The Laws of Imitation

Author: Gabriel de Tarde

Publisher: N.A


Category: Imitation

Page: 404

View: 5427

Posted in Imitation

Education and heredity

A study in sociology

Author: Jean-Marie Guyau

Publisher: N.A


Category: Education

Page: 306

View: 4581

Posted in Education

Contributions to L'Année Sociologique

Author: Emile Durkheim

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 9781439119891

Category: History

Page: 544

View: 1899

These reviews, notices, and introductory sections by a major figure in intellectual history represent more than a decade of effort to define and clarify a new form of scientific investigation. Together, they offer a suggestive new picture of Emile Durkheim as "Scholarch" of the "French School" and master of a whole school of social thought. For fifteen years, Emile Durkheim worked on the journal L'Annee Sociologique—selecting, editing, writing, and shaping the goals and methods of the "French School" of sociology. Now, Durkheim's own contributions to L'Annee are available in English. Classified and explained by Durkheim scholar Yash Nandan, this useful collection clarifies the role of L'Annee Sociologique in the development of scientific sociology; the position of L'Annee in the body of Durkheim's own work and the development of Durkheim's ideas; the importance and function of Durkheim's categories of sociological data; Durkheim's view of contemporaries, including Simmel, Westermarck, Tarde, Glotz, and Steinmetz; the exchange of ideas between historians and the L'Annee group; and the reasons for L'Annee's reputation as a unique publication in the history of sociology. Professor Nandan has organized this material according to Durkheim's own classification system, with major sections on the concepts and methodologies of general, juridic, and moral sociology, criminal sociology, and the statistics on morals. Subdivisions treat issues in law, suicide, social, political, and domestic organization, juridic and moral systems, the social contexts of crime, the sociology of knowledge, political sociology, social history, and historical sociology.
Posted in History

Sociology For Dummies

Author: Nasar Meer,Jay Gabler

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781119991847

Category: Social Science

Page: 400

View: 8612

Sociology For Dummies helps you understand the complex field of sociology, serving as the ideal study guide both when you're deciding to take a class as well as when you are already participating in a course. Avoiding jargon, Sociology For Dummies will get you up to speed on this widely studied topic in no time. Sociology For Dummies, UK Edition: Provides a general overview of what sociology is as well as an in-depth look at some of the major concepts and theories. Offers examples of how sociology can be applied and its importance to everyday life Features an in-depth look at social movements and political sociology Helps you discover how to conduct sociological research Offers advice and tips for thinking about the world in an objective way
Posted in Social Science

The Glory of Van Gogh

An Anthropology of Admiration

Author: Nathalie Heinich

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691021225

Category: Art

Page: 218

View: 1755

The image of the great artist as a suffering visionary is a recent invention, observes sociologist Nathalie Heinich--an invention rooted in the "canonization" of Vincent van Gogh as a cultural hero for the twentieth century. Heinich explores how and why the impoverished and mentally tormented van Gogh came to be glorified shortly after his suicide at the age of 37. Did the secular art world need a rebel-saint of its own? In considering this possibility, the author explores the history of efforts to celebrate van Gogh, whether in biographies or on T-shirts, showing how the details of his life have been constructed according to the pattern of a Christian saint's rise to recognition. These biographical details circulated first as anecdotes, then as historical truths, and finally became legendary motifs defining individual greatness. At the time of van Gogh's death, early modernists hailed the work of this self-taught painter as that of a reforming prophet. Public interest stirred when the unique and tragic aspects of the artist's personal life came to light. In these stories, the figure of Van Gogh oscillated between godlike asceticism (he lived on very little, did not get married, did not eat much, and devoted his life to his work) and demonic frenzy (he drank, he went to brothels, and offered a piece of his own flesh, his severed ear, to a prostitute). His legend became one of victim and sacrificer, of an accursed artist who gave the world great paintings but paid the heavy price of society's ignorance. Heinich organizes her book around the stages that characterize the life of a saint-deviation, renewal, reconciliation, and pilgrimage, the latter culminating in visits to van Gogh's burial site and the competition to buy his paintings or "relics." Heinich explores the economics of the art market and the themes that make up the van Gogh myth, such as the personalization of artistic grandeur, the celebration of the interiority of the creator, and the glorification of abnormality. By examining the mythology that helps drive artistic investment, she forces us to reconsider the nature of admiration and particularly the notion that obscurity during an artist's lifetime is a guarantee of true genius.
Posted in Art

The Social Fabric of the Networked City

Author: Géraldine Pflieger

Publisher: EPFL Press

ISBN: 9780415461443

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 3604

Constructed around the work of Manuel Castells on the space of places, the space of flows and the networked city, nine contributors focus on the transformation of the fabric of the networked city in terms of policies and social practices.
Posted in Social Science

Economics in the Twentieth Century

The History of its International Development

Author: Theo Suranyi-Unger

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134559747

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 424

View: 3192

This book discusses the history of economic theories, drawing largely from periodical literature, which is often hard to obtain. The book is divided into sections along linguistic lines (German, Romance and English speaking countries).
Posted in Business & Economics

French Philosophy of Technology

Classical Readings and Contemporary Approaches

Author: Sacha Loeve,Xavier Guchet,Bernadette Bensaude Vincent

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319895184

Category: Philosophy

Page: 400

View: 2759

Offering an overall insight into the French tradition of philosophy of technology, this volume is meant to make French-speaking contributions more accessible to the international philosophical community. The first section, “Negotiating a Cultural Heritage,” presents a number of leading 20th century philosophical figures (from Bergson and Canguilhem to Simondon, Dagognet or Ellul) and intellectual movements (from Personalism to French Cybernetics and political ecology) that help shape philosophy of technology in the Francophone area, and feed into contemporary debates (ecology of technology, politics of technology, game studies). The second section, “Coining and Reconfiguring Technoscience,” traces the genealogy of this controversial concept and discusses its meanings and relevance. A third section, “Revisiting Anthropological Categories,” focuses on the relationships of technology with the natural and the human worlds from various perspectives that include anthropotechnology, Anthropocene, technological and vital norms and temporalities. The final section, “Innovating in Ethics, Design and Aesthetics,” brings together contributions that draw on various French traditions to afford fresh insights on ethics of technology, philosophy of design, techno-aesthetics and digital studies. The contributions in this volume are vivid and rich in original approaches that can spur exchanges and debates with other philosophical traditions.
Posted in Philosophy

Social Change in Modern France

Towards a Cultural Anthropology of the Fifth Republic

Author: Henri Mendras,Alistair Cole

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521399982

Category: Social Science

Page: 254

View: 2764

Social Change in Modern France is a concise and lucid account of the profound transformations that have reshaped French society over the past thirty years. The authors show how the characteristic institutions of the Third Republic have been weakened, destroyed, or severely altered in the face of a late and rapid industrialization. The church, the army, the trade unions, the schools, even the French communist party--all have lost their capacity to excite major conflict and tension, and in their stead a series of local institutions, voluntary associations and family ties have arisen, serving as the basic network for social relations and social life. Traditional French "joie de vivre" has assumed new forms, and, the authors maintain, a very sturdy and cohesive society has arisen, based on widespread consensus.
Posted in Social Science

Critique of Everyday Life: Foundations for a sociology of the everyday

Author: Henri Lefebvre

Publisher: Verso

ISBN: 9781859846506

Category: Philosophy

Page: 380

View: 1171

Henri Lefebvre's three-volume Critique of Everyday Life is perhaps the richest, most prescient work by one of the twentieth century's greatest philosophers. The first volume presented an introduction to the concept of everyday life. Written twenty years later, this second volume attempts to establish the necessary formal instruments for analysis, and outlines a series of theoretical categories within everyday life such as the theory of the semantic field and the theory of moments. The moment at which the book appeared—1961—was significant both for France and for Lefebvre himself: he was just beginning his career as a lecturer in sociology at Strasbourg, and then at Nanterre, and many of the ideas which were influential in the events leading up to 1968 are to be found in this critique. In its impetuous, often undisciplined prose, the reader may catch a glimpse of how charismatic a lecturer Lefebvre must have been.
Posted in Philosophy

A Critical Dictionary of Sociology

Author: Raymond Boudon,Francois Bourricaud

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134978987

Category: Social Science

Page: 452

View: 7037

Unlike most other sociology or social science dictionaries, in this translation of the Critical Dictionary of Sociology, taken from the second French edition of the Dictionary and edited by the English sociologist Peter Hamilton, the critical value of this distinctive work is at last made available for a wider audience. Each entry grapples directly with an issue, whether theoretical, epistemological, philosophical, political or empirical, and provides a strong statement of what the authors think about it. The discussions are considered but argumentative. By reaffirming that a non-marxist style of critique is still possible, Boudon and Bourricaud have presented a distinctive approach to the key issues which confront the societies of the Twentieth and Twenty-First centuries. For some this work will be a textbook, for others an indispensable sourcebook of sociological concepts, and for most a way of opening our eyes to new dimensions in our understanding of the great ideas and theories of sociology.
Posted in Social Science

Social Thought from Lore to Science

Author: Harry Elmer Barnes,Howard Paul Becker

Publisher: N.A


Category: Sociology

Page: 1178

View: 8754

Posted in Sociology

Modern Marriage and Its Cost to Women

A Sociological Look at Marriage in France

Author: François de Singly

Publisher: University of Delaware Press

ISBN: 9780874135725

Category: Social Science

Page: 246

View: 2880

"Modern Marriage and Its Cost to Women examines the price women have to pay for marriage, socially and culturally. Its basic premise reunites feminist theory and the work of Pierre Bourdieu, and it is supported by data from the numerous quantitative and qualitative studies that have been carried out in France." "Rejecting a separation of family studies and gender studies, Francois de Singly offers a systematic framework to explain how the manner in which the contemporary family functions penalizes women by preventing them from defending properly their social interests and their academic capital."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved
Posted in Social Science

A Dying Colonialism

Author: Frantz Fanon

Publisher: Grove/Atlantic, Inc.

ISBN: 9780802150271

Category: History

Page: 181

View: 3289

An incisive and illuminating account of how, during the Algerian Revolution, the people of Algeria changed centuries-old cultural patterns and embraced certain ancient cultural practices long derided by their colonialist oppressors as primitive, in order to destroy those same oppressors. Fanon uses the fifth year of the Algerian Revolution as a point of departure for an explication of the inevitable dynamics of colonial oppression.
Posted in History

Les grands courants de la pensée sociologique par les textes - Edition 1999

Author: Annie Devinant

Publisher: Hachette Éducation

ISBN: 2011818621

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 160

View: 1661

Une anthologie commentée, précédée de repères bio-bibliographiques, des textes incontournables de la sociologie, depuis les fondateurs de la discipline jusqu'aux contemporains.
Posted in Literary Criticism

Main Currents in Sociological Thought: Volume 2

Durkheim, Pareto, Weber

Author: Raymond Aron

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0429836716

Category: Social Science

Page: 268

View: 4552

This is the second of Raymond Aron's classic two-volume survey of the sociological tradition – arguably the definitive work of its kind. Aron explores the work of three figures who profoundly shaped sociology as it entered the twentieth century: Émile Durkheim, who continued Auguste Comte's quest for a science of society and a scientific validation of morality; Vilfredo Pareto, the Italian "neo-Machiavellian" who emphasized the oligarchic or elitist character of all societies; and the German sociologist Max Weber, who reflected critically on the prospects for human freedom in an age marked by bureaucratization and rationalization. Aron presents rich portraits of these three thinkers, drawing out the enduring insights that remain in their work. At the same time he reflects critically on Durkheim's project for a science of society, Pareto's critique of humanitarianism, and Weber's tragic pessimism. Above all the book is remarkable for demonstrating Aron’s lifelong indebtedness to and divergence from the thought of Max Weber, the sociologist par excellence, in Aron's view. This Routledge Classics edition includes an introduction by Daniel J. Mahoney and Brian C. Anderson. ? ?
Posted in Social Science

The Passion for Music: A Sociology of Mediation

Author: Antoine Hennion

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351541668

Category: Music

Page: 352

View: 9842

Music is an accumulation of mediators: instruments, languages, sheets, performers, scenes, media and so on. There is no musical object ?in itself?; music must always be made again. In this innovative book, Hennion turns the elusiveness of music into a resource for a pragmatic analysis: by which collective process do we make music appear among us? Rather than offering a sociology of music, The Passion for Music listens to the lesson provided by the case of music - this art of infinite mediations. Learning from music allows us to transform the paradigm to be offered by sociology, by confronting it (from Durkheim and Weber to Bourdieu) with a different way of considering objects. For this task, Hennion draws on aesthetics (Adorno) and art history (Haskell, Baxandall), as well as science and technology studies and popular music studies (Latour, Frith, DeNora). As part of that project, The Passion for Music presents a wide-ranging series of case studies, restoring attention to the rich and varied intermediaries through which music is brought to life: from the debate around the reinterpretation of baroque music, to the classroom, the rock scene, the classical music concert, Bach?s ?social career? in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, and the practices of music ?amateurs? today. This is the first English translation of one of the most important works of French scholarship on music and society.
Posted in Music