warner

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1475717997

Category: Mathematics

Page: 276

View: 5474

Foundations of Differentiable Manifolds and Lie Groups gives a clear, detailed, and careful development of the basic facts on manifold theory and Lie Groups. Coverage includes differentiable manifolds, tensors and differentiable forms, Lie groups and homogenous spaces, and integration on manifolds. The book also provides a proof of the de Rham theorem via sheaf cohomology theory and develops the local theory of elliptic operators culminating in a proof of the Hodge theorem.
Posted in Mathematics

Geometry and Topology of the Stock Market

For the Quantum Computer Generation of Quants

Author: Ovidiu Racorean

Publisher: CreateSpace

ISBN: 9781494456634

Category:

Page: 118

View: 5895

In The News: Business Insider - "Hedge fund researcher is working on a higher dimensional geometric model of the stock market" International Business Times - "How do you picture the stock market: a bunch of guys yelling at computer screens on Wall Street? A long list of figures in the paper? Or, perhaps, an ever-shifting, higher dimensional jewel? The latter vision is that of Ovidiu Racorean... " The large public is, for the first time, invited to take a closer look through the "keyhole" of a hedge fund "next generation research laboratory" door. The image reader will discover is astonishing; no exaggeration. From simple to complex, the book presents familiar financial concepts like stocks, market index (Dow Jones Industrial Average), algorithmic trading, to name just a few, in a manner that have never been experienced before. The reader is taken to a journey throughout a financial mathematics world that it seems detached from the 22nd century science. Part of a so called "underground quant researchers group," the author disclose throughout the pages of the book a picture of how quantum computer generation of quants will impact the financial markets in the near future, giving the reader a hint of how far research goes in mathematical finance. ARE WE PREPARED FOR THE QUANTUM COMPUTER TRADING AND INVESTING?
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Elementary Topology

Author: O. Ya. Viro, O. A. Ivanov, N. Yu. Netsvetaev, V. M. Kharlamov

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 9780821886250

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 9596

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General Topology

Author: John L. Kelley

Publisher: Courier Dover Publications

ISBN: 0486815447

Category: Mathematics

Page: 320

View: 8140

"The clarity of the author's thought and the carefulness of his exposition make reading this book a pleasure," noted the Bulletin of the American Mathematical Society upon the 1955 publication of John L. Kelley's General Topology. This comprehensive treatment for beginning graduate-level students immediately found a significant audience, and it remains a highly worthwhile and relevant book for students of topology and for professionals in many areas. A systematic exposition of the part of general topology that has proven useful in several branches of mathematics, this volume is especially intended as background for modern analysis. An extensive preliminary chapter presents mathematical foundations for the main text. Subsequent chapters explore topological spaces, the Moore-Smith convergence, product and quotient spaces, embedding and metrization, and compact, uniform, and function spaces. Each chapter concludes with an abundance of problems, which form integral parts of the discussion as well as reinforcements and counter examples that mark the boundaries of possible theorems. The book concludes with an extensive index that provides supplementary material on elementary set theory.
Posted in Mathematics

Basic Topology

Author: M.A. Armstrong

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1475717938

Category: Mathematics

Page: 251

View: 4496

In this broad introduction to topology, the author searches for topological invariants of spaces, together with techniques for their calculating. Students with knowledge of real analysis, elementary group theory, and linear algebra will quickly become familiar with a wide variety of techniques and applications involving point-set, geometric, and algebraic topology. Over 139 illustrations and more than 350 problems of various difficulties help students gain a thorough understanding of the subject.
Posted in Mathematics

Elementary Topology

Author: Michael C. Gemignani

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 9780486665221

Category: Mathematics

Page: 270

View: 7520

Topology is one of the most rapidly expanding areas of mathematical thought: while its roots are in geometry and analysis, topology now serves as a powerful tool in almost every sphere of mathematical study. This book is intended as a first text in topology, accessible to readers with at least three semesters of a calculus and analytic geometry sequence. In addition to superb coverage of the fundamentals of metric spaces, topologies, convergence, compactness, connectedness, homotopy theory, and other essentials, Elementary Topology gives added perspective as the author demonstrates how abstract topological notions developed from classical mathematics. For this second edition, numerous exercises have been added as well as a section dealing with paracompactness and complete regularity. The Appendix on infinite products has been extended to include the general Tychonoff theorem; a proof of the Tychonoff theorem which does not depend on the theory of convergence has also been added in Chapter 7.
Posted in Mathematics

Functions of Several Variables

Author: Wendell H Fleming

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1468494619

Category: Mathematics

Page: 412

View: 8721

This new edition, like the first, presents a thorough introduction to differential and integral calculus, including the integration of differential forms on manifolds. However, an additional chapter on elementary topology makes the book more complete as an advanced calculus text, and sections have been added introducing physical applications in thermodynamics, fluid dynamics, and classical rigid body mechanics.
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Undergraduate Topology

A Working Textbook

Author: Aisling McCluskey,Brian McMaster

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198702337

Category: Mathematics

Page: 144

View: 387

This textbook offers an accessible, modern introduction at undergraduate level to an area known variously as general topology, point-set topology or analytic topology with a particular focus on helping students to build theory for themselves. It is the result of several years of the authors' combined university teaching experience stimulated by sustained interest in advanced mathematical thinking and learning, alongside established research careers in analytic topology. Point-set topology is a discipline that needs relatively little background knowledge, but sufficient determination to grasp ideas precisely and to argue with straight and careful logic. Research and long experience in undergraduate mathematics education suggests that an optimal way to learn such a subject is to teach it to yourself, pro-actively, by guided reading of brief skeleton notes and by doing your own spadework to fill in the details and to flesh out the examples. This text will facilitate such an approach for those learners who opt to do it this way and for those instructors who would like to encourage this so-called 'Moore approach', even for a modest segment of the teaching term or for part of the class. In reality, most students simply do not have the combination of time, background and motivation needed to implement such a plan fully. The accessibility, flexibility and completeness of this text enable it to be used equally effectively for more conventional instructor-led courses. Critically, it furnishes a rich variety of exercises and examples, many of which have specimen solutions, through which to gain in confidence and competence.
Posted in Mathematics