Justices, Presidents, and Senators

A History of the U.S. Supreme Court Appointments from Washington to Bush II

Author: Henry Julian Abraham

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780742558953

Category: History

Page: 439

View: 736

Explains how United States presidents select justices for the Supreme Court, evaluates the performance of each justice, and examines the influence of politics on their selection.
Posted in History

Justices, Presidents, and Senators

A History of the U.S. Supreme Court Appointments from Washington to Bush II

Author: Henry Julian Abraham

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780742558953

Category: History

Page: 439

View: 5882

Explains how United States presidents select justices for the Supreme Court, evaluates the performance of each justice, and examines the influence of politics on their selection.
Posted in History

Justices, Presidents, and Senators

A History of the U.S. Supreme Court Appointments from Washington to Bush II

Author: Henry J. Abraham

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers

ISBN: 1461602483

Category: Political Science

Page: 480

View: 9552

Revised to include the last eight years of Supreme Court decisions and nominations, this updated classic is the most comprehensive and accessible history of the first 110 members of the U.S. Supreme Court ever written. Henry J. Abraham, one of the nation's preeminent scholars of the judicial branch, addresses the vital questions of why individual justices were nominated to the highest court, how their nominations were received by legislators of the day, whether the appointees ultimately lived up to the expectations of the American public, and the legacy of their jurisprudence on the development of American law and society. Abraham's insights into the history of the Supreme Court are unrivaled by other studies of the subject, and among his numerous observations is that fully one-fifth of its members were viewed as failures by the presidents who appointed them. Enhanced by photographs of every justice from 1789 to 2007, Abraham's eloquent writing and meticulous research guarantee that this book will interest both general readers and scholars.
Posted in Political Science

Justices, Presidents, and Senators

A History of the U.S. Supreme Court Appointments from Washington to Clinton

Author: Henry Julian Abraham

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780847696055

Category: History

Page: 429

View: 2861

Totally revised and updated, this classic history of the 108 members of the U.S. Supreme addresses the vital questions of why individual justices were nominated to the highest court, how their nominations were received, whether the appointees ultimately lived up to the expectations of the American public, and what their legacy was on the development of American law and society.
Posted in History

Strategic Selection

Presidential Nomination of Supreme Court Justices from Herbert Hoover Through George W. Bush

Author: Christine L. Nemacheck

Publisher: University of Virginia Press

ISBN: 9780813927435

Category: Political Science

Page: 187

View: 8426

The process by which presidents decide whom to nominate to fill Supreme Court vacancies is obviously of far-ranging importance, particularly because the vast majority of nominees are eventually confirmed. But why is one individual selected from among a pool of presumably qualified candidates? In Strategic Selection: Presidential Nomination of Supreme Court Justices from Herbert Hoover through George W. Bush, Christine Nemacheck makes heavy use of presidential papers to reconstruct the politics of nominee selection from Herbert Hoover’s appointment of Charles Evan Hughes in 1930 through President George W. Bush’s nomination of Samuel Alito in 2005. Bringing to light firsthand evidence of selection politics and of the influence of political actors, such as members of Congress and presidential advisors, from the initial stages of formulating a short list through the president’s final selection of a nominee, Nemacheck constructs a theoretical framework that allows her to assess the factors impacting a president’s selection process. Much work on Supreme Court nominations focuses on struggles over confirmation, or is heavily based on anecdotal material and posits the "idiosyncratic" nature of the selection process; in contrast, Strategic Selection points to systematic patterns in judicial selection. Nemacheck argues that although presidents try to maximize their ideological preferences and minimize uncertainty about nominees’ conduct once they are confirmed, institutional factors that change over time, such as divided government and the institutionalism of the presidency, shape and constrain their choices. By revealing the pattern of strategic action, which she argues is visible from the earliest stages of the selection process, Nemacheck takes us a long way toward understanding this critically important part of our political system.
Posted in Political Science

FDR and Chief Justice Hughes

The President, the Supreme Court, and the Epic Battle Over the New Deal

Author: James F. Simon

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 1416578897

Category: History

Page: 480

View: 7121

By the author of acclaimed books on the bitter clashes between Jefferson and Chief Justice Marshall on the shaping of the nation’s constitutional future, and between Lincoln and Chief Justice Taney over slavery, secession, and the presidential war powers. Roosevelt and Chief Justice Hughes's fight over the New Deal was the most critical struggle between an American president and a chief justice in the twentieth century. The confrontation threatened the New Deal in the middle of the nation’s worst depression. The activist president bombarded the Democratic Congress with a fusillade of legislative remedies that shut down insolvent banks, regulated stocks, imposed industrial codes, rationed agricultural production, and employed a quarter million young men in the Civilian Conservation Corps. But the legislation faced constitutional challenges by a conservative bloc on the Court determined to undercut the president. Chief Justice Hughes often joined the Court’s conservatives to strike down major New Deal legislation. Frustrated, FDR proposed a Court-packing plan. His true purpose was to undermine the ability of the life-tenured Justices to thwart his popular mandate. Hughes proved more than a match for Roosevelt in the ensuing battle. In grudging admiration for Hughes, FDR said that the Chief Justice was the best politician in the country. Despite the defeat of his plan, Roosevelt never lost his confidence and, like Hughes, never ceded leadership. He outmaneuvered isolationist senators, many of whom had opposed his Court-packing plan, to expedite aid to Great Britain as the Allies hovered on the brink of defeat. He then led his country through World War II.
Posted in History

Pursuit of Justices

Presidential Politics and the Selection of Supreme Court Nominees

Author: David Alistair Yalof

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226945460

Category: Law

Page: 312

View: 5174

Yalof takes the reader behind the scenes of what happens before the Senate hearings to show how presidents decide who will sit on the highest court in the land. He draws on the papers of 7 modern presidents and firsthand interviews with key figures.
Posted in Law

Grand Inquests

The Historic Impeachments Of Justice Samuel Chase And President Andrew Johnson

Author: William Rehnquist

Publisher: Harper Perennial

ISBN: 9780688171711

Category: Law

Page: 304

View: 2617

For only the second time in American history, the president has been impeached by the House of Representatives and is facing trial by the United States Senate. At such a critical point in our history as a nation, the question is "What comes next?" Most Americans have only a vague notion of the history surrounding the first presidential impeachment trial. So, where do we go for answers? Here in Grand Inquests, Chief Justice William H. Rehnquist provides dramatic accounts of two historic impeachment trials in the American past. With a keen sense of history and narrative ability, he recounts the 1805 trial of Justice Samuel Chase of the United States Supreme Court and the 1868 trial of President Andrew Johnson, which set the precedent by which our current president will be judged. The outcomes of these cases have remained extraordinarily important to the American system of government because they strengthened the constitutionally directed separation of powers. And though both men were acquitted, Chief Justice Rehnquist shows how a conviction in either case would also have deeply affected our present interpretation of the Constitution -- and, more likely, changed the course of history.
Posted in Law

The Political Thought of Justice Antonin Scalia

A Hamiltonian on the Supreme Court

Author: James Brian Staab

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780742543119

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 369

View: 5474

The Political Thought of Justice Antonin Scalia explores the similarities in political and constitutional thought between Justice Antonin Scalia and Alexander Hamilton and concludes that Hamilton holds the key to understanding Justice Scalia's past, present, and future decisions. From the fundamental premises of human nature to federalism, James B. Staab uses comparisons between the two men to find the underlying judicial philosophy that connects Justice Scalia's manifold decisions.
Posted in Biography & Autobiography

The Warren Court and the Pursuit of Justice

Author: Morton J. Horwitz

Publisher: Macmillan

ISBN: 9780809016259

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 132

View: 1795

The Hill and Wang Critical Issues Series: concise, affordable works on pivotal topics in American history, society, and politics. The men who made up the Supreme Court when Earl Warren was Chief Justice (1953-69) changed America forever, and their decisions are still affecting constitutional law today. This overview of the Warren Court focuses on its landmark cases and enduring legacy.
Posted in Biography & Autobiography

Leaving the Bench

Supreme Court Justices at the End

Author: David Neal Atkinson

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 248

View: 7232

Life appointments make Supreme Court justices among the most powerful officials in government and allow even dysfunctional judges to stay on long after they should have departed. For that reason, when a justice leaves the bench is often as controversial as when he's appointed. This first comprehensive historical treatment of their deaths, resignations, and retirements explains when and why justices do step down. It considers the diverse circumstances under which they leave office and clarifies why they often are reluctant to, showing how factors like pensions, party loyalty, or personal pride come into play. It also relates physical ailments to mental faculties, offering examples of how a justice's disability sometimes affects Court decisions.
Posted in Biography & Autobiography

With Liberty and Justice

The Fifty-Day Journey from Egypt to Sinai

Author: Joe Lieberman,Ari D. Kahn

Publisher: Maggid

ISBN: 9781592645015

Category: Religion

Page: 184

View: 2456

Passover and Shavuot are two acts in the same drama. The Exodus on Passover remains incomplete without the Revelation on Shavuot. Charting the fifty-day count of the Omer between the two holidays, Senator Joe Lieberman together with Rabbi Ari Kahn presents fifty short essays on the interplay of law and liberty in our lives. Drawing on the Bible and rabbinic literature, US politics and modern legal theory, Jewish humor and American folklore, the authors follow the annual journey from Egypt to Sinai, illustrating that there can be no liberty without law, no freedom without justice.
Posted in Religion

Advise and Consent

Author: Allen Drury

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781614750789

Category: Fiction

Page: 690

View: 9924

The #1 New York Times bestseller and Pulitzer Prize winner Allen Drury's Advise and Consent is one of the high points of 20th Century literature, a seminal work of political fiction-as relevant today as when it was first published. A sweeping tale of corruption and ambition cuts across the landscape of Washington, DC, with the breadth and realism that only an astute observer and insider can convey. Allen Drury has penetrated the world's stormiest political battleground-the smoke-filled committee rooms of the United States Senate-to reveal the bitter conflicts set in motion when the President calls upon the Senate to confirm his controversial choice for Secretary of State. This novel is a true epic showing in fascinating detail the minds and motives of the statesmen, the opportunists, the idealists. From a Senate old-timer's wily maneuvers, a vicious demagogue's blistering smear campaign, the ugly personal jealousies that turn a highly qualified candidate into a public spectacle, to the tragic martyrdom of a presidential aspirant who refuses to sacrifice his principles for his career-never has there been a more revealing picture of Washington's intricate political, diplomatic, and social worlds. Advise and Consent is a timeless story with clear echoes of today's headlines. Includes Allen Drury's never-before-published original preface to Advise and Consent, his essay for the Hoover Institution on the writing of the book, as well as poignant personal memoirs from Drury's heirs.
Posted in Fiction

A History of the Supreme Court

Author: Bernard Schwartz

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780195093872

Category: History

Page: 465

View: 361

A comprehensive history of the United States Supreme Court from its ill-esteemed beginning in 1790 to one of the most important and controversial branches of the Federal government.
Posted in History

The Bluebook

A Uniform System of Citation

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9789998255289

Category: Citation of legal authorities

Page: 415

View: 6367

Provides a guide to legal citation information inthe United States. Compiled from the Columbia LawReview, 105th edition, c2005; Harvard Law Review,118th edition, c2005; Univ. of Pennsylvania LawReview, 153rd edition, c2005; and the Yale LawJournal, 114th edition, c2005. New edition offersthe Bluepages for beginning law students.
Posted in Citation of legal authorities

Eisenhower vs. Warren: The Battle for Civil Rights and Liberties

Author: James F. Simon

Publisher: Liveright Publishing

ISBN: 0871407663

Category: History

Page: 464

View: 1370

The epic 1950s battle that would shape the legal future of the civil rights movement is chronicled here for the first time. The bitter feud between President Dwight D. Eisenhower and Chief Justice Earl Warren framed the tumultuous future of the modern civil rights movement. Eisenhower was a gradualist who wanted to coax white Americans in the South into eventually accepting integration, while Warren, author of the Supreme Court’s historic unanimous opinion in Brown v. Board of Education, demanded immediate action to dismantle the segregation of the public school system. In Eisenhower vs. Warren, two-time New York Times Notable Book author James F. Simon examines the years of strife between them that led Eisenhower to say that his biggest mistake as president was appointing that “dumb son of a bitch Earl Warren.” This momentous, poisonous relationship is presented here at last in one volume. Compellingly written, Eisenhower vs. Warren brings to vivid life the clash that continues to reverberate in political and constitutional debates today.
Posted in History

It's Time to Fight Dirty

How Democrats Can Build a Lasting Majority in American Politics

Author: David Faris

Publisher: Melville House

ISBN: 1612196950

Category: Political Science

Page: 208

View: 8773

The American electoral system is clearly failing more horrifically in the 2016 presidential election than ever before. In It's Time to Fight Dirty, David Faris expands on his popular series for 'The Week' to offer party leaders and supporters concrete strategies for lasting political reform - and in doing so lays the groundwork for a more progressive future. With equal parts playful irreverence and persuasive reasoning, It's Time to Fight Dirty is essential reading as we head toward the 2018 midterms... and beyond.
Posted in Political Science

Fortas

the rise and ruin of a Supreme Court Justice

Author: Bruce Allen Murphy

Publisher: William Morrow & Co

ISBN: N.A

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 717

View: 516

Captures the saga of a brilliant career gone sour in a chronicle of the nation's first Jewish Supreme Court Justice, who was forced to resign in disgrace, and examines newly acquired evidence concerning the case
Posted in Biography & Autobiography

Justices and Presidents

a political history of appointments to the Supreme Court

Author: Henry Julian Abraham,Henry David Abraham

Publisher: Penguin (Non-Classics)

ISBN: 9780140040487

Category: Political Science

Page: 310

View: 1551

Analysis of judicial achievements of the 100 U.S. Supreme Court Justices who served up to the year 1969, measuring actual performances against the expectations of the Presidents who appointed them.
Posted in Political Science

Seeking justices

the judging of Supreme Court nominees

Author: Michael Comiskey

Publisher: Univ Pr of Kansas

ISBN: 9780700613465

Category: Law

Page: 287

View: 5990

In the long shadows cast by the Robert Bork and Clarence Thomas nominations, Supreme Court confirmations remain highly contentious and controversial. This is due in part to the Senate's increasing reliance upon a much lengthier, much more public, and occasionally raucous confirmation process--in an effort to curb the potential excesses of executive power created by presidents seeking greater control over the Court's ideological composition. Michael Comiskey offers the most comprehensive, systematic, and optimistic analysis of that process to date. Arguing that the process works well and therefore should not be significantly altered, Comiskey convincingly counters those critics who view highly contentious confirmation proceedings as the norm. Senators have every right and a real obligation, he contends, to scrutinize the nominees' constitutional philosophies. He further argues that the media coverage of the Senate's deliberations has worked to improve the level of such scrutiny and that recent presidents have neither exerted excessive influence on the appointment process nor created a politically extreme Court. He also examines the ongoing concern over presidential efforts to pack the court, concluding that stacking the ideological deck is unlikely. As an exception to the rule, Comiskey analyzes in depth the Thomas confirmation to explain why it was an aberration, offering the most detailed account yet of Thomas's pre-judicial professional and political activities. He argues that the Senate Judiciary Committee abdicated its responsibilities out of deference to Thomas's race. Another of the book's unique features is Comiskey's reassessment of the reputations of twentieth-century SupremeCourt justices. Based on a survey of nearly 300 scholars in constitutional law and politics, it shows that the modern confirmation process continues to fill Court vacancies with jurists as capable as those of earlier eras. We
Posted in Law