Journalism and Democracy

An Evaluation of the Political Public Sphere

Author: Brian McNair

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134614918

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 7045

The public sphere is said to be in crisis. Dumbing down, tabloidisation, infotainment and spin are alleged to contaminate it, adversely affecting the quality of political journalism and of democracy itself. There is a pervasive pessimism about the relationship between the media and democracy, and widespread concern for the future of the political process. Journalism and Democracy challenges this orthodoxy, arguing instead for an alternative, more optimistic evaluation of the contemporary public sphere and its contribution to the political process. Brian McNair argues not only that the quantity of political information in mass circulation has expanded hugely in the late twentieth century, but that political journalism has become steadily more rigorous and effective in its criticism of elites, more accessible to the public, and more thorough in its coverage of the political process. Journalism and Democracy combines textual analysis and extensive in-depth interviews with political journalists, editors, presenters and documentary makers. In separate chapters devoted to the political news agenda, the political interview, punditry, public access media and spin doctoring, McNair considers whether dumbing down is a genuinely new trend in political journalism, or a kind of moral panic, provoked by suspicion of mass involvement in culture.
Posted in Social Science

Understanding Community Media

SAGE Publications

Author: Kevin Howley

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483342859

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 424

View: 853

A text that reveals the value and significance of community media in an era of global communication With contributions from an international team of well-known experts, media activists, and promising young scholars, this comprehensive volume examines community-based media from theoretical, empirical, and practical perspectives. More than 30 original essays provide an incisive and timely analysis of the relationships between media and society, technology and culture, and communication and community. Key Features Provides vivid examples of community and alternative media initiatives from around the world Explores a wide range of media institutions, forms, and practices—community radio, participatory video, street newspapers, Independent Media Centers, and community informatics Offers cutting-edge analysis of community and alternative media with original essays from new, emerging, and established voices in the field Takes a multidimensional approach to community media studies by highlighting the social, economic, cultural, and political significance of alternative, independent, and community-oriented media organizations Enters the ongoing debates regarding the theory and practice of community media in a comprehensive and engaging fashion Intended Audience This core text is designed for advanced undergraduate and graduate courses such as Community Media, Alternative Media, Media & Social Change, Communication & Culture, and Participatory Communication in the departments of communication, media studies, sociology, and cultural studies.
Posted in Language Arts & Disciplines

Glasnost, Perestroika and the Soviet Media

Author: Brian McNair

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780203192191

Category: Social Science

Page: 248

View: 5683

The reforms of Mikhail Gorbachev have brought tumultuous change to political, social and economic life in the Soviet Union. But how have these changes affected Soviet press and television reporting? Glasnost, Perestroika and the Soviet Media examines the changing role of Soviet journalism from its theoretical origins in the writings of Marx and Lenin to the new freedoms of the Gorbachev era. The book includes detailed analysis of contemporary Soviet media output, as well as interviews with Soviet journalists.
Posted in Social Science

Über Tyrannei

Zwanzig Lektionen für den Widerstand

Author: Timothy Snyder

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 3406711472

Category: Political Science

Page: 127

View: 5079

Wir sind nicht klüger als die Menschen, die erlebt haben, wie überall in Europa die Demokratie unterging und Faschismus, Nationalsozialismus und Kommunismus kamen. Aber einen Vorteil haben wir. Wir können aus ihren Erfahrungen lernen. „Leiste keinen vorauseilenden Gehorsam.“ So lautet die erste von 20 Lektionen für den Widerstand, mit denen Timothy Snyder die Bürger der Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika vorbereitet auf das, was gestern noch unvorstellbar zu sein schien: einen Präsidenten, der das Gesicht der Demokratie verstümmelt und eine rechtsradikale Tyrannei errichtet. Doch nicht nur in den USA sind Populismus und autoritäres Führertum auf dem Vormarsch. Auch in Europa rückt die Gefahr von rechts immer näher – als ob es das 20. Jahrhundert und seine blutigen Lehren niemals gegeben hätte. Snyders historische Lektionen, die international Aufsehen erregt haben, sind ein Leitfaden für alle, die jetzt handeln wollen - und nicht erst, wenn es zu spät ist. Lektion 8: „Setze ein Zeichen.“ Dieses Buch tut es. Tun Sie es auch.
Posted in Political Science

The Political Pundits

Author: Dan D. Nimmo,James E. Combs

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780275935450

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 195

View: 7301

The Political Pundits surveys in detail the small, elite group of persons who comment on and analyze politics in newspapers and newsmagazines, on political media. Dan Nimmo and James E. Combs discuss the key political role pundits play, their methods and strategies, and the potential danger they present to American political life. American democracy is being transformed into a punditocracy, which replaces serious citizen debate with discussion guided by show business values. Punditry, Nimmo and Combs argue, produces symbolic rather than effective healing of political ills, political paternalism rather than political reflection, and, in the end, public disenchantment with politics.
Posted in Language Arts & Disciplines

Practicing Democracy

Local Activism and Politics in France and Finland

Author: E. Luhtakallio

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230363512

Category: Social Science

Page: 250

View: 4412

This book is about the mundane, local, every day practices that constitutes democracy. Focusing on France and Finland, the book defines politicization as the key process in understanding democracy in different cultural contexts and shows a nuanced picture of two opposite models of European politics.
Posted in Social Science

Politische Kommunikation in Österreich

ein praxisnahes Handbuch

Author: Fritz Plasser

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783851148589

Category: Communication in politics

Page: 501

View: 3864

Posted in Communication in politics

Journalism and Political Democracy in Brazil

Author: Carolina Matos

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 0739138200

Category: Political Science

Page: 336

View: 4126

Journalism and Political Democracy in Brazil is an investigation into the complexities of the relationship established between the media and the government in the aftermath of the Brazilian dictatorship. It examines the role of the mainstream press in the process of the democratization of the Latin American nation from 1984 to 2002 and questions to what extent the communications industry was able to offer contributions to the creation of wider democratic spaces for debate in the media's public sphere.Matos concludes that the commercial media did have a role in advancing the cause of democracy in Brazil, though limited by political and economic constraints. By focusing on the analysis of key post-dictatorship political and presidential campaigns, this book discusses the inherent tension between the media and the Brazilian state and shows how crucial the impact of these campaigns was in the formation of power hierarchies in society and politics. An important work that highlights the struggle for the wider inclusion social and political players in the media's ongoing dialogue on democratization,Journalism and Political Democracy in Brazil provides a picture of the forms of media that have grown out of the diverse political interests of Brazilian society.
Posted in Political Science

Democracy, Inc.

The Press and Law in the Corporate Rationalization of the Public Sphere

Author: David S. Allen

Publisher: University of Illinois Press

ISBN: 0252090403

Category: Law

Page: 216

View: 7338

In Democracy, Inc., David S. Allen exposes the vested interests behind the U.S. slide toward conflating corporate values with public and democratic values. He argues that rather than being institutional protectors of democratic principles, the press and law perversely contribute to the destruction of public discourse in the United States today. Allen utilizes historical, philosophical, sociological, and legal sources to trace America's gradual embrace of corporate values. He argues that such values, including winning, efficiency, and profitability actually limit democratic involvement by devaluing discursive principles, creating an informed yet inactive public. Through an examination of professionalization in both the press and the law, corporate free speech rights, and free speech as property, Democracy, Inc. demonstrates that today's democracy is more about trying to control and manage citizens than giving them the freedom to participate. Allen not only calls on institutions to reform the way they understand and promote citizenship but also asks citizens to adopt a new ethic of public discourse that values understanding rather than winning.
Posted in Law

Television and the Public Sphere

Citizenship, Democracy and the Media

Author: Peter Dahlgren

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1446265765

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 192

View: 2440

In this broad-ranging text, Peter Dahlgren clarifies the underlying theoretical concepts of civil society and the public sphere, and relates these to a critical analysis of the practice of television as journalism, as information and as entertainment. He demonstrates the limits and the possibilities of the television medium and the formats of popular journalism. These issues are linked to the potential of the audience to interpret or resist messages, and to construct its own meanings. What does a realistic understanding of the functioning and the capabilities of television imply for citizenship and democracy in a mediated age?
Posted in Language Arts & Disciplines

The Politics of Deceit

Saving Freedom and Democracy from Extinction

Author: Smith

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471667636

Category: Political Science

Page: 246

View: 692

Argues that the current political customs are a real threat to democracy and freedom and offers ways to correct the situation.
Posted in Political Science

New Media, Old News

Journalism and Democracy in the Digital Age

Author: Natalie Fenton

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1446244180

Category: Social Science

Page: 232

View: 2150

Have new communications technologies revitalised the public sphere, or become the commercial tool for an increasingly un-public, undemocratic news media? Are changing journalistic practices damaging the nature of news, or are new media allowing journalists to do more journalism and to engage the public more effectively? With massive changes in the media environment and its technologies, interrogating the nature of news journalism is one of the most urgent tasks we face in defining the public interest today. The implications are serious, not just for the future of the news, but also for the practice of democracy. In a thorough empirical investigation of journalistic practices in different news contexts, New Media, Old News explores how technological, economic and social changes have reconfigured news journalism, and the consequences of these transformations for a vibrant democracy in our digital age. The result is a piercing examination of why understanding news journalism matters now more than ever. It is essential reading for students and scholars of journalism and new media.
Posted in Social Science

The Handbook of Global Online Journalism

Author: Eugenia Siapera,Andreas Veglis

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118313941

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 528

View: 4699

The Handbook to Global Online Journalism features acollection of readings from international practitioners andscholars that represent a comprehensive and state-of-the-artoverview of the relationship between the internet and journalismaround the world. Provides a state-of-the-art overview of current research andfuture directions of online journalism Traces the evolution of journalistic practices, businessmodels, and shifting patterns of journalistic cultures that haveemerged around the world with the migration of news online Written and edited by top international researchers andpractitioners in the area of online journalism Features an extensive breadth of coverage, including economics,organizational practices, contents and experiences Discusses developments in online news in a wide range ofcountries, from the USA to Brazil, and from Germany to China Contains original theory, new research data, and reviews ofexisting studies in the field
Posted in Language Arts & Disciplines

Political Communication and Social Theory

Author: Aeron Davis

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136940286

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 216

View: 6976

Political Communication and Social Theory presents an advanced and challenging text for students and scholars of political communication and mass media in democracies. It draws together work from across political communication, media sociology and political sociology, and includes a mix of theoretical debate and current examples from several democratic media systems. Its wide ranging discussions both introduce and contest the traditional scholarship on a number of contemporary topics and issues. These include: comparative political and media systems theories of democracy, representation and the public sphere political party communication, marketing and elections the production of news media and public policy media sociology and journalist-source relations celebrity politics, popular culture and political leadership new media and online democracy national-global politics and international political communication foreign policy-making, war and media the crisis of public communication in established democracies. At the same time, Political Communication and Social Theory also offers a fascinating investigation of the causes of crisis in established political and media systems. In today’s democracies, trust in politicians, state institutions and mainstream media sources has dropped to new lows. The traditional business model that sustained journalism is failing and nations are struggling to respond to the existing global recession and impending environmental and resource crises. Drawing on interviews with over 100 experienced politicians, journalists and civil servants, Aeron Davis explores how the varied political actors and communicative processes, at the centre of UK democracy, may or may not be contributing to such crisis tendencies.
Posted in Language Arts & Disciplines

Regierungskommunikation und staatliche Öffentlichkeitsarbeit

Implikationen des technologisch induzierten Medienwandels

Author: Juliana Raupp,Jan Niklas Kocks,Kim Murphy

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 365820589X

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 261

View: 3724

Der Herausgeberband beschäftigt sich mit den Auswirkungen der Digitalisierung der politischen Kommunikation, insbesondere der Regierungskommunikation und der staatlichen Öffentlichkeitsarbeit. Die Beitragsautoren diskutieren diesen Problemkreis aus verschiedenen theoretischen, methodischen und berufspraktischen Perspektiven und stellen ausgewählte empirische Befunde dazu vor. Regierungskommunikation und staatliche Öffentlichkeitsarbeit werden unter den Bedingungen des technologisch induzierten Medienwandels aus der Perspektive verschiedener Fachdisziplinen problematisiert und reflektiert.
Posted in Language Arts & Disciplines

Digitale Diskussionen

Über politische Partizipation mittels Online-Leserkommentaren

Author: Tobias Zimmermann

Publisher: transcript Verlag

ISBN: 3839438888

Category: Political Science

Page: 394

View: 2998

Politische Meinungsbildung, Protest oder Selbstdarstellung? Politische Expression im Web ist gegenwärtig in aller Munde und beschäftigt Medien, Politik, Justiz und Öffentlichkeit gleichermaßen. Tobias Zimmermann beleuchtet mit dem Online-Leserkommentar einen der quantitativ bedeutsamsten und kontroversesten Kanäle politischen Ausdrucks im Internet und lotet so politikwissenschaftliches Neuland aus. Aufbauend auf Jürgen Habermas' deliberativer Demokratietheorie schlägt er dabei eine Brücke zwischen normativer Erwartungshaltung und empirischer Realität.
Posted in Political Science

The Media, Politics and Public Life

Author: Geoffrey Craig

Publisher: Allen & Unwin

ISBN: 9781741152203

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 228

View: 4341

The belief that the media plays a central role in a functioning democracy anchors this examination of the constant give-and-take between politics and the media. The variety of themes addressed includes opinion polls and public opinion, how national identity is shaped by the media, and the loss of public trust in politicians. The growing influence of American political and media practices on nations and media outlets across the world is emphasized.
Posted in Language Arts & Disciplines

The Idea of Public Journalism

Author: Theodore Lewis Glasser

Publisher: Guilford Press

ISBN: 9781572304604

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 229

View: 8082

This volume offers a critical and constructive examination of the claims of public journalism, the controversial movement aimed at getting the press to promote and indeed improve (not merely report on) the quality of public life. From leading contributors, original essays refine the terms of the debate by situating it within a broad cultural, historical and philosophical framework. Exploring the movement's promise as well as its problems, The Idea of Public Journalism sheds lights on issues of political power, freedom of expression, democratic participation and press responsibility.
Posted in Language Arts & Disciplines