Lead-Acid Batteries: Science and Technology

A Handbook of Lead-Acid Battery Technology and Its Influence on the Product

Author: D. Pavlov

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0444595600

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 720

View: 3219

Lead-Acid Batteries: Science and Technology: A Handbook of Lead-Acid Battery Technology and Its Influence on the Product, Second Edition presents a comprehensive overview of the technological processes of lead-acid battery manufacture and their influence on performance parameters. The book summarizes current knowledge on lead-acid battery production, presenting it in the form of an integral theory that is supported by ample illustrative material and experimental data that allows technologists and engineers to control technological processes in battery plants. In addition, the book provides university lecturers with a tool for a clear and in-depth presentation of lead-acid battery production in courses. This updated edition includes new supplementary material (text and illustrations) in chapters 2, 4, 6 and 16, as well as a brand new chapter on the action of carbon as an additive to the negative active material and the utilization of the lead-carbon supercapacitor electrodes. Substantial revisions of other chapters have been made, making the book beneficial for battery researchers, engineers and technologists. Written by a world authority on lead-acid batteries in a comprehensive and unified manner Includes new chapters on lead-acid batteries operating in the HRPSoC duty for hybrid electric vehicle applications and on lead-carbon electrodes Presents a comprehensive overview of the theory of the technological processes of lead-acid battery manufacture and their influence on battery performance parameters Proposes optimum conditions for individual technological processes that would yield superior structures of the lead and lead dioxide active masses Discusses the processes involved in the closed oxygen cycle in VRLAB and the thermal phenomena leading to thermal runaway (TRA)
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Battery Reference Book

Author: Thomas P J Crompton

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080499953

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 800

View: 1712

Crompton's Battery Reference Book has become the standard reference source for a wide range of professionals and students involved in designing, manufacturing, and specifying products and systems that use batteries. This book is unique in providing extensive data on specific battery types, manufacturers and suppliers, as well as covering the theory - an aspect of the book which makes an updated edition important for every professional's library. The coverage of different types of battery is fully comprehensive, ranging from minute button cells to large installations weighing several hundred tonnes. Must-have information and data on all classes of battery in an accessible form Essential reference for design engineers in automotive and aerospace applications, telecommunications equipment, household appliances, etc. Informs you of developments over the past five years
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Advances in Batteries for Medium and Large-Scale Energy Storage

Types and Applications

Author: C Menictas,M Skyllas-Kazacos,T M Lim

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1782420223

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 634

View: 1849

As energy produced from renewable sources is increasingly integrated into the electricity grid, interest in energy storage technologies for grid stabilisation is growing. This book reviews advances in battery technologies and applications for medium and large-scale energy storage. Chapters address advances in nickel, sodium and lithium-based batteries. Other chapters review other emerging battery technologies such as metal-air batteries and flow batteries. The final section of the book discuses design considerations and applications of batteries in remote locations and for grid-scale storage. Reviews advances in battery technologies and applications for medium and large-scale energy storage Examines battery types, including zing-based, lithium-air and vanadium redox flow batteries Analyses design issues and applications of these technologies
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Electrochemical Energy Storage for Renewable Sources and Grid Balancing

Author: Patrick T. Moseley,Jürgen Garche

Publisher: Newnes

ISBN: 0444626107

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 492

View: 5389

Electricity from renewable sources of energy is plagued by fluctuations (due to variations in wind strength or the intensity of insolation) resulting in a lack of stability if the energy supplied from such sources is used in ‘real time’. An important solution to this problem is to store the energy electrochemically (in a secondary battery or in hydrogen and its derivatives) and to make use of it in a controlled fashion at some time after it has been initially gathered and stored. Electrochemical battery storage systems are the major technologies for decentralized storage systems and hydrogen is the only solution for long-term storage systems to provide energy during extended periods of low wind speeds or solar insolation. Future electricity grid design has to include storage systems as a major component for grid stability and for security of supply. The technology of systems designed to achieve this regulation of the supply of renewable energy, and a survey of the markets that they will serve, is the subject of this book. It includes economic aspects to guide the development of technology in the right direction. Provides state-of-the-art information on all of the storage systems together with an assessment of competing technologies Features detailed technical, economic and environmental impact information of different storage systems Contains information about the challenges that must be faced for batteries and hydrogen-storage to be used in conjunction with a fluctuating (renewable energy) power supply
Posted in Technology & Engineering

The Handbook of Lithium-Ion Battery Pack Design

Chemistry, Components, Types and Terminology

Author: John T Warner

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 012801668X

Category: Science

Page: 262

View: 2779

The Handbook of Lithium-Ion Battery Pack Design: Chemistry, Components, Types and Terminology offers to the reader a clear and concise explanation of how Li-ion batteries are designed from the perspective of a manager, sales person, product manager or entry level engineer who is not already an expert in Li-ion battery design. It will offer a layman’s explanation of the history of vehicle electrification, what the various terminology means, and how to do some simple calculations that can be used in determining basic battery sizing, capacity, voltage and energy. By the end of this book the reader has a solid understanding of all of the terminology around Li-ion batteries and is able to do some simple battery calculations. The book is immensely useful to beginning and experienced engineer alike who are moving into the battery field. Li-ion batteries are one of the most unique systems in automobiles today in that they combine multiple engineering disciplines, yet most engineering programs focus on only a single engineering field. This book provides you with a reference to the history, terminology and design criteria needed to understand the Li-ion battery and to successfully lay out a new battery concept. Whether you are an electrical engineer, a mechanical engineer or a chemist this book helps you better appreciate the inter-relationships between the various battery engineering fields that are required to understand the battery as an Energy Storage System. Offers an easy explanation of battery terminology and enables better understanding of batteries, their components and the market place. Demonstrates simple battery scaling calculations in an easy to understand description of the formulas Describes clearly the various components of a Li-ion battery and their importance Explains the differences between various Li-ion cell types and chemistries and enables the determination which chemistry and cell type is appropriate for which application Outlines the differences between battery types, e.g., power vs energy battery Presents graphically different vehicle configurations: BEV, PHEV, HEV Includes brief history of vehicle electrification and its future
Posted in Science

Handbook of Recycling

State-of-the-art for Practitioners, Analysts, and Scientists

Author: Ernst Worrell,Markus Reuter

Publisher: Newnes

ISBN: 0123965063

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 600

View: 2574

Winner of the International Solid Waste Association's 2014 Publication Award, Handbook of Recycling is an authoritative review of the current state-of-the-art of recycling, reuse and reclamation processes commonly implemented today and how they interact with one another. The book addresses several material flows, including iron, steel, aluminum and other metals, pulp and paper, plastics, glass, construction materials, industrial by-products, and more. It also details various recycling technologies as well as recovery and collection techniques. To completely round out the picture of recycling, the book considers policy and economic implications, including the impact of recycling on energy use, sustainable development, and the environment. With contemporary recycling literature scattered across disparate, unconnected articles, this book is a crucial aid to students and researchers in a range of disciplines, from materials and environmental science to public policy studies. Portrays recent and emerging technologies in metal recycling, by-product utilization and management of post-consumer waste Uses life cycle analysis to show how to reclaim valuable resources from mineral and metallurgical wastes Uses examples from current professional and industrial practice, with policy and economic implications
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Maintenance-free batteries

lead-acid, nickel/cadmium, nickel/metal hydride : a handbook of battery technology

Author: Dietrich Berndt

Publisher: Research Studies Pre

ISBN: 9780863801983

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 496

View: 4666

Significant advances have been made in the development of maintenance-free batteries during the last few years. Written by an internationally known expert in the field, this book provides a comprehensive and up-to-date account of the theory and practice of the three main types of maintenance-free batteries based on aqueous electrolytes that are in use today. Since publication of the first edition in 1993, the book has been considerably revised and expanded and includes new material on nickel/metal hydride batteries and corrosion of electrodes. Special features of this book include: Describes fundamental features of lead-acid, nickel/cadmium, and nickel/metal hydride battery systems in detail. Relates quantitative electrochemical theory to the design and choice of appropriate batteries for the various applications. Includes numerous examples of applications of maintenance-free batteries - e.g. in the power supply, electronic equipment and telecommunications industries. Gives practical information on the parameters that influence the performance and characteristics of batteries and their behaviour in the field.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Science and Engineering of Materials, SI Edition

Author: Donald R. Askeland,Wendelin J. Wright

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 130544633X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 960

View: 2027

Succeed in your materials science course with THE SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING OF MATERIALS, 7e. Filled with built-in study tools to help you master key concepts, this proven book will help you develop an understanding of the relationship between structure, processing, and properties of materials and will serve as a useful reference for future courses in manufacturing, materials, design, or materials selection. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Innovating Energy Access for Remote Areas: Discovering Untapped Resources

Proceedings of the International Conference; April 10th to 12th, 2014; University of Berkeley

Author: Schäfer, Martina,Kammen, Daniel,Kebir, Noara,Philipp, Daniel

Publisher: Universitätsverlag der TU Berlin

ISBN: 3798326932

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 171

View: 3663

This volume centers on the idea that innovative approaches for energy access can work with previously underutilized or unrecognized resources, as this may lead to circumstances for the development of successful and sustainable energy programs. Such untapped resources may be seen in the discovering of synergies in areas such as pre-existing service infrastructures, supply chain and value chain management, natural resource availability, financing schemes, and leap frog technologies. Additionally, decentralized approaches can contribute to climate change adaptation measures and increase resiliency for vulnerable communities. Of course small-scale solutions have clear limitations in regard to global climate, and it is important to consider how far they can extend and aggregate impact. This book assembles a selection of articles, collected from the 2014 Energy Access Conference at UC Berkeley, aiming to consider technical, financial, human, institutional, and natural resource capital. Im Fokus der Konferenz “Innovating Energy Access for Remote Areas: Discovering Untapped Resources”, die vom 10. bis zum 12. April 2014 an der University of California stattfand, war der Zugang zu moderner Energieversorgung in strukturschwachen Regionen. Dieser Tagungsband trägt eine Reihe von innovativen Ansätzen zusammen, die auf der Konferenz diskutiert wurden. In den Beiträgen spiegeln sich aktuelle Konzepte, Theorien, Methoden und Techniken im Bereich der dezentralen Energieversorgung. Im Mittelpunkt vieler Beiträge steht die Frage, wie sich vormals ungenutzte oder unbekannte lokale Ressourcen nutzbar machen lassen. Neue Potentiale ergeben sich aus Synergien zwischen supply and value innovation, neuen Finanzierungsansätzen und der Nutzung sogenannte „leapgfrog technologies“. Die Beiträge zeigen, wie dezentrale Ansätze und kleinteilige lokale Lösungen zur Bekämpfung des Klimawandels und die Anpassung an seine Folgen beitragen und die Resilienz gefährdeter Gemeinschaften stärken können.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Battery Systems Engineering

Author: Christopher D. Rahn,Chao-Yang Wang

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118517059

Category: Science

Page: 256

View: 9393

A complete all-in-one reference on the important interdisciplinary topic of Battery Systems Engineering Focusing on the interdisciplinary area of battery systems engineering, this book provides the background, models, solution techniques, and systems theory that are necessary for the development of advanced battery management systems. It covers the topic from the perspective of basic electrochemistry as well as systems engineering topics and provides a basis for battery modeling for system engineering of electric and hybrid electric vehicle platforms. This original approach gives a useful overview for systems engineers in chemical, mechanical, electrical, or aerospace engineering who are interested in learning more about batteries and how to use them effectively. Chemists, material scientists, and mathematical modelers can also benefit from this book by learning how their expertise affects battery management. Approaches a topic which has experienced phenomenal growth in recent years Topics covered include: Electrochemistry; Governing Equations; Discretization Methods; System Response and Battery Management Systems Include tables, illustrations, photographs, graphs, worked examples, homework problems, and references, to thoroughly illustrate key material Ideal for engineers working in the mechanical, electrical, and chemical fields as well as graduate students in these areas A valuable resource for Scientists and Engineers working in the battery or electric vehicle industries, Graduate students in mechanical engineering, electrical engineering, chemical engineering.
Posted in Science

Off Grid Solar

A Handbook for Photovoltaics With Lead-acid Or Lithium-ion Batteries

Author: Joseph P. O'connor

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781537622613

Category:

Page: 180

View: 1014

Off Grid Solar is a pocket guide and quick reference for anyone looking to build an electrical energy system with the free sunshine available to us all. "The limitations to widespread solar are not centered on the cost, the efficiency, or the need for advancements in technology. The limitations are solely due to the lack of widespread knowledge on the subject." With that philosophy at heart, solar and battery expert Joseph P. O'Connor draws from his years of experience to craft a how-to guide needed by everyone around the world. Founder of OCON Energy Consulting, O'Connor has conducted and taught the installation/maintenance of Off Grid solar projects to people and communities as far away as the central African rainforest and right in his own backyard of Oakland, California. For anyone interested in harvesting their own solar energy completely detached from the grid, this is the book for you. Thanks to straightforward explanations for readers of all levels, this book establishes a familiarity with the basic low cost components alongside the most innovative technologies. With this knowledge the reader can make better decisions based on their technology needs, rather than simply trusting the recommendations from others. Need to keep costs down? How many solar panels are needed to refill the batteries? What is the best way to angle your solar panels? On projects both big and small, Joe's got you covered.
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Practical Handbook of Photovoltaics

Fundamentals and Applications

Author: Augustin Joseph McEvoy,T. Markvart,Luis Castañer

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0123859344

Category: Science

Page: 1244

View: 8981

As part of the growing sustainable and renewable energy movement, the design, manufacture and use of photovoltaic devices is increasing in pace and frequency. The Handbook of Photovoltaics will be a 'benchmark' publication for those involved in the design, manufacture and use of these devices. The Handbook covers the principles of solar cell function, the raw materials, photovoltaic systems, standards, calibration, testing, economics and case studies. The editors have assembled a cast of internationally-respected contributors from industry and academia. The report is essential reading for: Physicists, electronic engineers, designers of systems, installers, architects, policy-makers relating to photovoltaics. A thorough update to the 'benchmark' publication from a cast of industrial and academic international experts ensures top quality information from multiple stakeholder perspectives Covers all things PV- from principles of solar cells and their raw materials, to the installation and design of full PV systems, including standards, testing, economics and environmental impacts Case studies, practical examples and reports on the latest advances take the new edition of this amazing resource beyond a vast collection of knowledge, into the realm of real world applications
Posted in Science

Nanoparticle Technology Handbook

Author: Makio Naito,Toyokazu Yokoyama,Kouhei Hosokawa,Kiyoshi Nogi

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0444641114

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 904

View: 5993

Nanoparticle Technology Handbook, Third Edition, is an updated and expanded authoritative reference providing both the theory behind nanoparticles and the practical applications of nanotechnology. This third edition features twenty new chapters, providing a reference much broader in scope than the previous edition. Over 140 experts in nanotechnology and/or particle technology contributed to this new edition. The book not only includes the theory behind nanoparticles, but also the practical applications of nanotechnology. It examines future possibilities and new innovations and contains important knowledge on nanoparticle characterization and the effect of nanoparticles on the environment and humans. Nanoparticle technology is a new and revolutionary technology, which is increasingly used in electronic devices and nanomaterials. It handles the preparation, processing, application and characterization of nanoparticles and has become the core of nanotechnology as an extension of conventional fine particle/powder technology. Nanoparticle technology plays an important role in the implementation of nanotechnology in many engineering and industrial fields, including electronic devices, advanced ceramics, new batteries, engineered catalysts, functional paint and ink, drug delivery system, biotechnology, etc., making use of the unique properties of nanoparticles, which are completely different from those of bulk materials. Introduces all aspects of nanoparticle technology, from the fundamentals to applications Cover basic information on preparation through to the characterization of nanoparticles in a systematic way Features information on nanostructures, which play an important role in practical applications Includes the effects of nanoparticles on human health and the environment Includes applications of nanoparticles in diverse fields, including applications in new areas, such as electronics cosmetics, etc. Offers up-to-date information given by specialists in each field
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Lead Acid Battery. Attacking Sulphate Passivation and Cyclability Problems

Author: Ramasamy Kulandaivel Saminathan

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 3668541515

Category: Science

Page: 263

View: 2470

Project Report from the year 2006 in the subject Chemistry - Physical and Theoretical Chemistry, grade: 10, , language: English, abstract: Lead acid battery system, which is the principal focus of the present investigation, is given a detailed treatment. Technical developments in lead acid battery systems find a mention here. All the technical terms concerned with this battery system are briefed. The requirements of grid materials in terms of their mechanical strength, corrosion resistance, conductivity, alloying effect etc are described. The second chapter presents a detailed survey of the status of research with regarded to the battery system. Further this chapter mentions the following as the scope of the investigation. [...]
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Handbook Of Solid State Batteries (Second Edition)

Author: Dudney Nancy J,West William C,Nanda Jagjit

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9814651915

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 836

View: 1663

Solid-state batteries hold the promise of providing energy storage with high volumetric and gravimetric energy densities at high power densities, yet with far less safety issues relative to those associated with conventional liquid or gel-based lithium-ion batteries. Solid-state batteries are envisioned to be useful for a broad spectrum of energy storage applications, including powering automobiles and portable electronic devices, as well as stationary storage and load-leveling of renewably generated energy. This comprehensive handbook covers a wide range of topics related to solid-state batteries, including advanced enabling characterization techniques, fundamentals of solid-state systems, novel solid electrolyte systems, interfaces, cell-level studies, and three-dimensional architectures. It is directed at physicists, chemists, materials scientists, electrochemists, electrical engineers, battery technologists, and evaluators of present and future generations of power sources. This handbook serves as a reference text providing state-of-the-art reviews on solid-state battery technologies, as well as providing insights into likely future developments in the field. It is extensively annotated with comprehensive references useful to the student and practitioners in the field.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

The Battery

How Portable Power Sparked a Technological Revolution

Author: Henry Schlesinger

Publisher: Harper Collins

ISBN: 0061985295

Category: Science

Page: 320

View: 4379

“Henry Schlesinger is playful and intelligent and obscenely well read.” — Richard Zacks, author of The Pirate Hunter "Henry Schlesinger’s fascinating and superbly researched history of the battery is the story of civilization as we know it." — Michael Belfiore, author of The Department of Mad Scientists Henry Schlesinger’s The Battery is the first popular history of the technology that harnessed electricity and powered the greatest scientific and technological advances of our time. If you like Wired Magazine and popular science books, you'll love the "hidden history" of The Battery.
Posted in Science

The Impact of Science on Society

Author: Isaac Asimov,A. S. a. N. A. S. a.

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781410224378

Category: Science

Page: 108

View: 5481

CONTENTS:ForewordThe Legacy of ScienceJames BurkeAccomplishments of Science by the Year 2000Jules BergmanOur Future in the Cosmos ? ComputersIsaac AsimovOur Future in the Cosmos ? SpaceIsaac Asimov
Posted in Science

Linden's Handbook of Batteries, 4th Edition

Author: Thomas Reddy

Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional

ISBN: 0071624198

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1200

View: 2980

The most complete and up-to-date guide to battery technology and selection Thoroughly revised throughout, Linden's Handbook of Batteries, Fourth Editions provides authoritative coverage of the characteristics, properties, and performance of every major battery type. New information on emerging battery systems and their applications is included in this definitive volume. International experts offer unparalleled technical guidance on using leading-edge technologies, materials, and methods in new designs and products, and selecting the most suitable battery for a particular application. All of the in-depth data you need is contained in this comprehensive resource. The book will be useful to graduate students, battery researchers, applications engineers, and all others interested in the state-of-the-art in battery technology. Linden's Handbook of Batteries, Fourth Edition covers: PRINCIPLES OF OPERATION PRIMARY AND SECONDARY BATTERIES SPECIALIZED BATTERY SYSTEMS FUEL CELLS AND ELECTROCHEMICAL CAPACITORS Includes new chapters on: Battery modeling Battery electrolytes Lithium-ion batteries Battery selection for consumer electronics Batteries for electric, hybrid, and plug-in hybrid vehicles Batteries for electrical energy storage systems Batteries for biomedical applications Button cell batteries Batteries for military and space applications, including reserve water-activated and reserve military batteries Electrochemical capacitors
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Lead-acid batteries

Author: Hans Bode

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: N.A

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 387

View: 9877

Posted in Technology & Engineering