Learning from Data

Concepts, Theory, and Methods

Author: Vladimir Cherkassky,Filip M. Mulier

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470140512

Category: Computers

Page: 624

View: 9559

An interdisciplinary framework for learning methodologies—covering statistics, neural networks, and fuzzy logic, this book provides a unified treatment of the principles and methods for learning dependencies from data. It establishes a general conceptual framework in which various learning methods from statistics, neural networks, and fuzzy logic can be applied—showing that a few fundamental principles underlie most new methods being proposed today in statistics, engineering, and computer science. Complete with over one hundred illustrations, case studies, and examples making this an invaluable text.
Posted in Computers

Learning From Data

An Introduction To Statistical Reasoning

Author: Arthur Glenberg,Matthew Andrzejewski

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136676627

Category: Education

Page: 580

View: 689

Learning from Data focuses on how to interpret psychological data and statistical results. The authors review the basics of statistical reasoning to helpstudents better understand relevant data that affecttheir everyday lives. Numerous examples based on current research and events are featured throughout.To facilitate learning, authors Glenberg and Andrzejewski: Devote extra attention to explaining the more difficult concepts and the logic behind them Use repetition to enhance students’ memories with multiple examples, reintroductions of the major concepts, and a focus on these concepts in the problems Employ a six-step procedure for describing all statistical tests from the simplest to the most complex Provide end-of-chapter tables to summarize the hypothesis testing procedures introduced Emphasizes how to choose the best procedure in the examples, problems and endpapers Focus on power with a separate chapter and power analyses procedures in each chapter Provide detailed explanations of factorial designs, interactions, and ANOVA to help students understand the statistics used in professional journal articles. The third edition has a user-friendly approach: Designed to be used seamlessly with Excel, all of the in-text analyses are conducted in Excel, while the book’s CD contains files for conducting analyses in Excel, as well as text files that can be analyzed in SPSS, SAS, and Systat Two large, real data sets integrated throughout illustrate important concepts Many new end-of-chapter problems (definitions, computational, and reasoning) and many more on the companion CD Online Instructor’s Resources includes answers to all the exercises in the book and multiple-choice test questions with answers Boxed media reports illustrate key concepts and their relevance to realworld issues The inclusion of effect size in all discussions of power accurately reflects the contemporary issues of power, effect size, and significance. Learning From Data, Third Edition is intended as a text for undergraduate or beginning graduate statistics courses in psychology, education, and other applied social and health sciences.
Posted in Education

Learning from Data

Artificial Intelligence and Statistics V

Author: Doug Fisher,Hans-J. Lenz

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461224047

Category: Mathematics

Page: 450

View: 3892

Ten years ago Bill Gale of AT&T Bell Laboratories was primary organizer of the first Workshop on Artificial Intelligence and Statistics. In the early days of the Workshop series it seemed clear that researchers in AI and statistics had common interests, though with different emphases, goals, and vocabularies. In learning and model selection, for example, a historical goal of AI to build autonomous agents probably contributed to a focus on parameter-free learning systems, which relied little on an external analyst's assumptions about the data. This seemed at odds with statistical strategy, which stemmed from a view that model selection methods were tools to augment, not replace, the abilities of a human analyst. Thus, statisticians have traditionally spent considerably more time exploiting prior information of the environment to model data and exploratory data analysis methods tailored to their assumptions. In statistics, special emphasis is placed on model checking, making extensive use of residual analysis, because all models are 'wrong', but some are better than others. It is increasingly recognized that AI researchers and/or AI programs can exploit the same kind of statistical strategies to good effect. Often AI researchers and statisticians emphasized different aspects of what in retrospect we might now regard as the same overriding tasks.
Posted in Mathematics

The Health Care Data Guide

Learning from Data for Improvement

Author: Lloyd P. Provost,Sandra Murray

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470902582

Category: Medical

Page: 445

View: 2022

The Health Care Data Guide is designed to help students and professionals build a skill set specific to using data for improvement of health care processes and systems. Even experienced data users will find valuable resources among the tools and cases that enrich The Health Care Data Guide. Practical and step-by-step, this book spotlights statistical process control (SPC) and develops a philosophy, a strategy, and a set of methods for ongoing improvement to yield better outcomes. Provost and Murray reveal how to put SPC into practice for a wide range of applications including evaluating current process performance, searching for ideas for and determining evidence of improvement, and tracking and documenting sustainability of improvement. A comprehensive overview of graphical methods in SPC includes Shewhart charts, run charts, frequency plots, Pareto analysis, and scatter diagrams. Other topics include stratification and rational sub-grouping of data and methods to help predict performance of processes. Illustrative examples and case studies encourage users to evaluate their knowledge and skills interactively and provide opportunity to develop additional skills and confidence in displaying and interpreting data. Companion Web site: www.josseybass.com/go/provost
Posted in Medical

Learning from Data Streams

Processing Techniques in Sensor Networks

Author: João Gama,Mohamed Medhat Gaber

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540736794

Category: Computers

Page: 244

View: 6373

Processing data streams has raised new research challenges over the last few years. This book provides the reader with a comprehensive overview of stream data processing, including famous prototype implementations like the Nile system and the TinyOS operating system. Applications in security, the natural sciences, and education are presented. The huge bibliography offers an excellent starting point for further reading and future research.
Posted in Computers

Statistics: Learning from Data

Author: Roxy Peck,Tom Short

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1337558087

Category: Mathematics

Page: 729

View: 8615

STATISTICS: LEARNING FROM DATA, Second Edition, addresses common problems faced by learners of elementary statistics with an innovative approach. The authors have paid particular attention to areas learners often struggle with -- probability, hypothesis testing, and selecting an appropriate method of analysis. Probability coverage is based on current research on how students best learn the subject. A unique chapter that provides an informal introduction to the ideas of statistical inference helps students to develop a framework for choosing an appropriate method. Supported by learning objectives, real-data examples and exercises, and technology notes, this book helps learners to develop conceptual understanding, mechanical proficiency, and the ability to put knowledge into practice. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
Posted in Mathematics

Utility-Based Learning from Data

Author: Craig Friedman,Sven Sandow

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420011289

Category: Computers

Page: 417

View: 9397

Utility-Based Learning from Data provides a pedagogical, self-contained discussion of probability estimation methods via a coherent approach from the viewpoint of a decision maker who acts in an uncertain environment. This approach is motivated by the idea that probabilistic models are usually not learned for their own sake; rather, they are used to make decisions. Specifically, the authors adopt the point of view of a decision maker who (i) operates in an uncertain environment where the consequences of every possible outcome are explicitly monetized, (ii) bases his decisions on a probabilistic model, and (iii) builds and assesses his models accordingly. These assumptions are naturally expressed in the language of utility theory, which is well known from finance and decision theory. By taking this point of view, the book sheds light on and generalizes some popular statistical learning approaches, connecting ideas from information theory, statistics, and finance. It strikes a balance between rigor and intuition, conveying the main ideas to as wide an audience as possible.
Posted in Computers

Advanced Analytics with Spark

Patterns for Learning from Data at Scale

Author: Sandy Ryza

Publisher: "O'Reilly Media, Inc."

ISBN: 1491972920

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 1239

In the second edition of this practical book, four Cloudera data scientists present a set of self-contained patterns for performing large-scale data analysis with Spark. The authors bring Spark, statistical methods, and real-world data sets together to teach you how to approach analytics problems by example. Updated for Spark 2.1, this edition acts as an introduction to these techniques and other best practices in Spark programming. You'll start with an introduction to Spark and its ecosystem, and then dive into patterns that apply common techniques--including classification, clustering, collaborative filtering, and anomaly detection--to fields such as genomics, security, and finance. If you have an entry-level understanding of machine learning and statistics, and you program in Java, Python, or Scala, you'll find the book's patterns useful for working on your own data applications. With this book, you will: Familiarize yourself with the Spark programming model Become comfortable within the Spark ecosystem Learn general approaches in data science Examine complete implementations that analyze large public data sets Discover which machine learning tools make sense for particular problems Acquire code that can be adapted to many uses
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Learning From Data

Author: CTI Reviews

Publisher: Cram101 Textbook Reviews

ISBN: 1467278580

Category: Education

Page: 32

View: 6797

Facts101 is your complete guide to Learning From Data. In this book, you will learn topics such as as those in your book plus much more. With key features such as key terms, people and places, Facts101 gives you all the information you need to prepare for your next exam. Our practice tests are specific to the textbook and we have designed tools to make the most of your limited study time.
Posted in Education

Learning's from Data Storage

Author: N.A

Publisher: Information Gatekeepers Inc

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 8893

Posted in

Learning from Data , An Introduction to Statistical Reasoning

Author: CTI Reviews

Publisher: Cram101 Textbook Reviews

ISBN: 1467254088

Category: Education

Page: 32

View: 7126

Facts101 is your complete guide to Learning from Data , An Introduction to Statistical Reasoning. In this book, you will learn topics such as as those in your book plus much more. With key features such as key terms, people and places, Facts101 gives you all the information you need to prepare for your next exam. Our practice tests are specific to the textbook and we have designed tools to make the most of your limited study time.
Posted in Education

Statistics

Learning from Data

Author: Olsen Peck,Roxy Peck

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781285085241

Category: Mathematical statistics

Page: 848

View: 1988

Posted in Mathematical statistics

Statistics, The Art and Science of Learning from Data

Author: CTI Reviews

Publisher: Cram101 Textbook Reviews

ISBN: 1497091950

Category: Education

Page: 86

View: 3762

Facts101 is your complete guide to Statistics, The Art and Science of Learning from Data. In this book, you will learn topics such as as those in your book plus much more. With key features such as key terms, people and places, Facts101 gives you all the information you need to prepare for your next exam. Our practice tests are specific to the textbook and we have designed tools to make the most of your limited study time.
Posted in Education

Scientific Inference

Learning from Data

Author: Simon Vaughan

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107434211

Category: Science

Page: 312

View: 6052

Providing the knowledge and practical experience to begin analysing scientific data, this book is ideal for physical sciences students wishing to improve their data handling skills. The book focuses on explaining and developing the practice and understanding of basic statistical analysis, concentrating on a few core ideas, such as the visual display of information, modelling using the likelihood function, and simulating random data. Key concepts are developed through a combination of graphical explanations, worked examples, example computer code and case studies using real data. Students will develop an understanding of the ideas behind statistical methods and gain experience in applying them in practice. Further resources are available at www.cambridge.org/9781107607590, including data files for the case studies so students can practise analysing data, and exercises to test students' understanding.
Posted in Science

Neuronale Netze selbst programmieren

Ein verständlicher Einstieg mit Python

Author: Tariq Rashid

Publisher: O'Reilly

ISBN: 3960101031

Category: Computers

Page: 232

View: 3156

Neuronale Netze sind Schlüsselelemente des Deep Learning und der Künstlichen Intelligenz, die heute zu Erstaunlichem in der Lage sind. Sie sind Grundlage vieler Anwendungen im Alltag wie beispielsweise Spracherkennung, Gesichtserkennung auf Fotos oder die Umwandlung von Sprache in Text. Dennoch verstehen nur wenige, wie neuronale Netze tatsächlich funktionieren. Dieses Buch nimmt Sie mit auf eine unterhaltsame Reise, die mit ganz einfachen Ideen beginnt und Ihnen Schritt für Schritt zeigt, wie neuronale Netze arbeiten: - Zunächst lernen Sie die mathematischen Konzepte kennen, die den neuronalen Netzen zugrunde liegen. Dafür brauchen Sie keine tieferen Mathematikkenntnisse, denn alle mathematischen Ideen werden behutsam und mit vielen Illustrationen und Beispielen erläutert. Eine Kurzeinführung in die Analysis unterstützt Sie dabei. - Dann geht es in die Praxis: Nach einer Einführung in die populäre und leicht zu lernende Programmiersprache Python bauen Sie allmählich Ihr eigenes neuronales Netz mit Python auf. Sie bringen ihm bei, handgeschriebene Zahlen zu erkennen, bis es eine Performance wie ein professionell entwickeltes Netz erreicht. - Im nächsten Schritt tunen Sie die Leistung Ihres neuronalen Netzes so weit, dass es eine Zahlenerkennung von 98 % erreicht – nur mit einfachen Ideen und simplem Code. Sie testen das Netz mit Ihrer eigenen Handschrift und werfen noch einen Blick in das mysteriöse Innere eines neuronalen Netzes. - Zum Schluss lassen Sie das neuronale Netz auf einem Raspberry Pi Zero laufen. Tariq Rashid erklärt diese schwierige Materie außergewöhnlich klar und verständlich, dadurch werden neuronale Netze für jeden Interessierten zugänglich und praktisch nachvollziehbar.
Posted in Computers

Learning from Data Streams in Evolving Environments

Methods and Applications

Author: Moamar Sayed-Mouchaweh

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319898035

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 317

View: 617

This edited book covers recent advances of techniques, methods and tools treating the problem of learning from data streams generated by evolving non-stationary processes. The goal is to discuss and overview the advanced techniques, methods and tools that are dedicated to manage, exploit and interpret data streams in non-stationary environments. The book includes the required notions, definitions, and background to understand the problem of learning from data streams in non-stationary environments and synthesizes the state-of-the-art in the domain, discussing advanced aspects and concepts and presenting open problems and future challenges in this field. Provides multiple examples to facilitate the understanding data streams in non-stationary environments; Presents several application cases to show how the methods solve different real world problems; Discusses the links between methods to help stimulate new research and application directions.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Learning from Data Streams in Dynamic Environments

Author: Moamar Sayed-Mouchaweh

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 331925667X

Category: Computers

Page: 75

View: 1821

This book addresses the problems of modeling, prediction, classification, data understanding and processing in non-stationary and unpredictable environments. It presents major and well-known methods and approaches for the design of systems able to learn and to fully adapt its structure and to adjust its parameters according to the changes in their environments. Also presents the problem of learning in non-stationary environments, its interests, its applications and challenges and studies the complementarities and the links between the different methods and techniques of learning in evolving and non-stationary environments.
Posted in Computers

Statistics: The Art and Science of Learning from Data, Global Edition

Author: Alan Agresti,Christine A. Franklin,Bernhard Klingenberg

Publisher: Pearson Higher Ed

ISBN: 1292164832

Category: Mathematics

Page: 816

View: 7718

For courses in introductory statistics. The Art and Science of Learning from Data Statistics: The Art and Science of Learning from Data, Fourth Edition, takes a conceptual approach, helping students understand what statistics is about and learning the right questions to ask when analyzing data, rather than just memorizing procedures. This book takes the ideas that have turned statistics into a central science in modern life and makes them accessible, without compromising the necessary rigor. Students will enjoy reading this book, and will stay engaged with its wide variety of real-world data in the examples and exercises. The authors believe that it’s important for students to learn and analyze both quantitative and categorical data. As a result, the text pays greater attention to the analysis of proportions than many other introductory statistics texts. Concepts are introduced first with categorical data, and then with quantitative data. MyStatLab™ not included. Students, if MyStatLab is a recommended/mandatory component of the course, please ask your instructor for the correct ISBN and course ID. MyStatLab should only be purchased when required by an instructor. Instructors, contact your Pearson representative for more information. MyStatLab is an online homework, tutorial, and assessment product designed to personalize learning and improve results. With a wide range of interactive, engaging, and assignable activities, students are encouraged to actively learn and retain tough course concepts.
Posted in Mathematics

The Art of Statistics

Learning from Data

Author: David Spiegelhalter

Publisher: Penguin UK

ISBN: 0241258758

Category: Mathematics

Page: 256

View: 5391

Statistics has played a leading role in our scientific understanding of the world for centuries, yet we are all familiar with the way statistical claims can be sensationalised, particularly in the media. In the age of big data, as data science becomes established as a discipline, a basic grasp of statistical literacy is more important than ever. In How to Tell the Truth with Statistics, David Spiegelhalter guides the reader through the essential principles we need in order to derive knowledge from data. Drawing on real world problems to introduce conceptual issues, he shows us how statistics can help us determine the luckiest passenger on the Titanic, whether serial killer Harold Shipman could have been caught earlier, and if screening for ovarian cancer is beneficial. How many trees are there on the planet? Do busier hospitals have higher survival rates? Why do old men have big ears? Spiegelhalter reveals the answers to these and many other questions - questions that can only be addressed using statistical science.
Posted in Mathematics